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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199780/effects-of-increased-training-volume-during-a-10-day-training-camp-on-competitive-performance-in-national-level-youth-swimmers
#1
Frank J Nugent, Thomas M Comyns, Giles D Warrington
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of increased training volume during a 10 day training camp on competitive performance and internal training load (ITL). In addition, coach and swimmer rating of perceived exertion (RPE) for each session was compared. METHODS: Ten national level swimmers (Gender: 4 males and 6 females; age: 15±1 years; height: 170.5±6.4 cm; body mass: 61.4±7.4 kg) participated in the training camp which involved a 36% increase in swimming volume...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185624/the-effect-of-adapted-sports-in-quality-of-life-and-biopsychosocial-profile-of-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Luzanira Correia Feitosa, Sandra Regina Baggio Muzzolon, Danielle Caldas Bufara Rodrigues, Ana Chrystina de Souza Crippa, Marise Bueno Zonta
OBJECTIVE: The participation in sports and recreational activities promotes inclusion and the quality of life (QOL) for people with some type of disability. This study aims to evaluate and describe the effect of adapted sports (AS) on the QOL and biopsychosocial profile of children/adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Forty-seven children/adolescents with CP were evaluated and referred to AS (soccer and swimming). The QOL was evaluated by the Pediatric Outcome Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) and the biopsychosocial profile by the Behavior Checklist for Children/Adolescents (CBCL)...
October 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181257/shoulder-pain-in-competitive-teenage-swimmers-and-it-s-prevention-a-retrospective-epidemiological-cross-sectional-study-of-prevalence
#3
Monica Tessaro, Giorgio Granzotto, Antonio Poser, Giuseppe Plebani, Alex Rossi
Background: The term "swimmer's shoulder" was first introduced in 1974 by Kennedy and Hawkins to describe a common condition among competitive swimmers characterized by pain and dysfunction of the shoulder complex. Currently, the term does not define a specific clinical diagnosis and its etiology is considered to be multifactorial. In the literature shoulder pain prevalence varies according to the adopted definitions (from 3% to 91%); however, in the Italian environment there is no prevalence study regarding swimmer shoulder...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112280/characterization-and-correlates-of-exercise-among-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#4
Jason M Nagata, Jennifer L Carlson, Jessica M Kao, Neville H Golden, Stuart B Murray, Rebecka Peebles
OBJECTIVE: To characterize exercise behaviors among adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN), atypical AN, or bulimia nervosa (BN), and determine associations between exercise and medical risk. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic medical records of all patients evaluated by the Eating Disorder Program at Stanford between January 1997 and February 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: 1,083 subjects (961 females, 122 males; mean age 15...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074477/sport-sex-and-age-increase-risk-of-illness-at-the-rio-2016-summer-paralympic-games-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-51-198-athlete-days
#5
Wayne Derman, Martin P Schwellnus, Esme Jordaan, Phoebe Runciman, Cheri Blauwet, Nick Webborn, Jan Lexell, Peter Van de Vliet, Yetsa Tuakli-Wosornu, James Kissick, Jaap Stomphorst
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. METHODS: A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.5% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system (WEB-IISS) over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Illness data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support through the WEB-IISS electronic data capturing systems...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071115/acceptability-and-perceptions-of-end-users-towards-an-online-sports-health-surveillance-system
#6
Saulo Delfino Barboza, Caroline Silveira Bolling, Joske Nauta, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
AIM: To describe the acceptability and the perceptions of athletes and staff members (ie, end-users) towards an online sports-health surveillance system. METHODS: A pilot study with a mixed-methods approach was pursued. Descriptive analysis was conducted to present the adherence of judo (n=34), swimming (n=21) and volleyball (n=14) athletes to an online registration of their sport exposure and any health complaints between April 2014 and January 2015. End-users' perceptions towards the system were investigated qualitatively with semistructured interviews (n=21)...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057989/physical-therapy-is-targeted-and-adjusted-over-time-for-the-rehabilitation-of-locomotor-function-in-acute-spinal-cord-injury-interventions-in-physical-and-sports-therapy
#7
Martina Franz, Lea Richner, Markus Wirz, Anne von Reumont, Ulla Bergner, Tanja Herzog, Werner Popp, Kathrin Bach, Norbert Weidner, Armin Curt
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational multicenter study. OBJECTIVES: Investigation of content, duration and adjustment of physical therapy for the rehabilitation of ambulation in acute spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: European Multicenter Study of SCI (EMSCI). METHODS: Physical therapy interventions during acute in-patient rehabilitation of eighty incomplete SCI patients (AIS B, C, D all lesion levels) were recorded using the SCI - Intervention Classification System...
October 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031474/sport-time-pressure-and-cognitive-performance
#8
Chia N Chiu, Chiao-Yun Chen, Neil G Muggleton
Sport participation, fitness, and expertise have been associated with a range of cognitive benefits in a range of populations but both the factors that confer such benefits and the nature of the resulting changes are relatively unclear. Additionally, the interactions between time pressure and cognitive performance for these groups is little studied. Using a flanker task, which measures the ability to selectively process information, and with different time limits for responding, we investigated the differences in performance for participants in (1) an unpredictable, open-skill sport (volleyball), (2) an exercise group engaged in predictable, closed-skill sports (running, swimming), and (3) nonsporting controls...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021905/the-waterpolo-shoulder-paradigm-results-of-ultrasound-surveillance-at-poolside
#9
Felice Galluccio, Eleonora Bellucci, Francesco Porta, Lorenzo Tofani, Amato De Paulis, Diana Bianchedi, Tatiana Barskova, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
BACKGROUND: Waterpolo consists of a combination of swimming and throwing with close contact between players. The shoulder is the most frequently injured joint, with a combination of rotator cuff tear and tendinopathy, long head biceps tendinopathy, superior labral lesions and shoulder impingement. This unique combination is a challenge for the clinician who must determine which of these shoulder pathologies is responsible for the onset of pain and the best strategy to rehabilitate the joint and prevent recurrence...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967242/clinical-evaluation-of-static-scapular-posture-in-overhead-athletes-with-asymptomatic-shoulder-injuries
#10
Maria Papandreou, Evripidis Diamantis, Vasiliki-Ioanna Vrachlioti, Evdokia Billis, John Gliatis
BACKGROUND: Several etiologic factors have been postulated in overhead athletes according to their shoulder injuries, such as the scapular posture asymmetries. The measurement of the acromion border distance has been considered as reliable clinical test for evaluating the static scapula posture. The aim of this study was to quantify the differences in scapular posture between the dominant and non-dominant shoulders in two static positions in volleyball and swimmers athletes with asymptomatic shoulder injuries using the sliding calliper device...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/the-epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#11
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919494/shoulder-injury-in-water-polo-a-systematic-review-of-incidence-and-intrinsic-risk-factors
#12
REVIEW
Andrea H Miller, Kerrie Evans, Roger Adams, Gordon Waddington, Jeremy Witchalls
OBJECTIVES: Water polo is a popular water-based contact sport that involves swimming, throwing and defending. Cumulatively, these repetitive overhead activities are thought to increase the risk of shoulder injury and, subsequently to affect players' physical conditioning as well as team performance. The purpose of this review was to examine available evidence relating to shoulder injury rates and risk factors for shoulder injury in water polo. DESIGN: Systematic review METHODS: CINAHL, AUSPORT, Pubmed, Pedro and SPORTDiscus databases were searched for original research papers using the predefined terms ("water polo") AND (shoulder OR glenohumeral* OR arm OR "upper limb")...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#13
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886923/the-effect-of-12-month-participation-in-osteogenic-and-non-osteogenic-sports-on-bone-development-in-adolescent-male-athletes-the-pro-bone-study
#14
Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Alan R Barker, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Francisco B Ortega, Peter Krustrup, Brad Metcalf, Jose Castro Pinero, Jonatan R Ruiz, Karen M Knapp, Craig A Williams, Luis A Moreno, Luis Gracia-Marco
OBJECTIVES: Research investigating the longitudinal effects of the most popular sports on bone development in adolescent males is scarce. The aim is to investigate the effect of 12-month participation in osteogenic and non-osteogenic sports on bone development. DESIGN: A 12-month study was conducted in adolescent males involved in football, swimming and cycling and compared with an active control group. METHODS: 116 adolescent males (13.1±0...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885646/relationship-between-clinical-results-of-total-hip-replacement-and-postoperative-activities-including-weeding-and-snow-shovelling
#15
Hiroaki Kijima, Shin Yamada, Natsuo Konishi, Hitoshi Kubota, Hiroshi Tazawa, Takayuki Tani, Norio Suzuki, Keiji Kamo, Yoshihiko Okudera, Ken Sasaki, Tetsuya Kawano, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Yoichi Shimada
INTRODUCTION: Weeding or snow shovelling is indispensable for life in farm villages of northern countries. Clarifying the relationships between the degrees of these activities after total hip replacement (THR) and the clinical results of THR may enable us to predict the results of THR for high-level activity patients. The relationships between work activities after THR and the results were investigated. METHODS: The subjects were 95 post-THR patients, who consulted 6 hospitals in August 2012...
September 7, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882467/muscle-activation-behavior-in-a-swimming-exergame-differences-by-experience-and-gaming-velocity
#16
Pooya Soltani, Pedro Figueiredo, Ricardo J Fernandes, João Paulo Vilas-Boas
The effects of playing intensity and prior exergame and sport experience on the activation patterns of upper limb muscles during a swimming exergame were investigated. Surface electromyography of Biceps Brachii, Triceps Brachii, Latissimus Dorsi, Upper Trapezius, and Erector Spinae of twenty participants was recorded, and the game play was divided into normal and fast. Mean muscle activation, normalized to maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), ranged from 4.9 to 95.2%MVIC and differed between normal and fast swimming for all techniques (p<0...
November 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828083/increased-prevalence-of-the-il-6-174c-genetic-polymorphism-in-long-distance-swimmers
#17
Sigal Ben-Zaken, Yoav Meckel, Dan Nemet, Eias Kassem, Alon Eliakim
The IL-6 -174G/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) functionally affects IL-6 activity, with the G-allele associated with increased IL-6 levels. The C-allele was found to be associated with exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between the IL-6 -174G/C polymorphism and athletic performance among elite swimmers and runners. The study sample included 180 track and field athletes and 80 swimmers. Track and field athletes were assigned to three sub-groups: long-distance runners, middle-distance runners and short-distance runners...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818063/variations-in-adolescents-motivational-characteristics-across-gender-and-physical-activity-patterns-a-latent-class-analysis-approach
#18
Margaret Lawler, Caroline Heary, Elizabeth Nixon
BACKGROUND: Neglecting to take account of the underlying context or type of physical activity (PA) that underpins overall involvement has resulted in a limited understanding of adolescents' PA participation. The purpose of the present research was to identify male and female adolescents' leisure time PA patterns and examine whether psychological processes derived from self-determination theory differ as a function of the pattern of PA undertaken. METHODS: Nine hundred ninety-five students (61...
August 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810991/posterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-associated-with-military-survival-swim-training
#19
Michael S Crowell, John S Mason, Matthew A Posner, Chad A Haley
OBJECTIVES: Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are relatively common injuries associated with athletic activities and high-energy trauma. Posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries frequently accompany injury to the PCL. Diagnosis can be challenging and requires a comprehensive history and physical examination. Patients frequently report vague, nonspecific symptoms and the mechanism of injury is often useful in localizing injured structures. Two of the more common mechanisms for PCL injury include a direct blow to the proximal anterior tibia with the knee flexed, as well as a significant knee hyperextension injury...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808766/water-penetration-of-grommets-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Yousef Ibrahim, Paul Fram, Gavin Hughes, Pete Phillips, David Owens
The insertion of grommets has been one of the most common procedures carried out by ENT surgeons for patients with persistent middle ear fluid. There has always been apprehension at the use of grommets by patients undertaking swimming or other water sports due to concerns of grommet penetration by water into the middle ear. Despite this, no common consensus exists amongst otolaryngologists regarding post-operative advice following grommet insertion. Most studies focus on surface swimming and do not consider other activities such as diving that patients may undertake...
August 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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