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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447400/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-superficial-fungal-foot-infection-in-thai-naval-rating-cadets
#1
Punyawee Ongsri, Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Charussri Leeyaphan, Penvadee Pattanaprichakul, Pattachee Ongmahutmongkol, Chulaluk Komoltri, Kanokvalai Kulthanan
Background: Superficial fungal foot infection is one of the most important dermatological diseases currently affecting military personnel. Many Thai naval rating cadets are found to suffer from superficial fungal foot infections and their sequels. Objective: To investigate prevalence, potent risk factors, responding pathogens and clinical correlation of superficial fungal foot infection in Thai naval rating cadets training in Naval rating school, Sattahip, Thailand...
February 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440469/air-drop-blood-supply-in-the-french-army
#2
Olivier Javaudin, A Baillon, N Varin, C Martinaud, T Pouget, C Civadier, B Clavier, A Sailliol
BACKGROUND: Haemorrhagic shock remains the leading cause of preventable death in overseas and austere settings. Transfusion of blood components is critical in the management of this kind of injury. For French naval and ground military units, this supply often takes too long considering the short shelf-life of red blood cell concentrates (RBCs) and the limited duration of transport in cooling containers (five to six days). Air-drop supply could be an alternative to overcome these difficulties on the condition that air-drop does not cause damage to blood units...
February 12, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434334/toxicity-management-after-chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-therapy-one-size-does-not-fit-all
#3
Sattva S Neelapu, Sudhakar Tummala, Partow Kebriaei, William Wierda, Frederick L Locke, Yi Lin, Nitin Jain, Naval Daver, Alison M Gulbis, Sherry Adkins, Katayoun Rezvani, Patrick Hwu, Elizabeth J Shpall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434062/glucose-tolerance-insulin-secretion-sensitivity-characteristics-in-indian-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-pilot-study
#4
Vandana Jain, Santosh Kumar, Naval K Vikram, Mani Kalaivani, Surya Prakash Bhatt, Rajni Sharma, Kumar Kabra Sushil
Background & objectives: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-limiting genetic condition resulting in chronic respiratory infections, pancreatic enzyme insufficiency and associated complications. This pilot study was undertaken to assess the glucose tolerance and insulin secretion and sensitivity among Indian children with CF. Methods: Children with CF under regular follow up at the Paediatric Pulmonology Clinic of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India, were enrolled...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433889/psychiatric-disease-in-surgically-treated-colorectal-cancer-patients
#5
Vanessa P Ho, Emily Steinhagen, Kelsey Angell, Suparna M Navale, Nicholas K Schiltz, Andrew P Reimer, Elizabeth A Madigan, Siran M Koroukian
BACKGROUND: Underlying psychiatric conditions may affect outcomes of surgical treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC) because of complex clinical presentation and treatment considerations. We hypothesized that patients with psychiatric illness (PSYCH) would have evidence of advanced disease at presentation, as manifested by higher rates of colorectal surgery performed in the presence of obstruction, perforation, and/or peritonitis (OPP-surgery). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from the 2007-2011 National Inpatient Sample, we identified patients with a diagnosis of CRC undergoing colorectal surgery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425345/recurrent-central-serous-retinopathy-with-permanent-visual-loss-in-a-u-s-naval-fighter-pilot
#6
Ryan R Richmond, Matthew Rings
Central serous retinopathy (CSR) is a disease process that involves accumulation of serous fluid within the macular retina. This fluid accumulation can temporarily or permanently disrupt vision and in many patients is often a recurrent problem. This case describes recurrent CSR in an experienced U.S. Naval F/A-18 fighter pilot. The patient had been troubled by recurrent CSR for several years which required him to be removed from a flying status. After several episodes and treatment with laser photocoagulation and finasteride, the patient's vision and disease process stabilized, but with permanent defective visual acuity in the right eye...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401337/skills-decay-in-military-medical-training-a-meta-synthesis-of-research-outcomes
#7
Amber S Linde, Jona Caridha, Kevin J Kunkler
Background: In fiscal year 2012, the Medical Simulation and Information Sciences Research Program released two Skills Decay (SD) research program announcements (PAs) under the Medical Readiness Initiative entitled "Medical Practice Initiative Breadth of Medical Practice & Disease Frequency Exposure (MPI-BMP)" and the "Medical Practice Initiative Procedural Skill Decay and Maintenance (MPI-PSD)." The Office of Naval Research also released a PA entitled "Medical Modeling and Simulation (MM&S) for Military Training and Education...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386705/crew-awareness-as-key-to-optimizing-habitability-standards-onboard-naval-platforms-a-back-to-basics-approach
#8
Anand Neelakantan, Mookkiah Ilankumaran, Sougat Ray
Background: A healthy habitable environment onboard warships is vital to operational fleet efficiency and fit sea-warrier force. Unique man-machine-armament interface issues and consequent constraints on habitability necessitate a multi-disciplinary approach toward optimizing habitability standards. Study of the basic 'human factor', including crew awareness on what determines shipboard habitability, and its association with habitation specifications is an essential step in such an approach...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369810/effect-of-melissa-officinalis-capsule-on-the-mental-health-of-female-adolescents-with-premenstrual-syndrome-a-clinical-trial-study
#9
Naval Heydari, Mansure Dehghani, Maasumeh Emamghoreishi, Marzieh Akbarzadeh
Introduction In spite of its importance, the psychological health requirements of adolescents are ignored; due to the occurrence of mental disorders in this age group and also public interest in the use of supplementary and alternative treatments such as herbal drugs for mental disorders, this study was carried out aimed at examining the impact of the Melissa officinalis capsule on the psychological health of female adolescents. Methodology In this randomized clinical trial study, 100 female adolescents were assigned to two groups of either drug and placebo groups...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365191/vape-and-aviate-electronic-cigarette-use-and-misuse-in-naval-aviation
#10
Matthew T Hall, Ryan P Austin, Tai A Do, Andrea McGlynn
Electronic cigarettes (EC) are an emerging form of nicotine replacement that has had a discernible increase in prevalence in the general population. Little is known regarding EC use among different military demographic groups or the extent of influence that social determinants of health may have on the behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of EC use in a select population of active duty U.S. Naval personnel. This study is unique in that it allows for EC behavior comparison between a traditionally healthy demographic (aviators, a subset of aircrew) and a representative general military population sample...
January 20, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363997/utilizing-fibrin-alginate-and-matrigel-alginate-for-mouse-follicle-development-in-three-dimensional-culture-systems
#11
Seyedeh Zeynab Sadr, Roya Fatehi, Saman Maroufizadeh, Christiani Andrade Amorim, Bita Ebrahimi
In vitro culture of ovarian follicles is a new technique in reproductive technology, which helps in understanding the process of folliculogenesis. The in vitro culture of follicles could be carried out using three-dimensional (3D) natural scaffolds that mimic the ovarian tissue stroma. Selection of the right matrix and culture media in these scaffolds could increase the survival and maturation of the follicles. In this work, the applicability of matrigel-alginate (MA) and fibrin-alginate (FA) 3D scaffolds for folliculogenesis was assessed...
January 24, 2018: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352703/inotuzumab-ozogamicin-in-combination-with-low-intensity-chemotherapy-for-older-patients-with-philadelphia-chromosome-negative-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-a-single-arm-phase-2-study
#12
Hagop Kantarjian, Farhad Ravandi, Nicholas J Short, Xuelin Huang, Nitin Jain, Koji Sasaki, Naval Daver, Naveen Pemmaraju, Joseph D Khoury, Jeffrey Jorgensen, Yesid Alvarado, Marina Konopleva, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Tapan Kadia, Musa Yilmaz, Gautam Bortakhur, Jan Burger, Steven Kornblau, William Wierda, Courtney DiNardo, Alessandra Ferrajoli, Jovitta Jacob, Rebecca Garris, Susan O'Brien, Elias Jabbour
BACKGROUND: Inotuzumab ozogamicin, an anti-CD22 monoclonal antibody bound to a toxin, calicheamicin, has shown single-agent activity in relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. We aimed to assess the activity and safety of inotuzumab ozogamicin in combination with low-intensity chemotherapy in older patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. METHODS: We did a single-arm, phase 2 study at the MD Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, TX, USA). Eligible patients were aged 60 years or older and had newly diagnosed, Philadelphia chromosome-negative, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 3 or lower...
January 15, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338567/outcomes-with-lower-intensity-therapy-in-tp53-mutated-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#13
Prajwal Boddu, Hagop Kantarjian, Farhad Ravandi, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Gautam Borthakur, Michael Andreeff, Elias J Jabbour, Christopher B Benton, Courtney D DiNardo, Marina Konopleva, Naval Daver, Keyur Patel, Koichi Takahashi, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, Jorge Cortes, Tapan Kadia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327390/from-intramolecular-circular-in-an-isolated-molecule-to-intermolecular-hole-delocalization-in-a-two-dimensional-solid-state-assembly-the-case-of-pillarene
#14
Maxim Ivanov, Denan Wang, Tushar Navale, Sergey Lindeman, Rajendra Rathore
To achieve long-range charge transport/separation and, in turn, bolster the efficiency of modern photovoltaic devices, new molecular scaffolds are needed that can self-assemble in two-dimensional (2D) arrays while maintaining both intra- and inter-molecular electronic coupling. In an isolated molecule of pillarene, a single hole delocalizes intramolecularly via hopping amongst the circularly arrayed hydroquinone ether rings. The crystallization of pillarene cation radical produces a 2D self-assembly with three intermolecular dimeric (sandwich-like) contacts...
January 11, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296796/co-occurrence-of-flt3-tkd-and-npm1-mutations-defines-a-highly-favorable-prognostic-aml-group
#15
Prajwal Boddu, Hagop Kantarjian, Gautam Borthakur, Tapan Kadia, Naval Daver, Sherry Pierce, Michael Andreeff, Farhad Ravandi, Jorge Cortes, Steven M Kornblau
Although FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) confer an adverse prognosis, co-occurrence with a nucleophosphomin (NPM1) mutation partially improves response and survival outcomes. In contrast, simultaneous NPM1 and FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) mutations were reported to improve response over that of an isolated NPM1 mutation in one as yet unverified report. To validate this, we explored the impact of the co-occurrence of FLT3-TKD and NPM1 mutations on clinical outcomes...
August 22, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296774/treated-secondary-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-distinct-high-risk-subset-of-aml-with-adverse-prognosis
#16
Prajwal Boddu, Hagop M Kantarjian, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Farhad Ravandi, Srdan Verstovsek, Elias Jabbour, Gautam Borthakur, Marina Konopleva, Kapil N Bhalla, Naval Daver, Courtney D DiNardo, Christopher B Benton, Koichi Takahashi, Zeev Estrov, Sherry R Pierce, Michael Andreeff, Jorge E Cortes, Tapan M Kadia
Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (s-AML) includes therapy-related AML and AML evolving from antecedent hematological disorder (AHD). s-AML arising after treating AHD likely represents a prognostically distinct, high-risk disease category. In this study, treated s-AML (ts-AML) was defined by: (1) prior diagnosis of myelodysplasia, myeloproliferative neoplasm, or aplastic anemia and (2) at least 1 therapy for that diagnosis. ts-AML was categorized by age (< or ≥60 years), and each cohort assessed for response rates and overall survival (OS) on various treatment regimens...
July 25, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281197/smoking-cessation-program-among-naval-diver-trainees-in-the-republic-of-singapore-navy
#17
Jake Jk Goh
BACKGROUND: Since 2016, the Naval Diving Unit (NDU) of the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) has instituted a smoking cessation trial program for their trainees, instituting a blanket ban on smoking during training hours in order to promote smoking cessation and create a smoke-free culture among its servicemen. For the rest of RSN personnel, they would attend a more costly, established Health Promotion Board (HPB) smoking cessation program, which employs social support strategies, while they undergo basic training in the Navy Military Experts Institute (NMI)...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274988/anaerobic-biodegradation-of-biofuels-and-their-impact-on-the-corrosion-of-a-cu-ni-alloy-in-marine-environments
#18
Renxing Liang, Egemen Aydin, Sylvie Le Borgne, Jan Sunner, Kathleen E Duncan, Joseph M Suflita
Fuel biodegradation linked to sulfate reduction can lead to corrosion of the metallic infrastructure in a variety of marine environments. However, the biological stability of emerging biofuels and their potential impact on copper-nickel alloys commonly used in marine systems has not been well documented. Two potential naval biofuels (Camelina-JP5 and Fisher-Tropsch-F76) and their petroleum-derived counterparts (JP5 and F76) were critically assessed in seawater/sediment incubations containing a metal coupon (70/30 Cu-Ni alloy)...
December 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260646/epidemiology-of-campylobacter-infections-among-children-in-egypt
#19
Rebecca Sainato, Atef ElGendy, Frédéric Poly, Janelle Kuroiwa, Patricia Guerry, Mark S Riddle, Chad K Porter
Campylobacter is a frequently isolated bacterial pathogen among children with diarrhea. Data are lacking on the distribution and spectrum of disease associated with Campylobacter species and Campylobacter jejuni capsular polysaccharide (CPS) types. This information is essential because current vaccine research seeks to target specific CPS types. An effective CPS-conjugate vaccine will need to cover CPS types that are both common and associated with severe disease. The US Naval Medical Research Unit-3 conducted several prospective cohort studies researching diarrheal disease in Egypt from 1995 to 2003...
December 18, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248092/exploring-drivers-of-infant-deaths-in-rural-rwanda-through-verbal-social-autopsy
#20
Shalini Navale, Lameck Habumugisha, Cheryl Amoroso, Felix Sayinzoga, Neil Gupta, Lisa R Hirschhorn
BACKGROUND: Rwanda has been a leader in the global effort to reduce infant mortality, particularly in regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Although rates have dropped, deaths still occur. OBJECTIVE: To explore the care pathways and barriers taken by infant caregivers before the death of their infant through a verbal social autopsy study in 2 districts in eastern Rwanda. METHODS: We adapted the World Health Organization verbal socialautopsy tools to reflect local context and priorities...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
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