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Healthy Life Styles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443057/cognitive-constructivist-approach-in-medical-settings-the-use-of-personal-meaning-questionnaire-for-neurological-patients-personality-investigation
#1
Barbara Poletti, Laura Carelli, Annalisa Lafronza, Federica Solca, Andrea Faini, Andrea Ciammola, Monica Grobberio, Vanessa Raimondi, Rita Pezzati, Rita B Ardito, Vincenzo Silani
Objective: The cognitive-constructivist psychotherapy approach considers the self as a continuous regulation process between present and past experience, in which attributions of meaning is characterized by the use of internal rules. In this conception, everyone would be driven by a specific inner coherence called Personal Meaning Organization (PMO). Such approach has never been applied to neurological patients by means of ad hoc developed tools. We performed an explorative study aimed to characterize personality styles in different neurological conditions within the theoretical framework of cognitive-constructivist model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421709/gene-environment-interaction-influences-attachment-like-style-in-mice
#2
Glenda Lassi, Valter Tucci
Attachment styles are established soon after birth and form the basis for a healthy psychological life during adulthood. Here, we investigated whether genetic background (i.e., isogenic strains: C57Bl/6N and BALB/c) and parent-of-origin (i.e., reciprocal hybrids) epigenetic effects influence attachment-like styles in mice. We discovered that a specific genetic and epigenetic assortment exerts a role on the development of a secure or insecure attachment-like style. In particular, when biological mothers raise their pups, the attachment-like style is mainly secure, independently of the genetic background...
April 19, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397153/meldna-score-is-associated-with-psychopathology-and-reduced-quality-of-life-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-a-liver-transplant-perspective
#3
Gabriele Cavaggioni, Edoardo Poli, Flaminia Ferri, Lucia Parlati, Valentina Monaco, Claudia Melcore, Barbara Lattanzi, Manuela Merli, Gianluca Mennini, Fabio Melandro, Massimo Rossi, Stefano Ginanni Corradini
Psychopathological symptoms and reduced health related quality of life (HRQoL) are frequent in cirrhotics, but no data on their association with cirrhosis prognosis assessed by the MELDNa score are available. Prospective data on the long-term effect of deceased donor liver transplantation (LT) on psychopathological symptoms are needed. Before entering the LT waiting list, 44 consecutive LT cirrhotic candidates without a major psychiatric disorder underwent a psychopathological assessment, including Symptom Checklist-90-revised (SCL-90-R) and Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ)...
April 11, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349027/review-of-researches-on-smartphone-applications-for-physical-activity-promotion-in-healthy-adults
#4
REVIEW
Haemi Jee
Physical activity is known as a preventative method for preventing life-style-related diseases. Smartphone applications for health and fitness intervention have released with rapid increase of innovative technology. Reviews of recent publications on mobile application have been conducted to observe feasibility and applicability for physical activity intervention. Bibliographic searches of PubMed and ScienceDirect were conducted with key terms, 'physical activity,' 'fitness,' 'smart-phone,' and 'health' between the years 2014 and 2017 to obtain 5,087 publications...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335549/understanding-the-fresh-produce-safety-challenges
#5
EDITORIAL
Malik Altaf Hussain, Ravi Gooneratne
Consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables is important for a balanced diet and healthy life-style. [...].
March 21, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294880/-results-of-monitoring-of-the-plan-of-measures-directed-to-reduction-of-ischemic-heart-disease-in-north-caucasus-republics-analysis-of-dynamics-of-cardio-vascular-mortality
#6
M N Mamedov
Comparative analysis of dynamics of cardiovascular mortality in Russia and foreign countries as well as main directions of development of cardiological service in Russia are presented in this review article. Plan of measures for reduction of mortality from ischemic heart disease (IHD) was created in 2015. This plan comprises 4 blocks of assessment of the following measures: directed at improvement of primary IHD prevention (1), directed at secondary prevention of complications of IHD (2); directed at improvement of efficacy of medical care of patients with IHD (3), and directed at monitoring of some demographic parameters (4)...
May 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277152/visuospatial-processing-in-adolescents-with-critical-congenital-heart-disease-organization-integration-and-implications-for-academic-achievement
#7
Jessica L Bean Jaworski, Matthew T White, David R DeMaso, Jane W Newburger, David C Bellinger, Adam R Cassidy
Among the most significant factors affecting quality of life in individuals with critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) are neurodevelopmental challenges, including deficits in visuospatial processing and academic achievement. Few studies have compared outcomes across CCHD subgroups, despite their significant differences in anatomy/physiology and medical/surgical courses. This study compared visuospatial processing abilities using the Developmental Scoring System for the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (DSS-ROCF) across groups of adolescents with CCHD (d-transposition of the great arteries [TGA, n = 139], Tetralogy of Fallot [TOF, n = 68], single-ventricle cardiac anatomy requiring the Fontan operation [SVF, n = 145]) and a group of healthy controls (CTR, n = 111), and examined the validity of visuospatial processing in predicting concurrent academic outcomes...
February 16, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215172/the-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-pde-5i-for-erectile-dysfunction-ed-a-therapeutic-challenge-for-psychiatrists
#8
Chong Siew Koon, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Ong Wan Xi, Muhammad Hizri Hatta, Cesar Alfonso
Erectile function (EF) is a prerequisite for satisfactory sexual intercourse (SI) and central to male sexual functioning. Satisfactory SI eventually leads to orgasm - a biopsychophysiological state of euphoria - leading to a sense of bliss, enjoyment and positive mental well being. For a psychiatrist, treating ED is self-propelled to harmonize these pleasurable experiences alongside with encouragement of physical wellness and sensuality. Hence, the role of PDE-5i is pivotal in the context of treating ED constitutes a therapeutic challenge...
February 15, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162203/-guidelines-on-life-style-modification-for-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
(no author information available yet)
Existing evidences proved that healthy life style after diagnosis contributes to better overall survival and quality of life for breast cancer survivors. The healthy life style includes maintaining healthy weight, regular physical activity and healthy diet. In order to address the concerns of the breast cancer survivors in their disease free and long-term survival period, and provide instruction to the clinical and public health professionals, breast cancer survivors and their families, Breast Health Group(BEST: Breast Education Screening Diagnosis and Treatment Group), the Branch of Women Health of Chinese Preventive Medicine Association convened experts to systematically evaluate the existing evidences and the characteristics of Chinese breast cancer survivors, developed guidelines on the life-style modification for breast cancer survivors...
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140320/alignment-of-healthy-dietary-patterns-and-environmental-sustainability-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Miriam E Nelson, Michael W Hamm, Frank B Hu, Steven A Abrams, Timothy S Griffin
To support food security for current and future generations, there is a need to understand the relation between sustainable diets and the health of a population. In recent years, a number of studies have investigated and compared different dietary patterns to better understand which foods and eating patterns have less of an environmental impact while meeting nutritional needs and promoting health. This systematic review (SR) of population-level dietary patterns and food sustainability extends and updates the SR that was conducted by the 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, an expert committee commissioned by the federal government to inform dietary guidance as it relates to the committee's original conclusions...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131720/how-important-are-health-care-expenditures-for-life-expectancy-a-comparative-european-analysis
#11
Wim J A van den Heuvel, Marinela Olaroiu
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between health care expenditures and health care outcomes, such as life expectancy and mortality, is complex. Research outcomes show different and contradictory results on this relationship. How and why health care expenditures affect health outcomes is not clear. A causal link between the two is not proven. Without such knowledge, effects of increase/decrease in health care expenses on health outcomes may be overestimated/underestimated. This study analyzes the relationship between life expectancy at birth and expenditures on health care, taking into account expenditures of social production and education, as well as the quantity and quality of health care provisions and lifestyles...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096148/uric-acid-and-new-onset-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-findings-from-the-pamela-population
#12
Cesare Cuspidi, Rita Facchetti, Michele Bombelli, Carla Sala, Marijana Tadic, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia
BACKGROUND: The association between serum uric acid (SUA) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is controversial and the ability of SUA in predicting incident LVH remains unsettled. Thus, we evaluated the relationship of SUA with new-onset echocardiographic LVH over a 10-year period in subjects of the general population enrolled in the Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate E Loro Associazioni (PAMELA) study. METHODS: The study included 960 subjects with normal LV mass index (LVMI) at baseline echocardiographic evaluation and a readable echocardiogram at the end of follow-up...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067424/human-pathogens-in-plant-biofilms-formation-physiology-and-detection
#13
REVIEW
Eduardo Ximenes, Lori Hoagland, Seockmo Ku, Xuan Li, Michael Ladisch
Fresh produce, viewed as an essential part of a healthy life style is usually consumed in the form of raw or minimally processed fruits and vegetables, and is a potentially important source of food-borne human pathogenic bacteria and viruses. These are passed on to the consumer since the bacteria can form biofilms or otherwise populate plant tissues, thereby using plants as vectors to infect animal hosts. The life cycle of the bacteria in plants differs from those in animals or humans and results in altered physiochemical and biological properties (e...
January 9, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040315/-barometer-of-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-metabolic-control-styles-of-life-and-morbidity-profile
#14
David Pérez-Manchón, María Lorena Rodríguez-Álvarez, Claudia Alcívar-Arteaga, Mercedes Redondo-Pico, Elena Ramos-Quirós
OBJECTIVE: Knowing the profile of cardiovascular morbidity, degree of control and lifestyles in type 2 diabetes. METHOD: Randomized multicenter cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 in primary care with 129 diabetics. It included sociodemographic variables, microvascular and macrovascular complications, organic damage, comorbidity and lifestyles of smoking, exercise and adherence to Mediterranean diet. Metabolic control was assessed with the latest annual glycosylated haemoglobin...
December 28, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988482/toward-a-more-comprehensive-concept-of-successful-aging-disability-and-care-needs
#15
Clemens Tesch-Römer, Hans-Werner Wahl
Rowe and Kahn's model of Successful Aging 2.0 argues that changing environmental settings, societal policies, and individual life styles will lead to a significant extension of healthy life years. Recent epidemiological research, however, confirms the dilemma that the ongoing extension of life expectancy prolongs not only the years in good health but also those in poor health. We see it as a major limitation that Rowe and Kahn's model is not able to cover the emerging linkage between increasing life expectation and aging with disability and care needs...
March 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917807/healthcare-workers-at-dialysis-centers-and-students-studying-in-dialysis-departments-behavioural-assessment
#16
Nukhet Bayer, Birsen Bilgen Sivri, Muzeyyen Arslan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the behaviours of students studying dialysis and health personnel working at dialysis centers and the influencing factors. METHODS: Students studying dialysis department at Turgut Özal University (n=70) and healthcare personnel working at eight Dialysis Centers located in the center of Ankara (n=83) were recruited. Data was collected from personal information forms and Healthy Life Style Behaviours (HLSB)-II scale...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893212/effects-of-energy-conservation-strategies-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-health-promotion-lifestyle-in-breast-cancersurvivors-a-randomized-control-trial
#17
Elham Sadeghi, Nahid Gozali, Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi
Purpose: Cancer-related fatigue is frequently experienced by patients during and after therapy. The present study was conducted to assess the impact of energy conservation strategies and health promotion in breast cancer survivors. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was carried out to compare the intervention effect (n=69.0) with controls (n=66.0) based on routine oncology ward care. The intervention was five weekly sessions for groups of 6-8 breast cancer survivors. Data on fatigue and health promotion lifestyle were obtained before and after completion the intervention and then 8 weeks later for analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures...
October 1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#18
L Polloni, A DunnGalvin, E Ferruzza, R Bonaguro, F Lazzarotto, A Toniolo, N Celegato, A Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological well-being. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared with healthy peers and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880996/oxidative-stress-induced-damage-to-paternal-genome-and-impact-of-meditation-and-yoga-can-it-reduce-incidence-of-childhood-cancer
#19
Dada Rima, Basant Kumar Shiv, Chawla Bhavna, Bisht Shilpa, Khan Saima
Background: Sperm DNA damage is underlying aetiology of poor implantation and pregnancy rates but also affects health of offspring and may also result in denovo mutations in germ line and post fertilization. This may result in complex diseases, polygenic disorders and childhood cancers. Childhood cancer like retinoblastoma (RB) is more prevalent in developing countries and the incidence of RB has increased more than three fold in India in the last decade. Recent studies have documented increased incidence of cancers in children born to fathers who consume alcohol in excess and tobacco or who were conceived by assisted conception...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869381/-analysis-of-adiposity-and-physical-fitness-in-young-colombian-students
#20
Constanza Palomino-Devia, Fernando Manuel Otero-Saborido, José Antonio González-Jurado
Body mass index and physical fitness are important markers of a healthy life style. Objective: To analyze adiposity and physical fitness in young students from public schools in Armenia, Colombia, and examine differences between sex and age groups. Materials and methods: We analyzed 1,150 students: 46.6% (n=536) males and 53.4% (n=614) females, with an age range of 10 to 20 years (15.45 ± 2.52). Physical fitness was evaluated by the Course-Navette test, the Horizontal Jump test, the 20-meter run test and the Sit-and-Reach test...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
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