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nogo receptor

Yu-Chao Zuo, Hong-Lian Li, Nan-Xiang Xiong, Jian-Ying Shen, Yi-Zhi Huang, Peng Fu, Hong-Yang Zhao
Nogo-66 plays a central role in the myelin-mediated inhibition of neurite outgrowth. Tau is a microtubule-associated protein involved in microtubule assembly and stabilization. It remains unverified whether tau interacts directly with growth factor receptors, or engages in cross-talk with regeneration inhibitors like Nogo-66. Here, we report that plasmid overexpression of tau significantly elevated the protein levels of total tau, phosphorylated tau, and microtubule-affinity regulating kinase (MARK). Nogo-66 transiently elevated the total tau protein level and persistently reduced the level of p-S262 tau (tau phosphorylated at serine 262), whereas it had little influence on the level of p-T205 tau (tau phosphorylated at threonine 205)...
October 19, 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
Shi-Fa Zhang, Yan Zhou, Kai-Jing Zhang, Jia-Jie Luan, Shi-Mei Qi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) silencing with specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) on brain injury repair in preterm rats with brain injury caused by intrauterine infection and related mechanism of action. METHODS: The pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats (with a gestational age of 15 days) were selected, and premature delivery was induced by RU486 or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The preterm rats delivered by those treated with RU486 were selected as the control group...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Ann Cathrine Kroksveen, Astrid Guldbrandsen, Marc Vaudel, Ragnhild Reehorst Lereim, Harald Barsnes, Kjell-Morten Myhr, Øyvind Torkildsen, Frode S Berven
In the current study, we conducted a quantitative in-depth proteome and deglycoproteome analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and neurological controls using mass spectrometry and pathway analysis. More than 2000 proteins and 1700 deglycopeptides were quantified, with 484 proteins and 180 deglycopeptides significantly changed between pools of RRMS and pools of controls. Approximately 300 of the significantly changed proteins were assigned to various biological processes, including inflammation, extracellular matrix organization, cell adhesion, immune response and neuron development...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Paschalis Theotokis, Olga Touloumi, Roza Lagoudaki, Evangelia Nousiopoulou, Evangelia Kesidou, Spyridon Siafis, Theodoros Tselios, Athanasios Lourbopoulos, Dimitrios Karacostas, Nikolaos Grigoriadis, Constantina Simeonidou
BACKGROUND: Nogo-A and its putative receptor NgR are considered to be among the inhibitors of axonal regeneration in the CNS. However, few studies so far have addressed the issue of local NgR complex multilateral localization within inflammation in an MS mouse model of autoimmune demyelination. METHODS: Chronic experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) was induced in C57BL/6 mice. Analyses were performed on acute (days 18-22) and chronic (day 50) time points and compared to controls...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Dirk M Lang, Maria Del Mar Romero-Alemán, Bryony Dobson, Elena Santos, Maximina Monzón-Mayor
The myelin-associated protein Nogo-A contributes to the failure of axon regeneration in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). Inhibition of axon growth by Nogo-A is mediated by the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR). Nonmammalian vertebrates, however, are capable of spontaneous CNS axon regeneration, and we have shown that retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons regenerate in the lizard Gallotia galloti. Using immunohistochemistry, we observed spatiotemporal regulation of Nogo-A and NgR in cell bodies and axons of RGCs during ontogeny...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Viviane Zelenay, Michael E Arzt, Stefan Bibow, Martin E Schwab, Roland Riek
Functional recovery from central neurotrauma, such as spinal cord injury, is limited by myelin-associated inhibitory proteins. The most prominent example, Nogo-A, imposes an inhibitory cue for nerve fibre growth via two independent domains: Nogo-A-Δ20 (residues 544-725 of the rat Nogo-A sequence) and Nogo-66 (residues 1026-1091). Inhibitory signalling from these domains causes a collapse of the neuronal growth cone via individual receptor complexes, centred around sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2) for Nogo-A-Δ20 and Nogo receptor 1 (NgR1) for Nogo-66...
2016: PloS One
Junichi Ukai, Shiro Imagama, Tomohiro Ohgomori, Zenya Ito, Kei Ando, Naoki Ishiguro, Kenji Kadomatsu
Nogo receptor (NgR) is common in myelin-derived molecules, i.e., Nogo, MAG, and OMgp, and plays important roles in both axon fasciculation and the inhibition of axonal regeneration. In contrast to NgR's roles in neurons, its roles in glial cells have been poorly explored. Here, we found a dynamic regulation of NgR1 expression during development and neuronal injury. NgR1 mRNA was consistently expressed in the brain from embryonic day 18 to postnatal day 25. In contrast, its expression significantly decreased in the spinal cord during development...
August 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
Jacek Calik, Bartosz Pula, Aleksandra Piotrowska, Andrzej Wojnar, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Jedrzej Grzegrzolka, Marzena Podhorska-Okolow, Piotr Dziegiel
BACKGROUND: Neurite outgrowth inhibitor type B (NOGO-B) and its receptor (NGBR) were shown to regulate various crucial cellular processes and may be therefore potential factors influencing carcinogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of NOGO-A, NOGO-A/B and NGBR was studied in benign melanocytic lesions and primary tumors and metastases of malignant melanoma (MM). RESULTS: Cytoplasmic expression of the studied antigens was detected in melanocytes and MM cells...
July 2016: Anticancer Research
Jason Hatakeyama, Jessica H Wald, Hanine Rafidi, Antonio Cuevas, Colleen Sweeney, Kermit L Carraway
ErbB3 and ErbB4 are receptor tyrosine kinases that are activated by the neuregulin (NRG) family of growth factors. These receptors govern various developmental processes, and their dysregulation contributes to several human disease states. The abundance of ErbB3 and ErbB4, and thus signaling through these receptors, is limited by the E3 ubiquitin ligase Nrdp1, which targets ErbB3 and ErbB4 for degradation. Reticulons are proteins that influence the morphology of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by promoting the formation of tubules, a response of cells to some stressors...
2016: Science Signaling
Marta Zagrebelsky, Niklas Lonnemann, Steffen Fricke, Yves Kellner, Eike Preuß, Kristin Michaelsen-Preusse, Martin Korte
Behavioral learning has been shown to involve changes in the function and structure of synaptic connections of the central nervous system (CNS). On the other hand, the neuronal circuitry in the mature brain is characterized by a high degree of stability possibly providing a correlate for long-term storage of information. This observation indicates the requirement for a set of molecules inhibiting plasticity and promoting stability thereby providing temporal and spatial specificity to plastic processes. Indeed, signaling of Nogo-A via its receptors has been shown to play a crucial role in restricting activity-dependent functional and structural plasticity in the adult CNS...
June 24, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Seung-Wan Yoo, Mary G Motari, Ronald L Schnaar
The corpus callosum (CC) is the largest fiber tract in the mammalian brain, linking the bilateral cerebral hemispheres. CC development depends on the proper balance of axon growth cone attractive and repellent cues leading axons to the midline then directing them to the contralateral hemisphere. Imbalance of these cues results in CC agenesis or dysgenesis. Nogo receptors (NgR1, NgR2, NgR3) are growth cone directive molecules known for inhibiting axon regeneration after injury. We report that mice that lack Nogo receptors (NgR123-null mice) display complete CC agenesis due to axon misdirection evidenced by ectopic axons including cortical Probst bundles...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Dongqiang Su, Huaicun Liu, Sun-On Chan, Jun Wang
Nogo-A is highly expressed in oligodendrocytes in the adult central nervous system (CNS). Recently it was found that Nogo-A is also expressed in some neuronal types during development. Here, we examined the expression pattern of Nogo-A in both the retina and optic tract (OT) of mouse embryos from E12 to E15. After perturbation of its function in the OT for 5 hr in the brain slice culture system using a Nogo-A specific antibody or antagonist of its receptor (NEP1-40), the optic nerve fibers and growth cones were traced with DiI...
August 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Guy A Higgins, Leo B Silenieks, Everett B Altherr, Cam MacMillan, Paul J Fletcher, Wayne E Pratt
RATIONALE: The 5-HT2C receptor agonist lorcaserin (Belviq®) has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of obesity. Impulsivity is a contributory feature of some eating disorders. OBJECTIVE: Experiments investigated the effect of lorcaserin and the highly selective 5-HT2C agonist CP-809101 on measures of impulsivity and on reinstatement of food-seeking behaviour, a model of dietary relapse. The effect of both drugs on 22-h deprivation-induced feeding was also examined, as was the effect of prefeeding in each impulsivity test...
July 2016: Psychopharmacology
Guy A Higgins, Leo B Silenieks, Cam MacMillan, Julia Sevo, Fiona D Zeeb, Sandy Thevarkunnel
NMDA GluN2B (NR2B) subtype selective antagonists are currently in clinical development for a variety of indications, including major depression. We previously reported the selective NMDA GluN2B antagonists Ro 63-1908 and traxoprodil, increase premature responding in a 5-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT) suggesting an effect on impulsive action. The present studies extend these investigations to a Go-NoGo and delay discounting task, and the 5-CSRTT under test conditions of both regular (5s) and short (2-5s) multiple ITI (Intertrial interval)...
September 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Cristina Iobbi, Martin Korte, Marta Zagrebelsky
Nogo-A restricts long-term potentiation (LTP) at the Schaffer collateral-CA1 pathway in the adult hippocampus via 2 extracellular domains: Nogo-A-Δ20 and Nogo-66. Nogo-66 signals via Nogo Receptor 1 (NgR1) to regulate synaptic function. Whether the NgR1 coreceptors Lingo1 and p75(NTR) are involved in the signaling in this context is still not known. Moreover, the intracellular cascade mediating the activity of Nogo-66 in restricting LTP is unexplored. We combine electrophysiology and biochemistry in acute hippocampal slices and demonstrate that a loss of function for Lingo1 results in a significant increase in LTP levels at the Schaffer collateral-CA1 pathway, and that Lingo1 is the NgR1 coreceptor mediating the role of Nogo-66 in restricting LTP...
May 10, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
Yi Zhang, Yan Huang, Anna Cantalupo, Paula S Azevedo, Mauro Siragusa, Jacek Bielawski, Frank J Giordano, Annarita Di Lorenzo
We recently discovered that endothelial Nogo-B, a membrane protein of the ER, regulates vascular function by inhibiting the rate-limiting enzyme, serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT), in de novo sphingolipid biosynthesis. Here, we show that endothelium-derived sphingolipids, particularly sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), protect the heart from inflammation, fibrosis, and dysfunction following pressure overload and that Nogo-B regulates this paracrine process. SPT activity is upregulated in banded hearts in vivo as well as in TNF-α-activated endothelium in vitro, and loss of Nogo removes the brake on SPT, increasing local S1P production...
April 21, 2016: JCI Insight
Feng Wu, Huai-bin Li, Jian Zhao, Hua-chun Miao, Rui Huang, Jian Ding, Ke-ren Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) intervention combined with medication (Gastrodin) on changes of neurological function and expression of Nogo-A and Nogo-A receptor (NgR) in the frontal lobe cortex around the ischemic loci of focal cerebral ischemia (FCI) rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of neuroregeneration of FC. METHODS: Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, EA, medication and EA+ medication groups (n = 10 in each group)...
February 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
He-Xin Chen, Xian-Ping Zeng, Yue-Qi Sun, Qing-Ling Fu
Nogo receptor 1 (NgR1) is the most important Nogo-A receptor. By its interaction with myelin-associated inhibitory proteins, NgR1 inhibits the regeneration of axons and is extensively expressed in the central nervous system. However, the expression of NgR1 in regenerable neurons, such as olfactory neurons, and its expression in the regeneration progress of olfactory neurons have not been reported. In this study, we demonstrated that NgR1 was expressed in the cell bodies of certain mature olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) but was not expressed in immature ORNs in the olfactory epithelium (OE) of normal adult mice...
July 6, 2016: Neuroreport
Ahmed Alhusban, Anna Kozak, Wael Eldashan, Adviye Ergul, Susan C Fagan
BACKGROUND: Blood flow restoration with fibrinolysis and thrombectomy is recommended to limit injury in stroke patients with proximal artery occlusion. Angiotensin receptor blockers have been shown to be neuroprotective in models of permanent and temporary occlusion, but the benefits on expression of trophic factors have been seen only when the artery is reopened. It is possible that early artery opening with endovascular intervention may increase the likelihood of identifying an effective combination therapy for patients...
2016: Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine
Shu-Guang Jin, Hyang-Hwa Ryu, Song-Yuan Li, Chun-Hao Li, Sa-Hoe Lim, Woo-Youl Jang, Shin Jung
Nogo or reticulon-4 (RTN4), also known as neurite outgrowth inhibitor, is a member of the reticulon family of genes. Nogo-A, one of the three isoforms, is enriched in the central nervous system (CNS). The extracellular domain of Nogo-A, Nogo-66, has neurite growth inhibitory activity that is specific for neurons and is mediated by the Nogo receptor. However, most of its functions are not known yet. We investigated whether Nogo-A modulates the migration and invasion of a glioblastoma cell line, as well as the factors that have an effect on Nogo-A...
June 2016: Oncology Reports
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