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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906529/genes-behavior-and-behavior-genetics
#1
REVIEW
Evan Charney
According to the 'first law' of behavior genetics, 'All human behavioral traits are heritable.' Accepting the validity of this first law and employing statistical methods, researchers within psychology, sociology, political science, economics, and business claim to have demonstrated that all the behaviors studied by their disciplines are heritable-no matter how culturally specific these behaviors appear to be. Further, in many cases they claim to have identified specific genes that play a role in those behaviors...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906501/the-heritability-fallacy
#2
REVIEW
David S Moore, David Shenk
The term 'heritability,' as it is used today in human behavioral genetics, is one of the most misleading in the history of science. Contrary to popular belief, the measurable heritability of a trait does not tell us how 'genetically inheritable' that trait is. Further, it does not inform us about what causes a trait, the relative influence of genes in the development of a trait, or the relative influence of the environment in the development of a trait. Because we already know that genetic factors have significant influence on the development of all human traits, measures of heritability are of little value, except in very rare cases...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906470/retrospective-evaluation-of-whole-body-computed-tomography-for-tumor-staging-in-dogs-with-primary-appendicular-osteosarcoma
#3
Jessica L Talbott, Sarah E Boston, Rowan J Milner, Amandine Lejeune, Carlos H de M Souza, Kelvin Kow, Nicholas J Bacon, Jorge A Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whole body computed tomography (CT) for staging canine appendicular osteosarcoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs diagnosed with appendicular osteosarcoma (n=39). METHODS: Medical records for client-owned dogs diagnosed with appendicular osteosarcoma from August 2008 to July 2014 were reviewed. Dogs were included if they had a confirmed diagnosis of appendicular osteosarcoma and were staged using whole body CT...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906469/corrective-osteotomy-of-a-metacarpal-deviation-caused-by-fracture-in-a-9-month-old-german-fleckvieh-heifer
#4
Theresa S Tschoner, Roberto G Köstlin, Melanie Feist
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical treatment of a metacarpal deviation caused by an untreated Salter-Harris type I fracture in a heifer. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: 9-month-old German Fleckvieh heifer. METHODS: A closing wedge osteotomy was performed to correct deviation of fused metacarpal III and IV. A triangular bone wedge was removed and the proximal and distal fragments of the bone were brought into apposition and stabilized with an 11-hole T-plate...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906456/environmental-risk-factors-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-cats
#5
M Öhlund, A Egenvall, T Fall, H Hansson-Hamlin, H Röcklinsberg, B S Holst
BACKGROUND: Diabetes in cats resembles type 2 diabetes in people. The etiology is not fully understood, but both genetic and environmental factors are believed to contribute. OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations of environmental risk factors with diabetes in cats. ANIMALS: Cats with a diagnosis of diabetes (n = 396) insured by a Swedish insurance company during years 2009-2013, and a control group (n = 1,670) matched on birth year. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was used in a case-control study...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906445/the-expression-research-of-mir-210-in-the-elderly-patients-with-copd-combined-with-ischemic-stroke
#6
L-Q Wang, C-L Wang, L-N Xu, D-F Hua
OBJECTIVE: We conduct this study to investigate the expression level of miR-210 in elderly patients with COPD combined with ischemic stroke and analyzed its application value as a sensitive diagnostic indicator. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 50 cases of elderly patients with COPD combined with ischemic stroke were selected as group A, 50 cases of elderly patients with COPD were selected as group B, 50 cases of elderly patients with ischemic stroke were selected as group C, and 50 cases of healthy volunteers as group D...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906440/supramicrosurgical-lymphatico-venular-anastomosis-lva-in-treating-lymphoedema-36-months-preliminary-report
#7
P Gennaro, G Gabriele, M Mihara, K Kikuchi, C Salini, I Aboh, F Cascino, G Chisci, C Ungari
OBJECTIVE: Lymphoedema of the extremities is a widespread pathological condition that mostly occurs as a complication of cancer resections, especially in women. Conventional therapy refers to conservative and physiotherapeutic approaches. Surgical strategies have been widely reported in the literature and are still challenging. Part of this literature focuses on the supra microsurgical lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) technique. LVA is characterized by a high success rate, minimal invasivity and broad indications...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906436/iliac-crest-bone-graft-a-23-years-hystory-of-infection-at-donor-site-in-vertebral-arthrodesis-and-a-review-of-current-bone-substitutes
#8
L Babbi, G Barbanti-Brodano, A Gasbarrini, S Boriani
OBJECTIVE: This is an exemplary case report underlining a relevant morbidity which could be associated to the use of autologous iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) for spine fusion. CASE REPORT: Starting from 1990, a 25-years-old woman underwent two subsequent surgical treatments for non-Hodgkin lymphoma vertebral localizations. In the second surgery, arthrodesis was obtained with autograft through right posterior iliac crest osteotomy. During the chemotherapy treatment following the surgery, the patient suffered from infection at posterior iliac crest scar, the site of previous graft, caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906432/analysis-of-radiotherapy-optimization-regimens-after-modified-radical-mastectomy
#9
X-B Zhao, G-S Ren
OBJECTIVE: Concomitant chemo-radiotherapy after modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer is an effective means of achieving high survival rates. In this study different radiotherapy optimization regimens are compared to assess their effectiveness and toxicity rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 112 patients with modified radical mastectomy participated, and were randomly assigned to one of three groups, all receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for 4-6 weeks prior to radiotherapy: group A received intensity modulated radiotherapy (radiation dose (DT) 50 Gy, 2...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906430/recurrent-acute-pancreatitis-in-bowel-malrotation
#10
G Alessandri, A Amodio, L Landoni, N De' Liguori Carino, C Bassi
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent acute pancreatitis is an uncommon diagnosis in teenagers. Excluded alcohol and biliary stones, more prevalent aetiologies in these group of patients are genetic pancreatitis, pancreatic duct system abnormalities, neoplasia, traumas and congenital abnormalities of the duodenum such as duodenal duplication or diverticulum. Two reported cases of recurrent pancreatitis associated to midgut malrotation were described in English literature. Bowel malrotation is a difficult diagnosis in a teenager or a young adult and a common delay is documented...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906426/continuous-monitoring-of-intracranial-pressure-for-prediction-of-postoperative-complications-of-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#11
S-X Yu, Q-S Zhang, Y Yin, Z Liu, J-M Wu, M-X Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the value of continuous dynamic monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage to predict early postoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 80 patients treated in our hospital from February 2014 to February 2015 were analyzed. The patients all underwent decompressive craniectomies, and their ICP changes were monitored invasively and continuously for 1 to 7 days after surgery...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906425/the-correlation-between-children-s-status-asthmatics-and-interstitial-lung-disease
#12
X-M Han, Y-Y Cheng, Y-F Gong, M-M Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Investigating the correlation between children's status asthmatics and interstitial lung disease (ILD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We continuously selected 20 cases of children's status asthmatics combined with ILD (group A), 20 cases of pure status asthmatics (group B), 20 cases of pure ILD (group C) and 20 cases of healthy children (group D). We measured Th1/Th2 by flow cytometry as well as the level of expression of hs-CRP, IL-7 cytokines (TSLP), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and anti-Jo-1 antibody by ELISA method...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906424/s100b-in-serum-and-saliva-a-valid-invasive-or-non-invasive-biomarker-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
M Traxdorf, O Wendler, K Tziridis, J Bauer, C Scherl
OBJECTIVE:   The aim of this prospective study was to determine whether serum or saliva S100B could be established as an invasive or non-invasive biomarker of cerebrovascular stress due to chronic intermittent hypoxia in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: S100B levels in serum and saliva were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 40 patients with polysomnographically confirmed OSA (n=34) or ronchopathy (n=6) and 20 control subjects (n=20)...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906423/analysis-of-factors-influenced-by-the-effectiveness-of-non-invasive-ventilation-in-the-treatment-of-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-different-severities
#14
J-J Zhu, L-J Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of levels of procalcitonin (PCT) and blood lactic acid with the effectiveness of the non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) with different severities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a case-control method to study patients who were admitted for AECOPD to the ICU at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2014...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906323/influences-of-misalignment-errors-of-optical-components-in-an-orthogonal-two-axis-lloyd-s-mirror-interferometer
#15
Yuki Shimizu, Ryo Aihara, Zongwei Ren, Yuan-Liu Chen, So Ito, Wei Gao
This paper presents a detailed analysis on the influence of misalignment errors of optical components in an orthogonal two-axis Lloyd's mirror interferometer, which can fabricate two-dimensional grating structures in a single exposure. In an ideal condition, defect-free two-dimensional grating structures can be fabricated by the interferometer. However, in a real case, visible stripes caused by misalignment errors of the optical components in the interferometer always appear on the fabricated grating structures...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906300/interpretation-of-the-optical-transfer-function-significance-for-image-scanning-microscopy
#16
Colin J R Sheppard, Stephan Roth, Rainer Heintzmann, Marco Castello, Giuseppe Vicidomini, Rui Chen, Xudong Chen, Alberto Diaspro
The optical transfer function (OTF) is widely used to compare the performance of different optical systems. Conventionally, the OTF is normalized to unity for zero spatial frequency, but in some cases it is better to consider the unnormalized OTF, which gives the absolute value of the image signal. Examples are in confocal microscopy and image scanning microscopy, where the signal level increases with pinhole or array size. Comparison of the respective unnormalized OTFs gives useful insight into their relative performance...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906288/eigen-energy-effects-and-non-orthogonality-in-the-quasi-normal-mode-expansion-of-maxwell-equations
#17
Mathias Perrin
We derive a quasi-normal mode theory for three-dimensional scatterers, taking care to remove an hypothesis of weakly dispersive materials implicitely used in previous works. In our approach, the normalized modes remain unchanged, but the analytic expansion coefficients onto the set of QNM are modified. In particular, we take into account in a simple way the non-orthogonality of the modes, and we set up a rigourous frame, to treat the case where several QNMs are excited. Eventally, the complex concept of PML integration, previously introduced, becomes unnecessary, even to compute the QNM mode volume...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906267/stochastic-model-for-the-differential-mueller-matrix-of-stationary-and-nonstationary-turbid-media
#18
J M Charbois, V Devlaminck
We show the existence of different regimes in spatial evolution of depolarization in turbid media characterized by a diagonal Mueller matrix (pure depolarizer). Experimental results previously published already established the existence of a first regime, where the depolarization follows a parabolic law with the thickness of stationary medium traveled by light. New experiments first confirm the existence of a second regime, which we have previously demonstrated, where the depolarization follows a linear law on a large scale...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906257/inverse-scattering-for-unbounded-fractally-corrugated-surfaces
#19
Lei Zhang
The phaseless inverse scattering of optical or electromagnetic waves from unbounded fractally corrugated surfaces are taken into account. The main characteristics of this inverse scattering problem are that only the phaseless scattered field is measured and the incident field is a tapered wave. In the previous recent works of the authors about the inverse scattering of rough surfaces, the cases of the Dirichlet boundary condition were considered [Inverse Prob.32, 085002 (2016)INPEEY0266-561110.1088/0266-5611/32/8/085002; Inverse Probl...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906230/stability-of-a-frequency-comb-based-transfer-lock-using-a-passive-fabry-perot-resonator
#20
Sambit B Pal, Mark M Lam, K Dieckmann
We report on a transfer-lock laser frequency stabilization that utilizes a frequency comb (FC) and a radio frequency counter referenced to a GPS frequency standard to compensate for the frequency drifts of two lasers, which are locked to a single passive Fabry-Perot resonator (FPR). The method requires only one optical phase lock with the FC and allows transfer locking of lasers at wavelengths beyond the usable range of the FC. To attain a large frequency tuning range for the lasers, we implement optical serrodyning...
December 1, 2016: Optics Letters
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