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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899159/book-review-a-murder-over-a-girl-justice-gender-junior-high-a-murder-over-a-girl-justice-gender-junior-high-by-corbett-ken-new-york-henry-holt-2016-xiv-273-pp-27-00-hardcover
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882277/the-need-for-detailed-gender-specific-occupational-safety-analysis
#2
Fernanda Cruz Rios, Wai K Chong, David Grau
INTRODUCTION: The female work in population is growing in the United States, therefore the occupational health and safety entities must start to analyze gender-specific data related to every industry, especially to nontraditional occupations. Women working in nontraditional jobs are often exposed to extreme workplace hazards. These women have their safety and health threatened because there are no adequate policies to mitigate gender-specific risks such as discrimination and harassment...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881042/nature-nurture-and-capital-punishment-how-evidence-of-a-genetic-environment-interaction-future-dangerousness-and-deliberation-affect-sentencing-decisions
#3
Natalie Gordon, Edie Greene
Research has shown that the low-activity MAOA genotype in conjunction with a history of childhood maltreatment increases the likelihood of violent behaviors. This genetic-environment (G × E) interaction has been introduced as mitigation during the sentencing phase of capital trials, yet there is scant data on its effectiveness. This study addressed that issue. In a factorial design that varied mitigating evidence offered by the defense [environmental (i.e., childhood maltreatment), genetic, G × E, or none] and the likelihood of the defendant's future dangerousness (low or high), 600 mock jurors read sentencing phase evidence in a capital murder trial, rendered individual verdicts, and half deliberated as members of a jury to decide a sentence of death or life imprisonment...
September 7, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861133/microbial-murders-crime-scene-investigation-an-active-team-based-learning-project-that-enhances-student-enthusiasm-and-comprehension-of-clinical-microbial-pathogens
#4
J Jordan Steel
Microbial disease knowledge is a critical component of microbiology courses and is beneficial for many students' future careers. Microbiology courses traditionally cover core concepts through lectures and labs, but specific instruction on microbial diseases varies greatly depending on the instructor and course. A common project involves students researching and presenting a disease to the class. This method alone is not very effective, and course evaluations have consistently indicated that students felt they lacked adequate disease knowledge; therefore, a more hands-on and interactive disease project was developed called Microbial Murders...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853045/-the-history-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria-essay-about-a-long-development
#5
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein
The history of child and adolescent psychiatry in Austria is very short - it was established first in 1975, finally it achieved the status of a seperate specialisation in 2007. In earlier years the name of this specialty was used under the guise of scientific interest for malpractice and child abuse or child murder during the times of the 2nd World War.But also, the development after 1945 showed how long abviant ideas could survive. During the last decade CAP showed a formidable development, quality and support of patient care improved significantly...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832846/feminicides-in-porto-alegre-how-many-who-are-they
#6
Ane Freitas Margarites, Stela Nazareth Meneghel, Roger Flores Ceccon
Objective: To quantify and typify the feminicides occurred in the city of Porto Alegre from 2006 to 2010. Methods: Cross-sectional study that examines the sociodemographic characteristics of victims and perpetrators and the circumstances of feminicides obtained in police investigations of women murdered in the city of Porto Alegre. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS software, version 20.0, with the χ2 test; p <0.05 was considered as significant...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832274/male-and-female-single-victim-sexual-homicide-offenders-distinguishing-the-types-of-weapons-used-in-killing-their-victims
#7
Heng Choon Oliver Chan, Kathleen M Heide, Eric Beauregard
Most studies have focused on male sexual homicide offenders (SHOs) without testing whether sex differences exist. Accordingly, little is known about the distinctions between male and female SHOs, particularly with respect to their use of weapons in killing their victims. This study used a sample of 3,160 single-victim sexual homicide cases (3,009 male and 151 female offenders) from the U.S. Supplementary Homicide Reports database to explore sex differences in the types of murder weapons used by offenders in killing victims over the 37-year period 1976 to 2012...
August 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818115/the-use-of-genetic-markers-to-estimate-relationships-between-dogs-in-the-course-of-criminal-investigations
#8
Roberta Ciampolini, Francesca Cecchi, Isabella Spinetti, Anna Rocchi, Filippo Biscarini
OBJECTIVE: Attacks on humans by dogs in a pack, though uncommon, do happen, and result in severe, sometimes fatal, injuries. We describe the role that canine genetic markers played during the investigation of a fatal dog-pack attack involving a 50-year-old male truck driver in a parking lot in Tuscany (Italy). Using canine specific STR genetic markers, the local authorities, in the course of their investigations, reconstructed the genetic relationships between the dogs that caused the deadly aggression and other dogs belonging to the owner of the parking who, at the moment of the aggression, was located in another region of Italy...
August 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812792/a-case-for-open-network-health-systems-systems-as-networks-in-public-mental-health
#9
Michael Grant Rhodes, Marten W de Vries
Increases in incidents involving so-called confused persons have brought attention to the potential costs of recent changes to public mental health (PMH) services in the Netherlands. Decentralized under the (Community) Participation Act (2014), local governments must find resources to compensate for reduced central funding to such services or "innovate." But innovation, even when pressure for change is intense, is difficult. This perspective paper describes experience during and after an investigation into a particularly violent incident and murder...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768656/antidepressants-and-murder-case-not-closed
#10
Gwen Adshead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755726/the-underappreciated-doctors-of-the-american-civil-rights-movement-part-i-theodore-roosevelt-mason-howard-md
#11
EDITORIAL
Richard D deShazo, Sara B Parker
During the fight to end segregation in the United States, most of the 25 or so black physicians who had not already left Mississippi took risks to become active in civil rights locally and nationally. One of the first was T.R.M. Howard, MD, whose life story is both an encouragement and warning for today's physicians. Howard, the protégé of a white Adventist physician, became active in civil rights during medical school. While serving as chief surgeon of the all-black hospital in Mississippi, he formed his own civil rights organization in 1951 and worked to solve the shootings of 2 of its members, George Lee and Gus Courts, and the murder of Emmett Till in 1955...
July 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733565/customary-marriages-in-rural-pakistan
#12
N Rehan, K Qayyum
BACKGROUND: Although the incidents of customary marriages are frequently reported in Pakistani press, yet no large scale community-based study has ever been conducted to gauge the magnitude of such marriages. The present study is the first-ever community based study on this topic. METHODS: 4,385 ever-married women, aged 18-83 years, from six rural districts, were interviewed to enquire about the types of their marriages. The data was collected through interviews conducted by trained female interviewers and analysed through SPSS-20...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701052/-they-accused-me-of-strangling-her-epilepsy-and-violence-debate-in-croatia-at-the-end-of-the-nineteenth-and-the-beginning-of-the-twentieth-centuries
#13
Martin Kuhar, Stella Fatović-Ferenčić
Nineteenth-century psychiatry shifted its focus to the brain as the seat of mental disorders. With a new understanding of mental disorders arose the need to consult forensic psychiatrists in cases of criminal acts committed by persons with mental illness. This article focuses on three murders committed by 'epileptics' at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries in Croatia. An analysis of these cases will help to situate forensic psychiatry at the turn of the century within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and reveal the authority that forensic experts wielded in the courts...
July 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697681/a-particularly-complex-case-of-matricide-by-means-of-plastic-bag-suffocation-case-report
#14
Arnaldo Stanislao Migliorini, Michele Boracchi, Guendalina Gentile, Francesca Maciocco, Andrea Piccinini, Riccardo Zoja
A rare case of homicide with plastic bag suffocation is presented in which forensic genetic investigations were carried out on the inner surface of a plastic bag placed over the head of an elderly woman, bedridden after a stroke. The results obtained suggested that she had been murdered and hinted at the perpetrator of the crime. In fact, it emerged that biological traces left by the victim matched those of her principal caregiver, her psychotic daughter, who later confessed to the crime. The old woman also had a son affected by a serious illness, whose genetic profile was found on the same bag...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691776/a-simple-method-of-vntr-d1s80-locus-allelic-ladder-construction-for-capillary-electrophoresis-based-genotyping
#15
Ju Yeon Jung, Su-Ji Kim, Yu-Li Oh, Si-Keun Lim, Yang Han Lee, Jung Ho Hwang
VNTR D1S80 locus genotyping has been largely replaced in forensics by STR. As the statute of limitations on murder cases was abolished in the Republic of Korea in July 2015, the demand for re-analysis of DNA from unresolved murder cases has increased. The National Forensic Service includes several recorded D1S80 genotypes as crucial clues. Here, we re-established the D1S80 analysis system using capillary electrophoresis and confirmed the reproducibility of the system by comparison with the genotypes of eight DNA samples that had been analyzed using PAGE in 2006...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685838/do-undiagnosed-suicide-decedents-have-symptoms-of-a-mental-disorder
#16
Thomas E Joiner, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Carol Chu
BACKGROUND: Psychological autopsy studies consistently report that the rate of detected mental disorders among suicide decedents is below 100%. This implies three possibilities: (a) a subset of suicide decedents did not have a mental disorder at the time of death; (b) all suicide decedents suffered from a mental disorder, but some were undetected due to methodological limitations; and/or (c) suicide decedents with an undetected mental disorder displayed significant and perhaps subclinical features of a mental disorder...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674156/the-botulinum-toxin-legend-of-reinhard-heydrich-s-death-the-end-of-himmler-s-brain
#17
Laurent Tatu, Wolfgang Jost, Julien Bogousslavsky
The high-ranking German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich (1904-1942) was one of the main organizers of the mass murder of Jews during the Second World War. He died on June 4, 1942, in Prague after having been wounded in Operation Anthropoid planned by the British intelligence services. Since the 1970s and 1980s, Heydrich's death has been frequently presented in British, American, and French literature as the consequence of a bacteriologic attack. Botulinum toxin would have been used in the grenades or ammunition. We discuss the botulinum toxin hypothesis using the now declassified British archives of Operation Anthropoid and of the chemical and bacteriologic warfare centers to assess this hypothesis...
July 4, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671002/offending-adjudication-and-outcome-patterns-of-solo-male-solo-female-and-partnered-mass-murderers
#18
Elizabeth A Gurian
Research on mass murder is limited due to differences in definitions (particularly with respect to victim count), as well as categorizations based on motive. These limitations restrict our understanding of the offending, adjudication, and outcome patterns of these offenders and can obscure potential underlying similarities to comparable types of offenders (e.g., lone actors or terrorists). To address some of these limitations, this research study, which includes an international sample of 434 cases (455 total offenders), uses descriptive and empirical analyses of solo male, solo female, and partnered mass murderers (teams of two or more) to explore offending, adjudication, and outcome patterns among these different types offenders...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668480/a-new-challenge-in-forensic-toxicology-exemplified-by-a-case-of-murder-under-the-influence-of-a-synthetic-cannabinoid-am-2201
#19
Sebastian Rojek, Małgorzata Kłys, Martyna Maciów-Głąb, Karol Kula
Among new psychoactive substances (NPS) available on the narcotic market, a significant number consists of synthetic cannabinoids commonly known as smokable herbal "spice" and "K2", and which are legally treated as a legal alternative to marijuana. The dearth of information on the pharmacology of these intoxicants as they are introduced into the market has created the urgent need among healthcare providers for case studies on the substances belonging to this group, both in terms of the consequences of using such intoxicants, and in methods of detection...
June 24, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660113/study-analysis-revelation-of-truth-or-murder-by-numbers
#20
Joseph R Dettori, Daniel C Norvell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Global Spine Journal
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