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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335351/endocrinologist-charged-with-murder-of-wife-who-threatened-to-reveal-his-opioid-dealing
#1
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333057/family-counts-deciding-when-to-murder-among-the-icelandic-vikings
#2
Markel Palmstierna, Anna Frangou, Anna Wallette, Robin Dunbar
In small scale societies, lethal attacks on another individual usually invite revenge by the victim's family. We might expect those who perpetrate such attacks to do so only when their own support network (mainly family) is larger than that of the potential victim so as to minimise the risk of retaliation. Using data from Icelandic family sagas, we show that this prediction holds whether we consider biological kin or affinal kin (in-laws): on average, killers had twice as many relatives as their victims. These findings reinforce the importance of kin as a source of implicit protection even when they are not physically present...
March 2017: Evolution and Human Behavior: Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331713/repeated-attempted-homicide-by-administration-of-drugs-documented-by-hair-analysis
#3
Valérie Baillif-Couniou, Christophe Bartoli, Caroline Sastre, Marjorie Chèze, Marc Deveaux, Georges Léonetti, Anne-Laure Pélissier-Alicot
Attempted murder by repeated poisoning is quite rare. The authors describe the case of a 62-year-old man who was admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for neurological disturbances complicated by inhalation pneumopathy. He presented a loss of consciousness while his wife was visiting him at the ICU (H0). Forty-eight hours later (H48), police officers apprehended the patient's wife pouring a liquid into his fruit salad at the hospital. Toxicological analyses of a blood sample and the infusion equipment (H0), as well as the fruit salad and its container (H48), confirmed the attempted poisoning with cyamemazine (H0) and hydrochloric acid (H48)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323805/wisconsin-firearm-mortality-2000-2014
#4
Wen-Jan Tuan, John J Frey
BACKGROUND: Despite low firearm mortality rates in Wisconsin, overall firearm fatalities continue to rise in recent years. In 2013, the statewide age-adjusted death rate due to firearms was 9.6 per 100,000 persons, the highest mark since the new millennium. This raises not only public safety concerns, but also raises questions regarding ongoing gun violence. OBJECTIVES: To describe the population and geographic characteristics of firearm mortality rates on population and geographic characteristics in Wisconsin...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315544/homicide-suicide-in-cuyahoga-county-ohio-1991-2016
#5
Wendy C Regoeczi, Thomas Gilson
Research on homicides followed by suicides has relied heavily on small samples and relatively short time spans of data. This study helps to fill this gap by examining 26 years of homicide-suicide data from Cuyahoga County, Ohio, between 1991 and 2016. The main data source for the study is medical examiner files. Analyses of the data indicate the rate of homicide-suicide in Cuyahoga County is consistent with other studies but fluctuates considerably across years studied. The majority of victims are female while perpetrators are overwhelmingly male...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314024/and-the-dish-ran-away-with-the-spoon-a-hodgepodge-of-reflections-as-rigorous-as-they-are-rambling-on-the-true-subject
#6
Greg Mogenson
In this article, the topic of 'the true subject' is explored in terms of a dialectical mode thinking which is in keeping with Jung's great insight concerning psychology's lack of an Archimedean vantage-point distinct from its topics and subject matters. Evocative and expository, the emphasis is upon the performative poetics of such thinking within the sphere of our soul-making. The interpretative mode of practice presented in the article is richly illustrated with examples from Biblical texts, literary images, and proverbial sayings, as well as from the sur-real of nursery rhyme and the genre of the murder mystery...
February 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311698/comparative-analysis-of-bones-mites-soil-chemistry-nematodes-and-soil-micro-eukaryotes-from-a-suspected-homicide-to-estimate-the-post-mortem-interval
#7
Ildikó Szelecz, Sandra Lösch, Christophe V W Seppey, Enrique Lara, David Singer, Franziska Sorge, Joelle Tschui, M Alejandra Perotti, Edward A D Mitchell
Criminal investigations of suspected murder cases require estimating the post-mortem interval (PMI, or time after death) which is challenging for long PMIs. Here we present the case of human remains found in a Swiss forest. We have used a multidisciplinary approach involving the analysis of bones and soil samples collected beneath the remains of the head, upper and lower body and "control" samples taken a few meters away. We analysed soil chemical characteristics, mites and nematodes (by microscopy) and micro-eukaryotes (by Illumina high throughput sequencing)...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301837/failed-power-plant-turns-into-mass-murder-new-insight-on-mitochondrial-cardiomyopathy
#8
EDITORIAL
Chi Fung Lee, Yang Cao, Rong Tian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301467/a-comprehensive-study-of-mass-murder-precipitants-and-motivations-of-offenders
#9
Melanie A Taylor
Much speculation has been made in the media as to the causes of mass murder in the United States, yet little empirical research exists to verify factors leading to violence. Prior research primarily relies on case study methodologies or small data sets, but none have focused on the underlying issues observed in a comprehensive national sample. Data for the current study include 152 mass murders reported through the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports and USA Today from 2007 to 2011, which were then matched with media reports for each event...
February 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294999/when-a-wife-says-no-wife-sexual-refusal-as-a-factor-in-husband-wife-homicides-in-ghana
#10
Mensah Adinkrah
In Ghana, wife sexual refusal is a key factor in uxoricides or husband-to-wife murders. Despite this, there is a dearth of systematic research that examines sexual strife as a precipitant of domestic violence and spousal murder. The present article addresses the current lack of research by systematically examining 25 cases of homicides and attempted homicides where wives were lethally and nonlethally assaulted by their husbands following the former's refusal to engage in husband-initiated sexual intercourse...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294998/social-and-contextual-influences-on-mental-health-following-an-episode-of-mass-violence
#11
Erika D Felix, Stephanie A Moore, Haley Meskunas, Antoniya Terzieva
Few studies explore how the recovery context following an episode of mass violence affects posttragedy mental health (MH), despite clear implications for developing posttrauma supports. Following a mass murder, this prospective, longitudinal study examined how reactions to media coverage, family reactions, and disappointment in social support influenced posttragedy MH (posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety), above and beyond the influence of pretragedy MH, pretragedy victimization, and objective exposure...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294976/a-multivariate-comparison-of-family-felony-and-public-mass-murders-in-the-united-states
#12
Emma E Fridel
The mass murderer is known by a variety of names in both public and academic spheres, from the family annihilator to the active shooter, from the workplace avenger to the rampage school shooter. Although most researchers acknowledge that the phenomenon is heterogeneous, mass killing has defied classification, and currently no consensus typology exists. Most previous efforts at developing a classification scheme have focused on sorting these multicides into three broad groups, namely, family, felony, and public mass killings, exclusively relying on qualitative methods and case-study analysis to do so...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294859/prison-homicide-an-extension-of-violent-criminal-careers
#13
Thomas J Reidy, Jon R Sorensen, Heidi Stone Bonner
This study investigated prison homicide perpetrators through the lens of the career criminal perspective. Prison homicide, while a rare event, has critical implications for the prison environment. Despite its importance as a form of institutional violence that must be addressed, only four studies in the past five decades have explored the characteristics of homicide perpetrators/victims, the motives, and circumstances of the crime. The goal of the current study was to develop a better understanding of prison homicide by examining 54 perpetrators who committed 37 inmate homicides over 40 years in a mid-Western state prison system...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294843/racial-differences-among-juvenile-homicide-offenders-an-empirical-analysis-of-37-years-of-u-s-arrest-data
#14
Kathleen M Heide, Cedric Michel, John Cochran, Norair Khachatryan
Homicides by juvenile offenders have been of great interest to the public and policymakers in the United States for four decades. Despite the concern over young murderers, many analyses have been limited to small clinical samples. Empirical studies using Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR) data, a national database maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, have largely concentrated on analyzing basic victim, offender, and offense data or exploring gender differences. Racial differences, when explored with respect to juvenile homicide offenders (JHOs), largely have concentrated on White and Black offenders, given the low percentage involvement of American Indians and Alaskan Natives, and Asian and Pacific Islanders...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294826/men-s-accounts-of-passion-killings-in-the-namibian-context
#15
Simon Duff, Mirjam Nampweya, Jeremy Tree
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global social problem, which may result in intimate partner homicide (IPH). Much of the research concerned with IPH is based in developed nations and as such this study explored men's explanations for IPH (known locally as "passion killing") in the Namibian context by interviewing 10 individuals who were convicted and sentenced for the murder of their female intimate partners. A semi-structured interview was conducted with the offenders and the resulting transcripts were analyzed by Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294820/familicide-in-italy-an-exploratory-study-of-cases-involving-male-perpetrators-1992-2015
#16
Domenico Tosini
This article adds to the literature on familicide by providing specific insights from the Italian experience. It presents results of an exploratory investigation into male-perpetrated familicides in Italy between 1992 and 2015. Familicide is defined as the killing of the spouse or intimate partner, and at least one child, at the hand of the other spouse/partner. Incidents of familicide were collated from newspaper reports. We identified 90 cases, resulting in 207 deaths. On average, perpetrators were middle aged ( M = 46...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294817/characteristics-for-the-identification-of-children-who-commit-family-murder-in-south-africa
#17
Melanie Carmen Moen
Children who commit family murder have been increasingly reported on in the South African media. Violence of this type has far-reaching consequences for families and communities. In this qualitative study, nine documented cases of children who committed family murder were analyzed to gain an in-depth understanding of the factors that contribute to children murdering family members. The personal and systemic reasons for these types of murders guided the research. The Interpersonal Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory (IPARTheory) was used as theoretical framework...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294712/exploration-of-crime-scene-characteristics-in-juvenile-homicide-in-the-french-speaking-part-of-belgium
#18
F Jeane Gerard, Kate C Whitfield, Kevin D Browne
This study explores modeling crime-scene characteristics of juvenile homicide in the French-speaking part of Belgium. Multidimensional scaling analysis was carried out on crime-scene characteristics derived from the court files of 67 individuals under 22 years old, who had been charged with murder or attempted murder (1995-2009). Three thematic regions (Expressive: multiple offenders; Instrumental: theft; Instrumental: sex/forensic awareness) distinguished types of aggression displayed during the offense. These themes reaffirm that the expressive-instrumental differentiation found in general homicide studies is valuable when attempting to discriminate juvenile homicides...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290191/epidemic-of-kala-pathar-paraphenylene-diamine-poisoning-an-emerging-threat-in-southern-punjab
#19
Muhammad Ahmed Khan, Sumera Akram, Hassan Bin Usman Shah, Syed Abdul Mannan Hamdani, Muhammad Khan
OBJECTIVE: To assess cases of the spectrum of Kala Patharpoisoning in all age groups. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Bahawalpur and Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH), Bahawalpur, from January 2016 to April 2017. METHODOLOGY: All the cases of Kala Pathar(Paraphenylene diamine (PPD)) poisoning, admitted and treated at the study places during said period were included in the study...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283002/twenty-three-years-1993-2015-of-homicide-trends-in-the-transkei-region-of-south-africa
#20
Meel Banwari
Background Transkei is regarded as a rural part of South Africa. It was one of the black homelands where rigorous apartheid was practised. The incidence of firearm-related deaths used to be very high, but after the implementation of the Firearm Control Act in 2002, the trend changed. However, the murder rate is still a major public-health problem in this region of South Africa. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate 23 years (1993-2015) of homicide trends in the Transkei region of South Africa. Method A review of records of medico-legal autopsies performed at Mthatha Forensic Pathology Laboratory from 1993 to 2015 was undertaken...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
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