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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222305/consumer-use-and-understanding-of-labelling-information-on-edible-marijuana-products-sold-for-recreational-use-in-the-states-of-colorado-and-washington
#1
Katherine M Kosa, Kristen C Giombi, Caroline B Rains, Sheryl C Cates
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the states of Colorado and Washington began allowing retail sales of marijuana for recreational use. The regulatory agencies in these states have implemented specific labelling requirements for edible marijuana products sold for recreational use to help address concerns such as delayed activation time, accidental ingestion, and proper dosing. METHODS: We conducted 12 focus groups with 94 adult consumers and nonconsumers of edibles in Denver and Seattle to collect information on their use and understanding of labelling information on edible marijuana products sold for recreational use...
February 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222187/a-purified-maa-based-elisa-is-a-useful-tool-for-determining-anti-maa-antibody-titer-with-high-sensitivity
#2
Takasumi Shimomoto, Leonard B Collins, Xianwen Yi, Darcy W Holley, Zhenfa Zhang, Xu Tian, Koji Uchida, Chunguang Wang, Sohvi Hörkkö, Monte S Willis, Avram Gold, Scott J Bultman, Jun Nakamura
Atherosclerosis is widely accepted to be a chronic inflammatory disease, and the immunological response to the accumulation of LDL is believed to play a critical role in the development of this disease. 1,4-Dihydropyridine-type MAA-adducted LDL has been implicated in atherosclerosis. Here, we have demonstrated that pure MAA-modified residues can be chemically conjugated to large proteins without by-product contamination. Using this pure antigen, we established a purified MAA-ELISA, with which a marked increase in anti-MAA antibody titer was determined at a very early stage of atherosclerosis in 3-month ApoE-/- mice fed with a normal diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222038/evidence-based-ethically-justified-counseling-for-fetal-bilateral-renal-agenesis
#3
Alana N Thomas, Laurence B McCullough, Frank A Chervenak, Frank X Placencia
BACKGROUND: Not much data are available on the natural history of bilateral renal agenesis, as the medical community does not typically offer aggressive obstetric or neonatal care asbilateral renal agenesis has been accepted as a lethal condition. AIM: To provide an evidence-based, ethically justified approach to counseling pregnant women about the obstetric management of bilateral renal agenesis. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using multiple databases...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222016/a-review-of-the-challenge-in-measuring-and-standardizing-bcr-abl1
#4
Shuping Yu, Ming Cui, Xiao He, Rongrong Jing, Huimin Wang
Breakpoint cluster region-Abelson (BCR-ABL1) translocation is the characteristic sign of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The quantitation of BCR-ABL1 messenger RNA is requisite for patients with CML, and reverse-transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) is the method used most extensively in testing laboratories worldwide. Nevertheless, substantial variation in RQ-PCR results from different laboratories makes interlaboratory comparability inconvincible owing to the lack of standardization...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221983/biogenic-amines-and-predictive-models-of-quality-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-fillets-during-storage
#5
Qingzheng Li, Jian Lv, Longteng Zhang, Zehong Dong, Ligeng Feng, Yongkang Luo
To estimate biogenic amines and changes in quality of rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) fillets at different temperatures, we determined the sensory attributes, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), total viable counts (TVC), and biogenic amines (BAs) of samples that were untreated (CK) or dry cured with 1.8% salt (T). There was no significant difference between CK and T samples in terms of TVB-N, TVC, and BAs. TVB-N and TVC increased significantly (P < 0.05) with storage time at 3, 9, and 15°C. Putrescine (PUT) and cadaverine (CAD) increased significantly (P < 0...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221952/development-of-a-home-food-safety-questionnaire-based-on-the-precede-model-targeting-iranian-women
#6
Fatemeh Esfarjani, Hedayat Hosseini, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Alireza Abadi, Roshanak Roustaee, Haleh Alikhanian, Marjan Khalafi, Mohammad Farhad Kiaee, Ramin Khaksar
Food safety is an essential public health issue for all countries. This study was the first attempt to design and develop a home food safety questionnaire (HFSQ), in the conceptual framework of the PRECEDE (predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling constructs in educational diagnosis and evaluation) model, and to assess its validity and reliability. The HFSQ was developed by reviewing electronic databases and 12 focus group discussions with 96 women volunteers. Ten panel members reviewed the questionnaire, and the content validity ratio and content validity index were computed...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221932/development-of-the-consumer-refrigerator-safety-questionnaire-a-measure-of-consumer-perceptions-and-practices
#7
Victoria Cairnduff, Moira Dean, Anastasios Koidis
Food preparation and storage behaviors in the home deviating from the "best practice" food safety recommendations may result in foodborne illnesses. Currently, there are limited tools available to fully evaluate the consumer knowledge, perceptions, and behavior in the area of refrigerator safety. The current study aimed to develop a valid and reliable tool in the form of a questionnaire, the Consumer Refrigerator Safety Questionnaire (CRSQ), for assessing systematically all these aspects. Items relating to refrigerator safety knowledge (n =17), perceptions (n =46), and reported behavior (n =30) were developed and pilot tested by an expert reference group and various consumer groups to assess face and content validity (n =20), item difficulty and consistency (n =55), and construct validity (n =23)...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221900/mental-health-disorders-associated-with-foodborne-pathogens
#8
Declan J Bolton, Lucy J Robertson
Human infections with foodborne pathogenic organisms are relatively well described in terms of their overt physical symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, fever, and associated sequelae. Indeed, some of these are key for diagnosis and treatment, although it should be noted that, for some foodborne pathogens, the physical symptoms might be more diffuse, particularly those associated with some of the foodborne parasites. In contrast, the impact of these pathogens on mental health is less well described, and symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and general malaise are usually ignored when foodborne infections are recorded...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221884/neural-network-model-for-thermal-inactivation-of-salmonella-typhimurium-to-elimination-in-ground-chicken-acquisition-of-data-by-whole-sample-enrichment-miniature-most-probable-number-method
#9
T P Oscar
Predictive models are valuable tools for assessing food safety. Existing thermal inactivation models for Salmonella and ground chicken do not provide predictions above 71°C, which is below the recommended final cooked temperature of 73.9°C for chicken. They also do not predict when all Salmonella are eliminated without extrapolating beyond the data used to develop them. Thus, a study was undertaken to develop a model for thermal inactivation of Salmonella to elimination in ground chicken at temperatures above those of existing models...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221859/effects-of-methanolic-pomegranate-peel-extract-on-the-chemical-sensory-textural-and-microbiological-properties-of-gutted-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-during-frozen-storage
#10
Enayat Berizi, Seyed Shahram Shekarforoush, Saeid Hosseinzadeh
The effects of methanolic pomegranate peel extract (MPPE) on the quality of gutted rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) were examined periodically during 6 months of storage at -18°C. Fresh samples were dipped (ratio of fish to liquid, 1:2 [wt/vol]) in sterile water or in sterile water containing 1, 2, or 4% (wt/vol) MPPE and packed in low-density polyethylene pouches. The control and treated samples were analyzed monthly for microbiological, chemical, sensory, and textural characteristics. Microbial growth in samples was significantly reduced by MPPE treatment (P < 0...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221819/a-prospective-study-of-endoscopic-injection-sclerotherapy-and-endoscopic-variceal-ligation-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-varices
#11
Syed Mohsin Ali, Shanbin Wu, Hongwei Xu, Hui Liu, Jinghua Hao, Chengyong Qin
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) with endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) in the management of esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we compared the EIS and EVL in 124 patients who had endoscopically proved bleeding from esophageal varices. According to different treatment methods, they were randomly divided into the EIS and the EVL groups...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221708/improved-management-of-small-pelagic-fisheries-through-seasonal-climate-prediction
#12
Désirée Tommasi, Charles A Stock, Kathleen Pegion, Gabriel A Vecchi, Richard D Methot, Michael A Alexander, David M Checkley
Populations of small pelagic fish are strongly influenced by climate. The inability of managers to anticipate environment-driven fluctuations in stock productivity or distribution can lead to overfishing and stock collapses, inflexible management regulations inducing shifts in the functional response to human predators, lost opportunities to harvest populations, bankruptcies in the fishing industry, and loss of resilience in the human food supply. Recent advances in dynamical global climate prediction systems allow for sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly predictions at a seasonal scale over many shelf ecosystems...
October 12, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221337/modulation-of-digital-flexor-tendon-healing-by-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-gene-transfection-in-a-chicken-model
#13
W F Mao, Y F Wu, Q Q Yang, Y L Zhou, J B Tang
A major challenge in tendon injury is the weak intrinsic healing capacity of tendon, which may cause re-rupture after surgery. Growth factors are believed to be critical during tendon healing. This study aimed to investigate the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) genes delivered by adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors on tendon healing and molecular events involved in a chicken model. One hundred and twenty eight deep flexor tendons in the long toes of chickens were completely transected and injected with 2 × 10(9) particles of AAV2-VEGF or saline before surgically repaired...
February 21, 2017: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221213/validation-of-the-european-health-literacy-survey-questionnaire-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#14
Yi-Jing Huang, Gong-Hong Lin, Wen-Shian Lu, Ka-Wai Tam, Chiehfeng Chen, Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Lin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Health literacy enables effective communication, participation, and cooperation with clinicians of patients with breast cancer in healthcare processes. The European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q) comprehensively assesses multiple conceptual domains of health literacy in a diverse range of health contexts. However, the HLS-EU-Q has not been validated in women with breast cancer. OBJECTIVES: We examined the psychometric properties, particularly the factorial validity, of the HLS-EU-Q in women with breast cancer...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221205/muscle-relaxation-for-tracheal-intubation-during-paediatric-anaesthesia-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#15
Florence Julien-Marsollier, Daphné Michelet, Myriam Bellon, Anne-Laure Horlin, Jean-Michel Devys, Souhayl Dahmani
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxation for tracheal intubation during paediatric anaesthesia remains a subject of debate. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of muscle relaxants (MR) compared with opioids on intubation conditions in children. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies and GRADE analysis. DATA SOURCES: Exhaustive literature analysis. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Clinical trials, with no high-risk bias, that examined the effect of MR in comparison with opioids on intubation conditions (excellent: primary outcome, acceptable: secondary outcome) in children were included...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221188/treatment-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-patients-preferences-for-surgery-or-immunotherapy-with-imiquimod
#16
Margot M Koeneman, Brigitte A Essers, Cornelis G Gerestein, Anna J M van de Sande, Rogier J N T M Litjens, Dieuwke Boskamp, Medi F J Goossens, Heleen J Beekhuizen, Roy F P M Kruitwagen, Arnold J Kruse, Carmen D Dirksen
OBJECTIVE: Imiquimod has been studied as a noninvasive pharmacological treatment alternative to large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), to prevent long-term obstetric complications from surgical treatment. This study aims to investigate womens' preferences for treatment of high-grade CIN with imiquimod or LLETZ. METHODS: A labeled discrete choice experiment was conducted among 100 women with abnormal cervical cytology in 5 hospitals in the Netherlands between March 2014 and December 2015...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221147/-update-in-the-management-of-ureteral-lithiasis-semirigid-and-flexible-ureterorenoscopy
#17
Carlos Torrecilla Ortiz, Sergi Colom Feixas
OBJECTIVE: The contribution of therapeutic ureteroscopy done by Perez Castro in 1980 varied the management algorithm for ureteral lithiasis worldwide. The techniques of Retrograde Ureteroscopy and transrenal antegrade ureteroscopy led to the abandonment of open surgery for the treatment of ureteral lithiasis. Only Shock wave lithotripsy has maintained similar success rates in selected cases. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of the semirigid and flexible ureteroscopy techniques performed in our department over the last 10 years giving detail on the technique and safety tips to increase the efficacy and efficiency of ureteroscopy...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221060/outcomes-for-adolescents-who-comply-with-long-term-psychosocial-treatment-for-adhd
#18
Brandon K Schultz, Steven W Evans, Joshua M Langberg, Alexander M Schoemann
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a large (N = 216) multisite clinical trial of the Challenging Horizons Program (CHP)-a yearlong afterschool program that provides academic and interpersonal skills training for adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Intent-to-treat analyses suggest that, as predicted, the CHP resulted in significant reductions in problem behaviors and academic impairment when compared to community care. However, attendance in the CHP ranged from zero to 60 sessions, raising questions about optimal dosing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221053/evaluating-an-integrated-support-model-for-increasing-treatment-plan-implementation-following-consultation-in-schools
#19
George H Noell, Jennifer R Volz, Marie Y Henderson, Kashunda L Williams
This study examined the percentage of steps implemented from treatment plans following consultation with teachers. Interventions were implemented for 39 elementary school students referred for consultation and treatment for challenging behavior or academic deficits. An integrated support model that included antecedent social influence and planning combined with follow-up performance feedback was compared to weekly structured follow-up interviews. Participating teacher-student dyads were randomly assigned to conditions...
February 20, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221050/young-children-s-understanding-of-the-limits-and-benefits-of-group-ownership
#20
Michelle Huh, Ori Friedman
Group ownership is ubiquitous-property is owned by countries, corporations, families, and clubs. However, people cannot understand group ownership by simply relying on their conceptions of ownership by individuals, as group ownership is subject to complexities that do not arise when property is individually owned. We report 6 experiments investigating whether children ages 3 to 6 (N = 540) understand group ownership. In Experiments 1 and 2 children were asked who different objects belong to, and they appropriately judged that certain objects are more likely to belong to a group than to individual people...
February 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
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