Read by QxMD icon Read

Intralipid and preterm

Justine M Turner, Yves Sauvé, Miyoung Suh, Paul W Wales, Pamela Wizzard, Susan Goruk, Catherine J Field
BACKGROUND: Preterm neonates and those with intestinal failure require prolonged parenteral nutrition (PN) during a critical time of early central nervous system maturation. Conventional lipid emulsions fed to preterm neonates lack n-3 (ω-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs; >20 carbon chain in length). Recently, fish oil lipid emulsions have been developed that provide both n-6 (ω-6) and n-3 LC-PUFAs, precursors of very long-chain PUFAs (VLC-PUFAs; >24 carbon chain in length)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Gregory Guthrie, Madhulika Kulkarni, Hester Vlaardingerbroek, Barbara Stoll, Kenneth Ng, Camilia Martin, John Belmont, Darryl Hadsell, William Heird, Christopher B Newgard, Oluyinka Olutoye, Johannes van Goudoever, Charlotte Lauridsen, Xingxuan He, Edward H Schuchman, Douglas Burrin
We aimed to characterize the lipidomic, metabolomic, and transcriptomic profiles in preterm piglets administered enteral (ENT) formula or three parenteral lipid emulsions [parenteral nutrition (PN)], Intralipid (IL), Omegaven (OV), or SMOFlipid (SL), for 14 days. Piglets in all parenteral lipid groups showed differential organ growth versus ENT piglets; whole body growth rate was lowest in IL piglets, yet there were no differences in either energy expenditure or (13)C-palmitate oxidation. Plasma homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance demonstrated insulin resistance in IL, but not OV or SL, compared with ENT...
September 2016: Journal of Lipid Research
Kenneth Ng, Barbara Stoll, Shaji Chacko, Miguel Saenz de Pipaon, Charlotte Lauridsen, Matthew Gray, E James Squires, Juan Marini, Irving J Zamora, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Douglas G Burrin
INTRODUCTION: Parenteral nutrition (PN) in preterm infants leads to PN-associated liver disease (PNALD). PNALD has been linked to serum accumulation of phytosterols that are abundant in plant oil but absent in fish oil emulsions. HYPOTHESIS: Whether modifying the phytosterol and vitamin E composition of soy and fish oil lipid emulsions affects development of PNALD in preterm pigs. METHODS: We measured markers of PNALD in preterm pigs that received 14 days of PN that included 1 of the following: (1) Intralipid (IL, 100% soybean oil), (2) Intralipid + vitamin E (ILE, d-α-tocopherol), (3) Omegaven (OV, 100% fish oil), or (4) Omegaven + phytosterols (PS, β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol)...
July 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Thomas Hegyi, Suganya Kathiravan, Gary E Stahl, Andrew H Huber, Alan Kleinfeld
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) infants have poor outcomes, often compromised by bilirubin neurotoxicity. We measured unbound bilirubin (Bf) and unbound free fatty acid (FFAu) levels in 5 ELBW infants in a trial examining the effects of pharmacologic ductal closure on infants treated with Intralipid infusion (3 g/kg/day). The levels for all infants (mean ± SD) were: total serum bilirubin (TSB) 4.6 ± 1.7 mg/dl, FFAu 376 ± 496 nM, and Bf 42 ± 30 nM. Of the 3 infants who died, 2 had TSB <5...
2013: Neonatology
Dorota Pawlik, Ryszard Lauterbach, Maria Walczak, Joanna Hurkała, Michael P Sherman
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest that fish-oil lipid emulsion given parenterally to very preterm infants reduces the severity of retinopathy (ROP) and cholestasis. METHODS: Infants weighing <1250 g at birth were randomly allocated to 2 groups: an experimental group of 60 infants that received an intravenous (IV) soybean, olive oil, and fish oil emulsion, and a control group of 70 infants that was given a parenteral soybean and olive oil emulsion. Plasma and erythrocyte concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were determined using a high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis...
August 2014: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Maria Skouroliakou, Dimitris Konstantinou, Charalampos Agakidis, Natalia Delikou, Katerina Koutri, Marina Antoniadi, Thomais Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effect of 2 lipid emulsions (LEs), a medium-chain triglyceride (MCT)/ω-3-polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-containing LE and a soybean-based LE, on the incidence of neonatal cholestasis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and lipid profile of preterm infants. Patients and METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, 2 groups of preterm neonates, the very low birth weight (VLBW) (n = 129) and the low birth weight (LBW) groups (n = 153), which received parenteral LEs for at least 7 days, were included...
December 2012: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Adam J Lewandowski, Merzaka Lazdam, Esther Davis, Ilias Kylintireas, Jonathan Diesch, Jane Francis, Stefan Neubauer, Atul Singhal, Alan Lucas, Brenda Kelly, Paul Leeson
OBJECTIVE: Intravenous lipid use is associated with an acute hyperlipidemia, but long-term consequences have not been studied. We investigated whether elevated lipids in humans during the critical period of preterm neonatal life have a long-term impact on aortic and myocardial function relevant to adult disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed up 102 subjects born prematurely and now aged 23 to 28 years. Eighteen received intravenous lipids as neonates and were matched to controls with equivalent perinatal characteristics...
September 2011: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
A R Barclay, L M Beattie, L T Weaver, D C Wilson
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure (IF) affects a growing number of children due to increasing numbers of preterm infants surviving intestinal resection for necrotising enterocolitis and improving surgical techniques for congenital gut anomalies. Parenteral nutrition (PN) is the mainstay of therapy; enteral nutrition may have trophic effects on the gut. AIM: To review systematically evidence for the effectiveness of medical and nutritional interventions in the treatment of IF in children...
January 2011: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
M Skouroliakou, D Konstantinou, K Koutri, C Kakavelaki, M Stathopoulou, M Antoniadi, N Xemelidis, V Kona, S Markantonis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to research and draw conclusions about the effect of a parenteral nutrition (PN) fat emulsion, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, on the antioxidant markers of preterm infants, when compared with a standard fat emulsion. This was a double-blind, parallel-group study conducted in Athens, Greece, using an equal randomization method. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Thirty-eight infants were selected using a double-blind method and a computer-generated randomization list...
September 2010: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Anne A M W van Kempen, Saskia N van der Crabben, Mariëtte T Ackermans, Erik Endert, Joke H Kok, Hans P Sauerwein
In preterm infants, both hypo- and hyperglycemia are a frequent problem. Intravenous lipids can affect glucose metabolism by stimulation of gluconeogenesis by providing glycerol, which is a gluconeogenic precursor, and/or free fatty acids (FFA), which are stimulants of the rate of gluconeogenesis. In 25 preterm infants, glucose production and gluconeogenesis were measured using stable isotope techniques during a 6-h infusion of glucose only, glucose plus glycerol, or glucose plus an intravenous lipid emulsion...
April 2006: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ulf Kessler, Zacharias Zachariou, Dorothea Raz, Johannes Poeschl, Otwin Linderkamp
Deleterious microcirculatory effects of Intralipid (IL) infusion may be caused by hemorheological or vascular effects. The aim of this investigation was to study vascular and hemorheological effects of IL in preterm and fullterm neonates and children. Ten preterm newborns, 10 fullterm neonates, and 10 children received an initial infusion of IL (0.6 g/kg) over 4 h. Calf blood flow (venous occlusion plethysmography), blood pressure (Dinamap), whole blood and plasma viscosity (capillary viscometer), red blood cell deformability (rheoscope), and erythrocyte aggregation (aggregometer) were measured before and after administration of IL...
March 2005: Pediatric Surgery International
U Kessler, J Poeschl, D Raz, O Linderkamp, J Bauer
AIM: To study acute haemorheological effects of intralipid in preterm and full-term neonates and children. Circulatory complications of intralipid infusion, such as increases in pulmonary and peripheral flow resistance, have been associated with impaired blood rheology. METHODS: During total parenteral nutrition, 10 preterm infants, 10 full-term neonates and 10 children received an initial dose of intralipid as continuous infusion (0.6 g/kg) over 4 h. Additionally, blood of 10 healthy preterm infants, 10 full-term neonates and 10 adults was incubated with intralipid...
August 2004: Acta Paediatrica
A L Magnusson, I J Waterman, M Wennergren, T Jansson, T L Powell
Triglyceride (TG) hydrolases in the placental microvillous plasma membrane (MVM) release fatty acids from circulating lipoproteins and represent the critical initial step in transplacental fatty acid transfer. We investigated the activity of two TG hydrolases in MVM isolated from placentas of appropriately grown for gestational age pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). In addition, we measured protein expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in MVM and two fatty acid binding proteins (L- and C-FABP) in placental homogenates...
September 2004: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Hassan M Ibrahim, Majied A Jeroudi, R J Baier, Ramasubbareddy Dhanireddy, Richard W Krouskop
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare nitrogen balance and biochemical tolerance of early aggressive versus late total parenteral nutrition in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants over the first week of life. STUDY DESIGN: In all, 32 ventilator-dependent preterm infants were prospectively randomized into two groups. The Early Total Parenteral Nutrition (ETPN) group received 3.5 g/kilo-day amino acids (AA), and 3 g/kilo-day of 20% Intralipid (IL), starting within 1 hour after birth...
August 2004: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Peter J Porcelli, Harry Greene, Eugene Adcock
INTRODUCTION: Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW; birth weight, <1,500 g) infants receive preterm infant formulas and parenteral multivitamin preparations that provide more riboflavin (vitamin B2) than does human milk and more than that recommended by the American Society of Clinical Nutrition. VLBW infants who are not breast-fed may have plasma riboflavin concentrations up to 50 times higher than those in cord blood. The authors examined a vitamin regimen designed to reduce daily riboflavin intake, with the hypothesis that this new regimen would result in lower plasma riboflavin concentrations while maintaining lipid-soluble vitamin levels...
April 2004: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
R B Knobel, W Meetze, J Cummings
A preterm infant, whose course was complicated by sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis with jejunal perforation, intraventricular hemorrhage and cerebellar hemorrhage, suffered permanent and total paralysis below the neck from extravasation of parenteral nutrition fluids through a femoral venous catheter. MRI imaging revealed extravasation of fluid into the paraspinus musculature with extension into the spinal canal. This fluid was identified as hyperalimentation and intralipid. Postmortem examination found evidence of necrosis of the spinal cord as well as perforation of the right iliac vein...
January 2001: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
M Baguma-Nibasheka, C A Mecenas, D A Giussani, P W Nathanielsz
OBJECTIVE: Iloprost, a combined EP(1) stimulatory and IP inhibitory receptor agonist, was tested in vitro on myometrium from the lower uterine segment of pregnant rhesus monkeys to compare its effects in spontaneous labor and in labor induced by the administration of androstenedione to the mother. METHODS: Pregnant rhesus monkeys carrying fetuses of known gestational age were instrumented under halothane general anesthesia with femoral artery and vein catheters and uterine electromyogram leads...
May 2000: Journal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation
A J de Beaufort, A T Bernards, L Dijkshoorn, C P van Boven
Acinetobacter junii caused sepsis in six preterm infants in our neonatal unit within 48 h. Each infant with clinical signs of systemic infection and activation of the acute phase response had two positive blood cultures with Acinetobacter junii. The sudden onset, the short duration of the outbreak and the fact that none of the infants were colonized by A. junii suggested a common source of A. junii administered directly into the blood. The only feature shared by all six affected newborns was an intravenous fat emulsion (Intralipid 10%), which was shown to be an excellent growth medium for A...
July 1999: Acta Paediatrica
S Morris, K Simmer, R Gibson
This study reports the clearance of plasma triglyceride and phospholipid fatty acids during Intralipid 20% infusion (Pharmacia, Sweden) in nine ventilated preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition. Blood samples were taken during lipid infusion and over a subsequent period of 36 h of fat-free parenteral nutrition. Plasma triglyceride fatty acids showed a uniform and rapid decline after lipid was stopped from the peak values recorded during infusion. In contrast, plasma phospholipid fatty acids showed a variable decline during fat-free nutrition...
February 1998: Pediatric Research
L Sirota, R Straussberg, I Notti, H Bessler
The in vitro effect of a lipid emulsion (intralipid) on interleukin-2 (IL-2) production by cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC) of preterm and term newborn infants was examined and compared to that of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of adults. Intralipid, added at concentrations accepted in clinical practice, caused a dose-dependent inhibition of IL-2 activity tested by bioassay. IL-2 levels, tested by radioimmunoassay (RIA), were found to be reduced only in supernatants derived from CBMC of term infants and not in those derived from MC of preterm infants or adults...
April 1997: Acta Paediatrica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"