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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109181/stability-of-alcohol-use-and-teen-dating-violence-for-female-youth-a-latent-transition-analysis
#1
Hye Jeong Choi, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Emily F Rothman, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol use is one of the most widely accepted and studied risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV). Too little research has explored longitudinally if it is true that an adolescent's alcohol use and TDV involvement simultaneously occur. In the current study, we examined whether there were latent status based on past-year TDV and alcohol use and whether female adolescents changed their statuses of TDV and alcohol use over time. METHODS: The sample consisted of 583 female youths in seven public high schools in Texas...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109024/computer-assisted-technologies-used-in-oral-rehabilitation-and-the-clinical-documentation-of-alleged-advantages-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Asbjørn Jokstad
The objective of this systematic review is to identify current computer-assisted technologies used for managing patients with a need to re-establish craniofacial appearance, subjective discomfort and stomatognathic function, and the extent of their clinical documentation. Electronic search strategies were used for locating clinical studies in MEDLINE through PubMed and in the Cochrane library, and in the grey literature through searches on Google Scholar. The searches for commercial digital products for use in oral rehabilitation resulted in identifying 225 products per November 2016, used for patient diagnostics, communication and therapy purposes, and for other computer-assisted applications in context with oral rehabilitation...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109011/individual-physician-penalties-resulting-from-violation-of-emtala-a-review-of-office-of-the-inspector-general-patient-dumping-settlements-2002-2015
#3
Sophie Terp, Brandon Wang, Brian Raffetto, Seth A Seabury, Michael Menchine
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of civil monetary penalty settlements levied by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) against individual physicians related to violation of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA). METHODS: Descriptions of all civil monetary penalty settlements between 2002 and 2015 were obtained from the OIG. Characteristics of settlements against individual physicians related to EMTALA violations were described including settlement date, location, amount, whether there was an associated hospital settlement, the medical specialty of the physician involved, and the nature of the allegation...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108979/analysis-of-stress-only-imaging-comparing-upright-and-supine-czt-camera-acquisition-to-conventional-gamma-camera-images-with-and-without-attenuation-correction-with-coronary-angiography-as-a-reference
#4
Zenith A Jameria, Mouhamad Abdallah, Mariano Fernandez-Ulloa, Robert O'Donnell, Alok K Dwivedi, Erica Washburn, Naseer Khan, Mahyar Khaleghi, Nischelle Kalakota, Myron C Gerson
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic performance of stress-only imaging using a Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT) camera has not been directly compared in the same patients to stress-only attenuation-corrected conventional Anger camera images. METHODS: 112 subjects with correlative coronary angiographic data and 40 subjects with <5% pre-test likelihood of coronary disease completed attenuation-corrected stress-only images on a conventional Anger camera and uncorrected upright and supine stress images on a CZT camera...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108926/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-dispositional-mindfulness-in-early-adolescence
#5
Nathaniel R Riggs, Samantha M Brown
Peer victimization is associated with several mental health and behavioral problems during childhood and adolescence. Identifying prospective associations between victimization and factors known to protect against these problems may ultimately contribute to more precise developmental models for victimization's role in behavioral and mental health. This study tested prospective associations between peer victimization and dispositional mindfulness, defined by non-judgmental and accepting awareness of the constant stream of lived experience, during early adolescence...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108866/donor-conception-and-passing-or-why-australian-parents-of-donor-conceived-children-want-donors-who-look-like-them
#6
Karen-Anne Wong
This article explores the processes through which Australian recipients select unknown donors for use in assisted reproductive technologies and speculates on how those processes may affect the future life of the donor-conceived person. I will suggest that trust is an integral part of the exchange between donors, recipients, and gamete agencies in donor conception and heavily informs concepts of relatedness, race, ethnicity, kinship, class, and visibility. The decision to be transparent (or not) about a child's genetic parentage affects recipient parents' choices of donor, about who is allowed to "know" children's genetic backgrounds, and how important it is to be able to "pass" as an unassisted conception...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108815/preoperative-nlr-for-predicting-survival-rate-after-radical-resection-combined-with-adjuvant-immunotherapy-with-cik-and-postoperative-chemotherapy-in-gastric-cancer
#7
Yingchun Li, Chenyu Wang, Mengdan Xu, Cuicui Kong, Aibing Qu, Meng Zhang, Zhichao Zheng, Guirong Zhang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of adjuvant immunotherapy with autologous cytokine-induced killer (CIK) for postoperative patients with gastric cancer and to investigate the impacts of the predictors on the efficacy of CIK immunotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-two gastric cancer patients who have accepted radical resection were enrolled. The CIK and control groups were established by 1:1 matching on their baseline. As prognosis indicators, preoperative blood cell counts, the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were analyzed, respectively...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108789/-surgical-indications-and-complications-management-in-vestibular-schwannoma
#8
S Rosahl, D Eßer
BACKGROUND: Recent surgical treatment concepts for patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) require an interdisciplinary approach as well as recognition and mastering of complications. OBJECTIVE: This paper provides an overview of indications, as well as possible options for function preservation and management of complications in the surgical resection of these tumors. METHODS: Up-to-date treatment concepts and surgical indications were differentiated according to size and extent of tumors...
January 20, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108746/myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-can-be-efficiently-generated-from-human-hematopoietic-progenitors-and-peripheral-blood-monocytes
#9
Sílvia Casacuberta-Serra, Marta Parés, Arantxa Golbano, Elisabet Coves, Carmen Espejo, Jordi Barquinero
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play an important role in controlling inflammation. As such, they are both a therapeutic target and, based on the administration of ex-vivo-generated MDSCs, a therapeutic tool. However, there are relatively few reports describing methods to generate human MDSCs, and most of them rely on cells obtained from peripheral blood monocytes. We investigated alternative approaches to the generation of MDSCs from hematopoietic progenitors and monocytes. Purified CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitors from apheresis products and CD14(+) cells isolated from buffy coats were cultured in the presence of different combinations of cytokines...
January 21, 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108664/an-investigation-of-the-genotoxicity-and-interference-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-commonly-used-in-vitro-mutagenicity-and-genotoxicity-assays
#10
Jiya M George, Millicent Magogotya, Melissa A Vetten, Antoinette V Buys, Mary Gulumian
The suitability of 4 in vitro assays, commonly used for mutagenicity and genotoxicity assessment, was investigated in relation to treatment with 14 nm citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Specifically, the Ames test was conducted without metabolic activation, where no mutagenic effects were observed. High resolution transmission electron microscopy and Cytoviva dark-field image analysis showed that AuNPs did not enter the bacterial cells, thus confirming the unreliability of the Ames test for nanoparticle mutagenicity studies...
January 20, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108620/adults-miscoded-and-misdiagnosed-as-having-pneumonia-results-from-the-british-thoracic-society-pneumonia-audit
#11
Priya Daniel, Thomas Bewick, Sally Welham, Tricia M Mckeever, Wei Shen Lim
A key objective of the British Thoracic Society national community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) audit was to determine the clinical characteristics and outcomes of hospitalised adults given a primary discharge code of pneumonia but who did not fulfil accepted diagnostic criteria for pneumonia. Adults miscoded as having pneumonia (n=1251) were older compared with adults with CAP (n=6660) (median 80 vs 78 years, p<0.001) and had more comorbid disease, significantly fewer respiratory symptoms (fever, cough, dyspnoea, pleuritic pain), more constitutional symptoms (general deterioration, falls) and significantly lower 30-day inpatient mortality (14...
January 20, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108429/toward-patient-centered-telerehabilitation-design-understanding-chronic-pain-patients-preferences-for-web-based-exercise-telerehabilitation-using-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#12
Karlijn Cranen, Catharina Gm Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Miriam Mr Vollenbroek-Hutten, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered design that addresses patients' preferences and needs is considered an important aim for improving health care systems. At present, within the field of pain rehabilitation, patients' preferences regarding telerehabilitation remain scarcely explored and little is known about the optimal combination between human and electronic contact from the patients' perspective. In addition, limited evidence is available about the best way to explore patients' preferences...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108333/determining-activity-count-cut-points-for-measurement-of-physical-activity-using-the-actiwatch2-accelerometer
#13
Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Bolette Skjødt Rafn, Carolyn C Gotay, Kristin L Campbell
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep and physical activity are important contributions to many aspects of health. Obtaining accurate, objective measures of both behaviours is critical to health research. The Actiwatch2 is a wrist-worn sleep-monitoring device that has the potential to measure physical activity. Currently, interpretation of the Actiwatch2 physical activity data is limited by a lack of published thresholds for interpreting exercise intensity. This limits the ability to collect information on both behaviours simultaneously using one monitor...
January 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108268/risky-business-an-example-of-what-training-load-data-can-add-to-shared-decision-making-in-determining-acceptable-risk
#14
Paula C Charlton, Dan Ilott, Russell Borgeaud, Michael K Drew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108238/effect-of-an-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-treatment-of-maxillofacial-cancer-a-prospective-analysis
#15
Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Andrea Rau, Julia Ferencz, Thomas Langer, Marco Kesting, Markus Nieberler, Simone Wesselmann
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of oral cavity cancer based on the best available evidence was implemented at certified German cancer centres for head and neck carcinomas. The present analysis was performed to determine whether the implementation of the guideline via certification improved the level of care, leading to a benefit for the patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed based on the annual operating figures at 31 certified head and neck cancer centres...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108226/efficacy-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-8-atypical-antipsychotics-in-chinese-patients-with-acute-schizophrenia-a-network-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Zhihua Bai, Guoqiang Wang, Shangli Cai, Xindi Ding, Weiwei Liu, Depei Huang, Weidi Shen, Juncheng Zhang, Kui Chen, Yuqing Yang, Lili Zhang, Xiaochen Zhao, Qiong Ouyang, Jingping Zhao, Huafei Lu, Wei Hao
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to create hierarchies of the efficacy, acceptability and tolerability of eight atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of Chinese patients with acute schizophrenia. METHOD: We systematically searched for RCT articles published between January 1st 2005 and December 31st 2014 in electronic databases (Medline, Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrial.gov for studies in English and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang, and VIP Information/Chinese Scientific Journals Database for studies in Chinese)...
January 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108212/do-educational-seminars-for-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-improve-attitudes-toward-the-value-of-vaccination
#17
Kay Roussos-Ross, L Foster, H V Peterson, Julie Decesare
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness and impact of educational seminars given at two sites in North-Central Florida on the knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV), perceived barriers to HPV vaccination, and willingness to vaccinate against HPV in eligible patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study was performed in conjunction with the Committee for the Healthcare of Underserved Women, District XII, American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108171/patellar-cut-and-composite-thickness-the-influence-on-postoperative-motion-and-complications-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#18
William G Hamilton, Deborah J Ammeen, Nancy L Parks, Nitin Goyal, Gerard A Engh, C Anderson Engh
BACKGROUND: Little data exist on the influence of patellar thickness on postoperative motion or complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study addresses the following questions: Is postoperative motion influenced by change in composite patellar thickness? Is change in patellar thickness associated with more complications? And do more complications occur in the knees with a patellar bone remnant (<12 mm) and a native patellar thickness <18 mm? METHODS: In total, 3655 TKAs were performed by 3 surgeons over a 28-year interval...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108091/implementation-of-a-simple-innovative-system-for-postprescription-antibiotic-review-based-on-computerized-tools-with-shared-access
#19
F Bouchand, A Dinh, A L Roux, B Davido, H Michelon, M Lepainteur, B Legendre, F El Sayed, I Pierre, J Salomon, C Lawrence, C Perronne, M Villart, A-C Crémieux
BACKGROUND: Controlling antibiotic use in healthcare establishments limits their consumption and the emergence of bacterial resistance. AIM: To evaluate the efficiency of an innovative antibiotic stewardship strategy implemented over three years in a university hospital. METHODS: An antimicrobial multi-disciplinary team (AMT) [pharmacist, microbiologist and infectious disease specialist (IDS)] conducted a postprescription review. Specific coding of targeted antibiotics (including broad-spectrum β-lactams, glycopeptides, lipopeptides, fluoroquinolones and carbapenems) in the computerized physician order entry allowed recording of all new prescriptions...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108085/learning-curve-of-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-an-asian-low-volume-bariatric-unit
#20
Shih-Chiang Shen, Chun-Yi Tsai, Chien-Hung Liao, Yu-Yin Liu, Ta-Sen Yeh, Keng-Hao Liu
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a healthcare burden in Taiwan and the rest of Asia. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) provides good weight loss outcome, and improves comorbidity as well as quality of life. We present our experience of the learning curve for LRYGB in a low-volume bariatric unit. METHODS: From March 2009 to August 2011, 60 consecutive patients who underwent LRYGB were included. They were separated into two groups, with the first 30 cases in Group 1 and the remaining 30 cases in Group 2...
January 17, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
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