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Obstetrics ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432862/a-closer-look-at-the-fetal-programming-hypothesis-with-obstetric-ultrasound
#1
Henning Tiemeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#2
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426621/committee-opinion-no-700-methods-for-estimating-the-due-date
#3
(no author information available yet)
Accurate dating of pregnancy is important to improve outcomes and is a research and public health imperative. As soon as data from the last menstrual period, the first accurate ultrasound examination, or both are obtained, the gestational age and the estimated due date (EDD) should be determined, discussed with the patient, and documented clearly in the medical record. Subsequent changes to the EDD should be reserved for rare circumstances, discussed with the patient, and documented clearly in the medical record...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426616/committee-opinion-no-700-summary-methods-for-estimating-the-due-date
#4
(no author information available yet)
Accurate dating of pregnancy is important to improve outcomes and is a research and public health imperative. As soon as data from the last menstrual period, the first accurate ultrasound examination, or both are obtained, the gestational age and the estimated due date (EDD) should be determined, discussed with the patient, and documented clearly in the medical record. Subsequent changes to the EDD should be reserved for rare circumstances, discussed with the patient, and documented clearly in the medical record...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412669/measurement-of-frontal-lobe-volume-and-thalamic-volume-in-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease-at-different-gestational-weeks-using-three-dimensional-ultra-sonography-and-its-clinical-value
#5
Zhu Li-Fei, Liu Hong-Xiong, H E Ying
Our study aimed to investigate the measurement of frontal lobe volume and thalamic volume in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD) at different gestational weeks using three dimensional (3-D) ultrasonography and its clinical value. Then, 238 pregnant women who received obstetric ultrasonography in ultrasound department of Internal Medicine of our hospital were enrolled between March 2013 to April 2014. In this study, 85 fetuses were diagnosed to develop CHD by prenatal fetal echocardiography, and the other 153 fetuses were normal...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412314/improving-students-ability-to-perform-a-standardized-foetal-biometry-plane-using-ultrasound-simulators-immediate-effect-of-simulation-training-on-obstetrical-ultrasound-skills
#6
M Le Lous, V Tsatsaris, A Tesnière, G Grangé
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess progress made in the ultrasound (US) measurement of femur length (FL) by students after one hour of training on US obstetric simulators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical residents and midwives registered for the 2016 French national foetal US diploma were invited to a one-hour US training course with simulators. The time to acquire the FL plane with changing foetal presentation was prospectively measured before and after the training...
April 12, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403187/effectiveness-of-advertising-availability-of-prenatal-ultrasound-on-uptake-of-antenatal-care-in-rural-uganda-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
William Cherniak, Geoffrey Anguyo, Christopher Meaney, Ling Yuan Kong, Isabelle Malhame, Romina Pace, Sumeet Sodhi, Michael Silverman
In rural Uganda pregnant women often lack access to health services, do not attend antenatal care, and tend to utilize traditional healers/birth attendants. We hypothesized that receiving a message advertising that "you will be able to see your baby by ultrasound" would motivate rural Ugandan women who otherwise might use a traditional birth attendant to attend antenatal care, and that those women would subsequently be more satisfied with care. A cluster randomized trial was conducted across eight rural sub-counties in southwestern Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391748/small-for-gestational-age-babies-of-term-low-risk-pregnancies-does-antenatal-detection-matter
#8
Catarina Policiano, Andreia Fonseca, Jorge M Mendes, Nuno Clode, Luís M Graça
OBJECTIVES: To compare delivery route and admission rate to neonatal intensive care unit between small- and appropriate-for-gestational-age babies among term low risk pregnancies. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using the database of deliveries in 2014 at a tertiary hospital. Babies delivered at ≥ 37 weeks with birthweight < 10(th) centile were considered small-for-gestational-age and > 90(th) centile were considered large-for-gestational-age...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390945/intraoperative-factors-that-predict-the-successful-placement-of-essure-microinserts
#9
Chloé J Arthuis, Emmanuel G Simon, Thomas Hébert, Henri Marret
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the number of coils visualized in the uterotubal junction at the end of hysteroscopic microinsert placement predicts successful tubal occlusion. DESIGN: Cohort retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Department of obstetrics and gynecology in a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred and fifty-three women underwent tubal microinsert placement for permanent birth control from 2010 through 2014...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389908/validation-of-rem-score-to-predict-endometrial-cancer-in-patients-with-ultrasound-endometrial-abnormalities-results-of-a-new-independent-dataset
#10
Francesco Plotti, Stella Capriglione, Corrado Terranova, Roberto Montera, Giuseppe Scaletta, Salvatore Lopez, Daniela Luvero, Antonelli Gianina, Alessia Aloisi, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Roberto Angioli
The risk of endometrial malignancy (REM) score is a model formulated in a previous single-center validation study, which has been shown to predict endometrial cancer in women with ultrasound endometrial abnormalities based on multiple features (clinical, ultrasound and laboratorial). The purpose of this study was to validate the performance of REM score in an external validation setting. A population-based database with patients, who underwent elective hysteroscopy for ultrasound endometrial abnormalities between 2013 and 2016 at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Campus Bio-medico of Rome, was used...
May 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371793/ultrasound-standard-plane-detection-using-a-composite-neural-network-framework
#11
Hao Chen, Lingyun Wu, Qi Dou, Jing Qin, Shengli Li, Jie-Zhi Cheng, Dong Ni, Pheng-Ann Heng
Ultrasound (US) imaging is a widely used screening tool for obstetric examination and diagnosis. Accurate acquisition of fetal standard planes with key anatomical structures is very crucial for substantial biometric measurement and diagnosis. However, the standard plane acquisition is a labor-intensive task and requires operator equipped with a thorough knowledge of fetal anatomy. Therefore, automatic approaches are highly demanded in clinical practice to alleviate the workload and boost the examination efficiency...
March 30, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369720/the-contribution-of-multiple-pregnancies-from-overseas-fertility-treatment-to-obstetric-services-in-a-western-australian-tertiary-obstetric-hospital
#12
Kylie Anne Waller, Jan E Dickinson, Roger J Hart
BACKGROUND: Increasingly couples are travelling overseas to access assisted reproductive technology, known as cross border reproductive care, although the incidence, pregnancy outcomes and healthcare costs are unknown. AIMS: To determine obstetric and neonatal outcomes for multiple pregnancies conceived through fertility treatment overseas, and estimate cost of these pregnancies to the health system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of women receiving care for a multiple gestation between July 2013 and June 2015 at Western Australia's sole tertiary obstetric hospital, where conception was by overseas fertility treatment...
March 29, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368798/-risks-factors-of-cesarean-delivery-after-3hours-of-delayed-pushing
#13
S Cheniere, S Ménard, M-C Lamau, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
OBJECTIVES: Identify the factors associated with caesarean delivery for unengaged fetal head beyond 3hours of passive second stage of labor, among primiparous patients. METHODS: A case-control study conducted in level III universitary center between October 2012 and September 2015. Only primiparous at term, with a singleton, cephalic fetus and a passive second stage of labor prolonged over 3hours before pushing were included. During the second stage of labor, patients who had caesarean for abnormal fetal heart rate were excluded...
February 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366035/the-relationship-between-maternal-body-composition-in-early-pregnancy-and-foetal-mid-thigh-soft-tissue-thickness-in-the-third-trimester-in-a-high-risk-obstetric-population
#14
Breffini Anglim, Nadine Farah, Clare O'Connor, Niamh Daly, Mairead M Kennelly, Michael J Turner
Maternal obesity is an emerging challenge in contemporary obstetrics. To date there has been no study analysing the relationship between specific maternal body composition measurements and foetal soft-tissue measurements. The aim of this study was to determine whether measurement of maternal body composition at booking predicts foetal soft-tissue trajectories in the third trimester. We analysed the relationship between foetal thigh in the third trimester and both maternal BMI and body composition using the Tanita digital scales in the first trimester...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362600/fuiqa-fetal-ultrasound-image-quality-assessment-with-deep-convolutional-networks
#15
Lingyun Wu, Jie-Zhi Cheng, Shengli Li, Baiying Lei, Tianfu Wang, Dong Ni
The quality of ultrasound (US) images for the obstetric examination is crucial for accurate biometric measurement. However, manual quality control is a labor intensive process and often impractical in a clinical setting. To improve the efficiency of examination and alleviate the measurement error caused by improper US scanning operation and slice selection, a computerized fetal US image quality assessment (FUIQA) scheme is proposed to assist the implementation of US image quality control in the clinical obstetric examination...
May 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347577/utility-of-ultrasound-guided-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-for-muscle-imbalance-in-children-with-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-description-of-the-procedure-and-action-protocol
#16
A García Ron, R Gallardo, B Huete Hernani
INTRODUCTION: Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) usually has a favourable prognosis. However, nearly one third of all severe cases have permanent sequelae causing a high level of disability. In this study, we explore the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided injection of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) and describe the procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed a prospective, descriptive study including patients with moderate to severe OBPP who were treated between January 2010 and December 2014...
March 24, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343908/-fetal-mri-practices-in-a-university-prenatal-center
#17
A Fievet, B Morel, C Sembély-Taveau, B Thoreau, F Perrotin, D Sirinelli
OBJECTIVES: Fetal MRI is a third intention examination to prenatal diagnosis. If its diagnostic value is well known in many pathologies, its place in the management of pregnancies remains unclear. METHODS: We collected retrospectively demographical, radiological (fetal MRI indications, fetal anatomical region and diagnostic information provided by fetal MRI) and obstetrical data of pregnant patients in university prenatal center during a 5 years' period. RESULTS: Among 2439 patients of the prenatal center, 196 (8%) patients with fetal MRI were included...
March 23, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343558/simulator-based-obstetric-ultrasound-training-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-study
#18
Hadar Rosen, Rory Windrim, Yee Man Lee, Lara Gotha, Vsevolod Perelman, Stefania Ronzoni
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of simulator-based and patient-based obstetric ultrasound training. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. Eighteen consenting obstetric trainees with minimal previous ultrasound exposure were recruited. Enrolled patients were also fully consenting. Mid-trimester fetal brain anatomy in the standard planes (i.e., biparietal diameter and head circumference, cavum septum pellucidum, posterior fossa, and lateral ventricle) was chosen as a surrogate for all fetal anatomy ultrasound training...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339133/prospective-comparison-of-diagnostic-accuracy-between-point-of-care-and-conventional-ultrasound-in-a-general-diagnostic-department-implications-for-resource-limited-settings
#19
Steffen J A Haider, Roberta diFlorio-Alexander, David H Lam, Joo Y Cho, Jae Ho Sohn, Robert Harris
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of hand-held point of care (POC) versus conventional sonography in a general diagnostic setting with the intention to inform medical providers or clinicians on the rational use of POC ultrasound in resource limited settings. METHODS: Over 3 months in 2010, 47 patients were prospectively enrolled at a single academic center to obtain 54 clinical conventional ultrasound examinations and 54 study-only POC ultrasound examinations...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326210/cesarean-scar-endometriosis-an-uncommon-surgical-complication-on-the-rise-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Imane Khachani, Abdelhai Filali Adib, Rachid Bezad
Endometriosis is defined by the presence and growth of ectopic functional endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Scar endometriosis has been described following obstetrical and gynecological surgery. It is a rare condition, though probably on the rise, due to the considerable increase of cesarean sections performed worldwide. Its physiopathology is complex; its symptomatology is rich and diverse but thorough clinical examination along with ultrasound imaging and potentially pretherapeutic cytologic evaluation are usually efficient in diagnosing the condition...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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