keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HCAI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325579/burden-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-china-results-of-the-2015-point-prevalence-survey-in-dong-guan-city
#1
J Wang, J Hu, S Harbarth, D Pittet, M Zhou, W Zingg
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) are a major health threat. There are few data about HCAI and antibiotic use in the People's Republic of China in the English literature. AIM: To describe and discuss the prevalence of HCAI and antibiotic use from the 2015 point prevalence survey (PPS) in Dong Guan City. METHODS: In 2015, the Dong Guan (City) Nosocomial Infection Control and Quality Improvement Centre organized its yearly PPS in the secondary and tertiary care hospitals of Dong Guan City...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259049/survey-of-attitudes-and-practices-of-irish-nursing-students-towards-hand-hygiene-including-handrubbing-with-alcohol-based-hand-rub
#2
Liz M Kingston, Nuala H O'Connell, Colum P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is widely recognised as the most important measure a healthcare worker can take in preventing the spread of healthcare associated infections. As a member of the healthcare team, nursing students have direct patient contact during clinical practice; hence, good hand hygiene practice among nursing students is essential. Low to moderate levels of hand hygiene knowledge and poor attitudes and practices are reported among nursing students. However, less is known about their attitudes and practices of handrubbing with ABHR, even though handrubbing is the recommended optimum practice in most situations...
February 27, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256371/synthesis-of-bulky-tailed-sulfonamides-incorporating-pyrido-2-3-d-1-2-4-triazolo-4-3-a-pyrimidin-1-5h-yl-moieties-and-evaluation-of-their-carbonic-anhydrases-i-ii-iv-and-ix-inhibitory-effects
#3
Mohamed Fares, Radwa A Eladwy, Alessio Nocentini, Soha R Abd El Hadi, Hazem A Ghabbour, Ashraf Abdel-Megeed, Wagdy M Eldehna, Hatem A Abdel-Aziz, Claudiu T Supuran
Using celecoxib as lead, two novel series of sulfonamides incorporating the pyridotriazolopyrimidine scaffold have been synthesized and evaluated in vitro as inhibitors against four relevant human (h) carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1), the cytosolic and ubiquitous hCA I and II as well as the transmembrane hCA IV and hCA IX. Most of the reported sulfonamides acted as efficient, low micromolar inhibitors of hCAI, II and IV, whereas they displayed higher efficacy in inhibiting the tumor-associated isoform hCA IX...
February 21, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138385/prospective-surveillance-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-cambodian-pediatric-hospital
#4
Pasco Hearn, Thyl Miliya, Soklin Seng, Chanpheaktra Ngoun, Nicholas P J Day, Yoel Lubell, Claudia Turner, Paul Turner
BACKGROUND: Healthcare associated infections (HAI) are the most common preventable adverse events following admission to healthcare facilities. Data from low-income countries are scarce. We sought to prospectively define HAI incidence at Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC), a Cambodian pediatric referral hospital. METHODS: Prospective HAI surveillance was introduced for medical admissions to AHC. Cases were identified on daily ward rounds and confirmed using locally adapted Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definitions...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018930/intra-abdominal-infections-the-role-of-anaerobes-enterococci-fungi-and-multidrug-resistant-organisms
#5
Gil Marcus, Samuel Levy, Ghaleb Salhab, Bethlehem Mengesha, Oran Tzuman, Shira Shur, Erica Burke, Rebecca Cruz Mayeda, Lior Cochavi, Idan Perluk, Ronit Zaidenstein, Tsilia Lazarovitch, Mor Dadon, Dror Marchaim
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal infections (IAI) constitute a common reason for hospitalization. However, there is lack of standardization in empiric management of (1) anaerobes, (2) enterococci, (3) fungi, and (4) multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO). The recommendation is to institute empiric coverage for some of these organisms in "high-risk community-acquired" or in "healthcare-associated" infections (HCAI), but exact definitions are not provided. METHODS: Epidemiological study of IAI was conducted at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center (May-November 2013)...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007308/a-point-prevalence-survey-of-healthcare-associated-infection-in-fifty-two-chinese-hospitals
#6
Y Chen, J Y Zhao, X Shan, X L Han, S G Tian, F Y Chen, X T Su, Y S Sun, L Y Huang, L Han
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) represents a major problem for patient safety worldwide. AIM: To demonstrate the prevalence, causative agents, and risk factors for HCAI in Chinese hospitals. METHODS: A one-day point-prevalence survey was conducted in 52 Chinese hospitals between October 2014 and March 2015. A web-based software system was developed for data entry and management. FINDINGS: Among 53,939 patients surveyed, the prevalence of patients with at least one HCAI was 3...
January 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999811/impact-of-who-hand-hygiene-improvement-program-implementation-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#7
Farinaz Farhoudi, Anahita Sanaei Dashti, Minoo Hoshangi Davani, Nadiyeh Ghalebi, Golnar Sajadi, Raziyeh Taghizadeh
Objectives. As affirmed by the World Health Organization (WHO), hand hygiene is the most powerful preventive measure against healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) and, thus, it has become one of the five key elements of patient safety program. The aim is to assess the effect of implementation of the WHO's Multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy among healthcare workers of a tertiary teaching hospital in a developing country. Methods. Hand hygiene compliance was assessed among healthcare workers, according to five defined moments for hand hygiene of the WHO, before and after implementation of the WHO's Multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy in fourteen wards of a tertiary teaching hospital in Shiraz, Iran...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964775/hygiene-on-maternity-units-lessons-from-a-needs-assessment-in-bangladesh-and-india
#8
Suzanne Cross, Kaosar Afsana, Morsheda Banu, Dileep Mavalankar, Emma Morrison, Atiya Rahman, Tapash Roy, Deepak Saxena, Kranti Vora, Wendy J Graham
BACKGROUND: As the proportion of deliveries in health institutions increases in low- and middle-income countries, so do the challenges of maintaining standards of hygiene and preventing healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) in mothers and babies. Adequate water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and infection prevention and control (IPC) in these settings should be seen as integral parts of the broader domain of quality care. Assessment approaches are needed which capture standards for both WASH and IPC, and so inform quality improvement processes...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942878/community-acquired-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bloodstream-infection-a-classification-that-should-not-falsely-reassure-the-clinician
#9
K L McCarthy, D L Paterson
Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection (BSI) is predominantly acquired in the hospital setting. Community-onset infection is less common. Differences in epidemiology, clinical features, microbiological factors and BSI outcomes led to the separation of bacterial community-onset BSI into the categories of healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) and community-acquired infection (CAI). Community-acquired P. aeruginosa BSI epidemiology is not well defined in the literature. In addition, it is also not clear if the same factors separate CAI and HCAI BSI caused by P...
April 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907197/clinical-experience-of-patients-receiving-doripenem-containing-regimens-for-the-treatment-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#10
Chien-Ming Chao, Chi-Chung Chen, Hui-Ling Huang, Yin-Ching Chuang, Chih-Cheng Lai, Hung-Jen Tang
In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical experience of patients receiving doripenem-containing regimens for the treatment of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) in a tertiary care center and assessed the clinical usefulness of doripenem therapy in this clinical setting. In this retrospective study, the medical records of all adult patients who had ever received doripenem-containing therapy for the treatment of HCAIs were reviewed between September 1, 2012 and August 31, 2014, and the following data were extracted: age, gender, type of infection, disease severity, underlying comorbidities or conditions, and laboratory results...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845476/are-liquids-an-efficient-vehicle-of-healthcare-associated-infections-a-review-of-reported-cases-in-italy-2000-2014
#11
D D'Alessandro, A Nusca, C Napoli
INTRODUCTION: In the field of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs), one of the most reported, studied and discussed sources of infections is water, partly due to its controllability, but also because healthcare facilities, especially hospitals, require a significant quantity of water per day. In addition to water, during healthcare procedures, other liquids can serve as source of infections. The present study reports a review of those HCAIs associated to liquid vehicles occurred in Italy during the period 2000-2014...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845475/-clean-care-is-safer-care-correct-handwashing-in-the-prevention-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#12
R Squeri, C Genovese, M A R Palamara, G Trimarchi, V La Fauci
BACKGROUND: In 2005, WHO developed the campaign "Clean care is safer care", aiming at the reduction of Healthcare Associated Infections (HCAI) through the worldwide promotion of appropriate hand hygiene practices. Adherence to these practices presently ranges from 5 to 81% (average 40%). METHODS: Aim of the study was the evaluation of healthcare workers (HCWs) adherence to the application of WHO guidelines on the hand hygiene and the possible impact on HCAI reduction...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826443/belgian-hand-hygiene-campaigns-in-icu-2005-2015
#13
Sylvanus Fonguh, Annie Uwineza, Boudewijn Catry, Anne Simon
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) are still a major problem especially in most intensive care units (ICU). Incompliance by clinical staff with hand hygiene (HH) increases rates of preventable infections. We report the outcome of the Belgian national hand hygiene campaign from 2005 to 2015 with focus on intensive care units. METHODS: Using the World Health organisation (WHO) standardised observation roster, trained infection control teams measured adherence to HH guidelines by direct observation...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717603/burden-spectrum-and-impact-of-healthcare-associated-infection-at-a-south-african-children-s-hospital
#14
A Dramowski, A Whitelaw, M F Cotton
BACKGROUND: In most African countries the prevalence and effects of paediatric healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are unknown. AIM: To investigate the burden, spectrum, risk factors, and impact of paediatric HCAI by prospective clinical surveillance at a South African referral hospital. METHODS: Continuous prospective clinical and laboratory HCAI surveillance using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) definitions was conducted at Tygerberg Children's Hospital, South Africa, from May 1(st) to October 31(st) in 2014 and 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669273/time-effectiveness-of-ultraviolet-c-light-uvc-emitted-by-light-emitting-diodes-leds-in-reducing-stethoscope-contamination
#15
Gabriele Messina, Mattia Fattorini, Nicola Nante, Daniele Rosadini, Andrea Serafini, Marco Tani, Gabriele Cevenini
Today it is well demonstrated that stethoscopes can be as contaminated as hands, which are a recognized source of Health-Care Associated Infections (HCAIs). Ultraviolet C (UVC) light has proven disinfection capacity and the innovative UVC technology of Light Emitting Diode (LED) shows several potential benefits. To verify whether the use of UVC LEDs is effective and reliable in stethoscope membrane disinfection after prolonged use, a pre-post intervention study was conducted. A total of 1668 five-minute cycles were performed on two UVC LEDs to simulate their use; thereafter, their disinfection capacity was tested on stethoscope membranes used on a previously auscultated volunteer...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494150/interview-with-professor-mark-wilcox
#16
Mark Wilcox
Mark Wilcox speaks to Georgia Patey, Commissioning Editor: Professor Mark Wilcox is a Consultant Microbiologist and Head of Microbiology at the Leeds Teaching Hospitals (Leeds, UK), the Professor of Medical Microbiology at the University of Leeds (Leeds, UK), and is the Lead on Clostridium difficile and the Head of the UK C. difficile Reference Laboratory for Public Health England (PHE). He was the Director of Infection Prevention (4 years), Infection Control Doctor (8 years) and Clinical Director of Pathology (6 years) at the Leeds Teaching Hospitals...
August 2016: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389391/comparing-the-case-mix-and-survival-of-women-receiving-breast-cancer-care-from-one-private-provider-with-other-london-women-with-breast-cancer-pilot-data-exchange-and-analyses
#17
Elizabeth A Davies, Victoria H Coupland, Steve Dixon, Kefah Mokbel, Ruth H Jack
BACKGROUND: Data from providers of private cancer care are not yet formally included in English cancer registration data. This study aimed to test the exchange of breast cancer data from one Hospital Corporation of America International (HCAI) hospital in London with the cancer registration system and assess the suitability of these data for comparative analyses of case mix and adjusted survival. METHODS: Data on 199 London women receiving 'only HCAI care', 278 women receiving 'some HCAI care' (HCAI and other services), and 31,234 other London women diagnosed between 2005 and 2011 could be identified and compared...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307475/economic-burden-of-antibiotic-treatment-of-healthcare-associated-infections-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-icu-in-goa-india
#18
Devika D Misal, Saleel V Maulingkar, Sushma Bhonsle
Antibiotics to treat healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) contribute to a substantial proportion of drug expenditure in intensive care units (ICUs). Our study aimed to determine the common HCAIs in our hospital ICU, to assess the antibiotics prescribed and the mean antibiotic cost per HCAI. All adult patients, admitted to the ICU over a 1-year period, were included in the study. HCAIs were determined according to CDC definition. The incidence of HCAIs in the ICU was 16%. Ventilator associated pneumonia (50%) was the most common HCAI, followed by urinary tract infection (35...
June 15, 2016: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303102/assessment-of-hand-hygiene-compliance-after-hand-hygiene-education-among-health-care-workers-in-cambodia
#19
Sim Sansam, Eiko Yamamoto, Sok Srun, Yin Sinath, Mey Moniborin, Kheang Bun Sim, Joshua A Reyer, Yoshitoku Yoshida, Nobuyuki Hamajima
Health care-associated infection (HCAI) is the most frequent adverse event for hospitalized patients. Hand hygiene is a simple and effective solution to protect patients from HCAI. This study aimed to introduce hand hygiene to health care workers based on the World Health Organization guideline for reducing HCAI in Cambodia and to assess their behavioral patterns on hand hygiene. All health care workers at Kampong Cham provincial hospital had lectures and practice on hand hygiene in January 2012. The surveys for hand hygiene compliance (HHC) were performed after 6 months, 1 year and 2 years, respectively...
May 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264244/most-international-guidelines-on-prevention-of-healthcare-associated-infection-lack-comprehensive-recommendations-for-neonates-and-children
#20
A R Araujo da Silva, W Zingg, A Dramowski, J A Bielicki, M Sharland
International infection prevention and control (IPC) guidelines provide standardized recommendations for healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) prevention in adults, but often lack specific information about neonates and children. We reviewed ten international IPC/HCAI guidelines to identify paediatric-specific recommendations for HCAI prevention. Hand hygiene, bloodstream infection, ventilator-associated pneumonia, environmental control and outbreak management were frequently reported with recommendations applicable to children and newborns, but documents on catheter-associated urinary tract infection and surgical site infection were lacking...
October 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
keyword
keyword
51674
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"