keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Murder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772072/the-forensic-confirmation-bias-a-comparison-between-experts-and-novices
#1
Claire A J van den Eeden, Christianne J de Poot, Peter J van Koppen
A large body of research has described the influence of context information on forensic decision-making. In this study, we examined the effect of context information on the search for and selection of traces by students (N = 36) and crime scene investigators (N = 58). Participants investigated an ambiguous mock crime scene and received prior information indicating suicide, a violent death or no information. Participants described their impression of the scene and wrote down which traces they wanted to secure...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759034/motives-offending-behavior-and-gender-differences-in-murder-perpetrators-with-or-without-psychosis
#2
Henning Hachtel, Margaret Nixon, Debra Bennett, Paul Mullen, James Ogloff
Little is known whether differences exist in motivation and reactive/instrumental offense behaviors between murder offenders with and without psychotic disorder. To contribute to better prevention strategies, the aim of this study was to investigate offense characteristics in murder offenders with a psychotic, nonpsychotic or no psychiatric diagnosis, and whether these factors differ according to sex. This data study examined the population of murder offenders between 1997 and 2005 ( N = 435) in Victoria, Australia...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757015/novichok-a-murderous-nerve-agent-attack-in-the-uk
#3
J Allister Vale, Timothy C Marrs, Robert L Maynard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740762/cognitive-psychology-expertise-and-the-calculation-of-the-probability-of-a-wrongful-conviction
#4
Jeffrey N Rouder, John T Wixted, Nicholas J S Christenfeld
Cognitive psychologists are familiar with how their expertise in understanding human perception, memory, and decision-making is applicable to the justice system. They may be less familiar with how their expertise in statistical decision-making and their comfort working in noisy real-world environments is just as applicable. Here we show how this expertise in ideal-observer models may be leveraged to calculate the probability of guilt of Gary Leiterman, a man convicted of murder on the basis of DNA evidence...
May 8, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731402/-how-can-we-explain-the-crimes-of-nazis-doctors-in-auschwitz
#5
Bruno Halioua
The Nazi doctors committed crimes in the camp of Auschwitz which constitute the darkest page in the history of medicine of the twentieth century. They were largely directly involved in the murder of the 1.1 million Jewish majority and about 21,000 gypsies who were transported from all over Europe. How can we explain the intellectual journey of those men who had embraced the medical career to relieve their neighbors? How could these cultivated and refined men, from the most prestigious faculties of medicine, have been able to achieve activities ethically unacceptable? Eight factors help to explain the crimes committed by these educated and cultivated SS doctors: indoctrination fervent to Nazism, adherence to racial hygiene, a false sense of participation in a "public health enterprise", virulent anti-Semitism, unreserved obedience to orders, the opportunity to avoid the danger of fighting areas, the ambition to carry out medical research and the desire to improve surgical knowledge...
May 3, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730000/the-role-of-language-in-suicide-reporting-investigating-the-influence-of-problematic-suicide-referents
#6
Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till
BACKGROUND: Although suicide experts recommend using neutral suicide referents in news media reporting, this recommendation has not yet been tested empirically. This recommendation, based on the empirically yet untested assumption that problematic suicide referents carry meaning that is inappropriate from a prevention perspective, may lead to a different perspective on suicide, termed "framing effects." For example, in German-speaking countries, the neutral term Suizid (suicide) is recommended...
February 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706122/a-qualitative-analysis-of-south-african-health-professionals-discussion-on-distrust-and-unwillingness-to-refer-organ-donors
#7
Harriet Rosanne Etheredge, Claire Penn, Jennifer Watermeyer
INTRODUCTION: South Africa is faced with very low deceased organ donor numbers. Often, sociocultural practices, which are thought to be fundamentally opposed to deceased organ donation, are hailed as the cause. However, other factors such as context, social perceptions, and clinical environment may play a role. AIM: The aim of this article is to present research that explored communication in organ transplant and identified barriers to organ donation decisions in a province of South Africa...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704379/mechanical-profiles-of-murder-and-murderers-an-extensive-review
#8
M R Kamaluddin, N S Md Shariff, G A Mat Saat
INTRODUCTION: Murder is an extreme form of violent crime which occurs across all social, cultural, and ethnic spheres. It is therefore, crucial to understand the nature and the extent of mechanical profiles of murder and murderers. The purpose of this article is to review such critical aspects of murder in a nutshell. METHODS: An archival research methodology was employed in this study where relevant search for literatures on these mechanical aspects related to murder was made across search engines such as Google Scholar and Elsevier with relevant articles selected for this review...
April 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696956/-an-historical-sociocultural-view-and-in-the-fiction-literature-of-bacillus-anthracis-cases-by-shaving-brushes
#9
REVIEW
E Vázquez-Espinosa, C Laganà, F Vazquez
In the period from 1915 to 1924 anthrax outbreaks were described by Bacillus anthracis due to the contamination of razor brushes that reached Europe and the United States from areas such as Japan, China or Russia. The brushes were made with badger hair, and then, to reduce the cost with horse hair and other animals. World War I supoosed that the traffics of these brushes, that passed through Europe, changed and the processes of sterilization of the same were deficient giving rise to these outbreaks, that in a percentage of 20% produced the death of the users...
April 25, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695945/thinking-about-denial
#10
Catherine Hall, Daniel Pick
This essay considers the frequent and varied uses of 'denial' in modern political discourse, suggests the specific psychoanalytic meanings the term has acquired and asks how useful this Freudian concept may be for historians. It notes the debates among historians over the uses of psychoanalysis, but argues that concepts such as 'denial', 'disavowal', 'splitting' and 'negation' can help us to understand both individual and group behaviour. The authors dwell, especially, on 'disavowal' and argue it can provide a particularly useful basis for exploring how and why states of knowing and not knowing co-exist...
October 2017: History Workshop Journal: HWJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691632/mathematical-modeling-of-climate-change-and-malaria-transmission-dynamics-a-historical-review
#11
REVIEW
Steffen E Eikenberry, Abba B Gumel
Malaria, one of the greatest historical killers of mankind, continues to claim around half a million lives annually, with almost all deaths occurring in children under the age of five living in tropical Africa. The range of this disease is limited by climate to the warmer regions of the globe, and so anthropogenic global warming (and climate change more broadly) now threatens to alter the geographic area for potential malaria transmission, as both the Plasmodium malaria parasite and Anopheles mosquito vector have highly temperature-dependent lifecycles, while the aquatic immature Anopheles habitats are also strongly dependent upon rainfall and local hydrodynamics...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684945/-it-s-going-to-be-extra-fun-analysis-of-an-atypical-case-of-teen-homicide-as-leisure-behavior
#12
D J Williams, Jolene Vincent
Recently, scholars in literary criminology and leisure sciences have begun to explore the role of broader leisure culture in potentially shaping fantasy development, planning, preparation, and execution in specific cases of expressive homicide. This brief report focuses on an unusual case of expressive homicide, wherein two teen offenders in Idaho collaborated to murder a female classmate as an intentional leisure activity. Prior to the murder, the offenders created a videotape describing how they planned to commit this (and additional) murders...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684937/the-swedish-school-attack-in-trollh%C3%A3-ttan
#13
Åsa Erlandsson, J Reid Meloy
This is a case report of the offender and offense characteristics of a targeted attack on a Swedish school using a sword, with a particular focus upon the offender's history, the relationship between mental disorder and ideology, and whether or not it was an act of terrorism. Findings indicate that the offender had no drug or psychiatric treatment history, but postoffense analysis suggests autism spectrum disorder, depression, and both suicidal ideation and intent. The offender planned and prepared for his attack, and the triggering event appeared to be the loss of a temporary job...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683044/lethal-explosions-in-a-non-terrorist-civilian-setting
#14
Roger W Byard
A study was undertaken to investigate the range and nature of deaths that may result from explosions in a civilian population that has not been exposed to terrorist attacks or significant military activities. A search was conducted of autopsy files at Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia, from July 2000 to June 2017 for all cases where death had been attributed to an explosion. Twenty cases were identified, consisting of 10 accidents, five suicides, two homicides, one murder-suicide with two decedents and one case where the manner of death was undetermined...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675608/gun-theft-and-crime
#15
Philip J Cook
Some law enforcement officials and other observers have asserted that theft is the primary source of guns to crime. In fact, the role of theft in supplying the guns used in robbery, assault, and murder is unknown, and current evidence provides little guidance about whether an effective program to reduce gun theft would reduce gun violence. The current article analyzes publicly available national data on gun theft together with a unique data set for Chicago. The results tend to support a conclusion that stolen guns play only a minor role in crime...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675280/what-can-happen-when-postpartum-anxiety-progresses-to-psychosis-a-case-study
#16
Vesna Pirec
This case report describes a primipara without documented psychiatric history prior to complicated delivery. Onset of severe insomnia and anxiety was right after childbirth but not treated. Obsessive thinking pattern became more prominent. The patient became depressed and sought psychiatric help four months after delivery. Insomnia was then treated pharmacologically. Anxiety and depression persisted, suicidal ideation emerged, and the patient became confused, indecisive, overwhelmed, and delusional regarding her child's health...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669466/-everything-changes-listening-to-homicidally-bereaved-individuals-practice-and-intervention-needs
#17
Filipa Alves-Costa, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Sarah Halligan
This study sought to understand how individuals bereaved through homicide (murder or manslaughter) describe their postevent experiences to inform clinical needs and promote mechanisms for change. A total of 21 participants (18 females) between the ages of 29 and 66 ( M age = 47.81 years, SD = 8.99) took part in this study. They were all participating in a residential program for homicidally bereaved individuals and were all residents in the United Kingdom. The sample comprised of 12 parents, five siblings, one partner, one daughter, one friend, and one grandmother of the deceased...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665195/the-banner-of-hope-and-solidarity-after-mass-murder
#18
Shane M Summers
On November 5, 2017, Brooke Army Medical Center emergency department (ED) was faced with the unthinkable: the deadliest mass shooting in Texas history, where 26 souls lost their lives attending church services in Sutherland Springs. That Sunday morning our trauma center received eight gunshot wound victims, 2 of whom were minors. Without warning, our residents faced a situation that they had only read about in textbooks. The residents led the trauma resuscitations that day and did so brilliantly. This article is protected by copyright...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663656/immoral-behaviour-following-brain-damage-a-review
#19
Stefanie Roberts, Julie D Henry, Pascal Molenberghs
Despite the apparent sociability of human kind, immoral behaviour is ever present in society. The term 'immoral behaviour' represents a complex array of conduct, ranging from insensitivity to topics of conversation through to violent assault and murder. To better understand the neuroscience of immoral behaviour, this review investigates two clinical populations that commonly present with changes in moral behaviour - behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia and acquired brain injuries. Based on evidence from these groups, it is argued that rather than a single underlying cause, immoral behaviour can result from three distinct types of cognitive failure: (1) problems understanding others; (2) difficulties controlling behaviour; or (3) deficits in the capacity to make appropriate emotional contributions...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643373/reading-willy-wonka-in-the-era-of-anti-thinking
#20
Ian S Miller
Whether encountered as a movie or novel, Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a childhood staple of postwar Anglophone culture. Originally published in 1964, Dahl's story of "Willie Wonka" is a morality tale for our times addressed by the present essay in relation to the precariousness, violence, intergenerational faith, and materialist fantasies reflective of contemporary life in the early twenty-first century. Compensating for the precarity of contemporary life's impoverishment as assumptions of societal stability are overthrown, this chronicle of the Bucket family details: envious desire validated by large group chosen trauma; authoritarian enslavement of inferior, colonized peoples with murderous, industrial-level human experimentation; toward gratification of the greedy fantasy of unlimited sweetness under the sway of lethal identification with the aggressor...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
keyword
keyword
51637
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"