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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227640/hardness-map-of-human-meta-tarsals-and-phalanges-of-toes
#1
Irfan Manarvi, Irfan Manarvi, Irfan Manarvi
Predicting location of fracture in human bones has been a keen area of research for the past few decades. A variety of tests for hardness, deformation and strain field measurement have been conducted in the past; but considered insufficient due to various limitations. Researchers therefore have proposed further studies due to inaccuracies in measurement methods, testing machines and experimental errors. Advancement and availability of hardware, measuring instrumentation and testing machines can now provide remedies to these limitations...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224272/biomechanical-evaluation-of-reconstruction-plates-with-locking-nonlocking-and-hybrid-screws-configurations-in-calcaneal-fracture-a-finite-element-model-study
#2
Ching-Hsuan Chen, Chinghua Hung, Yu-Chun Hsu, Chen-Sheng Chen, Chao-Ching Chiang
Calcaneal fractures are the most common fractures of the tarsal bones. The stability of fixation is an important factor for successful reconstruction of calcaneal fractures. The purpose of this study was to analyze the biomechanical influence of plate fixation with different combinations of locking and nonlocking screws during early weight-bearing phase. A three-dimensional FE foot model was established using ANSYS software, which comprised bones, cartilages, plantar fascia, and soft tissue. Calcaneal plate was fixed with whole locking (WLS), whole nonlocking (WNS), and hybrid screw configurations for FE analysis...
February 21, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220573/a-comparison-of-two-types-of-ankle-supports-in-men-with-haemophilia-and-unilateral-ankle-pain-from-arthropathy
#3
D Oleson, L Fox, T Nguyen, P Sochacki, M McCarthy, E Adams, M Recht
INTRODUCTION: Adults with haemophilia frequently have a painful and disordered gait due to ankle arthropathy. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine if pain and gait parameters were affected by the use of different types of ankle bracing. METHODS: We investigated the gait patterns of 17 men with severe haemophilia without bracing, using a fracture boot (FB) and a carbon fibre floor reaction ankle foot orthosis (CF-AFO). Pain relief was determined in each condition...
February 20, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210038/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-foot-function-index-for-patients-with-foot-complaints
#4
Tae-Sung In, Jin-Hwa Jung, Keunjo Kim, Kyoung-Sim Jung, Hwi-Young Cho
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to establish the reliability and validity of the Foot Function Index translated into Korean for use in patients with plantar fasciitis and foot/ankle fracture. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-six subjects with foot complaints, 14 males and 22 females, participated in the study. Reliability was determined by using the intra-class correlation coefficient and Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency. Validity was examined by correlating Foot Function Index scores with the Short Form-36 and the Visual Analog Scale scores...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209169/vascular-impulse-technology-versus-elevation-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-swelling-of-extremity-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Marc Schnetzke, Benedict Swartman, Isabel Bonnen, Holger Keil, Svenja Schüler, Paul A Grützner, Jochen Franke
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the extremities are often complicated by a variable degree of swelling secondary to hemorrhage and soft tissue injury. Patients typically require up to 7 days of inpatient bed rest and elevation to reduce swelling to an acceptable level for operative treatment with internal fixation. Alternatively, an intermittent pneumatic compression device, such as the Vascular Impulse Technology (VIT) system, can be used at the injured extremity to reduce the posttraumatic swelling...
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208957/open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-displaced-calcaneum-intra-articular-fractures-by-locking-calcaneal-plate
#6
Santosha, Shams Gulrez, Arambam Mahendra Singh, Sanjib Waikhom, Vishal Pakhrin, Sagnik Mukherjee, Rajkumar Debbarma, Prabhu Shrinivas Prashant
INTRODUCTION: Calcaneal fractures constitute the most common fractures in hindfoot. Lots of controversies exist in the management of calcaneal fractures but now-a-days, it is preferable to perform open reduction and internal fixation and early mobilizatation. AIM: To evaluate the functional outcome after open reduction and internal fixation of displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneum by locking calcaneal plate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery from September 2013 to April 2016...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203271/a-review-of-the-epidemiology-and-treatment-of-orthopaedic-injuries-after-earthquakes-in-developing-countries
#7
REVIEW
James S MacKenzie, Bibek Banskota, Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Erik A Hasenboehler
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes in developing countries are devastating events. Orthopaedic surgeons play a key role in treating earthquake-related injuries to the extremities. We describe orthopaedic injury epidemiology to help guide response planning for earthquake-related disasters. METHODS: Several databases were searched for articles reporting primary injury after major earthquakes from 1970 to June 2016. We used the following key words: "earthquake" AND "fracture" AND "injury" AND "orthopedic" AND "treatment" AND "epidemiology...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196544/diagnostic-error-in-the-emergency-department-follow-up-of-patients-with-minor-trauma-in-the-outpatient-clinic
#8
Pieter-Jan Moonen, Luc Mercelina, Willem Boer, Tom Fret
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Department (ED) is prone to diagnostic error. Most frequent diagnostic errors involved "minor" trauma. Our goal was to determine how frequently a missed diagnosis was detected during follow up and to determine the frequency and causes of primary missed diagnosis and diagnostic error. METHODS: A retrospective single centre study review, during 6 months including all patients presenting to the outpatient clinic after ED admission with a minor trauma...
February 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182170/complications-of-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-plating-for-distal-tibial-fractures
#9
Nasir Muzaffar, Rafiq Bhat, Mohammad Yasin
BACKGROUND: The management of distal tibia fractures continues to remain a source of controversy and debate. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the various complications of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) using a locking plate for closed fractures of distal tibia in a retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with distal tibial fractures, treated by minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis, were evaluated in a retrospective study...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178851/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
Meijer DT, de Muinck Keizer R-JO, Doornberg JN, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of 2-dimensional computed tomography for articular involvement and fracture pattern of posterior malleolar fractures. Foot Ankle Int. 2016;37(1):75-82. (Original DOI: 10.1177/1071100715603999 ).
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173717/double-plating-of-distal-fibula-fractures
#11
Danica D Vance, J Turner Vosseller
INTRODUCTION: Distal fibula fractures are common orthopaedic injuries that often require open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) to anatomically reduce the fracture and minimize the risk of posttraumatic arthritis. In certain clinical situations, stouter fixation may be advantageous to decrease the risk of fixation failure. In this study, the authors report on 12 patients who underwent distal fibula ORIF with 2 one-third tubular plates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients who underwent distal fibula ORIF with 2 one-third tubular plates were retrospectively reviewed...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169040/os-subtibiale-mimicking-medial-malleolar-fracture-a-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-literature
#12
Murat Topal, Ahmet Köse, Recep Dinçer, Tuncay Baran, Mehmet Köse, M Çağatay Engin
There are numerous sesamoids and accessory ossicles around the foot which can easily be misdiagnosed as fractures. Os subtibiale is a very rare normal variant of the medial malleolus which is usually diagnosed incidentally in routine ankle radiographs. In this report, we present a case series of 3 patients with os subtibiale who were admitted to the emergency department with ankle sprains and misdiagnosed as medial malleolar fractures. We would like to raise awareness to the very rare and usually asymptomatic os subtibiale as a diagnostic pitfall...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167061/chopart-injuries-when-to-fix-and-when-to-fuse
#13
REVIEW
Stefan Rammelt, Tim Schepers
Chopart joint injuries have a profound effect on global foot function. Surgical treatment aims at joint reconstruction and axial alignment with restoration of the normal relationship of the lateral and medial foot columns. Internal fixation is tailored to the individual fracture pattern and achieved with resorbable pins, Kirschner wires, screws, and/or anatomically shaped minifragment plates. If instability persists, temporary joint transfixation may be achieved with Kirschner wires or bridge plating. Primary fusion sacrifices essential joints and should be reserved for severe initial cartilage damage...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162173/-clinical-effect-of-double-layer-vacuum-sealing-drainage-in-the-treatment-of-delayed-severe-infection-after-calcaneal-fracture-operation
#14
H D Ma, J Bai, X J Du, H D Liu, Y Gao, J J Li, W D Liang, L H Cao, J F Qu
Objective: To observe the clinical effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) technique and simple dressing change in the treatment of delayed severe infection after calcaneal fracture surgery. Methods: From August 2008 to July 2015 , 73 patients with delayed severe infection were treated after calcaneal fractures 3 months in Department of Foot and Ankle, the Second Hospital of Tangshan City, according to the treatment methods are divided into vacuum sealing drainage group of 38 cases, 35 cases of simple dressing group...
January 17, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155822/treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-by-intramedullary-nail-preliminary-report
#15
Mirosław Falis, Krystian Pyszel
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and plate stabilisation is a recognised method of treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. The surgical approach to the calcaneal bone used in these procedures is associated with a high risk of complications. The aim of this paper is to present the author's experience with a new surgical method and analyse early outcomes of the treatment of calcaneal fractures by Calcanail intramedullary nailing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study encompassed 17 patients (5 women and 12 men) with 18 calcaneal fractures (5 in the right foot and 13 in the left foot)...
March 23, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149717/endoscopically-and-fluoroscopically-assisted-curettage-and-bone-grafting-of-the-navicular-bone-cyst
#16
Tun Hing Lui
Simple bone cyst is a common tumorlike lesion of the bone and can involve the bones of the foot. It is usually asymptomatic but can also present with pain or pathologic fracture. The purpose of this technical note is to describe the uni-osseous portal approach of endoscopic curettage and bone grafting of simple bone cyst of the navicular bone. The single-portal approach reduces the risk of iatrogenic fracture of the navicular bone. This is indicated for painful bone cyst of the navicular bone resistant to conservative treatment...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144601/proximal-fifth-metatarsal-fractures-anatomy-classification-treatment-and-complications
#17
REVIEW
Chi Nok Cheung, Tun Hing Lui
CONTEXT: Fractures of proximal fifth metatarsal are one of the most common fractures of the foot. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search of PubMed for studies on proximal fifth metatarsal fracture and Jones fracture focusing on the classification and management was performed. The reference list of the retrieved articles was searched for additional related studies. RESULTS: The vascular supply and soft tissue anatomy of the fifth metatarsal explains the increased risk of delayed union and non-union in fractures at the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139401/multifocal-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-of-the-foot-and-ankle-developing-a-postoperative-infection-long-term-outcome-a-case-report
#18
Ilias Bisbinas, Zacharoula Karabouta, Vasileios Lampridis, Dimitrios Georgiannos, Athanasios Badekas
A case of rare epithelioid hemangioendothelioma with multiple foot and ankle lytic lesions in a 41-year-old male is reported. The patient presented to our hospital after having received treatment elsewhere and developing a local postoperative infection. After thorough investigations and establishing the diagnosis, we initially treated the local infection and highlighted the potential risk of malignancy. Finally, respecting the patient's wishes, he was treated with consideration mostly of the pending foot and ankle fractures rather than the risk of malignancy...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134962/common-foot-and-ankle-injuries-what-not-to-miss-and-how-best-to-manage
#19
Jessica Reissig, Adam Bitterman, Simon Lee
Injuries to the foot and ankle are commonly encountered, especially among athletes, and can lead to morbidity if not managed appropriately. Health care professionals must have a firm understanding of injury anatomy, diagnoses, and management. This article provides a review of lateral talus process fractures, os trigonum injuries, Lisfranc injuries, turf toe, navicular stress fractures, and syndesmotic injuries.
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124724/number-of-positive-radiographic-findings-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#20
Thomas Ruffing, Tim Danko, Thomas Henzler, Christel Weiss, Alexander Hofmann, Markus Muhm
PURPOSE: Conventional radiography is frequently performed in pediatric patients in whom fractures and dislocations are suspected. However, until now, the rate of positive findings of the most commonly performed radiographic examinations in pediatric patients is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the number of positive findings in the 20 most frequently requested standard radiographic examinations in pediatric patients in a level 1 trauma center systematically. METHODS: A transversal cohort study was conducted at a level 1 trauma center in Germany (2008-2014)...
January 26, 2017: Emergency Radiology
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