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Liver metastasis treatment modalities

Yuri Jeong, Min-Ho Shin, Sang Min Yoon, Gi-Won Song, Ki-Hun Kim, Chul-Soo Ahn, Deok-Bog Moon, Shin Hwang, Jin-Hong Park, Jong Hoon Kim, Sung-Gyu Lee
PURPOSE: The study aims to analyze the oncologic outcomes of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) after combined transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with major vascular invasion. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 17 HCC patients with major vascular invasion who underwent LDLT after combined treatment modality between May 2007 and September 2014. The LDLT timing was determined by the surgeons depending on the disease status and liver function...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Yao Wang, Xin Rong Sun, Wen Ming Feng, Ying Bao, Yin Yuan Zheng
BACKGROUND: Radical resection is the main treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC), but metastasis or recurrence is common in which liver metastasis accounted for 83% of the cases. Therefore, the prognosis of patients with advanced CRC may be improved if liver metastasis is prevented. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) on liver metastases of stage III CRC patients after curative resection. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2008, 287 stage III CRC patients who had undergone radical resection were included in this study...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Alice Running, Mark Greenwood, Laura Hildreth, Jade Schmidt
As many as 80% of the 296,000 women and 2,240 men diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States will seek out complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments. One such therapy is Healing Touch (HT), recognized by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) as a treatment modality. Using a multiple experimental groups design, fifty-six six- to eight-week-old Balb/c mice were injected with 4T1 breast cancer tumor cells and randomly divided into intervention and positive control groups...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Byoung Chul Lee, Hyun Gu Lee, In Ja Park, So Yeon Kim, Ki-Hun Kim, Jae Hoon Lee, Chan Wook Kim, Jong Lyul Lee, Yong Sik Yoon, Seok-Byung Lim, Chang Sik Yu, Jin Cheon Kim
We investigated recurrence pattern and oncologic outcomes after treatment of metachronous isolated liver metastases from colorectal cancer according to treatment modality.We retrospectively analyzed 123 patients treated with hepatic resection and 82 patients treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for metachronous isolated hepatic metastasis from colorectal cancer (HMCRC). We compared clinicopathological data, recurrence pattern, and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates after the treatment of hepatic metastasis between patients treated with RFA and resection...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hirokazu Ogino, Masaki Hanibuchi, Soji Kakiuchi, Atsuro Saijo, Toshifumi Tezuka, Yuko Toyoda, Makoto Tobiume, Kenji Otsuka, Satoshi Sakaguchi, Hisatsugu Goto, Kokichi Arisawa, Yasuhiko Nishioka
BACKGROUND: Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) presents aggressive clinical behavior, and its prognosis is still poor. Previously, performance status (PS), or the existence of brain, bone, or liver metastasis were reported to be unfavorable prognostic factors. Given the recent progress of treatment modalities such as radiotherapy techniques and bone modifying agents, the prognostic factors might be different from previous findings. Therefore, we analyzed the prognostic factors of extensive disease SCLC (ED-SCLC) in recent years...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Shreyas S Rao, Grace G Bushnell, Samira M Azarin, Graham Spicer, Brian A Aguado, Jenna R Stoehr, Eric J Jiang, Vadim Backman, Lonnie D Shea, Jacqueline S Jeruss
The onset of distant organ metastasis from primary breast cancer marks the transition to a stage IV diagnosis. Standard imaging modalities often detect distant metastasis when the burden of disease is high, underscoring the need for improved methods of detection to allow for interventions that would impede disease progression. Here, microporous poly(ε-caprolactone) scaffolds were developed that capture early metastatic cells and thus serve as a sentinel for early detection. These scaffolds were used to characterize the dynamic immune response to the implant spanning the acute and chronic foreign body response...
September 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Shalini Goel, Ritesh Sachdev, Ishani Mohapatra, Smeeta Gajendra, Sunil Gupta
Primary Testicular Lymphoma (PTL) is a rare intermediate to high grade tumour, diffuse large cell being the most common type. Unlike nodal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL), testicular DLBCL has a less aggressive course and better prognosis. Metastasis is uncommon in testicular DLBCL. Commonly involved sites are contralateral testes, Waldeyer's ring, skin, lung, Central Nervous System (CNS) and prostate, however the kidneys, liver, bone marrow, pleura and bones are more rarely involved. We report a case of testicular DLBCL which has metastasized to skin and bone marrow with an aggressive clinical course in a year, in-spite of combined modality of therapy given to the patient...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jeong Il Yu, Hee Chul Park
Although the current standard treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) is sorafenib, many previous studies have established the need for a reliable local modality for PVTT control, which is a major cause of liver function deterioration and metastasis. Additionally, there is growing evidence for the prognostic significance of PVTT classification according to the location of tumor thrombosis. Favorable outcomes can be obtained by applying local modalities, including surgery or transarterial chemoembolization, especially in second-order or distal branch PVTT...
August 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Ratnam Nookala, Vera V Batchu, Heather M Lee, Amir Loghmani, Gurdeep S Chhabra
Intraocular metastatic tumors have been increasingly reported in the recent past. Unlike choroidal metastasis, metastasis to retina is very rare and so far has been reported in very few case reports only. A 56 year-old male who presented with a history of adenocarcinoma of the cecum and underwent lap colectomy for the primary cecal tumor, received adjuvant chemotherapy for a year after surgery and decided to stop. He was also diagnosed with metastasis to liver and lung at this time. He presented with left eye pain, pressure and decreased vision suspicious for retinal metastasis from cecal primary lesion, 2 years after initial diagnosis...
July 1, 2016: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
Jamie Harris, Andre Kajdacsy-Balla, Bill Chiu
AIM: To create an orthotopic hepatoma model with local metastasis monitored with ultrasound could be created as a platform for testing new treatments. BACKGROUND: Hepatoma accounts for 25% of liver tumors in children with poor overall survival. Intraabdominal metastasis are present in 35% of patients at time of diagnosis. We hypothesized that an orthotopic tumor model with local metastasis could be created as a platform for testing treatment modalities and could be monitored with ultrasound...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
Zixun Zeng, Lujun Shen, Yue Wang, Feng Shi, Chen Chen, Ming Wu, Yutong Bai, Changchuan Pan, Yunfei Xia, Peihong Wu, Wang Li
Patients with metachronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) differ significantly in survival outcomes. The aim of this study is to build a clinically practical nomogram incorporating known tumor prognostic factors to predict survival for metastatic NPC patients in epidemic areas.A total of 860 patients with metachronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively. Variables assessed were age, gender, body mass index, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) T and N stages, World Health Organization (WHO) histology type, serum lactate dehydrogenase (sLDH) level, serum Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) level, treatment modality, specific metastatic location (lung/liver/bone), number of metastatic location(s) (isolated vs multiple), and number of metastatic lesion(s) in metastatic location(s) (single vs multiple)...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wang Li, Yutong Bai, Ming Wu, Lujun Shen, Feng Shi, Xuqi Sun, Caijin Lin, Boyang Chang, Changchuan Pan, Zhiwen Li, Peihong Wu
The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the treatment efficacy of systemic chemotherapy combined with sequential CT-guided radiofrequency ablation (Chemo-RFA) to chemotherapy alone (Chemo-only) in the management of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with liver metastasis. Between 2003 and 2011, 328 NPC patients diagnosed with liver metastasis at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were enrolled. One-to-one matched pairs between Chemo-RFA group with the Chemo-only group were generated using propensity score matching...
July 2, 2016: Oncotarget
Guoxiang Cai, Weixing Dai, Sanjun Cai
Multi-disciplinary treatment (MDT) is an effective pattern to implement the standardized and individualized treatment for cancer. Under the pattern of MDT which integrates the surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, interventional therapy, targeted therapy and immune therapy, there has been a landmark progress in the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer. Curative resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy has been established as a standard treatment for stage III( colon cancer, but it is still controversial about whether patients with stage II( colon cancer should receive adjuvant chemotherapy and which regimen is preferred...
June 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Hsueh-Chou Lai, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Long-Bin Jeng, Shang-Fen Huang, Pei-Ying Liao, Fu-Ju Lei, Wei-Chun Cheng, Cheng-Lung Hsu, Xiujun Cai, Chawnshang Chang, Wen-Lung Ma
PURPOSE: Although hepatectomy and liver transplantation surgery for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are effective treatment modalities, the risk of recurrence remains high, particularly in patients with a high number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) expressing cancer stem/progenitor cell markers. Androgen receptor (AR) signaling has been shown to suppress HCC metastasis in rodent models of HCC. In this study, we investigated whether AR is associated with postoperative HCC recurrence. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: CTCs were obtained from patients with HCC who had undergone hepatectomy to investigate whether they are associated with disease outcome...
June 20, 2016: Oncotarget
H N Ismael, J Denbo, S Cox, C H Crane, P Das, S Krishnan, R T Schroff, M Javle, C Conrad, J Vauthey, T Aloia
INTRODUCTION: Patients with unresectable liver tumors who fail initial treatment modalities have a poor prognosis (<1 yr). Although effective, delivery of high dose radiation therapy to these tumors is limited by proximity of radiosensitive bowel. We have previously reported that placement of a biologic mesh spacer (BMS) can effectively displace the bowel allowing for dose-intense radiation to be delivered with low short-term toxicity. The purpose of this study was to assess and report the long-term safety and oncologic outcomes of this cohort...
October 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
K Kuhlmann, J van Hilst, S Fisher, G Poston
The development of new potent systemic treatment modalities has led to a significant increase in survival of patients with colorectal liver metastases. In the neo-adjuvant setting, these modalities can be used for patient selection, down staging, and conversion from non-resectable to resectable liver metastases. In addition, complete radiological disappearance of metastases can occur, the phenomenon of disappearing liver metastases. Because only a small percentage of these patients (0-8%) have a complete radiological response of all liver metastases, most patients will undergo surgery...
May 24, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Rashmi Balasubramanya, Santosh Kumar Selvarajan, Mougnyan Cox, Ganesh Joshi, Sandeep Deshmukh, Donald G Mitchell, Patrick O'Kane
Ocular melanoma is the most common adult primary intraocular tumour. Although <1% of patients have metastatic disease at the time of initial diagnosis, most will develop metastasis at varying lengths of time. Metastasis surveillance is therefore critical in the follow-up of patients with ocular melanoma. Liver is the most common site of metastasis and prognosis is based on the treatment of liver metastasis. Hence, imaging of liver metastasis is vital. MRI is the most specific modality for imaging liver metastasis and is at least as sensitive as CT...
September 2016: British Journal of Radiology
Minoru Umehara, Yutaka Umehara, Kenichi Takahashi, Akihiko Murata, Shinsuke Nishikawa, Tomohisa Tokura, Masashi Matsuzaka, Rina Tanaka, Takayuki Morita
BACKGROUND: The benefit of preoperative chemotherapy for patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer remains unclear. We evaluated the efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy with bevacizumab in such patients, and attempted to identify clinical predictors of recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between February 2007 and December 2013, a total of 65 liver resections for colorectal metastases were performed at our Institution; 47 patients underwent preoperative chemotherapy, which consisted of modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6) in 42 cases...
April 2016: Anticancer Research
Nicole D'Emic, Alexander Engelman, Jason Molitoris, Alexandra Hanlon, Navesh K Sharma, Fred M Moeslein, Michael D Chuong
BACKGROUND: Elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios (PLR) may represent markers of a suboptimal host immune response to cancer and have been shown to correlate with prognosis in multiple tumor types across different treatment modalities, including radiation therapy. Limited data suggest that NLR may predict for survival and disease control in patients receiving selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT). The correlation between clinical outcomes and change in NLR and PLR after SIRT has not been evaluated...
April 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Woon-Won Kim, Ki Hoon Kim, Sam Hee Kim, Jin Soo Kim, Sung Jin Park, Kwang Hee Kim, Chang Su Choi, Young Kil Choi
The liver is the major site of metastasis of primary colorectal cancer. Hepatic resection (HR) is considered the standard treatment for colorectal liver metastasis. In high-risk cases, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can be attempted as an alternative treatment. This study compared the clinical profiles and overall and disease-free survival rates of patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing HR and RFA. From 1995 to 2009, we retrospectively analyzed clinical experiences of 43 and 17 patients who had undergone HR and RFA for primary colorectal cancer, respectively...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
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