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Therapeutic exercises, rehabilitation

David J Berkoff, Kamesh Krishnamurthy, Jennifer Hopp, Laura Stanley, Ken Spores, David Braunreiter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The accurate performance of physical therapy exercises can be difficult. In this evolving healthcare climate it is important to continually look for better methods to educate patients. The use of handouts, in-person demonstration, and video instruction are all potential avenues used to teach proper exercise form. The purpose of this study was to examine if a corrected error video (CEV) would be as effective as a single visit with a physical therapist (PT) to teach healthy subjects how to properly perform four different shoulder rehabilitation exercises...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Sebastian Frese, Jens A Petersen, Maria Ligon-Auer, Sandro Manuel Mueller, Violeta Mihaylova, Saskia M Gehrig, Veronika Kana, Elisabeth J Rushing, Evelyn Unterburger, Georg Kägi, Jean-Marc Burgunder, Marco Toigo, Hans H Jung
Huntington disease (HD) is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder with symptoms across a wide range of neurological domains, including cognitive and motor dysfunction. There is still no causative treatment for HD but environmental factors such as passive lifestyle may modulate disease onset and progression. In humans, multidisciplinary rehabilitation has a positive impact on cognitive functions. However, a specific role for exercise as a component of an environmental enrichment effect has been difficult to demonstrate...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Esra Giray, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Basak Mansiz-Kaplan, Duygu Tokgoz, Ozun Bayindir, Onder Kayhan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of kinesiology taping and different types of application techniques of kinesiology taping in addition to therapeutic exercises in the treatment of congenital muscular torticollis. DESIGN: Prospective, single blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: An outpatient rehabilitation clinic in a tertiary university hospital. SUBJECTS: Infants with congenital muscular torticollis aged 3-12 months...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Mariarosa Rottoli, Sara La Gioia, Barbara Frigeni, Valeria Barcella
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis, affecting almost 80% of patients with 55% of them reporting it as one of the worst symptoms experienced, often independently of the level of disability. Areas covered: We review the main pathophysiological hypothesis, fatigue assessment scales, and its management. Expert commentary: Fatigue pathophysiology is complex and is often influenced by other secondary but relevant factors (e.g. psychological disturbances, musculoskeletal problems, sleep disorders and medication side effects) which may vary over time...
October 11, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Wafa Haj Hamad, Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Marwa Maraoui, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic education is an integral part of the management of knee osteoarthritis to acquire or to maintain skills allowing patients to manage their lives better. The aim of our study is to assess the contribution of therapeutic education in the management of knee osteoarthritis. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a randomized prospective study on patients with knee OA referred to the department of Physical Therapy of Mahdia since January 2016. Patients were divided into 3 groups...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Yann Le Déan, Benjamin Brissebrat, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Xavier De Boissezon, Philippe Marque
OBJECTIVE: Central neuropathic pain is common among neurological patients. Drug therapy has high pharmacoresistance and some GABAergic agents can be detrimental to the recovery process. Alternative therapies include neuromodulation techniques, such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and motor imagery techniques with mirror therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate their effectiveness in clinical practice on central neuropathic pain. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients followed in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department of Rangueil University Hospital were included...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
A V Budnevsky, Ya V Isaeva, E Yu Malysh, S A Kozhevnikova
AIM: to evaluate the impact of a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) cycle based on patient education, smoking cessation, physical exercises, and balanced nutrition in addition to standard therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD in patients with this condition. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 70 patients (27 (38.6%) women and 43 (61.4%) men) aged 18 to 60 years (mean age, 48.31±0.64 years) with moderate COPD in remission concurrent with MS were examined. The comprehensive examination of the patients encompassed assessment of clinical, instrumental, and laboratory findings at baseline and 12 months...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Luis D Lledó, Jorge A Díez, Arturo Bertomeu-Motos, Santiago Ezquerro, Francisco J Badesa, José M Sabater-Navarro, Nicolás García-Aracil
Post-stroke neurorehabilitation based on virtual therapies are performed completing repetitive exercises shown in visual electronic devices, whose content represents imaginary or daily life tasks. Currently, there are two ways of visualization of these task. 3D virtual environments are used to get a three dimensional space that represents the real world with a high level of detail, whose realism is determinated by the resolucion and fidelity of the objects of the task. Furthermore, 2D virtual environments are used to represent the tasks with a low degree of realism using techniques of bidimensional graphics...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Daniel C Bittel, Adam J Bittel, Christine Williams, Ashraf Elazzazi
OBJECTIVE: Proper exercise form is critical for the safety and efficacy of therapeutic exercise. This research examines if a novel smartphone application, designed to monitor and provide real-time corrections during resistance training, can reduce performance errors and elicit a motor learning response. DESIGN: Forty-two participants aged 18 to 65 years were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. Both groups were tested for the number of movement errors made during a 10-repetition set completed at baseline, immediately after, and 1 to 2 weeks after a single training session of knee extensions...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Yoon Sik Choi, Kyeong Woo Lee, Jong Hwa Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Gyu Tae Park, Sook Joung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of an upper limb rehabilitation robot therapy on hemispatial neglect in stroke patients. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into an upper limb rehabilitation robot treatment group (robot group) and a control group. The patients in the robot group received left upper limb training using an upper limb rehabilitation robot. The patients sat on the right side of the robot, so that the monitor of the robot was located on the patients' left side...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
K E Boschen, S E McKeown, T L Roth, A Y Klintsova
Alcohol exposure in utero can result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrums Disorders (FASD). Measures of hippocampal neuroplasticity, including long-term potentiation, synaptic and dendritic organization, and adult neurogenesis, are consistently disrupted in rodent models of FASD. The current study investigated whether third trimester-equivalent binge-like alcohol exposure (AE) [postnatal days (PD) 4-9] affects dendritic morphology of immature dentate gyrus granule cells, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf) gene expression and DNA methylation in hippocampal tissue in adult male rats...
September 6, 2016: Developmental Neurobiology
Alana Elza Fontes Da Gama, Thiago Menezes Chaves, Lucas Silva Figueiredo, Adriana Baltar, Ma Meng, Nassir Navab, Veronica Teichrieb, Pascal Fallavollita
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Interactive systems for rehabilitation have been widely investigated for motivational purposes. However, more attention should be given to the manner in which user movements are recognized and categorized. This paper aims to evaluate the efficacy of using a clinically-related gesture recognition tool, based on the international biomechanical standards (ISB) for the reporting of human joint motion, for the development of an interactive augmented reality (AR) rehabilitation system -mirrARbilitation...
October 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Melanie E Cusso, Kenneth J Donald, Tien K Khoo
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder that is associated with both motor and non-motor symptoms (NMS). The management of PD is primarily via pharmaceutical treatment; however, non-pharmaceutical interventions have become increasingly recognized in the management of motor and NMS. In this review, the efficacy of physical activity, including physiotherapy and occupational therapy, as an intervention in NMS will be assessed. The papers were extracted between the 20th and 22nd of June 2016 from PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Ovid, SportsDiscuss, and Scopus using the MeSH search terms "Parkinson's," "Parkinson," and "Parkinsonism" in conjunction with "exercise," "physical activity," "physiotherapy," "occupational therapy," "physical therapy," "rehabilitation," "dance," and "martial arts...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
Rebecca Shisler Marshall, Bijoyaa Mohapatra
PURPOSE: While integrative treatment practices have become a popular treatment in different areas of study, its use in the field of aphasiology is still limited. The following paper is an attempt to address the different alternative practices that could potentially be used to remediate aphasia. METHOD: A narrative review was completed regarding integrative intervention that could potentially apply to aphasia population. RESULTS: Through this article we have explored various treatment options for integrative health care in aphasiology...
August 27, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Vivien P Nichols, Esther Williamson, Francine Toye, Sarah E Lamb
PURPOSE: This study explores the experience of participants taking part in a hand exercise programme for people with rheumatoid arthritis with a focus on adherence. The exercise programme was tested in a randomised controlled trial. This parallel qualitative study will inform future implementation into clinical practice. METHOD: Twenty-seven semi-structured interviews from 14 participants were undertaken at two time points (4 and 12 months after randomisation). We collected data of participants' experiences over time...
August 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Hagit Berdishevsky, Victoria Ashley Lebel, Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Manuel Rigo, Andrea Lebel, Axel Hennes, Michele Romano, Marianna Białek, Andrzej M'hango, Tony Betts, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Jacek Durmala
In recent decades, there has been a call for change among all stakeholders involved in scoliosis management. Parents of children with scoliosis have complained about the so-called "wait and see" approach that far too many doctors use when evaluating children's scoliosis curves between 10° and 25°. Observation, Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercises (PSSE) and bracing for idiopathic scoliosis during growth are all therapeutic interventions accepted by the 2011 International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT)...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Ricky Watari, Dylan Kobsar, Angkoon Phinyomark, Sean Osis, Reed Ferber
BACKGROUND: Not all patients with patellofemoral pain exhibit successful outcomes following exercise therapy. Thus, the ability to identify patellofemoral pain subgroups related to treatment response is important for the development of optimal therapeutic strategies to improve rehabilitation outcomes. The purpose of this study was to use baseline running gait kinematic and clinical outcome variables to classify patellofemoral pain patients on treatment response retrospectively. METHODS: Forty-one individuals with patellofemoral pain that underwent a 6-week exercise intervention program were sub-grouped as treatment Responders (n=28) and Non-responders (n=13) based on self-reported measures of pain and function...
October 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
André Nyberg, João Carvalho, Kim-Ly Bui, Didier Saey, François Maltais
Even though chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is primarily a disease of the respiratory system, limb muscle dysfunction characterized by muscle weakness, reduced muscle endurance and higher muscle fatigability, is a common secondary consequence and a major systemic manifestation of the disease. Muscle dysfunction is especially relevant in COPD because it is related to important clinical outcomes such as mortality, quality of life and exercise intolerance, independently of lung function impairment...
August 10, 2016: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
T N Zaripova, L V Zhilyakova, Z P Bulanova
UNLABELLED: The importance of the development of the new methods for the rehabilitation of the patients presenting with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease under conditions of the spa and health resort-based treatment arises from the high prevalence and the progressive character of this disease, poor quality of the patients' life, great economic losses due to the reduction of the working capacity of the patients, and the high cost of COPD treatment. AIM: The objective of the present study was to substantiate the advisability of inclusion of high-frequency intrapulmonary ventilation in the program of the therapeutic and rehabilitative treatment of the patients with COPD based at a spa and health resort facility...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Jiamei Shen, Mitchell Huber, Ethan Y Zhao, Changya Peng, Fengwu Li, Xiaorong Li, Xiaokun Geng, Yuchuan Ding
INTRODUCTION: Although physical exercise has emerged as a potential therapeutic modality for functional deficits following ischemic stroke, the extent of this effect appears to be contingent upon the time of exercise initiation. In the present study, we assessed how exercise timing affected brain damage through hyperglycolysis-associated NADPH oxidase (NOX) activation. METHODS: Using an intraluminal filament, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2h and assigned to one non-exercise and three exercise groups...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
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