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Pediatrics endocrinology

Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in the global prevalence of obesity suggests that environmental factors may be responsible. The increased use of technology is associated with increased rates of obesity due to declines in physical activity and significant sedentary life style. Internet addiction is also a growing health issue associated with diminished physical activity and poor sleep quality as well as various health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine associations between Internet addiction and adolescent obesity-related problems...
October 18, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Shahrzad Bakhtiar, Frank Ruemmele, Fabienne Charbit-Henrion, Eva Lévy, Frédéric Rieux-Laucat, Nadine Cerf-Bensussan, Peter Bader, Ulrich Paetow
Monogenic primary immunodeficiency syndromes can affect one or more endocrine organs by autoimmunity during childhood. Clinical manifestations include type 1 diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, and vitiligo. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-responsive beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency was described in 2012 as a novel primary immunodeficiency, predominantly causing immune dysregulation and early onset enteropathy. We describe the heterogeneous clinical course of LRBA deficiency in two siblings, mimicking an autoimmune polyendocrine disorder in one of them in presence of the same underlying genetic mutation...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Laura K Bachrach, Catherine M Gordon
Concerns about bone health and potential fragility in children and adolescents have led to a high interest in bone densitometry. Pediatric patients with genetic and acquired chronic diseases, immobility, and inadequate nutrition may fail to achieve expected gains in bone size, mass, and strength, leaving them vulnerable to fracture. In older adults, bone densitometry has been shown to predict fracture risk and reflect response to therapy. The role of densitometry in the management of children at risk of bone fragility is less clear...
September 26, 2016: Pediatrics
Manisha Gandhi, Anitra Beasley, Emily Vinas, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Susan M Ramin, Charlie C Kilpatrick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of mobile technology to facilitate resident learning, assess clinical knowledge, and guide curricular development in a busy clinical environment. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a large (N=48) urban obstetrics and gynecology residency program. Question sets were created in the following areas: office gynecology, general obstetrics, gynecologic surgery and urogynecology, maternal-fetal medicine and ultrasonography, reproductive endocrinology and pediatric gynecology, and gynecologic oncology...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Murat Kocyigit, Taliye Cakabay, Safiye G Ortekin, Teoman Akcay, Guven Ozkaya, Selin Ustun Bezgin, Melek Yildiz, Mustafa Kemal Adali
OBJECTIVE: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a condition in which fluid is retained in the middle ear cavity, but without otalgia, fever, and other symptoms. The incidence of endocrinological disorders has been increasing, but the association between endocrinological disorders and OME has not yet been determined. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the presence of OME in children diagnosed with an endocrinological disease and their relationship with each other. METHODS: Our study was done with 918 children patients (440 boys, 478 girls; mean age: 8...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Nelly Altamirano-Bustamante, Myriam M Altamirano-Bustamante
The bone mass peak is the maximum bone quantity to be achieved through bone modeling. About 40% of the total bone mass is achieved at puberty; therefore, adolescence is critical on the skeletal development. This paper is about the transfunctional analysis of nutrition, mineral metabolism, endocrinology and life style in adolescence. Core factors to achieve the maximum potential of bone modeling through puberty and prevent osteoporosis from a pediatric stage are addressed.
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Saartje Straetemans, Jean De Schepper, Muriel Thomas, Franciska Verlinde, Raoul Rooman
BACKGROUND/AIM: To validate prediction models for near final adult height (nFAH) by Ranke et al. [Horm Res Paediatr 2013;79:51-67]. METHODS: Height data of 127 (82 male) idiopathic growth hormone (GH)-deficient children, treated with GH until nFAH, were retrieved from the database of the Belgian Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology (BESPEED). nFAH was predicted after first-year GH treatment, applying prediction models by Ranke et al. Bland-Altman plots and Clarke error grid analyses were performed to assess clinical significance of the differences between observed and predicted nFAH...
September 6, 2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
R F Wang, X F Gu, J Ye, L S Han, W J Qiu, H W Zhang, Y G Yu, Z W Gong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the phenotype-genotype correlation of 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) patients found by neonatal screening, and to investigate the characteristics of gene frequency of these patients. METHOD: Clinical and biochemical data of 66 21-OHD patients diagnosed by neonatal screening in department of pediatric endocrinology and genetics and neonatal screening center of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Ismail Yağmur, Burak Turna, Ali Tekin, Emir Akıncıoğlu, Bnu Sarsık, İbrahim Ulman
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is generally common in men older than 50 years of age but is extremely rare in childhood. In the literature to date, fewer than five cases have been reported under 18 years of age. Owing to the limited number of cases, the etiology and management of BPH in the first two decades is not clear. OBJECTIVE: We herein report a 17-year-old boy who presented with acute urinary retention due to BPH and was treated with endoscopic transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P)...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Graziano Grugni, Maria Rosaria Licenziati, Giuliana Valerio, Antonino Crinò, Claudio Maffeis, Rita Tanas, Giuseppe Stefano Morino
Severe/medically complicated obesity in childhood, and particularly in adolescence, is a real disability that requires an intensive and continuous approach which should follow the procedures and schedule of rehabilitation medicine. Given the lack of a specific document focusing on children and adolescents, the Childhood Obesity Study Group set out to explore the available evidence for the treatment of severe or medically complicated obesity and to set standards tailored to the specific context of the Italian Health Service...
September 1, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Raquel Corripio, Leandro Soriano-Guillén, Francisco-Javier Herrero, Ramón Cañete, Lidia Castro-Feijoó, Aránzazu Escribano, Rafael Espino, José-Ignacio Labarta, Jesús Argente
BACKGROUND: The influence of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) treatment on body mass index (BMI) evolution in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP) is unclear. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the effect of GnRHa treatment on BMI-standard deviation score (SDS) from diagnosis of idiopathic CPP until adult height. METHODS: An observational study of girls diagnosed with CPP in Spain was carried out between January 2008 and December 2014. A computer program was designed to process clinical and biological data from patients treated in 55 departments of pediatric endocrinology throughout the country...
August 13, 2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Carmen L Soto-Rivera, Steven M Schwartz, Jaclyn E Sawyer, Duncan J Macrae, Michael S D Agus
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to discuss the pathophysiology, clinical impact and treatment of hyperglycemia, and disturbances in thyroid and adrenal function prior to and following cardiac surgery in children. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSIONS: Disturbances in glucose metabolism and thyroid and adrenal function are common in critically ill children with cardiac disease and in particular in children undergoing cardiac surgery for complex congenital heart disease...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Ali Aşci, Pinar Erkekoglu, Aylin Balci, Nesibe Andiran, Belma Koçer-Gümüşel
Exposure to environmental chemicals can affect genetic and epigenetic molecular pathways and may cause altered growth and development. Among those exposures, endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are of particular concern as humans are abundantly exposed to these chemicals by various means in every period of life. Several well-known environmental chemicals, including phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA), are classified as EDCs. These EDCs are suggested to play roles in early onset of puberty in girls. The aim of this study is to determine plasma phthalate (di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate [DEHP] and its main metabolite mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate [MEHP]) and urinary BPA levels in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP) and peripheral precocious puberty (PPP)...
July 25, 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Cristina Sánchez González, Mónica Andrades Toledo, Álvaro Cárdeno Morales, Ignacio Gutiérrez Carrasco, Gema Lucía Ramírez Villar, José María Pérez Hurtado, Emilio García García
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The treatment of childhood cancers has increased survival rates, but also the risk of sequelae, such as endocrine complications. The objective of this study is to evaluate the endocrine disorders in survivors of childhood malignant tumors within the first years after treatment and analyze the variables related to their appearance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective medical record review of patients referred to pediatric endocrinology after treatment of malignancy...
October 21, 2016: Medicina Clínica
Yasuhiko Hayashi, Daisuke Kita, Issei Fukui, Yasuo Sasagawa, Masahiro Oishi, Michiko Okajima, Osamu Tachibana, Mitsutoshi Nakada
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) are rarely detected in neuroradiological screening and are less commonly found in children than in adults. However, when RCCs are observed in children, it is important to carefully distinguish a RCC from a cystic craniopharyngioma (CP) even if surgically treated or conservatively followed up. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of clinical data from 11 patients with symptomatic RCCs whose ages were under 18 years and compared the data with data from 15 age- and sex-matched patients with cystic CP who were treated at our institute...
September 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
D Fintini, G Grugni, S Bocchini, C Brufani, S Di Candia, A Corrias, M Delvecchio, A Salvatoni, L Ragusa, N Greggio, A Franzese, E Scarano, G Trifirò, L Mazzanti, G Chiumello, M Cappa, A Crinò
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is characterized by a high incidence of altered glucose metabolism (AGM). However, epidemiological data on impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are still discordant. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a multicenter study based on 274 PWS patients [144 females, aged 20.3 ± 10.4 yrs (range: 8.1-50.1 years)] evaluating the prevalence for AGM in the entire group, and according to age (children <10 yrs; adolescents 10-18 yrs, and adults >18 yrs), Body Mass Index (BMI = kg/m(2)), gender, genotypes (deletion or uniparental disomy for chromosome 15), and GH therapy (GHT) (untreated, previously or currently treated)...
September 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Erica Everest, Sara Akhtar, Marianne Sumego, Alaa Zeizoun, Sarah Worley, Anne S Tang, Allison Dorsey, Ann Smith, Bahareh Schweiger
Shared medical appointments began in the United States in 1996 to advance quality of care and enhance patients' ability to self-manage. Group visits gather patients with the same diagnosis for individual examinations followed by group education sessions taught by the provider. This leads to the opportunity to learn from the experiences of others. The Cleveland Clinic Department of Pediatric Endocrinology offers a shared medical appointment group for pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes called the ESCALAIT clinic (Enrichment Services and Care for Adolescents Living with Autoimmune Insulin Dependent Type 1 Diabetes)...
July 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Molecular Endocrinology
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