Read by QxMD icon Read

swimming sport

Elizabeth E Hibberd, Kevin G Laudner, Kristen L Kucera, David J Berkoff, Bing Yu, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Subacromial space distance and forward head and shoulder posture are common characteristics resulting from swim training. These alterations can cause abnormal scapular kinematics and positioning, potentially increasing compression of structures in the subacromial space and increasing the risk for the development of swimmer's shoulder. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the swim training season on subacromial space distance and forward head and forward shoulder posture as well as to determine the relationship between these variables...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Morteza Khodaee, George T Edelman, Jack Spittler, Randall Wilber, Brian J Krabak, Daniel Solomon, Scott Riewald, Alicia Kendig, Laura M Borgelt, Mark Riederer, Vladimir Puzovic, Scott Rodeo
Swimming is one of the most popular sports worldwide. Competitive swimming is one of the most watched sports during the Olympic Games. Swimming has unique medical challenges as a result of a variety of environmental and chemical exposures. Musculoskeletal overuse injuries, overtraining, respiratory problems, and dermatologic conditions are among the most common problems swimmers encounter. Although not unique to swimming, overtraining is a serious condition which can have significant negative impact on swimmers' health and performance...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Stephen Pack, Sasha Kelly, Monna Arvinen-Barrow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of swimming on Paralympic athletes' perceptions of self and identity development. METHOD: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was taken. During semi-structured interviews, five Paralympic swimmers (aged 20-24 years) were asked questions about their swimming career, perceptions of self, integration, and impairment. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. RESULTS: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis yielded three superordinate themes: (a) "One of the crowd"; none of the participants viewed themselves as disabled, nor as supercrips; these perceptions stemmed from family-, school-, and swimming-related experiences, (b) "Becoming me"; participation in swimming facilitated self- and social-acceptance, and identity development, and c) "A badge of honor"; swimming presented opportunity to present and reinforce a positive identity...
September 27, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Danae Varveri, Andreas D Flouris, Nikitas Smirnios, Elizana Pollatou, Christina Karatzaferi, Giorgos K Sakkas
We developed and validated an aquaticity assessment test (AAT) for the evaluation of human physical adequacy in the water. Forty-six volunteers (25M/21F; 20 ± 8 years) participated and performed 10 easy-to-administer and practical aquatic tasks. Group A was formed by 36 elite athletes (M/F 20/16, 24.7 ± 10yrs) from two sports categories depending on their affinity to the water environment: terrestrial (wrestling, cycling, dancing) and aquatic (swimming, synchronized swimming, free diving) sports. Group B was formed by 10 non-athlete participants (5M/5F, 14...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Radamés Maciel Vítor Medeiros, Eduardo da Silva Alves, Valdir de Aquino Lemos, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Andressa da Silva, Roberto Vital, Alexandre Silva Vieira, Murilo Moreira Barreto, Edilson Alves da Rocha, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello
CONTEXT: Body composition assessments of high-performance athletes are very important for identifying physical performance potential. Although the relationship between the kinanthropometric characteristics and performance abilities of Olympic swimmers is extremely important, this subject is not completely understood for Paralympic swimmers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between body composition and sport performance in Brazilian Paralympic swimmers 6 months after training...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Alan R Barker, Craig A Williams, Sigurbjörn A Arngrímsson, Karen M Knapp, Brad S Metcalf, Ioannis G Fatouros, Luis A Moreno, Luis Gracia-Marco
PURPOSE: Exercise is an effective approach for developing bone mass and adolescence is a key period to optimize bone health. However, sports specific training may have different effects on bone outcomes. This study examined the differences on bone outcomes between osteogenic (football) and non-osteogenic (swimming and cycling) sports and a control group in adolescent males. METHODS: One hundred twenty one males (13.1±0.1 years) were measured: 41 swimmers, 37 footballers, 29 cyclists and 14 controls...
September 14, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
S Katsumi
On 19 April 2011, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology designated 13 elementary schools, including Tominari Elementary School in Date city, as high-dose schools that needed to restrict outdoor activities due to the effects of the accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Approximately 1 week later, the municipal government took action to remove the topsoil from the school grounds, and the prohibition of outdoor activities at Tominari Elementary School was lifted. The school staff continued to work on decontaminating the surrounding areas using high-pressure washers and brushes...
September 14, 2016: Annals of the ICRP
Ulrich S Tran, Martin Voracek
Left-handers may have strategic advantages over right-handers in interactive sports and innate superior abilities that are beneficial for sports. Previous studies relied on differing criteria for handedness classification and mostly did not investigate mixed preferences and footedness. Footedness appears to be less influenced by external and societal factors than handedness. Utilizing latent class analysis and structural equation modeling, we investigated in a series of studies (total N > 15300) associations of handedness and footedness with self-reported sporting performance and motor abilities in the general population...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Tanja Oosthuyse, Joanne A McVeigh, Lisa K Micklesfield, Rebecca M Meiring
Low magnitude bone-loading sports may benefit bone structure and strength in the exercised limbs. This study compared peripheral quantitative computed tomography measures of radial and tibial diaphyseal strength (strength-strain index, SSI), structure (total area (ToA) and cortical area (CoA), density (CoD) and thickness (CT), and circumferences), muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA) and strength (one-repetition maximum, 1-RM) in male endurance athletes taking part in (i) non-weight-bearing and non-impact sports: swimmers (SWIM, n = 13) and road cyclists (RC, n = 10), (ii) non-weight-bearing, impact sport: mountain bikers (MB, n = 10), (iii) weight bearing and impact sport: runners (RUN, n = 9)...
August 18, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Sidse Grangaard, Camilla Ryhl
The research project 'Evaluation of Vandhalla' is a study of the perceived quality of the new building as well as the design competition and design process leading to the final design. The evaluation focuses on the mindset of the winning entry, the design process, the design solution and the value of Vandhalla. Vandhalla is a sport centre including an indoor swimming pool at the Danish folk high school, Egmont. Empirically, the evaluation is based on qualitative interviews and walkthroughs on site with the architects, the client, personnel and students...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Gustavo R D Bernardina, Pietro Cerveri, Ricardo M L Barros, João C B Marins, Amanda P Silvatti
Action sport cameras (ASC) are currently adopted mainly for entertainment purposes but their uninterrupted technical improvements, in correspondence of cost decreases, are going to disclose them for three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis in sport gesture study and athletic performance evaluation quantitatively. Extending this technology to sport analysis however still requires a methodologic step-forward to making ASC a metric system, encompassing ad-hoc camera setup, image processing, feature tracking, calibration and 3D reconstruction...
2016: PloS One
Davide Blonna, Enrico Bellato, Francesco Caranzano, Marco Assom, Roberto Rossi, Filippo Castoldi
BACKGROUND: The arthroscopic Bankart repair and open Bristow-Latarjet procedure are the 2 most commonly used techniques to treat recurrent shoulder instability. PURPOSE: To compare in a case control-matched manner the 2 techniques, with particular emphasis on return to sport after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A study was conducted in 2 hospitals matching 60 patients with posttraumatic recurrent anterior shoulder instability with a minimum follow-up of 2 years (30 patients treated with arthroscopic Bankart procedure and 30 treated with open Bristow-Latarjet procedure)...
August 8, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum
The postpartum period in a woman's life is filled with numerous changes, including physical changes, changes in sleep habits, and learning how to best care for a newborn. A common goal among postpartum women is to either begin or resume an active lifestyle, which often includes physical activity such as running, biking and swimming. The postpartum athlete may discover barriers that prevent her from returning to or beginning an exercise routine. These obstacles include muscle weakness, fatigue, depression and physical changes that require exercise modification...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Chih-Wei Chang, Yi-Ming Chen, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chi-Chang Huang, Yu-Tse Wu, Mei-Chich Hsu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sports anemia is a persistent and severe problem in athletes owing to strenuous exercise-induced oxidative stress and hepcidin upregulation. The roots of Angelica sinensis (AS), a familiar traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for replenishing blood since antiquity. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of ethanolic AS extract in a 4-week study on sports anemia in female Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To induce anemia, a strenuous exercise protocol consisting of running and swimming was employed with increasing intensity...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Romuald Lepers, Paul J Stapley, Thomas Cattagni
BACKGROUND: some centenarians are engaged in regular physical activity and sometimes in sporting events. OBJECTIVE: we aimed to identify world records of centenarian athletes in several sports and determine which represented the best performance when compared to all-age world records, all disciplines taken together. METHODS: all of the best performances achieved by centenarians were identified and compared in three disciplines: athletics, swimming and cycling...
September 2016: Age and Ageing
Alfred A Bove
Although the lungs are a critical component of exercise performance, their response to exercise and other environmental stresses is often overlooked when evaluating pulmonary performance during high workloads. Exercise can produce capillary leakage, particularly when left atrial pressure increases related to left ventricular (LV) systolic or diastolic failure. Diastolic LV dysfunction that results in elevated left atrial pressure during exercise is particularly likely to result in pulmonary edema and capillary hemorrhage...
April 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
R Smith, D Brooke, C Kipps, B Skaria, V Subramaniam
This report discusses a rare case of a 55-year-old female triathlete who developed recurrent episodes of swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE). She had two hospital admissions with pulmonary edema after developing breathlessness while swimming, including a near-drowning experience in an open water swim. With increasing popularity of triathlon and open water sports, this case highlights the importance of a greater awareness of SIPE among health professionals, event organizers, and athletes. This report explores the previous reported cases in triathletes and those who have suffered recurrent episodes...
August 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Sigal Ben-Zaken, Yoav Meckel, Dan Nemet, Nitzan Dror, Alon Eliakim
The potential use genetic polymorphism, and in particularly polymorphism of hormone genes, as tool to predict athletic performance is currently very challenging. Recent studies suggest that single nucleotide polymorphisms in IGF-I and myostatin may be beneficial for endurance and short distance running, and may even be associated with elite performance. Polymorphism in IGF-I receptor may differentiate between the two edges of the endurance-power athletic performance running spectrum suggesting beneficial effects for endurance and prevent from success in power events...
June 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
Irisz Karolina Levai, James H Hull, Mike Loosemore, Jon Greenwell, Greg Whyte, John W Dickinson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Elite swimming and boxing require athletes to achieve relatively high minute ventilation. The combination of a sustained high ventilation and provocative training environment may impact the susceptibility of athletes to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of EIB in elite Great British (GB) boxers and swimmers. METHODS: Boxers (n = 38, mean age: 22.1 ± 3.1 years) and swimmers (n = 44, mean age: 21...
November 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Matthias Bülhoff, Boris Sowa, Thomas Bruckner, Felix Zeifang, Patric Raiss
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to analyze whether patients undergoing reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) surgery are able to successfully return to sports and afterwards. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients treated with RSA for Cuff Tear Arthropathy (CTA) were included. Two sub-groups were built: Patients who have participated in sports activities within the last 5 years prior surgery [Group A: n = 21 (55 %)] and patients who have never participated in sports [Group B: n = 17 (45 %)]...
September 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"