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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683812/current-trends-in-aortic-root-surgery-the-mini-bentall-approach
#1
Djamila Abjigitova, Georgia Panagopoulos, Oleg Orlov, Vishal Shah, Konstadinos A Plestis
OBJECTIVE: The mini-sternotomy approach is becoming a widespread technique for aortic valve surgery. However, its safety for aortic root replacement has yet to be established. The aim of the present study was to compare the operative outcomes of patients who underwent aortic root replacement via upper mini-sternotomy (mini-Bentall) to patients who underwent Bentall procedure via median sternotomy (full-sternotomy Bentall). METHODS: Between November 1998 and November 2016, 91 consecutive patients underwent full-sternotomy Bentall procedure and 26 patients underwent mini-Bentall procedure...
April 20, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682773/mortality-data-from-the-european-adrenal-insufficiency-registry-patient-characterization-and-associations
#2
Marcus Quinkler, Bertil Ekman, Pinggao Zhang, Andrea M Isidori, Robert D Murray
OBJECTIVE: Mortality from primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency (AI; PAI and SAI, respectively) is 2-3-fold higher than in the general population. Mortality relates to cardiovascular disease, acute adrenal crisis (AC), cancer and infections; however, there has been little further characterization of patients who have died. DESIGN/METHODS: We analysed real-world data from 2034 patients (801 PAI, 1233 SAI) in the European Adrenal Insufficiency Registry (EU-AIR; NCT01661387)...
April 22, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682370/fatal-pneumococcus-sepsis-after-treatment-of-late-antibody-mediated-kidney-graft-rejection
#3
Gunilla Einecke, Jan Hinrich Bräsen, Nils Hanke, Hermann Haller, Anke Schwarz
Antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) is a major cause of late renal allograft dysfunction and graft loss. Risks and benefits of treatment of late ABMR have not been evaluated in randomized clinical trials. We report on a 35-year-old patient with deterioration in renal function and progressive proteinuria 15 years after transplantation. Recurrent infections after a splenectomy following traumatic splenic rupture 3 years earlier had led to reduction of immunosuppression. Renal transplant biopsy showed glomerular double contours, 40% fibrosis/tubular atrophy, peritubular capillaritis, and positive C4d staining indicating chronic-active ABMR...
2018: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682347/prevalence-of-microalbuminuria-in-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-eastern-saudi-arabia
#4
Ahmed M Alkhunaizi, Adil A Al-Khatti, Mansour A Alkhunaizi
Background: Proteinuria is a common feature of sickle cell nephropathy (SCN) that can progress to renal insufficiency and end stage renal disease. Microalbuminuria (MA) is the earliest manifestation of SCN and precedes the development of overt proteinuria. In addition to the renal consequences, MA is linked to cardiovascular complications. Periodic screening and early detection of MA allow early intervention that may reduce the risk of progression to advanced renal failure and cardiovascular diseases...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679123/-wide-awake-hand-surgery-based-on-application-examples
#5
P Kaiser, M Keller, J Dörler, G Schmidle
OBJECTIVE: Anesthesiologic method with low bleeding level, risk level, and complication rate for surgical procedures on the hand without a tourniquet on an unsedated patient with the possibility for functional testing during surgery. INDICATIONS: Surgical procedures of the hand can be carried out using the wide awake technique depending on the patient's suitability and preference considering individual risk factors. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Absolute contraindications are allergies to the local anesthetic or its components...
April 20, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678433/clinical-outcomes-of-adult-patients-who-receive-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-postcardiotomy-cardiogenic-shock-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Liangshan Wang, Hong Wang, Xiaotong Hou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of adult patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCS). DESIGN: Meta-analysis of 20 observational studies. SETTING: Hospitals that perform cardiac surgery. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 2,877 PCS patients undergoing ECMO from 20 observational studies. INTERVENTIONS: ECMO use. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Twenty observational studies were selected for final analysis...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674316/activation-of-renal-clc-k-chloride-channels-depends-on-an-intact-n-terminus-of-their-accessory-subunit-barttin
#7
Daniel Wojciechowski, Stefan Thiemann, Christina Schaal, Alina Rahtz, Jeanne de la Roche, Birgit Begemann, Toni Becher, Martin Fischer
ClC-K channels belong to the CLC family of chloride channels and chloride/proton antiporters. They contribute to sodium chloride reabsorption in Henle's loop of the kidney and to potassium secretion into the endolymph by the stria vascularis of the inner ear. Their accessory subunit barttin stabilizes the ClC-K/barttin complex, promotes its insertion into the surface membrane, and turns the pore-forming subunits into a conductive state. Barttin mutations cause Bartter syndrome type IV, a salt wasting nephropathy with sensorineural deafness...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673811/endovascular-aortic-repair-follow-up-protocol-based-on-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-is-safe-and-effective
#8
Emiliano Chisci, Linda Harris, Azzurra Guidotti, Angelica Pecchioli, Clara Pigozzi, Enrico Barbanti, Leonardo Ercolini, Stefano Michelagnoli
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define the safety and effectiveness of a contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) based follow up for endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) surveillance at a mid-term period (4 years). METHODS: At the tertiary referral centre EVAR surveillance was based on plain abdominal radiograph and duplex ultrasound (CDU), with computed tomography angiography (CTA) reserved for any non-diagnostic imaging during the period 1999-2011 (Group A)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672307/extended-sessions-of-polymyxin-b-immobilized-fiber-column-hemoperfusion-ameliorate-renal-outcome-and-mortality-in-septic-shock-with-acute-kidney-injury
#9
Hiroshi Maekawa, Kousuke Negishi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Polymyxin-B (PMX) treatment has been reported to decrease mortality in patients with septic shock and acute kidney injury (AKI). In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether extended sessions of PMX (Ext-PMX) immobilized fiber column hemoperfusion ameliorate clinical outcomes in patients complicated with septic shock and AKI without surgical control. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with nonsurgical septic shock and AKI who received PMX were included...
April 19, 2018: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671215/a-patient-presenting-with-isolated-hematuria-and-renal-dysfunction-as-rare-manifestation-of-cryoglobulinemic-glomerulonephritis-in-the-course-of-autoimmune-diseases-including-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#10
Masaki Yamanaka, Yoshihide Fujigaki, Hajime Kono, Michito Nagura, Shigeyuki Arai, Yoshifuru Tamura, Tatsuru Ota, Shigeru Shibata, Fukuo Kondo, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Shunya Uchida
Autoimmune diseases are sometimes associated with immune-mediated renal diseases and cryoglobulinemia is one of the causes. Cryoglobulinemia and cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis associated with primary Sjögren's syndrome are most frequent condition among non-hepatitis C virus-related condition. Its typical renal manifestation shows high amount of proteinuria with microscopic hematuria and renal insufficiency. We describe a case of 72-year-old woman with Hashimoto disease, autoimmune hepatitis, Sjögren's syndrome, and immune-related pancytopenia complicated by cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis...
April 18, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671035/-prognostic-relevance-of-tissue-oxygen-saturation-in-patients-in-the-early-stage-of-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome
#11
D Huster, F Härtel, S Nuding, J Schroeder, Y Zhang, K Werdan, H Ebelt
BACKGROUND: Patients in circulatory shock exhibit insufficient peripheral perfusion to ensure adequate oxygenation of vital organs such as the heart and brain. Early detection of reduced tissue oxygen saturation (St O2 ) could be used for rapid therapeutic intervention and thus improve the prognosis of patients in the early stage of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients in the early stage of MODS (APACHE [Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation] II score ≥20) were investigated in a monocentric, prospective, randomized phase II study...
April 18, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669946/pravastatin-therapy-during-preeclampsia-prevents-long-term-adverse-health-effects-in-mice
#12
Nicola Garrett, Joaquim Pombo, Michelle Umpierrez, James E Clark, Mark Simmons, Guillermina Girardi
Preeclampsia (PE), associates with long-term increased risk for cardiovascular disease in women, suggesting that PE is not an isolated disease of pregnancy. It is not known if increased risk for long-term diseases is due to PE-specific factors or to prepregnancy renal and cardiovascular risk factors. We used a mouse model in which a WT female with normal prepregnancy health develops PE to investigate if preeclampsia causes long-term cardiovascular consequences after pregnancy for mothers and offspring. Mothers exhibited endothelial dysfunction and hypertension after PE and had glomerular injury that not only persisted but deteriorated, leading to fibrosis...
April 19, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669701/crizotinib-in-patients-with-advanced-inoperable-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumours-with-and-without-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-gene-alterations-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-90101-create-a-multicentre-single-drug-prospective-non
#13
Patrick Schöffski, Jozef Sufliarsky, Hans Gelderblom, Jean-Yves Blay, Sandra J Strauss, Silvia Stacchiotti, Piotr Rutkowski, Lars H Lindner, Michael G Leahy, Antoine Italiano, Nicolas Isambert, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Raf Sciot, Thomas Van Cann, Sandrine Marréaud, Axelle Nzokirantevye, Sandra Collette, Agnieszka Wozniak
BACKGROUND: An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterised by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements. We assessed the activity and safety of crizotinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, targeting ALK in patients with advanced IMFT either with or without ALK alterations. METHODS: We did a multicentre, biomarker-driven, single-drug, non-randomised, open-label, two-stage phase 2 trial (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 90101 CREATE) at 13 study sites (five university hospitals and eight specialty clinics) in eight European countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, and the UK)...
April 12, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668402/retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-versus-radical-nephrectomy-for-clinical-t1-renal-hilar-tumor-comparison-of-perioperative-characteristics-and-short-term-functional-and-oncologic-outcomes
#14
Chuance Yang, Zhenlong Wang, Shanlong Huang, Li Xue, Delai Fu, Tie Chong
PURPOSE: To present our single-center experience with retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for T1 renal hilar tumors and evaluate which one is better. METHODS: A retrospective review of 63 patients with hilar tumors undergoing retroperitoneal LPN or LRN was performed. The perioperative characteristics, change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from baseline to month 3, and oncologic outcomes were summarized...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668068/epidemiology-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-invasive-aspergillosis-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-in-the-swiss-transplant-cohort-study
#15
D Neofytos, O Chatzis, D Nasioudis, E Boely Janke, T Doco Lecompte, C Garzoni, C Berger, A Cussini, K Boggian, N Khanna, O Manuel, N J Mueller, C van Delden
BACKGROUND: There is lack of recent multicenter epidemiological data on invasive aspergillosis (IA) among solid organ transplant recipient (SOTr) in the mold-acting antifungal era. We describe the epidemiology and outcomes of IA in a contemporary cohort of SOTr using the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study. METHODS: All consecutive SOTr with proven or probable IA between 01.05.2008 and 31.12.2014 were included. A case-control study to identify IA predictors was performed: 1-case was matched with 3-controls based on SOT type, transplant center, and time post-SOT...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666905/balloon-occluded-carbon-dioxide-gas-angiography-for-internal-iliac-arteriography-and-intervention
#16
Mitsuhiro Kishino, Shuichiro Nakaminato, Yoshio Kitazume, Naoyuki Miyasaka, Toshifumi Kudo, Yukihisa Saida, Ukihide Tateishi
INTRODUCTION: The usefulness of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) gas digital subtraction angiography (DSA) has been reported for patients with renal insufficiency and allergy to iodinated contrast agents. However, CO2 gas cannot replace the iodinated contrast agent in all cases owing to some disadvantages. We describe balloon-occluded CO2 DSA (B-CO2 DSA) as an improved CO2 DSA procedure for interventions in the internal iliac artery (IIA) region and compare the quality of images obtained using conventional CO2 DSA and B-CO2 DSA...
April 17, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664506/continuous-venovenous-hemofiltration-in-neonates-with-hyperammonemia-a-case-series
#17
Felipe Cavagnaro Santa María, Jorge Roque Espinosa, Pamela Guerra Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal hyperammonemia secondary due to inborn errors of metabolism is a rare condition with a high rate of neurological sequelae and mortality. Initial medical management is often insufficient to stop the progressive increase of ammonia, with the consequent deterioration of the patient. For this reason, depurative techniques have been implemented, including peritoneal dialysis, intermittent hemodialysis and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with continuous extracorporeal dialysis in severely ill neonates with hyperammonemia...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663995/-risk-factors-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-critical-ill-patients
#18
Jianyu Fu, Hongying Bi, Yunsong Xia, Hui Fang, Xu Liu, Yan Tang, Difen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical features of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, and to explore the correlation between the routine detection index and the new-onset AF and to find out risk factors for new AF in critically ill patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. The patients with AF admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from March 2016 to June 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into new-onset AF group and past-existed AF group according to their past history of AF (including persistent AF, paroxysmal AF or permanent AF)...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662747/nutritional-insufficiency-as-a-predictor-for-adverse-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#19
Kevin Phan, Jun S Kim, Joshua Xu, John Di Capua, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Khushdeep S Vig, James Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objective: The effect of malnutrition on outcomes after general surgery has been well reported in the literature. However, there is a paucity of data on the effect of malnutrition on postoperative complications during adult deformity surgery. The study attempts to explore and quantify the association between hypoalbuminemia and postoperative complications. Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database from 2010 to 2014...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662328/hyporeninemic-hypoaldosteronism-in-a-patient-with-diabetes-mellitus-an-unforgettable-case-report
#20
Naziha Chelaghma, Samson O Oyibo
A 58-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of chronic and intermittent hyperkalemia requiring recurrent attendances to the emergency department for urgent treatment. His medical history included secondary diabetes mellitus following a bout of acute pancreatitis and a previous splenectomy for a spontaneous splenic rupture. He also had a history of prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for back pain and painful neuropathy. He was not on any medication or diet that would cause a raised serum potassium level and his renal function was normal...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
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