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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634218/high-quality-statin-trials-support-the-2013-acc-aha-cholesterol-guidelines-after-hope-3-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#1
Martin B Mortensen, Matthew J Budoff, Dong Li, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha, Veit Sandfort, Carlos J Rodriguez, Pamela Ouyang, Erling Falk
The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline on cholesterol treatment to prevent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) has been criticized for lowering the risk thresholds for primary prevention with statin therapy. Although the ≥ 7.5% (class I) and ≥ 5% (class IIa) 10-year ASCVD risk thresholds were identified as new indications for treatment by extrapolating results obtained in randomized controlled trials (RCT) of statin therapy, results from population-based European cohorts indicate that >30% of individuals eligible for statin therapy by class I recommendations do not have RCT data supporting statin efficacy...
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629303/dual-antiplatelet-therapy-beyond-one-year-in-patients-after-stent-placement-a-review
#2
Jacob D Sumner, Brianna Zinser, Andrew Smith
PURPOSE: To review the evidence on the safety and efficacy of the continued use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) beyond 12 months after stent placement in patients following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event. SUMMARY: Recently, the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) released a focused update on the duration of DAPT in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The update makes new recommendations about the duration of DAPT in light of recently performed studies investigating this topic...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623176/duration-of-dual-anti-platelet-therapy-in-patients-with-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Chirag Bavishi, Vrinda Trivedi, Mandeep Singh, Edward Katz, Franz H Messerli, Sripal Bangalore
BACKGROUND: The recent AHA/ACC guidelines on duration of dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) recommend DAPT for 1 year in patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome, with a Class IIb recommendation for continuation. We aim to assess the evidence for these recommendations using a meta-analytic approach. METHODS: We searched electronic databases for randomized trials comparing short-term (≤6 months) vs 12 months vs extended (>12 months) DAPT in patients with an acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620724/european-perspective-comparing-the-aha-acc-and-esc-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-the-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death
#4
EDITORIAL
Frank M Bengel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617294/what-is-new-in-acc-aha-2017-focused-update-of-valvular-heart-disease-guidelines
#5
EDITORIAL
Mehmet Özkan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608963/relationship-between-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-risk-scores-including-framingham-risk-score-and-acc-aha-risk-score
#6
Bora Lee, Sang Wook Lee, Hye Rim Kang, Dae In Kim, Hwa Yeon Sun, Jae Heon Kim
AIMS: This study attempted to investigate the association between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and CVD risk scores and to overcome the limitations of previous relevant studies. METHODS: A total of 2994 ostensibly healthy males, who participated in a voluntary health check in a health promotion center from January 2010 to December 2014, were reviewed. CVD risk scores were calculated using Framingham risk score and American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) score...
June 13, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608183/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-scai-scct-sts-2017-appropriate-use-criteria-for-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic
#7
Manesh R Patel, John H Calhoon, Gregory J Dehmer, James Aaron Grantham, Thomas M Maddox, David J Maron, Peter K Smith
The American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, have completed a 2-part revision of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization. In prior coronary revascularization AUC documents, indications for revascularization in acute coronary syndromes and stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) were combined into 1 document. To address the expanding clinical indications for coronary revascularization, and to align the subject matter with the most current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, the new AUC for coronary artery revascularization were separated into 2 documents addressing SIHD and acute coronary syndromes individually...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607153/2017-acc-aha-hfsa-ishlt-acp-advanced-training-statement-on-advanced-heart-failure-and-transplant-cardiology-revision-of-the-accf-aha-acp-hfsa-ishlt-2010-clinical-competence-statement-on-management-of-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-and-cardiac-transplant
#8
REVIEW
Mariell Jessup, Mark H Drazner, Wendy Book, Joseph C Cleveland, Ira Dauber, Susan Farkas, Mahazarin Ginwalla, Jason N Katz, Peggy Kirkwood, Michelle M Kittleson, Joseph E Marine, Paul Mather, Alanna A Morris, Donna M Polk, Antoine Sakr, Kelly H Schlendorf, Esther E Vorovich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596132/crusade-score-is-superior-to-platelet-function-testing-for-prediction-of-bleeding-in-patients-following-coronary-interventions
#9
Junghee Bang, Sun Young Choi, Moo Hyun Kim, Victor Serebruany
Hypothetically, diminished platelet reactivity (PR) during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) should cause extra major bleeding events (MBE), although definite evidence is lacking. Multiple scores have been proposed to stratify bleeding risk, but their predictive value during DAPT is unclear. We compared the performance of the Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes with Early Implementation of the ACC/AHA Guidelines (CRUSADE) with PR testing to predict MBE in Korean patients with acute coronary syndrome...
June 1, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586605/burden-of-atherosclerosis-risk-among-different-ethinicity-a-hidden-health-challenge
#10
Tariq Ashraf, Kanwal Fatima Aamir, Abdul Samad Achakzai, Naeem Mengal, Muhammad Tariq Karim
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis risk and incidence of developing chronic cardiovascular conditions vary greatly between ethnic groups in South Asian population. To evaluate different ethnic groups in Pakistan, population based study was conducted at Karachi, the largest metropolitan city of Pakistan; to assess ten years and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risks without preexisting cardiovascular disease in Pakistani subjects by using Pooled Cohort Risk equation (calculator) as per American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) 2013 guidelines...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582001/management-of-multivessel-disease-and-cardiogenic-shock
#11
REVIEW
Amerjeet S Banning, Anthony H Gershlick
Cardiogenic shock represents a state of low cardiac output and systemic hypoperfusion resulting in insufficient end-organ perfusion and consequent multiorgan failure. The main cause of this complication in the context of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction is left ventricular dysfunction secondary to poor myocardial perfusion. In over 50% of cardiogenic shock cases, there is evidence of significant coronary stenosis within noninfarct-related arteries. Persistent ischemia in the noninfarct territory may contribute to ongoing hypotension...
October 2016: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571004/health-literacy-readability-of-acc-aha-online-patient-education-material
#12
Karan Kapoor, Praveen George, Matthew C Evans, Weldon J Miller, Stanley S Liu
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the online patient education material offered by the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) is written at a higher level than the 6th-7th grade level recommended by the National Institute of Health (NIH). METHODS: Online patient education material from each website was subjected to reading grade level (RGL) analysis using the Readability Studio Professional Edition. One-sample t testing was used to compare the mean RGLs obtained from 8 formulas to the NIH-recommended 6...
June 2, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549665/effects-of-supervised-exercise-and-dietary-nitrate-in-older-adults-with-controlled-hypertension-and-or-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#13
Hossam A Shaltout, Joel Eggebeen, Anthony P Marsh, Peter H Brubaker, Paul J Laurienti, Jonathan H Burdette, Swati Basu, Ashley Morgan, Patricia C Dos Santos, James L Norris, Timothy M Morgan, Gary D Miller, W Jack Rejeski, Amret T Hawfield, Debra I Diz, J Thomas Becton, Daniel B Kim-Shapiro, Dalane W Kitzman
Aerobic exercise training is an effective therapy to improve peak aerobic power (peak VO2) in individuals with hypertension (HTN, AHA/ACC class A) and heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). High nitrate containing beetroot juice (BRJ) also improves sub-maximal endurance and decreases blood pressure in both HTN and HFpEF. We hypothesized that combining an aerobic exercise and dietary nitrate intervention would result in additive or even synergistic positive effects on exercise tolerance and blood pressure in HTN or HFpEF...
May 23, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548185/-evaluation-the-american-college-of-cardiology-and-american-heart-association-predictive-score-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#14
Mónica Acevedo, Giovanna Valentino, Verónica Kramer, María José Bustamante, Marcela Adasme, Lorena Orellana, Fernando Baraona, Carlos Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) proposed a new cardiovascular risk (CV) score. AIM: To evaluate the new risk score (ACC/AHA 2013) in a Chilean population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profile and fasting blood glucose levels were measured and a survey about CV risk factors was responded by 3,284 subjects aged 40 to 79 years (38% females), living in urban Santiago...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537000/advances-in-clinical-cardiology-2016-a-summary-of-the-key-clinical-trials
#15
REVIEW
Alastair Gray, Conor McQuillan, Ian B A Menown
INTRODUCTION: The findings of many new cardiology clinical trials over the last year have been published or presented at major international meetings. This paper aims to describe and place in context a summary of the key clinical trials in cardiology presented between January and December 2016. METHODS: The authors reviewed clinical trials presented at major cardiology conferences during 2016 including the American College of Cardiology (ACC), European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EuroPCR), European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT), and the American Heart Association (AHA)...
May 23, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534599/untreated-dyslipidemia-in-lebanese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#16
Marouan Zoghbi, Chadia Haddad, Pascale Salameh, Georges Haddad, Souheil Hallit
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of statin-untreated schizophrenic patients needing treatment according to the 2013 American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines and to compare the performance of these guidelines to the 2004 National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP-III) recommendations. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using medical charts, patient inverventions, and various anthropometric measures between April 2016 and July 2016 at the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross enrolled 329 patients with schizophrenia (DSM-5 criteria) to determine dyslipidemia and risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)...
May 18, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531328/factors-associated-with-compliance-to-aha-acc-performance-measures-in-a-myocardial-infarction-system-of-care-in-brazil
#17
Maria Letícia L Lana, Andrea Z Beaton, Luisa C C Brant, Isadora C R S Bozzi, Osias de Magalhães, Luiz Ricardo de A Castro, Francisco César T da Silva Júnior, José Luiz P da Silva, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro, Bruno R Nascimento
Objective: To evaluate compliance with American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) performance measures for adults with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to investigate the factors associated with compliance, in an AMI System of Care in Brazil. Design: Observational longitudinal study. Setting: A high-complexity University Hospital, part of the AMI System of Care implemented in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in 2010. Participants: Of note, 1129 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) admitted to a single center over 36 months (between 2011 and 2014)...
May 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531232/changes-in-primary-healthcare-providers-attitudes-and-counseling-behaviors-related-to-dietary-sodium-reduction-docstyles-2010-and-2015
#18
Zerleen S Quader, Mary E Cogswell, Jing Fang, Sallyann M Coleman King, Robert K Merritt
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The 2013 ACC/AHA Lifestyle Management Guideline recommends counseling pre-hypertensive and hypertensive patients to reduce sodium intake. Population sodium reduction efforts have been introduced in recent years, and dietary guidelines continued to emphasize sodium reduction in 2010 and 2015. The objective of this analysis was to determine changes in primary health care providers' sodium-reduction attitudes and counseling between 2010 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529917/current-guidelines-on-prevention-with-a-focus-on-dyslipidemias
#19
REVIEW
Ian M Graham, Alberico L Catapano, Nathan D Wong
Examination of the current the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines on the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the management of dyslipidemias finds much common ground. Both note that Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is, in most people, the product of a number of risk factors, notably tobacco exposure, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, inactivity, overweight and diabetes. They stress that risk calculators can help in the assessment of risk in apparently healthy persons...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509889/the-role-of-nitrates-in-the-management-of-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-and-guidelines
#20
Mehul A Pragani, Karan P Desai, Doralisa Morrone, Mandeep S Sidhu, William E Boden
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States and can result in significant morbidity. In particular, stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) is a condition that affects nearly 9 million individuals in the United States alone, with substantial annual health care costs related to recurrent medical visits and chronic disease management. Nitrates form a cornerstone of SIHD management by reducing myocardial oxygen consumption and increasing exercise capacity by several mechanisms, including increasing epicardial blood flow through vasodilation and decreased vascular resistance, blunting coronary steal, and reducing preload...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
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