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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940964/graphene-oxide-membranes-with-heterogeneous-nanodomains-for-efficient-co2-separations
#1
Shaofei Wang, Yu Xie, Guangwei He, Qingping Xin, Jinhui Zhang, Leixin Yang, Yifan Li, Hong Wu, Yuzhong Zhang, Michael D Guiver, Zhongyi Jiang
Achieving high membrane performance in terms of gas permeance and carbon dioxide selectivity is an important target in carbon capture. Aiming to manipulate the channel affinity towards CO2 to implement efficient separations, we report gas separation membranes containing CO2-philic and non-CO2-philic nanodomains in the interlayer channels of graphene oxide (GO), by intercalating poly(ethylene glycol) diamines (PEGDA). PEGDA reacts with epoxy groups on the GO surface, constructing CO2-philic nanodomains and rendering a high sorption capacity, whereas unreacted GO surfaces give non-CO2-philic nanodomains, rendering low-friction diffusion...
September 21, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920748/investigation-of-the-transport-and-absorption-of-angelica-sinensis-polysaccharide-through-gastrointestinal-tract-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Kaiping Wang, Fang Cheng, Xianglin Pan, Tao Zhou, Xiqiu Liu, Ziming Zheng, Li Luo, Yu Zhang
To investigate the absorption and delivery of ASP in gastrointestinal (GI) tract, cASP was successfully synthesized by chemically modifying with succinic anhydride and then conjugating with a near infrared fluorescent dye Cy5.5. Then, the capacity of oral absorption of cASP was evaluated. The results demonstrated that cASP had low toxicity and no disruption on the integrity of cell membrane. The endocytosis of cASP into the epithelial cells was time- and energy-dependent, which was mediated by macropinocytosis pathway and clathrin- and caveolae (or lipid raft)-related routes...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913582/glyphosate-ab-sorption-by-shoots-and-rhizomes-of-native-versus-hybrid-cattail-typha
#3
Tianye Zheng, Nora B Sutton, Pim de Jager, Richard Grosshans, Sirajum Munira, Annemieke Farenhorst
Wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region of North America are integrated with farmland and contain mixtures of herbicide contaminants. Passive nonfacilitated diffusion is how most herbicides can move across plant membranes, making this perhaps an important process by which herbicide contaminants are absorbed by wetland vegetation. Prairie wetlands are dominated by native cattail (Typha latifolia) and hybrid cattail (Typha x glauca). The objective of this batch equilibrium study was to compare glyphosate absorption by the shoots and rhizomes of native versus hybrid cattails...
September 14, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847092/development-of-a-novel-biochar-psf-mixed-matrix-membrane-and-study-of-key-parameters-in-treatment-of-copper-and-lead-contaminated-water
#4
Jinsong He, Yihua Song, J Paul Chen
Mixed matrix membrane (MMM) has attracted increasing attentions in various applications, such as water treatment. In this study, an innovative biochar/polysulfone (PSF) mixed matrix hollow fiber membrane was fabricated by incorporating micro-sized biochar particles in the PSF matrix. It was demonstrated that the membrane was more hydrophilic than the pure PSF membrane. Higher water flux was obtained. The adsorption of copper and lead on the MMM increased as the pH was increased with the maximum adsorption capacity observed at pH > 4...
November 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821240/avbd1-nucleotide-polymorphisms-peptide-antimicrobial-activities-and-microbial-colonisation-of-the-broiler-chicken-gut
#5
Kevin Cadwell, Sherko S Niranji, Vanessa L Armstrong, Catherine A Mowbray, Richard Bailey, Kellie A Watson, Judith Hall
BACKGROUND: The importance of poultry as a global source of protein underpins the chicken genome and associated SNP data as key tools in selecting and breeding healthy robust birds with improved disease resistance. SNPs affecting host peptides involved in the innate defences tend to be rare, but three non-synonymous SNPs in the avian β-defensin (AvBD1) gene encoding the variant peptides NYH, SSY and NYY were identified that segregated specifically to three lines of commercial broiler chickens Line X (LX), Line Y(LY) and Line Z...
August 18, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797964/enhancing-biodegradation-of-c16-alkyl-quaternary-ammonium-compounds-using-an-oxygen-based-membrane-biofilm-reactor
#6
YenJung Sean Lai, Aura Ontiveros-Valencia, Zehra Esra Ilhan, Yun Zhou, Evelyn Miranda, Juan Maldonado, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown, Bruce E Rittmann
Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) (e.g., hexadecyltrimethyl-ammonium bromide, CTAB) are emerging contaminants with widespread use as surfactants and disinfectants. Because the initial step of QAC biodegradation is mono-oxygenation, QAC degraders require O2, but normal aeration leads to serious foaming. Here, we developed and tested an oxygen-based membrane biofilm reactor (O2-MBfR) that delivers O2 by diffusion through the walls of hollow-membranes to a biofilm accumulating on the outer surface of membranes...
July 2, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793192/sulfonic-membrane-sorption-and-permeation-properties-complementary-approaches-to-select-a-membrane-for-pervaporation
#7
C Chappey, K Fatyeyeva, E Rynkowska, W Kujawski, L Karpenko-Jereb, A-M Kelterer, S Marais
In this contribution, the physical and chemical properties of the dense sulfonic membrane IonClad R4010 in the lithium form were studied to evaluate its potential application in pervaporation. To develop new membrane materials, it is necessary to know the influence of the membrane structure on the membrane equilibrium and transport properties. For this purpose, the sorption and permeation measurements of water and methanol in the liquid and vapor states were performed and correlated to the ion pairs/solvent interactions analyzed by the infrared spectroscopy...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782664/intra-session-and-inter-session-variability-of-nitric-oxide-pulmonary-diffusing-capacity-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Thomas Radtke, Christian Benden, Marion Maggi-Beba, Susi Kriemler, Ivo van der Lee, Holger Dressel
We evaluated the intra-session and inter-session variability of the diffusing capacity of nitric oxide (DLNO), carbon monoxide (DLCO), alveolar-capillary membrane diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DMCO) and pulmonary capillary blood volume (Vc) in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Patients performed single-breath diffusing capacity measurements during all of 3 consecutive study visits. Precision of gas diffusing parameters was quantified by within-subject standard deviation (SDws) and coefficient of variation (CV)...
August 3, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772627/bppo-based-anion-exchange-membranes-for-acid-recovery-via-diffusion-dialysis
#9
Muhammad Imran Khan, Rafael Luque, Pepijn Prinsen, Aziz Ur Rehman, Saima Anjum, Muhammad Nawaz, Aqeela Shaheen, Shagufta Zafar, Mujahid Mustaqeem
To reduce the environmental impact of acids present in various industrial wastes, improved and robust anion exchange membranes (AEMs) are highly desired. Moreover, they should exhibit high retention of salts, fast acid permeation and they should be able to operate with low energy input. In this work, AEMs are prepared using a facile solution-casting from brominated poly-(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (BPPO) and increasing amounts of 2-phenylimidazole (PI). Neither quaternary ammonium salts, nor ionic liquids and silica-containing compounds are involved in the synthesis...
March 7, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769101/allostimulatory-capacity-of-conditionally-immortalized-proximal-tubule-cell-lines-for-bioartificial-kidney-application
#10
Milos Mihajlovic, Lambertus P van den Heuvel, Joost G Hoenderop, Jitske Jansen, Martijn J Wilmer, Annemarie J F Westheim, Wil A Allebes, Dimitrios Stamatialis, Luuk B Hilbrands, Rosalinde Masereeuw
Novel renal replacement therapies, such as a bioartificial kidney (BAK), are needed to improve current hemodialysis treatment of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. As BAK applications may reveal safety concerns, we assessed the alloimmunization and related safety aspects of readily available conditionally immortalized human proximal tubule epithelial cell (ciPTEC) lines to be used in BAK. Two ciPTEC lines, originally derived from urine and kidney tissue, were characterized for the expression and secretion of relevant molecules involved in alloimmunization and inflammatory responses, such as HLA class-I, HLA-DR, CD40, CD80, CD86, as wells as soluble HLA class I and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α)...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767129/the-role-of-euglena-gracilis-paramylon-in-modulating-xylem-hormone-levels-photosynthesis-and-water-use-efficiency-in-solanum-lycopersicum-l
#11
Andrea Scartazza, Piero Picciarelli, Lorenzo Mariotti, Maurizio Curadi, Laura Barsanti, Paolo Gualtieri
β-1,3-glucans such as paramylon act as elicitors in plants, modifying the hormonal levels and the physiological responses. Plant hormones affect all phases of the plant life cycle and their responses to environmental stresses, both biotic and abiotic. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a root treatment with Euglena gracilis paramylon on xylem hormonal levels, photosynthetic performance and dehydration stress in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Paramylon granules were processed to obtain the linear fibrous structures capable to interact with tomato cell membrane...
August 2, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767072/insights-into-the-mechanisms-involved-in-strong-hemorrhage-and-dermonecrosis-induced-by-atroxlysin-ia-a-pi-class-snake-venom-metalloproteinase
#12
Luciana Aparecida Freitas-de-Sousa, Mônica Colombini, Mônica Lopes-Ferreira, Solange M T Serrano, Ana Maria Moura-da-Silva
Hemorrhage is the most prominent effect of snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) in human envenomation. The capillary injury is a multifactorial effect caused by hydrolysis of the components of the basement membrane (BM). The PI and PIII classes of SVMPs are abundant in viperid venoms and hydrolyze BM components. However, hemorrhage is associated mostly with PIII-class SVMPs that contain non-catalytic domains responsible for the binding of SVMPs to BM proteins, facilitating enzyme accumulation in the tissue and enhancing its catalytic efficiency...
August 2, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759793/modelling-recovery-of-ammonium-from-urine-by-electro-concentration-in-a-3-chamber-cell
#13
Emma Thompson Brewster, Johannes Jermakka, Stefano Freguia, Damien J Batstone
Electro-concentration enables treatment and nutrient recovery from source-separated urine, and is a potential technology for on-site treatment using a 3 compartment configuration that has anode, cathode and middle concentrate compartments. There is a particular focus on driving concentration towards the precipitation threshold in the concentrate compartment to generate solid ammonium salts, including ammonium bicarbonate. To evaluate controlling mechanisms and the feasibility of achieving high concentrations, a dynamic mechanistic model was developed and validated using experiments with synthetic urine...
July 20, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723110/portable-sensor-for-the-detection-of-choline-and-its-derivatives-based-on-silica-isoporous-membrane-and-gellified-nanointerfaces
#14
Lisiqi Xie, Xiao Huang, Bin Su
A portable amperometric ion sensor was fabricated by integrating silica isoporous membrane (SIM) and organogel composed of polyvinyl chloride and 1,2-dichloroethane (PVC-DCE) on a 3D-printed polymer chip. The detection of ionic species in aqueous samples could be accomplished by adding a microliter of sample droplet to the sensor and by identifying the ion-transfer potential and current magnitude at the water/organogel interface array templated by SIM. Thanks to the ultrasmall channel size (2-3 nm in diameter), high channel density (4 × 10(8) μm(-2)), and ultrathin thickness (80 nm) of SIM, the ensemble of nanoscopic water/organogel (nano-W/Gel) interface array behaved like a microinterface with two back-to-back hemispherical mass diffusion zones...
June 23, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719106/altered-pulmonary-gas-transfer-capacity-and-capillary-blood-volume-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease
#15
Marie Verstraete, Marie-Luce Choukroun, Valerie Siao-Him Fa, Michael Fayon, Laurent Rebouissoux, Raphael Enaud, Thierry Lamireau
OBJECTIVES: To describe diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and its components, that is, membrane diffusing capacity (DmCO) and pulmonary capillary blood volume (Vc) in children with Crohn's disease (CD), and to investigate the correlation between these parameters and disease activity. WORKING HYPOTHESIS: The most common lung function abnormalities are a reduced pulmonary DLCO and small airways disorders which are in many instances, clinically silent. No valid explanations have been proposed regarding the modifications in gas transfer capacity in active CD...
August 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690622/nitrogen-metabolism-in-adaptation-of-photosynthesis-to-water-stress-in-rice-grown-under-different-nitrogen-levels
#16
Chu Zhong, Xiaochuang Cao, Jijie Hu, Lianfeng Zhu, Junhua Zhang, Jianliang Huang, Qianyu Jin
To investigate the role of nitrogen (N) metabolism in the adaptation of photosynthesis to water stress in rice, a hydroponic experiment supplying with low N (0.72 mM), moderate N (2.86 mM), and high N (7.15 mM) followed by 150 g⋅L(-1) PEG-6000 induced water stress was conducted in a rainout shelter. Water stress induced stomatal limitation to photosynthesis at low N, but no significant effect was observed at moderate and high N. Non-photochemical quenching was higher at moderate and high N. In contrast, relative excessive energy at PSII level (EXC) was declined with increasing N level...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635032/amino-functionalized-zif-7-nanocrystals-improved-intrinsic-separation-ability-and-interfacial-compatibility-in-mixed-matrix-membranes-for-co2-ch4-separation
#17
Long Xiang, Luqian Sheng, Chongqing Wang, Lixiong Zhang, Yichang Pan, Yanshuo Li
Highly permeable and selective, as well as plasticization-resistant membranes are desired as promising alternatives for cost- and energy-effective CO2 separation. Here, robust mixed-matrix membranes based on an amino-functionalized zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-7 (ZIF-7-NH2 ) and crosslinked poly(ethylene oxide) rubbery polymer are successfully fabricated with filler loadings up to 36 wt%. The ZIF-7-NH2 materials synthesized from in situ substitution of 2-aminobenzimidazole into the ZIF-7 structure exhibit enlarged aperture size compared with monoligand ZIF-7...
August 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607172/tweety-homolog-1-drives-brain-colonization-of-gliomas
#18
Erik Jung, Matthias Osswald, Jonas Blaes, Benedikt Wiestler, Felix Sahm, Torsten Schmenger, Gergely Solecki, Katrin Deumelandt, Felix T Kurz, Ruifan Xie, Sophie Weil, Oliver Heil, Carina Thomé, Miriam Gömmel, Mustafa Syed, Peter Häring, Peter E Huber, Sabine Heiland, Michael Platten, Andreas von Deimling, Wolfgang Wick, Frank Winkler
Early and progressive colonization of the healthy brain is one hallmark of diffuse gliomas, including glioblastomas. We recently discovered ultralong (>10 to hundreds of microns) membrane protrusions [tumor microtubes (TMs)] extended by glioma cells. TMs have been associated with the capacity of glioma cells to effectively invade the brain and proliferate. Moreover, TMs are also used by some tumor cells to interconnect to one large, resistant multicellular network. Here, we performed a correlative gene-expression microarray and in vivo imaging analysis, and identified novel molecular candidates for TM formation and function...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571540/caffeic-acid-in-dermatological-formulations-in-vitro-release-profile-and-skin-absorption
#19
Caroline Magnani Spagnol, Leonardo Delello Di Filippo, Vera Lucia Borges Isaac, Marcos Antonio Corrêa, Hérida Regina Nunes Salgado
Caffeic acid (CA) is a cinnamic acid derivative, found in many vegetable products, with powerful antioxidant activity, the ability to increase collagen production and capacity to prevent premature aging of the skin. The classic emulsions of CA are widely used by the consumer to provide a pleasant, refreshing sensorial experience; however, preparations developed in the form of dry film are presented as a technological alternative due to its facile and safe transportation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the release, permeation, and retention of CA in a film and emulsion through in vitro experiments...
June 1, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554819/interstitial-lung-fluid-balance-in-healthy-lowlanders-exposed-to-high-altitude
#20
Bryan J Taylor, Glenn M Stewart, Jan W Marck, Douglas T Summerfield, Amine N Issa, Bruce D Johnson
We aimed to assess lung fluid balance before and after gradual ascent to 5150m. Lung diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), alveolar-capillary membrane conductance (DmCO) and ultrasound lung comets (ULCs) were assessed in 12 healthy lowlanders at sea-level, and on Day 1, Day 5 and Day 9 after arrival at Mount Everest Base Camp (EBC). EBC was reached following an 8-day hike at progressively increasing altitudes starting at 2860m. DLCO was unchanged from sea-level to Day 1 at EBC, but increased on Day 5 (11±10%) and Day 9 (10±9%) vs...
September 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
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