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Therapeutic exercises, rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814016/applying-a-soft-robotic-glove-as-assistive-device-and-training-tool-with-games-to-support-hand-function-after-stroke-preliminary-results-on-feasibility-and-potential-clinical-impact
#1
Gerdienke B Prange-Lasonder, Bob Radder, Anke I R Kottink, Alejandro Melendez-Calderon, Jaap H Buurke, Johan S Rietman
Recent technological developments regarding wearable soft-robotic devices extend beyond the current application of rehabilitation robotics and enable unobtrusive support of the arms and hands during daily activities. In this light, the HandinMind (HiM) system was developed, comprising a soft-robotic, grip supporting glove with an added computer gaming environment. The present study aims to gain first insight into the feasibility of clinical application of the HiM system and its potential impact. In order to do so, both the direct influence of the HiM system on hand function as assistive device and its therapeutic potential, of either assistive or therapeutic use, were explored...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813954/human-robot-sensor-interface-for-cardiac-rehabilitation
#2
Juan S Lara, Jonathan Casas, Andres Aguirre, Marcela Munera, Monica Rincon-Roncancio, Bahar Irfan, Emmanuel Senft, Tony Belpaeme, Carlos A Cifuentes
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the world. A program of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is related to physical activities or exercises to regain the optimal quality of life. CR relies on the necessity to evaluate, control and supervise a patient's status and progress. This work has two objectives: on the one hand, provide a tool for clinicians to assess the patient's status during CR. On the other hand, there is evidence that robots can motivate patients during therapeutic procedures. Our sensor interface explores the possibility to integrate a robotic agent into cardiac therapy...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813873/automation-of-motor-dexterity-assessment
#3
Patrick Heyer, Luis R Castrejon, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Luis Enrique Sucar
Motor dexterity assessment is regularly performed in rehabilitation wards to establish patient status and automatization for such routinary task is sought. A system for automatizing the assessment of motor dexterity based on the Fugl-Meyer scale and with loose restrictions on sensing technologies is presented. The system consists of two main elements: 1) A data representation that abstracts the low level information obtained from a variety of sensors, into a highly separable low dimensionality encoding employing t-distributed Stochastic Neighbourhood Embedding, and, 2) central to this communication, a multi-label classifier that boosts classification rates by exploiting the fact that the classes corresponding to the individual exercises are naturally organized as a network...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809628/-the-effect-of-activation-of-the-shoulder-girdle-muscles-on-functional-outcomes-of-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-surgically-treated-distal-radius-fractures
#4
V Jančíková, J Opavský, P Dráč, A Krobot, I Čižmář
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was to assess the functional outcomes of rehabilitation in patients with surgically treated distal radius fractures in the early postoperative period. We compared the functional outcomes of patients undergoing standard rehabilitation with the group of patients whose postoperative rehabilitation was extended with shoulder girdle exercises of the affected upper limb while the wrist was immobilized. Several indices and variables were used for the assessment of the functional therapeutic outcomes of the affected wrist...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797281/the-efficacy-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-the-improvement-of-walking-distance-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-with-intermittent-claudication-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-tens-pad-study
#5
Florent Besnier, Jean-Michel Sénard, Vincent Grémeaux, Mélanie Riédel, Damien Garrigues, Thibaut Guiraud, Marc Labrunée
BACKGROUND: In patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), walking improvements are often limited by early pain onset due to vascular claudication. It would thus appear interesting to develop noninvasive therapeutic strategies, such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), to improve the participation of PAD patients in rehabilitation programmes, and thus improve their quality of life. Our team recently tested the efficacy of a single 45-min session of 10-Hz TENS prior to walking...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792298/short-duration-high-intensity-bouts-of-physical-therapy-to-increase-self-efficacy-confidence-and-function-in-an-individual-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#6
Teresa Bisson, Craig J Newsam
High intensity and frequency of task-specific practice is required to produce functional change in individuals with neurologic conditions. Self-efficacy is an important predictor of engagement in physical activity in individuals with spinal cord injury. Combining these two rehabilitation concepts has the potential for lasting functional improvement. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) using a model of concentrated bouts of physical therapy with an emphasis on techniques to increase self-efficacy...
August 9, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737616/the-role-of-therapeutic-modalities-in-surgical-and-nonsurgical-management-of-orthopaedic-injuries
#7
Catherine A Logan, Peter D Asnis, Matthew T Provencher
Rehabilitation professionals often use therapeutic modalities as a component of the surgical and nonsurgical management of orthopaedic injuries. Myriad therapeutic modalities, including cryotherapy, thermotherapy, ultrasonography, electrical stimulation, iontophoresis, and laser therapy, are available. Knowledge of the scientific basis of each modality and the principles of implementation for specific injuries enables musculoskeletal treatment providers to prescribe these modalities effectively. The selection of specific therapeutic modalities is based on their efficacy during a particular phase of rehabilitation...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732494/the-effects-of-therapeutic-hip-exercise-with-abdominal-core-activation-on-recruitment-of-the-hip-muscles
#8
Mandy Ky Chan, Ka Wai Chow, Alfred Ys Lai, Noble Kc Mak, Jason Ch Sze, Sharon Mh Tsang
BACKGROUND: Core stabilization has been utilized for rehabilitation and prevention of lower limb musculoskeletal injuries. Previous studies showed that activation of the abdominal core muscles enhanced the hip muscle activity in hip extension and abduction exercises. However, the lack of the direct measurement and quantification of the activation level of the abdominal core muscles during the execution of the hip exercises affect the level of evidence to substantiate the proposed application of core exercises to promote training and rehabilitation outcome of the hip region...
July 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714749/the-influence-of-verbal-and-tactile-feedback-on-electromyographic-amplitude-of-the-shoulder-musculature-during-common-therapeutic-exercises
#9
Sean A Jones, Derek N Pamukoff, Timothy C Mauntel, J Troy Blackburn, Joseph B Myers
CONTEXT: Verbal and tactile feedback during rehabilitation exercises can improve muscle activation, thus improving the therapeutic benefits. However, it is unclear which feedback method elicits the greatest electromyographic (EMG) amplitude. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the addition of tactile to verbal feedback increases EMG amplitude of selected shoulder musculature during scapular plane elevation (Y's), shoulder horizontal abduction with external rotation (T's), and scapular retraction with external rotation (W's)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704193/rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-joint-arthroplasty-late-post-surgery-period-hospital-rehabilitation
#10
Maya S Krastanova, Elena M Ilieva, Danelina E Vacheva
BACKGROUND: Hip joint replacement (endoprosthesis, alloplasty) has become one of the most frequent surgery interventions of the 20th century. AIM: To conduct rehabilitation therapy in the late post-surgery period of hospital rehabilitation (45 days after surgery), to track patients' progress and measure the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two patients with hip joint endoprosthesis were included in the study. All underwent surgery and rehabilitation at the Department of Clinical Rehabilitation of the Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic at Doctor G...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703038/rehabilitation-interventions-to-modify-endocrine-metabolic-disease-risk-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-riisc-a-systematic-review-and-scoping-perspective
#11
Jenna C Gibbs, Dany H Gagnon, Austin J Bergquist, Jasmine Arel, Tomas Cervinka, Rasha El-Kotob, Désirée B Maltais, Dalton L Wolfe, B Catharine Craven
Context Endocrine-metabolic disease (EMD) risk following spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with significant multi-morbidity (i.e. fracture, diabetes, heart disease), mortality, and economic burden. It is unclear to what extent rehabilitation interventions can modify EMD risk and improve health status in community-dwelling adults with chronic SCI. Objectives To characterize rehabilitation interventions and summarize evidence on their efficacy/effectiveness to modify precursors to EMD risk in community-dwelling adults with chronic SCI...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697785/effect-of-aquatic-physical-therapy-on-pain-perception-functional-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Guilherme Eleutério Alcalde, Ana Carolina Fonseca, Thais Fernanda Bôscoa, Mirella Regina Gonçalves, Gabriele Candido Bernardo, Bruna Pianna, Bianca Ferdin Carnavale, Camila Gimenes, Silvia Regina Barrile, Eduardo Aguilar Arca
BACKGROUND: Aquatic therapy promotes short-term benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), and it may be the first therapeutic option for this pathological condition. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of an aquatic therapy program on pain intensity, functional ability, and quality of life in older people with knee OA. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a parallel, two-arm, open, randomized controlled clinical trial with older people with knee OA...
July 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694221/nordic-walking-for-the-management-of-people-with-parkinson-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Manca, Daniele Dragone, Franca Deriu, Paolo Solla, Claudio Secci, Marco Monticone, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: It is well known that physical exercise is the main therapeutic element of rehabilitation programs for people with Parkinson disease (PD). As traditional forms of exercise can guarantee significant health benefits, the emergence of nonconventional physical activities, such as Nordic walking (NW), may add positive effects. OBJECTIVE: To appraise the available evidence on the main effects of NW in the rehabilitation programs for people with PD and to propose a design for upcoming research that might improve the uniformity of future trials...
July 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685539/respiratory-training-during-rehabilitation-of-acute-organic-fluorine-poisoned-patients-treated-by-non-invasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#14
L Liu, D Z Liu, Q P Wang, Z L Zhu, H M Li, X Y Lu
This paper aimed to analyze the effects of respiratory training on pulmonary function during the rehabilitation period for acute organic fluorine-poisoned patients treated by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV). Sixty-two acute organic fluorine-poisoned patients admitted to the Xinxiang Central Hospital, Xinxiang City, China, from May 2012 to March 2016 were selected and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 31 cases in each. Both groups received NIPPV. The patients in the control group exercised daily, while the patients in the observation group received contracting lips-abdominal breathing training...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665378/-the-application-of-general-magnetic-therapy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-following-the-surgical-treatment-of-herniated-intervertebral-discs
#15
D D Voronina, A G Kulikov, I A Luppova, O V Yarustovskaya
AIM: The objective of the present work was to rehabilitate more efficiently the patients who had undergone the surgical treatment for herniated discs in the lumbosacral spine by applying general magnetic therapy during the combined treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 patients underwent the medical examination and treatment. The patients matched for age and sex presenting with similar clinical symptoms were divided into two groups. All of them received initial therapy that included medication, therapeutic physical exercises, and aquatic therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665375/-the-comprehensive-step-by-step-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-after-acute-disturbances-of-the-cerebral-circulation
#16
N F Miryutova, V A Chistyakova, V A Vorob'eva, A A Zaitsev
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of the comprehensive one- and two-stage rehabilitation including the application of mirror therapy and orthetics on an individual basis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 125 patients (66 men and 59 women) at the medium age of 57 (52; 63) years who had undergone the acute disorders of cerebral circulation (the diagnosis was verified based on the results of CT or MRI of the brain)...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653867/association-between-the-single-assessment-numeric-evaluation-and-the-western-ontario-and-mcmaster-universities-osteoarthritis-index
#17
Brian Pietrosimone, Brittney A Luc, Austin Duncan, Susan A Saliba, Joseph M Hart, Christopher D Ingersoll
CONTEXT:   Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) evaluate how patients describe symptoms as well as level of physical function or quality of life. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) Index is one of the most common PROs used to assess disability in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), yet the Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE) is a single-question instrument that may improve the efficiency associated with the measurement of patient function. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the associations between (1) SANEFunction and the physical dysfunction subsection of the WOMAC index (WOMACDysfunction) before rehabilitation and after a 4-week therapeutic exercise intervention as well as (2) the percentage change in SANEFunction and WOMACDysfunction in people with knee OA after 4 weeks of therapeutic exercise...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#18
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651414/-lay-emphasis-on-early-rehabilitation-after-extensive-burn-to-prevent-severe-complications-in-late-stage
#19
G Z Lyu, L W Xu
The mental disorders, scar, and dysfunction will affect the work and study of patients with extensive burn, which can further affect the quality of life and the rate of return to society. Under the premise of saving life, the function of patients with extensive burn should be reserved as much as possible for a better living quality. In addition to the specialized treatment, body positioning, therapeutic exercise, orthosis application, and psychotherapy can be used in the early stage of burn rehabilitation. Early rehabilitation training is beneficial to the circulatory system, immune system, functional and psychological recovery of patients...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634452/establishing-the-basis-for-mechanobiology-based-physical-therapy-protocols-to-potentiate-cellular-healing-and-tissue-regeneration
#20
REVIEW
Joanna L Ng, Mariana E Kersh, Sharon Kilbreath, M Knothe Tate
Life is mechanobiological: mechanical stimuli play a pivotal role in the formation of structurally and functionally appropriate body templates through mechanobiologically-driven cellular and tissue re/modeling. The body responds to mechanical stimuli engendered through physical movement in an integrated fashion, internalizing and transferring forces from organ, through tissue and cellular length scales. In the context of rehabilitation and therapeutic outcomes, such mechanical stimuli are referred to as mechanotherapy...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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