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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823138/the-effect-of-age-genotype-and-sex-on-carcass-traits-meat-quality-and-sensory-attributes-of-geese
#1
Linda Uhlířová, Eva Tůmová, Darina Chodová, Jana Vlčková, Mohamed Ketta, Zdeněk Volek, Věra Skřivanová
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare carcass traits, meat quality and sensory attributes in two different genotypes of geese according to age and sex. Methods: The experiment was carried out on 160 birds of two genotypes of geese: the Czech Goose (CG) breed and a Eskildsen Schwer (ES) hybrid. One-d-old goslings were divided into four groups according to genotype and sex. Two dates for slaughtering (at 8 and 16 wk of age of goslings) were undertaken. Results: The slaughter weight, cold carcass weight and dressing percentage were affected by all the studied factors, and significant interactions between age, genotype and sex were detected in the slaughter weight (P < 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823131/effect-of-wheat-bran-and-dried-carrot-pomace-addition-on-quality-characteristics-of-chicken-sausage
#2
Sanjay Yadav, Ashok K Pathera, Rayees Ul Islam, Ashok K Malik, Diwakar P Sharma
Objective: Effect of addition of wheat bran (WB) and dried carrot pomace (DCP) on sensory, textural, colour, physico-chemical and nutritional characteristics of chicken sausage were evaluated. Methods: WB and DCP were used as a source of dietary fibre at 3%, 6% and 9% level individually. Different quality attributes of sausages were estimated. One product from each source with very good sensory acceptability was selected to analyze dietary fibre content and shelf life under refrigerated storage...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823066/distribution-and-health-risk-assessment-to-heavy-metals-near-smelting-and-mining-areas-of-hezhang-china
#3
Meryem Briki, Yi Zhu, Yang Gao, Mengmeng Shao, Huaijian Ding, Hongbing Ji
Mining and smelting areas in Hezhang have generated a large amount of heavy metals into the environment. For that cause, an evaluative study on human exposure to heavy metals including Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cr, As, Cd, Pb, Sb, Bi, Be, and Hg in hair and urine was conducted for their concentrations and correlations. Daily exposure and non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk were estimated. Sixty-eight scalp hair and 66 urine samples were taken from participants of different ages (6-17, 18-40, 41-60, and ≥ 65 years) living in the vicinity of an agricultural soil near mine and smelting areas...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823061/validity-and-reliability-of-the-norwegian-translation-of-the-achilles-tendon-total-rupture-score
#4
Ståle Bergman Myhrvold, Øystein Sandnes, Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken
PURPOSE: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly being used in clinical research. The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) is a PROM designed to assess outcomes in patients with ruptures of the Achilles tendon. The aim of this study was to develop a Norwegian adaption of the ATRS and evaluate its validity and reliability. METHODS: The ATRS was translated into Norwegian in accordance with recommended guidelines. The study included 94 patients treated for Achilles tendon ruptures from January 2010 until February 2013, and the web-based questionnaires were administered twice...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822939/short-term-effects-of-spring-prescribed-burning-on-the-understory-vegetation-of-a-pinushalepensis-forest-in-northeastern-spain
#5
Laura Fuentes, Beatriz Duguy, Daniel Nadal-Sala
Since the 1970s, fire regimes have been modified in the Northern Mediterranean region due to profound landscape changes mostly driven by socioeconomic factors, such as rural abandonment and large-scale plantations. Both fuel accumulation and the increasing vegetation spatial continuity, combined with the expansion of the wildland-urban interface, have enhanced fire risk and the occurrence of large wildfires. This situation will likely worsen under the projected aridity increase resulting from climate change...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822933/occurrence-of-vibrio-species-beta-lactam-resistant-vibrio-species-and-indicator-bacteria-in-ballast-and-port-waters-of-a-tropical-harbor
#6
Charmaine Ng, Shin Giek Goh, Nazanin Saeidi, William A Gerhard, Claudia K Gunsch, Karina Yew Hoong Gin
Ballast water discharges are potential sources for the spread of invasive and pathogenic aquatic organisms. Ballast waters from six ships docked in the Port of Singapore were tested to determine if indictor organisms fell within proposed standards for ballast water discharge according to regulation D-2 of the Ballast Water Management Convention (BWMC) guidelines. Vibrio species were cultured on media supplemented with beta-lactam antibiotics to determine the presence of antibiotic resistant Vibrio species in the ballast waters of these vessels...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822931/adherence-of-microplastics-to-soft-tissue-of-mussels-a-novel-way-to-uptake-microplastics-beyond-ingestion
#7
Prabhu Kolandhasamy, Lei Su, Jiana Li, Xiaoyun Qu, Khalida Jabeen, Huahong Shi
Microplastic pollution is recognized as an emerging threat to aquatic ecosystems. One of the main environmental risks associated with microplastics is their bioavailability to marine organisms. Up to date, ingestion has been widely accepted as the sole way for the animals to uptake microplastics. Nevertheless, microplastics have also been found in some organs which are not involved in the process of ingestion. We hypothesize that the animal might uptake microplastics through adherence in addition to ingestion...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822918/screening-for-frailty-in-community-dwelling-elderly-subjects-predictive-validity-of-the-modified-sega-instrument
#8
N Oubaya, M Dramé, J-L Novella, E Quignard, C Cunin, D Jolly, R Mahmoudi
AIMS: To study the capacity of the SEGAm instrument to predict loss of independence among elderly community-dwelling subjects. METHODS: The study was performed in four French departments (Ardennes, Marne, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse). Subjects aged 65 years or more, living at home, who could read and understand French, with a degree of autonomy corresponding to groups 5 or 6 in the AGGIR autonomy evaluation scale were included. Assessment included demographic characteristics, comprehensive geriatric assessment, and the SEGAm instrument at baseline...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822894/increased-minimum-legal-age-for-the-sale-of-alcohol-in-the-netherlands-as-of-2014-the-effect-on-alcohol-sellers-compliance-after-one-and-two-years
#9
Karen Schelleman-Offermans, Ruud T J Roodbeen, Paul H H M Lemmens
BACKGROUND: As of January 2014, the Dutch minimum legal age for the sale and purchase of all alcoholic beverages has increased from 16 to 18 years of age. The effectiveness of a minimum legal age policy in controlling the availability of alcohol for adolescents depends on the extent to which this minimum legal age is complied with in the field. The main aim of the current study is to investigate, for a country with a West-European drinking culture, whether raising the minimum legal age for the sale of alcohol has influenced compliance rates among Dutch alcohol vendors...
August 17, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822893/on-top-and-side-to-side-plasties-for-thumb-polydactyly
#10
Noha M Al-Qattan, Mohammad M Al-Qattan
INTRODUCTION: "On-top" and "side-to-side" plasties are techniques used for treating thumb duplications in which one thumb is adequate proximally and the other thumb contains a better pulp and nail distally. The detailed functional results of these techniques have not been reported in the literature. We report on two cases. PRESENTATION OF CASES: The first case had Wassel type VI duplication. The ulnar duplicate had a functioning interphalangeal joint and the radial duplicate had a functioning carpometacarpal joint...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822841/the-effciency-and-safety-of-tvt-abbrevo-versus-tvt-exact-in-the-normal-weight-and-overweight-patients-affected-by-stress-urinary-incontinence
#11
Yi Sun, Deyi Luo, Lu Yang, Xin Wei, Cai Tang, Mei Chen, Hong Shen, Qiang Wei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the compare efficacy between the two differernt slings in normal weight and overweight women. METHODS: There were 426 women, 220 women (119 normal weight and 101 overweight) accepted the TVT-A and 206 womens (141 normal weight and 92 overweight) accepted the TVT-E procedure. Data collected contained the subjectively efficiency, objectively efficiency, Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF), Incontinence Quality Of Life questionnaire (I-QOL), Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7), Urogenital Distress Inventory short form (UDI-6) and (Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire short form) PISQ-12 at the 36 months after the surgery...
August 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822796/papillary-ductal-plugging-is-a-mechanism-for-early-stone-retention-in-brushite-stone-disease
#12
James C Williams, Michael S Borofsky, Sharon B Bledsoe, Andrew P Evan, Fredric L Coe, Elaine M Worcester, James E Lingeman
PURPOSE: Mechanisms of early stone retention within the kidney are understudied and poorly understood. To date, attachment via Randall's plaque is the only widely accepted theory in this regard, best described in idiopathic calcium oxalate stone formers. Brushite stone formers are known to have distinct papillary morphology relative to calcium oxalate stone formers. As such, we sought to determine whether stone attachment mechanisms in such patients may be similarly unique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing percutaneous and or ureteroscopic procedures for stone removal were consented for endoscopic renal papillary examination and individual stone collection...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822740/is-dna-damage-indispensable-for-stress-induced-senescence
#13
REVIEW
Anna Bielak-Zmijewska, Grazyna Mosieniak, Ewa Sikora
Cellular senescence is a fundamental trait of many eukaryotic organisms. Senescent cells participate both in the developmental program and in normal ageing and age-related diseases. Senescence of proliferation-prone cells is a state of permanent cell cycle arrest accompanied by metabolic activity manifested by high secretion levels of numerous factors, including pro-inflammatory ones. It seems that cell senescence is a stress response. There are many intrinsic and extrinsic stress inducers which can elicit cell senescence...
August 16, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822723/effect-of-religious-belief-on-selecting-of-graft-materials-used-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#14
Zeynep Güngörmüş, Metin Güngörmüş
PURPOSE: Various graft materials, such as synthetic and biological products, are used routinely in maxillofacial surgery. These materials are usually derived from porcine, bovine, and human tissues; some religious beliefs forbid the dietary use of substances from certain animal sources. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of religious belief on selecting different graft types used in maxillofacial surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 203 participants were included in this survey...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822692/complex-clinical-intersection-palliative-care-in-patients-with-dementia
#15
REVIEW
Ellen E Lee, Beverly Chang, Steven Huege, Jeremy Hirst
Because of the rapidly growing older population and increases in longevity, rates of dementia have been rising. Clinical challenges of treating dementia include limited resources and lack of curative therapies. Palliative care approaches improve quality of life and alleviate suffering for dementia patients at the end of life, although implementation may be limited by societal acceptance and feasibility. This review examines the published literature on pain assessments, pain and behavior interventions, tools for advanced care planning, and clinical concerns in dementia patients...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822680/outcomes-of-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-in-octogenarians-meta-analysis-and-systemic-review
#16
REVIEW
Y Han, S Zhang, J Zhang, C Ji, H-H Eckstein
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis and systematic review aimed to highlight the results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to assess safety and effectiveness in patients older than 80 years of age compared with younger patients. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were used; quality was appraised, and data were extracted and analysed following the Cochrane collaboration. The MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched on December 31, 2016...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822666/reliability-of-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-from-three-dimensional-echocardiography-for-cardiotoxicity-onset-detection-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#17
Cinzia Lorenzini, Claudio Lamberti, Michele Aquilina, Andrea Rocca, Pietro Cortesi, Cristiana Corsi
BACKGROUND: Cardiotoxicity is a well-known adverse effect of various chemotherapeutic agents that can be monitored by echocardiography. A decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) triggers consideration for therapy modification or interruption. The aim of this study was to evaluate how variability in LVEF estimates computed using three-dimensional echocardiography could influence cardiotoxicity onset detection. METHODS: One hundred eighty one patients with breast cancer treated with anthracycline and trastuzumab were analyzed...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822565/the-influence-of-periodontal-status-on-endodontically-treated-teeth-9-year-survival-analysis
#18
Navid Khalighinejad, Anita Aminoshariae, James C Kulild, Jeannie Wang, Andre Mickel
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of periodontal status at the time of nonsurgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) on the survival rate of endodontically treated teeth (ETT). METHODS: In this retrospective investigation, molars that received NSRCT in an advanced specialty education program in endodontics from 2009 through 2017 were initially recruited. After the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 315 teeth were included in the study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822564/regenerative-endodontic-treatment-or-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-apical-plug-in-teeth-with-necrotic-pulps-and-open-apices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Mahmoud Torabinejad, Ali Nosrat, Prashant Verma, Oyoyo Udochukwu
INTRODUCTION: A mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apical plug (MAP) and regenerative endodontic treatment (RET) have shown acceptable clinical outcomes. However, comparative studies are scarce. The aims of this study were to examine the level of evidence for both treatments, conduct a systematic review of the literature on MAP and RET, and run a meta-analysis on the survival and success rates of teeth treated with these procedures. METHODS: Electronic searches were performed in MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822536/impression-evaluation-and-laboratory-use-for-single-unit-crowns-findings-from-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#20
Michael S McCracken, Mark S Litaker, Ashley J George, Scott Durand, Sepideh Malekpour, Don G Marshall, Cyril Meyerowitz, Lauren Carter, Valeria V Gordan, Gregg H Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Objectives were to determine the likelihood that a clinician accepts an impression for a single-unit crown and document crown remake rates. METHODS: The authors developed a questionnaire that asked dentists about techniques used to fabricate single-unit crowns. The authors showed dentists photographs of 4 impressions and asked them to accept or reject each impression. The authors correlated answers with dentist and practice characteristics. Other questions pertained to laboratory use and crown remake rates...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
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