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Therapeutic exercises, rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440411/effects-of-long%C3%A2-term-post%C3%A2-ischemic-treadmill-exercise-on-gliosis-in-the-aged-gerbil-hippocampus-induced-by-transient-cerebral-ischemia
#1
Ji Hyeon Ahn, Myoung Cheol Shin, Joon Ha Park, In Hye Kim, Jeong-Hwi Cho, Tae-Kyeong Lee, Jae-Chul Lee, Bai Hui Chen, Bich Na Shin, Hyun-Jin Tae, Jinseu Park, Soo Young Choi, Yun Lyul Lee, Dae Won Kim, Yang Hee Kim, Moo-Ho Won, Jun Hwi Cho
Therapeutic exercise is an integral component of the rehabilitation of patients who have suffered a stroke. The objective of the present study was to use immunohistochemistry to investigate the effects of post‑ischemic exercise on neuronal damage or death and gliosis in the aged gerbil hippocampus following transient cerebral ischemia. Aged gerbils (male; age, 22‑24 months) underwent ischemia and were subjected to treadmill exercise for 1 or 4 weeks. Neuronal death was detected in the stratum pyramidale of the hippocampal CA1 region and in the polymorphic layer of the dentate gyrus using cresyl violet and Fluoro‑Jade B histofluorescence staining...
April 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437223/exercise-and-peripheral-nerve-grafts-as-a-strategy-to-promote-regeneration-after-acute-or-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Catherine C Theisen, Rahul Sachdeva, Scarlett Austin, Danielle Kulich, Victoria Kranz, John D Houle
Therapeutic interventions after spinal cord injury (SCI) routinely are designed to address multiple aspects of the primary and/or secondary damage that occurs. Exercise has a demonstrated efficacy for post-SCI complications such as cardiovascular dysfunction, neuropathic pain, and chronic inflammation, yet there is little understanding of the mechanisms by which improvements might result from this non-invasive approach. Here we review several of our observations of molecular and cellular changes within the injured spinal cord following acute or delayed exercise regimens that illustrate the potential for positive effects on neuroprotection and rehabilitation...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434551/neuromuscular-fatigue-during-exercise-methodological-considerations-etiology-and-potential-role-in-chronic-fatigue
#3
REVIEW
Rosie Twomey, Saied Jalal Aboodarda, Renata Kruger, Susan Nicole Culos-Reed, John Temesi, Guillaume Y Millet
The term fatigue is used to describe a distressing and persistent symptom of physical and/or mental tiredness in certain clinical populations, with distinct but ultimately complex, multifactorial and heterogenous pathophysiology. Chronic fatigue impacts on quality of life, reduces the capacity to perform activities of daily living, and is typically measured using subjective self-report tools. Fatigue also refers to an acute reduction in the ability to produce maximal force or power due to exercise. The classical measurement of exercise-induced fatigue involves neuromuscular assessments before and after a fatiguing task...
April 20, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385046/peripheral-muscle-training-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-novel-approaches-and-recent-advances
#4
Gianna W Bisca, Carlos A Camillo, Vinicius Cavalheri, Fabio Pitta, Christian R Osadnik
Pulmonary rehabilitation is one of the most effective non-pharmacological management options for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exercise training is the cornerstone of pulmonary rehabilitation, however considerable variability exists regarding the way it is delivered across the world. It is widely accepted that efforts should be made to tailor specific therapeutic approaches to individuals' needs. This applies as much to respiratory medicine as it does to respiratory rehabilitation...
May 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375677/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Valentina Mantegazza, Anna Apostolo, Alfred Hager
Recently, the number of patients with congenital heart diseases reaching adulthood has been progressively increasing in developed countries and new issues are emerging regarding them: the evaluation of their capacity to cope with physical activity, and whether this knowledge can be used to optimize medical management. A symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test has proven to be an essential tool because it can objectively evaluate the functional cardiovascular capacity of these patients, identify the pathological mechanisms of the defect (circulatory failure, shunts, pulmonary hypertension) and help prescribe an individualized rehabilitation program when needed...
April 4, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374732/-the-comprehensive-approach-to-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-junior-athletes
#6
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330380/rehabilitation-after-total-joint-replacement-a-scoping-study
#7
Deborah L Snell, Julia Hipango, K Anne Sinnott, Jennifer A Dunn, Alastair Rothwell, C Jean Hsieh, Gerben DeJong, Gary Hooper
PURPOSE: The evidence supporting rehabilitation after joint replacement, while vast, is of variable quality making it difficult for clinicians to apply the best evidence to their practice. We aimed to map key issues for rehabilitation following joint replacement, highlighting potential avenues for new research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a scoping study including research published between January 2013 and December 2016, evaluating effectiveness of rehabilitation following hip and knee total joint replacement...
March 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#8
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316572/eccentric-ergometer-training-promotes-locomotor-muscle-strength-but-not-mitochondrial-adaptation-in-patients-with-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
Norah J MacMillan, Sophia Kapchinsky, Yana Konokhova, Gilles Gouspillou, Riany de Sousa Sena, R Thomas Jagoe, Jacinthe Baril, Tamara E Carver, Ross E Andersen, Ruddy Richard, Hélène Perrault, Jean Bourbeau, Russell T Hepple, Tanja Taivassalo
Eccentric ergometer training (EET) is increasingly being proposed as a therapeutic strategy to improve skeletal muscle strength in various cardiorespiratory diseases, due to the principle that lengthening muscle actions lead to high force-generating capacity at low cardiopulmonary load. One clinical population that may particularly benefit from this strategy is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), as ventilatory constraints and locomotor muscle dysfunction often limit efficacy of conventional exercise rehabilitation in patients with severe disease...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293194/quantification-of-internal-stress-strain-fields-in-human-tendon-unraveling-the-mechanisms-that-underlie-regional-tendon-adaptations-and-mal-adaptations-to-mechanical-loading-and-the-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-eccentric-exercise
#10
REVIEW
Constantinos N Maganaris, Panagiotis Chatzistergos, Neil D Reeves, Marco V Narici
By virtue of their anatomical location between muscles and bones, tendons make it possible to transform contractile force to joint rotation and locomotion. However, tendons do not behave as rigid links, but exhibit viscoelastic tensile properties, thereby affecting the length and contractile force in the in-series muscle, but also storing and releasing elastic stain energy as some tendons are stretched and recoiled in a cyclic manner during locomotion. In the late 90s, advancements were made in the application of ultrasound scanning that allowed quantifying the tensile deformability and mechanical properties of human tendons in vivo...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279267/astronaut-adherence-to-exercise-based-reconditioning-psychological-considerations-and-future-directions
#11
Carly D McKay, Martyn Standage
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-based reconditioning is essential for mitigating the negative physiological and functional effects of spaceflight. Astronaut adherence to prescribed reconditioning programmes is imperative, but there has been limited research in this area. PURPOSE: This commentary discusses adherence predictors in analogous terrestrial populations (sport, clinical rehabilitation, general exercise) that may translate to spaceflight environments. IMPLICATIONS: Reconditioning programmes should foster intrinsic motivation, realistic outcome expectancies, self-regulation skills, and strong therapeutic alliances to promote ongoing exercise adherence...
January 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277043/use-of-canalith-repositioning-manoeuvres-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-a-gp-survey
#12
Vincent A van Vugt, Patria M Diaz Nerio, Johannes C van der Wouden, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of canalith repositioning manoeuvres and vestibular rehabilitation (VR) by GPs and to assess reasons for not using these techniques in patients with vertigo. DESIGN: Online survey. SETTING: GPs in the western and central part of the Netherlands. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Of GPs, 1169 were approached to participate in the survey. A sample of 426 GPs filled out the questionnaire (36.4% response rate)...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269395/simulation-of-fluid-environment-using-a-robotic-orthosis-on-human-lower-extremity-for-therapeutic-purposes
#13
Tayfun Efe Ertop, Tolga Yuksel, Erhan Ilhan Konukseven
Rehabilitation under water is a viable physical rehabilitation option, but it has some limitations in terms of adapting to needs of each patient. In addition, its facility requirements are relatively high. Simulating the fluid environment using a robotic system would enable therapists adjust various parameters so that the therapy is tailored to the patient's unique state. Also, using a robotic system instead might be less costly and easily reachable. In this study, human lower extremity movement in fluids is modeled...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240760/focal-muscle-vibration-and-progressive-modular-rebalancing-with-neurokinetic-facilitations-in-post-stroke-recovery-of-upper-limb
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
C Celletti, E Sinibaldi, F Pierelli, G Monari, F Camerota
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the leading causes for disability worldwide. Exercise therapy is a key element of stroke rehabilitation but no evidence are present in literature. Moreover recently focal muscle vibrationis described as a useful therapeutic approach in the post stroke recovery. In this study the efficacy of the vibration therapy in association to progressive modular re balancing rehabilitative approach has been evaluated and compared to the conventional therapy alone and associated to the muscle vibration...
January 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227638/simulation-of-fluid-environment-using-a-robotic-orthosis-on-human-lower-extremity-for-therapeutic-purposes
#15
Tayfun Efe Ertop, Tolga Yuksel, Erhan Ilhan Konukseven, Tayfun Efe Ertop, Tolga Yuksel, Erhan Ilhan Konukseven, Tolga Yuksel, Erhan Ilhan Konukseven, Tayfun Efe Ertop
Rehabilitation under water is a viable physical rehabilitation option, but it has some limitations in terms of adapting to needs of each patient. In addition, its facility requirements are relatively high. Simulating the fluid environment using a robotic system would enable therapists adjust various parameters so that the therapy is tailored to the patient's unique state. Also, using a robotic system instead might be less costly and easily reachable. In this study, human lower extremity movement in fluids is modeled...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225505/nonrevascularizable-buttock-claudication-improved-with-sildenafil-a-case-report
#16
Loukman Omarjee, Audrey Camarzana, Samir Henni, Pierre Abraham
RATIONALE: Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitor (PDE5i), could represent a new treatment in addition to the medical treatment and advice to walk in peripheral arterial disease (PAD). PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: We report a case of a 62-year-old heavy smoker man who developed a buttock claudication and a severe walking limitation following an aorto-bi-femoral bypass in 1992. Since 2003, each year, he has been referred for investigation of bilateral buttock claudication on treadmill using transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tcpO2) measurement during exercise to argue for the vascular origin of the walking impairment...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215060/efficacy-of-aquatic-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#17
Iluminada Corvillo, Enrique Varela, Francisco Armijo, Antonio Alvarez-Badillo, Onica Armijo, Francisco Maraver
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, progressive, disabling autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system. Symptoms and signs of MS vary widely and patients may lose their ability to walk. To date the benefits of aquatic therapy often used for rehabilitation in MS patients have not been reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the current state of aquatic treatment for persons with MS (hydrotherapy, aquatic therapy, aquatic exercises, spa therapy) and to evaluate the scientific evidence supporting the benefits of this therapeutic option...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194375/rehabilitation-of-hamstring-muscle-injuries-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Gabriel Amorim Ramos, Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, Diego Costa Astur, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman, Moisés Cohen
Hamstring injuries are among the most frequent in sports. The high relapse rate is a challenge for sports medicine and has a great impact on athletes and sport teams. The treatment goal is to provide the athlete the same functional level as before the injury. Thus, functional rehabilitation is very important to the success of the treatment. Currently, several physical therapy modalities are used, according to the stage of the lesion, such as cryotherapy, laser therapy, therapeutic ultrasound, therapeutic exercise, and manual therapy...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183213/the-ottawa-panel-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-part-two-strengthening-exercise-programs
#19
Lucie Brosseau, Jade Taki, Brigit Desjardins, Odette Thevenot, Marlene Fransen, George A Wells, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Karine Toupin-April, Marie Westby, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Wendy Gifford, Lucie Laferrière, Prinon Rahman, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' Aburub, Kim L Bennell, Martin Van der Esch, Milena Simic, Sara McConnell, Alison Harmer, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Linda McLean
OBJECTIVE: To identify effective strengthening exercise programs and provide rehabilitation teams and patients with updated, high-quality recommendations concerning traditional land-based exercises for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparative controlled trials with strengthening exercise programs for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A panel of experts reached consensus on the recommendations using a Delphi survey...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166646/the-meanings-of-physiotherapy-and-exercise-for-people-living-with-progressive-cerebellar-ataxia-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#20
Elizabeth Cassidy, Sandra Naylor, Frances Reynolds
PURPOSE: To understand the meanings of exercise and physiotherapy for people living with a progressive cerebellar ataxia. METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis was undertaken with 12 participants (4 women, 8 men) recruited via their membership of a national support group. Semistructured interviews were audiorecorded and transcribed. Data were analyzed using interpretivist methods. RESULTS: Two main themes were constructed. Firstly, participants highly valued building collaborative and supportive long-term therapeutic relationships with expert physiotherapists and were not necessarily looking to improve ataxia-related impairments...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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