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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081055/state-level-lifetime-medical-and-work-loss-costs-of-fatal-injuries-united-states-2014
#1
Feijun Luo, Curtis Florence
Injury-associated deaths have substantial economic consequences in the United States. The total estimated lifetime medical and work-loss costs associated with fatal injuries in 2013 were $214 billion (1). In 2014, unintentional injury, suicide, and homicide (the fourth, tenth, and seventeenth leading causes of death, respectively) accounted for 194,635 deaths in the United States (2). In 2014, a total of 199,756 fatal injuries occurred in the United States, and the associated lifetime medical and work-loss costs were $227 billion (3)...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079530/can-intoxication-status-be-used-as-a-prediction-tool-for-manner-of-death-a-comparison-of-the-intoxication-status-in-violent-suicides-and-homicides
#2
D Kimberley Molina, Veronica M Hargrove
Determining the manner of death in medicolegal death investigations can be difficult. The investigator relies on many facets of death investigation, including the circumstances of death and autopsy examination. A study was designed to analyze whether the intoxication status of the decedent could be used as another tool in death investigations. The intoxication status of violent (nonoverdose or poisoning) suicides and homicides was retrospectively reviewed and compared. A total of 625 deaths were identified, including 366 suicides and 259 homicides...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068577/women-s-police-stations-and-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-brazil
#3
Elizaveta Perova, Sarah Anne Reynolds
Although women's police stations have gained popularity as a measure to address intimate partner violence (IPV), there is little quantitative evaluation of their impacts on the incidence of IPV. This paper estimates the effects of women's police stations in Brazil on female homicides, a measure of the most severe form of IPV. Given that a high fraction of female deaths among women ages 15-49 years can be attributed to aggression by an intimate partner, female homicides appear the best proxy for severe IPV considering the scarcity of data on IPV in Brazil...
December 9, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066905/implications-of-genital-mutilation-at-autopsy
#4
Roger W Byard
Given the potential significance of mutilation of the external genitalia in medicolegal fatalities, a review of the literature was undertaken to identify subcategories. Such mutilations may have been sustained sometime before death, around the time of death, or after death. The most common type of ante mortem genital mutilations involves cultural practices such as male circumcision. Less common male mutilations such as subincisions are tribally based. Female genital mutilation is found particularly in African, Middle Eastern, or Asian populations...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055064/association-of-drug-and-alcohol-use-with-adolescent-firearm-homicide-at-individual-family-and-neighborhood-levels
#5
Bernadette C Hohl, Shari Wiley, Douglas J Wiebe, Alison J Culyba, Rebecca Drake, Charles C Branas
Importance: Homicide is the third leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States and the leading cause of death for adolescents who are African American. Large cities have disproportionate homicide rates. Objective: To determine the relationships between exposures to drugs and alcohol at the individual, family, and neighborhood levels and adolescent firearm homicide and to inform new approaches to preventing firearm violence. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based case-control study from January 2010 to December 2012 of all 13- to 20-year-olds who were homicide victims in Philadelphia during the study period matched to randomly selected 13- to 20-year-old controls from the general population...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055039/responding-to-firearm-homicide-in-urban-areas
#6
Robert Steinbrook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049071/pathways-from-neighborhood-poverty-to-depression-among-older-adults
#7
Spruha Joshi, Stephen J Mooney, Andrew G Rundle, James W Quinn, John R Beard, Magdalena Cerdá
The pathways through which neighborhood poverty can affect resident depression are still unknown. We investigated mechanisms through which neighborhood poverty may influence depression among older adults. Participants were drawn from the New York City Neighborhood and Mental Health in the Elderly Study II, a 3-wave study of adults aged 65-75 (n=3,497) at baseline. Neighborhood poverty and homicide were associated with depressive symptoms at follow-up waves (RR:1.20, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.36; RR: 1.09, 95%CI: 1.02, 1...
December 31, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045695/manner-of-death-determination-in-fire-fatalities-5-year-autopsy-data-of-istanbul-city
#8
İpek Esen Melez, Murat Nihat Arslan, Deniz Oguzhan Melez, Ahmet Selçuk Gürler, Yalçin Büyük
Death resulting from burns is an important social problem and a frequent accident. However, because approximately 10% of cases are estimated to result from a fire that was deliberately started, all fire-related deaths should be treated as suspicious, and the cause of a fire should be investigated. For the bodies recovered from the scene of a fire, the manner of death could also be suicide or homicide. The objective of this study was to contribute to the clarification of controversial data present in the literature on the manner of death determination of fire-related deaths, through evaluation of autopsy findings of bodies recovered from fires...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032349/obesity-body-mass-index-and-homicide
#9
Kimberley J Omond, Neil E I Langlois, Roger W Byard
The body mass indexes (BMIs) of 100 randomly selected homicide cases from the files of Forensic Science SA were compared to the Australian and South Australian populations. There were 70 males and 30 females (M:F = 2.3:1; age range 18-84 years; mean 42.3 years). There was a substantially lower proportion of obese individuals in the homicide population compared to the general Australian and South Australian populations (19% [vs.] 27.9% and 30%, respectively). A second group of 144 randomly selected autopsy cases where the BMI was ≥40 kg/m(2) was analyzed...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031312/physical-assault-in-the-previous-year-and-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-russia-a-case-control-study-of-men-aged-25-54-years
#10
Vishal Bhavsar, Sarah Cook, Lyudmila Saburova, David A Leon
BACKGROUND: Violence has important health effects. The results of exposure to physical violence include, but may not be limited to, death from suicide and homicide. The connection between the experience of assault and risk of death from causes other than homicide and suicide has rarely been examined. METHODS: We analysed data from the first Izhevsk Family Study (IFS-1), a population-based case-control study of premature mortality in Russian men. Structural equation models were used to obtain odds ratios (ORs) for the association between the proxy report of physical attack in the previous year and mortality...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024267/sexual-homicide-brief-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report-involving-rape-genital-mutilation-and-human-arson
#11
REVIEW
Maria-Valeria Karakasi, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Polichronis Voultsos, Aikaterini Vlachaki, Pavlos Pavlidis
The objective of the current paper is to report a new case of sexual murder involving human arson and summarize the literature on the phenomenon of sexual homicide. The present case study is unprecedented in Greece and a rarity in international literature due to the fact that the victim suffered genital mutilation and incineration while still alive. The evaluation consisted of 176 articles; 53 were reviewed by the authors. The results revealed sparse, but significant, research findings. The authors discuss the limitations regarding research, incidence of the phenomenon, crime-scene patterns, offender characteristics (killing methods, motive inferences, sociodemographic data, classifications, psychopathology, modus operandi), and victim selection...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019113/-analysis-of-death-certificates-in-postmortem-examination-waivers
#12
Csaba Turzó, Péter Juhász, Zoltán Papp, Zoltán Szöllősi
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The practices of autopsies and waivers in three Hungarian counties subject to the same statutory framework in a 5-year interval have been examined, with special attention to cases of non-natural death. METHOD: The summary data included in the post mortem examination certificates, for the years between 2006 and 2010, in a breakdown according to counties, covering all cases of death were analysed. The work was assisted by a Java-based software programme...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012429/excess-mortality-among-people-who-report-lifetime-use-of-illegal-drugs-in-the-united-states-a-20-year-follow-up-of-a-nationally-representative-survey
#13
Elizabeth Reisinger Walker, Laura A Pratt, Charlotte A Schoenborn, Benjamin G Druss
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the mortality risks, over 20 years of follow-up in a nationally representative sample, associated with illegal drug use and to describe risk factors for mortality. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 1991 National Health Interview Survey, which is a nationally representative household survey in the United States, linked to the National Death Index through 2011. This study included 20,498 adults, aged 18-44 years in 1991, with 1047 subsequent deaths...
November 24, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012128/death-of-a-seven-month-old-child-in-a-washing-machine-a-case-report
#14
Antonio Osculati, Silvia Damiana Visonà, Laura Re, Marta Sozzi, Francesca Castelli, Luisa Andrello, Claudia Vignali
The authors present a case which brings out a unique modality of child homicide by placing the baby in a washing machine and turning it on. The murder was perpetrated by the baby's mother, who suffered from a serious depressive disorder. A postmortem RX and then a forensic autopsy were performed, followed by histologic examinations and toxicology. On the basis of the results of the autopsy, as well as the histology and the negative toxicological data, the cause of death was identified as acute asphyxia. This diagnosis was rendered in light of the absence of other causes of death, as well as the presence of typical signs of asphyxia, such as epicardial and pleural petechiae and, above all, the microscopic examinations, which pointed out a massive acute pulmonary emphysema...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009649/improving-the-support-of-the-suddenly-bereaved
#15
Dorothy Dale M Mayer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is recognized that death is inevitable but rarely are we prepared for the death of significant persons in our lives. Sudden death is by its nature unexpected and thus shocking for family members and friends of the decedent. Sudden deaths have customarily been divided into four categories based on the cause of death, including natural, accidental, suicidal, or homicidal (NASH) deaths. Supporting the suddenly bereaved can be stressful, for both novice and experienced professionals; this review provides information important to healthcare professionals (HCP) who are often in a position to support family members after a sudden death...
December 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000209/evaluation-of-non-natural-deaths-among-veterans-new-mexico-medical-examiner-investigated-deaths-2002-2011
#16
Melissa R LeBlanc, Camille P Clifford, Sarah L Lathrop
While it is recognized that veterans have increased rates of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicide, and substance use disorders, rates of homicide and unintentional injury deaths in veterans have been minimally investigated. We evaluated all non-natural deaths in New Mexico veterans between 2002 and 2011 in comparison with non-natural deaths among non-veterans. We reviewed all decedents in New Mexico with a history of military service and investigated by the medical examiner, excluding natural deaths and deaths due to fall from standing height...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996932/drugs-most-frequently-involved-in-drug-overdose-deaths-united-states-2010-2014
#17
Margaret Warner, James P Trinidad, Brigham A Bastian, Arialdi M Minino, Holly Hedegaard
Objectives-This report identifies the specific drugs most frequently involved in drug overdose deaths in the United States from 2010 through 2014. Methods-The 2010-2014 National Vital Statistics System mortality files were linked to electronic files containing literal text information from death certificates. Drug overdose was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision underlying cause-of-death codes X40-X44 (unintentional), X60-X64 (suicide), X85 (homicide), and Y10-Y14 (undetermined intent)...
December 2016: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992984/-mortality-by-homicides-in-colombia-1998-2012
#18
Pablo Chaparro-Narváez, Karol Cotes-Cantillo, Willian León-Quevedo, Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela
INTRODUCTION: Homicide is a universal indicator of social violence with large public health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To describe mortality by homicides and to analyze its trends and geographic distribution in Colombia between 1998 and 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of deaths by homicide in Colombia between 1998 and 2012 using official mortality databases and the population projections of the Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística, DANE...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992980/-factors-associated-to-mortality-by-non-communicable-diseases-in-colombia-2008-2012
#19
Julio Cesar Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of premature mortality and disability in the world. OBJECTIVE: To describe the trend pattern and to explore which risk factors were associated with mortality rates in Colombia from 2008 to 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted to analyze mortality rate trends from the official vital statistics (death certificates) from 2008 to 2012. RESULTS: Between 2008 and 2012 there were 727,146 deaths due to non-communicable diseases, and 58...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990636/factitious-disorder-in-a-patient-claiming-to-be-a-sexually-sadistic-serial-killer
#20
Christopher A Fischer, Mace Beckson, Park Dietz
Factitious disorder involves the conscious simulation of psychological or physiological symptoms of illness, for the purpose of fulfilling the unconscious desire to be taken care of or to assume the "sick role." Typically patients with factitious disorder simulate conditions that are designed to arouse feelings of empathy in care providers with the intention to engage them in caretaking. However, patients might also simulate conditions that arouse revulsion or rejection and still meet full diagnostic criteria for factitious disorder...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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