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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343286/a-mimic-of-sexually-motivated-homicide-insect-stings-and-heat-exhaustion-in-a-forest
#1
Nancy X Liu, Michael S Pollanen
We report the case a woman who was found dead in a forest. The body was nude and the position of the body suggested a sexually motivated homicide. We concluded that death was not related to homicide, but was related to the conjunction of environmental factors, including insect stings, and acute psychosis. A medicolegal death investigation with postmortem examination was undertaken to determine cause of death. At the scene, the body was supine with legs spread apart and the knees flexed, exposing the external genitalia...
March 25, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339322/a-comparison-of-note-writers-and-no-note-writers-in-homicide-suicide-cases-in-germany
#2
Anna Weeke, Dietrich Oberwittler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate potential differences between homicide-suicide cases in which the perpetrator does or does not write a suicide note. As homicide-suicides are complex types of lethal violence for which the aggressor cannot be held accountable, suicide notes may be a valuable source of information about the background of these cases and the perpetrators' motives. METHODS: We use a national sample of N = 288 homicide-suicide cases in Germany applying group comparisons and chi-square tests for relevant variables...
March 24, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338922/the-hidden-epidemic-of-firearm-injury-increasing-firearm-injury-rates-during-2001-2013
#3
Bindu Kalesan, Chandana Adhikarla, Joyce C Pressley, Jeffrey A Fagan, Ziming Xuan, Michael B Siegel, Sandro Galea
Investigating firearm injury trends over the past decade, we examined temporal trends overall and according to race/ethnicity and intent in fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries (FFIs and NFIs) in United States during 2001-2013. Counts of FFIs and estimated counts of NFIs were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System. Poisson regression was used to analyze overall and subgroup temporal trends and to estimate annual change per 100,000 persons (change)...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333700/intimate-partner-violence-a-rare-case-of-reciprocal-homicide
#4
Aurélie Cauchois, François Paraire, Geoffroy Lorin de la Grandmaison
We present the case of a reciprocal homicide by stabbing that occurred within an unmarried couple without known history of spousal violence. Each partner killed the other one at the same time and at the same place using kitchen knives. They were both found dead at home lying on the floor after the neighbors heard an argument and screams coming from the couple's apartment, so they called the police and the fire department. The door was locked from the inside, and the fire department was forced to break the door...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329305/association-between-spousal-suicide-and-mental-physical-and-social-health-outcomes-a-longitudinal-and-nationwide-register-based-study
#5
Annette Erlangsen, Bo Runeson, James M Bolton, Holly C Wilcox, Julie L Forman, Jesper Krogh, M Katherine Shear, Merete Nordentoft, Yeates Conwell
Importance: Bereavement after spousal suicide has been linked to mental disorders; however, a comprehensive assessment of the effect of spousal suicide is needed. Objective: To determine whether bereavement after spousal suicide was linked to an excessive risk of mental, physical, and social health outcomes when compared with the general population and spouses bereaved by other manners. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide, register-based cohort study conducted in Denmark of 6...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327508/adverse-childhood-experiences-commitment-offense-and-race-ethnicity-are-the-effects-crime-race-and-ethnicity-specific
#6
Matt DeLisi, Justin Alcala, Abdi Kusow, Andy Hochstetler, Mark H Heirigs, Jonathan W Caudill, Chad R Trulson, Michael T Baglivio
Adverse childhood experiences are associated with an array of health, psychiatric, and behavioral problems including antisocial behavior. Criminologists have recently utilized adverse childhood experiences as an organizing research framework and shown that adverse childhood experiences are associated with delinquency, violence, and more chronic/severe criminal careers. However, much less is known about adverse childhood experiences vis-à-vis specific forms of crime and whether the effects vary across race and ethnicity...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301451/traumatic-brain-injury-related-emergency-department-visits-hospitalizations-and-deaths-united-states-2007-and-2013
#7
Christopher A Taylor, Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Likang Xu
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including death and disability. TBI can be caused by a number of principal mechanisms, including motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and assaults. This report describes the estimated incidence of TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths during 2013 and makes comparisons to similar estimates from 2007. REPORTING PERIOD: 2007 and 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: State-based administrative health care data were used to calculate estimates of TBI-related ED visits and hospitalizations by principal mechanism of injury, age group, sex, and injury intent...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295295/palynological-investigation-of-mummified-human-remains
#8
Karl J Reinhard, Marina Milanello do Amaral, Nicole Wall
Pollen analysis was applied to a mummified homicide victim in Nebraska, U.S.A., to determine the location of death. A control sample showed the normal ambient pollen in the garage crime scene. Ambient windborne types, common in the air of the region, dominated the control. Internal samples were analyzed from the sacrum, intestine, and diaphragm. Microfossils were recovered from the rehydrated intestine lumen. The intestinal sample was dominated by Brassica (broccoli). The sacrum sample was high in dietary types but with a showing of ambient types...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290943/bereaved-military-dependent-spouses-and-children-those-left-behind-in-a-decade-of-war-2001-2011
#9
Stephen J Cozza, Joscelyn E Fisher, Jing Zhou, Jill Harrington-LaMorie, Lareina La Flair, Carol S Fullerton, Robert J Ursano
BACKGROUND: U.S. military service members die from a variety of causes (i.e., accidents, combat, illnesses, homicide, suicide, and terrorism) while on duty and in greater numbers during times of war, leaving behind bereaved dependent family members. Identifying characteristics of these dependent families improves our understanding of their unique needs, helps educate service providers who offer assistance to these surviving family members, and better informs policy addressing their health and well-being...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289365/br%C3%A3-lologie-et-m%C3%A3-decine-l%C3%A3-gale-les-victimes-d%C3%A2-incendie
#10
R Costagliola, J-P Campana, M Costagliola
During a judicial inquiry, the forensic doctor is frequently required to examine the hospitalized fire victim. He has to produce a certificate on the burns, defining their origin, seriousness and prognosis. The expert assessment of serious burn victims consists in an overall evaluation of functional and psychological sequelae, and can be conducted only after the long period of treatment needed for them to heal. The expert must know the forensic rules concerning the specific features of sequelae that follow a cutaneous burn injury...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282474/gender-differences-in-mortality-and-morbidity-patterns-in-popular-musicians-across-the-lifespan
#11
Dianna T Kenny, Anthony Asher
Recent studies have highlighted the disturbing morbidity and early mortality of popular musicians. Most of the studies have focused on male musicians because, until recently, there were relatively few female popular musicians on which to base a population study. With the sharp increase in female popular musicians from fewer than 2% in the 1950s to 32% in the current decade, researchers are better able to examine the health status and mortality profile of female popular musicians. To this end, this paper makes what we believe is the first detailed analysis of mortality and morbidity in female popular musicians...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270465/rapid-sequence-serial-sexual-homicides
#12
Louis B Schlesinger, Stephanie Ramirez, Brittany Tusa, John P Jarvis, Philip Erdberg
Serial sexual murderers have been described as committing homicides in a methodical manner, taking substantial time between offenses to elude the authorities. The results of our study of the temporal patterns (i.e., the length of time between homicides) of a nonrandom national sample of 44 serial sexual murderers and their 201 victims indicate that this representation may not always be accurate. Although 25 offenders (56.8%) killed with longer than a 14-day period between homicides, a sizeable subgroup was identified: 19 offenders (43...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248122/-double-homicide-with-a%C3%A2-damning-bite-mark-on-the-offender%C3%A2-s%C3%A2-body-case-report
#13
Markéta Kulvajtová, Jiří Hladík, Lucie Zemančíková
The authors deal with a case of a double homicide, the parental murder made by their older son, which was committed by a combination of stabbing and cutting wounds. The perpetra-tor tried to hide the bodies, so he doused them with gasoline and set fire to them on a lonely forest road. Then he ran over the remains by his car. The cause of death was in both cases open wound of the neck - autopsy findings of the woman´s body testified for a blood aspi-ration, on the man´s body it was not clear for a partial charring, so the possibilities were blood aspiration, air embolism or external bleeding with haemorrhagic shock...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239579/neck-trauma-ent-prospects
#14
Kavita Sachdeva, Aparaajita Upadhyay
Neck trauma is a very important surgical emergency faced by ENT surgeons in day to day practice. They are potentially life threatening conditions due to the presence of many vital structures in this area. Timely presentation to the referral centre and proper multidisciplinary approach towards management plays a pivotal role in the healing pattern of the wound and prevention of serious complication like shock, sepsis, laryngeal stenosis or fistula formation. A retrospective study was done in ENT Department, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India during the period of 2014-2016...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236289/mortality-among-black-men-in-the-usa
#15
Elizabeth B Pathak
IMPORTANCE: Black men have the lowest life expectancy of all major ethnic-sex populations in the USA, yet no recent studies have comprehensively examined black male mortality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze recent mortality trends for black men, including black to white (B to W) disparities. DESIGN: The study design was national mortality surveillance for 2000 to 2014. SETTING: The setting was the USA...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212340/prospective-prediction-of-juvenile-homicide-attempted-homicide-among-early-onset-juvenile-offenders
#16
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff
While homicide perpetrated by juveniles is a relatively rare occurrence, between 2010 and 2014, approximately 7%-8% of all murders involved a juvenile offender. Unfortunately, few studies have prospectively examined the predictors of homicide offending, with none examining first-time murder among a sample of adjudicated male and female youth. The current study employed data on 5908 juvenile offenders (70% male, 45% Black) first arrested at the age of 12 or younger to prospectively examine predictors of an arrest for homicide/attempted homicide by the age of 18...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210814/post-mortem-external-examination-competence-education-and-accuracy-of-general-practitioners-in-a-metropolitan-area
#17
Ann Sophie Schröder, Sandra Wilmes, Susanne Sehner, Maren Ehrhardt, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Sven Anders
In several countries, general practitioners conduct post-mortem external examination (PMEE) and certify death in out-of-hospital cases. A possible lack of accuracy has been repeatedly criticised, although data on everyday practice of PMEE on outpatients are scarce. To evaluate medical practitioner's competence, education and accuracy regarding PMEE, we conducted a fax-survey among 1343 medical doctors in the metropolitan area of Hamburg, Germany. The results indicate considerable shortcomings in up to 63% regarding the inspection of body orifices and hidden areas, palpation of osseous structures, ectropionisation of the eyelids and use of aids...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202147/single-parent-households-and-mortality-among-children-and-youth
#18
Paul R Amato, Sarah E Patterson
Although many studies have examined associations between family structure and child outcomes, few have considered how the increase in single-parent households since the 1960s may have affected child mortality rates. We examined state-level changes in the percentage of children living with single parents between 1968 and 2010 and state-level trends in mortality among children and youth (age 19 or younger) in the United States. Regression models with state and year fixed effects revealed that increases in single parenthood were associated with small increments in accidental deaths and homicides...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183741/patterns-of-homicide-in-north-tunisia-a-10-year-study-2005-2014
#19
Mehdi Ben Khelil, Fethia Farhani, Hana Harzallah, Mohamed Allouche, Meriem Gharbaoui, Ahmed Banasr, Anis Benzarti, Moncef Hamdoun
BACKGROUND: In Tunisia and in the Arab world, few data are available about homicide patterns. The aim of our study was to analyse the victims' profiles and the general pattern. METHODS: 636 homicide victims were autopsied at the Legal Medicine Department of Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis, over a period of 10 years (2005-2014). RESULTS: Victims were males in 79.7% with a male-to-female ratio of 3.93 and the average age was 37.7 years...
February 9, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168687/alteration-of-the-death-scene-after-self-stabbing-a-case-of-sharp-force-suicide-disguised-by-the-victim-as-a-homicide
#20
Guido Pelletti, Sindi Visentin, Claudio Rago, Giovanni Cecchetto, Massimo Montisci
This paper reports a case of a 72-year-old woman who was found dead in her bedroom with a 4 cm vertical stab wound in the abdomen. A bloodstained knife was found in the top drawer of her bedside table. The clothes worn by the victim showed no damage. A bloodstained vest and a sweater with frontal incisions were found far from the victim, in the bathroom and in the bedroom respectively. Several bloodstains were found in every room of the apartment. The evidence found during the forensic examination and, in particular, the Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, led the investigators to determine the manner of death, being consistent with a suicide with a long-lasting physical activity after self-stabbing...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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