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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793212/should-we-excise-are-there-any-clinical-or-histologic-features-that-predict-upgrade-in-papillomas-incidental-or-non-incidental
#1
Michael Zaleski, Yun An Chen, Alison L Chetlen, Julie Mack, Liyan Xu, Daleela G Dodge, Dipti M Karamchandani
The clinical decision to excise intraductal papilloma (IDP) without atypia diagnosed on biopsy remains controversial. We sought to establish clinical and histologic predictors (if any) which may predict upgrade in IDP. 296 biopsies (in 278 women) with histologic diagnosis of IDP without atypia were retrospectively identified and placed into Incidental (no corresponding imaging correlate), or Non-incidental (positive imaging correlate) groups. 253/296 (85.5%) cases were non-incidental, and 43/296 (14.5%) were incidental...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793195/alcohol-and-drugs-use-among-drivers-injured-in-road-accidents-in-campania-italy-a-8-years-retrospective-analysis
#2
Anna Carfora, Carlo Pietro Campobasso, Paola Cassandro, Raffaella Petrella, Renata Borriello
A recent update of the Italian Road Traffic Law (RTL 41/2016), established severe penal sanctions when drivers, driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) or drugs (DUID), are involved in road accident that results in death or injuries. A study was carried out to assess the trends of consumption of alcohol, illicit drugs or pharmaceutical among injured drivers suspected for DUI or DUID from 2009 to 2016 in the region of Campania (Italy). Confirmation toxicological analyses were performed on 780 blood samples and 1017 urine samples collected from 1797 injured drivers...
May 9, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793182/healthcare-provider-counseling-to-quit-smoking-and-patient-desire-to-quit-the-role-of-negative-smoking-outcome-expectancies
#3
Joan S Tucker, Brian D Stucky, Maria Orlando Edelen, William G Shadel, David J Klein
AIMS: The U.S. Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guideline on treating tobacco use and dependence recommends providing advice to quit to every tobacco user seen in a healthcare setting. However, the mechanism through which counseling encourages patients to quit has not been adequately studied. This study tests whether the association between receiving healthcare provider counseling and desire to quit is accounted for by negative health and psychosocial outcome expectancies of smoking...
May 21, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793175/apolipoprotein-ciii-and-n-terminal-prohormone-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-as-independent-predictors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-type-2-diabetes
#4
Marco Colombo, Helen C Looker, Bassam Farran, Felix Agakov, M Julia Brosnan, Paul Welsh, Naveed Sattar, Shona Livingstone, Paul N Durrington, D John Betteridge, Paul M McKeigue, Helen M Colhoun
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Developing sparse panels of biomarkers for cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes would enable risk stratification for clinical decision making and selection into clinical trials. We examined the individual and joint performance of five candidate biomarkers for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 2 diabetes that an earlier discovery study had yielded. METHODS: Apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII), N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high sensitivity Troponin T (hsTnT), Interleukin-6, and Interleukin-15 were measured in baseline serum samples from the Collaborative Atorvastatin Diabetes trial (CARDS) of atorvastatin versus placebo...
May 21, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793172/on-the-autonomous-motion-of-active-drops-or-bubbles
#5
Yuri S Ryazantsev, Manuel G Velarde, Eduardo Guzman, Ramón G Rubio, Francisco Ortega, Juan-Jose Montoya
Thermo-capillary stresses on the surface of a drop can be the result of a non-isothermal surface chemical conversion of a reactant dissolved in the host fluid. The strength of heat production (with e.g. absorption) on the surface is ruled by the diffusion of the reactant and depends on the state of motion of the drop. Such thermo-capillary stresses can provoke the motion of the drop or its motionless state in the presence of an external body force. If in the balance of forces, including indeed viscous drag, the net resultant force vanishes there is the possibility of autonomous motion with constant velocity of the drop...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793160/water-footprint-characteristic-of-less-developed-water-rich-regions-case-of-yunnan-china
#6
Yiying Qian, Huijuan Dong, Yong Geng, Shaozhuo Zhong, Xu Tian, Yanhong Yu, Yihui Chen, Dana Avery Moss
Rapid industrialization and urbanization pose pressure on water resources in China. Virtual water trade proves to be an increasingly useful tool in water stress alleviation for water-scarce regions, while bringing opportunities and challenges for less developed water-rich regions. In this study, Yunnan, a typical province in southwest China, was selected as the case study area to explore its potential in socio-economic development in the context of water sustainability. Both input-output analysis and structural decomposition analysis on Yunnan's water footprint for the period of 2002-2012 were performed at not only an aggregated level but also a sectoral level...
March 30, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793157/energy-dissipation-in-quasi-linear-viscoelastic-tissues-cells-and-extracellular-matrix
#7
Behzad Babaei, A J Velasquez-Mao, Kenneth M Pryse, William B McConnaughey, Elliot L Elson, Guy M Genin
Characterizing how a tissue's constituents give rise to its viscoelasticity is important for uncovering how hidden timescales underlie multiscale biomechanics. These constituents are viscoelastic in nature, and their mechanics must typically be assessed from the uniaxial behavior of a tissue. Confounding the challenge is that tissue viscoelasticity is typically associated with nonlinear elastic responses. Here, we experimentally assessed how fibroblasts and extracellular matrix (ECM) within engineered tissue constructs give rise to the nonlinear viscoelastic responses of a tissue...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793149/educational-and-emotional-health-outcomes-in-adolescence-following-maltreatment-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-study-of-protective-factors
#8
Nisreen Khambati, Liam Mahedy, Jon Heron, Alan Emond
Although childhood maltreatment is associated with long-term impairment, some children function well despite this adversity. This study aimed to identify the key protective factors for good educational attainment and positive emotional health in adolescents who experienced maltreatment in early childhood. Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large UK prospective cohort study. The sample was defined by maternally reported exposure to physical or emotional maltreatment by a parent prior to 5 years...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793135/accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-venography-in-diagnosing-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#9
Liansheng Gao, Weilin Xu, Tao Li, Xiaobo Yu, Shenglong Cao, Hangzhe Xu, Feng Yan, Gao Chen
OBJECTIVES: The non-specific clinical manifestations and lack of effective diagnostic techniques have made cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) difficult to recognize and easy to misdiagnose. Several studies have suggested that different types of magnetic resonance venography (MRV) have advantages in diagnosing CVST. We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the accuracy of MRV in identifying CVST. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched the Embase, PubMed, and Chinese Biomedical (CBM) databases comprehensively to retrieve eligible articles up to Mar 31, 2018...
May 17, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793099/carbon-monoxide-analysis-method-in-human-blood-by-airtight-gas-syringe-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-ags-gc-ms-relevance-for-postmortem-poisoning-diagnosis
#10
S Oliverio, V Varlet
Carbon monoxide is one of the most abundant toxic air pollutants. Symptoms of a CO intoxication are non-specific, leading to a high number of misdiagnosed CO poisoning cases that are missing in the disease statistics. The chemical nature of the molecule makes it difficult to detect for long periods and at low levels, thus requiring a very accurate and sensitive method. Current methods capable of accurate and sensitive analyses are available, however an inconsistency between results and symptoms are frequently reported...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793085/socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-choosing-violent-methods-of-suicide-2011-2016-ilam-province
#11
Yousef Veisani, Fathola Mohamadian, Ali Delpisheh, Salman Khazaei
BACKGROUND: In new strategies towards of suicide prevention the best approach currently is based on specific method had specific risk factors. Therefore in this study we aimed to find out the association between socio-demographic factors and methods in completed suicide, 2011-2016, Ilam province. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, 2011-2016, was conducted. A total of 540 completed suicides were recruited to the study. Data were collected by systematic registration suicide data (SRSD) and Legal Medicine Organization (LMO)...
May 21, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793080/visualizing-the-shape-of-society-an-analysis-of-public-bads-and-burden-allocation-due-to-household-consumption-using-an-input-output-approach
#12
Andrew Chapman, Yosuke Shigetomi
This study investigates how our lifestyles can cause societal issue including a reduction in social equity due to the consumption of natural resources. Based on a range of household environmental footprints and their application to a quantitative social equity evaluation framework, a methodology is proposed which identifies the creation and origin of public bads within society. This research builds on the methodologies of energy policy sustainability evaluation incorporated with environmentally extended input output analysis in order to critically assess lifestyle-based consumption impacts, and to quantify the allocation of subsequent burdens across generations...
May 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793079/shifts-in-wind-energy-potential-following-land-use-driven-vegetation-dynamics-in-complex-terrain
#13
Jiannong Fang, Alexander Peringer, Mihai-Sorin Stupariu, Ileana Pǎtru-Stupariu, Alexandre Buttler, Francois Golay, Fernando Porté-Agel
Many mountainous regions with high wind energy potential are characterized by multi-scale variabilities of vegetation in both spatial and time dimensions, which strongly affect the spatial distribution of wind resource and its time evolution. To this end, we developed a coupled interdisciplinary modeling framework capable of assessing the shifts in wind energy potential following land-use driven vegetation dynamics in complex mountain terrain. It was applied to a case study area in the Romanian Carpathians...
May 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793050/small-scale-managed-marine-areas-over-time-developments-and-challenges-in-a-local-fijian-reef-fishery
#14
Elodie Fache, Annette Breckwoldt
This paper investigates the Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) approach through looking at developments and challenges of community-based marine resource management over time, with a particular focus on Fiji in the South Pacific region. A diachronic perspective, based on two multi-method empirical studies, is used to exemplify the social complexities of the implementation of this LMMA approach in a specific island setting. This perspective connects local stakeholders' establishment and management of a LMMA covering their entire customary fishing rights area (iqoliqoli) with the national context articulated around the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area (FLMMA) network, as well as with regional networking and international conservation dynamics...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793037/fetal-supraventricular-tachycardia-and-cystic-fibrosis-coincidence-or-association-two-case-reports
#15
P Coste Mazeau, Y Aubard, V Aubard, S Martin, L Bejjani, C Yardin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793034/a-case-control-study-about-foetal-trauma-during-cesarean-delivery
#16
Enora Dolivet, Cécile Delesalle, Rémi Morello, Marie Blouet, Corinne Bronfen, Michel Dreyfus, Guillaume Benoist
OBJECTIVE: The caesarean section rate is gradually increasing in most countries. The frequency of occurrence of foetal injury per birth is estimated to 1%. The majority of these injuries presents a low functional impact, but remains responsible for a significant neonatal morbidity. Even though the foetal risk factors are well documented in cases of vaginal birth, they have not been accurately identified for cesarean section. The aim of this study is to identify the risk factors for neonatal fracture during caesarean section...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793032/phosphorylated-and-non-phosphorylated-hck-kinase-domains-produced-by-cell-free-protein-expression
#17
Kazushige Katsura, Yuri Tomabechi, Takayoshi Matsuda, Mayumi Yonemochi, Junko Mikuni, Noboru Ohsawa, Takaho Terada, Shigeyuki Yokoyama, Mutsuko Kukimoto-Niino, Chie Takemoto, Mikako Shirouzu
Since phosphorylation is involved in various physiological events, kinases and interacting factors can be potential targets for drug discovery. For the development and improvement of inhibitors from the point of view of mechanistic enzymology, a cell-free protein synthesis system would be advantageous, since it could prepare mutant proteins easily. However, especially in the case of protein kinase, product solubility remains one of the major challenges. To overcome this problem, we prepared a chaperone-supplemented extract from Escherichia coli BL21 cells harboring a plasmid encoding a set of chaperone genes, dnaK, dnaJ, and grpE...
May 21, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793016/multiple-idiopathic-aneurysms-in-a-6-year-old-boy
#18
Nicola Monzio Compagnoni, Ilenia D'alessio, Pierantonio Rimoldi, Bruno Palmieri, Franco Riolo, Alfredo Lista, Teresa Occhiuto, Paola Tracanelli, Antonio Gaetano Rampoldi, Federico Romani
We report the rare case of a young boy affected by idiopathic multiple aneurysms at different arterial locations who was treated at our institution with different surgical and endovascular techniques.
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793015/right-atrial-anomalous-muscle-bundle-presenting-with-acute-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-and-pulmonary-embolism-surgical-management
#19
Jeko M Madjarov, Michael G Katz, Sophia Madjarova, Svetozar Madzharov, Frank R Arko, David W Miller, Francis Robicsek
BACKGROUND: An anomalous muscle bundle crossing the right atrial cavity represents a pathological finding with unproved clinical significance. This congenital anomaly may be difficult to recognize via echocardiography and could be confused with other intra-cavitary lesions. METHODS: We report a case of a 53-year-old female presented to the cardio-vascular service with acute superior vena cava syndrome and sub-massive pulmonary embolism. RESULTS: The patient underwent venography confirming superior vena cava stenosis...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793013/may-thurner-syndrome-presenting-as-acute-unexplained-dvt
#20
Zulfiqar Qutrio Baloch, Muhammad Hussain, Muhammad Ayyaz, Nishant Dagli, Shabber Agha Abbas
May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is a rare cause of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and occurs due to an anatomic anomaly which produces chronic compression of the left common iliac vein by the overlying right common iliac artery when it passes between the right common iliac artery and the spine. Prolonged compression on the vein potentiates thrombus formation by impairing the intima and by leading to the development of membranes within the lumen that may decrease and/or block venous flow. In this case presentation, we elaborate upon a case of a 43-year-old woman who presented with worsening left leg swelling and pain...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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