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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904792/current-concepts-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-compressive-issues
#1
Michael J Mullaney, Takumi Fukunaga
Patellofemoral disorders, commonly encountered in sports and orthopedic rehabilitation settings, may result from dysfunction in patellofemoral joint compression. Osseous and soft tissue factors, as well as the mechanical interaction of the two, contribute to increased patellofemoral compression and pain. Treatment of patellofemoral compressive issues is based on identification of contributory impairments. Use of reliable tests and measures is essential in detecting impairments in hip flexor, quadriceps, iliotibial band, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius flexibility, as well as in joint mobility, myofascial restrictions, and proximal muscle weakness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898220/intensive-care-physiotherapy-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#2
Laveena Munshi, Tadahiro Kobayashi, Julian DeBacker, Ravi Doobay, Teagan Telesnicki, Vincent Lo, Nathalie Cote, Marcelo Cypel, Shaf Keshavjee, Niall D Ferguson, Eddy Fan
RATIONALE: There are limited data on physiotherapy during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize physiotherapy delivered to ARDS patients supported with ECMO, and to evaluate the association of this therapeutic modality with mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all adult ARDS patients supported with ECMO at our institution from 2010-2015...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897677/cognitive-training-in-the-elderly-bottlenecks-and-new-avenues
#3
Nahid Zokaei, Christopher MacKellar, Giedrė Čepukaitytė, Eva Zita Patai, Anna Christina Nobre
Development of measures to preserve cognitive function or even reverse cognitive decline in the ever-growing elderly population is the focus of many research and commercial efforts. One such measure gaining in popularity is the development of computer-based interventions that "exercise" cognitive functions. Computer-based cognitive training has the potential to be specific and flexible, accommodates feedback, and is highly accessible. As in most budding fields, there are still considerable inconsistencies across methodologies and results, as well as a lack of consensus on a comprehensive assessment protocol...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866827/nucleoprotein-supplementation-enhances-the-recovery-of-rat-soleus-mass-with-reloading-after-hindlimb-unloading-induced-atrophy-via-myonuclei-accretion-and-increased-protein-synthesis
#4
Ryosuke Nakanishi, Yusuke Hirayama, Minoru Tanaka, Noriaki Maeshige, Hiroyo Kondo, Akihiko Ishihara, Roland R Roy, Hidemi Fujino
Hindlimb unloading results in muscle atrophy and a period of reloading has been shown to partially recover the lost muscle mass. Two of the mechanisms involved in this recovery of muscle mass are the activation of protein synthesis pathways and an increase in myonuclei number. The additional myonuclei are provided by satellite cells that are activated by the mechanical stress associated with the reloading of the muscles and eventually incorporated into the muscle fibers. Amino acid supplementation with exercise also can increase skeletal muscle mass through enhancement of protein synthesis and nucleotide supplements can promote cell cycle activity...
October 23, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857275/the-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-care-team-and-the-role-of-physical-therapy-in-survivor-exercise
#5
Margaret L McNeely, Naomi Dolgoy, Mona Onazi, Kirsten Suderman
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation professionals offer expertise in functional assessment, treatment of impairments and functional limitations, and disability prevention. To optimize recovery, and often prior to participating in community-based exercise programming, survivors may need rehabilitation services from a range of healthcare professionals, including physiatrists, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, and speech, occupational, and physical therapists. OBJECTIVES: Survivors with physical impairments and functional limitations may benefit from interdisciplinary rehabilitation and physical therapy, including tailored therapeutic exercise interventions...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834612/the-effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-improving-voluntary-activation-of-the-quadriceps-a-critically-appraised-topic
#6
Cody B Bremner, William R Holcomb, Christopher D Brown, Melanie E Perreault
: Clinical Scenario: Orthopedic knee conditions are regularly treated in sports medicine clinics. Rehabilitation protocols for these conditions are often designed to address the associated quadriceps strength deficits. Despite these efforts, patients with orthopedic knee conditions often fail to completely regain their quadriceps strength. Disinhibitory modalities have recently been suggested as a clinical tool that can be used to counteract the negative effects of arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI), which is believed to limit the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817910/sugars-exercise-and-health
#7
REVIEW
Roberto Codella, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
BACKGROUND: There is a direct link between a variety of addictions and mood states to which exercise could be relieving. Sugar addiction has been recently counted as another binge/compulsive/addictive eating behavior, differently induced, leading to a high-significant health problem. Regularly exercising at moderate intensity has been shown to efficiently and positively impact upon physiological imbalances caused by several morbid conditions, including affective disorders. Even in a wider set of physchiatric diseases, physical exercise has been prescribed as a complementary therapeutic strategy...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817849/-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-women
#8
M Ghannem, L Ghannem, S Lamouchi, K D Justin, P Meimoun, L Ghannem
Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs later in life in women when compared to men (10 years later). The FAST-MI study has shown that the profile of women with CAD has changed in the past 15 years, they are younger, more obese, and usually smokers. Whatever the age at which CAD occurs in women, the prognosis tends to be worse than in men, despite a higher frequency of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with angiographically normal coronary arteries in women. In women without significant lesion at coronary angiography, the WISE study has shown abnormalities of the coronary vasomotricy...
November 3, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792221/successful-treatment-of-groin-pain-syndrome-in-a-pole-vault-athlete-with-core-stability-exercise-a-case-report
#9
Antonio Dello Iacono, Nicola Maffulli, Lior Laver, Johnny Padulo
CONTEXT: The purpose of this case report is to present a case of groin pain in a pole vault athlete describing the biomechanical features of the injury`s mechanism, acute medical management, and its successful rehabilitation. CASE REPORT: A 22 years old professional pole-vaulter sustained an injury during a regular training session. The athlete reported significant left lower abdominal and left proximal adductor discomfort in all activities, including basic trunk motion when moving in bed, sit to stand, and walking, and was unable to return to the regular training...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757288/corrected-error-video-versus-a-physical-therapist-instructed-home-exercise-program-accuracy-of-performing-therapeutic-shoulder-exercises
#10
David J Berkoff, Kamesh Krishnamurthy, Jennifer Hopp, Laura Stanley, Ken Spores, David Braunreiter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The accurate performance of physical therapy exercises can be difficult. In this evolving healthcare climate it is important to continually look for better methods to educate patients. The use of handouts, in-person demonstration, and video instruction are all potential avenues used to teach proper exercise form. The purpose of this study was to examine if a corrected error video (CEV) would be as effective as a single visit with a physical therapist (PT) to teach healthy subjects how to properly perform four different shoulder rehabilitation exercises...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747393/exercise-effects-in-huntington-disease
#11
Sebastian Frese, Jens A Petersen, Maria Ligon-Auer, Sandro Manuel Mueller, Violeta Mihaylova, Saskia M Gehrig, Veronika Kana, Elisabeth J Rushing, Evelyn Unterburger, Georg Kägi, Jean-Marc Burgunder, Marco Toigo, Hans H Jung
Huntington disease (HD) is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder with symptoms across a wide range of neurological domains, including cognitive and motor dysfunction. There is still no causative treatment for HD but environmental factors such as passive lifestyle may modulate disease onset and progression. In humans, multidisciplinary rehabilitation has a positive impact on cognitive functions. However, a specific role for exercise as a component of an environmental enrichment effect has been difficult to demonstrate...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733650/a-randomized-single-blinded-pilot-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-kinesiology-taping-and-the-tape-application-techniques-in-addition-to-therapeutic-exercises-in-the-treatment-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#12
Esra Giray, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Basak Mansiz-Kaplan, Duygu Tokgoz, Ozun Bayindir, Onder Kayhan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of kinesiology taping and different types of application techniques of kinesiology taping in addition to therapeutic exercises in the treatment of congenital muscular torticollis. DESIGN: Prospective, single blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: An outpatient rehabilitation clinic in a tertiary university hospital. SUBJECTS: Infants with congenital muscular torticollis aged 3-12 months...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728987/pathophysiology-assessment-and-management-of-multiple-sclerosis-fatigue-an-update
#13
Mariarosa Rottoli, Sara La Gioia, Barbara Frigeni, Valeria Barcella
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis, affecting almost 80% of patients with 55% of them reporting it as one of the worst symptoms experienced, often independently of the level of disability. Areas covered: We review the main pathophysiological hypothesis, fatigue assessment scales, and its management. Expert commentary: Fatigue pathophysiology is complex and is often influenced by other secondary but relevant factors (e.g. psychological disturbances, musculoskeletal problems, sleep disorders and medication side effects) which may vary over time...
October 11, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676832/contribution-of-therapeutic-education-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-preliminary-results
#14
Wafa Haj Hamad, Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Marwa Maraoui, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic education is an integral part of the management of knee osteoarthritis to acquire or to maintain skills allowing patients to manage their lives better. The aim of our study is to assess the contribution of therapeutic education in the management of knee osteoarthritis. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a randomized prospective study on patients with knee OA referred to the department of Physical Therapy of Mahdia since January 2016. Patients were divided into 3 groups...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676804/management-of-neuropathic-central-pain-by-non-invasive-brain-stimulation-and-mirror-therapy
#15
Yann Le Déan, Benjamin Brissebrat, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Xavier De Boissezon, Philippe Marque
OBJECTIVE: Central neuropathic pain is common among neurological patients. Drug therapy has high pharmacoresistance and some GABAergic agents can be detrimental to the recovery process. Alternative therapies include neuromodulation techniques, such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and motor imagery techniques with mirror therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate their effectiveness in clinical practice on central neuropathic pain. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients followed in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department of Rangueil University Hospital were included...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636923/-pulmonary-rehabilitation-as-an-effective-method-for-optimizing-therapeutic-and-preventive-measures-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-concurrent-with-metabolic-syndrome
#16
A V Budnevsky, Ya V Isaeva, E Yu Malysh, S A Kozhevnikova
AIM: to evaluate the impact of a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) cycle based on patient education, smoking cessation, physical exercises, and balanced nutrition in addition to standard therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD in patients with this condition. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 70 patients (27 (38.6%) women and 43 (61.4%) men) aged 18 to 60 years (mean age, 48.31±0.64 years) with moderate COPD in remission concurrent with MS were examined. The comprehensive examination of the patients encompassed assessment of clinical, instrumental, and laboratory findings at baseline and 12 months...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616992/a-comparative-analysis-of-2d-and-3d-tasks-for-virtual-reality-therapies-based-on-robotic-assisted-neurorehabilitation-for-post-stroke-patients
#17
Luis D Lledó, Jorge A Díez, Arturo Bertomeu-Motos, Santiago Ezquerro, Francisco J Badesa, José M Sabater-Navarro, Nicolás García-Aracil
Post-stroke neurorehabilitation based on virtual therapies are performed completing repetitive exercises shown in visual electronic devices, whose content represents imaginary or daily life tasks. Currently, there are two ways of visualization of these task. 3D virtual environments are used to get a three dimensional space that represents the real world with a high level of detail, whose realism is determinated by the resolucion and fidelity of the objects of the task. Furthermore, 2D virtual environments are used to represent the tasks with a low degree of realism using techniques of bidimensional graphics...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610553/improving-exercise-performance-with-an-accelerometer-based-smartphone-app-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Daniel C Bittel, Adam J Bittel, Christine Williams, Ashraf Elazzazi
OBJECTIVE: Proper exercise form is critical for the safety and efficacy of therapeutic exercise. This research examines if a novel smartphone application, designed to monitor and provide real-time corrections during resistance training, can reduce performance errors and elicit a motor learning response. DESIGN: Forty-two participants aged 18 to 65 years were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. Both groups were tested for the number of movement errors made during a 10-repetition set completed at baseline, immediately after, and 1 to 2 weeks after a single training session of knee extensions...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606267/the-effect-of-an-upper-limb-rehabilitation-robot-on-hemispatial-neglect-in-stroke-patients
#19
Yoon Sik Choi, Kyeong Woo Lee, Jong Hwa Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Gyu Tae Park, Sook Joung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of an upper limb rehabilitation robot therapy on hemispatial neglect in stroke patients. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into an upper limb rehabilitation robot treatment group (robot group) and a control group. The patients in the robot group received left upper limb training using an upper limb rehabilitation robot. The patients sat on the right side of the robot, so that the monitor of the robot was located on the patients' left side...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597545/impact-of-exercise-and-a-complex-environment-on-hippocampal-dendritic-morphology-bdnf-gene-expression-and-dna-methylation-in-male-rat-pups-neonatally-exposed-to-alcohol
#20
K E Boschen, S E McKeown, T L Roth, A Y Klintsova
Alcohol exposure in utero can result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrums Disorders (FASD). Measures of hippocampal neuroplasticity, including long-term potentiation, synaptic and dendritic organization, and adult neurogenesis, are consistently disrupted in rodent models of FASD. The current study investigated whether third trimester-equivalent binge-like alcohol exposure (AE) [postnatal days (PD) 4-9] affects dendritic morphology of immature dentate gyrus granule cells, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf) gene expression and DNA methylation in hippocampal tissue in adult male rats...
September 6, 2016: Developmental Neurobiology
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