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Fan-Ching Chien, Yang-Hong Dai, Chiung Wen Kuo, Peilin Chen
Flexible polymer nanopillar substrates were used to systematically demonstrate cell alignment and migration guided by the directional formation of focal adhesions. The polymer nanopillar substrates were constructed to various height specifications to provide an extensive variation of flexibility; a rectangular arrangement created spatial confinement between adjacent nanopillars, providing less spacing in the horizontal and vertical directions. Three polymer nanopillar substrates with the diameter of 400 nm and the heights of 400, 800, and 1200 nm were fabricated...
October 24, 2016: Nanotechnology
Zsófia Bérces, Kinga Tóth, Gergely Márton, Ildikó Pál, Bálint Kováts-Megyesi, Zoltán Fekete, István Ulbert, Anita Pongrácz
Neural interface technologies including recording and stimulation electrodes are currently in the early phase of clinical trials aiming to help patients with spinal cord injuries, degenerative disorders, strokes interrupting descending motor pathways, or limb amputations. Their lifetime is of key importance; however, it is limited by the foreign body response of the tissue causing the loss of neurons and a reactive astrogliosis around the implant surface. Improving the biocompatibility of implant surfaces, especially promoting neuronal attachment and regeneration is therefore essential...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Masaru Nakagawa, Akifumi Nakaya, Yasuto Hoshikawa, Shunya Ito, Nobuya Hiroshiba, Takashi Kyotani
Ultraviolet (UV) nanoimprint lithography is a promising nanofabrication technology with cost efficiency and high throughput for sub-20 nm size semiconductor, data storage, and optical devices. To test formability of organic resist mask patterns, we investigated whether the type of polymerizable di(meth)acrylate monomer affected the fabrication of cured resin nanopillars by UV nanoimprinting using molds with pores of around 20 nm. We used carbon-coated, porous, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) films prepared by electrochemical oxidation and thermal chemical vapor deposition as molds, because the pore diameter distribution in the range of 10-40 nm was suitable for combinatorial testing to investigate whether UV-curable resins comprising each monomer were filled into the mold recesses in UV nanoimprinting...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ilya Razdolski, Yiguo Chen, Alexander J Giles, Sandy Gewinner, Wieland Schöllkopf, Minghui Hong, Martin Wolf, Vincenzo Giannini, Joshua D Caldwell, Stefan A Maier, Alexander Paarmann
We report on strong enhancement of mid-infrared second harmonic generation (SHG) from SiC nanopillars due to the resonant excitation of localized surface phonon-polaritons within the Reststrahlen band. A strong dependence of the SHG enhancement upon the optical mode distribution was observed. One such mode, the monopole, exhibits an enhancement that is beyond what is anticipated from field localization and dispersion of the linear and nonlinear SiC optical properties. Comparing the results for the identical nanostructures made of 4H and 6H SiC polytypes, we demonstrate the interplay of localized surface phonon polaritons with zone-folded weak phonon modes of the anisotropic crystal...
October 21, 2016: Nano Letters
Ferdi Hizal, Chang-Hwan Choi, Henk J Busscher, Henny C Van der Mei
Nanostructured surfaces are extensively considered with respect to their potential impact on bacterial adhesion from aqueous suspensions or air, but in real-life bacteria are often transmitted between surfaces. Mechanistically, transmission involves detachment of adhering bacteria from a donor and adhesion to a receiver surface, controlled by the relative values of the adhesion forces exerted by both surfaces. We here relate staphylococcal adhesion, detachment and transmission to, from, and between smooth and nanopillared-Si surfaces with staphylococcal adhesion forces...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Priten Savaliya, Anuj Dhawan
Employing finite difference time domain simulations, we demonstrate that electromagnetic field enhancement is substantially greater for tapered optical fibers with plasmonic nanostructures present on their tips as compared with non-tapered optical fibers having those plasmonic nanostructures, or with tapered optical fibers without the plasmonic nanostructures. We also carried out fabrication of plasmonic nanostructures on optical fiber tips.
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Duy H K Nguyen, Vy T H Pham, Mohammad Al Kobaisi, Chris Bhadra, Anna Orlowska, Shahram Ghanaati, Berardo Mario Manzi, Vladimir A Baulin, Saulius Joudkazis, Peter Kingshott, Russell J Crawford, Elena P Ivanova
The protein adsorption of two human plasma proteins-albumin (Alb) and fibronectin (Fn)-onto synthetic nanostructured bactericidal material-black silicon (bSi) surfaces (that contain an array of nanopillars) and silicon wafer (nonstructured) surfaces-was investigated. The adsorption behavior of Alb and Fn onto two types of substrata was studied using a combination of complementary analytical techniques. A two-step Alb adsorption mechanism onto the bSi surface has been proposed. At low bulk concentrations (below 40 μg/mL), the Alb preferentially adsorbed at the base of the nanopillars...
October 10, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Atanu K Metya, Jayant K Singh, Florian Müller-Plathe
In this work, we address the nucleation behavior of a supercooled monatomic cylindrical water droplet on nanoscale textured surfaces using molecular dynamics simulations. The ice nucleation rate at 203 K on graphite based textured surfaces with nanoscale roughness is evaluated using the mean fast-passage time method. The simulation results show that the nucleation rate depends on the surface fraction as well as the wetting states. The nucleation rate enhances with increasing surface fraction for water in the Cassie-Baxter state, while contrary behavior is observed for the case of Wenzel state...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Wai Son Ko, Indrasen Bhattacharya, Thai-Truong D Tran, Kar Wei Ng, Stephen Adair Gerke, Connie Chang-Hasnain
Highly sensitive and fast photodetectors can enable low power, high bandwidth on-chip optical interconnects for silicon integrated electronics. III-V compound semiconductor direct-bandgap materials with high absorption coefficients are particularly promising for photodetection in energy-efficient optical links because of the potential to scale down the absorber size, and the resulting capacitance and dark current, while maintaining high quantum efficiency. We demonstrate a compact bipolar junction phototransistor with a high current gain (53...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yi-Chun Lai, Akio Higo, Takayuki Kiba, Cedric Thomas, Shula Chen, Chang Yong Lee, Tomoyuki Tanikawa, Shigeyuki Kuboya, Ryuji Katayama, Kanako Shojiki, Junichi Takayama, Ichiro Yamashita, Akihiro Murayama, Gou-Chung Chi, Peichen Yu, Seiji Samukawa
In this work, we demonstrate homogeneously distributed In0.3Ga0.7N/GaN quantum disks (QDs), with an average diameter below 10 nm and a high density of 2.1 × 10(11) cm(-2), embedded in 20 nm tall nanopillars. The scalable top-down fabrication process involves the use of self-assembled ferritin bio-templates as the etch mask, spin coated on top of a strained In0.3Ga0.7N/GaN single quantum well (SQW) structure, followed by a neutral beam etch (NBE) method. The small dimensions of the iron cores inside ferritin and nearly damage-free process enabled by the NBE jointly contribute to the observation of photoluminescence (PL) from strain-relaxed In0...
October 21, 2016: Nanotechnology
Liqing Song, Kai Wang, Yan Li, Yong Yang
Inefficient neural differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) motivates recent investigation of the influence of biophysical characteristics of cellular microenvironment, in particular nanotopography, on hiPSC fate decision. However, the roles of geometry and dimensions of nanotopography in neural lineage commitment of hiPSCs have not been well understood. The objective of this study is to delineate the effects of geometry, feature size and height of nanotopography on neuronal differentiation of hiPSCs...
August 24, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Liming Wang, Tao Liu, Shuguang Wang, Zhenyang Zhong, Quanjie Jia, Zuimin Jiang
Si-Si0.5Ge0.5/Mn0.08Ge0.92 core-shell nanopillar samples were fabricated on ordered Si nanopillar patterned substrates by molecular beam epitaxy at low temperatures. The magnetic properties of the samples are found to depend heavily on the growth temperature of the MnGe layer. The sample grown at a moderate temperature of 300 °C has the highest Curie temperature of 240 K as well as the strongest ferromagnetic signals. On the basis of the microstructural results, the ferromagnetic properties of the samples are believed to come from the intrinsic Mn-doped amorphous or crystalline Ge ferromagnetic phase rather than any intermetallic ferromagnetic compounds of Mn and Ge...
October 7, 2016: Nanotechnology
Hector I Areizaga-Martinez, Ivan Kravchenko, Nickolay V Lavrik, Michael J Sepaniak, Samuel P Hernández-Rivera, Marco A De Jesús
The fabrication of high-performance plasmonic nanomaterials for bio-sensing and trace chemical detection is a field of intense theoretical and experimental research. The use of metal-silicon nanopillar arrays as analytical sensors has been reported with reasonable results in recent years. The use of bio-inspired nanocomposite structures that follow the Fibonacci numerical architecture offers the opportunity to develop nanostructures with theoretically higher and more reproducible plasmonic fields over extended areas...
September 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
Jasper Foolen, Jau-Ye Shiu, Maria Mitsi, Yang Zhang, Christopher S Chen, Viola Vogel
Generating and maintaining gradients of cell density and extracellular matrix (ECM) components is a prerequisite for the development of functionality of healthy tissue. Therefore, gaining insights into the drivers of spatial organization of cells and the role of ECM during tissue morphogenesis is vital. In a 3D model system of tissue morphogenesis, a fibronectin-FRET sensor recently revealed the existence of two separate fibronectin populations with different conformations in microtissues, i.e. 'compact and adsorbed to collagen' versus 'extended and fibrillar' fibronectin that does not colocalize with the collagen scaffold...
2016: PloS One
Mahmoud A Mahmoud
Vertically aligned and well-separated 1D silver nanopillars (AgNPLs) are prepared on a large-area quartz surface using a robust colloidal chemical technique. Silver nanodisk (AgND) monolayers were first deposited on quartz using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique, and the presence of the substrate induced asymmetric chemical overgrowth of the AgNDs into AgNPLs. The height and diameter of the prepared AgNPLs were controlled by changing the rate of the overgrowth reaction. Chloride ions were used during overgrowth to etch the silver atoms that formed sharp features on the sides of the AgNDs and to limit growth in the lateral direction...
September 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
MinHo Yang, Seok Bok Hong, Jo Hee Yoon, Dong Seok Kim, Soon Woo Jeong, Dong Eun Yoo, Tae Jae Lee, Kyoung G Lee, Seok Jae Lee, Bong Gill Choi
Highly ordered and flexible nanopillar arrays have received considerable interest for many applications of electrochemical devices because of their unique mechanical and structural properties. Here, we report on highly ordered polyoxometalate (POM)-doped polypyrrole (Ppy) nanopillar arrays produced by soft lithography and subsequent electrodeposition. As-prepared POM-Ppy/nanopillar films show superior electrochemical performances for pseudocapacitor and enzymeless electrochemical sensor applications and good mechanical properties, which allowed them to be easily bent and twisted...
August 31, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lin Shi, Kai Wang, Yong Yang
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) shed from primary tumors, transport through the blood stream to distant sites, and cause 90% of cancer deaths. Although different techniques have been developed to isolate CTCs for cancer detection, diagnosis and treatment, the heterogeneity of expression of the target antigen and the significant size variance in CTCs limit clinical applications of antibody- and size-based isolation techniques. Cell adhesion using nanotopography has been suggested as a promising approach to isolate CTCs independent of surface marker expression or size of CTCs...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Weixing Song, Baoheng Gan, Tao Jiang, Yue Zhang, Aifang Yu, Hongtao Yuan, Ning Chen, Chunwen Sun, Zhong Lin Wang
A flexible and low-cost triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) based on a patterned aluminum-plastic film and an entrapped cantilever spring leaf is developed as a self-powered sensitive triboelectric sensor for sleep-body movement monitoring. The working mechanism and the impact factors of electric output performance were systematically investigated and elaborated. Due to the patterned nanostructures of the recently designed TENG, both the output voltage and current are greatly enhanced, and thereby the sensitivity of the device is significantly improved...
August 23, 2016: ACS Nano
Zhiqin Li, Yiqin Chen, Xupeng Zhu, Mengjie Zheng, Fengliang Dong, Peipei Chen, Lihua Xu, Weiguo Chu, Huigao Duan
Single-crystal silicon nanostructures have attracted much attention in recent years due in part to their unique optical properties. In this work, we demonstrate direct fabrication of single-crystal silicon nanotubes with sub-10 nm walls which show low reflectivity. The fabrication was based on a cryogenic inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching process using high-resolution hydrogen silsesquioxane nanostructures as the hard mask. Two main etching parameters including substrate low-frequency power and SF6/O2 flow rate ratio were investigated to determine the etching mechanism in the process...
September 9, 2016: Nanotechnology
Rosa Córdoba, Nidhi Sharma, Sebastian Kölling, Paul M Koenraad, Bert Koopmans
To increase the efficiency of current electronics, a specific challenge for the next generation of memory, sensing and logic devices is to find suitable strategies to move from two- to three-dimensional (3D) architectures. However, the creation of real 3D nano-objects is not trivial. Emerging non-conventional nanofabrication tools are required for this purpose. One attractive method is focused-electron-beam induced deposition (FEBID), a direct-write process of 3D nano-objects. Here, we grow 3D iron and cobalt nanopillars by FEBID using diiron nonacarbonyl Fe2(CO)9, and dicobalt octacarbonyl Co2(CO)8, respectively, as starting materials...
September 2, 2016: Nanotechnology
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