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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322374/echocardiographic-assessment-of-regional-right-ventricular-systolic-function-using-two-dimensional-strain-echocardiography-and-evaluation-of-the-predictive-ability-of-longitudinal-2d-strain-imaging-for-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-systemic-sclerosis-patients
#1
Vedat Hekimsoy, Ergun Barıs Kaya, Ali Akdogan, Levent Sahiner, Banu Evranos, Ugur Canpolat, Kudret Aytemir, Necla Özer, Lale Tokgozoglu
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a generalized connective tissue disorder, and SSc patients are at risk of developing pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The aims of this study are to evaluate the right ventricular regional systolic function using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D STE) and to determine the predictive ability of peak longitudinal systolic strain (PLSS) at the RV lateral wall for PAH in SSc patients. 80 SSc patients (mean age 51 ± 12 years) were included in the study. Echocardiography and 2D STE were performed at baseline and after 12 months...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191713/assessment-of-right-atrial-function-with-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-after-percutaneous-closure-of-an-atrial-septal-defect
#2
Onder Ozturk, Unal Ozturk, Sengul Ozturk
INTRODUCTION: Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) for two-dimensional (2D) strain analysis is a new tool to assess myocardial function. The aim of this study was to assess right atrial (RA) function using STE in patients with an atrial septal defect (ASD) before and one month after percutaneous closure. METHODS: We prospectively examined 32 consecutive patients (nine male, 23 female) who underwent percutaneous transcatheter closure of a secundum ASD between June 2013 and December 2015...
November 27, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174244/left-ventricular-global-longitudinal-strain-following-revascularization-in-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-comparison-of-primary-angioplasty-and-streptokinase-based-pharmacoinvasive-strategy
#3
Amal Paul, Paul V George
OBJECTIVE: Tenecteplase-based pharmacoinvasive percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to yield outcomes comparable to primary PCI in the setting of acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study was designed to compare the efficacy of pharmacoinvasive PCI following successful thrombolysis with Streptokinase versus primary PCI in patients with STEMI. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a prospective single center observational study in 120 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI (n=60) and Streptokinase-based pharmacoinvasive PCI (n=60)...
November 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151290/-early-detection-of-the-cardiotoxicity-induced-by-chemotherapy-drug-through-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-combined-with-high-sensitive-cardiac-troponin-t
#4
W Wang, Y Kang, X H Shu, X D Shen, B He
Objective: To investigate the clinical value of two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography(2D-STE) combined with high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) in early detection of the cardiotoxicity induced by chemotherapy drug. Methods: Seventy-five non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients who received the CHOP regimen were recruited in this study. Conventional echocardiography and 2D-STE were performed on these patients before chemotherapy, the second day after the third course of chemotherapy (during chemotherapy) and the second day after the last course of chemotherapy (after chemotherapy)...
November 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150155/the-association-of-functional-capacity-with-right-atrial-deformation-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-study-with-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking
#5
Weiwei Liu, Yueheng Wang, Jinling Zhou, Hui Bai, Feng Wang, Ju Wang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess right atrial (RA) myocardial mechanics in pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients using two-dimensional speckle tracking (2D-STE), and define the relationship between RA function and exercise capacity in PH patients. METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive PH patients were studied and compared with a control group of 25 healthy volunteers. Peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS), RA strain rate were measured in all subjects...
April 13, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128888/two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-global-longitudinal-strain-in-high-sensitivity-troponin-negative-low-risk-patients-with-unstable-angina-a-resting-ischemia-test
#6
Patrícia Marques-Alves, Nuno Espírito-Santo, Rui Baptista, Rogério Teixeira, Rui Martins, Francisco Gonçalves, Mariano Pego
With the introduction of high-sensitivity troponin (hsTNI) assays, the clinical significance unstable angina (UA) has become uncertain. We hypothesized that impaired left ventricular (LV) two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE)-derived peak global longitudinal strain (GLS) was able to exclude the presence of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in UA patients without prior cardiovascular (CV) events and with a normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF). From a cohort of 200 patients admitted with UA, we selected 61 patients without prior CV events and with a normal LVEF; of these, 48 (79%) underwent invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and 24 (39%) had at least ≥ 1 significant stenosis...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072062/morpho-functional-cardiovascular-adaptation-in-hypertensive-patients-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-study
#7
Ines P Monte, Chiara DI Benedetto, Filippo A Atanasio, Valentina Losi, Salvatore Licciardi, Corrado Tamburino
BACKGROUND: Twenty-four-hour Blood Pressure (BP) variability is an important predictor of organ damage and cardiovascular events. Although epidemiological data are widely based on evaluation of office (Clinic) BP, 24-hour Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) accurately assess the severity of hypertension to predict cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients, because it more accurately reflects BP load on heart and blood vessels. Conventional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), such as M-mode and two-dimensional (2D), and more advanced techniques, such as tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), are used to identify pathological changes of the hypertensive heart disease...
October 25, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986777/predicting-cardiotoxic-effects-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-using-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#8
Erhan Saraçoğlu, Ertan Vuruşkan, Salih Kılıç, Yusuf Çekici, Bahaeddin Onur, Yavuz Arslan, Ertuğrul Kılıç, Ömer Aykut
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning could cause significant cardiac injury. This study aimed to evaluate patients with CO poisoning by using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), a potentially more sensitive technique, to identify left systolic ventricular dysfunction for the first time in the literature. Seventy-two patients who were exposed to CO poisoning were studied. Blood collection and echocardiography were performed at admission and after patients' discharge on days 10-15 (mean 12 days). Global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global circumferential strain (GCS) were calculated using STE...
October 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904957/echocardiographic-techniques-of-deformation-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-maternal-cardiovascular-system-in-patients-with-complicated-pregnancies
#9
REVIEW
Silvia Visentin, Chiara Palermo, Martina Camerin, Luciano Daliento, Denisa Muraru, Erich Cosmi, Luigi P Badano
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent the leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity. Knowledge of CVD in women is constantly evolving and data are emerging that female-specific risk factors as complications of pregnancy are conditions associated with an increased risk for the long-term development of CVD. Echocardiography is a safe and effective imaging technique indicated in symptomatic or asymptomatic pregnant women with congenital heart diseases who require close monitoring of cardiac function...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895191/early-assessment-of-the-left-ventricular-function-by-epirubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-postoperative-breast-cancer-patients
#10
Runlan Luo, Hongyan Cui, Dongmei Huang, Guangsen Li
OBJECTIVE: Epirubicin (Epi) is a potent and effective drug for many malignant cancers with serious cardiotoxicity. Therefore, layer-specific two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) was used to evaluate the longitudinal and circumferential systolic function of the left ventricular for the early detection of cardiotoxicity in this retrospective work. METHODS: Overall, 130 female patients with postoperative breast cancer who did not receive radiotherapy were classified into three groups: Group A (control group, n = 40) without any chemotherapy; Group B (n = 44) administered Epi at 180 ~ 240 mg/m(2) ; and Group C (n = 46) administered Epi at ≥360 mg/m(2) ...
September 12, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855658/the-diagnostic-value-of-global-longitudinal-strain-gls-on-myocardial-infarction-size-by-echocardiography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Kai-Yue Diao, Zhi-Gang Yang, Min Ma, Yong He, Qin Zhao, Xi Liu, Yue Gao, Lin-Jun Xie, Ying-Kun Guo
A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective randomized studies were performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of measuring global longitudinal strain (GLS) using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) in determining myocardial infarction (MI) size, which is usually measured based on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Eleven trials with a total of 765 patients were included. The pooled correlation was 0.70 (95% CI: 0.64, 0.74) between two-dimensional (2D) GLS and the LGE percentage, and it was 0...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836949/2-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-predicts-severe-coronary-artery-disease-in-women-with-normal-left-ventricular-function-a-case-control-study
#12
Ryan T Hubbard, Maria C Arciniegas Calle, Sergio Barros-Gomes, Joyce A Kukuzke, Patricia A Pellikka, Rajiv Gulati, Hector R Villarraga
BACKGROUND: Women who have coronary artery disease (CAD) often present with atypical symptoms that may lead to misdiagnosis. We assessed strain, systolic strain rate and left ventricular dyssynchrony with 2- dimensional- speckle tracking echocardiography to evaluate its use as a non-invasive method for detecting CAD in women with normal ejection fraction compared with healthy women controls with a normal angiogram. METHODS: We included 35 women with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography and a positive exercise stress echocardiography and 35 women in a control group with a low pretest probability of CAD, normal angiogram and a normal stress echocardiography with normal EF...
August 24, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790928/enhanced-right-chamber-remodeling-in-endurance-ultra-trail-athletes-compared-to-marathon-runners-detected-by-standard-and-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#13
Kristian Ujka, Luca Bastiani, Gennaro D'Angelo, Bruna Catuzzo, Alessandro Tonacci, Simona Mrakic-Sposta, Alessandra Vezzoli, Guido Giardini, Lorenza Pratali
Background: Strenuous and endurance exercise training have been associated with morphological and functional heart remodeling. Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) is a novel technique that allows an accurate quantification of global myocardium deformation. Our aim was to evaluate together left and right cardiac remodeling in different long-distance running athletes: marathon runners (42 km) (M) and endurance mountain runners (>300 Km) (UT). Methods: A total of 92 athletes (70 males, 76%) including 47 M [age 45 ± 7 years; training: 18 (9-53) years(*)days/week], 45 UT [age 42 ± 9, training: 30 (15-66) years(*)days/week] underwent conventional echocardiography and STE (Beyond Diogenes 2...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776114/quantitative-evaluation-of-longitudinal-strain-in-layer-specific-myocardium-in-patients-with-preeclampsia
#14
Juan Cong, Yong Lee, Xiuxiu Fu, Zhibin Wang, Wugang Wang, Junfang Lee
Preeclampsia (PE) remains a main cause of maternal morbidity and mortality during pregnancy. Vascular spasm and ischemic damage play the primary role in the presentation of PE. The aim of this study was to assess the longitudinal strain (LS) in each of the three myocardial layers in patients with PE using the layer-specific strain. Forty-five PE women and forty-one normotensive pregnant women were included. Layer-specific LS were assessed in endocardium, mid-myocardium, and epicardium by 2-dimensional (2D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE)...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768478/left-ventricular-systolic-function-changes-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-patients-detected-by-the-strain-of-different-myocardium-layers-and-longitudinal-rotation
#15
Jun Huang, Zi-Ning Yan, Li Fan, Yi-Fei Rui, Xiang-Ting Song
BACKGROUND: Impairment of left ventricular (LV) longitudinal function has an important role in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This research investigated an association between the longitudinal strain of different myocardial layers, longitudinal rotation and the LV systolic function of HCM patients. METHODS: The research was performed on 36 HCM patients and 36 healthy subjects. The peak systolic longitudinal strain of the subendocardial, midmyocardial, and subepicardial layers was measured using 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE)...
August 2, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758060/early-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-predicts-left-ventricle-remodeling-after-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#16
Donato Mele, Marianna Nardozza, Elisabetta Chiodi
BACKGROUND: Prediction of the left ventricular remodeling (LVR) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in patients treated with effective myocardial reperfusion is challenging. METHODS: Forty-one consecutive patients (36 males, age 59 ± 10 years) with STEMI who underwent effective (TIMI III) primary coronary angioplasty were enrolled. All patients had an echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) study within 72 h from revascularization...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639243/right-atrial-myocardial-deformation-by-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-predicts-recurrence-in-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#17
Malini Govindan, Anatoli Kiotsekoglou, Samir K Saha, A John Camm
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a bi-atrial disease yet little attention has been given to right heart function in AF. We propose that the assessment of right atrial (RA) and right ventricular function (RV) using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) could be valuable in predicting AF recurrence in patients with paroxysmal AF (PAF). METHODS: Thirty patients with PAF were prospectively recruited from a dedicated AF clinic. Right atrial size, volume, and area and RV dimensions were analyzed along with RA and RV strain derived from 2D-STE at baseline and at 3 and 12 months...
December 2017: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597735/early-changes-of-left-atrial-function-in-chronic-asymptomatic-alcoholics-by-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#18
Rui Xu, Runlan Luo, Bijun Tan, Tian Gan, Guangsen Li
Background Chronic excessive alcohol intake has been reported as a possible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy. Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) is a novel method for the angle-independent and objective quantification of myocardial deformation. This study sought to assess left atrial function changes among alcoholics related to the duration of heavy drinking by 2D-STE. Methods We classified 92 asymptomatic alcoholics into mild, moderate and severe groups. Thirty age-matched controls were also recruited...
February 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536004/multimodality-imaging-approach-in-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-myocarditis-with-preserved-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-mcpef-the-role-of-2d-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#19
Mario Kasner, Aleksandar Aleksandrov, Felicitas Escher, Nidal Al-Saadi, Markus Makowski, Frank Spillmann, Martin Genger, Heinz-Peter Schultheiss, Uwe Kühl, Burkert Pieske, Daniel A Morris, Michel Noutsias, Carsten Tschöpe
BACKGROUND: Up to one third of patients with chronic myocarditis (MC) have preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (MCpEF). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of adding 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) in the diagnosis of patients with MCpEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 67 patients with suspected MCpEF who underwent endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). Thirty-two patients with confirmed chronic myocardial inflammation by EMB served as study group (MCpEF) and the remaining patients (n=35) served as control group...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500377/reliability-of-echocardiographic-speckle-tracking-derived-bi-atrial-strain-assessment-under-different-hemodynamic-conditions
#20
Mahdi Sareban, Tabea Perz, Franziska Macholz, Bernhard Reich, Peter Schmidt, Sebastian Fried, Heimo Mairbäurl, Marc M Berger, Josef Niebauer
The aim of this study was to assess intra- and inter-observer variability of left (LA) and right atrial (RA) strain indices obtained by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in a healthy group of individuals at low-altitude and after rapid ascent to high-altitude in order to provoke altered systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics otherwise seen in various cardiac diseases. Twenty healthy subjects underwent transthoracic echocardiography during a baseline examination at low-altitude (424 m) as well as 7, 20 and 44 h after arrival at high-altitude (4559 m)...
November 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
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