keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laryngeal paralysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327686/severity-of-dysphonia-in-patients-during-first-days-after-iatrogenic-injury
#1
Katarzyna Jędra, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Kazimierz Niemczyk
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is iatrogenic injury. Patients with symptoms of VFP present to the specialist after a couple of weeks or even months since the onset of symptoms. In the literature, the data regarding speech impairment during the first days after a iatrogenic injury is lacking. AIM: to evaluate the quality of voice during first days of vocal fold paralysis following a iatrogenic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with iatrogenic vocal fold paralysis who presented for phoniatric consultation at the Department of Otolaryngology of the Medical University of Warsaw between May 2015 and December 2016 were enrolled in the study...
October 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324376/evaluation-of-translaryngeal-percutaneous-arytenoid-lateralization-tpal-in-dogs-with-experimentally-created-laryngeal-paralysis
#2
Susannah J Sample, Robert J Hardie, John Stein, Julie Webb
The aim of this experimental study was to evaluate the effect of Translaryngeal Percutaneous Arytenoid Lateralization (TPAL) in dogs with experimentally created laryngeal paralysis. All dogs (n=5) underwent bilateral recurrent laryngeal neurectomy before TPAL. Two TPAL suture techniques were evaluated. TPAL-CranialCaudal (TPAL-CC) was performed first, followed 11 to 14days later by TPAL-DorsalVentral (TPAL-DV). For both techniques, a mattress suture was placed through the arytenoid cartilage via an oral approach...
December 15, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310885/characteristics-of-a-treatment-seeking-population-in-a-private-practice-community-voice-clinic-an-epidemiologic-study
#3
Christopher R Watts, Kristie Knickerbocker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate epidemiologic characteristics of a treatment-seeking population referred to a private practice community voice clinic. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Patient files representing evaluation referrals over a 28-month period were reviewed. Variables tabulated from records included disorder diagnosis, age, gender, perceptual voice quality ratings, and self-perceived voice handicap at initial evaluation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299524/computed-tomographic-assessment-of-autologous-fat-injection-augmentation-for-vocal-fold-paralysis
#4
Naoki Nishio, Yasushi Fujimoto, Mariko Hiramatsu, Takashi Maruo, Kenji Suga, Hidenori Tsuzuki, Nobuaki Mukoyama, Mariko Shimono, Kazuhiro Toriyama, Keisuke Takanari, Yuzuru Kamei, Michihiko Sone
Objective: To perform a quantitative computed tomography (CT) assessment of short- and long-term outcomes of autologous fat injection augmentation in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Study Design: Retrospective case series. Methods: Twelve patients who had undergone autologous fat injection augmentation for unilateral vocal fold paralysis in our hospital between 2011 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. The autologous fat for injection was acquired from periumbilical subcutaneous tissue and was injected orally using a special-purpose laryngeal injection needle...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287855/branchial-anomalies-in-children-a-report-of-105-surgical-cases
#5
Wanpeng Li, Hongming Xu, Liming Zhao, Xiaoyan Li
BACKGROUND: Branchial anomalies (BAs) account for 20% of all congenital masses in children. We sought to review the incidence of involvement of individual anomalies, diagnostic methods, surgical treatment, and complications of BAs in children. In addition, we also classified our study and analyzed a congenital lower neck cutaneous fistula near the sternoclavicular joint that was thought to be the skin-side remnant of the fourth BAs. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 105 children who were referred to our hospital from June 2009 to December 2016 for the treatment of BAs...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287848/recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-reinnervation-for-management-of-aspiration-in-a-subset-of-children
#6
Karen B Zur, Linda M Carroll
Pediatric aspiration is a multifactorial process that is often complex to manage. Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury can cause glottic insufficiency and aspiration. We describe three cases of unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting in aspiration and the successful use of the RLN reinnervation for its treatment. The theory for utilizing the reinnervation procedure is that when glottic closure improves and a less breathy vocalization occurs, then the larynx is better equipped to protect the lower airway and avoid aspiration...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280496/silent-aspiration-who-is-at-risk
#7
Priatharisiny Velayutham, Alexandria L Irace, Kosuke Kawai, Pamela Dodrill, Jennifer Perez, Monica Londahl, Lauren Mundy, Natasha D Dombrowski, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of silent aspiration in pediatric patients and identify which diagnoses may be associated with this finding. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was conducted for all patients under the age of 18 who underwent modified barium swallow (MBS) studies at a tertiary children's hospital in 2015. Speech-language pathologists reviewed MBS studies to identify aspiration/silent aspiration on each fluid consistency tested...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260776/-the-possibilities-for-the-restoration-of-the-laryngeal-function-the-current-state-of-the-art
#8
I V Reshetov, G V Polunin, A V Ananichuk, L I Ippolitov, A A Kovalenko
The restoration of the functional competence of the larynx following bilateral laryngeal nerve damage and vocal fold paralysis is a serious challenge for the surgeon that has thus far no satisfactory solution. Physiological re-innervation that occurs naturally with time is non-selective and, in the majority of the cases, leads to synkinesis. Laryngeal pacing achieved with the application of the implantable microchips appears to be a promising approach. The animal experiments have demonstrated the possibility of successful restoration of all the functions of the larynx by means of laryngeal pacing but simultaneously revealed a number of technical issues that have to be addressed if the further progress in this field is to be achieved including the choice of the proper materials for implantation, solution of problems pertaining to the neuromuscular mapping during pacer implantation, etc...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248388/voice-range-change-after-injection-laryngoplasty-for-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#9
Yu-Cheng Pei, Hsiu-Feng Chuang, Chia-Fen Chang, Tzu-Ling Chang, Hui-Chen Chiang, Tuan-Jen Fang
OBJECTIVES: Patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) caused by nerve injury manifest with voice changes. This study investigated vocal performance measured by voice range profile (VRP) in patients with UVFP and changes in VRP in response to intracordal hyaluronate injection. METHODS: Eighty-five patients with UVFP were enrolled prospectively, among whom 68 received intracordal hyaluronate injections. The outcome measurements included VRP, acoustic and aerodynamic analyses, peak turn frequency of thyroarytenoid-lateral cricoarytenoid muscle complex (TA-LCA) measured by laryngeal electromyography, and normalized glottal gap area by videolaryngostroboscopy...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236271/changes-in-abnormal-muscle-tension-pattern-after-fiberoptic-injection-laryngoplasty
#10
Georges Ziade, Ghassan Haddad, Sarah Assaad, Maher Kasti, Abdul-Latif Hamdan
We performed a retrospective chart review to compare the presence and types of abnormal muscle tension patterns (MTPs) in patients who had been diagnosed with glottal insufficiency before and after fiberoptic injection laryngoplasty. The main cause of glottal insufficiency had been unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Our review included an analysis of the medical records and laryngeal videostroboscopic recordings of 16 patients-9 men and 7 women, aged 25 to 87 years (mean: 59). Stroboscopic frames were analyzed for the presence of one or more types of abnormal MTP...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230133/invasive-insular-thyroid-carcinoma-presenting-as-nonparalytic-dysphonia
#11
Blake S Raggio, Blair M Barton, Maria C Grant, Judith A Fornadley, Jeffrey P Marino
Background: Patients with suspected thyroid malignancy often undergo preoperative laryngeal examination with a focus on vocal fold mobility. We present the unique case of a patient with invasive thyroid carcinoma who presented with dysphonia despite intact vocal fold motion. Case Report: A 73-year-old female with a remote thyroid lobectomy presented with dysphonia. Thyroid ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration revealed a 1.1-cm nodule consistent with a colloid cyst...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219186/improved-adductor-function-after-canine-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury-and-repair-using-muscle-progenitor-cells
#12
Randal C Paniello, Sarah Brookes, Neel K Bhatt, Khadijeh Bijangi-Vishehsaraei, Hongji Zhang, Stacey Halum
OBJECTIVE: Muscle progenitor cells (MPCs) can be isolated from muscle samples and grown to a critical mass in culture. They have been shown to survive and integrate when implanted into rat laryngeal muscles. In this study, the ability of MPC implants to enhance adductor function of reinnervated thyroarytenoid muscles was tested in a canine model. STUDY DESIGN: Animal study. METHODS: Sternocleidomastoid muscle samples were harvested from three canines...
December 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218130/neonatal-stridor-in-familial-congenital-laryngeal-paralysis-plott-syndrome-%C3%A2-a-case-study-in-an-omani-family
#13
Emad Sadek Shatla, Gowda Parameshwara Prashanth, Rodney Aguiar, Ganji Shivalingam, Adeel Ahmed Al Haq
Stridor presenting soon after birth due to bilateral abductor vocal cord paralysis (VCP) is rare. We report a family with bilateral VCP affecting four male members in two generations and hence suggesting X-linked recessive inheritance. Severe stridor in the neonatal period requires meticulous airway evaluation, and tracheostomy in 35-70% cases. The current trend is towards conservative management and tracheostomy is avoided unless respiratory distress is severe or life-threatening. Neonatal VCP can be an isolated finding, or it can be familial with or without syndromic features...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217857/a-comparison-of-haemodynamic-responses-between-clinical-assessment-guided-tracheal-intubation-and-neuromuscular-block-monitoring-guided-tracheal-intubation-a-prospective-randomised-study
#14
Rudranil Nandi, Shekhar Ranjan Basu, Susanta Sarkar, Rakesh Garg
Background and Aims: Haemodynamic responses to laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation and their hazards are well documented. The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of laryngoscopy and intubation on cardiovascular responses when the appropriate moment for intubation was directed by either clinical judgment or train-of-four assessment. Methods: A total of 68 patients, posted for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, were randomised into two groups. In Group M patients, the trachea was intubated after train of four counts became zero in adductor pollicis muscle, whereas in Group C patients, the trachea was intubated after the clinical judgment of jaw muscle relaxation...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215980/unilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-of-a-great-jewish-opera-singer
#15
Irit Duek, Jacob T Cohen, Ziv Gil
George London was one of the most compelling vocal artists of the early twentieth century. At the age of 47, the great bass-baritone retired from singing. It has been suggested that the premature ending of his operatic career was due to unilateral vocal cord palsy (UVCP). When London retired, the common belief was that this UVCP was caused by viral hepatitis, although there is no evidence to support such an etiology. London's medical records eliminate the possible etiology of a neck neoplasm, and the long period of time between a heart attack he experienced and his diagnosis of UVCP makes a cardiovascular etiology an unlikely causative factor...
December 6, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199443/successful-prediction-of-a-left-nonrecurrent-laryngeal-nerve-in-a-patient-with-right-sided-aorta-and-aberrant-left-subclavian-artery
#16
Xiaoyang Hua, Henry Diggelmann, Vishram Jalukar, Joseph W Turek, Nitin A Pagedar
BACKGROUND: Left nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve (LNRLN) is an extremely rare anatomic variant. The development of such anatomic variation requires the regression of both the fourth (aortic arch) and sixth (ductus arteriosus, DA) arches on the left side. Preoperative prediction of this variant is difficult but might reduce risk of nerve injury. METHODS: A 34-year-old female was indicated for thyroidectomy for a 2.4 cm follicular neoplasm and Graves' disease. Due to a positive medical history of 22q11...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193393/modified-first-or-second-cervical-nerve-transplantation-technique-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-laryngeal-neuropathy-in-horses
#17
F Rossignol, O Brandenberger, J D Perkins, J-P Marie, C Mespoulhès-Rivière, N G Ducharme
BACKGROUND: In horses, the only established method for reinnervation of the larynx is the nerve-muscle pedicle implantation, whereas in human medicine, direct nerve implantation is a standard surgical technique for selective laryngeal reinnervation in patients suffering from bilateral vocal fold paralysis. OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe a modified first or second cervical nerve transplantation technique for the treatment of recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) in horses and (2) evaluate the outcomes of reinnervation using direct nerve needle-stimulation of the first cervical nerve and exercising endoscopy before and after surgery...
November 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187691/-tapia-s-syndrome-following-transesophageal-echocardiography-during-an-open-heart-operation-a-case-report
#18
Satoru Fujiwara, Hajime Yoshimura, Kenta Nishiya, Keiichi Oshima, Michi Kawamoto, Nobuo Kohara
A 67-year-old man presented with hoarseness, dysarthria and deviation of the tongue to the left side the day after the open-heart operation under general anesthesia. Brain MRI demonstrated no causal lesion, and laryngoscope showed left vocal cord abductor palsy, so we diagnosed him with Tapia's syndrome (i.e., concomitant paralysis of the left recurrent and hypoglossal nerve). His neurological symptoms recovered gradually and improved completely four months after the onset. Tapia's syndrome is a rare condition caused by the extra cranial lesion of the recurrent laryngeal branch of the vagus nerve and the hypoglossal nerve, and mostly described as a complication of tracheal intubation...
November 28, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182396/effect-of-bilateral-ventriculocordectomy-via-ventral-laryngotomy-on-laryngeal-airway-resistance-in-larynges-of-canine-cadavers
#19
Penny J Regier, Timothy C McCarthy, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of bilateral ventriculocordectomy via ventral laryngotomy on laryngeal airway resistance (LAR) in canine cadaver larynges. SAMPLE 6 clinically normal canine cadaver larynges. PROCEDURES LAR was determined for each specimen before (baseline) and after bilateral ventriculocordectomy with the epiglottis open and closed. After ventral laryngotomy was performed, the vocal cords were sharply excised, and the incised mucosal edges were apposed with 4-0 glycomer 631 suture in a simple continuous pattern...
December 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167615/vocal-cord-paralysis-and-laryngeal-trauma-in-cardiac-surgery
#20
Yung-Yuan Chen, Yeo-Yee Chia, Pa-Chun Wang, Hsiu-Yen Lin, Chiu-Ling Tsai, Shaw-Min Hou
Background: Cardiac surgery - associated iatrogenic laryngeal trauma is often overlooked. We investigated the risk factors of vocal cord paralysis in cardiac surgery. Methods: Medical records were reviewed from 169 patients who underwent elective or emergency cardiac surgeries. Patients had transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) placed either under video fiberscopic image guidance (guided group) or blind placement (blind group). Routine postoperative otolaryngologist consultation with video laryngoscopic recording were performed...
November 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
keyword
keyword
5165
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"