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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162612/pharmacist-who-helped-his-father-die-walks-free-after-being-acquitted-of-murder
#1
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161059/american-doctors-at-the-nuremberg-medical-trial
#2
Evelyne Shuster
Three Hippocratic physicians played critical roles in the prosecution of 23 Nazi doctors charged with murder and torture for conducting lethal medical experiments on concentration camp prisoners. Two of the physicians, Leopold Alexander and Andrew C. Ivy, were Americans, and the other, Werner Leibbrandt, was German. At the 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial it is fitting to recall the three's influences and contributions to the formulation of strict research ethics rules, known as the Nuremberg Code. Their contributions help us better understand why they insisted on strict research rules and yet ultimately were unable to apply these rules to their own research...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157511/subtypes-of-homicide-offenders-based-on-psychopathic-traits
#3
Marija Pajevic, Borjanka Batinic, Nikola Stevanovic
The aim of the present study was to explore the subtypes of offenders based on psychopathic traits in a sample of 127 adult homicide offenders (n=40.3% convicted of murder, n=32.6% convicted of aggravated murder, n=27.1% convicted of attempted murder). A two-step cluster analysis of the four factors of psychopathy yielded three clusters, which were then compared on the general dimensions of personality defined by the HEXACO model, intelligence, sadism and psychopathology variables conceptualized by the MMPI-202...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142909/transgender-women-s-drug-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#4
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Elaine McGlaughlin, Rebecca Charow, Rosa Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Purpose: Studies on drug use in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. Considering that drug use can be a coping mechanism to deal with stigma and traumatic experiences, we examined associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Methods: Bivariate analyses examined differences between drug users and abstainers (n=287). Multivariate analyses reported odds ratios (OR) with general drug, marijuana, and cocaine use as outcomes (n=243)...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106277/dark-and-vulnerable-personality-trait-correlates-of-dimensions-of-criminal-behavior-among-adult-offenders
#5
Bethany G Edwards, Emily Albertson, Edelyn Verona
Given the high-level impact of crime, empirical work is needed to identify personality traits, or overarching factors of personality pathology, that may leave individuals more prone to engage in criminal behaviors. This study empirically tested the distinction between the dark personality and vulnerable dark personality spectra (Miller et al., 2010) in a large offender sample and aimed to test how these personality factors relate to criminal dimensions and individual types of crime. Self-report and public record data verified criminal behaviors for 493 (34...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103371/prolonged-incarceration-and-prisoners-wellbeing-livid-experiences-of-awaiting-trial-pre-trial-remand-prisoners-in-nigeria
#6
Charles T Orjiakor, Dorothy I Ugwu, John E Eze, Leonard I Ugwu, Peace N Ibeagha, Desmond U Onu
PURPOSE: Awaiting trial prisoners (ATPs) are represented in prisons globally, and may stay for long periods in detention. This group is however underrepresented in literature on incarcerated persons. We aim to explore the lived experiences of ATPs detained for prolonged years in a sub-Saharan country; examining what they make of their status and how their conditions have affected their wellbeing. METHOD: Eight inmates awaiting trial for armed robbery and murder offences, held for between 8 years and 15 years participated in a focus group discussion...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095894/suicides-as-a-response-to-adverse-market-sentiment-1980-2016
#7
Pankaj Agrrawal, Doug Waggle, Daniel H Sandweiss
Financial crises inflict significant human as well as economic hardship. This paper focuses on the human fallout of capital market stress. Financial stress-induced behavioral changes can manifest in higher suicide and murder-suicide rates. We find that these rates also correlate with the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate (negatively associated; a -0.25% drop [in the rate of change in annual suicides for a +1% change in the independent variable]), unemployment rate (positive link; 0.298% increase), inflation rate (positive link; 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059707/judicial-murder-suicides-in-van-diemen-s-land
#8
Roger W Byard, Hamish Maxwell Stewart
On the morning of December 17, 1827, nine convicts were executed by public hanging in Hobart Town, the capital of the British colony of Van Diemen's Land (now the Australian state of Tasmania). Two months previously they had drowned senior Constable George Rex on Small Island, which was part of the penal settlement at Macquarie Harbor, in front of five bound and gagged witnesses. They offered no defence at their trial. Examination of the Tasmanian colonial convict records shows that "suicide by lottery" involved convicts choosing two men, one to die and the other to kill him...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058106/line-of-fire-what-happened-at-the-wantabadgery-seige
#9
Roger W Byard, Adam Ford, Tony Raymond, Jeremy J Sofonia, Owen Kaluza, David G Barnes
A gunfight between police and a gang of men led by the self-styled "Captain Moonlite", a.k.a. George Scott, occurred on 16th November 1879 at a farmhouse near Wantabadgery Station in the colony of New South Wales. The skirmish resulted in the deaths of two bushrangers and one police officer. As a result, Captain Moonlite and Thomas Rogan were hung in Sydney's Darlinghurst Gaol on 20 January 1880 for the murder of Constable Edward Webb-Bowen. Culpability for firing the fatal shot, however, has remained a source of controversy...
October 23, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040329/sexual-homicides-in-south-africa-a-national-cross-sectional-epidemiological-study-of-adult-women-and-children
#10
Naeemah Abrahams, Shanaaz Mathews, Carl Lombard, Lorna J Martin, Rachel Jewkes
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective national mortuary based study to identify all adult female homicides (18 years and older) and all child homicides (boys and girls < 18 years) in 2009 in a randomly selected, proportionate sample of mortuaries. Victim, perpetrator and crime data were collected in three processes: from the mortuary register, the autopsy report and from police with the identification of sexual homicides validated across the data collection processes. FINDINGS: Among the 2670 (95% CI: 2311-2979) adult women killed in 2009, 494 (95% CI: 406-574) were identified as sexual homicides which was 19...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031378/-terrorism-youth-ideals-and-paranoia
#11
Ariane Bilheran
Adolescence is a period of initiation during which individuals learn to free themselves from the hold of their impulses. Fanaticism prevents this process: the subject regresses into a paranoid-type sectarian and murderous way of functioning. The fanaticism of the adolescent could thereby be related to a distorted spiritual search for his or her purpose.
October 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994483/-clemency-on-the-way-to-the-gallows-death-dreams-and-dissociation
#12
Kenneth Kimmel
The survivor of a decade of childhood sexual trauma and violence, perpetrated by a monstrous father, produced a series of dreams in the final year of a ten-year analysis. They illuminated the 'death drive' beneath a lifelong preoccupation with dying and fantasies of submission to death, perpetuated by the promise of hoped-for freedom from pain and release from a life of suffering. The initial dream involved the collapse of a team of white horses drawing him in a pillory cart to his own hanging for a crime he did not commit...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992745/are-consistent-juror-decisions-related-to-fast-and-frugal-decision-making-investigating-the-relationship-between-juror-consistency-decision-speed-and-cue-utilisation
#13
Lee J Curley, Jennifer Murray, Rory MacLean, Phyllis Laybourn
The aim of this study was to establish whether more consistent/accurate juror decision making is related to faster decision-making processes which use fewer cues - that is, fast and frugal heuristic processes. A correlational design was implemented with the co-variables: consistency of verdict decisions (participant decisions compared to the actual court verdicts), decision speed, and cue utilisation (the number of cues used to make a final verdict decision). Sixty participants read information about six murder trials which were based on real cases and whose outcome verdicts were deemed to be correct by the Scottish legal institution...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988068/decapitation-in-reality-and-fine-art-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Valentina Nikolić, Slobodan Savić, Vaso Antunović, Slobodan Marinković, Charlotte Andrieux, Irina Tomić
The aim of our study was to examine all types of decapitation from forensic literature, including our own case, and to analyze the presentation of beheading in fine art, popular literature, and music. To do this, over 200 scientific articles in regard to decapitation were analyzed, as well as more than 10,000 artworks, and several hundreds of literary works and music pieces. In addition, a macroscopic examination of a decapitated victim was performed. Finally, a multislice computerized tomography (MSCT) examination of the cervical spine in two live volunteers was undertaken to present the osteological relationships...
September 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973788/familial-vehicular-murder-suicide
#15
Roger W Byard, Siobhan O'Donovan, Corinna van den Huevel, Matthew Baldock
A certain number of single-vehicle crashes into stationary roadside objects such as trees are thought to be occult suicides. However, is it possible that some cases of multiple deaths within a family in similar crashes are due to unrecognized familial murder-suicides? A 39-year-old woman and her 11-year-old daughter are reported who died of injuries following a vehicle impact with a tree. Unusual behavior of the mother leading up to the crash, and assessment at the scene, raised the possibility of this being a nonaccidental event...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972356/-in-search-for-the-grave-of-100-poles-executed-on-march-20-1942-in-zgierz-poland-research-by-sigo-network-for-genetic-identification-of-victims
#16
Renata Jacewicz, Andrzej Ossowski, Olgierd Ławrynowicz, Maciej Jędrzejczyk, Adam Prośniak, Katarzyna Bąbol-Pokora, Marta Diepenbroek, Maria Szargut, Grażyna Zielińska, Jarosław Berent
It can be reasonably assumed that remains exhumed in 2012 and 2013 during archaeological explorations conducted in the Lućmierz Forest, an important area on the map of the German Nazi terror in the region of Lodz (Poland), are in fact the remains of a hundred Poles murdered by the Nazis in Zgierz on March 20, 1942. By virtue of a decision of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance's Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes Against the Polish Nation, the verification of this research hypothesis was entrusted to SIGO (Network for Genetic Identification of Victims) Consortium appointed by virtue of an agreement of December 11, 2015...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971349/criminal-use-of-assault-weapons-and-high-capacity-semiautomatic-firearms-an-updated-examination-of-local-and-national-sources
#17
Christopher S Koper, William D Johnson, Jordan L Nichols, Ambrozine Ayers, Natalie Mullins
Policies restricting semiautomatic assault weapons and large-capacity ammunition magazines are intended to reduce gunshot victimizations by limiting the stock of semiautomatic firearms with large ammunition capacities and other military-style features conducive to criminal use. The federal government banned such weaponry from 1994 to 2004, and a few states currently impose similar restrictions. Recent debates concerning these weapons have highlighted their use in mass shootings, but there has been little examination of their use in gun crime more generally since the expiration of the federal ban...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971267/violence-towards-family-caregivers-by-their-relative-with-schizophrenia-in-japan
#18
Masako Kageyama, Phyllis Solomon, Keiko Yokoyama, Yukako Nakamura, Sayaka Kobayashi, Chiyo Fujii
There have been several violence-related deaths in Japan due to family violence by persons with severe mental illness against their caregivers. However, it is not often acknowledged that these violent acts are mainly directed at family members. This study aimed to clarify what acts of violence family caregivers experienced from their relative with schizophrenia, and how frequently these violent incidents occurred in their lifetime. We also examined caregivers' thoughts of death about themselves and their relatives, as well as their consultation efforts and escape from the violence perpetrated by their relative...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954582/serial-murder-an-unusual-stereotype
#19
Mandar R Sane, Anand B Mugadlimath, Jamebaseer M Farooqui, Anand B Janagond, Pradeep K Mishra
Serial murders attract attention from the media, mental health experts, academia, and the general public. We present a case of serial murders that took place in a limited area and which caused public anxiety and anguish in central India. All the victims were homeless beggars, who were bludgeoned to death (crush injury). Individual murders were initially investigated by different police stations; fortunately, since they sent all the bodies to a common autopsy centre, a forensic pathologist was able to link all the cases, the first person to do so...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952839/the-curious-dis-connection-between-the-opioid-epidemic-and-crime
#20
Maia Szalavitz, Khary K Rigg
Drug epidemics often bring with them an accompanying rise in crime. The heroin wave of the 1970's and crack crisis of the 1980's were each accompanied by major gun violence, including large numbers of murders and violent property crimes. The current United States opioid epidemic, however, has not been associated with either a rise in homicide or in property crime. In fact, crime rates have been declining for decades, and are now less than half their 1991 peak, despite an unprecedented spike of opioid overdose deaths that began in the late 1990's...
September 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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