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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212848/major-vectors-and-vector-borne-diseases-in-small-ruminants-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kassahun Asmare, Takele Abayneh, Berhanu Sibhat, Dessie Shiferaw, Barbara Szonyi, Randi I Krontveit, Eystein Skjerve, Barbara Wieland
Vector-borne diseases are among major health constraints of small ruminant in Ethiopia. While various studies on single vector-borne diseases or presence of vectors have been conducted, no summarized evidence is available on the occurrence of these diseases and the related vectors. This systematic literature review provides a comprehensive summary on major vectors and vector-borne diseases in small ruminants in Ethiopia. Search for published and unpublished literature was conducted between 8th of January and 25th of June 2015...
February 14, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194518/-chronic-pain-in-general-practice-results-from-pain-specialists
#2
A Heymanns, H Rudolf, H Schneider-Nutz, K Salem, K Strick, M Zenz
BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of data on chronic pain in general practice. METHODS: Over a period of 2 years, data from 12,271 patients visiting a pain specialist on an outpatient basis were collected. All patients had documented their pain history (German pain questionnaire) via tablet/computer into a databank. RESULTS: Data from 12,246 patients from 30 pain clinics could be evaluated. The proportion of women was higher (67%). The majority of patients suffered from back pain (52%)...
February 13, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156475/usability-and-acceptance-of-novel-personal-health-technology-to-support-early-palliative-care-for-patients-with-cancer-and-caregivers
#3
Sarah C Reed, Katherine Kim, Victoria Ngo, Wendy Wait, Ester Apesoa-Varano, Joy Morgan, Robin L Whitney, Emma Blackmon, Jill Joseph
: 73 Background: Little research has assessed whether and how technology can support early palliative care. Our team developed a HIPAA-compliant, cloud-based Personal Health Network (PHN) with a secure, online network of family, caregivers, clinicians and service providers designated by the patient; symptom reporting/management resources; and support for communication among network members via audio/video conferencing, messaging, and document sharing. This study examines PHN usability and acceptance, and identifies additional functions for early palliative care...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154103/acute-ischemic-stroke-therapy-overview
#4
Luciana Catanese, Joseph Tarsia, Marc Fisher
The treatment of acute ischemic stroke has undergone dramatic changes recently subsequent to the demonstrated efficacy of intra-arterial (IA) device-based therapy in multiple trials. The selection of patients for both intravenous and IA therapy is based on timely imaging with either computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, and if IA therapy is considered noninvasive, angiography with one of these modalities is necessary to document a large-vessel occlusion amenable for intervention. More advanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging studies are available that can be used to identify a small ischemic core and ischemic penumbra, and this information will contribute increasingly in treatment decisions as the therapeutic time window is lengthened...
February 3, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152570/niacin-intake-and-risk-of-skin-cancer-in-us-women-and-men
#5
Sang Min Park, Tricia Li, Shaowei Wu, Wen-Qing Li, Martin Weinstock, Abrar A Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho
A recent clinical trial found a protective role of niacinamide, a derivative of niacin, against skin cancer recurrence. However, there is no epidemiologic study to assess the association between niacin intake and risk of skin cancer (basal cell carcinoma [BCC], squamous cell carcinoma [SCC], and melanoma). We prospectively evaluated whether total, dietary and supplemental niacin intake was associated with skin cancer risk based on 72,308 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2010) and 41,808 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2010)...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151651/ringdecomposerlib-an-open-source-implementation-of-unique-ring-families-and-other-cycle-bases
#6
Florian Flachsenberg, Niek Andresen, Matthias Rarey
Many cheminformatics applications like aromaticity detection, SMARTS matching, or the calculation of atomic coordinates require a chemically meaningful perception of the molecular ring topology. The unique ring families (URFs) were recently introduced as a unique, polynomial, and chemically meaningful description of the ring topology. Here we present the first open-source implementation of the URF concept for ring perception. The C library RingDecomposerLib is easy to use, portable, well-documented, and thoroughly tested...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151026/perspectives-of-healthcare-practitioners-an-exploration-of-interprofessional-communication-using-electronic-medical-records
#7
Shoshana H Bardach, Kevin Real, David R Bardach
Contemporary state-of-the-art healthcare facilities are incorporating technology into their building design to improve communication and patient care. However, technological innovations may also have unintended consequences. This study seeks to better understand how technology influences interprofessional communication within a hospital setting based in the United States. Nine focus groups were conducted including a range of healthcare professions. The focus groups explored practitioners' experiences working on two floors of a newly designed hospital and included questions about the ways in which technology shaped communication with other healthcare professionals...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144846/virtoscan-a-mobile-low-cost-photogrammetry-setup-for-fast-post-mortem-3d-full-body-documentations-in-x-ray-computed-tomography-and-autopsy-suites
#8
Sören Kottner, Lars C Ebert, Garyfalia Ampanozi, Marcel Braun, Michael J Thali, Dominic Gascho
Injuries such as bite marks or boot prints can leave distinct patterns on the body's surface and can be used for 3D reconstructions. Although various systems for 3D surface imaging have been introduced in the forensic field, most techniques are both cost-intensive and time-consuming. In this article, we present the VirtoScan, a mobile, multi-camera rig based on close-range photogrammetry. The system can be integrated into automated PMCT scanning procedures or used manually together with lifting carts, autopsy tables and examination couch...
March 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140369/modeling-the-impact-of-prostate-edema-on-ldr-brachytherapy-a-monte-carlo-dosimetry-study-based-on-a-3d-biphasic-finite-element-biomechanical-model
#9
K A Mountris, J Bert, J Noailly, A Rodriguez Aguilera, A Valeri, O Pradier, U Schick, E Promayon, M A Gonzalez Ballester, J Troccaz, D Visvikis
Prostate volume changes due to edema occurrence during transperineal permanent brachytherapy should be taken under consideration to ensure optimal dose delivery. Available edema models, based on prostate volume observations, face several limitations. Therefore, patient-specific models need to be developed to accurately account for the impact of edema. In this study we present a biomechanical model developed to reproduce edema resolution patterns documented in the literature. Using the biphasic mixture theory and finite element analysis, the proposed model takes into consideration the mechanical properties of the pubic area tissues in the evolution of prostate edema...
January 31, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139875/global-network-for-women-s-and-children-s-health-research-probable-causes-of-stillbirth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-using-a-prospectively-defined-classification-system
#10
E M McClure, A Garces, S Saleem, J L Moore, C L Bose, F Esamai, S S Goudar, E Chomba, M Mwenechanya, O Pasha, A Tshefu, A Patel, S M Dhaded, C Tenge, I Marete, M Bauserman, S Sunder, B S Kodkany, W A Carlo, R J Derman, P L Hibberd, E A Liechty, K M Hambidge, N F Krebs, M Koso-Thomas, M Miodovnik, D D Wallace, R L Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: We sought to classify causes of stillbirth for six low-middle-income countries using a prospectively defined algorithm. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Communities in India, Pakistan, Guatemala, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia and Kenya. POPULATION: Pregnant women residing in defined study regions. METHODS: Basic data regarding conditions present during pregnancy and delivery were collected...
January 31, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137194/integrating-community-based-verbal-autopsy-into-civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-crvs-system-level-considerations
#11
Don de Savigny, Ian Riley, Daniel Chandramohan, Frank Odhiambo, Erin Nichols, Sam Notzon, Carla AbouZahr, Raj Mitra, Daniel Cobos Muñoz, Sonja Firth, Nicolas Maire, Osman Sankoh, Gay Bronson, Philip Setel, Peter Byass, Robert Jakob, Ties Boerma, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: Reliable and representative cause of death (COD) statistics are essential to inform public health policy, respond to emerging health needs, and document progress towards Sustainable Development Goals. However, less than one-third of deaths worldwide are assigned a cause. Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems in low- and lower-middle-income countries are failing to provide timely, complete and accurate vital statistics, and it will still be some time before they can provide physician-certified COD for every death...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135724/allocation-of-internal-medicine-resident-time-in-a-swiss-hospital-a-time-and-motion-study-of-day-and-evening-shifts
#12
Nathalie Wenger, Marie Méan, Julien Castioni, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Antoine Garnier
Background: Little current evidence documents how internal medicine residents spend their time at work, particularly with regard to the proportions of time spent in direct patient care versus using computers. Objective: To describe how residents allocate their time during day and evening hospital shifts. Design: Time and motion study. Setting: Internal medicine residency at a university hospital in Switzerland, May to July 2015...
January 31, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135199/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-as-an-additional-tool-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-belgium-the-be-prep-ared-study-protocol
#13
Irith De Baetselier, Thijs Reyniers, Christiana Nöstlinger, Kristien Wouters, Katrien Fransen, Tania Crucitti, Chris Kenyon, Jozefien Buyze, Céline Schurmans, Marie Laga, Bea Vuylsteke
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a promising and effective tool to prevent HIV. With the approval of Truvada as daily PrEP by the European Commission in August 2016, individual European Member states prepare themselves for PrEP implementation following the examples of France and Norway. However, context-specific data to guide optimal implementation is currently lacking. OBJECTIVE: With this demonstration project we evaluate whether daily and event-driven PrEP, provided within a comprehensive prevention package, is a feasible and acceptable additional prevention tool for men who have sex with men (MSM) at high risk of acquiring HIV in Belgium...
January 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134004/prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-tanzanian-migrants-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Alison H Norris, Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Melissa Wiles, Jeannette R Ickovics
For the many millions of migrants, mobility creates vulnerabilities and elevates risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We document, among Tanzanian agricultural plantation residents, migrant characteristics and test associations between migrant status and prevalent STI (HSV-2, syphilis, and HIV). From 623 plantation resident participants, we limit this analysis to participants about whom we know migration status (migrants n = 242, non-migrants n = 291). We collected behavioral data via audio-computer assisted self-interview survey, and clinical data via STI testing...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131722/development-and-empirical-user-centered-evaluation-of-semantically-based-query-recommendation-for-an-electronic-health-record-search-engine
#15
David A Hanauer, Danny T Y Wu, Lei Yang, Qiaozhu Mei, Katherine B Murkowski-Steffy, V G Vinod Vydiswaran, Kai Zheng
OBJECTIVE: The utility of biomedical information retrieval environments can be severely limited when users lack expertise in constructing effective search queries. To address this issue, we developed a computer-based query recommendation algorithm that suggests semantically interchangeable terms based on an initial user-entered query. In this study, we assessed the value of this approach, which has broad applicability in biomedical information retrieval, by demonstrating its application as part of a search engine that facilitates retrieval of information from electronic health records (EHRs)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122658/randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-analysis-of-an-internet-based-weight-management-programme-power-positive-online-weight-reduction
#16
Paul Little, Beth Stuart, Fd Richard Hobbs, Jo Kelly, Emily R Smith, Katherine J Bradbury, Stephanie Hughes, Peter Wf Smith, Michael V Moore, Mike Ej Lean, Barrie M Margetts, Christopher D Byrne, Simon Griffin, Mina Davoudianfar, Julie Hooper, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, James Raftery, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Behavioural counselling with intensive follow-up for obesity is effective, but in resource-constrained primary care settings briefer approaches are needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an internet-based behavioural intervention with regular face-to-face or remote support in primary care, compared with brief advice. DESIGN: Individually randomised three-arm parallel trial with health economic evaluation and nested qualitative interviews...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118191/a-rare-concha-variation-coronal-cleft
#17
Serap Yucel, Hediye Pinar Gunbey, Emre Gunbey, Asli Sayit Tanrivermis, Kerim Aslan
Nasal turbinates are embryologically derived from a series of outgrowths from the foetal lateral nasal wall. These outgrowths form a series of ridges, referred to as "ethmoturbinals" and have several vital functions. Several different turbinate variations have been reported so far. The authors presented 3 patients of coronal clefted concha who were diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging. Computed tomography scans and nasal endoscopic examinations are also performed subsequently. These patients are the first coronal clefted concha cases in the literature and also the first radiological study defining concha cleft...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109921/coronary-artery-pet-mr-imaging-feasibility-limitations-and-solutions
#18
Philip M Robson, Marc R Dweck, Maria Giovanna Trivieri, Ronan Abgral, Nicolas A Karakatsanis, Johanna Contreras, Umesh Gidwani, Jagat P Narula, Valentin Fuster, Jason C Kovacic, Zahi A Fayad
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to describe the authors' initial experience with combined coronary artery positron emission tomographic (PET) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) and (18)F-sodium fluoride ((18)F-NaF) radiotracers, describe common problems and their solutions, and demonstrate the feasibility of coronary PET/MR imaging in appropriate patients. BACKGROUND: Recently, PET imaging has been applied to the aortic valve and regions of atherosclerosis...
January 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109252/rna-tvcurve-a-web-server-for-rna-secondary-structure-comparison-based-on-a-multi-scale-similarity-of-its-triple-vector-curve-representation
#19
Ying Li, Xiaohu Shi, Yanchun Liang, Juan Xie, Yu Zhang, Qin Ma
BACKGROUND: RNAs have been found to carry diverse functionalities in nature. Inferring the similarity between two given RNAs is a fundamental step to understand and interpret their functional relationship. The majority of functional RNAs show conserved secondary structures, rather than sequence conservation. Those algorithms relying on sequence-based features usually have limitations in their prediction performance. Hence, integrating RNA structure features is very critical for RNA analysis...
January 21, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105129/acute-fibrinous-and-organizing-pneumonia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Xiao-Yong Xu, Fei Chen, Chen Chen, Hui-Ming Sun, Bei-Lei Zhao
Acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is a rare lung disease with distinct histological characteristics that include the diffuse presence of intra-alveolar fibrin, and the absence of eosinophils and hyaline membrane. In the present study, a case of AFOP that was diagnosed by lung biopsy is described. The patient presented with high fever and a cough with expectoration. Computed tomography of the lung showed the presence of bilateral patchy infiltrates, predominantly in the lower lobes. Histopathological examination of lung biopsy from the lower pulmonary lobe confirmed the pathological diagnosis...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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