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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657481/getting-back-in-the-game-after-humeral-head-resurfacing
#1
Matthias Bülhoff, Boris Sowa, Thomas Bruckner, Patric Raiss, Felix Zeifang
Background: Aim of this investigation was to analyze whether patients undergoing humeral head resurfacing (HHR) surgery are able to successfully return to their sports and occupation afterwards. Materials and methods: Fifty patients treated with CUP (HHR) arthroplasty were included. Two groups were built: Patients who have participated in sports less than 5 years prior surgery (Group 1: n = 42 (84%)) and patients who have never participated in sports (Group 2: n = 8 (16%))...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627092/performance-characteristics-of-para-swimmers-how-effective-is-the-swimming-classification-system
#2
REVIEW
Brendan Burkett, Carl Payton, Peter Van de Vliet, Hannah Jarvis, Daniel Daly, Christiane Mehrkuehler, Marvin Kilian, Luke Hogarth
Swimming is one of the inaugural sports within the Olympic and Paralympic Games, the key difference between the Olympic and Paralympic games being the classification system. The aim of this study was to investigate how effective the current classification system creates clearly differentiated Paralympic competition classes, based on performance time for all swimming strokes and events. Based on the performance characteristics of swimmers within the current classification system, the relationship between impairment and swimming performance is inconsistent, potentially disadvantaging some athletes...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614934/life-after-sport-swimming-through-transitions
#3
Rachel A Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599877/motivational-climate-sport-youth-scale-measurement-invariance-across-gender-and-five-different-sports
#4
Diogo Monteiro, Carla Chicau Borrego, Carlos Silva, João Moutão, Daniel Almeida Marinho, Luís Cid
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Motivational Climate Sport Youth Scale (MCSYSp) and invariance across gender and different sports (swimming, soccer, handball, basketball, futsal). A total of 4,569 athletes (3,053 males, 1,516 females) from soccer (1,098), swimming (1,049), basketball (1,754), futsal (340), and handball (328) participated in this study, with ages between 10 and 20 years (M = 15.13; SD = 1.95). The results show that the original model (two factors/12 items) did not adjust to the data in a satisfactory way; therefore, it was necessary to change the model by removing four items (two from each factor)...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594176/scapular-dyskinesis-in-young-asymptomatic-elite-swimmers
#5
Jacopo Preziosi Standoli, Francesco Fratalocchi, Vittorio Candela, Tiziano Preziosi Standoli, Giuseppe Giannicola, Marco Bonifazi, Stefano Gumina
Background: Overhead athletes are at a greater risk of developing scapular dyskinesis (SD). Although swimming is considered an overhead sport, information regarding SD in these athletes is scarce. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of SD in young, asymptomatic elite swimmers. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 661 asymptomatic elite swimmers were enrolled in this study (344 male, 317 female; mean age, 15...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571233/blood-lactate-accumulation-during-competitive-freediving-and-synchronized-swimming
#6
Lara RodrÍguez-Zamora, Harald K Engan, Angelica Lodin-Sundström, Fanny Schagatay, Xavier Iglesias, Ferran A Rodríguez, Erika Schagatay
A number of competitive water sports are performed while breath-holding (apnea). Such performances put large demands on the anaerobic system, but the study of lactate accumulation in apneic sports is limited. We therefore aimed to determine and compare the net lactate accumulation (NLA) during competition events in six disciplines of competitive freediving (FD) and three disciplines of synchronized swimming (SSW). The FD disciplines were: static apnea (STA; n = 14); dynamic apnea (DYN; n = 19); dynamic apnea no fins (DNF; n = 16); constant weight (CWT; n = 12); constant weight no fins (CNF; n = 8); free immersion (FIM; n =10)...
January 2018: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568701/reliability-and-concurrent-validity-of-the-iphone-%C3%A2-compass-application-to-measure-thoracic-rotation-range-of-motion-rom-in-healthy-participants
#7
James Furness, Ben Schram, Alistair J Cox, Sarah L Anderson, Justin Keogh
Background: Several water-based sports (swimming, surfing and stand up paddle boarding) require adequate thoracic mobility (specifically rotation) in order to perform the appropriate activity requirements. The measurement of thoracic spine rotation is problematic for clinicians due to a lack of convenient and reliable measurement techniques. More recently, smartphones have been used to quantify movement in various joints in the body; however, there appears to be a paucity of research using smartphones to assess thoracic spine movement...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565747/social-motivation-and-health-in-college-club-swimming
#8
Austin R Anderson, William D Ramos
OBJECTIVE: Participation in recreational sport clubs on campus is a popular student activity nationwide. These sport-based organizations provide a host of benefits within recognized dimensions of health and wellness. Understanding participants' motives for engaging in these types of activities can provide insight in design and delivery and enhance participant health. This study focuses on outcomes related to the social motivations for participation in a recreational sport swim club and their potential relationship to social health...
March 22, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561921/nasal-symptoms-epithelial-injury-and-neurogenic-inflammation-in-elite-swimmers
#9
B Steelant, V Hox, L Van Gerven, E Dilissen, E Dekimpe, A Kasran, S Aertgeerts, V Van Belle, K Peers, L J Dupont, P W Hellings, D M Bullens, S F Seys
BACKGROUND: A high burden of lower airway symptoms is found in elite swimmers. To what extent elite swimmers suffer from upper airway symptoms and how these associate with nasal inflammation is less clear. We here aimed to evaluate upper airway symptoms and nasal inflammation in elite athletes. METHODOLOGY: Elite swimmers, indoor athletes and age-matched controls were recruited. Upper airway symptoms were assessed by sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT)-22 questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560605/pacing-in-swimming-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Katie E McGibbon, D B Pyne, M E Shephard, K G Thompson
BACKGROUND: Pacing strategy, or how energy is distributed during exercise, can substantially impact athletic performance and is considered crucial for optimal performance in many sports. This is particularly true in swimming given the highly resistive properties of water and low mechanical efficiency of the swimming action. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the pacing strategies utilised by competitive swimmers in competition and their reproducibility, and to examine the impact of different pacing strategies on kinematic, metabolic and performance variables...
March 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536784/autonomic-modulations-of-heart-rate-variability-are-associated-with-sports-injury-incidence-in-sprint-swimmers
#11
Dayanne S Lima-Borges, Paula F Martinez, Luiz Carlos M Vanderlei, Fernando S S Barbosa, Silvio A Oliveira-Junior
OBJECTIVES: Young athletes' participation in competitive sports is becoming increasingly common, and this increased involvement raises concerns about the occurrence of overtraining and sports injuries. Since these issues are poorly understood, this study analyzed heart rate variability, stress/recovery relationship, and sports injury incidence during a training macrocycle of young sprint and endurance swimmers. METHODS: Thirty teenage swimmers (aged 12 to 17 years) were divided into two groups as follows: Sprint (n=17) and Endurance (n=13)...
March 14, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535581/examination-of-factors-explaining-coaching-strategy-and-training-methodology-as-correlates-of-potential-doping-behavior-in-high-level-swimming
#12
Silvester Liposek, Natasa Zenic, Jose M Saavedra, Damir Sekulic, Jelena Rodek, Miha Marinsek, Dorica Sajber
Although coaching is considered an important determinant of athletes' potential doping behavior (PDB), there is an evident lack of studies that have examined coaching-strategy-and-training-methodology (CS&TM) in relation to PDB. This study was aimed to identify the specific associations that may exist between CS&TM -factors and other factors, and PDB in high-level swimming. The sample comprised 94 swimmers (35 females; 19.7 ± 2.3 years of age) and consisted of swimmers older than 18 years who participated in the 2017 National Championship...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490402/return-to-sports-after-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-reality-or-utopia-a-48-month-follow-up-prospective-study
#13
Mirco Lo Presti, Giuseppe Gianluca Costa, Sergio Cialdella, Giuseppe Agrò, Alberto Grassi, Silvio Caravelli, Massimiliano Mosca, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Stefano Zaffagnini
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has increased in popularity in the last years, also in younger and more active patients with great expectancies. The purpose of our study was to investigate the change in sports activities before and after medial UKA. We surveyed 53 athletic patients; all underwent cemented medial UKA, to determine not only their subjective and objective evaluation of clinical status with Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) and visual analog score (VAS) score, but also their sporting and recreational activities at a mean follow-up of 48 ± 6 months (range, 18-56 months)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472739/longitudinal-effects-of-swimming-on-bone-in-adolescents-a-pqct-and-dxa-study
#14
Alejandro Gomez-Bruton, Alejandro Gonzalez-Aguero, Angel Matute-Llorente, Alba Gomez-Cabello, Jose A Casajus, German Vicente-Rodríguez
The aims of the present study were, firstly, to evaluate areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone strength and structure during a swimming season and compare them to those of normo-active controls (CG), and secondly to ascertain whether practising an additional weight-bearing sport other than swimming might improve bone. Twenty-three swimmers who only swam (SWI-PURE; 14 males, 9 females), 11 swimmers who combined swimming with an additional weight-bearing sport (SWI-SPORT; 8 males, 3 females) and 28 controls (CG; 16 males, 12 females) participated in the present study...
December 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466055/nature-vs-nurture-have-performance-gaps-between-men-and-women-reached-an-asymptote
#15
Mindy Millard-Stafford, Ann E Swanson, Matthew T Wittbrodt
Men outperform women in sports requiring muscular strength and/or endurance, but the relative influence of "nurture" versus "nature" remains difficult to quantify. Performance gaps between elite men and women are well-documented using world records in second, centimeter or kilogram sports. However, this approach is biased by global disparity in reward structures and opportunities for women. Despite policies enhancing female participation (Title IX legislation), USA women only closed performance gaps by 2 and 5% in Olympic Trial swimming and running, respectively, from 1972 to 1980 (with no change thereafter through 2016)...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456518/environmental-physiology-and-diving-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Gerardo Bosco, Alex Rizzato, Richard E Moon, Enrico M Camporesi
Man's experience and exploration of the underwater environment has been recorded from ancient times and today encompasses large sections of the population for sport enjoyment, recreational and commercial purpose, as well as military strategic goals. Knowledge, respect and maintenance of the underwater world is an essential development for our future and the knowledge acquired over the last few dozen years will change rapidly in the near future with plans to establish secure habitats with specific long-term goals of exploration, maintenance and survival...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438911/biomechanical-assessment-of-dynamic-balance-specificity-of-different-balance-tests
#17
Steffen Ringhof, Thorsten Stein
Dynamic balance is vitally important for most sports and activities of daily living, so the assessment of dynamic stability has become an important issue. In consequence, a large number of balance tests have been developed. However, it is not yet known whether these tests (i) measure the same construct and (ii) can differentiate between athletes with different balance expertise. We therefore studied three common dynamic balance tests: one-leg jump landings, Posturomed perturbations and simulated forward falls...
February 10, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412432/bone-geometry-and-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review
#18
Tathyane Krahenbühl, Roseane de Fátima Guimarães, Antonio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review on the practice of physical activity and/or sports in health and its influence on bone geometry of healthy children and adolescents. DATA SOURCE: The method used as reference was the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Databases searched for articles published from 2006 to 2016, with "Bone geometry" AND (Sport* OR Exercise* OR "Physical Activity") as descriptors, were PubMed, BIREME/LILACS and SciELO...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411286/athletes-with-channelopathy-may-be-eligible-to-play
#19
REVIEW
N M Panhuyzen-Goedkoop, A A M Wilde
The European and Bethesda recommendations roughly state that any athlete with channelopathy is not eligible to participate in sports on a presumed risk of potentially life-threatening ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation. However, eligibility decision-making on a presumed risk of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation is debatable. Channelopathies are primary electrical cardiac disorders and are usually transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. Some of the channelopathies are potentially fatal in relation to exercise and predispose to life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias including ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation...
February 6, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402586/high-rate-of-return-to-swimming-after-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement
#20
Rachel M Frank, Gift Ukwuani, Jorge Chahla, Brian Batko, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Shane J Nho
PURPOSE: To evaluate patients' ability to return to swimming after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) with capsular closure. METHODS: Consecutive FAIS patients who had undergone hip arthroscopy for the treatment of FAIS by a single fellowship-trained surgeon were reviewed. The inclusion criteria included patients with a diagnosis of FAIS who self-reported being swimming athletes with a minimum clinical follow-up duration of 2 years...
February 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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