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Acceptance based therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909481/ice-guided-crt-is-there-evidence-of-reverse-remodeling
#1
REVIEW
Antonio Rossillo Md, Angelo B Ramondo Md
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an accepted treatment for patients with heart failure (HF), impaired left ventricular (LV) function, and a wide QRS complex. However, more than 30% of eligible patients fail to benefit from CRT. It is clearly necessary to define the characteristics of the best candidates for this therapy. To this end, surface ECG and echocardiography have been tested. Unfortunately, however, neither of these examinations has proved sufficiently able to identify the best patients. A tailored approach based on the evaluation of both electrical and mechanical delay to guide LV lead placement seems to be the most reasonable strategy in order to increase the efficacy of CRT therapy...
February 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909365/interviewers-experiences-with-two-multiple-mini-interview-scoring-methods-used-for-admission-to-a-master-of-physical-therapy-programme
#2
Ina van der Spuy, Angela Busch, Julia Bidonde
Purpose: To describe participants' attitudes, beliefs, and experiences with the use of two methods of scoring the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) for admission to a Master of Physical Therapy program: a rank-based scoring system (RBS; used from 2007 to 2013) and a criterion-based scoring system (CBS; tested in 2014). The MMI uses short independent assessments to obtain an aggregate score of candidates' professionalism and interpersonal skills, based on behavioural questions within scenarios that assess one attribute at a time...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907128/fasa-registry-on-acute-myocardial-infarction-farmi-feasibility-study-and-pilot-phase-results
#3
Ehsan Bahramali, Alireza Askari, Habib Zakeri, Mojtaba Farjam, Azizallah Dehghan, Kazem Zendehdel
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of death in Iran. Every attempt to improve treatment patterns and patient outcomes needs a surveillance system to both consider the efficacy and safety measures. Fasa Registry on Myocardial Infarction (FaRMI) is the first population-based registry for acute MI in Iran targeted to provide meticulous description of patients' characteristics, to explore the management patterns of these patients, to discover the degree of adherence to the practice guidelines, and to investigate the determinants of poor in-hospital and later outcomes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907074/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes-management-the-moderating-role-of-coping-styles
#4
Zeinab Shayeghian, Hamidreza Hassanabadi, Maria E Aguilar-Vafaie, Parisa Amiri, Mohammad Ali Besharat
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Evidence of the efficacy of existing psychological interventions for self-management in diabetes is limited. The current study aimed at assessing the effects of group-based ACT on self-management of patients with T2DM, considering the moderating role of coping styles. METHODS: One hundred and six patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned either to the education alone (n = 53) or to a combination of education and group-based acceptance and commitment therapy (n = 53) over a period of 10 sessions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903125/outcomes-in-transcranial-microsurgery-versus-extended-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-primary-resection-of-adult-craniopharyngiomas
#5
Todd J Wannemuehler, Kolin E Rubel, Benjamin K Hendricks, Jonathan Y Ting, Troy D Payner, Mitesh V Shah, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
OBJECTIVE Craniopharyngiomas have historically been resected via transcranial microsurgery (TCM). In the last 2 decades, the extended endoscopic endonasal (transtuberculum) approach to these tumors has become more widely accepted, yet there remains controversy over which approach leads to better outcomes. The purpose of this study is to determine whether differences in outcomes were identified between TCM and extended endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEEAs) in adult patients undergoing primary resection of suprasellar craniopharyngiomas at a single institution...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900606/evidence-based-therapies-of-chinese-medicine-for-chronic-urticaria-where-do-we-stand-and-where-are-we-going
#6
Yong-Ming Wang, Lin Du, Yuan-Jie Zhu
Chronic urticaria (CU) is characterized by repeated occurrence of wheals or itching for more than 6 weeks. When urticaria symptoms repeatedly occur despite taking Western medicines such as antihistamines, Chinese medicine (CM) has been shown to relieve symptoms and prevent recurrence. However, the lack of robust evidence from the evidence-based medicine perspective is hindering acceptance of CM by the Western medicine community. In recent years, more and more evidence-based studies of CU treatment by CM were report in English literatures, including acupuncture, herbs, and food, although some of evidence is still with low quality...
November 29, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899970/fish-testing-of-her2-immunohistochemistry-1-invasive-breast-cancer-with-unfavorable-characteristics
#7
Stella Petroni, Lucia Caldarola, Rachele Scamarcio, Francesco Giotta, Agnese Latorre, Anita Mangia, Giovanni Simone
Diagnostic assays for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression have a high predictive value because patients with HER2-positive tumors could benefit from HER2-targeted therapy. The aim of the present study is to analyze the incidence of HER2 gene amplification in selected tumors with adverse features that scored 1+ by immunohistochemistry (IHC). For that purpose, 331 consecutive invasive breast cancers (IBCs) were tested by IHC for HER2 expression between January and December 2013, 102 of which (31%) scored 1+...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896798/applicability-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-based-mobile-app-in-depression-nursing
#8
Kirsikka Kaipainen, Pasi Välkkynen, Nina Kilkku
Due to the high burden of depression, new models and methods of mental healthcare need to be developed. Prior research has shown the potential benefits of using technology tools such as mobile apps as self-help or combined with psychological treatment. Therefore, professionals should acquaint themselves with evidence-based apps to be able to use them with clients and guide the clients in their use. The purpose of this study was to explore how an acceptance and commitment therapy-based mobile app was perceived as a self-management tool among nurses, and how it could be applied in the prevention and treatment of depression and other mental health issues...
November 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895964/half-fan-based-intensity-weighted-region-of-interest-imaging-for-low-dose-cone-beam-ct-in-image-guided-radiation-therapy
#9
Boyeol Yoo, Kihong Son, Rizza Pua, Jinsung Kim, Alexander Solodov, Seungryong Cho
OBJECTIVES: With the increased use of computed tomography (CT) in clinics, dose reduction is the most important feature people seek when considering new CT techniques or applications. We developed an intensity-weighted region-of-interest (IWROI) imaging method in an exact half-fan geometry to reduce the imaging radiation dose to patients in cone-beam CT (CBCT) for image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). While dose reduction is highly desirable, preserving the high-quality images of the ROI is also important for target localization in IGRT...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892890/trial-design-rivaroxaban-for-the-prevention-of-major-cardiovascular-events-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-rationale-and-design-of-the-galileo-study
#10
Stephan Windecker, Jan Tijssen, Gennaro Giustino, Ana H C Guimarães, Roxana Mehran, Marco Valgimigli, Pascal Vranckx, Robert C Welsh, Usman Baber, Gerrit-Anne van Es, Peter Wildgoose, Albert A Volkl, Ana Zazula, Karen Thomitzek, Melanie Hemmrich, George D Dangas
BACKGROUND: Optimal antithrombotic treatment after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is unknown and determined empirically. The direct factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban may potentially reduce TAVR-related thrombotic complications and premature valve failure. DESIGN: GALILEO is an international, randomized, open-label, event-driven, phase III trial in more than 1,520 patients without an indication for oral anticoagulation who underwent a successful TAVR (ClinicalTrials...
October 31, 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891357/effect-of-integrated-approach-of-yoga-therapy-on-male-obesity-and-psychological-parameters-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing global epidemic and cause of non-communicable diseases. Yoga is one of the effective ways to reduce stress which is one of the causes of obesity. AIM: To assess the effect of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) yoga module on adult male obesity in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) was conducted for 14 weeks on obese male subjects with yoga and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890046/investigation-of-training-and-support-needs-in-rural-and-remote-disability-and-mainstream-service-providers-implications-for-an-online-training-model
#12
Genevieve Johnsson, Rachel Kerslake, Sarah Crook, Corinne Cribb
Objectives It is known that there are difficulties in recruiting and retaining practitioners in rural and remote communities and that access to support and professional development can be key in breaking this cycle. Technology provides a possible solution not only for increasing access to these opportunities, but also in building community capacity to support children with autism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the current learning and support needs within rural and remote professionals prior to setting up a model of support...
November 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888160/preliminary-results-of-comparative-study-for-subsequent-photodynamic-therapy-versus-secondary-excision-after-primary-excision-for-treating-basal-cell-carcinoma
#13
Wenbo Bu, Mengli Zhang, Qian Zhang, Chunyu Yuan, Xu Chen, Fang Fang
Some basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are indistinguishable from nevi based on clinical manifestations. Therefore, it is often difficult for the excision margins of the initial surgical treatment to achieve radical removal of the malignancy. This study was a comparative analysis of the clinical results of aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-photodynamic therapy (PDT) or secondary surgery after the primary excision. In total, 20 patients with preoperative clinical diagnoses of nevi underwent in situ resection. The postoperative pathological diagnoses confirmed all cases were BCC...
November 22, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885435/comparison-of-immunophenotypes-of-primary-breast-carcinomas-and-multiple-corresponding-distant-metastases-an-autopsy-study-of-25-patients
#14
B Szekely, Zs I Nagy, Zs Farago, O Kiss, G Lotz, K A Kovacs, L Madaras, N Udvarhelyi, M Dank, Gy Szentmartoni, Zs Baranyai, L Harsanyi, A M Tőkés, Jozsef Timar, A M Szasz, J Kulka
Phenotypical change in metastatic breast carcinoma has widely been accepted as an inherent biological feature rather than technical fault. We analyzed the immunohistochemical phenotype and histopathological features of 25 primary breast carcinomas and 90 corresponding distant metastases in 23 organs retrospectively. Histological slides were reviewed for prognostic and predictive factors. Overall, metastases were more similar to each other and often differed from the primary tumor. We created a 3-step grouping system based on the localization of metastases...
November 24, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882630/workplace-stress-burnout-and-coping-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-australian-disability-support-workers
#15
Megan J Judd, Kate P Dorozenko, Lauren J Breen
Disability support workers (DSWs) are the backbone of contemporary disability support services and the interface through which disability philosophies and policies are translated into practical action. DSWs often experience workplace stress and burnout, resulting in a high turnover rate of employees within the non-professional disability service workforce. The full implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in Australia is set to intensify the current challenges of attracting and retaining DSWs, as the role becomes characterised by greater demands, ambiguity and conflict...
November 23, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882187/child-teacher-and-parent-perceptions-of-the-friends-classroom-based-universal-anxiety-prevention-programme-a-qualitative-study
#16
Elena Skryabina, Joanna Morris, Danielle Byrne, Nicola Harkin, Sarah Rook, Paul Stallard
School-based mental health prevention programmes can be effective but their adoption within schools will depend on their social acceptability. We report a qualitative evaluation summarising the views of children (115), parents (20) and school staff (47) about a universal school-based anxiety prevention programme FRIENDS. This study was conducted as part of a large scale randomised controlled trial (n = 1362) involving 40 schools in the UK providing primary education to children aged 7-11. Reported overall experience of the programme was very positive, with all three major components of the cognitive behaviour therapy programme (emotional, cognitive, and behavioural) being accepted well and understood by children...
2016: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881624/an-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-self-help-intervention-for-carers-of-patients-in-palliative-care-protocol-of-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Esther L Davis, Frank P Deane, Geoffrey Cb Lyons
Undertaking a caregiving role at end of life can have enduring psychological consequences for carers, including poor adjustment in bereavement. Acceptance and commitment therapy-based interventions have demonstrated effectiveness in helping people cope with a range of life challenges. This article presents the protocol of a feasibility randomised controlled trial of an acceptance and commitment therapy self-help intervention for psychological distress and grief in carers of patients in palliative care. We will assess feasibility and acceptability of the trial procedures and intervention as well as preliminary effectiveness of the intervention on carer well-being outcomes...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881158/evaluation-of-daily-patient-positioning-for-radiotherapy-with-a-commercial-3d-surface-imaging-system-catalyst%C3%A2
#18
F Walter, P Freislederer, C Belka, C Heinz, M Söhn, F Roeder
BACKGROUND: To report our initial clinical experience with the novel surface imaging system Catalyst™ (C-RAD AB, Sweden) in connection with an Elekta Synergy linear accelerator for daily patient positioning in patients undergoing radiation therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the patient positioning of 154 fractions in 25 patients applied to thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic body regions. Patients were routinely positioned based on skin marks, shifted to the calculated isocenter position and treated after correction via cone beam CT which served as gold standard...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881144/comparison-of-treatment-response-remission-rate-and-drug-adherence-in-polyarticular-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-patients-treated-with-etanercept-adalimumab-or-tocilizumab
#19
Gerd Horneff, Ariane Klein, Jens Klotsche, Kirsten Minden, Hans-Iko Huppertz, Frank Weller-Heinemann, Jasmin Kuemmerle-Deschner, Johannes-Peter Haas, Anton Hospach
BACKGROUND: Treatment response, remission rates and compliance in patients with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (polyJIA) treated with adalimumab, etanercept, or tocilizumab were analyzed in clinical practice. METHODS: Data collected in the German BIKER registry were analyzed in patients with polyJIA who started treatment with approved biologics, adalimumab, etanercept or tocilizumab, from 2011 to 2015. Baseline patient characteristics, treatment response, safety and drug survival were compared...
November 24, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880064/a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-of-group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-people-with-severe-asthma
#20
Janelle Yorke, Pauline Adair, Anne-Marie Doyle, Linda Dubrow-Marshall, Sharon Fleming, Leanne Holmes, Andrew Menzies-Gow, Rob Niven, Mark Pilling, Caroline Shuldham
OBJECTIVES: Evidence for the efficacy of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) in asthma is developing but it is not known if this translates to benefits in severe asthma or if a group approach is acceptable to this patient group. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of Group-CBT in severe asthma. METHOD: This was a two-centre, randomised controlled parallel group feasibility study. Eligible participants (patients with severe asthma and a clinically significant diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression - Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) score greater than 8 for the anxiety or depression sub-scale) received Group-CBT in weekly sessions for eight consecutive weeks and usual care or usual care only...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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