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muscular dystrophy rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866827/nucleoprotein-supplementation-enhances-the-recovery-of-rat-soleus-mass-with-reloading-after-hindlimb-unloading-induced-atrophy-via-myonuclei-accretion-and-increased-protein-synthesis
#1
Ryosuke Nakanishi, Yusuke Hirayama, Minoru Tanaka, Noriaki Maeshige, Hiroyo Kondo, Akihiko Ishihara, Roland R Roy, Hidemi Fujino
Hindlimb unloading results in muscle atrophy and a period of reloading has been shown to partially recover the lost muscle mass. Two of the mechanisms involved in this recovery of muscle mass are the activation of protein synthesis pathways and an increase in myonuclei number. The additional myonuclei are provided by satellite cells that are activated by the mechanical stress associated with the reloading of the muscles and eventually incorporated into the muscle fibers. Amino acid supplementation with exercise also can increase skeletal muscle mass through enhancement of protein synthesis and nucleotide supplements can promote cell cycle activity...
October 23, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854227/do-psychosocial-interventions-improve-quality-of-life-and-wellbeing-in-adults-with-neuromuscular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#2
Elaine Walklet, Kate Muse, Jane Meyrick, Tim Moss
Quality of life and well-being are frequently restricted in adults with neuromuscular disorders. As such, identification of appropriate interventions is imperative. The objective of this paper was to systematically review and critically appraise quantitative studies (RCTs, controlled trials and cohort studies) of psychosocial interventions designed to improve quality of life and well-being in adults with neuromuscular disorders. A systematic review of the published and unpublished literature was conducted. Studies meeting inclusion criteria were appraised using a validated quality assessment tool and results presented in a narrative synthesis...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762634/fatigue-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-a-qualitative-study-of-people-s-experiences
#3
Karen Schipper, Minne Bakker, Tineke Abma
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to describe how fatigue affects the lives of people with facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD), how they experience fatigue, and how they deal with it in order to attune rehabilitation care to patients' needs. METHOD: A qualitative study, consisting of 25 semistructured interviews with patients with FSHD and severe fatigue (as measured with the checklist individual strength (CIS) fatigue questionnaire), was conducted to gain insight into the experiences of patients with fatigue...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718629/early-use-of-power-wheelchair-for-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-narrative-review
#4
Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Osnat Atun-Einy, Insaf Khoury-Assaf
PURPOSE: To review the literature on the existent evidence considering the use of power wheel chair (PWC) for children with DMD who can still walk independently. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted through nine databases by the three authors independently. Both quantitative and qualitative research designs were considered for inclusion. Studies were included only if the study population consisted of ambulatory children diagnosed with DMD. Data extraction was on participant characteristics, level of walking and on outcomes in term of impairment, function and participation domains (ICF, World Health Organization, 2001) in accordance to a structured diagram by the three authors independently...
October 9, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677016/muscle-activations-during-gait-in-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#5
Juliette Ropars, Mathieu Lempereur, Sylvain Brochard, Carole Vuillerot, Vincent Tiffreau, Jean-Marie Cuisset, Yann Péréon, Fabien Leboeuf, Raphaël Gross, Ludovic Delporte, Yannick Delpierre
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate changes in muscle activity during gait in children with Duchenne muscular Dystrophy (DMD). MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Dynamic surface electromyography recordings (EMGs) of 16 children with DMD and pathological gait were compared with those of 15 control children. The activity of the rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL), medial hamstrings (HS), tibialis anterior (TA) and gastrocnemius soleus (GAS) muscles was recorded and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677014/2005-2015-ten-years-clinical-experience-in-treating-dmd-patients-by-corticosteroids-in-lyon
#6
Stéphanie Fontaine Carbonnel, Pascal Rippert, Isabelle Poirot, Dominique Gachet, Capucine de Lattre, Carole Vuillerot
OBJECTIVE: Since 2005, in France, corticosteroid therapy is now widely used in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). This treatment has changed our practice of pediatric rehabilitation teams. We describe here our 10-year clinical experience in treating DMD patients by CS according to international guidelines i.e. prednisone 0.75mg/kg/day started from the plateau of motor function. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study. Information was given on the expected effects and side effects...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622734/muscle-activation-during-gait-in-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#7
Juliette Ropars, Mathieu Lempereur, Carole Vuillerot, Vincent Tiffreau, Sylviane Peudenier, Jean-Marie Cuisset, Yann Pereon, Fabien Leboeuf, Ludovic Delporte, Yannick Delpierre, Raphaël Gross, Sylvain Brochard
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate changes in muscle activity during gait in children with Duchenne muscular Dystrophy (DMD). Dynamic surface electromyography recordings (EMGs) of 16 children with DMD and pathological gait were compared with those of 15 control children. The activity of the rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL), medial hamstrings (HS), tibialis anterior (TA) and gastrocnemius soleus (GAS) muscles was recorded and analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. The overall muscle activity in the children with DMD was significantly different from that of the control group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478558/extensive-functional-evaluations-to-monitor-aerobic-training-in-becker-muscular-dystrophy-a-case-report
#8
Caterina Tramonti, Bruno Rossi, Carmelo Chisari
Low-intensity aerobic training seems to have positive effects on muscle strength, endurance and fatigue in Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) patients. We describe the case of a 33-year old BMD man, who performed a four-week aerobic training. Extensive functional evaluations were executed to monitor the efficacy of the rehabilitative treatment. Results evidenced an increased force exertion and an improvement in muscle contraction during sustained exercise. An improvement of walk velocity, together with agility, endurance capacity and oxygen consumption during exercise was observed...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438864/vocational-rehabilitation-supporting-ill-or-disabled-individuals-in-to-work-a-uk-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Andrew Frank
Work is important for one's self-esteem, social standing and ability to participate in the community as well as for the material advantages it brings to individuals and their families. The evidence suggests that the benefits of employment outweigh the risks of work and are greater than the risks of long-term unemployment or sickness absence. Individuals may be born with physical or intellectual disadvantages (e.g., cerebral palsy), or they may be acquired during childhood or adult life. Some progressive conditions may present in childhood or adolescence (e...
July 16, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427990/respiratory-failure-because-of-neuromuscular-disease
#10
Robin S Howard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Understanding the mechanisms and abnormalities of respiratory function in neuromuscular disease is critical to supporting the patient and maintaining ventilation in the face of acute or chronic progressive impairment. RECENT FINDINGS: Retrospective clinical studies reviewing the care of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome and myasthenia have shown a disturbingly high mortality following step-down from intensive care. This implies high dependency and rehabilitation management is failing despite evidence that delayed improvement can occur with long-term care...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347814/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-from-adolescence-to-young-men
#11
Yi-Jing Lue, Shun-Sheng Chen, Yen-Mou Lu
PURPOSE: This study investigated quality of life (QOL) in adolescent and young men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS: Health-related QOL and global QOL were assessed with the Short Form 36 (SF-36) and World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). Associations between functional status and QOL were assessed. RESULTS: All domains of the SF-36 were below Taiwan norms (effect size: -14.2 to -0.5), especially Physical Function, Role Physical, and Social Function...
June 27, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342814/exploring-quality-of-life-in-people-with-slowly-progressive-neuromuscular-disease
#12
Antoine Dany, Amandine Rapin, Christian Réveillère, Arnaud Calmus, Vincent Tiffreau, Isabella Morrone, Jean-Luc Novella, Damien Jolly, François Constant Boyer
PURPOSE: A qualitative work is conducted to enable later the construction of a health-related quality of life (HRQL) questionnaire for patients with slowly-progressive neuromuscular disease (NMD) such as myopathies and muscular dystrophies. METHODS: The formation of focus groups is an efficient method to perform an in-depth exploration of the aspects of HRQL potentially impaired by NMD. Patients were recruited in France by 4 NMD reference centers. To ensure adequate representativeness in terms of severity, three types of focus groups were formed: (1) Patients able to walk (WP)...
June 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251916/neuromuscular-conditions-for-physicians-what-you-need-to-know
#13
Laura Edwards, Margaret Phillips
The Royal College of Physicians (RCP) and the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine co-hosted a meeting entitled 'Neuromuscular conditions for physicians - what you need to know' at the RCP on 30 November 2015. There was a series of talks, ranging from in-depth genetic and molecular descriptions of pathology to multidisciplinary management of chronic neuromuscular conditions, which stimulated lively debate and discussion. Some overarching themes emerged from the day, most notably: i) the changing expectations and survival rates in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), which are transforming this disorder into an adult as much as a paediatric condition; ii) the need for integrated management and good communication -between services - whether primary, secondary and tertiary care, medical teams and intensivists, or the multiple teams involved in providing treatment to neuromuscular patients; and iii) in line with the above, the essential need for streamlining care such that patients can avoid spending most of their time attending outpatient appointments, and instead concentrate on living full lives and exploring educational, occupational, leisure and social opportunities...
June 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211201/it-s-not-just-physical-a-qualitative-study-regarding-the-illness-experiences-of-people-with-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy
#14
Minne Bakker, Karen Schipper, Alexander C Geurts, Tineke A Abma
PURPOSE: Little is known about the illness experiences of people with Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSHD). The aim of this study was to provide insight into the illness experiences of people with FSHD in order to tailor rehabilitation programs to individual needs and expectations. METHODS: Twenty-five semi-structured interviews were conducted with people with FSHD. The interviews were audiotaped, transcribed and member checked. Computerized (MAXqda) and manual techniques were used for thematic data analysis...
May 23, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054018/effect-of-cellular-therapy-in-progression-of-becker-s-muscular-dystrophy-a-case-study
#15
Alok Sharma, Hemangi Sane, Nandini Gokulchandra, Rishabh Sharan, Amruta Paranjape, Pooja Kulkarni, Jayanti Yadav, Prerna Badhe
Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is an inherited disorder due to deletions of the dystrophin gene that leads to muscle weakness. Effects of bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMMNC) transplantation in Muscular Dystrophy have shown to be safe and beneficial. We treated a 20-year-old male suffering from BMD with autologous BMMNC transplantation followed by multidisciplinary rehabilitation. He presented with muscle weakness and had difficulty in performing his activities. The BMMNCs were transplanted via intrathecal and intramuscular routes...
February 23, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966800/rehabilitative-technology-use-among-individuals-with-duchenne-becker-muscular-dystrophy
#16
Shree Pandya, Jennifer Andrews, Kim Campbell, F John Meaney
PURPOSE: To document use of rehabilitative technology among individuals with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DBMD) among sites of the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research network (MD STARnet). METHODS: Data from 362 caregivers who participated in the MD STARnet caregiver interview between April 2006 and March 2012 (54.7% response rate) were analyzed to assess the type, frequency and duration of use of assistive technology. RESULTS: Caregiver reports of technology use by individuals with DBMD across five MD STARnet sites in the US demonstrated significant regional differences in the proportion of individuals who had ever used night splints (36...
2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949672/comparison-of-pulmonary-functions-at-onset-of-ventilatory-insufficiency-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-and-myotonic-muscular-dystrophy
#17
Han Eol Cho, Jang Woo Lee, Seong Woong Kang, Won Ah Choi, Hyeonjun Oh, Kil Chan Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pulmonary functions of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), and myotonic muscular dystrophy (MMD) at the onset of ventilatory insufficiency. METHODS: This retrospective study included ALS, DMD, and MMD patients with regular outpatient clinic follow-up in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at Gangnam Severance Hospital before the application of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV)...
February 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942834/upper-limb-function-and-activity-in-people-with-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-a-web-based-survey
#18
Arjen Bergsma, Edith H C Cup, Mariska M H P Janssen, Alexander C H Geurts, Imelda J M de Groot
Purpose To investigate the upper extremity (UE) at the level of impairments and related activity limitations and participation restrictions in people with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). Methods The study was conducted using web-based questionnaires that were distributed amongst people with FSHD in the Netherlands. Eighty-eight respondents started the survey, and 71 completed it. The questionnaires covered the following dimensions: Function, Activity and Participation of the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health...
March 4, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773586/-functional-and-orthopaedic-aspects-of-dystrophinopathies
#19
C Boulay, G Finidori
Although the clinical picture and the natural progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) differ, borderline forms exist. Classical orthopaedic treatment is based on self-rehabilitation (by the parents and the patient), physical therapy, posture alignment with orthotics, ergotherapy to set up technical aides, notably positioning in an electric wheelchair to provide more satisfactory autonomy. The functional aspect predominates over pure orthopaedics. Although surgical indications have evolved for the lower limbs, pelvic-spinal arthrodesis for treatment of scoliosis remains the reference treatment, but the methods have evolved since the advent of corticotherapy for DMD...
December 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26451113/assessment-and-management-of-respiratory-function-in-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-current-and-emerging-options
#20
REVIEW
Antonella LoMauro, Maria Grazia D'Angelo, Andrea Aliverti
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked myopathy resulting in progressive weakness and wasting of all the striated muscles including the respiratory muscles. The consequences are loss of ambulation before teen ages, cardiac involvement and breathing difficulties, the main cause of death. A cure for DMD is not currently available. In the last decades the survival of patients with DMD has improved because the natural history of the disease can be changed thanks to a more comprehensive therapeutic approach...
2015: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
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