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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339985/effects-of-dietary-rapeseed-meal-supplementation-on-cecal-microbiota-in-laying-hens-with-different-flavin-containing-monooxygenase-3-genotypes
#1
C Long, J Wang, H J Zhang, S G Wu, G H Qi
To evaluate the effect of dietary rapeseed meal (RM) supplementation on cecal trimethylamine and bacteria in laying hens with different flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) genotypes, a 3 × 2 2-factorial arrangement was employed using FMO3 genotypes (AA, AT, and TT) and dietary RM (0 and 14% of diet) as the main effects. At 50 wk of age, 36 hens of AT genotype and 36 hens of TT genotype were randomly allotted to one of the 2 dietary treatments, and each dietary treatment consisted of 3 replicates with 6 birds each...
March 4, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339732/exploring-the-in-vivo-digestion-of-plant-proteins-in-broiler-chickens
#2
E Recoules, H Sabboh-Jourdan, A Narcy, M Lessire, G Harichaux, V Labas, M J Duclos, S Réhault-Godbert
The use of various protein sources (industry by-products, proteaginous) in poultry diets requires a greater understanding of protein digestion mechanisms. The aim of this study was to characterize the molecular actors required for protein digestion in broilers fed 4 different diets containing soybean meal, rapeseed meal, pea, or corn distiller's dried grain with solubles as the only protein source. The digesta of the digestive tract segments were collected and soluble proteins were analyzed by SDS-PAGE. SDS-PAGE analyses revealed 5 ubiquitous bands in digesta of all digestive tract segments regardless of the diet, whereas 3 bands were diet-specific...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337486/rapeseed-legume-intercrops-plant-growth-and-nitrogen-balance-in-early-stages-of-growth-and-development
#3
Thaïs Génard, Philippe Etienne, Sylvain Diquélou, Jean-Claude Yvin, Cécile Revellin, Philippe Laîné
In this study we tested whether legumes can improve the growth and N and S nutrition of rapeseed in an intercropping system and compared the effect of mixtures on legume N-fixation and soil N-resources. Rapeseed was cultivated in low N conditions in monocrops using one (R) or two plants (RR) per pot and in mixtures with lupine, clover or vetch. The R monocrop was the most relevant control, intraspecific competition inducing a significant growth delay resulting in a significantly lower leaf number, in RR monocrop compared to R and the three mixtures considered...
March 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326095/potential-of-legume-brassica-intercrops-for-forage-production-and-green-manure-encouragements-from-a-temperate-southeast-european-environment
#4
REVIEW
Ana M Jeromela, Aleksandar M Mikić, Svetlana Vujić, Branko Ćupina, Đorđe Krstić, Aleksandra Dimitrijević, Sanja Vasiljević, Vojislav Mihailović, Sandra Cvejić, Dragana Miladinović
Legumes and brassicas have much in common: importance in agricultural history, rich biodiversity, numerous forms of use, high adaptability to diverse farming designs, and various non-food applications. Rare available resources demonstrate intercropping legumes and brassicas as beneficial to both, especially for the latter, profiting from better nitrogen nutrition. Our team aimed at designing a scheme of the intercrops of autumn- and spring-sown annual legumes with brassicas for ruminant feeding and green manure, and has carried out a set of field trials in a temperate Southeast European environment and during the past decade, aimed at assessing their potential for yields of forage dry matter and aboveground biomass nitrogen and their economic reliability via land equivalent ratio...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318577/effect-of-dietary-mineral-phosphorus-and-phytate-on-in-situ-ruminal-phytate-disappearance-from-different-concentrates-in-dairy-cows
#5
E Haese, J Möhring, H Steingass, M Schollenberger, M Rodehutscord
The first objective of this study was to determine the influence of dietary composition on the in situ disappearance of phytate (InsP6) from wheat, corn, soybean meal, and rapeseed meal [solvent-extracted, without (RSM) or with (hRSM) heat treatment] in the rumen of dairy cows. The second objective was to assess the primary degradation products of InsP6 in the rumen. Three diets differing in phosphorus and InsP6 concentration (basal diet = 0.38% P in dry matter; high-P diet = 0.56% P; high-InsP6 diet = 0.39% P) were fed to 3 ruminally fistulated lactating Jersey cows in a 3 × 3 Latin square...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304022/altering-the-level-of-calcium-changes-the-physical-properties-and-digestibility-of-casein-based-emulsion-gels
#6
Irene McIntyre, Michael O Sullivan, Dolores O Riordan
Casein-based emulsion gels prepared with different types of lipid (i.e. milk fat or rapeseed oil) were formulated with high (774 mg Ca per 100 g) or low (357 mg Ca per 100 g) calcium levels by blending acid and rennet casein. Their physicochemical characteristics (i.e. composition, texture, microstructure & water mobility) and in vitro digestibility were compared to conventionally formulated high-calcium (723 mg Ca per 100 g) emulsion gels made from rennet casein with calcium chelating salts (CCS). CCS-free, high-calcium emulsion gels were significantly (p ≤ 0...
March 17, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300767/consumption-of-bt-maize-pollen-containing-cry1ie-does-not-negatively-affect-propylea-japonica-thunberg-coleoptera-coccinellidae
#7
Yonghui Li, Yanmin Liu, Xinming Yin, Jörg Romeis, Xinyuan Song, Xiuping Chen, Lili Geng, Yufa Peng, Yunhe Li
Propylea japonica (Thunberg) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) are prevalent predators and pollen feeders in East Asian maize fields. They are therefore indirectly (via prey) and directly (via pollen) exposed to Cry proteins within Bt-transgenic maize fields. The effects of Cry1Ie-producing transgenic maize pollen on the fitness of P. japonica was assessed using two dietary-exposure experiments in the laboratory. In the first experiment, survival, larval developmental time, adult fresh weight, and fecundity did not differ between ladybirds consuming Bt or non-Bt maize pollen...
March 16, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298676/dehulling-and-microwave-pretreatment-effects-on-the-physicochemical-composition-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-virgin-rapeseed-oil
#8
Agnieszka Rękas, Aleksander Siger, Małgorzata Wroniak, Iwona Ścibisz, Dorota Derewiaka, Andrzej Anders
The effect of microwave heating (800 W) of whole and dehulled rapeseeds for 2 to 8 min was investigated in order to evaluate the impact of dehulling in conjunction with microwaving on the nutritional value, antioxidant activity and physicochemical properties of virgin rapeseed oil. Control oil produced from dehulled seeds (DRO) had higher amounts of bioactive compounds, such as tocochromanols and phytosterols, lower content of pigments, and higher content of primary and secondary oxidation products compared to oil pressed from whole seeds (WRO)...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291231/targeted-deep-sequencing-of-flowering-regulators-in-brassica-napus-reveals-extensive-copy-number-variation
#9
Sarah Schiessl, Bruno Huettel, Diana Kuehn, Richard Reinhardt, Rod J Snowdon
Gene copy number variation (CNV) is increasingly implicated in control of complex trait networks, particularly in polyploid plants like rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) with an evolutionary history of genome restructuring. Here we performed sequence capture to assay nucleotide variation and CNV in a panel of central flowering time regulatory genes across a species-wide diversity set of 280 B. napus accessions. The genes were chosen based on prior knowledge from Arabidopsis thaliana and related Brassica species...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284629/fermented-rapeseed-meal-is-effective-in-controlling-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-infection-and-improving-growth-performance-in-broiler-chicks
#10
Amin Ashayerizadeh, Behrouz Dastar, Mahmoud Shams Shargh, Alireza Sadeghi Mahoonak, Saeed Zerehdaran
The aim of present experiment was to assess the effects of fermented rapeseed meal (FRSM) on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) colonization and growth performance in broiler chicks. Two hundred forty day-old male Cobb 500 broiler chicks were divided into six experimental treatments with four replicates and 10 birds per each. The treatments were including two positive and negative controls which birds received a basal corn-soybean diet as well as four others which birds received the diets that rapeseed meal (RSM) or FRSM was replaced with soybean meal at 50 and 100% levels...
March 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283390/functional-characterization-of-brassica-napus-dna-topoisomerase-i%C3%AE-1-and-its-effect-on-flowering-time-when-expressed-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#11
Chenhao Gao, Shuanghui Qi, Kaige Liu, Dong Li, Changyu Jin, Shaowei Duan, Meng Zhang, Mingxun Chen
Previous studies have shown that DNA topoisomerase Iα (AtTOP1α) has specific developmental functions during growth and development in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, little is known about the roles of DNA topoisomerases in the closely related and commercially important plant, rapeseed (Brassica napus). Here, the full-length BnTOP1α-1 coding sequence was cloned from the A2 subgenome of the Brassica napus inbred line L111. We determine that all BnTOP1α paralogs showed differing patterns of expression in different organs of L111, and that when expressed in tobacco leaves as a fusion protein with green fluorescent protein, BnTOP1α-1 localized to the nucleus...
April 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276903/mechanical-hulling-and-thermal-pre-treatment-effects-on-rapeseed-oil-antioxidant-capacity-and-related-lipophilic-and-hydrophilic-bioactive-compounds
#12
Agnieszka Rękas, Małgorzata Wroniak, Aleksander Siger, Iwona Ścibisz, Dorota Derewiaka, Andrzej Anders
In this study, the effect of rapeseed mechanical hulling and thermal pre-treatment by microwaves (from 2 to 10 min with 2-min intervals, 800 W) and roasting (from 20 to 100 min with 20-min intervals, 165 °C) on the content of phytochemicals in the oil was investigated. Results showed that both pre-treatments applied differentiated the oils in terms of the content of bioactive compounds. In general, oils pressed from hulled and thermally pre-treated seeds contained higher content of tocopherols, PC-8 and phytosterols, while oils pressed from non-hulled and pre-processed seeds had significantly higher concentration of polyphenols...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270831/genomic-prediction-of-genotypic-effects-with-epistasis-and-environment-interactions-for-yield-related-traits-of-rapeseed-brassica-napus-l
#13
Xiang Luo, Yi Ding, Linzhong Zhang, Yao Yue, John H Snyder, Chaozhi Ma, Jun Zhu
Oilseed rape (Brassica napus) is an economically important oil crop, yet the genetic architecture of its complex traits remain largely unknown. Here, genome-wide association study was conducted for eight yield-related traits to dissect the genetic architecture of additive, dominance, epistasis, and their environment interaction. Additionally, the optimal genotype combination and the breeding value of superior line, superior hybrid and existing best line in mapping population were predicted for each trait in two environments based on the predicted genotypic effects...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242340/effect-of-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-rich-diacylglycerol-oil-on-protein-kinase-c-activation-in-the-rat-digestive-tract-and-lingual-mucosa
#14
Takuya Mori, Hiroshi Honda, Shunsuke Ishii, Yoshitaka Koga, Fumiaki Okahara, Shintaro Onishi, Taisuke Kawamoto, Akira Shimotoyodome
1,2-Diacylglycerol with short chain fatty acids is an endogenous activator of protein kinase C (PKC), which involved in multiple cellular processes implicated in cancer. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of dietary α-linolenic acid-rich diacylglycerol (ALA-DAG) oil on PKC activation in the rat digestive tract and lingual mucosa in comparison with the effects of α-linolenic acid-rich triacylglycerol (ALA-TAG) oil, and common dietary oil. Membranous PKC activity in the lingual mucosa of male Wistar rats was significantly activated by treatment of the tongue with 1,2-tetradecarnoylphorbol-13-acetate (100 μM) twice in 1 day...
February 24, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239385/hydrogen-peroxide-pretreatment-mitigates-cadmium-induced-oxidative-stress-in-brassica-napus-l-an-intrinsic-study-on-antioxidant-defense-and-glyoxalase-systems
#15
Mirza Hasanuzzaman, Kamrun Nahar, Sarvajeet S Gill, Hesham F Alharby, Bam H N Razafindrabe, Masayuki Fujita
Cadmium (Cd) is considered as one of the most toxic metals for plant growth and development. In the present study, we investigated the role of externally applied hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in regulating the antioxidant defense and glyoxalase systems in conferring Cd-induced oxidative stress tolerance in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Seedlings were pretreated with 50 μM H2O2 for 24 h. These pretreated seedlings as well as non-pretreated seedlings were grown for another 48 h at two concentrations of CdCl(2) (0...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235994/mass-spectrometry-profiling-of-oxylipins-endocannabinoids-and-n-acylethanolamines-in-human-lung-lavage-fluids-reveals-responsiveness-of-prostaglandin-e2-and-associated-lipid-metabolites-to-biodiesel-exhaust-exposure
#16
Sandra Gouveia-Figueira, Masoumeh Karimpour, Jenny A Bosson, Anders Blomberg, Jon Unosson, Jamshid Pourazar, Thomas Sandström, Annelie F Behndig, Malin L Nording
The adverse effects of petrodiesel exhaust exposure on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are well recognized. While biofuels such as rapeseed methyl ester (RME) biodiesel may have ecological advantages, the exhaust generated may cause adverse health effects. In the current study, we investigated the responses of bioactive lipid mediators in human airways after biodiesel exhaust exposure using lipidomic profiling methods. Lipid mediator levels in lung lavage were assessed following 1-h biodiesel exhaust (average particulate matter concentration, 159 μg/m(3)) or filtered air exposure in 15 healthy individuals in a double-blinded, randomized, controlled, crossover study design...
April 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224337/influence-of-ameliorating-soil-acidity-with-dolomite-on-the-priming-of-soil-c-content-and-co2-emission
#17
Muhammad Shaaban, Lei Wu, Qi-An Peng, Lukas van Zwieten, Muhammad Afzal Chhajro, Yupeng Wu, Shan Lin, Muhammad Mahmood Ahmed, Muhammad Salman Khalid, Muhammad Abid, Ronggui Hu
Lime or dolomite is commonly implemented to ameliorate soil acidity. However, the impact of dolomite on CO2 emissions from acidic soils is largely unknown. A 53-day laboratory study was carried out to investigate CO2 emissions by applying dolomite to an acidic Acrisol (rice-rapeseed rotation [RR soil]) and a Ferralsol (rice-fallow/flooded rotation [RF soil]). Dolomite was dosed at 0, 0.5, and 1.5 g 100 g(-1) soil, herein referred to as CK, L, and H, respectively. The soil pH(H2O) increased from 5.25 to 7...
February 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220206/a-user-guide-to-the-brassica-60k-illumina-infinium%C3%A2-snp-genotyping-array
#18
REVIEW
Annaliese S Mason, Erin E Higgins, Rod J Snowdon, Jacqueline Batley, Anna Stein, Christian Werner, Isobel A P Parkin
The Brassica napus 60K Illumina Infinium™ SNP array has had huge international uptake in the rapeseed community due to the revolutionary speed of acquisition and ease of analysis of this high-throughput genotyping data, particularly when coupled with the newly available reference genome sequence. However, further utilization of this valuable resource can be optimized by better understanding the promises and pitfalls of SNP arrays. We outline how best to analyze Brassica SNP marker array data for diverse applications, including linkage and association mapping, genetic diversity and genomic introgression studies...
February 20, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218778/identification-and-cloning-of-golden2-like1-glk1-a-transcription-factor-associated-with-chloroplast-development-in-brassica-napus-l
#19
Y L Pan, Y Pan, C M Qu, C G Su, J H Li, X G Zhang
Photosynthesis is the process by which dry matter accumulates, which affects rapeseed yield. In this study, we identified GOLDEN2-LIKE1 (GLK1), located on chromosome A07 and 59.2 kb away from the single nucleotide polymorphism marker SNP16353A07, which encodes a transcription factor associated with the rate of photosynthesis in leaves. We then identified 96 GLK1 family members from 53 species using a hidden Markov model (HMM) search and found 24 of these genes, which were derived from 17 Brassicaceae species...
February 16, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218523/transepithelial-transport-of-ywdhnnpqir-and-its-metabolic-fate-with-cytoprotection-against-oxidative-stress-in-human-intestinal-caco-2-cells
#20
Feiran Xu, Lifeng Wang, Xingrong Ju, Jing Zhang, Shi Yin, Jiayi Shi, Rong He, Qiang Yuan
Studies on antioxidant peptides extracted from foodstuff sources have included not only experiments to elucidate their chemical characteristics but also to investigate their bioavailability and intracellular mechanisms. This study was designed to clarify the absorption and antioxidative activity of YWDHNNPQIR (named RAP), which is derived from rapeseed protein using a Caco-2 cell transwell model. Results showed that 0.8% RAP (C0 = 0.2 mM, t = 90 min) could maintain the original structure across the Caco-2 cell monolayers via the intracellular transcytosis pathway, and the apparent drug absorption rate (Papp) was (6...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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