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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922238/parental-perception-and-child-s-nutritional-status
#1
S Songül Yalçın, Esra Serdaroğlu, O Tolga İnce
Childhood obesity is a health hazard increasing worldwide. Preschool period which is under supervision of parents is a critical period to detect overweight and take precautions. We studied the factors affecting parental estimation of their preschool child's weight. Three hundred sixty seven mothers completed questionnaires consisting of child's and parents' anthropometric measurements, parents' assessment of their child's and their own weight status, and general information about their lifestyle. Mothers also chose their wish for current and future body image of their child from child drawings representing percentiles...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922234/long-term-azithromycin-therapy-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Nagehan Emiralioğlu, Zeynelabidin Öztürk, Ebru Yalçın, Deniz Doğru, Uğur Özçelik, Nural Kiper
Inflammation is a central contributor to the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis (CF) pulmonary disease; so limiting the excessive production of inflammatory mediators represents a major therapeutic strategy for slowing the decline in lung function and improving survival. The macrolide antibiotic azithromycin (AZM) has anti-inflammatory properties and immunomodulatory effects that may be beneficial in CF. The aim of this study was to document the long term use of AZM effect on pulmonary function, nutritional status and number of pulmonary exacerbations in patients with CF...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922188/oral-health-status-of-children-in-los-angeles-county-and-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#3
Bruce A Dye, Clemencia M Vargas, Cheryl D Fryar, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Robert Isman
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the oral health status and related sociodemographic risk indicators in children in Los Angeles (LA) County with children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 were used to calculate prevalence estimates for children aged 2-13 years living in LA County and in the United States. Sociodemographic indicators were evaluated using multiple logistic regression modeling...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#4
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920476/self-expanding-metal-stents-for-the-palliation-of-malignant-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis
#5
Christoph Rademacher, Matthias Bechtler, Steffen Schneider, Bettina Hartmann, Johannes Striegel, Ralf Jakobs
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) for the palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction in patients with and without peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 62 patients who underwent SEMS placement for treatment of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction at our hospital over a six-year period. Stents were deployed through the scope under combined fluoroscopic and endoscopic guidance. Technical success was defined as successful stent placement and expansion...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920072/clinic-blood-pressure-underestimates-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-an-untreated-employer-based-us-population-results-from-the-masked-hypertension-study
#6
Joseph E Schwartz, Matthew M Burg, Daichi Shimbo, Joan E Broderick, Arthur A Stone, Joji Ishikawa, Richard Sloan, Tyla Yurgel, Steven Grossman, Thomas G Pickering
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) is consistently superior to clinic blood pressure (CBP) as a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality risk. A common perception is that ABP is usually lower than CBP. The relationship of the CBP minus ABP difference to age has not been examined in the United States. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2012, 888 healthy, employed, middle-aged (mean±SD age, 45±10.4 years) individuals (59% female, 7.4% black, 12% Hispanic) with screening BP <160/105 mm Hg and not taking antihypertensive medication completed 3 separate clinic BP assessments and a 24-hour ABP recording for the Masked Hypertension Study...
December 6, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919983/prognostic-significance-of-inflammatory-and-nutritional-parameters-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#7
Tatsuya Miyazaki, Makoto Sakai, Makoto Sohda, Naritaka Tanaka, Takehiko Yokobori, Yoko Motegi, Masanobu Nakajima, Minoru Fukuchi, Hiroyuki Kato, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the following preoperative prognostic factors in patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: C-Reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), serum albumin, prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and body mass index (BMI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 173 men and 19 women with a mean age of 65.8 years (range=42-86 years) who were scheduled to undergo esophagectomy for esophageal cancer...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919168/the-mediterranean-healthy-eating-ageing-and-lifestyle-meal-study-rationale-and-study-design
#8
Giuseppe Grosso, Stefano Marventano, Maurizio D'Urso, Antonio Mistretta, Fabio Galvano
There is accumulating evidence suggesting that Mediterranean lifestyles, including nutrition and sleeping patterns as well as social integration, may play a role in reducing age-related diseases. However, the literature is mostly deficient of evidence provided by Italian Mediterranean islands that more closely adhered to the originally described lifestyles. In this paper, we described the rationale and the study design of the Mediterranean healthy Eating, Ageing, and Lifestyle (MEAL) study, a prospective population-based cohort established in Sicily, southern Italy...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918868/handgrip-dynamometry-and-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-in-patients-with-nonresectable-lung-cancer
#9
Ana T Barata, Carla Santos, Marília Cravo, Maria do Céu Vinhas, Catarina Morais, Elisabete Carolino, Lino Mendes, Jorge Roldão Vieira, Jorge Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Undernutrition is frequently associated with advanced lung cancer. Accurate nutritional assessment tools are important to provide the proper nutritional therapy. Handgrip dynamometry has already been used in these patients, and the findings suggest that it is a good indicator of nutritional status. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between nutritional status and handgrip strength (HGS) in patients with nonresectable lung cancer...
December 5, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918700/the-associations-between-urbanicity-and-physical-activity-and-sitting-time-in-mexico
#10
Maria E Hermosillo-Gallardo, Russell Jago, Simon J Sebire
BACKGROUND: Approximately 17.4% of people in Mexico self-report physical activity levels below the World Health Organization's guidelines and an average sedentary time of 16 hours per day.1 Low physical activity has been associated with non-communicable disease risk factors and previous research suggests that urbanicity might be an important determinant of physical activity. The aim of this study was to measure urbanicity in Mexico and assess if it is associated with physical activity and sitting time...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917962/human-and-animal-health-surveys-among-pastoralists
#11
E Schelling, H Greter, H Kessely, M F Abakar, B N Ngandolo, L Crump, B Bold, J Kasymbekov, Z Baljinnyam, G Fokou, J Zinsstag, B Bonfoh, J Hattendorf, M Béchir
Valid human and livestock health surveys, including longitudinal follow-up, are feasible among mobile pastoralists and provide fundamental information to agencies for interventions that are responsive to realities and effective in addressing the needs of pastoralists. However, pastoralists are often excluded from studies, surveillance systems and health programmes. The occurrence of preventable and treatable diseases such as perinatal tetanus, measles and tuberculosis are indicative of limited access to health providers and information...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917888/heterotrophy-promotes-the-re-establishment-of-photosynthate-translocation-in-a-symbiotic-coral-after-heat-stress
#12
Pascale Tremblay, Andrea Gori, Jean François Maguer, Mia Hoogenboom, Christine Ferrier-Pagès
Symbiotic scleractinian corals are particularly affected by climate change stress and respond by bleaching (losing their symbiotic dinoflagellate partners). Recently, the energetic status of corals is emerging as a particularly important factor that determines the corals' vulnerability to heat stress. However, detailed studies of coral energetic that trace the flow of carbon from symbionts to host are still sparse. The present study thus investigates the impact of heat stress on the nutritional interactions between dinoflagellates and coral Stylophora pistillata maintained under auto- and heterotrophy...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917164/longitudinal-study-of-two-irish-dairy-herds-low-numbers-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o157-and-o26-super-shedders-identified
#13
Brenda P Murphy, Evonne McCabe, Mary Murphy, James F Buckley, Dan Crowley, Séamus Fanning, Geraldine Duffy
A 12-month longitudinal study was undertaken on two dairy herds to ascertain the Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 and O26 shedding status of the animals and its impact (if any) on raw milk. Cattle are a recognized reservoir for these organisms with associated public health and environmental implications. Animals shedding E. coli O157 at >10,000 CFU/g of feces have been deemed super-shedders. There is a gap in the knowledge regarding super-shedding of other STEC serogroups. A cohort of 40 lactating cows from herds previously identified as positive for STEC in a national surveillance project were sampled every second month between August, 2013 and July, 2014...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916926/ulcerative-colitis-and-crohn-s-disease-are-associated-with-decreased-serum-selenium-concentrations-and-increased-cardiovascular-risk
#14
Teresa Castro Aguilar-Tablada, Miguel Navarro-Alarcón, Javier Quesada Granados, Cristina Samaniego Sánchez, José Ángel Rufián-Henares, Flor Nogueras-Lopez
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and associated oxidative stress is increasing. The antioxidant mineral selenium (Se) was measured in serum samples from 106 IBD patients (53 with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 53 with Crohn's disease (CD)) and from 30 healthy controls. Serum Se concentrations were significantly lower in UC and CD patients than in healthy controls (p < 0.001) and significantly lower in CD patients than in UC patients (p = 0.006). Se concentrations in patients were significantly influenced by sex, body mass index (BMI), the inflammatory biomarker α-1-antitrypsin, surgery, medical treatment, the severity, extent, and form of the disease and the length of time since onset (p < 0...
December 1, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916904/impact-of-pre-pregnancy-bmi-on-b-vitamin-and-inflammatory-status-in-early-pregnancy-an-observational-cohort-study
#15
Anne-Lise Bjørke-Monsen, Arve Ulvik, Roy M Nilsen, Øivind Midttun, Christine Roth, Per Magnus, Camilla Stoltenberg, Stein Emil Vollset, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Per Magne Ueland
Maternal nutrition and inflammation have been suggested as mediators in the development of various adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal obesity. We have investigated the relation between pre-pregnancy BMI, B vitamin status, and inflammatory markers in a group of healthy pregnant women. Cobalamin, folate, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, and riboflavin; and the metabolic markers homocysteine, methylmalonic acid, and 3-hydroxykynurenine/xanthurenic acid ratio (HK/XA); and markers of cellular inflammation, neopterin and kynurenine/tryptophan ratio (KTR) were determined in pregnancy week 18 and related to pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), in 2797 women from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916873/the-effect-of-low-dose-iron-and-zinc-intake-on-child-micronutrient-status-and-development-during-the-first-1000-days-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Erick Boy, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner
Adequate supply of micronutrients during the first 1000 days is essential for normal development and healthy life. We aimed to investigate if interventions administering dietary doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) of iron and zinc within the window from conception to age 2 years have the potential to influence nutritional status and development of children. To address this objective, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and quasi-randomized fortification, biofortification, and supplementation trials in women (pregnant and lactating) and children (6-23 months) delivering iron or zinc in doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) levels was conducted...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916550/bmi-fails-to-identify-poor-nutritional-status-in-stunted-children-with-cf
#17
Michael W Konstan, David J Pasta, Jeffrey S Wagener, Donald R VanDevanter, Wayne J Morgan
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is currently emphasized for evaluating nutritional status in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Weight for age (WFA) and height for age (HFA) may get less attention. METHODS: Data from the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis were used to compare patient WFA, HFA, and BMI percentiles for children age 2 to 18years. RESULTS: For children with BMI between the 25th and 50th percentiles, 16.8% had WFA <10th percentile and 26...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916501/association-between-iron-level-glucose-impairment-and-increased-dna-damage-during-pregnancy
#18
Salam Zein, Samar Rachidi, Nadine Shami, Iman Sharara, Khawla Cheikh-Ali, Anne-Sophie Gauchez, Jean-Marc Moulis, Jean-Marc Ayoubi, Pascale Salameh, Isabelle Hininger-Favier
: Elevated circulating ferritin has been reported to increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). When high ferritin translates into high iron stores, iron excess is also a condition leading to free radical damage. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between oxidative stress (OS) induced by iron status and GDM risk in non iron-supplemented pregnant women. METHODS: This was a pilot observational study conducted on 93 non-anemic pregnant women. Iron status was assessed at the first trimester of gestation...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916337/nutritionday-10-years-of-growth
#19
REVIEW
Karin Schindler, Claude Pichard, Isabella Sulz, Dorothee Volkert, Melanie Streicher, Pierre Singer, Olle Ljungqvist, Andre Van Gossum, Peter Bauer, Michael Hiesmayr
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite high prevalence at hospital admission, disease related malnutrition (DRM) remains under recognized and undertreated. DRM is associated with increased morbidity, hospital readmission rate, and burden for the healthcare system. The compelling need to increase awareness and knowledge through an international survey has triggered the launch of the nutritionDay (ND) concept. METHODS: ND is a worldwide annual systematic collection and analysis of data in hospital wards, intensive care units and nursing homes...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914913/vitamin-fortified-snack-food-may-lead-consumers-to-make-poor-dietary-decisions
#20
Linda Verrill, Dallas Wood, Sheryl Cates, Amy Lando, Yuanting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) fortification policy discourages the fortification of certain foods, including sugars and snack foods such as cookies, candies, cakes, chips, and carbonated beverages, yet manufacturers sometimes add vitamins and minerals to snack foods. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether vitamin-fortified snack foods affect consumers' information-seeking, purchase decisions, and product-related health perceptions. DESIGN: For this experimental study, participants were randomly assigned to study conditions to compare products that varied in product type, nutrition profile, and fortification and nutrient claim status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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