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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238581/a-spicy-status-synthetic-cannabinoid-spice-use-and-new-onset-refractory-status-epilepticus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Marc-Alain Babi, Christopher P Robinson, Carolina B Maciel
Synthetic cannabinoids refer to a wide variety of chemicals engineered to bind cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and mimic the effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocanabinol. The potential for severe toxicity and limited in vivo data make synthetic cannabinoid intake an important public health and safety concern. Neurologic toxidromes associated with their use include mental status changes, panic attacks, memory distortions, acute psychosis (e.g. paranoia, delusional thoughts), disorganized behavior, and suicidal and homicidal thoughts...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236880/urban-violence-is-the-biggest-cause-of-fatal-work-related-accidents-in-brazil
#2
Ricardo Cordeiro, Verônica Gronau Luz, Élida Azevedo Hennington, Ana Cláudia Alves Martins, Luís Fernando Tófoli
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the occurrence of deaths directly associated with urban violence among fatal work-related accidents. METHODS: Verbal autopsies were performed with the relatives and coworkers of residents of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil, who died from external causes in 2015. We have also analyzed police reports and reports of the Legal Medical Institute related to these deaths. RESULTS: We have identified 82 fatal work-related accidents in Campinas in 2015, of which 25 were murders, 35 were traffic accidents not directly related to work activities, and three were suicides at work...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231010/-advance-of-forensic-research-in-insulin-poisoning
#3
REVIEW
F Tong, Y Liang, Q Shi, L Zhang, W H L, Y W Zhou
Insulin as a common clinical hypoglycemic agent can effectively control serves to lower the concentration of blood glucose. However, insulin overdose can lead to death. In the whole fatal cases of insulin overdose, medical accident is the most common, followed by suicide. Though insulin homicide is extremely rare, it deserves great attention. Though there are some researches about insulin poisoning on forensic toxicology and pathology, it is still a difficult task in forensic practice. In this paper, the mechanism of death, pathological changes, detection methods and diagnose criteria of insulin overdose will be discussed in the view of forensic toxicology and pathology...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231006/-characteristics-of-schizophrenia-patients-homicide-behaviors-and-their-correlations-with-criminal-capacity
#4
Z W Sun, T T Shi, P X Fu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of schizophrenia patients' homicide behaviors and the influences of the assessments of criminal capacity. METHODS: Indicators such as demographic and clinical data, characteristics of criminal behaviors and criminal capacity from the suspects whom were diagnosed by forensic psychiatry as schizophrenia (n=110) and normal mental (n=70) with homicide behavior, were collected by self-made investigation form and compared...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230987/-comparison-of-criminal-characteristics-in-depression-patients-and-schizophrenics-with-homicide-behavior
#5
J Wang, P X Fu, Y L Gao, M X Zhu, T T Shi
OBJECTIVES: To explore the criminal characteristics of forensic psychiatry expertise in depression patients and schizophrenics with homicide behavior. METHODS: A total of 40 depression (depressive episode) patients and 50 schizophrenics with homicide behavior were randomly assigned into the study group and control group, respectively. Data of demographic and criminal characteristic of the two groups were collected by a self-designed questionnaire, and then were compared...
June 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227295/an-unusual-presentation-of-pituitary-gland-apoplexy-with-noninfectious-meningitis
#6
Margaret LaPorte, Jenna Pollock, Michael Ward, James Fulcher
Pituitary adenomas make up 10% of intracranial tumors, but because of their location, they may go undetected for long periods. In this article, we report the case of a 68-year-old white man found deceased in his residence, who died of acute pituitary tumor apoplexy. He was known to have severe symptoms including acute headache, vision loss, and altered behavior. When found, his home was in extreme disarray, mimicking a possible assault. At autopsy, the decedent had multiple superficial abrasions about the upper and lower extremities, as well as a 2...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227118/complex-suicide-involving-pyrethroid-ingestion-mosquito-coils-and-fatal-self-wounding-by-sharp-force
#7
Maria -Valeria Karakasi, Pavlos Pavlidis, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Doxakis Anestakis, Nikolaos Raikos
"Complex suicide" is a term referring to the suicidal pattern in which more than one suicidal method is applied in the purpose of inducing death. The present paper aims to review complex suicide literature shortly and investigate an unusual planned complex suicide incident, the rarity of which is attributable to the combination of suicide methods as well as the type and quantity of substances applied to induce poisoning. A 33-year-old man with a history of psychotic depression was found dead in his bedroom lying within a large quantity of blood...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224386/sexual-homicides-in-china-exploring-the-offender-victim-and-offense-characteristics
#8
Heng Choon Oliver Chan, Feng Li, Sihai Liu, Xuesong Lu, Haipeng Jia
Nearly all information available on sexual homicides are limited to studies conducted in the West. Little is known about sexual homicides that occurred in China. The current study is arguably the first to explore the offender, victim, and offense characteristics of Chinese sexual homicides. Over a period of 23 years (1994 to 2016), the data of 59 cases collected from two data sources (i.e., published Chinese case reports and police data) are examined. Findings indicate that heterosexual assaults are far more prevalent in Chinese sexual homicides...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223888/neighborhood-crime-undermines-parenting-violence-in-the-vicinity-of-households-as-a-predictor-of-aggressive-discipline
#9
Jorge Cuartas
Child discipline is a central component of parent-child interactions. Evidence suggests corporal discipline impairs children's physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development and compromises their future chances, especially since it is more frequently used against at-risk children. Using geocoded data for 1209 children under the age of five and their mothers, this study analyses the relation between the occurrence of crimes in close proximity to households in four major urban municipalities of Colombia and a particularly violent corporal discipline practice: hitting children with objects...
December 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211138/factors-associated-with-homicide-in-manaus-amazonas-brazil-2014
#10
Jesem Douglas Yamall Orellana, Geraldo Marcelo da Cunha, Bárbara Christie de Souza Brito, Bernardo Lessa Horta
OBJECTIVE: to identify characteristics, magnitude and factors associated with homicide in Manaus-AM, Brazil. METHODS: cross-sectional study, with data from the Mortality Information System (SIM); homicide rates and odds ratio (OR) were estimated, comparing to other external causes, for 2014; logistic regression was used. RESULTS: of the 1,657 violent deaths, 913 were due to homicide; homicide rate was of 55.8/100 thousand inhabitants (95%CI 52...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210340/homicidal-methanol-poisoning-in-filicide-suicide
#11
Asit K Sikary, C Behera
Most methanol poisonings are accidental. We present a rare case of filicide-suicide, where a youth was killed by methanol poisoning and his parents then committed suicide by jumping in front of a running train. The father's suicide note explains the crime.
December 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207735/pattern-of-isolated-fatal-mechanical-injury-in-homicidal-deaths-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kiran Kumar Patnaik, Sudeepa Das, Sachidananda Mohanty, Hemanta Panigrahi
Introduction: Homicide is the death of one human being as a result of conduct of another. Multiple assaults on the body are seen in 70% cases, which indicate determination on the part of the accused to end the life of the victim. Aim: To identify the pattern, distribution and means of inflicting fatal isolated mechanical injury on the body in cases of homicide. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on total 728 homicide deaths, out of which 63 cases had an isolated fatal mechanical injury over the body and the rest 665 cases had multiple injuries...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204844/homicides-public-goods-and-population-health-in-the-context-of-high-urban-violence-rates-in-cali-colombia
#13
Lina Martínez, Sergio Prada, Daniela Estrada
Obesity and frequent mental and physical distress are often associated with major health problems. The characteristics of the urban environment, such as homicide rates and public goods provision, play an important role in influencing participation in physical activity and in overall mental health. This study aimed to determine whether there was a relationship between homicide rates and public goods provision on the health outcomes of the citizens of Cali, Colombia, a city known for its high urban violence rate and low municipal investment in public goods...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202338/cranial-trauma-in-handgun-executions-experimental-data-using-polyurethane-proxies
#14
Seth C Taylor, Elena F Kranioti
Gun violence is a global phenomenon with regional variation in frequency and severity. Handguns are often used in violent deaths such as suicides and homicides. Hence, ballistic trauma is a critical subject of forensic investigations. Trauma patterns are fundamental evidence for the reconstruction of the incident and for the determination of the manner of death. This study investigated the differences in trauma patterns with a series of experiments using six different calibers (.22 LR, .38 Special, .380 ACP, 9×19mm, ...
November 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202317/women-victims-of-intentional-homicide-in-italy-new-insights-comparing-italian-trends-to-german-and-u-s-trends-2008-2014
#15
Claudio Terranova, Margherita Zen
National statistics on female homicide could be a useful tool to evaluate the phenomenon and plan adequate strategies to prevent and reduce this crime. The aim of the study is to contribute to the analysis of intentional female homicides in Italy by comparing Italian trends to German and United States trends from 2008 to 2014. This is a population study based on data deriving primarily from national and European statistical institutes, from the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting and from the National Center for Health Statistics...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194475/analysis-of-the-strength-of-legal-firearms-restrictions-for-perpetrators-of-domestic-violence-and-their-association-with-intimate-partner-homicide
#16
April M Zeoli, Alexander McCourt, Shani Buggs, Shannon Frattaroli, David Lilley, Daniel W Webster
In this research, we estimate the association of firearm restrictions for domestic violence offenders with intimate partner homicides (IPHs), based on the strength of the policies. We posit that the association of firearm laws with IPHs depends on the laws': 1) breadth of coverage of high-risk individuals and situations restricted; 2) power to compel firearm surrender or removal from prohibited persons; and 3) systems of accountability that prevent prohibited persons from obtaining guns. We conducted a quantitative policy evaluation using annual state-level data from 1980 through 2013 for 45 US states...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193075/introducing-3d-printed-models-as-demonstrative-evidence-at-criminal-trials
#17
Waltraud Baier, Jason M Warnett, Mark Payne, Mark A Williams
This case report presents one of the first reported uses of a 3D printed exhibit in an English homicide trial, in which two defendants were accused of beating their victim to death. The investigation of this crime included a micro-CT scan of the victim's skull, which assisted the pathologist to determine the circumstances of the assault, in particular regarding the number of assault weapons and perpetrators. The scan showed two distinct injury shapes, suggesting the use of either two weapons or a single weapon with geometrically distinct surfaces...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190839/violence-against-women-injuries-and-deaths-in-rhode-island-yongwen-jiang-phd-deborah-debare-mmhs-lynne-marie-shea-ba-samara-viner-brown-ms
#18
Yongwen Jiang, Deborah DeBare, Lynne-Marie Shea, Samara Viner-Brown
Violence against women is a public health issue. Monitoring assault-related injury and homicide death among women is imperative for understanding this public health issue. We used data from the 2014 Rhode Island emergency department (ED), hospital discharge (HD), and 2004-2014 Rhode Island violent death reporting system (RIVDRS) to provide a broad picture for violence against women injuries and deaths in Rhode Island. ED visit and HD data show that the majority of female assault injuries occurred among women aged 25-44, resided in the core cities, and had public insurance...
December 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188756/psychosocial-correlates-of-attitudes-toward-male-sexual-violence-in-a-sample-of-financial-crime-property-crime-general-violent-and-homicide-offenders
#19
Agata Debowska, Daniel Boduszek, Dominic Willmott
Although those currently serving prison sentences for sexual violence can be identified and receive treatment, the number of prisoners with a history of sexual violence against female partners is unknown. Methods to identify prisoners with a proclivity for such violence and accurately assess the risk they pose before and after incarceration are therefore required. Here, we aimed to assess the level of sexually violent attitudes within dating relationships and to examine their associations with experiences of child abuse and neglect (CAN), psychopathic personality traits, prisonization, number of incarcerations, age, years of schooling, relationship status, and parenting among different types of offenders (financial crime, property crime, general violent, and homicide offenders)...
February 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176826/aggregate-level-lead-exposure-gun-violence-homicide-and-rape
#20
Brian B Boutwell, Erik J Nelson, Zhengmin Qian, Michael G Vaughn, John P Wright, Kevin M Beaver, J C Barnes, Melissa Petkovsek, Roger Lewis, Mario Schootman, Richard Rosenfeld
CONTEXT: An increasing body of research has linked the geographic distribution of lead with various indicators of criminal and antisocial behavior. OBJECTIVE: The current study, using data from an ongoing project related to lead exposure in St. Louis City, MO, analyzed the association between aggregate blood lead levels and specific indicators violent crime within the city. DESIGN: Ecological study. SETTING: St. Louis, Missouri...
2017: PloS One
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