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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161783/cancer-treatment-and-management-for-elderly-patients-80-years-of-age-or-older-with-malignant-solid-tumors
#1
Mao Matsubayashi, Fumihiro Oshita, Natsuki Kawata, Takafumi Yanagibashi, Satoshi Tanaka, Yoshiteru Hao, Yuichi Kurakami, Keisuke Iwabuchi, Yohsuke Kunishi, Mitsuyasu Ohta, Yuki Nakamura, Kohichiro Yoshie
We retrospectively analyzed the backgrounds, treatment and nursing care for 96 patients aged 80 years or more with malignant tumors. Twenty of them were hospitalized on an emergency basis. Sixty patients were male and 36 were female, with a median age of 83 years (range: 80-94 years). Twenty-seven had a PS of 3 or 4, and 41 were rated as not independent based on analysis of autonomy at hospitalization. Forty-seven patients had clinical stage III or IV malignancies. The proportions of patients with disease complications were 33...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160897/social-integration-and-survival-after-diagnosis-of-colorectal-cancer
#2
Elizabeth A Sarma, Ichiro Kawachi, Elizabeth M Poole, Shelley S Tworoger, Edward L Giovannucci, Charles S Fuchs, Ying Bao
BACKGROUND: Although larger social networks have been associated with lower all-cause mortality, few studies have examined whether social integration predicts survival outcomes among patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The authors examined the association between social ties and survival after CRC diagnosis in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Participants included 896 women in the Nurses' Health Study who were diagnosed with stage I, II, or III CRC between 1992 and 2012...
November 21, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160487/educational-practices-of-nursing-in-the-puerperium-social-representations-of-puerperal-mothers
#3
Hilana Dayana Dodou, Tamires Daianny Araújo de Oliveira, Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá, Dafne Paiva Rodrigues, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Izaildo Tavares Luna
OBJECTIVE: To understand the social representations of puerperal women regarding the contents of the educational practices carried out by nursing in the puerperium. METHOD: Descriptive and qualitative study, carried out from June to September 2014, in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Nineteen puerperal women were administered a semi-structured interview. The Theory of Social Representations was used as a theoretical reference. Lexical analysis was performed with ALCESTE (version 2012) software...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160479/interactive-theory-of-breastfeeding-creation-and-application-of-a-middle-range-theory
#4
Cândida Caniçali Primo, Marcos Antônio Gomes Brandão
OBJECTIVE: To describe a breastfeeding theory based on King's Conceptual System. METHOD: Theoretical study that used analysis of concept, assertion synthesis, and derivation of theory for the creation of a new theory. RESULTS: King's system components were associated with elements of the breastfeeding process and a middle-range theory was created, which describes, explains, predicts, and prescribes breastfeeding by analyzing factors that precede and affect it, as well as their consequences on the breastfeeding process...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157568/providing-primary-care-using-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-model-what-clinicians-have-learned
#5
Cynthia S Selleck, Matthew Fifolt, Heidi Burkart, Jennifer Sandson Frank, William A Curry, Lisle S Hites
This article details a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) model that was developed to provide primary care to a medically indigent population in Birmingham, Alabama. Funding to develop and implement this project came from a federal Nurse Education, Practice, Quality and Retention award to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, with additional support coming from the UAB Hospital and Health System. The clinic is housed within a local community-based, non-profit organization and all services, including supplies and pharmaceuticals, are provided free of charge to this vulnerable population...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157257/patient-safety-culture-in-care-homes-for-older-people-a-scoping-review
#6
Emily Gartshore, Justin Waring, Stephen Timmons
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the role of safety culture in preventing incidents such as medication errors and falls. However, research and developments in safety culture has predominantly taken place in hospital settings, with relatively less attention given to establishing a safety culture in care homes. Despite safety culture being accepted as an important quality indicator across all health and social care settings, the understanding of culture within social care settings remains far less developed than within hospitals...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156480/-frailty-prevalence-in-the-resident-population-of-germany-70%C3%A2-%C3%A2-79-years-of-age-a-population-based-approach
#7
Judith Fuchs, Markus Busch, Christa Scheidt-Nave
In all countries life expectancy is rising, and many older persons spend a longer period in good health. Nevertheless, frailty is present in older people and can be considered as a risk factor for limitations. The "German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults" (DEGS1) 2008 - 2011 comprised interviews, examinations and tests. Data on 1110 community-dwelling people aged 70 to 79 years participating in DEGS1 with full records on frailty were analysed. Physical frailty was defined as exhaustion (SF-36 item), low grip strength, slowness (Timed Up-and-Go test > 15 seconds or unable to perform) and low physical activity (no sports or exertion)...
November 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153054/care-workers-in-argentina
#8
Valeria Esquivel, Francisca Pereyra
The working conditions, relative wages, and social standing of care occupations are the result of diverse causes that can worsen, improve, or neutralize the labor disadvantages usually found in care occupations. This article seeks to provide a perspective on the factors underlying care workers' working conditions in Argentina. It presents a comparative analysis of three highly feminized occupations-early education teachers, nurses, and domestic workers. After highlighting the different working conditions among these occupations, the paper focuses on the critically important role that unionization and state policies have played in defining each labor context in Argentina...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153012/conflict-between-nursing-student-s-personal-beliefs-and-professional-nursing-values
#9
David Pickles, Sheryl de Lacey, Lindy King
BACKGROUND: Studies have established that negative perceptions of people living with HIV/AIDS exist among nursing students throughout the world, perceptions which can be detrimental to the delivery of high-quality nursing care. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to explore socio-cultural influences on the perceptions of nursing students towards caring for people living with HIV/AIDS. RESEARCH DESIGN: The study was guided by stigma theory, a qualitative descriptive research approach was adopted...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152894/toward-a-comprehensive-theoretical-model-of-compassion-fatigue-an-integrative-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Siedine K Coetzee, Heather K S Laschinger
This study was an integrative literature review in relation to compassion fatigue models, appraising these models, and developing a comprehensive theoretical model of compassion fatigue. A systematic search on PubMed, EbscoHost (Academic Search Premier, E-Journals, Medline, PsycINFO, Health Source Nursing/Academic Edition, CINAHL, MasterFILE Premier and Health Source Consumer Edition), gray literature, and manual searches of included reference lists was conducted in 2016. The studies (n = 11) were analyzed, and the strengths and limitations of the compassion fatigue models identified...
November 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152856/treatment-associated-symptoms-and-coping-of-postoperative-patients-with-lung-cancer-in-japan-development-of-a-model-of-factors-influencing-hope
#11
Takae Bando, Chiemi Onishi, Yoshie Imai
AIM: Postoperative patients with lung cancer have a high recurrence rate and poor prognosis; hence, it was aimed to identify the factors affecting hope to develop a care-oriented perspective that focuses on the levels of hope of postoperative patients with lung cancer. METHODS: In the study, postoperative patients with lung cancer were included and data were collected for treatment-related symptoms, coping, and support-related factors as the primary variables. The Herth Hope Index, Quality of Life Questionnaire Lung Cancer Module of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Japanese version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, and Social Support Scale for Cancer Patients were used...
November 20, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151991/experiences-from-the-merger-of-clinics-in-the-swedish-public-dental-service-the-employee-perspective
#12
Christina Hassel Gustafsson, Anna-Lena Östberg
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences of employees regarding the merger of clinics within the Public Dental Service (PDS), Västra Götaland Region, Sweden. Methods: Employees (dentists, dental hygienists, dental nurses) affected by both administrative and geographical mergers of dental clinics answered a web-based survey about experiences and effects of the merger process (n = 99, 47%). The Swedish short-form version of "The Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work" (QPSNordic), the QPSNordic-34+ was used...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151560/-structural-equation-modeling-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-epilepsy
#13
Jeong Ok Ko, Myung Ha Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify variables influencing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adults with epilepsy in order to establish a structural model and design an intervention strategy to improve patients' HRQoL. METHODS: The selected subjects were 212 patients with epilepsy aged between 18 and 70 years who were currently receiving treatment from hospital, general hospital, and clinic. They were surveyed using a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: The goodness of fit measures of the final hypothetical model were as follows: χ²/df=2...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151557/-development-of-the-transition-shock-scale-for-newly-graduated-nurses
#14
Eun Young Kim, Jung Hee Yeo, Kyeong Im Yi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to assess the transition shock experienced by newly graduated nurses, and test the validity and reliability of the scale. METHODS: The initial items were identified through a review of literature and in-depth interviews with nine newly graduated nurses. Content validation of the items was evaluated by five nurse professors and three nurses. Participants were 269 newly graduated nurses who worked at six acute care hospitals in Busan, Ulsan, and Yangsan, South Korea...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151441/patients-initial-steps-to-cancer-diagnosis-in-denmark-england-and-sweden-what-can-a-qualitative-cross-country-comparison-of-narrative-interviews-tell-us-about-potentially-modifiable-factors
#15
John MacArtney, Marlene Malmström, Trine Overgaard Nielsen, Julie Evans, Britt-Marie Bernhardson, Senada Hajdarevic, Alison Chapple, Lars E Eriksson, Louise Locock, Birgit Rasmussen, Peter Vedsted, Carol Tishelman, Rikke Sand Andersen, Sue Ziebland
OBJECTIVES: To illuminate patterns observed in International Cancer Benchmarking Programme studies by extending understanding of the various influences on presentation and referral with cancer symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-country comparison of Denmark, England and Sweden with qualitative analysis of in-depth interview accounts of the prediagnostic process in lung or bowel cancer. PARTICIPANTS: 155 women and men, aged between 35 and 86 years old, diagnosed with lung or bowel cancer in 6 months before interview...
November 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150339/hair-concentration-of-trace-elements-and-growth-in-homeless-children-aged-6years-results-from-the-enfams-study
#16
Lucia Fábelová, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Cécile Vuillermoz, Robert Garnier, Sandrine Lioret, Jérémie Botton
BACKGROUND: Growth is an important indicator of health in early childhood. This is a critical developmental period, during which a number of factors, including exposure to metals, might play a role in later physical and metabolic functions. OBJECTIVE: To study the association between exposure to arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and selenium (Se), and physical growth of children from homeless families aged <6years. METHODS: This study was based on data of the cross-sectional survey (ENFAMS), which was conducted by the Observatoire du Samu Social on a random sample of homeless sheltered families in the Paris region during winter 2013...
November 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148598/job-strain-in-nursing-homes-exploring-the-impact-of-leadership
#17
Annica Backman, Karin Sjögren, Hugo Lövheim, David Edvardsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the association between leadership behaviours, job strain and social support as perceived by direct care staff in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: It is well known that aged care staff experience high levels of job strain, and that aged care staff experiencing job strain are exposed to increased risk for adverse health effects. Managerial leadership styles have been associated to job strain in the literature, however, the impact of perceived leadership behaviors' on staff job strain and social support has not been clarified within this context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148354/case-managers-for-high-risk-high-cost-patients-as-agents-and-street-level-bureaucrats
#18
Jeffrey Swanson, William G Weissert
Case management programs often designate a nurse or social worker to take responsibility for guiding care when patients are expected to be expensive or risk a major decline. We hypothesized that though an intuitively appealing idea, careful program design and faithful implementation are essential if case management programs are to succeed. We employed two theory perspectives, principal-agent framework and street-level bureaucratic theory to describe the relationship between program designers (principals) and case managers (agents/street-level bureaucrats) to review 65 case management studies...
August 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148112/big-data-and-data-science-in-healthcare-what-nurses-and-midwives-need-to-know
#19
EDITORIAL
Siobhan O'Connor
The evolution of technology in contemporary society has been accelerating in recent decades, with smaller, more interconnected hardware devices and software applications becoming the norm. As desktop computing paved the way for mobile platforms, which are now transitioning to wearable devices and other sensors, it is inevitable these electronic tools will advance into the realm of nanotechnology and biotechnology in the years to come. As the proliferation of information and communication technology continues it has led to a tsunami of digital data (Bates et al, 2014), which is being collected on many aspects of life...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148110/stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-nurse-managers-an-integrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Michael Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Greta G Cummings
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise and synthesize empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilized by Nurse Managers (NMs) when dealing with stress. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well -being, patients' outcomes, and organizational productivity. Considerable research has been done; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organizational issue has not been performed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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