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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165232/end-of-life-issues-in-cancer-cases-ethical-aspects
#1
Afsoon Taghavi, Mohammad Hashemi-Bahremani, Leili Hosseini, Shabnam Bazmi
This article investigates ethical challenges cancer patients face in the end stages of life including doctors' responsibilities, patients' rights, unexpected desires of patients and their relatives, futile treatments, and communication with patients in end stages of life. These patients are taken care of through palliative rather than curative measures. In many cases, patients in the last days of life ask their physician to terminate their illness via euthanasia which has many ethical considerations. Proponents of such mercy killing (euthanasia) believe that if the patient desires, the physician must end the life, while opponents of this issue, consider it as an act of murder incompatible with the spirit of medical sciences...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26865389/california-doctor-convicted-of-murder-in-overdose-deaths-is-sentenced-to-30-years
#2
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26833626/ethical-obligations-in-the-face-of-dilemmas-concerning-patient-privacy-and-public-interests-the-sasebo-schoolgirl-murder-case
#3
Yasuhiro Kadooka, Taketoshi Okita, Atsushi Asai
A murder case that had some features in common with the Tarasoff case occurred in Sasebo City, Japan, in 2014. A 15-year-old high school girl was murdered and her 16-year-old classmate was arrested on suspicion of homicide. One and a half months before the murder, a psychiatrist who had been examining the girl called a prefectural child consultation centre to warn that she might commit murder, but he did not reveal her name, considering it his professional duty to keep it confidential. Article 134 of the Japanese Criminal Law states that doctors should not disclose patient information obtained in clinical practice without a legitimate reason, but the Japanese Supreme Court has not specified what constitutes a legitimate reason...
September 2016: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26530490/california-doctor-convicted-of-murder-over-deaths-of-three-patients-by-overdose
#4
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26418598/-murder-of-the-doctor
#5
Liliana Lorettu, Lorenzo Falchi, Fabrizia L Nivoli, Paolo Milia, Giancarlo Nivoli, Alessandra M Nivoli
AIM: To examine possible risk factors for the doctor to be killed by the patient in the clinical practice by examining a series of murders that involved physicians. METHODS: This aim has been achieved through a retrospective review on clinical cases of doctors killed by patients within the period between 1988 and 2013, in Italy. RESULTS: In this period 18 Italian doctors have been killed in the workplace, with a rate of 0.3/100,000. In 7 cases, the murder resulted in the context of doctor-dissatisfaction; in 7 cases the murder was committed by a psychiatric patient; 1 case in the context of a stalking; 3 cases occurred in a workplace which was not safe enough...
July 2015: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26095351/nasal-diseases-and-psychological-distress
#6
Deping Wang, Wenlong Luo
A high rate of ENT doctors were murdered by nasal disordered patients in China recently. It is obviously important and urgent to find out whether there is any potential relationship between nasal diseases (ND) and psychological distress that might contribute to violent behavior. For this purpose, we carried out this literature review. There is a complex relationship between ND and psychiatric distress, which is mainly considered as a bidirectional causal relationship with other controversy opinions. However, most of the previous studies were found to be focused on allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis, while reports about other ND were rare...
2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25643885/-aggression-faced-by-doctors-during-social-service-in-mexico
#7
Francisco Arredondo Trujillo, Santiago Gascón Santos, Luis Arturo Espino Álvarez, Maricela Torres Morquecho
OBJECTIVES: Physicians during their work activities have been exposed to suffering physical and non-physical aggression (insults, threats, sexual assaults and even murder) by patients. The frequency of such attacks has increased in recent years. The aim of this study is to identify the risk of attacks on physicians associated with the type of work place that health institutions have assigned them for their year of social service in Mexico. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted during 2012 of 371 physicians who were assigned to work in various community health centers called type "A", "B" or "C"...
December 2014: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25345768/enemy-of-the-people-enemy-of-the-state-two-great-lyiinfamous-doctors-passions-and-the-judgment-of-history
#8
Susan M Reverby
If the aphorism “history will be the judge” is deployed, the active agent of this formulation is the historian. Comparing two great(ly infamous) doctors,John C. Cutler and Alan Berkman, the article considers how historians balance digging for sources, creating meaningful narrative, and acknowledging our own beliefs that embed in the judgments we make. The article explores our responsibility for balance and moral judgment at the same time. Cutler, admonished for his role in the infamous sexually transmitted diseases studies in Tuskegee and Guatemala, also was a well-respected researcher and teacher...
2014: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24974840/-passive-euthanasia-and-living-will
#9
REVIEW
Máté Julesz
This article deals with the intentional distinction between murder of first degree and passive euthanasia. In Hungary, active euthanasia is considered to be a murder of first degree, whilst the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg and Switzerland have legalized the active form of mercy killing in Europe. The palliative terminal care, when e.g. giving pain-killer morphine to the patient, might result in decreasing the patient's life-span, and thus causing indirect euthanasia. However, the legal institution of living will exists in several counter-euthanasia countries...
July 6, 2014: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24893534/withholding-or-withdrawing-treatment-and-palliative-treatment-hastening-death-the-real-reason-why-doctors-are-not-held-legally-liable-for-murder
#10
D J McQuoid-Mason
Doctors who hasten the termination of the lives of their patients by withholding or withdrawing treatment or prescribing a potentially fatal palliative dose of medication satisfy the elements of intention and causation of a charge of murder against them. However, the courts have held that, for policy reasons based on 'society's legal convictions', such conduct is not unlawful if the patient consented to it or medical treatment would be futile or palliative treatment may hasten death. Doctors are not held liable for murder because society regards their omissions or acts as lawful--not because they did not have the intention in law to kill or did not cause the death of their patients...
February 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24741935/-theodor-karol-ballaban-1866-1946-an-ophthalmologist-and-a-brigadier-general-of-the-polish-army
#11
Andrzej Grzybowski, Tomasz Kazało, Mateusz Paluch, Marek Rekas
Theodor Ballaban was born in 1866 and died in 1941. He was distinguished Polish ophthalmologist, a brigadier general with a degree of doctor of medical sciences obtained in Lviv, a social worker and the author of many works on ophthalmology. His son--Karol, who was an ophthalmologist, too, was murdered in Katyn in 1940. Theodor Ballaban described a medical case of central retinal vein occlusion, emphasizing that lack of spontaneous venous pulsation is a core sign of occlusion. Subsequent research confirmed this fact...
2013: Klinika Oczna
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24475016/managing-cancer-pain-at-the-end-of-life-with-multiple-strong-opioids-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-primary-care
#12
Wei Gao, Martin Gulliford, Michael I Bennett, Fliss E M Murtagh, Irene J Higginson
BACKGROUND: End-of-life cancer patients commonly receive more than one type of strong opioid. The three-step analgesic ladder framework of the World Health Organisation (WHO) provides no guidance on multiple opioid prescribing and there is little epidemiological data available to inform practice. This study aims to investigate the time trend of such cases and the associated factors. METHODS: Strong opioid prescribing in the last three months of life of cancer patients were extracted from the General Practice Research Database (GPRD)...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24270386/standardized-clinical-pathways-may-potentially-help-to-reduce-the-opacity-of-medical-treatment-in-china-reflections-on-the-murder-of-a-doctor-in-wenling-zhejiang
#13
L Mei, L Z Xu
A doctor was murdered at Wenling First People's Hospital in Zhejiang, China on October 25, 2013. During the incident, a patient assaulted three doctors, resulting in the death of one of the doctors. This incident has led to a heated discussion about the unhealthy doctor-patient relationship in China. There are complex reasons for the strained doctor-patient relationship in China, but one aspect that helped lead to this situation is the opacity of medical treatment. Research has shown that implementation of clinical pathways reduces the variability of clinical practice and improves outcomes...
October 2013: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23845928/the-pearl-of-the-pro-life-movement-reflections-on-the-kermit-gosnell-controversy
#14
Kate Greasley
The paper comments briefly on the recent controversy surrounding the criminal prosecution and conviction of rogue abortion doctor Kermit Gosnell in the USA, for, among other things, the murder of infants born alive. Without contesting the disturbing nature of the crimes committed by Gosnell and his colleagues, it critiques a few ways in which opponents of abortion have sought to use the case as ammunition against the legal provision of abortion and against the morality of all abortion.
June 2014: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23833354/physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-in-indian-context-sooner-or-later-the-need-to-ponder
#15
Farooq Khan, George Tadros
Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) is a controversial subject which has recently captured the interest of media, public, politicians, and medical profession. Although active euthanasia and PAS are illegal in most parts of the world, with the exception of Switzerland and the Netherlands, there is pressure from some politicians and patient support groups to legalize this practice in and around Europe that could possibly affect many parts of the world. The legal status of PAS and euthanasia in India lies in the Indian Penal Code, which deals with the issues of euthanasia, both active and passive, and also PAS...
January 2013: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23678093/philadelphia-abortion-doctor-is-convicted-of-murder
#16
Janice Hopkins Tanne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23639925/-euthanasia-of-children-in-nazi-germany-the-case-of-g%C3%A3-nter-nevermannn-on-the-responsibility-of-childhood-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#17
Kathleen Haack, Frank Häßler, Ekkehardt Kumbier
«Euthanasia» was the cynical euphemism used by the Nazis to refer to the systematic murder of hundreds of thousands of mentally sick and handicapped people between 1939 and 1945, at least 6,000 of whom were children. Based on the example of Günter Nevermann, this paper provides insight into the complex acts of registering, selecting, and targeting children labelled as "inferior" and "unworthy to live." This case clearly shows that Nazi doctors were not necessarily enmeshed in some tragic conflict. Rather, apparently without any qualms, they sacrificed the sick children who had been entrusted to their care, for the ideal of obtaining a "racially healthy corpus," a term used without being questioned...
May 2013: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23613335/a-rare-case-of-serial-killing-by-poisoning
#18
Erkki Vuori, Anna Pelander, Ilpo Rasanen, Mikko Juote, Ilkka Ojanperä
A case of serial killing by poisoning by a 59-year-old practical nurse is discussed. Following a report by an emergency-room doctor of an attempted murder, police performed an investigation into all deaths of patients in the nurse's care. Earlier, a medico-legal cause-of-death investigation had been performed on two of these cadavers, but in the other three cases the death certificate had been issued after a medical investigation only. In two of these latter cases, the body had been cremated, but fixed histological samples taken at medical autopsy were available, while in one case the person had died recently and the body was thereafter exhumed and autopsied...
September 2013: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23516696/doctor-jean-paul-marat-1743-93-and-his-time-as-a-physician-in-great-britain
#19
J R Silver, M-F Weiner
Jean-Paul Marat was a French revolutionary, famously murdered in his bath by Charlotte Corday in 1793. A lesser known fact is that for over ten years he lived in Britain where he practised as a doctor. During this time he visited London, Edinburgh, Dublin and Holland. Although he had no formal medical training, he published two medical papers on gleets (gonorrhoea) and diseases of the eyes and, on the recommendation of two eminent Scottish physicians, William Buchan and Hugh James, he was granted a medical degree from the University of St Andrews...
2013: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23230611/neuroscience-in-nazi-europe-part-iii-victims-of-the-third-reich
#20
REVIEW
Lawrence A Zeidman, Daniel Kondziella
In Part I, neuroscience collaborators with the Nazis were discussed, and in Part II, neuroscience resistors were discussed. In Part III, we discuss the tragedy regarding european neuroscientists who became victims of the Nazi onslaught on “non-Aryan” doctors. Some of these unfortunate neuroscientists survived Nazi concentration camps, but most were murdered. We discuss the circumstances and environment which stripped these neuroscientists of their profession, then of their personal rights and freedom, and then of their lives...
November 2012: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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