Read by QxMD icon Read


Ronggang Cai, Vlad-Andrei Antohe, Zhijun Hu, Bernard Nysten, Luc Piraux, Alain M Jonas
A nanopatterned hybrid layer is designed, wherein the electric polarization can be flipped at room temperature by a magnetic field aided by an electrical field. This is achieved by embedding ferromagnetic nanopillars in a continuous organic ferroelectric layer, and amplifying the magnetostriction-generated stress gradients by scaling down the supracrystalline cell of the material.
December 5, 2016: Advanced Materials
Ana L Hernández, Rafael Casquel, Miguel Holgado, Iñaki Cornago, Fátima Fernández, Paula Ciaurriz, Francisco J Sanza, Beatriz Santamaría, María V Maigler, María Fe Laguna
In our previous work we demonstrated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, the experimental capability of resonant nanopillars (R-NP) arrays as biochemical transducers. In this Letter, we provide evidence of the capability and suitability of R-NP arrays on a chip to function as label-free optical multiplexed biosensors. R-NP are based on Si<sub>3</sub>N<sub>4</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub> Bragg reflectors with a cavity of SiO<sub>2</sub>. In order to demonstrate the biosensing performance, R-NP were biofunctionalized by the immobilization of IgG antibodies acting as a bioreceptor...
December 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Jo Hee Yoon, Seok Bok Hong, Seok-Oh Yun, Seok Jae Lee, Tae Jae Lee, Kyoung G Lee, Bong Gill Choi
Flexible pH sensor technologies have attracted a great deal of attention in many applications, such as, wearable health care devices and monitors for chemical and biological processes. Here, we fabricated flexible and thin pH sensors using a two electrode configuration comprised of a polyaniline nanopillar (PAN) array working electrode and an Ag/AgCl reference electrode. In order to provide nanostructure, soft lithography using a polymeric blend was employed to create a flexible nanopillar backbone film. Polyaniline-sensing materials were deposited on a patterned-nanopillar array by electrochemical deposition...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Weitao Jiang, Biao Lei, Hongzhong Liu, Dong Niu, Tingting Zhao, Bangdao Chen, Lei Yin, Yongsheng Shi, Xiaokang Liu
Directional nanopillars with high-aspect-ratio have wide applications in home or industrial appliances and biomimetic robots. Their fabrication, however, is a challenge for conventional methods. In this study, we propose a simple stretching imprint process to prepare controllable directional (30°-90° in a slanted angle) nanopillars (200-800 nm in diameter) with high aspect ratio (>30) using a microcavity mold, beyond the conventional nanoimprint process, for 1 : 1 pattern transfer from the mold to the replica...
November 18, 2016: Nanoscale
Wei Li, Zhilin Feng, Enwen Dai, Jie Xu, Gang Bai
Here, a silicon nanopillar array (Si-NPA) was fabricated. It was studied as a room-temperature organic vapour sensor, and the ethanol and acetone gas sensing properties were detected with I-V curves. I-V curves show that these Si-NPA gas sensors are sensitive to ethanol and acetone organic vapours. The turn-on threshold voltage is about 0.5 V and the operating voltage is 3 V. With 1% ethanol gas vapour, the response time is 5 s, and the recovery time is 15 s. Furthermore, an evaluation of the gas sensor stability for Si-NPA was performed...
November 9, 2016: Sensors
Antonio Di Bartolomeo, Maurizio Passacantando, Gang Niu, Viktoria Schlykow, Grzegorz Lupina, Filippo Giubileo, Thomas Schroeder
We apply molecular beam epitaxy to grow GeSn-nanoparticles on top of Si-nanopillars patterned onto p-type Si wafers. We use x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to confirm a metallic behavior of the nanoparticle surface due to partial Sn segregation as well as the presence of a superficial Ge oxide. We report the observation of stable field emission (FE) current from the GeSn-nanoparticles, with turn on field of [Formula: see text] and field enhancement factor β ∼ 100 at anode-cathode distance of ∼0.6 μm...
November 2, 2016: Nanotechnology
Nikita Tretyakov, Periklis Papadopoulos, Doris Vollmer, Hans-Jürgen Butt, Burkhard Dünweg, Kostas Ch Daoulas
Classical density functional theory is applied to investigate the validity of a phenomenological force-balance description of the stability of the Cassie state of liquids on substrates with nanoscale corrugation. A bulk free-energy functional of third order in local density is combined with a square-gradient term, describing the liquid-vapor interface. The bulk free energy is parameterized to reproduce the liquid density and the compressibility of water. The square-gradient term is adjusted to model the width of the water-vapor interface...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Zibo Li, Yutong Wu, Jingjie Nan, Xiaoduo Tang, Junhu Zhang, Bai Yang
The degree of crumpling affects the optoelectronic properties of graphene, which are very important for the performance of graphene-based devices and materials. In this article, we report an approach to tune the formation of wrinkles on single-layer graphene (SLG) by silicon nanopillar (SNP) arrays. By using gold nanoparticles as an etching mask, SNP arrays with different heights could be prepared by tuning the duration of etching. The formation of wrinkles on these SNP arrays was studied systematically. We found that thermal treatment could lead to a wrapping behavior of graphene around SNP arrays, which was accompanied by the emergence of many more wrinkles...
November 25, 2016: Nanotechnology
Fan-Ching Chien, Yang-Hong Dai, Chiung Wen Kuo, Peilin Chen
Flexible polymer nanopillar substrates were used to systematically demonstrate cell alignment and migration guided by the directional formation of focal adhesions. The polymer nanopillar substrates were constructed to various height specifications to provide an extensive variation of flexibility; a rectangular arrangement created spatial confinement between adjacent nanopillars, providing less spacing in the horizontal and vertical directions. Three polymer nanopillar substrates with the diameter of 400 nm and the heights of 400, 800, and 1200 nm were fabricated...
October 24, 2016: Nanotechnology
Zsófia Bérces, Kinga Tóth, Gergely Márton, Ildikó Pál, Bálint Kováts-Megyesi, Zoltán Fekete, István Ulbert, Anita Pongrácz
Neural interface technologies including recording and stimulation electrodes are currently in the early phase of clinical trials aiming to help patients with spinal cord injuries, degenerative disorders, strokes interrupting descending motor pathways, or limb amputations. Their lifetime is of key importance; however, it is limited by the foreign body response of the tissue causing the loss of neurons and a reactive astrogliosis around the implant surface. Improving the biocompatibility of implant surfaces, especially promoting neuronal attachment and regeneration is therefore essential...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Masaru Nakagawa, Akifumi Nakaya, Yasuto Hoshikawa, Shunya Ito, Nobuya Hiroshiba, Takashi Kyotani
Ultraviolet (UV) nanoimprint lithography is a promising nanofabrication technology with cost efficiency and high throughput for sub-20 nm size semiconductor, data storage, and optical devices. To test formability of organic resist mask patterns, we investigated whether the type of polymerizable di(meth)acrylate monomer affected the fabrication of cured resin nanopillars by UV nanoimprinting using molds with pores of around 20 nm. We used carbon-coated, porous, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) films prepared by electrochemical oxidation and thermal chemical vapor deposition as molds, because the pore diameter distribution in the range of 10-40 nm was suitable for combinatorial testing to investigate whether UV-curable resins comprising each monomer were filled into the mold recesses in UV nanoimprinting...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ilya Razdolski, Yiguo Chen, Alexander J Giles, Sandy Gewinner, Wieland Schöllkopf, Minghui Hong, Martin Wolf, Vincenzo Giannini, Joshua D Caldwell, Stefan A Maier, Alexander Paarmann
We report on strong enhancement of mid-infrared second harmonic generation (SHG) from SiC nanopillars due to the resonant excitation of localized surface phonon-polaritons within the Reststrahlen band. A strong dependence of the SHG enhancement upon the optical mode distribution was observed. One such mode, the monopole, exhibits an enhancement that is beyond what is anticipated from field localization and dispersion of the linear and nonlinear SiC optical properties. Comparing the results for the identical nanostructures made of 4H and 6H SiC polytypes, we demonstrate the interplay of localized surface phonon polaritons with zone-folded weak phonon modes of the anisotropic crystal...
October 21, 2016: Nano Letters
Ferdi Hizal, Chang-Hwan Choi, Henk J Busscher, Henny C Van der Mei
Nanostructured surfaces are extensively considered with respect to their potential impact on bacterial adhesion from aqueous suspensions or air, but in real-life bacteria are often transmitted between surfaces. Mechanistically, transmission involves detachment of adhering bacteria from a donor and adhesion to a receiver surface, controlled by the relative values of the adhesion forces exerted by both surfaces. We here relate staphylococcal adhesion, detachment and transmission to, from, and between smooth and nanopillared-Si surfaces with staphylococcal adhesion forces...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Priten Savaliya, Anuj Dhawan
Employing finite difference time domain simulations, we demonstrate that electromagnetic field enhancement is substantially greater for tapered optical fibers with plasmonic nanostructures present on their tips as compared with non-tapered optical fibers having those plasmonic nanostructures, or with tapered optical fibers without the plasmonic nanostructures. We also carried out fabrication of plasmonic nanostructures on optical fiber tips.
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Duy H K Nguyen, Vy T H Pham, Mohammad Al Kobaisi, Chris Bhadra, Anna Orlowska, Shahram Ghanaati, Berardo Mario Manzi, Vladimir A Baulin, Saulius Joudkazis, Peter Kingshott, Russell J Crawford, Elena P Ivanova
The protein adsorption of two human plasma proteins-albumin (Alb) and fibronectin (Fn)-onto synthetic nanostructured bactericidal material-black silicon (bSi) surfaces (that contain an array of nanopillars) and silicon wafer (nonstructured) surfaces-was investigated. The adsorption behavior of Alb and Fn onto two types of substrata was studied using a combination of complementary analytical techniques. A two-step Alb adsorption mechanism onto the bSi surface has been proposed. At low bulk concentrations (below 40 μg/mL), the Alb preferentially adsorbed at the base of the nanopillars...
October 10, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Atanu K Metya, Jayant K Singh, Florian Müller-Plathe
In this work, we address the nucleation behavior of a supercooled monatomic cylindrical water droplet on nanoscale textured surfaces using molecular dynamics simulations. The ice nucleation rate at 203 K on graphite based textured surfaces with nanoscale roughness is evaluated using the mean fast-passage time method. The simulation results show that the nucleation rate depends on the surface fraction as well as the wetting states. The nucleation rate enhances with increasing surface fraction for water in the Cassie-Baxter state, while contrary behavior is observed for the case of Wenzel state...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Wai Son Ko, Indrasen Bhattacharya, Thai-Truong D Tran, Kar Wei Ng, Stephen Adair Gerke, Connie Chang-Hasnain
Highly sensitive and fast photodetectors can enable low power, high bandwidth on-chip optical interconnects for silicon integrated electronics. III-V compound semiconductor direct-bandgap materials with high absorption coefficients are particularly promising for photodetection in energy-efficient optical links because of the potential to scale down the absorber size, and the resulting capacitance and dark current, while maintaining high quantum efficiency. We demonstrate a compact bipolar junction phototransistor with a high current gain (53...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yi-Chun Lai, Akio Higo, Takayuki Kiba, Cedric Thomas, Shula Chen, Chang Yong Lee, Tomoyuki Tanikawa, Shigeyuki Kuboya, Ryuji Katayama, Kanako Shojiki, Junichi Takayama, Ichiro Yamashita, Akihiro Murayama, Gou-Chung Chi, Peichen Yu, Seiji Samukawa
In this work, we demonstrate homogeneously distributed In0.3Ga0.7N/GaN quantum disks (QDs), with an average diameter below 10 nm and a high density of 2.1 × 10(11) cm(-2), embedded in 20 nm tall nanopillars. The scalable top-down fabrication process involves the use of self-assembled ferritin bio-templates as the etch mask, spin coated on top of a strained In0.3Ga0.7N/GaN single quantum well (SQW) structure, followed by a neutral beam etch (NBE) method. The small dimensions of the iron cores inside ferritin and nearly damage-free process enabled by the NBE jointly contribute to the observation of photoluminescence (PL) from strain-relaxed In0...
October 21, 2016: Nanotechnology
Liqing Song, Kai Wang, Yan Li, Yong Yang
Inefficient neural differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) motivates recent investigation of the influence of biophysical characteristics of cellular microenvironment, in particular nanotopography, on hiPSC fate decision. However, the roles of geometry and dimensions of nanotopography in neural lineage commitment of hiPSCs have not been well understood. The objective of this study is to delineate the effects of geometry, feature size and height of nanotopography on neuronal differentiation of hiPSCs...
August 24, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Liming Wang, Tao Liu, Shuguang Wang, Zhenyang Zhong, Quanjie Jia, Zuimin Jiang
Si-Si0.5Ge0.5/Mn0.08Ge0.92 core-shell nanopillar samples were fabricated on ordered Si nanopillar patterned substrates by molecular beam epitaxy at low temperatures. The magnetic properties of the samples are found to depend heavily on the growth temperature of the MnGe layer. The sample grown at a moderate temperature of 300 °C has the highest Curie temperature of 240 K as well as the strongest ferromagnetic signals. On the basis of the microstructural results, the ferromagnetic properties of the samples are believed to come from the intrinsic Mn-doped amorphous or crystalline Ge ferromagnetic phase rather than any intermetallic ferromagnetic compounds of Mn and Ge...
October 7, 2016: Nanotechnology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"