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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453587/-association-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-habits-with-overweight-in-fertile-chilean-women
#1
Ximena Guerra M, Paula Bedregal, Gerardo Weisstaub, Patricia Caro M
BACKGROUND: Women in Chile are mainly responsible in the formation of eating habits in the population, particularly at their homes. AIM: To explore the association of physical activity and alimentary habits with overweight among adult Chilean women in fertile age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross sectional study using the data from de National Health Survey 2009-2010. Socio-demographic variables, dietary issues, multidimensional physical activity, sedentary free time and their link with nutritional status were studied in a sample of 1,195 women aged between 20 and 44 years...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453544/predicting-herbivore-faecal-nitrogen-using-a-multispecies-near-infrared-reflectance-spectroscopy-calibration
#2
Miriam Villamuelas, Emmanuel Serrano, Johan Espunyes, Néstor Fernández, Jorge R López-Olvera, Mathieu Garel, João Santos, María Ángeles Parra-Aguado, Maurizio Ramanzin, Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Andreu Colom-Cadena, Ignasi Marco, Santiago Lavín, Jordi Bartolomé, Elena Albanell
Optimal management of free-ranging herbivores requires the accurate assessment of an animal's nutritional status. For this purpose 'near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy' (NIRS) is very useful, especially when nutritional assessment is done through faecal indicators such as faecal nitrogen (FN). In order to perform an NIRS calibration, the default protocol recommends starting by generating an initial equation based on at least 50-75 samples from the given species. Although this protocol optimises prediction accuracy, it limits the use of NIRS with rare or endangered species where sample sizes are often small...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453534/vitamin-and-mineral-status-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Monica L Joustra, Isidor Minovic, Karin A M Janssens, Stephan J L Bakker, Judith G M Rosmalen
BACKGROUND: Many chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) patients (35-68%) use nutritional supplements, while it is unclear whether deficiencies in vitamins and minerals contribute to symptoms in these patients. Objectives were (1) to determine vitamin and mineral status in CFS and FMS patients as compared to healthy controls; (2) to investigate the association between vitamin and mineral status and clinical parameters, including symptom severity and quality of life; and (3) to determine the effect of supplementation on clinical parameters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449403/effects-of-malnutrition-on-treatment-related-morbidity-and-survival-of-children-with-cancer-in-nicaragua
#4
Allison K Pribnow, Roberta Ortiz, Luis Fulgencio Báez, Luvy Mendieta, Sandra Luna-Fineman
BACKGROUND: Most children with cancer live in resource-limited countries where malnutrition is often prevalent. We identified the relationship between malnutrition and treatment-related morbidity (TRM), abandonment of therapy, and survival of children with cancer in Nicaragua to better inform targeted nutritional interventions. PROCEDURE: We conducted a retrospective review of patients aged 6 months to 18 years with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), Wilms tumor, Hodgkin lymphoma, or Burkitt lymphoma (BL) who were treated between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2007 at Children's Hospital Manuel de Jesus Rivera in Managua, Nicaragua...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448460/assessing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-health-co-benefits-a-structured-review-of-lifestyle-related-climate-change-mitigation-strategies
#5
REVIEW
Vivian G M Quam, Joacim Rocklöv, Mikkel B M Quam, Rebekah A I Lucas
This is the first structured review to identify and summarize research on lifestyle choices that improve health and have the greatest potential to mitigate climate change. Two literature searches were conducted on: (1) active transport health co-benefits, and (2) dietary health co-benefits. Articles needed to quantify both greenhouse gas emissions and health or nutrition outcomes resulting from active transport or diet changes. A data extraction tool (PRISMA) was created for article selection and evaluation...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448277/long-term-consequences-of-obesity-on-female-fertility-and-the-health-of-the-offspring
#6
Suchitra Chandrasekaran, Genevieve Neal-Perry
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity has reached near epidemic levels among reproductive age women with a myriad of consequences. Obesity adversely affects the maternal milieu by creating conditions that decrease fertility and increase the risk of gestational diabetes, hypertensive disease in pregnancy, fetal growth abnormalities and congenital anomalies. The effects of obesity are not limited to pregnancy. Indeed, beyond the immediate postpartum period, obese women maintain a higher prevalence of insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease...
April 26, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448090/is-it-possible-using-handgrip-strength-instead-of-body-mass-index-in-mna-sf-test-to-assess-the-nutritional-status-of-geriatric-patients
#7
M C Kizilarslanoglu, M K Kilic, D Gokce, T Sakalar, Z Ulger
INTRODUCTION: In Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) test, a practical and reliable alternative parameter is still necessary for patients with difficult body mass index evaluation. We aimed to show whether or not handgrip strength may be used instead of body mass index (BMI) in MNA-SF test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MNA-SF test scores, calf circumferences (CC), handgrip strength (HGS), and BMI of 191 patients were evaluated. The first one of calculated MNA-SF tests was with BMI, the second one with CC, and the last one with HGS...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448088/individually-tailored-dietary-counseling-among-old-home-care-clients-effects-on-nutritional-status
#8
S Pölönen, M Tiihonen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of individually tailored dietary counseling on nutritional status among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample consisted of 224 home care clients (≥ 75 years) (intervention group, n = 127; control group, n = 100) who were at protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) or risk of PEM (MNA score <24 and plasma albumin <35 g/L)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447961/does-the-preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-predict-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-who-underwent-curative-resection
#9
Cem Emir Gu Ldogan, Erdinç Çetinkaya, Özgu R Akgu L, Mesut Tez
AIM: Malnutrition is a common and very important issue in colorectal cancer patients.The immunological and nutritional status of these patients have been reported to be correlated with the postoperative complications.The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is an effective and simple parameter, initially created to evaluate preoperative surgical risks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of PNI in patients with colorectal cancer who underwent surgery. METHODS: One hundred eighty patients who underwent curative colorectal resections for colorectal cancer were included in this retrospective study...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447856/evaluation-of-the-nutritional-changes-caused-by-huanglongbing-hlb-to-citrus-plants-using-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy
#10
Anielle Coelho Ranulfi, Renan Arnon Romano, Aida Bebeachibuli Magalhães, Ednaldo José Ferreira, Paulino Ribeiro Villas-Boas, Débora Marcondes Bastos Pereira Milori
Huanglongbing (HLB) is the most recent and destructive bacterial disease of citrus and has no cure yet. A promising alternative to conventional methods is to use laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), a multi-elemental analytical technique, to identify the nutritional changes provoked by the disease to the citrus leaves and associate the mineral composition profile with its health status. The leaves were collected from adult citrus trees and identified by visual inspection as healthy, HLB-symptomatic, and HLB-asymptomatic...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446178/inequality-in-unmet-dental-care-needs-among-south-korean-adults
#11
Nayoung Kim, Chang-Yup Kim, Hosung Shin
BACKGROUND: The current public health research agenda was to identify the means to reduce oral health inequalities internationally. The objectives of this study were to provide evidence of inequality in unmet dental needs and to find influencing factors attributable to those among South Korean adults. METHODS: Pooled cross-sectional data from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009) on 17,141 Korean adults were used. Demographic factors (sex, age, and marital status), socioeconomic factors (education level, employment status, and income level), need factors (normative dental needs and self-perceived oral health status), and oral health-related factors (the number of decayed teeth, the presence of periodontitis, and the number of missing teeth) were included...
April 26, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446144/association-of-physical-activity-and-appetite-with-visual-function-related-to-driving-competence-in-older-adults
#12
Takafumi Ando, Hiroyuki Sakai, Yuji Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: Older people are at greater risk of traffic accidents, partially because of age-related declines in visual function, including reduced useful field of view (UFOV). However, lifestyle factors which cause age-related decline in UFOV remain poorly understood. We conducted a study to investigate whether physical activity and appetite status were related to UFOV test performance in healthy older adults. METHODS: Thirty community-dwelling older people (age 68...
April 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446125/soluble-transferrin-receptor-as-a-marker-of-erythropoiesis-in-patients-undergoing-high-flux-hemodialysis
#13
Pei Yin, Jijun Li, Yan Song
Anemia is a common complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving hemodialysis. The effect of high-flux dialysis (HFD) on anemia remains unclear. This prospective study aimed to evaluate the effect of HFD on anemia, and the potential of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) as a marker of iron status and erythropoiesis in CKD patients on hemodialysis. Forty patients, who switched from conventional low-flux dialysis to HFD for 12 months, were enrolled in this study. The levels of sTfR, hemoglobin, iron, and nutritional markers, as well as the dose of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) and use of chalybeate were determined at 0, 2, 6, and 12 months after starting HFD...
April 27, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446118/motor-neurone-disease-progress-and-challenges
#14
Thanuja Dharmadasa, Robert D Henderson, Paul S Talman, Richard Al Macdonell, Susan Mathers, David W Schultz, Merrillee Needham, Margaret Zoing, Steve Vucic, Matthew C Kiernan
Major progress has been made over the past decade in the understanding of motor neurone disease (MND), changing the landscape of this complex disease. Through identifying positive prognostic factors, new evidence-based standards of care have been established that improve patient survival, reduce burden of disease for patients and their carers, and enhance quality of life. These factors include early management of respiratory dysfunction with non-invasive ventilation, maintenance of weight and nutritional status, as well as instigation of a multidisciplinary team including neurologists, general practitioners and allied health professionals...
May 1, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446028/impact-of-nutritional-supplementation-and-a-psychomotor-program-on-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Odete Vicente de Sousa, Rita Soares Guerra, Ana Sofia Sousa, Bebiana Pais Henriques, Anabela Pereira Monteiro, Teresa Freitas Amaral
This study aims to evaluate the impact of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) and a psychomotor rehabilitation program on nutritional and functional status of community-dwelling patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). A 21-day prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted and third intervention group performed a psychomotor rehabilitation program. Patients were followed up for 180 days. Mean (standard deviation) score of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) increased both in the nutritional supplementation group (NSG; n = 25), 0...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445494/maternal-perception-of-children-s-nutritional-status-in-the-federal-district-brazil
#16
Jéssica Pedroso, Natacha Toral, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
Maternal perception of child's nutritional status has a potential impact on the identification, prevention, and treatment of childhood overweight. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of misperception and factors associated with maternal perception of the nutritional status of first- to third-grade elementary school students from private schools in the Federal District, Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 554 mother-child pairs. Children's nutritional status was assessed by measuring their weight and height...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445440/micronutrient-status-among-pregnant-women-in-zinder-niger-and-risk-factors-associated-with-deficiency
#17
K Ryan Wessells, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Rebecca R Young, M Thierno Faye, Alex Brito, Sonja Y Hess
Anemia and micronutrient (MN) deficiencies in pregnant women are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Niger, 58.6% of pregnant women are anemic; however, MN statuses are unknown. The study objectives were to estimate the prevalence of MN deficiencies among pregnant women in Zinder, Niger and explore associated risk factors. Pregnant women living in randomly selected rural villages (n = 88) were included. Capillary and venous blood samples (n = 770) were analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc (pZn), retinol binding protein (RBP), folate and vitamin B12...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445108/manganese-provision-in-parenteral-nutrition-an-update
#18
Callum Livingstone
Manganese (Mn) is an essential micronutrient required for the activity of metalloenzymes. It is an essential component of parenteral nutrition (PN), but requirements are low. Mn status is difficult to assess, with the commonest method being measurement of its concentration in whole blood. This method has limitations, including artifactually high concentrations resulting from contamination of specimen tubes. Mn toxicity is a well-recognized complication of PN, the risk of which increases if there is cholestasis or if the patient has received high doses...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444059/-anthropometric-profile-of-children-in-accordance-with-the-structure-of-daycare-centers
#19
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza
The scope of this article is to evaluate the structure of public daycare centers and the anthropometric profile of children in the city of Campina Grande in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. It is a cross-sectional study that involved 793 children attended in daycare centers. Information to describe the daycare centers were included (structure related to the capacity of demand and the processing power of school meals, reception system of children, location area) and the anthropometric status of the children (Height/Age, Weight/Height)...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443373/association-between-women-s-empowerment-and-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-kalal%C3%A3-district-of-northern-benin
#20
Halimatou Alaofè, Min Zhu, Jennifer Burney, Rosamond Naylor, Taren Douglas
BACKGROUND: Evidence on effectiveness of women's empowerment (WE) to reduce undernutrition is limited in sub-Sahara Africa, and few studies incorporate multidimensional measures of WE. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a WE status, in sum and across leadership, decision-making, mobility, economic security, male involvement in housework, and nonfamily group domains, is associated with women and their children nutritional status in Kalalé district of northern Benin. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2014 Solar Market Garden baseline study: 767 paired reproductive-age women aged 15 to 49 years and children 6 to 59 months old...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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