keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Weanning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107099/association-between-infant-feeding-modes-and-gastroesophageal-reflux
#1
Pei-Lin Chen, Nelís Soto-Ramírez, Hongmei Zhang, Wilfried Karmaus
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux in neonates is frequently reported by parents, potentially motivating changes in infant feeding mode and/or addition of solid food. OBJECTIVE: The authors prospectively analyzed associations between repeated measurement of feeding modes and reflux in infancy. METHODS: The Infant Feeding Practices Study II, conducted between 2005 and 2007 (2,841 infants), provides data on reflux and feeding modes at nine time points from months 1 to 12...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107068/successful-treatment-of-suspected-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-a-mealy-amazon-parrot-amazona-farinose
#2
Sean M Brady, Anne Burgdorf-Moisuk, Sarah Silverman, Raymund F Wack
A 25-year-old, male mealy Amazon parrot (Amazona farinose) with a history of polycythemia, hepatomegaly, and epistaxis was evaluated for progressive lethargy and anorexia. Clinical laboratory testing revealed severe polycythemia (71%), hypophosphatemia (1.6 mg/dL), and mild hypokalemia (2.8 mEq/L). Radiographs showed marked hepatomegaly and loss of air sac space. Despite supportive treatments, the bird's condition deteriorated, and it developed ataxia, was unable to fly, and became oxygen dependent. An echocardiogram, including an air bubble study, revealed a right-to-left atrial shunt and presumed pulmonary arterial hypertension...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106959/implanting-permanent-left-ventricular-assist-devices-in-patients-on-veno-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support
#3
Diyar Saeed, Alexander Assmann, Muhammad Abdeen, Alexander Albert, Bujar Maxhera, Najla Sadat, Stephan Sixt, Artur Lichtenberg
Selected patients who fail to be weaned off temporary veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) support may be considered for long-term left ventricular assist devices (LVADs).  We describe here an LVAD implantation technique in patients with prior VA-ECMO support without the use of a cardiopulmonary bypass machine, which minimizes the intraoperative trauma and blood loss while still meeting all the goals of the standard procedure.
December 9, 2016: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104501/esotropia-with-an-accommodative-component-after-surgery-for-infantile-esotropia-compared-to-primary-accommodative-esotropia
#4
Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of patients with an esotropia with an accommodative component after infantile esotropia surgery and patients with primary refractive accommodative esotropia. METHODS: The medical records of patients with postoperative (secondary group) and primary refractive accommodative esotropia (primary group) were reviewed retrospectively. Changes in ocular alignment, refractive error, weaning rate, decompensation rate over time, and sensory outcomes were compared...
January 16, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104135/renal-allograft-aspergillus-infection-presenting-with-obstructive-uropathy-a-case-report
#5
L Sadagah, M Alharbi, M Alshomrani, A Almalki
BACKGROUND: Isolated renal allograft aspergillosis is rare and usually presents with fever and decreased glomerular filtration rate. Presentation with obstructive uropathy caused by aspergillus fungal balls is much less common. We report a young male patient who presented with obstructive uropathy secondary to isolated renal allograft aspergillus infection 6 weeks after transplant. He was treated with nephrectomy and antifungal medications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old Saudi male patient had a recent living non-related kidney transplantation in Pakistan...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103298/perinatal-choline-supplementation-reduces-amyloidosis-and-increases-choline-acetyltransferase-expression-in-the-hippocampus-of-the-appsweps1de9-alzheimer-s-disease-model-mice
#6
Tiffany J Mellott, Olivia M Huleatt, Bethany N Shade, Sarah M Pender, Yi B Liu, Barbara E Slack, Jan K Blusztajn
Prevention of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major goal of biomedical sciences. In previous studies we showed that high intake of the essential nutrient, choline, during gestation prevented age-related memory decline in a rat model. In this study we investigated the effects of a similar treatment on AD-related phenotypes in a mouse model of AD. We crossed wild type (WT) female mice with hemizygous APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP.PS1) AD model male mice and maintained the pregnant and lactating dams on a control AIN76A diet containing 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102699/tracheostomy-weaning-outcomes-in-relation-to-the-site-of-acquired-brain-injury-a-retrospective-case-series
#7
Kay Mitton, Krystyna Walton, Manoj Sivan
OBJECTIVE: To analyse whether the outcome of tracheostomy weaning is influenced by the site of injury in acquired brain injury. METHODS: A retrospective case review of all the consecutive admissions to an acute neurorehabilitation unit in a 2-year period was performed. Patients with a diagnosis of acquired brain injury and tracheostomy in situ were included in this study. RESULTS: One hundred and six patients were included in the analysis...
January 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100977/preserving-a-well-functioning-33-year-old-starr-edwards-aortic-prosthesis-in-repeat-aortic-root-aneurysm-repair
#8
Abdallah K Alameddine, Victor K Alimov, John A Rousou, Fabrizio I Pluchino
We report the case of a 61-year-old obese male patient in whom we found a well-functioning 33-year-old Starr-Edwards aortic prosthesis during repeat aortic surgery. Rather than explant the prosthesis, we remodeled the aortic root, almost completely removing the aortic sinuses and leaving only a pillar of aortic tissue around the coronary ostia. The proximal end of a Hemashield tube-graft was then scalloped to accommodate the remaining aortic tissue. The patient's heart function was excellent after his weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099871/fluoride-and-arsenic-exposure-affects-spatial-memory-and-activates-the-erk-creb-signaling-pathway-in-offspring-rats
#9
Yu-Peng Zhu, Shu-Hua Xi, Ming-Yan Li, Ting-Ting Ding, Nan Liu, Fu-Yuan Cao, Yang Zeng, Xiao-Jing Liu, Jun-Wang Tong, Shou-Fang Jiang
Fluoride and arsenic are inorganic contaminants that occur in the natural environment. Chronic fluoride and/or arsenic exposure can induce developmental neurotoxicity and negatively influence intelligence in children, although the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. This study explored the effects of fluoride and arsenic exposure in drinking water on spatial learning, memory and key protein expression in the ERK/CREB signaling pathway in hippocampal and cerebral cortex tissue in rat offspring...
January 15, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099477/chronic-maternal-low-protein-diet-in-mice-affects-anxiety-night-time-energy-expenditure-and-sleep-patterns-but-not-circadian-rhythm-in-male-offspring
#10
Randy F Crossland, Alfred Balasa, Rajesh Ramakrishnan, Sangeetha K Mahadevan, Marta L Fiorotto, Ignatia B Van den Veyver
Offspring of murine dams chronically fed a protein-restricted diet have an increased risk for metabolic and neurobehavioral disorders. Previously we showed that adult offspring, developmentally exposed to a chronic maternal low-protein (MLP) diet, had lower body and hind-leg muscle weights and decreased liver enzyme serum levels. We conducted energy expenditure, neurobehavioral and circadian rhythm assays in male offspring to examine mechanisms for the body-weight phenotype and assess neurodevelopmental implications of MLP exposure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098775/mammary-gland-involution-provides-a-unique-model-to-study-the-tgf-%C3%AE-cancer-paradox
#11
REVIEW
Qiuchen Guo, Courtney Betts, Nathan Pennock, Elizabeth Mitchell, Pepper Schedin
Transforming Growth Factor-β (TGF-β) signaling in cancer has been termed the "TGF-β paradox", acting as both a tumor suppresser and promoter. The complexity of TGF-β signaling within the tumor is context dependent, and greatly impacted by cellular crosstalk between TGF-β responsive cells in the microenvironment including adjacent epithelial, endothelial, mesenchymal, and hematopoietic cells. Here we utilize normal, weaning-induced mammary gland involution as a tissue microenvironment model to study the complexity of TGF-β function...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098248/microbial-succession-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-dairy-cows-from-2-weeks-to-first-lactation
#12
Kimberly A Dill-McFarland, Jacob D Breaker, Garret Suen
Development of the dairy calf gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and its associated microbiota are essential for survival and milk production, as this community is responsible for converting plant-based feeds into accessible nutrients. However, little is known regarding the establishment of microbes in the calf GIT. Here, we measured fecal-associated bacterial, archaeal, and fungal communities of dairy cows from 2 weeks to the middle of first lactation (>2 years) as well as rumen-associated communities from weaning (8 weeks) to first lactation...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096962/extra-virgin-olive-oil-in-maternal-diet-increases-osteogenic-genes-expression-but-high-amounts-have-deleterious-effects-on-bones-in-mice-offspring-at-adolescence
#13
Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Fariba Koohdani, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Pantea Izadi, Mohamadreza Eshraghian, Forough Azam Sayahpour, Leila Shafiei Neek, Farzad Shidfar
OBJECTIVES: Maternal high-fat diet has been shown to have deleterious effects on the offspring bones. However, there is no study to assess the effects of type and amount of maternal dietary oil in an isocaloric diet, with focus on extra virgin olive oil (EVOO). The objective of the current study was to test the hypothesis that type of maternal dietary oil has more effects than its amount in an isocaloric diet during gestation and lactation on bone genes expression in offspring in adolescence...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096834/does-the-apache-ii-score-predict-performance-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-discharged-from-a-weaning-center
#14
Anna Rojek-Jarmuła, Rainer Hombach, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the functional status of patients after prolonged mechanical ventilation are scarce, and little is known about its clinical predictors. AIM: To investigate whether the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score on admission may predict performance in activities of daily living on discharge from a weaning center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013 were enrolled (n = 130)...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096571/acute-respiratory-failure-and-mechanical-ventilation-in-pregnant-patient-a-narrative-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Pradeep Kumar Bhatia, Ghansham Biyani, Sadik Mohammed, Priyanka Sethi, Pooja Bihani
Physiological changes of pregnancy imposes higher risk of acute respiratory failure (ARF) with even a slight insult and remains an important cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Although pregnant women have different respiratory physiology and different causes of ARF, guidelines specific to ventilatory settings, goals of oxygenation and weaning process could not be framed due to lack of large-scale randomized controlled trials. During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, pregnant women had higher morbidity and mortality compared to nonpregnant women...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096296/a-critical-asthma-standardized-clinical-and-management-plan-reduces-duration-of-critical-asthma-therapy
#16
Jackson Wong, Michael S D Agus, Dionne A Graham, Elliot Melendez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Reduction of critical asthma management time can reduce intensive care utilization. The goal of this study was to determine whether a Critical Asthma Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan (SCAMP) can decrease length of critical asthma management time. METHODS: This retrospective study compared critical asthma management times in children managed before and after implementation of a Critical Asthma SCAMP. The SCAMP used an asthma severity score management scheme to guide stepwise escalation and weaning of therapies...
January 17, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095783/genome-wide-expression-profiling-in-muscle-and-subcutaneous-fat-of-lambs-in-response-to-the-intake-of-concentrate-supplemented-with-vitamin-e
#17
Laura González-Calvo, Elda Dervishi, Margalida Joy, Pilar Sarto, Roberto Martin-Hernandez, Magdalena Serrano, Jose M Ordovás, Jorge H Calvo
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to acquire a broader, more comprehensive picture of the transcriptional changes in the L. Thoracis muscle (LT) and subcutaneous fat (SF) of lambs supplemented with vitamin E. Furthermore, we aimed to identify novel genes involved in the metabolism of vitamin E that might also be involved in meat quality. In the first treatment, seven lambs were fed a basal concentrate from weaning to slaughter (CON). In the second treatment, seven lambs received basal concentrate from weaning to 4...
January 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093621/outcome-of-elderly-undergoing-extracorporeal-life-support-in-refractory-cardiogenic-shock
#18
Suzanne de Waha, Tobias Graf, Steffen Desch, Georg Fuernau, Ingo Eitel, Janine Pöss, Alexander Jobs, Thomas Stiermaier, Jakob Ledwoch, Ariane Wiedau, Philipp Lurz, Gerhard Schuler, Holger Thiele
BACKGROUND: The current study presents data from a real-world cohort of patients with refractory cardiogenic shock (CS) undergoing extracorporeal life support (ECLS) focusing on the comparison of elderly versus younger patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred consecutive patients with refractory CS underwent percutaneous ECLS implantation performed by interventional cardiologists. Follow-up was performed at hospital discharge as well as at a median of 18 months [interquartile range 15-36]...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093111/efficacy-of-tildipirosin-metaphylaxis-for-the-prevention-of-respiratory-disease-otitis-and-mortality-in-pre-weaned-holstein-calves
#19
A G V Teixeira, J A A McArt, R C Bicalho
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of two metaphylactic approaches (long acting antibiotic injected once at 10 days of life or twice at 10 and 35 days of life) on the prevention of bovine respiratory disease (BRD), otitis and mortality in high-risk group-housed pre-weaned Holstein heifer calves. The antibiotic of choice for the metaphylactic approach was a long acting macrolide (tildipirosin) administered subcutaneously at the base of the neck at a dose of 1 mL per 45 kg body weight. A clinical trial was carried out on one dairy farm with random allocation of newborn calves to one of three treatments: (1) control (CTR); (2) one injection at 10 days of life (M1); and (3) two injections at 10 and 35 days of life (M2)...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092346/differential-hypothalamic-leptin-sensitivity-in-obese-rat-offspring-exposed-to-maternal-and-postnatal-intake-of-chocolate-and-soft-drink
#20
M Kjaergaard, C Nilsson, A Secher, J Kildegaard, T Skovgaard, M O Nielsen, K Grove, K Raun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Intake of high-energy foods and maternal nutrient overload increases the risk of metabolic diseases in the progeny such as obesity and diabetes. We hypothesized that maternal and postnatal intake of chocolate and soft drink will affect leptin sensitivity and hypothalamic astrocyte morphology in adult rat offspring. METHODS: Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were fed ad libitum chow diet only (C) or with chocolate and high sucrose soft drink supplement (S)...
January 16, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
keyword
keyword
51650
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"