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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418696/eccentric-exercise-kinesiology-tape-and-balance-in-healthy-men
#1
Simona Hosp, Ramona Folie, Robert Csapo, Michael Hasler, Werner Nachbauer
CONTEXT:   Deficits in balance have been identified as a possible risk factor for knee injuries in athletes. Despite a lack of evidence for its effectiveness, kinesiology tape (KT) is widely used to prevent knee injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the influence of KT at the knee joint on balance ability in healthy men after eccentric exercise. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   University laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Twelve young men with no history of lower limb injury volunteered for the study (age = 23...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414917/epidemiology-of-knee-sprains-in-youth-high-school-and-collegiate-american-football-players
#2
Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate, Eric Schussler, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Variations in knee-sprain incidence among competition levels are unclear but may help inform prevention strategies in American football players. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of knee sprains in youth, high school, and collegiate football players. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Injury and athlete-exposure (AE) data were collected from 3 injury-surveillance programs at the youth, high school, and collegiate competition levels...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389864/does-the-fifa-11-%C3%A2-injury-prevention-program-reduce-the-incidence-of-acl-injury-in-male-soccer-players
#3
Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Mario Bizzini, Amelia Arundale, Bert R Mandelbaum, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ injury prevention program has been shown to decrease the risk of soccer injuries in men and women. The program has also been shown to decrease time loss resulting from injury. However, previous studies have not specifically investigated how the program might impact the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in male soccer players. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to examine if the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program can (1) reduce the overall number of ACL injuries in men who play competitive college soccer and whether any potential reduction in rate of ACL injuries differed based on (2) game versus practice setting; (3) player position; (4) level of play (Division I or II); or (5) field type...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298066/effect-of-fatigue-protocols-on-lower-limb-neuromuscular-function-and-implications-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-prevention-training
#4
Sue D Barber-Westin, Frank R Noyes
BACKGROUND: Approximately two-thirds of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are sustained during noncontact situations when an athlete is cutting, pivoting, decelerating, or landing from a jump. Some investigators have postulated that fatigue may result in deleterious alterations in lower limb biomechanics during these activities that could increase the risk of noncontact ACL injuries. However, prior studies have noted a wide variation in fatigue protocols, athletic tasks studied, and effects of fatigue on lower limb kinetics and kinematics...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224443/report-of-the-clinical-and-functional-primary-outcomes-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-similar-outcomes-in-men-receiving-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-1-and-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#5
Amelia J H Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Jacob J Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Athletes often are cleared to return to activities 6 months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction; however, knee function measures continue to improve up to 2 years after surgery. Interventions beyond standard care may facilitate successful return to preinjury activities and improve functional outcomes. Perturbation training has been used in nonoperative ACL injury and preoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, but has not been examined in postoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, specifically return to sport rehabilitation...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224442/report-of-the-primary-outcomes-for-gait-mechanics-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-does-not-restore-gait-symmetry-in-men-1-or-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#6
Jacob John Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Movement asymmetries during walking are common after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction and may influence the early development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative neuromuscular training (like perturbation training, which is neuromuscular training requiring selective muscle activation in response to surface perturbations) improves gait asymmetries and functional outcomes among people who are ACL-deficient, but the effect of postoperative perturbation training on gait mechanics after ACL reconstruction is unknown...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222578/the-effects-of-prevent-injury-and-enhance-performance-program-in-a-female-soccer-team
#7
Cristina Rodríguez, Soledad Echegoyen, Takeshi Aoyama
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the changes of muscle strength in lower limbs and knee valgus alignment using the Prevent Injury and Enhance Performance Program (PEP program) to prevent ACL injuries in female soccer players during an entire season. METHODS: A longitudinal and prospective study was done in twenty female soccer players at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, from a senior team. During 24 weeks the training program was applied three times a week as a part of the team workouts...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203593/effects-of-sex-and-fatigue-on-biomechanical-measures-during-the-drop-jump-task-in-children
#8
Kristín Briem, Kolbrún Vala Jónsdóttir, Árni Árnason, Þórarinn Sveinsson
BACKGROUND: Female athletes have a higher rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than males from adolescence and into maturity, which is suggested to result from sex-specific changes in dynamic movement patterns with maturation. Few studies have studied movement strategies and response to fatigue in children. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of fatigue on biomechanical variables associated with increased risk for ACL injury during a drop-jump (DJ) performance in children...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174432/a-study-of-isokinetic-strength-and-laxity-with-and-without-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#9
Kewwan Kim, Kyoungkyu Jeon, David R Mullineaux, Eunok Cho
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to provide useful information for future treatments and to organize rehabilitation programs for anterior cruciate ligament injury by assessing isokinetic muscle strength and laxity of knee joints in athletes with anterior cruciate ligament injuries. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-one high school athletes with anterior cruciate ligament injuries participated in this study. Isokinetic muscle strength at 60°/sec and anterior cruciate ligament laxity for non-involved and involved sides, classified on the basis of the severity of anterior cruciate ligament injury, were assessed...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173788/real-time-optimized-biofeedback-utilizing-sport-techniques-robust-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Mark V Paterno, Bin Huang, Kevin R Ford
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female athletes lead to a variety of short- and long-term physical, financial, and psychosocial ramifications. While dedicated injury prevention training programs have shown promise, ACL injury rates remain high as implementation has not become widespread. Conventional prevention programs use a combination of resistance, plyometric, balance and agility training to improve high-risk biomechanics and reduce the risk of injury. While many of these programs focus on reducing knee abduction load and posture during dynamic activity, targeting hip extensor strength and utilization may be more efficacious, as it is theorized to be an underlying mechanism of injury in adolescent female athletes...
February 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167142/molecular-landscape-of-arthrofibrosis-microarray-and-bioinformatic-analysis-of-the-temporal-expression-of-380-genes-during-contracture-genesis
#11
Mark E Morrey, Matthew P Abdel, Scott M Riester, Amel Dudakovic, Andre J van Wijnen, Bernard F Morrey, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo
PURPOSE: Inflammatory changes are suspected in the pathophysiology of arthrofibrosis formation and require early molecular examination. Here, we assessed the hypothesis that early inflammatory genes are related to arthrofibrosis by ascertaining gene expression during the early stages of contracture genesis in an animal model. METHODS: Joint trauma was incited surgically in a cohort of rabbits (n=36) knees followed by immobilization in a model of contracture. Six groups of 6 rabbits were sacrificed at multiple time points (0, 6, 12, 24, 72h and 2weeks)...
April 30, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151759/patellar-tendinopathy-and-potential-risk-factors-an-international-database-of-cases-and-controls
#12
Sarah Morton, Sean Williams, Xavier Valle, David Diaz-Cueli, Peter Malliaras, Dylan Morrissey
OBJECTIVES: Numerous risk factors have been identified for patellar tendinopathy (PT), often in small population studies. The aim was to use an international online questionnaire to generate a large database and identify significant risk factors. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Private practice and sporting teams recruited from England, Spain, and Italy with the questionnaire available in all 3 languages (equivalence between online and self-administration shown previously)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144407/knee-injuries-in-wrestlers-a-prospective-study-from-the-indian-subcontinent
#13
Shalini Agarwal, Ekta Mann
BACKGROUND: Wrestling is a very popular sport the world over and its popularity is rapidly increasing in India. However, due to its arduous nature it is associated with a high incidence of injuries. Out of all the injuries, those to the knee are one of the commonest injuries reported. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to study the pattern of these injuries in the Indian wrestlers. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted involving 196 wrestlers who were followed up over a period of 2 years...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118030/the-epidemiology-of-severe-injuries-sustained-by-national-collegiate-athletic-association-student-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#14
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Aaron D Gray, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Few researchers have described the incidence of the most severe injuries sustained by student-athletes at the collegiate level. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of severe injuries within 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data from 25 NCAA sports. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Collegiate student-athletes in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027463/quantifying-knee-mechanics-during-balance-training-exercises
#15
Lauren C Benson, Thomas G Almonroeder, Kristian M O'Connor
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is common among runners and those recovering from anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Training programs designed to prevent or treat injuries often include balance training, although balance interventions have been reported to coincide with more knee injuries. Knowledge of the effect of balance exercises on knee mechanics may be useful when designing training programs. High knee abduction moment has been implicated in the development of PFP, and imbalance between vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus medialis oblique (VMO) may contribute to patellofemoral stress...
January 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977300/preventive-neuromuscular-training-for-young-female-athletes-comparison-of-coach-and-athlete-compliance-rates
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dai Sugimoto, Carl G Mattacola, Heather M Bush, Staci M Thomas, Kim D Barber Foss, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:  Fewer athletic injuries and lower anterior cruciate ligament injury incidence rates were noted in studies of neuromuscular-training (NMT) interventions that had high compliance rates. However, several groups have demonstrated that preventive NMT interventions were limited by low compliance rates. OBJECTIVE:  To descriptively analyze coach and athlete compliance with preventive NMT and compare the compliance between study arms as well as among school levels and sports...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922985/video-analysis-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries-a-systematic-review
#17
Victor R Carlson, Frances T Sheehan, Barry P Boden
BACKGROUND: As the most viable method for investigating in vivo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, video analysis is critical for understanding ACL injury mechanisms and advancing preventative training programs. Despite the limited number of published studies involving video analysis, much has been gained through evaluating actual injury scenarios. METHODS: Studies meeting criteria for this systematic review were collected by performing a broad search of the ACL literature with use of variations and combinations of video recordings and ACL injuries...
November 29, 2016: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880849/loading-patterns-of-the-posterior-cruciate-ligament-in-the-healthy-knee-a-systematic-review
#18
S H Hosseini Nasab, Renate List, Katja Oberhofer, Sandro F Fucentese, Jess G Snedeker, William R Taylor
BACKGROUND: The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the strongest ligament of the knee, serving as one of the major passive stabilizers of the tibio-femoral joint. However, despite a number of experimental and modelling approaches to understand the kinematics and kinetics of the ligament, the normal loading conditions of the PCL and its functional bundles are still controversially discussed. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to generate science-based evidence for understanding the functional loading of the PCL, including the anterolateral and posteromedial bundles, in the healthy knee joint through systematic review and statistical analysis of the literature...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857656/reverse-flow-anterolateral-thigh-perforator-an-ad-hoc-flap-for-severe-post-burn-knee-contracture
#19
H A Ismail, L E El-Bassiony
We evaluate function outcomes of the reverse-flow ALT perforator flap to reconstruct severe post-burn knee contracture. Between October 2012 and December 2014, 10 patients with severe post-burn knee contracture were subjected to reconstruction with 10 ipsilateral reversed-flow ALT perforator flaps. All the patients were male. Ages ranged from 15 to 47 years (mean = 32 years). Time from burn injury to patient presentation ranged from 2-8 months. All patients demonstrated post-burn flexion contracture of the knee joint, ranging from 35 to 75 degrees...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793803/biomechanical-effects-of-an-injury-prevention-program-in-preadolescent-female-soccer-athletes
#20
Julie A Thompson, Andrew A Tran, Corey T Gatewood, Rebecca Shultz, Amy Silder, Scott L Delp, Jason L Dragoo
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common, and children as young as 10 years of age exhibit movement patterns associated with an ACL injury risk. Prevention programs have been shown to reduce injury rates, but the mechanisms behind these programs are largely unknown. Few studies have investigated biomechanical changes after injury prevention programs in children. Purpose/Hypothesis: To investigate the effects of the F-MARC 11+ injury prevention warm-up program on changes to biomechanical risk factors for an ACL injury in preadolescent female soccer players...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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