keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hypercoagulable state

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325458/chronic-subdural-hematoma-icu-management
#1
REVIEW
Jeremy T Ragland, Kiwon Lee
Patients with cSDH presenting with new or worsening neurological deficits, especially if they are debilitating and adversely affecting quality of life require urgent medical and surgical attention. Neurological and neurosurgical critical care team need to stabilize the patient by reversing any underlying coagulopathy states in order to prevent further hematoma expansion.In the event of brain herniation and presumed ICP elevation and CPP compromise, step-wise ICP management should be instituted promptly.Seizure prophylaxis treatment is reasonable...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320836/adaptive-upregulation-of-clumping-factor-a-clfa-by-s-aureus-in-the-obese-type-2-diabetic-host-mediates-increased-virulence
#2
Christopher W Farnsworth, Eric M Schott, Sarah E Jensen, Jacob Zukoski, Abigail M Benvie, Majed A Refaai, Stephen L Kates, Edward M Schwarz, Michael J Zuscik, Steven R Gill, Robert A Mooney
Obesity and associated type 2 diabetes (T2D) are important risk factors for infection following orthopaedic implant surgery. Staphylococcus aureus, the most common pathogen in bone infections, adapts to multiple environments to survive and evade host immune responses. Whether adaptation of S. aureus to the unique environment of the obese/T2D host accounts for its increased virulence and persistence in this population is unknown. Thus, we assessed implant-associated osteomyelitis in normal versus high fat-diet obese/T2D mice and found that S...
March 20, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319440/markers-of-blood-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis-in-patients-with-early-and-delayed-microsurgical-reconstructions-in-the-lower-extremities
#3
Oliver Kloeters, Dalibor Vasilic, Pieter Hupkens, Dietmar Ulrich
BACKGROUND: In this study, markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis were assessed during early and delayed microsurgical reconstruction in patients with traumatic defects of their lower legs to analyse whether an imbalance of the hemostasis after trauma might predispose the development of vascular complications. METHODS: The prospective study included 70 patients. In 35 patients, surgery was performed within 72 hours after injury. In 35 other patients, delayed free flap transfer was performed between 14-21 days after trauma...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304315/using-antifibrinolytics-in-the-peripartum-period-concern-for-a-hypercoagulable-effect
#4
H K Ahmadzia, E L Lockhart, S M Thomas, I J Welsby, M R Hoffman, A H James, A P Murtha, G K Swamy, C A Grotegut
INTRODUCTION: Although antifibrinolytic agents are used to prevent and treat hemorrhage, there are concerns about a potential increased risk for peripartum venous thromboembolism. We sought to determine the impact of tranexamic acid and ɛ-aminocaproic acid on in vitro clotting properties in pregnancy. METHODS: Blood samples was obtained from healthy pregnant, obese, and preeclamptic pregnant women (n = 10 in each group) prior to delivery as well as from healthy non-pregnant controls (n = 10)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302320/platelet-reactivity-and-mean-platelet-volume-as-risk-markers-of-thrombogenesis-in-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Marcin Makowski, Ireneusz Smorag, Joanna Makowska, Andrzej Bissinger, Tomasz Grycewicz, Jarek Paśnik, Michal Kidawa, Andrzej Lubiński, Marzenna Zielińska, Zbigniew Baj
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk of thromboembolic complications. One of the markers of the increased risk of hypercoagulable state is platelet hyperreactivity. The aim of the study was to assess impact of arrhythmia on platelet reactivity. METHODS: The study included 36 (mean age 48,3; range 21-60) male patients with lone atrial fibrillation, with exclusion of concomitant diseases known to trigger hypercoagulable state. The AF patients underwent cardioversion to restore sinus rhythm and were subsequently under observation for 1month...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302286/viscoelastic-hemostatic-assays-in-the-management-of-the-pediatric-trauma-patient
#6
Christine M Leeper, Barbara A Gaines
Viscoelastic hemostatic assays (VHA), such as TEG and ROTEM, are whole blood tests that depict functional coagulation both numerically and graphically. The development of rapid VHA technology, which allows for the first data points to result within minutes of test initiation, has increased the utility of these tests in the treatment of trauma patients. Both adult and pediatric centers have integrated VHAs into trauma resuscitation and transfusion protocols. Literature regarding the use of VHAs for injured children is limited...
February 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299993/a-new-perspective-on-the-risk-of-hypercoagulopathy-in-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-using-thromboelastography
#7
Eyal Zohav, Benny Almog, Aviad Cohen, Ishai Levin, Varda Deutsch, Ariel Many, Ami Amit, Yoni Cohen
Thromboelastography (TEG) provides real-time assessment of hemostasis by measuring the viscoelastic properties, coagulation factor, and platelet activity in whole blood samples. In this prospective case-control study, we wanted to investigate whether blood clot formation assessment, using TEG, can identify a hypercoagulable state in women with severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Thirty-six women who were hospitalized with severe OHSS were allocated to the OHSS group and 32 women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation but who did not develop OHSS were allocated to the control group...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277060/thrombelastographic-hypercoagulability-and-antiplatelet-therapy-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-teg-cabg-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Sulman Rafiq, Pär I Johansson, Klaus F Kofoed, Jens T Lund, Peter S Olsen, Simon Bentsen, Daniel A Steinbrüchel
A hypercoagulable state has, in observational studies, been associated with increased risk of thromboembolic events. The aim of this trial was to study whether dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with clopidogrel in addition to aspirin could reduce the rate of graft occlusions, thromboembolic events, and death compared to aspirin monotherapy in hypercoagulable patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. A total of 1683 patients were screened for eligibility, among which 165 patients were randomized and 133 patients underwent multislice computed tomography scan to evaluate their grafts...
February 22, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271663/vascular-complications-following-prophylactic-balloon-occlusion-of-the-internal-iliac-arteries-resolved-by-successful-interventional-thrombolysis-in-a-patient-with-morbidly-adherent-placenta
#9
Ning Zhang, Wei-Hua Lou, Xue-Bin Zhang, Jia-Ning Fu, Yun-Yan Chen, Zhi-Guo Zhuang, Jian-Hua Lin
The increasing incidence of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) is placing women at a higher risk of life-threatening massive hemorrhage. The involvement of interventional radiology to manage this complex condition by performing prophylactic iliac artery balloon occlusion has been reported recently. However, the effectiveness and safety of this technique have not been fully determined. Here we report the case of a 25-year-old woman with placenta increta with preemptive bilateral internal iliac artery balloons who had external iliac artery thrombosis detected by computed tomography angiography (CTA) 72 h post cesarean section...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267395/the-role-of-platelets-in-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#10
G Baroni, A Banzato, E Bison, G Denas, G Zoppellaro, V Pengo
Despite extensive research, the pathogenesis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) remains obscure in many aspects. However, it is widely accepted that thrombosis is the result of a hypercoagulable state caused by antibodies directed against β2-glycoprotein I (β2-GPI), a protein whose physiological role is unknown. Although underestimated, platelets may be involved in APS and its thrombotic manifestations, especially arterial, in several ways. Thrombocytopenia is the most relevant non-criteria manifestation of APS, possibly caused by direct binding of anti-β2-GPI antibodies or anti-β2-GPI-β2-GPI complexes...
March 7, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248803/1-1-transfusion-strategies-are-right-for-the-wrong-reasons
#11
Stephanie A Savage, Ben L Zarzaur, Brian L Brewer, Garrett H Lim, Ali C Martin, Louis J Magnotti, Martin A Croce, Timothy H Pohlman
INTRODUCTION: Early assessment of clot function identifies coagulopathies following injury. Abnormalities include a hypercoagulable state from excess thrombin generation, as well as an acquired coagulopathy. Efforts to address coagulopathy have resulted in earlier, aggressive use of plasma emphasizing 1:1 resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to describe coagulopathies in varying hemorrhagic profiles from a cohort of injured patients. METHODS: All injured patients who received at least one unit of packed red blood cells (PRBC) in the first 24 hours of admission from September 2013 to May 2015 were eligible for inclusion...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248742/central-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-gata2-deficiency
#12
Duncan Berry, Sharon Fekrat
PURPOSE: To examine the association between GATA2 deficiency-related myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). METHODS: Clinical ophthalmologic examination and laboratory work-up was performed for a patient with GATA2 deficiency-related MDS who experienced a unilateral CRVO. The literature was reviewed for reports of CRVO in the setting of MDS and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. RESULTS: Ophthalmologic examination revealed findings consistent with unilateral CRVO...
February 28, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247972/clinical-relevance-of-hypercoagulability-and-possible-hypofibrinolysis-associated-with-estrone-and-estriol
#13
Albe C Swanepoel, Priyaa Naidoo, Vance G Nielsen, Etheresia Pretorius
Estrone (E1 ) and Estriol (E3 ) are endogenous female hormones, present in increased concentrations during female specific physiological processes (menopause and pregnancy respectively) that are associated with increased venous thrombotic risk. These hormones are also used as hormone therapies that are also associated with increased thromboembolism risk. Viscoelastic analysis revealed no significant difference to clot formation after hormone addition, however morphological analysis showed that the addition of both E1 and E3 result in fibrin clots composed of thinner fibrin fibers arranged in dense matted networks...
March 1, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228636/progressive-ischemic-stroke-due-to-thyroid-storm-associated-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#14
Natsumi Tanabe, Eiji Hiraoka, Masataka Hoshino, Gautam A Deshpande, Kana Sawada, Yasuhiro Norisue, Jumpei Tsukuda, Toshihiko Suzuki
BACKGROUND Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare but fatal complication of hyperthyroidism that is induced by the hypercoagulable state of thyrotoxicosis. Although it is frequently difficult to diagnose CVT promptly, it is important to consider it in the differential diagnosis when a hyperthyroid patient presents with atypical neurologic symptoms. CASE REPORT A 49-year-old Japanese female with unremarkable medical history came in with thyroid storm and multiple progressive ischemic stroke identified at another hospital...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223937/orthostatic-challenge-shifts-the-hemostatic-system-of-patients-recovered-from-stroke-toward-hypercoagulability
#15
Gerhard Cvirn, Markus Kneihsl, Christine Rossmann, Margret Paar, Thomas Gattringer, Axel Schlagenhauf, Bettina Leschnik, Martin Koestenberger, Erwin Tafeit, Gilbert Reibnegger, Irhad Trozic, Andreas Rössler, Franz Fazekas, Nandu Goswami
Aims: The objective of our study was to assess the effects of orthostatic challenge on the coagulation system in patients with a history of thromboembolic events and to assess how they compared with age-matched healthy controls. Methods: Twenty-two patients with histories of ischemic stroke and 22 healthy age-matched controls performed a sit-to-stand test. Blood was collected prior to- and at the end of- standing in the upright position for 6 min. Hemostatic profiling was performed by determining thrombelastometry and calibrated automated thrombogram values, indices of thrombin generation, standard coagulation times, markers of endothelial activation, plasma levels of coagulation factors and copeptin, and hematocrit...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223774/serum-hypercoagulability-states-in-coats-disease
#16
Fariba Ghassemi, Carol L Shields, Masoumeh Mohebbi, Mehdi Nili Ahmadabadi, Fatemeh Morsali, Siamak Sabour
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the serum hypercoagulability state and common viral and protozoan infections in Coats' disease versus a normal control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this comparative case series, 22 consecutive patients with Coats' disease and 19 non-Coats' patients undergoing lensectomy for congenital, traumatic, or senile cataract between January 2011 and June 2014 were included. Laboratory data for hypercoagulability states and common viral and protozoan infections were investigated...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207534/a-case-control-study-on-the-structural-equation-model-of-the-mechanism-of-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis-imbalance-in-chronic-schistosomiasis
#17
Aiping Le, Lunli Zhang, Wei Liu, Xiaopeng Li, Jianwei Ren, An Ning
A structural equation model was used for verification with chronic schistosomiasis to investigate the coagulation-anticoagulation system imbalance and to deduce the mechanism of D-dimer (D-D) level elevation in patients with advanced schistosome hepatic disease. We detected the plasma levels of tissue-type fiber plasminogen activator (tPA), urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA), plasmin-antiplasmin complex (PAP), plasminogen (PLG), antithrombin (AT), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI1), D-D, factor VIII: C (FVIII:C), antithrombin-III (AT-III), PLG, protein S (PS), and protein C (PC) in the healthy people as control (69), patients with chronic schistosomiasis (150) or advanced chronic schistosomiasis (90)...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195091/coagulation-profile-during-induction-chemotherapy-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#18
Shivali Sehgal, Sunita Sharma, Jagdish Chandra, Anita Nangia
CONTEXT: Thromboembolism in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is most commonly reported after the initiation of antileukemic therapy, indicating a possible interaction of disease and therapy. AIMS: To study the effect of induction chemotherapy on coagulation parameters in pediatric ALL patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Thirty-seven newly diagnosed patients of ALL up to 18 years of age were evaluated along with 30 age- and sex-matched controls...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181217/hypercoagulability-and-migraine
#19
Gretchen E Tietjen, Stuart A Collins
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that migraineurs, particularly those with aura, have an increased risk for ischemic stroke, but not via enhanced atherosclerosis. The theory that micro-emboli induced ischemia provokes cortical spreading depression (ie, symptomatic aura) in migraineurs but transient ischemic attacks in others highlights a potential role for hypercoagulability as a link between migraine (with aura) and stroke. AIM: Our objective is to summarize the literature evaluating the association of migraine with various acquired or inheritable thrombophilic states, including those related to elevated estrogen levels, endothelial activation and dysfunction, antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), deficiency of coagulation inhibitors, and presence of certain genetic polymorphisms...
February 9, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168695/forensic-considerations-in-cases-of-myotonic-dystrophy-at-autopsy
#20
Kimberley J Omond, Roger W Byard
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a chronic, slowly progressive, autosomal-dominant disorder with delayed muscle relaxation after contraction, distal skeletal muscle weakness, and atrophy. It has a reduced life expectancy due predominantly to respiratory failure or sudden cardiac death. The mortality rate is approximately 7.3 times greater than the general population with a mean age at death of 53 years. Degeneration of the cardiac conduction system causes atrioventricular block, arrhythmias, and ventricular failure...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
keyword
keyword
51607
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"