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Amh and calves

G Kitahara, H El-Sheikh Ali, App Teh, Y Hidaka, S Haneda, S Mido, R Yamaguchi, T Osawa
The current report aimed to characterize plasma anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in bovine male pseudohermaphroditism. The blood AMH concentration in a Japanese Black male pseudohermaphrodite calf was compared with pre- and post-pubertal male and female calves and castrated calves. The concentration in the case was higher than in post-pubertal males, castrated males, and pre- and post-pubertal female calves (p < .05), but similar to that in pre-pubertal male calves. After extraction of the testes, the concentration in the case dropped to a certain extent...
February 9, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Hossam El-Sheikh Ali, Go Kitahara, Toru Takahashi, Shogo Mido, Mohammed Sadawy, Ikuo Kobayashi, Koichiro Hemmi, Takeshi Osawa
The current study aimed to define the plasma profile of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in heifers during postnatal life until achieving puberty, as defined by plasma progesterone (P4) profile, to demonstrate a relationship between AMH and age of puberty onset. Blood samples collected from 11 Japanese Black female calves within 1 week after birth (W 0) and then biweekly until the sixth week after puberty (WP 6) were assayed for AMH, FSH, and P4. The heifers were classified into two groups based on age of puberty onset: ≤42 weeks (early puberty group; EP, n = 4) and ≥44 weeks (late puberty group; LP, n = 7)...
July 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
V Akbarinejad, F Gharagozlou, M Vojgani
Ovarian reserve has been suggested as an important contributing factor of reproductive success in bovine. Size of ovarian reserve is determined during fetal period and it could be altered by environmental factors, with which the dam is exposed. Maternal heat stress could impair placental function and fetal development; however, there is limited information on the impact of prenatal heat stress on fertility and ovarian reserve in the offspring. Therefore, a retrospective study was conducted, in which fertility parameters and AMH concentration, as a reliable marker of ovarian reserve in bovine, were studied in the offspring of dams that had been exposed to heat stress during the first (FTE), second (STE) or third (TTE) trimester of gestation and the offspring of dams unexposed to heat stress (US)...
September 1, 2017: Theriogenology
H Nabenishi, G Kitahara, S Takagi, A Yamazaki, T Osawa
To use plasma anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations as early-stage markers for donor cow selection, we investigated the relationship between plasma AMH concentrations in Japanese black heifers and subsequent embryo productivity following superovulation treatment. Plasma AMH and nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations in 6 heifers were evaluated once per month from 3 mo before successful AI for primiparity to 3 mo postpartum. Following calving, embryo collection by superovulation treatment was performed at 3- to 4-mo intervals...
July 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Dragos Scarlet, Christine Aurich, Natascha Ille, Ingrid Walter, Corinna Weber, Dagmar Pieler, Walter Peinhopf, Peter Wohlsein, Jörg Aurich
Eight-week-old calves were either castrated by partial scrotal resection (SR) without removing the testes (n = 10), Burdizzo (BZ) clamp (n = 10), orchidectomy (OR; n = 10), or were left gonad intact as controls (CO; n = 10). Concentrations of anti-Muellerian hormone (AMH), inhibin A, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in plasma were determined from 16 to 48 weeks of age. At 18 months, testes of SR, BZ, and CO bulls were obtained and the immunolocalization of LH and FSH receptors and AMH analyzed...
January 1, 2017: Theriogenology
G Kitahara, R Kamata, Y Sasaki, H El-Sheikh Ali, S Mido, I Kobayashi, K Hemmi, T Osawa
The aim of this study was to clarify the time-course of changes in anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and testosterone (T) concentrations in peripheral blood and to determine the relationships between blood AMH concentration and testicular development during the early postnatal and prepubertal periods in beef bull calves. A total of 17 Japanese Black bull calves were enrolled in this study. The wk in which the calf was born (within 6 d after birth) was defined as M 0. Blood samples were taken once in every mo from M 0 to M 6 from each bull calf, and plasma AMH and T concentrations were determined...
October 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
N Ghanem, J I Jin, S S Kim, B H Choi, K L Lee, A N Ha, S H Song, I K Kong
The current study investigated the possibility of using the AMH concentration as a predictor of the ability of Korean Hanwoo cows to produce cumulus-oocyte complexes, embryos that survive after transfer as well as the pregnancy outcome of surrogates. Eight sessions of ovum pick-up (OPU) were performed with 19 donor cows at an interval of 3-4 days. Antral follicle count (AFC), oocyte quality and in vitro embryo development were recorded for each cow. Embryos produced from cows with different AMH profiles were transferred into recipients (n = 96)...
April 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Chris J C Johnston, Danielle J Smyth, David W Dresser, Rick M Maizels
The TGF-β superfamily is an ancient metazoan protein class which cuts across cell and tissue differentiation, developmental biology and immunology. Its many members are regulated at multiple levels from intricate control of gene transcription, post-translational processing and activation, and signaling through overlapping receptor structures and downstream intracellular messengers. We have been interested in TGF-β homologues firstly as key players in the induction of immunological tolerance, the topic so closely associated with Ray Owen...
January 2016: Cellular Immunology
E O S Batista, B M Guerreiro, B G Freitas, J C B Silva, L M Vieira, R M Ferreira, R G Rezende, A C Basso, R N V R Lopes, F P Rennó, A H Souza, P S Baruselli
This study evaluated the association between plasma anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations and in vitro embryo production in Bos indicus (Nelore; experiment 1) and Bos taurus (Holstein; experiment 2) calves superstimulated or not with 140 mg of porcine follicle-stimulating hormone (pFSH; 4 decreasing doses twice daily). Oocytes were recovered from calves aged 2 to 4 mo after receiving gonadotropin stimulation (Nelore, n = 15; Holstein, n = 12) or not (Nelore, n = 15; Holstein, n = 12). Cycling heifers formed a positive control group (n = 15 for Nelore [aged 18-24 mo], n = 10 for Holstein [aged 14-16 mo])...
January 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
F Jimenez-Krassel, D M Scheetz, L M Neuder, J L H Ireland, J R Pursley, G W Smith, R J Tempelman, T Ferris, W E Roudebush, F Mossa, P Lonergan, A C O Evans, J J Ireland
Reliable biomarkers predictive of productive herd life (time in herd after birth of first calf) have heretofore not been discovered in dairy cattle. However, circulating concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) are positively associated with number of follicles or antral follicle count (AFC), ovarian function, and fertility, and approximately 25% of cows have a relatively low AFC and low AMH concentrations. The present study tested the hypothesis that heifers with the lowest AMH concentrations have suboptimal fertility and are removed from a herd for poor reproductive performance at a greater rate, and therefore have a shorter productive herd life compared with age-matched herdmates with higher AMH...
May 2015: Journal of Dairy Science
A H Souza, P D Carvalho, A E Rozner, L M Vieira, K S Hackbart, R W Bender, A R Dresch, J P Verstegen, R D Shaver, M C Wiltbank
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between circulating anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and superovulatory response of dairy cows. Holstein cows (n=72) were milked twice daily and housed and fed individually in tiestalls. All animals were synchronized and flushed at 70±3 d in milk (DIM), near peak production (39.6kg/d). Blood samples for AMH analysis were collected at 3 different stages of a synchronized estrous cycle [at a random stage (40±3 DIM), proestrus (50±3 DIM), and diestrus (57±3 DIM)]...
January 2015: Journal of Dairy Science
E S Ribeiro, R S Bisinotto, F S Lima, L F Greco, A Morrison, A Kumar, W W Thatcher, J E P Santos
The objectives of this study were to identify factors associated with concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in plasma of dairy cows and to investigate the relationships between plasma AMH and fertility responses during a 100-d breeding season. Lactating cows, 1,237 in 2 seasonally calving herds, had estrous cycles presynchronized and were enrolled in a timed artificial insemination (AI) protocol. All cows were inseminated on the first day of breeding season, considered study d 0. Blood was sampled on d -8 and analyzed for concentrations of AMH and progesterone...
November 2014: Journal of Dairy Science
Go Kitahara, Hossam El-Sheikh Ali, Tomohiro Sato, Ikuo Kobayashi, Koichiro Hemmi, Yuka Shirao, Shunichi Kamimura
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and testosterone (T) profiles in blood were investigated before and after an hCG stimulation test to assess their sensitivity and specificity for the existence of a functional cryptorchid testis in Japanese Black calves. The hCG (3,000 IU) was administered on Day 0, and peripheral blood was collected on Days 0 (just before hCG injection), 5 and 7 in intact male calves (Intact; n=19), bilateral castrated calves (Castrated; n=17), unilateral cryptorchid calves, which abdominal testis could been extracted (Uni-crypto; n=9)...
2012: Journal of Reproduction and Development
B Vigier, D Tran, F du Mesnil du Buisson, Y Heyman, N Josso
Monoclonal antibodies against bovine anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) were used to study the hormone in cattle. Anti-Müllerian activity of testicular tissue, immunoreactive testicular AMH, serum AMH concentration and AMH production by incubated testicular tissue were detectable from 42 days, i.e. at the time of seminiferous tubule differentiation, and peaked between 50 and 80 days, when the Müllerian ducts regress in the male fetus. All the values stabilized at a lower level until 30 days after birth and then slowly decreased...
September 1983: Journal of Reproduction and Fertility
D Tran, J Y Picard, J Campargue, N Josso
An immunocytochemical method, based on the use of a polyclonal antibody raised against purified bovine anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), was used to detect AMH in Sertoli cell cytoplasm of various mammalian species, including human. Immunopurification of antiserum by AMH-affinity chromatography, although not mandatory, leads to better results and increased sensitivity. In human testicular tissue, AMH is detectable up to 6 years of age. In rats, AMH production is initiated at 13 days post coitum, peaks between 15 and 17 days, and is no longer detectable 1 week after birth...
July 1987: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
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