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Zane Jaunmuktane, Annelies Quaegebeur, Ricardo Taipa, Miguel Viana-Baptista, Raquel Barbosa, Carolin Koriath, Raf Sciot, Simon Mead, Sebastian Brandner
Amyloid-β (Aβ) is a peptide deposited in the brain parenchyma in Alzheimer's disease and in cerebral blood vessels, causing cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). Aβ pathology is transmissible experimentally in animals and through medical procedures in humans, such as contaminated growth hormone or dura mater transplantation in the context of iatrogenic prion disease. Here, we present four patients who underwent neurosurgical procedures during childhood or teenage years and presented with intracerebral haemorrhage approximately three decades later, caused by severe CAA...
February 15, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
Muhammad Taimur Malik, Corey Myers, Syed Jaffar Kazmi, Ramin Zand
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy (CAA) is one of the significant causes of lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) mainly among elderly people. Sporadic cases of CAA have been linked to genetic polymorphisms with an increased risk of disease, an earlier presentation, and an accelerated pathology [1]. Here, we present a patient with no significant risk factors who had a recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage secondary to CAA probably induced by exercise.
December 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
Yuan Jiang, Mingdi Zhang, Songyi Lin, Sheng Cheng
The composition, structure, and proper positioning of amino acid in a peptide are closely related to its antioxidant activity. In this study, we purified antioxidant peptides from corn protein hydrolysates (CPH) and identified novel antioxidant peptides from fraction CPH2-III as Ala-Gly-Ile/Leu-Pro-Met (AGI/LPM; 487.62Da) and His-Ala-Ile/Leu-Gly-Ala (HAI/LGA; 467.53Da). AGLPM and HALGA exhibited better oxygen radical absorbance capacities than AGIPM and HAIGA did (P<0.05), as assessed using HepG2 cells with the cellular antioxidant activity assay (CAA) and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy...
March 2018: Food Research International
Yasuko Toyoshima, Hitoshi Takahashi
In 1999, a polyglutamine expansion was identified in the transcription factor TATA-binding protein (TBP) in a patient with ataxia with negative family history. Subsequently, CAG/CAA repeat expansions in the TBP gene were identified in families with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA), establishing this repeat expansion as the underlying mutation in SCA type 17 (SCA17). There are several characteristic differences between SCA17 and other polyglutamine diseases. First, SCA17 shows a complex and variable clinical phenotype, in some cases overlapping that of Huntington's disease...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Juuso Pellinen, Juha-Pekka Vasama, Ilkka Kivekäs
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate long-term benefits of atresiaplasty on hearing and the impact of surgery on quality of life (QoL) in congenital aural atresia (CAA) patients. METHODS: We evaluated the long-term hearing results, the impact of atresiaplasty on QoL, the meatal diameter of the operated ear canal, and the cumulative number of post-operative hospital visits in 14 CAA patients, on average, 12 years (range: 4-17 years) post-operatively. RESULTS: The mean preoperative pure tone average (PTA) was 61 dB HL...
February 9, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Ko Matsuo, Akihiro Shindo, Atsushi Niwa, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Hiroyasu Akatsu, Yoshio Hashizume, Haruhiko Akiyama, Takashi Ayaki, Takakuni Maki, Nobukatsu Sawamoto, Ryosuke Takahashi, Shinji Oikawa, Hidekazu Tomimoto
BACKGROUND: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is classified as type 1 with capillary amyloid β (Aβ) or type 2 without capillary Aβ. While it is known that CAA activates complement, an inflammatory mediator, there is no information on the relationship between capillary Aβ and complement activation. METHODS: We evaluated 34 autopsy brains, including 22 with CAA and 12 with other neurodegenerative diseases. We assessed the vascular density of CAA by analyzing the expression of complement (C1q, C3d, C6, C5b-9), macrophage scavenger receptor (MSR), and apolipoprotein E (ApoE)...
February 8, 2018: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Ramón Pacheco-Ordaz, Marilena Antunes-Ricardo, Janet A Gutiérrez-Uribe, Gustavo A González-Aguilar
Mango (Mangifera indica cv. Ataulfo) peel contains bound phenolics that may be released by alkaline or acid hydrolysis and may be converted into less complex molecules. Free phenolics from mango cv. Ataulfo peel were obtained using a methanolic extraction, and their cellular antioxidant activity (CAA) and permeability were compared to those obtained for bound phenolics released by alkaline or acid hydrolysis. Gallic acid was found as a simple phenolic acid after alkaline hydrolysis along with mangiferin isomers and quercetin as aglycone and glycosides...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Babak Hooshmand, Tuomo Polvikoski, Miia Kivipelto, Maarit Tanskanen, Liisa Myllykangas, Mira Mäkelä, Minna Oinas, Anders Paetau, Alina Solomon
BACKGROUND: CAIDE Dementia Risk Score is a tool for estimating dementia risk in the general population. Its longitudinal associations with Alzheimer or vascular neuropathology in the oldest old are not known. AIM: To explore the relationship between CAIDE Dementia Risk Score at baseline and neuritic plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, cerebral infarcts, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) after up to 10 years follow-up in the Vantaa 85+ population. METHODS: Study population included 149 participants aged ≥85 years, without dementia at baseline, and with available clinical and autopsy data...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
André Jakob, Rudiger von Kries, Judith Horstmann, Markus Hufnagel, Brigitte Stiller, Reinhard Berner, Eva Schachinger, Karoline Meyer, Viola Obermeier
IMPORTANCE: Diverse scores on high-risk Kawasaki disease patients (KD) have proven a good prognostic validity in the Japanese population. However, data on non-Japanese has been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: Do the Kobayashi, Egami and Sano scores or application of up-to-date statistical methods (Random Forest) predict response to standard IVIG therapy and the risk of persistent CAA in patients with KD in a mainly Caucasian population in Germany? DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data on 442 children (German population-based survey, 2013 and 2014) were used to assess the prognostic validity of the Kobayashi, Egami and Sano scores for being refractory to IVIG treatment and for predicting the risk of persistent coronary artery aneurysm (CAA)...
February 3, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Soledad Colombe, Myung Hee Lee, Peter J Masikini, Lisette van Lieshout, Claudia J de Dood, Pytsje T Hoekstra, Paul L A M Corstjens, Julius Mngara, Govert J van Dam, Jennifer A Downs
It has been postulated that impaired host immunity due to HIV infection reduces parasite egg excretion. Schistosoma/HIV interactions have also been shown to differ by sex. We hypothesized that egg excretion would vary based on both HIV status and sex. We examined data from more than 1,700 participants in eight studies conducted in northwest Tanzania between 2010 and 2016. Schistosoma infection was defined by circulating anodic antigen (CAA) serum levels ≥ 30 pg/mL and/or egg positivity in either stool by Kato Katz method or urine by filtration...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Aolin Jia, Yan Ren, Fengmei Gao, Guihong Yin, Jindong Liu, Lu Guo, Jizhou Zheng, Zhonghu He, Xianchun Xia
Four QTLs for adult-plant resistance to powdery mildew were mapped in the Zhou8425B/Chinese Spring population, and a new QTL on chromosome 3B was validated in 103 wheat cultivars derived from Zhou8425B. Zhou8425B is an elite wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) line widely used as a parent in Chinese wheat breeding programs. Identification of genes for adult-plant resistance (APR) to powdery mildew in Zhou8425B is of high importance for continued controlling the disease. In the current study, the high-density Illumina iSelect 90K single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array was used to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) for APR to powdery mildew in 244 recombinant inbred lines derived from the cross Zhou8425B/Chinese Spring...
February 1, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Li-Cheng Jiang, Jia-Yu Cao, Mao Chen
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) with concomitant aneurysms at multiple sites is quite unusual and rare. The characteristics and the etiology of this phenomenon are unknown. METHODS: Herein, we present a case with right coronary aneurysm with concomitant abdominal aorta as well as right renal artery aneurysm. A systematic review of the literatures regarding CAA with other coexisting aneurysms at multiple locations was also conducted on Medline and Embase databases...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andreas Charidimou, Jan O Friedrich, Steven M Greenberg, Anand Viswanathan
OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis of 4 core CSF biomarkers (β-amyloid [Aβ]42, Aβ40, total tau [t-tau], and phosphorylated tau [p-tau]) to assess which of these are most altered in sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed for eligible studies reporting data on CSF biomarkers reflecting amyloid precursor protein metabolism (Aβ42, Aβ40), neurodegeneration (t-tau), and tangle pathology (p-tau) in symptomatic sporadic CAA cohorts vs controls and patients with Alzheimer disease (AD)...
January 31, 2018: Neurology
Reiko Kawai, Osamu Nomura, Yutaro Tomobe, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Koichi Miyata, Hiroshi Sakakibara, Masaru Miura
AIM: We examined whether the Pediatric Assessment Triangle (PAT) could predict the severity of Kawasaki disease. METHODS: We enrolled patients diagnosed with Kawasaki disease between July 2012 and June 2016 at the emergency department of Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center in Tokyo, Japan. Triage nurses assigned participants to unstable or stable PAT groups. We compared the incidence of coronary artery aneurysms (CAA), the Kobayashi score, which measures resistance to intravenous immunoglobulin treatment, and the incidence of initial treatment resistance...
January 31, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Harry V Vinters, Chris Zarow, Ewa Borys, Jeffrey D Whitman, Spencer Tung, William G Ellis, Ling Zheng, Helena C Chui
The incidence and severity of cerebrovascular disease (CVD) increase with advancing age, as does the risk of developing Alzheimer disease (AD). Not surprisingly, heterogeneous forms of CVD may coexist with AD changes in the 'aging brain'. These include angiopathies (affecting both large and small arteries) that result from 'classical' risk factors (hypertension, smoking, diabetes) and others (cerebral amyloid angiopathy) that are biochemically closely linked to AD. The morphologic consequences of these various vascular diseases are infarcts and/or haemorrhages of varying sizes within the brain, which lead to neurocognitive decline that may mimic AD-though the vascular abnormalities are usually detectable by neuroimaging...
January 30, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Mira Mäkelä, Karri Kaivola, Miko Valori, Anders Paetau, Tuomo Polvikoski, Andrew B Singleton, Bryan J Traynor, David J Stone, Terhi Peuralinna, Pentti J Tienari, Maarit Tanskanen, Liisa Myllykangas
Objective: To test the association of distinct neuropathologic features of Alzheimer disease (AD) with risk loci identified in genome-wide association studies. Methods: Vantaa 85+ is a population-based study that includes 601 participants aged ≥85 years, of which 256 were neuropathologically examined. We analyzed 29 AD risk loci in addition to APOE ε4, which was studied separately and used as a covariate. Genotyping was performed using a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array (341 variants) and imputation (6,038 variants)...
February 2018: Neurology. Genetics
Tsukasa Oshima, Shun Minatsuki, Masahiro Myojo, Satoshi Kodera, Kan Nawata, Jiro Ando, Hiroshi Akazawa, Masafumi Watanabe, Minoru Ono, Issei Komuro
Coronary stent fracture (SF) is rare as a complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and its adverse events are increasingly being recognized with the development in devices of PCI. The major adverse events caused by SFs are in-stent restenosis due to neointimal overgrowth caused by poor drug delivery.1,2) A coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is a rare complication of SF, but may lead to lethal events such as acute coronary syndrome or rupture of the CAA further leading to cardiac tamponade.3-5) However, the management of CAAs is controversial with or without SF...
2018: International Heart Journal
Xue-Mei Qi, Cheng Wang, Xing-Kun Chu, Gen Li, Jian-Fang Ma
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) in brain parenchyma and cerebral blood vessels as cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). Clusterin, a chaperon protein associated with Aβ aggregation, toxicity and transport through blood-brain barrier, may play a key role in the development of AD. Recently, clusterin peptide D-[113-122] was shown to mimic clusterin's function and exerted therapeutic effect in atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated whether this clusterin peptide also affected (Aβ) deposition in AD transgenic mouse...
January 25, 2018: BMC Neuroscience
Kresimir Ukalovic, Sijia Cao, Sieun Lee, Qiaoyue Tang, Mirza Faisal Beg, Marinko V Sarunic, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung, Ian R Mackenzie, Veronica Hirsch-Reinshagen, Jing Z Cui, Joanne A Matsubara
BACKGROUND: Recent work on Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis focuses on neuroimaging modalities; however, these methods are expensive, invasive, and not available to all patients. Ocular imaging of biomarkers, such as drusen in the peripheral retina, could provide an alternative method to diagnose AD. OBJECTIVE: This study compares macular and peripheral drusen load in control and AD eyes. METHOD: Postmortem eye tissues were obtained from donors with a neuropathological diagnosis of AD...
January 23, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
Chien-Min Lin, Hidetaka Arishima, Ken-Ichiro Kikuta, Hironobu Naiki, Ryuhei Kitai, Toshiaki Kodera, Ken Matsuda, Norichika Hashimoto, Makoto Isozaki, Kenzo Tsunetoshi, Hiroyuki Neishi, Yoshifumi Higashino, Ayumi Akazawa, Hiroshi Arai, Shinsuke Yamada
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a degenerative disorder characterized by amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition in the brain microvessels. CAA is also known to contribute not only to cortical microbleeds but also lobar hemorrhages. This retrospective study examined CAA pathologically in patients who underwent direct surgeries for lobar hemorrhage. Thirty-three patients with lobar hemorrhage underwent open surgery with biopsy from 2007 to 2016 in our hospital. Cortical tissues over hematomas obtained surgically were pathologically examined using hematoxylin, eosin stain, and anti-Aβ antibody to diagnose CAA...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Neurology
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