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Doctor murder

Bruno Halioua
The Nazi doctors committed crimes in the camp of Auschwitz which constitute the darkest page in the history of medicine of the twentieth century. They were largely directly involved in the murder of the 1.1 million Jewish majority and about 21,000 gypsies who were transported from all over Europe. How can we explain the intellectual journey of those men who had embraced the medical career to relieve their neighbors? How could these cultivated and refined men, from the most prestigious faculties of medicine, have been able to achieve activities ethically unacceptable? Eight factors help to explain the crimes committed by these educated and cultivated SS doctors: indoctrination fervent to Nazism, adherence to racial hygiene, a false sense of participation in a "public health enterprise", virulent anti-Semitism, unreserved obedience to orders, the opportunity to avoid the danger of fighting areas, the ambition to carry out medical research and the desire to improve surgical knowledge...
May 3, 2018: La Presse Médicale
Harriet Rosanne Etheredge, Claire Penn, Jennifer Watermeyer
INTRODUCTION: South Africa is faced with very low deceased organ donor numbers. Often, sociocultural practices, which are thought to be fundamentally opposed to deceased organ donation, are hailed as the cause. However, other factors such as context, social perceptions, and clinical environment may play a role. AIM: The aim of this article is to present research that explored communication in organ transplant and identified barriers to organ donation decisions in a province of South Africa...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Hafsa O Ghanem Salameh, Rakiz J Salameh, Mohannad Shwaiki, Hasan Abder-Rahman
This study aims to highlight three types of femicide in Jordan - so-called 'honour killings', fatal intimate partner violence (IPV), and domestic violence committed by male family members other than the husband (DV) - and to compare them with the killing of women in non-gender related situations such as during a robbery. The autopsy reports of 100 adult female homicide victims dealt with at Jordan University Hospital in Amman during a 10-year period from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed. Based on information contained in the police reports they were assigned to one of four categories...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Evelyne Shuster
Three Hippocratic physicians played critical roles in the prosecution of 23 Nazi doctors charged with murder and torture for conducting lethal medical experiments on concentration camp prisoners. Two of the physicians, Leopold Alexander and Andrew C. Ivy, were Americans, and the other, Werner Leibbrandt, was German. At the 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial it is fitting to recall the three's influences and contributions to the formulation of strict research ethics rules, known as the Nuremberg Code. Their contributions help us better understand why they insisted on strict research rules and yet ultimately were unable to apply these rules to their own research...
January 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Richard D deShazo, Sara B Parker
During the fight to end segregation in the United States, most of the 25 or so black physicians who had not already left Mississippi took risks to become active in civil rights locally and nationally. One of the first was T.R.M. Howard, MD, whose life story is both an encouragement and warning for today's physicians. Howard, the protégé of a white Adventist physician, became active in civil rights during medical school. While serving as chief surgeon of the all-black hospital in Mississippi, he formed his own civil rights organization in 1951 and worked to solve the shootings of 2 of its members, George Lee and Gus Courts, and the murder of Emmett Till in 1955...
July 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Afsoon Taghavi, Mohammad Hashemi-Bahremani, Leili Hosseini, Shabnam Bazmi
This article investigates ethical challenges cancer patients face in the end stages of life including doctors' responsibilities, patients' rights, unexpected desires of patients and their relatives, futile treatments, and communication with patients in end stages of life. These patients are taken care of through palliative rather than curative measures. In many cases, patients in the last days of life ask their physician to terminate their illness via euthanasia which has many ethical considerations. Proponents of such mercy killing (euthanasia) believe that if the patient desires, the physician must end the life, while opponents of this issue, consider it as an act of murder incompatible with the spirit of medical sciences...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Yasuhiro Kadooka, Taketoshi Okita, Atsushi Asai
A murder case that had some features in common with the Tarasoff case occurred in Sasebo City, Japan, in 2014. A 15-year-old high school girl was murdered and her 16-year-old classmate was arrested on suspicion of homicide. One and a half months before the murder, a psychiatrist who had been examining the girl called a prefectural child consultation centre to warn that she might commit murder, but he did not reveal her name, considering it his professional duty to keep it confidential. Article 134 of the Japanese Criminal Law states that doctors should not disclose patient information obtained in clinical practice without a legitimate reason, but the Japanese Supreme Court has not specified what constitutes a legitimate reason...
September 2016: Bioethics
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Liliana Lorettu, Lorenzo Falchi, Fabrizia L Nivoli, Paolo Milia, Giancarlo Nivoli, Alessandra M Nivoli
AIM: To examine possible risk factors for the doctor to be killed by the patient in the clinical practice by examining a series of murders that involved physicians. METHODS: This aim has been achieved through a retrospective review on clinical cases of doctors killed by patients within the period between 1988 and 2013, in Italy. RESULTS: In this period 18 Italian doctors have been killed in the workplace, with a rate of 0.3/100,000. In 7 cases, the murder resulted in the context of doctor-dissatisfaction; in 7 cases the murder was committed by a psychiatric patient; 1 case in the context of a stalking; 3 cases occurred in a workplace which was not safe enough...
July 2015: Rivista di Psichiatria
Deping Wang, Wenlong Luo
A high rate of ENT doctors were murdered by nasal disordered patients in China recently. It is obviously important and urgent to find out whether there is any potential relationship between nasal diseases (ND) and psychological distress that might contribute to violent behavior. For this purpose, we carried out this literature review. There is a complex relationship between ND and psychiatric distress, which is mainly considered as a bidirectional causal relationship with other controversy opinions. However, most of the previous studies were found to be focused on allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis, while reports about other ND were rare...
2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Francisco Arredondo Trujillo, Santiago Gascón Santos, Luis Arturo Espino Álvarez, Maricela Torres Morquecho
OBJECTIVES: Physicians during their work activities have been exposed to suffering physical and non-physical aggression (insults, threats, sexual assaults and even murder) by patients. The frequency of such attacks has increased in recent years. The aim of this study is to identify the risk of attacks on physicians associated with the type of work place that health institutions have assigned them for their year of social service in Mexico. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted during 2012 of 371 physicians who were assigned to work in various community health centers called type "A", "B" or "C"...
December 2014: Gaceta Médica de México
Susan M Reverby
If the aphorism “history will be the judge” is deployed, the active agent of this formulation is the historian. Comparing two great(ly infamous) doctors,John C. Cutler and Alan Berkman, the article considers how historians balance digging for sources, creating meaningful narrative, and acknowledging our own beliefs that embed in the judgments we make. The article explores our responsibility for balance and moral judgment at the same time. Cutler, admonished for his role in the infamous sexually transmitted diseases studies in Tuskegee and Guatemala, also was a well-respected researcher and teacher...
2014: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Máté Julesz
This article deals with the intentional distinction between murder of first degree and passive euthanasia. In Hungary, active euthanasia is considered to be a murder of first degree, whilst the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg and Switzerland have legalized the active form of mercy killing in Europe. The palliative terminal care, when e.g. giving pain-killer morphine to the patient, might result in decreasing the patient's life-span, and thus causing indirect euthanasia. However, the legal institution of living will exists in several counter-euthanasia countries...
July 6, 2014: Orvosi Hetilap
D J McQuoid-Mason
Doctors who hasten the termination of the lives of their patients by withholding or withdrawing treatment or prescribing a potentially fatal palliative dose of medication satisfy the elements of intention and causation of a charge of murder against them. However, the courts have held that, for policy reasons based on 'society's legal convictions', such conduct is not unlawful if the patient consented to it or medical treatment would be futile or palliative treatment may hasten death. Doctors are not held liable for murder because society regards their omissions or acts as lawful--not because they did not have the intention in law to kill or did not cause the death of their patients...
February 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Andrzej Grzybowski, Tomasz Kazało, Mateusz Paluch, Marek Rekas
Theodor Ballaban was born in 1866 and died in 1941. He was distinguished Polish ophthalmologist, a brigadier general with a degree of doctor of medical sciences obtained in Lviv, a social worker and the author of many works on ophthalmology. His son--Karol, who was an ophthalmologist, too, was murdered in Katyn in 1940. Theodor Ballaban described a medical case of central retinal vein occlusion, emphasizing that lack of spontaneous venous pulsation is a core sign of occlusion. Subsequent research confirmed this fact...
2013: Klinika Oczna
Wei Gao, Martin Gulliford, Michael I Bennett, Fliss E M Murtagh, Irene J Higginson
BACKGROUND: End-of-life cancer patients commonly receive more than one type of strong opioid. The three-step analgesic ladder framework of the World Health Organisation (WHO) provides no guidance on multiple opioid prescribing and there is little epidemiological data available to inform practice. This study aims to investigate the time trend of such cases and the associated factors. METHODS: Strong opioid prescribing in the last three months of life of cancer patients were extracted from the General Practice Research Database (GPRD)...
2014: PloS One
L Mei, L Z Xu
A doctor was murdered at Wenling First People's Hospital in Zhejiang, China on October 25, 2013. During the incident, a patient assaulted three doctors, resulting in the death of one of the doctors. This incident has led to a heated discussion about the unhealthy doctor-patient relationship in China. There are complex reasons for the strained doctor-patient relationship in China, but one aspect that helped lead to this situation is the opacity of medical treatment. Research has shown that implementation of clinical pathways reduces the variability of clinical practice and improves outcomes...
October 2013: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Kate Greasley
The paper comments briefly on the recent controversy surrounding the criminal prosecution and conviction of rogue abortion doctor Kermit Gosnell in the USA, for, among other things, the murder of infants born alive. Without contesting the disturbing nature of the crimes committed by Gosnell and his colleagues, it critiques a few ways in which opponents of abortion have sought to use the case as ammunition against the legal provision of abortion and against the morality of all abortion.
June 2014: Journal of Medical Ethics
Farooq Khan, George Tadros
Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) is a controversial subject which has recently captured the interest of media, public, politicians, and medical profession. Although active euthanasia and PAS are illegal in most parts of the world, with the exception of Switzerland and the Netherlands, there is pressure from some politicians and patient support groups to legalize this practice in and around Europe that could possibly affect many parts of the world. The legal status of PAS and euthanasia in India lies in the Indian Penal Code, which deals with the issues of euthanasia, both active and passive, and also PAS...
January 2013: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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