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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906737/achilles-tendon-loading-during-weight-bearing-exercises
#1
Naghmeh Gheidi, Thomas W Kernozek, John D Willson, Andrew Revak, Keith Diers
OBJECTIVE: Compare the estimated Achilles tendon (AT) loading using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed weight bearing therapeutic exercises. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. SETTING: University biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen healthy males (Age:22.1 ± 1.8 years, height:177.7 ± 8.4 cm, weight = 74.29 ± 11.3 kg). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): AT loading was estimated during eleven exercises: tandem, Romberg, and unilateral standing, unilateral and bilateral heel raising, unilateral and bilateral jump landing, squat, lunge, walking, and running...
May 10, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887681/effect-of-add-on-yoga-on-cognitive-functions-among-substance-abusers-in-a-residential-therapeutic-center-randomized-comparative-study
#2
Ananda Gaihre, Sasidharan K Rajesh
Background: Chronic vulnerability characterizes substance abuse disorder with consequent relapse. The process of abstinence depends on cognitive recovery. Hence, behavioral intervention should account for cognitive dimension of substance abusers. Recent studies highlight yoga-based intervention as a promising add-on therapy for treating and preventing addictive behaviors. Purpose: The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a yoga-based intervention as an add-on in enhancing cognitive functions, compared with physical exercise to newly admitted substance abusers seeking an inpatient treatment program...
April 2018: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789415/acute-effects-of-different-types-of-resistance-training-on-cardiac-autonomic-modulation-in-copd
#3
Franciele M Vanderlei, Fernando Zandonadi, Fabiano Franciso de Lima, Bruna S A Silva, Ana Paula C F Freire, Dionei Ramos, Ercy Mara C Ramos
BACKGROUND: An exercise modality that has been gaining significant importance in the rehabilitation of subjects with COPD is resistance training. When considering that patients with COPD present alterations in autonomic cardiac modulation caused by the disease itself, it is necessary to investigate the behavior of the autonomic nervous system in relation to this type of exercise. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare the acute effects of resistance training with elastic tubes, elastic bands, and conventional weightlifitng on the behavior of cardiac autonomic modulation in post-exercise recovery in subjects with COPD...
May 22, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788321/presentation-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-and-rehabilitative-intervention-following-esophagectomy-a-systematic-review
#4
A Kaneoka, S Yang, H Inokuchi, R Ueha, H Yamashita, T Nito, Y Seto, N Haga
No study has systematically reviewed the evidence on presentation of oropharyngeal dysphagia and swallowing rehabilitation following esophagectomy. The purposes of this systematic review are to 1) qualitatively synthesize the current findings on oropharyngeal swallowing abnormalities identified by instrumental swallowing evaluations, 2) describe the reported health-related outcomes in relation to swallowing abnormality following esophagectomy, and 3) examine the efficacy of reported rehabilitative interventions for oropharyngeal dysphagia in patients who underwent esophagectomy...
May 21, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783205/individual-approach-to-the-treatment-of-obese-copd-patients-can-reduce-anthropometric-indicators-the-level-of-systemic-inflammation-and-improve-the-quality-of-life
#5
Lesia V Savchenko, Igor P Kaidashev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obesity are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and according to current estimates, the global burden of these conditions will be even greater. The basis for COPD treatment is bronchodilator therapy and non-pharmacotherapy approaches, such as respiratory rehabilitation and dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of lifestyle modification on anthropometric indices, markers of systemic inflammation, quality of life in patients with COPD and obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772185/therapies-for-mobility-disability-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Jessica F Baird, Brian M Sandroff, Robert W Motl
Mobility disability is one of the most widespread and impactful consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS). Disease modifying drugs (DMDs) may delay the progression of disability over time; however, there is minimal evidence supporting the efficacy of DMDs for reversing mobility disability or restoring ambulatory function in persons with MS. Areas covered: This review outlines symptomatic pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapeutic approaches that target mobility disability with the goal of restoring and improving walking function...
May 17, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771855/does-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-ankle-instability-improve-patients-self-assessed-functional-outcomes-a-network-meta-analysis
#7
Konstantinos Tsikopoulos, Dimitris Mavridis, Dimitrios Georgiannos, Haris S Vasiliadis
BACKGROUND: Although there are many nonsurgical treatment options for the primary management of chronic ankle instability, the most effective nonoperative intervention has not been defined. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to perform a network meta-analysis to compare the results of different standalone and/or combined nonsurgical interventions on chronic ankle instability as measured by (1) the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) at 0 to 6 months after treatment and (2) treatment-related complications...
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764393/telerehabilitation-versus-traditional-centre-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Narelle S Cox, Christine F McDonald, Jennifer A Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O'Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck, Hayley Crute, Pawel Czupryn, Amanda Nichols, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis, largely due to limited availability of services and difficulties associated with travel and transport. The Rehabilitation Exercise At Home (REAcH) study is an assessor-blinded, multi-centre, randomised controlled equivalence trial designed to compare the efficacy of home-based telerehabilitation and traditional centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation in people with chronic respiratory disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757824/improvements-in-key-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-variables-following-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#9
Dejana Popovic, Nikhil Kumar, Sundeep Chaudhry, Akshay Bagai, Ross Arena, Naresh Kumar
PURPOSE: Improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak) post-cardiac rehabilitation (post-CR) are used to gauge therapeutic efficacy. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of supervised CR on other cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) variables, specifically those that reflect ventilatory efficiency and VO2 changes in relation to changes in work rate (WR). METHODS: Patients (n = 142; mean age 63 ± 9 y; 23% female) with coronary artery disease (CAD) participated in supervised CR for 3 to 6 mo completing 60 ± 17 sessions (range: 32-96 sessions), with intensity derived from the baseline CPX...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752826/post-polio-syndrome-and-the-late-effects-of-poliomyelitis-part-2-treatment-management-and-prognosis
#10
REVIEW
Julian K Lo, Lawrence R Robinson
Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) is characterized by new muscle weakness and/or muscle fatigability that occurs many years following the initial poliomyelitis illness. An individualized approach to rehabilitation management is critical. Interventions may include rehabilitation management strategies, adaptive equipment, orthotic equipment, gait/mobility aids and a variety of therapeutic exercises. The progression of muscle weakness in PPS is typically slow and gradual; however, there is also variability in both the natural history of weakness and functional prognosis...
May 12, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725348/dynamic-neuro-cognitive-imagery-improves-mental-imagery-ability-disease-severity-and-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Amit Abraham, Ariel Hart, Isaac Andrade, Madeleine E Hackney
People with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience kinesthetic deficits, which affect motor and nonmotor functions, including mental imagery. Imagery training is a recommended, yet underresearched, approach in PD rehabilitation. Dynamic Neuro-Cognitive Imagery (DNI™) is a codified method for imagery training. Twenty subjects with idiopathic PD (Hoehn and Yahr stages I-III) were randomly allocated into DNI training (experimental; n = 10) or in-home learning and exercise program (control; n = 10). Both groups completed at least 16 hours of training within two weeks...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721510/evaluation-of-skeletal-muscle-function-and-effects-of-early-rehabilitation-during-acute-heart-failure-rationale-and-study-design
#12
Kinga Węgrzynowska-Teodorczyk, Agnieszka Siennicka, Krystian Josiak, Robert Zymliński, Monika Kasztura, Waldemar Banasiak, Piotr Ponikowski, Marek Woźniewski
Background: Acute heart failure (AHF) is associated with disturbances of the peripheral perfusion leading to the dysfunction of many organs. Consequently, an episode of AHF constitutes a "multiple organ failure" which may also affect the skeletal muscles. However, the abnormalities within skeletal muscles during AHF have not been investigated so far. The aim of this project is to comprehensively evaluate skeletal muscles (at a functional and tissue level) during AHF. Methods: The study will include ≥63 consecutive AHF patients who will be randomized into 2 groups: ≥42 with cardiac rehabilitation group versus ≥21 with standard pharmacotherapy alone...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706725/alleviation-of-neck-pain-by-the-non-surgical-rehabilitation-of-a-pathologic-cervical-kyphosis-to-a-normal-lordosis-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-report
#13
Alyssa K Dennis, Paul A Oakley, Michael T Weiner, Tara A VanVranken, David A Shapiro, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of the therapeutic reversal of a cervical kyphosis into a lordosis in a patient who presented with neck pain and headaches. [Subject and Methods] A 24-year-old male irritated his neck while dancing. Upon examination it was revealed he had an excessive, 45 mm forward head translation and a 15° cervical kyphosis from C3-C6. The patient was treated with Chiropractic BioPhysics® methods aimed at restoring the cervical lordosis by mirror image® , neck extension exercises, cervical extension traction, and spinal manipulative therapy...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701690/smart-web-based-platform-to-support-physical-rehabilitation
#14
Yves Rybarczyk, Jan Kleine Deters, Clément Cointe, Danilo Esparza
The enhancement of ubiquitous and pervasive computing brings new perspectives in medical rehabilitation. In that sense, the present study proposes a smart, web-based platform to promote the reeducation of patients after hip replacement surgery. This project focuses on two fundamental aspects in the development of a suitable tele-rehabilitation application, which are: (i) being based on an affordable technology, and (ii) providing the patients with a real-time assessment of the correctness of their movements...
April 26, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701041/-acupuncture-combined-with-femoral-nerve-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-functional-rehabilitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Yonghui Zhang, Lin Zhang, Min Lu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effects on the postoperative analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and functional rehabilitation with acupuncture at the distal points along the affected meridians and femoral nerve block. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with knee prosthesis were collected and randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. All of the patients received the femoral nerve block before operation. The analgesia pump was used for analgesia after operation and TKA postoperative rehabilitation was adopted...
March 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682311/acl-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-autograft-and-accelerated-brace-free-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-outcomes
#16
Rob P A Janssen, Nicky van Melick, Jan B A van Mourik, Max Reijman, Lodewijk W van Rhijn
Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes after hamstring tendon autograft ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation. Design: Systematic review according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. Data sources: Embase, MEDLINE Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL and Google scholar from 1 January 1974 to 31 January 2017. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Study designs reporting outcomes in adults after arthroscopic, primary ACLR with hamstring autograft and accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611142/combined-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-virtual-reality-based-paradigm-for-upper-limb-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-restricted-movements-a-feasibility-study-with-a-chronic-stroke-survivor-with-severe-hemiparesis
#17
María Antonia Fuentes, Adrián Borrego, Jorge Latorre, Carolina Colomer, Mariano Alcañiz, María José Sánchez-Ledesma, Enrique Noé, Roberto Llorens
Impairments of the upper limb function are a major cause of disability and rehabilitation. Most of the available therapeutic options are based on active exercises and on motor and attentional inclusion of the affected arm in task oriented movements. However, active movements may not be possible after severe impairment of the upper limbs. Different techniques, such as mirror therapy, motor imagery, and non-invasive brain stimulation have been shown to elicit cortical activity in absence of movements, which could be used to preserve the available neural circuits and promote motor learning...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594074/effect-of-early-vestibular-rehabilitation-on-vertigo-and-unsteadiness-in-patients-with-acute-and-sub-acute-head-trauma
#18
Sadegh Jafarzadeh, Akram Pourbakht, Eshagh Bahrami, Shohreh Jalaie, Arash Bayat
Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation is a treatment option for the management of vertigo and unsteadiness, which are very common in head trauma patients and more challenging in the early months after trauma. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a vestibular rehabilitation program in the recovery of acute and sub-acute head trauma patients. The goal of this study was evaluation of the effect of early vestibular rehabilitation on patients with acute and sub-acute head trauma. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 20 head trauma patients with vertigo and unsteadiness...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565472/a-novel-universal-device-lingual-ring-ri-p-a-ra-for-tmds-and-cranio-cervico-mandibular-pains-preliminary-results-of-a-randomized-control-clinical-trial
#19
A Rampello, P Papi, G Pompa, A Rampello, A Polimeni, C Di Paolo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate functionality and clinical application of a novel immediate device in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). To address the research purpose, authors developed and implemented a randomized control clinical trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients were enrolled in this study and were randomly divided into two subgroups based on the treatment applied: patient group (PG) and control group (CG). The CG was not subjected to any kind of treatment, even placebo, in order to be able to assess the spontaneous development of the pathology over time...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551898/patient-perspectives-of-participating-in-the-cardiac-copenheartrfa-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-treated-with-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Signe S Risom, Johanne Lind, Pamela J McCabe, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
Purpose: The CopenHeartRFA trial was designed and conducted to explore the effects of rehabilitation on patients treated with ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). It included a cardiac rehabilitation program consisting of physical exercise and psychoeducational consultations over 6 months. As part of the evaluation of the CopenHeartRFA trial, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. The intervention was delivered by a multidisciplinary team. Aim: This study aimed to understand the experience of patients treated for AF with ablation who participated in the CopenHeartRFA cardiac rehabilitation program...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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