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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912074/effects-of-2-types-of-activation-protocols-based-on-postactivation-potentiation-on-50-m-freestyle-performance
#1
Francisco Cuenca-Fernández, Ana Ruiz-Teba, Gracia López-Contreras, Raúl Arellano
Cuenca-Fernández, F, Ruiz-Teba, A, López-Contreras, G, and Arellano, R. Effects of 2 types of activation protocols based on postactivation potentiation on 50-m freestyle performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Postactivation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon which improves muscle contractility, strength, and speed in sporting performances through previously applied maximal or submaximal loads on the muscle system. This study aimed to assess the effects of 2 types of activation protocols based on PAP, on sprint swimming performance...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910410/determinants-and-reasons-for-dropout-in-swimming-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Diogo Monteiro, Luis Cid, Daniel Almeida Marinho, João Moutão, Anabela Vitorino, Teresa Bento
The present research aims to systematically review the determinants and reasons for swimming dropout. The systematic review was conducted through electronic searches on the Web of Knowledge and PsycInfo databases from 2 February to 29 July 2015, using the keywords dropout, withdrawal, motives, reasons, sport, framework-theories, motivation, swim*, review, attrition and compliance. Fifteen studies were found and six were fully reviewed and its data extracted and analysed. Most studies were undertaken in Canada and in the United States of America (USA), and one study was conducted in Spain...
July 10, 2017: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883508/participation-in-work-and-sport-following-reverse-and-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#3
Jennifer Kurowicki, Samuel Rosas, Tsun Yee Law, Johnathan C Levy
Both anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) are routinely performed for patients who desire to continuously work or participate in sports. This study analyzes and compares the ability of patients to work and partake in sports following shoulder arthroplasty based on responses to clinical outcome surveys. A retrospective review of the shoulder surgery repository was performed for all patients treated with TSA and RSA and who completed questions 9 and 10 on the activity patient self-evaluation portion of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Assessment Form...
May 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878984/physiological-responses-to-swimming-repetitive-ice-miles
#4
Beat Knechtle, Mirko Stjepanovic, Celina Knechtle, Thomas Rosemann, Caio V Sousa, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
Knechtle, B, Stjepanovic, M, Knechtle, C, Rosemann, T, Sousa, CV, and Nikolaidis, PT. Physiological responses to swimming repetitive "Ice Miles." J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-"Ice Mile" swimming (i.e., 1,608 m in water of below 5° C) is becoming increasingly popular. Since the foundation of the International Ice Swimming Association (IISA) in 2009, official races are held as World Cup Races and World Championships. Ice swimming was a demonstration sport at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877677/a-systematic-review-on-posterior-circumflex-humeral-artery-pathology-sports-and-professions-at-risk-and-associated-risk-factors
#5
Rik B Kraan, Lisa Beers, Daan van de Pol, Joost G Daams, Mario Maas, P Paul Kuijer
INTRODUCTION: Posterior circumflex humeral artery (PCHA) aneurysm formation and thrombosis as overuse injury in the dominant shoulder can result in ischemia of the forearm, hand and digits due to arterial embolisms. Increased awareness among physicians is necessary as PCHA pathology (PCHAP) might be underdiagnosed. Knowledge of sports and professions at risk and risk-factors for obtaining PCHAP is essential for the development of future preventive measures. This study aims to identify sports and professions at risk as well as risk factors for PCHAP...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863590/influence-of-maximal-strength-on-in-water-and-dry-land-performance-in-young-water-polo-players
#6
Michael Keiner, Holger Rähse, Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Katharina Fries, G Gregory Haff
Keiner, M, Rähse, H, Wirth, K, Hartmann, H, Fries, K, and Haff, GG. Influence of maximal strength on in-water and dry-land performance in young water polo players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Water polo is a multifaceted sport that is characterized by explosive actions, including sprint swimming, jumping, throwing, and struggling against opponents. Based on these factors, maximal and speed strength may be important characteristics to develop in-water polo players. However, more research is needed to further understand the relationship between various strength characteristics and water polo performance...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846980/a-novel-method-to-guide-classification-of-para-swimmers-with-limb-deficiency
#7
Luke Hogarth, Carl Payton, Peter Van de Vliet, Mark Connick, Brendan Burkett
The International Paralympic Committee has directed International Federations that govern Para sports to develop evidence-based classification systems. This study defined the impact of limb deficiency impairment on 100 m freestyle performance to guide an evidence-based classification system in Para Swimming, which will be implemented following the 2020 Tokyo Paralympic games. Impairment data and competitive race performances of 90 international swimmers with limb deficiency were collected. Ensemble partial least squares regression established the relationship between relative limb length measures and competitive 100 m freestyle performance...
May 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809072/concurrent-training-for-sports-performance-the-two-sides-of-the-medal
#8
Nicolas Berryman, Inigo Mujika, Laurent Bosquet
The classical work by Robert C. Hickson showed in 1980 that the addition of a resistance training protocol to a predominantly aerobic program could lead to impaired leg strength adaptations in comparison to a resistance-only training regimen. This interference phenomenon was later highlighted in many reports, including a meta-analysis. However, it seems that the interference effect has not been consistently reported, probably because of the complex interactions between training variables and methodological issues...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789488/superhydrophobic-natural-and-artificial-surfaces-a-structural-approach
#9
REVIEW
Roxana-Elena Avrămescu, Mihaela Violeta Ghica, Cristina Dinu-Pîrvu, Răzvan Prisada, Lăcrămioara Popa
Since ancient times humans observed animal and plants features and tried to adapt them according to their own needs. Biomimetics represents the foundation of many inventions from various fields: From transportation devices (helicopter, airplane, submarine) and flying techniques, to sports' wear industry (swimming suits, scuba diving gear, Velcro closure system), bullet proof vests made from Kevlar etc. It is true that nature provides numerous noteworthy models (shark skin, spider web, lotus leaves), referring both to the plant and animal kingdom...
May 22, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786624/relationship-between-dryland-strength-and-swimming-performance-pull-up-mechanics-as-a-predictor-of-swimming-speed
#10
José I Pérez-Olea, Pedro L Valenzuela, Concepción Aponte, Mikel Izquierdo
Pérez-Olea, JI, Valenzuela, PL, Aponte, C, and Izquierdo, M. Relationship between dryland strength and swimming performance: pull-up mechanics as a predictor of swimming speed. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1637-1642, 2018-This study aimed to examine the validity of the countermovement jump (CMJ) and the pull-up exercise as predictors of swimming performance. Twelve young male swimmers (Mean ± SD, 19 ± 3 years; 75 ± 10 kg; 180 ± 6 cm) with a homogenous level of performance (50-m freestyle time [50F]: 26.41 ± 1...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730533/establishing-the-reliability-of-a-novel-battery-of-range-of-motion-tests-to-enable-evidence-based-classification-in-para-swimming
#11
Vaughan P Nicholson, Jemima G Spathis, Luke W Hogarth, Mark J Connick, Emma M Beckman, Sean M Tweedy, Carl J Payton, Brendan J Burkett
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability of swimming-specific range of movement tests developed in order to permit evidenced-based classification in the sport of para swimming. DESIGN: Test-retest intra- and inter-examiner reliability. SETTING: International Swimming training camps and university exercise science departments. PARTICIPANTS: 42 non-disabled participants (mean age 23.2 years) and 24 Para swimmers (mean age 28...
April 30, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729757/editorial-commentary-don-t-forgot-the-hip-in-swimmers-and-multisport-athletes
#12
EDITORIAL
Merrick J Wetzler
Swimming results in significant and repetitive stress on the hip as well as other joints, and hip pain in swimmers should not be ignored. Stretching and strengthening are the mainstays of injury prevention, and recent literature supports that when indicated, femoroacetabular impingement surgical treatment in swimmers results in excellent outcomes including return to sport and frequently at a level of performance superior to pre-injury status.
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722578/a-review-of-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-in-artistic-synchronized-swimming
#13
Sherry Robertson, Margo Mountjoy
The syndrome Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) is a clinical entity characterized by low energy availability (LEA), which can negatively affect the health and performance of both male and female athletes. The underlying mechanism of RED-S is an inadequacy of dietary energy to support optimal health and performance. This syndrome refers to impaired physiological function including metabolic rate, menstrual function, bone health, immunity, protein synthesis, and cardiovascular health, with psychological consequences which can either precede (through restrictive dietary habits) or result from RED-S...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657481/getting-back-in-the-game-after-humeral-head-resurfacing
#14
Matthias Bülhoff, Boris Sowa, Thomas Bruckner, Patric Raiss, Felix Zeifang
Background: Aim of this investigation was to analyze whether patients undergoing humeral head resurfacing (HHR) surgery are able to successfully return to their sports and occupation afterwards. Materials and methods: Fifty patients treated with CUP (HHR) arthroplasty were included. Two groups were built: Patients who have participated in sports less than 5 years prior surgery (Group 1: n = 42 (84%)) and patients who have never participated in sports (Group 2: n = 8 (16%))...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627092/performance-characteristics-of-para-swimmers-how-effective-is-the-swimming-classification-system
#15
REVIEW
Brendan Burkett, Carl Payton, Peter Van de Vliet, Hannah Jarvis, Daniel Daly, Christiane Mehrkuehler, Marvin Kilian, Luke Hogarth
Swimming is one of the inaugural sports within the Olympic and Paralympic Games, the key difference between the Olympic and Paralympic games being the classification system. The aim of this study was to investigate how effective the current classification system creates clearly differentiated Paralympic competition classes, based on performance time for all swimming strokes and events. Based on the performance characteristics of swimmers within the current classification system, the relationship between impairment and swimming performance is inconsistent, potentially disadvantaging some athletes...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614934/life-after-sport-swimming-through-transitions
#16
Rachel A Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599877/motivational-climate-sport-youth-scale-measurement-invariance-across-gender-and-five-different-sports
#17
Diogo Monteiro, Carla Chicau Borrego, Carlos Silva, João Moutão, Daniel Almeida Marinho, Luís Cid
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Motivational Climate Sport Youth Scale (MCSYSp) and invariance across gender and different sports (swimming, soccer, handball, basketball, futsal). A total of 4,569 athletes (3,053 males, 1,516 females) from soccer (1,098), swimming (1,049), basketball (1,754), futsal (340), and handball (328) participated in this study, with ages between 10 and 20 years (M = 15.13; SD = 1.95). The results show that the original model (two factors/12 items) did not adjust to the data in a satisfactory way; therefore, it was necessary to change the model by removing four items (two from each factor)...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594176/scapular-dyskinesis-in-young-asymptomatic-elite-swimmers
#18
Jacopo Preziosi Standoli, Francesco Fratalocchi, Vittorio Candela, Tiziano Preziosi Standoli, Giuseppe Giannicola, Marco Bonifazi, Stefano Gumina
Background: Overhead athletes are at a greater risk of developing scapular dyskinesis (SD). Although swimming is considered an overhead sport, information regarding SD in these athletes is scarce. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of SD in young, asymptomatic elite swimmers. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 661 asymptomatic elite swimmers were enrolled in this study (344 male, 317 female; mean age, 15...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571233/blood-lactate-accumulation-during-competitive-freediving-and-synchronized-swimming
#19
Lara RodrÍguez-Zamora, Harald K Engan, Angelica Lodin-Sundström, Fanny Schagatay, Xavier Iglesias, Ferran A Rodríguez, Erika Schagatay
A number of competitive water sports are performed while breath-holding (apnea). Such performances put large demands on the anaerobic system, but the study of lactate accumulation in apneic sports is limited. We therefore aimed to determine and compare the net lactate accumulation (NLA) during competition events in six disciplines of competitive freediving (FD) and three disciplines of synchronized swimming (SSW). The FD disciplines were: static apnea (STA; n = 14); dynamic apnea (DYN; n = 19); dynamic apnea no fins (DNF; n = 16); constant weight (CWT; n = 12); constant weight no fins (CNF; n = 8); free immersion (FIM; n =10)...
January 2018: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568701/reliability-and-concurrent-validity-of-the-iphone-%C3%A2-compass-application-to-measure-thoracic-rotation-range-of-motion-rom-in-healthy-participants
#20
James Furness, Ben Schram, Alistair J Cox, Sarah L Anderson, Justin Keogh
Background: Several water-based sports (swimming, surfing and stand up paddle boarding) require adequate thoracic mobility (specifically rotation) in order to perform the appropriate activity requirements. The measurement of thoracic spine rotation is problematic for clinicians due to a lack of convenient and reliable measurement techniques. More recently, smartphones have been used to quantify movement in various joints in the body; however, there appears to be a paucity of research using smartphones to assess thoracic spine movement...
2018: PeerJ
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