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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665980/quality-of-life-and-anterior-resection-syndrome-after-surgery-for-mid-to-low-rectal-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Loris Trenti, Ana Galvez, Sebastiano Biondo, Alejandro Solis, Francesc Vallribera-Valls, Eloy Espin-Basany, Alvaro Garcia-Granero, Esther Kreisler
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the quality of life (QoL), low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) and fecal incontinence after surgery for mid to low rectal cancer and its relationship with the type of surgical procedure performed. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort survey study of 358 patients operated on for mid to low rectal cancer. Patients were included in three groups: abdominoperineal resection (APR), low mechanical colorectal anastomosis (CRA) and hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis (CAA)...
April 4, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625877/bioethanol-from-sugarcane-bagasse-focused-on-optimum-of-lignin-content-and-reduction-of-enzyme-addition
#2
Na Yu, Li Tan, Zhao-Yong Sun, Hiroto Nishimura, Shouta Takei, Yue-Qin Tang, Kenji Kida
To investigate the effect of delignification on enzymatic saccharification and ethanol fermentation of sugarcane bagasse (SCB), NaClO, NaOH, and Na2 CO3 were used to prepare SCB with different lignin contents. We found that a lignin content of approximately 11% was sufficient for enzymatic saccharification and fermentation. Based on this result, an economical delignification pretreatment method using a combination of acid and alkali (CAA) was applied. Lignin content of 11.7% was obtained after CAA pretreatment with 0...
April 3, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620941/cerebrovascular-%C3%AE-amyloid-deposition-and-associated-microhemorrhages-in-a-tg2576-alzheimer-mouse-model-are-reduced-with-a-dha-enriched-diet
#3
Justine Hur, Véronique Mateo, Nicolas Amalric, Mégane Babiak, Gilbert Béréziat, Claire Kanony-Truc, Thierry Clerc, Régis Blaise, Isabelle Limon
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a major contributor to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Like AD, CAA is often accompanied by marked inflammation, aggravating associated vasculopathies. No evidence-based prevention or treatment strategies are available. Here, we evaluate the possible beneficial effect of a diet enriched with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is known to attenuate inflammation in CAA. Tg2576 mice, a transgenic model of AD/CAA, were fed a DHA-enriched diet starting at 2 mo of age and ending at 10, 14, or 18 mo of age...
April 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619845/contribution-of-medial-cuneiform-osteotomy-to-correction-of-longitudinal-arch-collapse-in-stage-iib-adult-acquired-flatfoot-deformity
#4
Grace C Kunas, Huong T Do, Amiethab Aiyer, Jonathan T Deland, Scott J Ellis
Background Residual forefoot supination after correcting the hindfoot in stage IIb adult-acquired flatfoot deformity can be addressed with a dorsal opening wedge medial cuneiform (Cotton) osteotomy. The amount of correction is generally judged clinically, and there currently are no preoperative guides that can predict the size of graft needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between patient and operative factors and the correction achieved with the Cotton osteotomy. METHODS: Seventy-nine feet in 74 patients undergoing Cotton osteotomy as part of flatfoot reconstruction were reviewed retrospectively...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614657/cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-similarity-in-african-americans-and-caucasians-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Dennis M Kamara, Umesh Gangishetti, Marla Gearing, Monica Willis-Parker, Liping Zhao, William T Hu, Lary C Walker
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) of the Aβ type is variably present in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). CAA contributes to cognitive decline and increases the risk of lobar hemorrhage; because both AD-typical dementia and lobar hemorrhage are more common in African-Americans than in Caucasians, we postulated that African-Americans with AD might be particularly susceptible to CAA. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed CAA histopathologically in the large vessels and capillaries of autopsy-derived frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital cortical samples from African-Americans (n = 18) and Caucasians (n = 19) with end-stage AD...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611167/proteomics-study-of-serum-exosomes-in-kawasaki-disease-patients-with-coronary-artery-aneurysms
#6
Xiao-Fei Xie, Hong-Juan Chu, Yu-Fen Xu, Liang Hua, Zhou-Ping Wang, Ping Huang, Hong-Ling Jia, Li Zhang
BACKGROUND: To study the protein profile of the serum exosomes of patients with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) caused by Kawasaki disease (KD). METHODS: Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) was used to identify proteins from the exosomes of serum obtained from children with CAA caused by KD, as well as healthy controls. Differentially expressed proteins were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS) analysis...
April 3, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607919/-rapidly-deteriorated-lobar-intracerebral-hemorrhages-possible-association-of-varicella-zoster-virus-vasculopathy
#7
Jun Takeshita, Eiichi Nomura, Makoto Takemaru, Takahiro Himeno, Yutaka Shimoe, Masaru Kuriyama
A 75-year-old man having dementia and lifestyle related diseases developed a lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (LICH) in the left parietal and a small cerebellar infarction in the left occipital lobe. Many micro bleeds (MB) due to cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) in the subcortical areas and multiple vascular stenosis were also found by MRI and MRA. He developed herpes zoster in his buttocks on day 6 of hospitalization and complicated with varicella zoster virus (VZV) meningitis with positive for VZV-DNA in the cerebrospinal fluid...
March 31, 2018: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607197/kawasaki-disease-multiple-giant-coronary-aneurysms-intervention-and-pacemaker-implantation-due-to-complete-heart-block-a-case-report
#8
Chunping Liu, Junxia Li, Zhenshuang Cui, Lili Niu, Junyu Cui, Xinli Tian, Yujie Shi
Early intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is the standard treatment for Kawasaki disease (KD) to reduce the incidence of coronary aneurysms. Patients with atypical presentation or who live in a rural area are less likely to receive treatment in the early stage of presentation and are more likely to develop severe complications. There is little consensus on how to treat coronary aneurysms effectively in the acute or subacute stage especially when giant aneurysms develop that compromise cardiac function. This case study is of a 19-month-old girl who initially was not treated as KD and developed multivessel giant coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) (>8 mm), acute myocardial infarction, and complete heart block despite late intravenous IVIG administration...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604173/cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-review-of-clinico-radiological-features-and-mimics
#9
REVIEW
Rohit Sharma, Stephanie Dearaugo, Bernard Infeld, Richard O'Sullivan, Richard P Gerraty
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is an important cause of lobar intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in the elderly, but has other clinico-radiological manifestations. In the last two decades, certain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, namely gradient-recalled echo imaging and the newer and more sensitive susceptibility-weighted imaging, have been utilised to detect susceptibility-sensitive lesions such as cerebral microbleeds and cortical superficial siderosis. These can be utilised sensitively and specifically by the Modified Boston Criteria to make a diagnosis of CAA without the need for 'gold-standard' histopathology from biopsy...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574591/capillary-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-in-alzheimer-s-disease-association-with-allocortical-hippocampal-microinfarcts-and-cognitive-decline
#10
Moritz Hecht, Lara Maria Krämer, Christine A F von Arnim, Markus Otto, Dietmar Rudolf Thal
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is caused by the deposition of the amyloid β-protein (Aβ) in the wall of cerebral and leptomeningeal blood vessels and is related to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Capillary Aβ deposition is observed in a subset of CAA cases and represents a distinct type of CAA named capillary CAA or CAA type 1. This type of CAA is strongly associated with the presence of the apolipoprotein E ε4 allele. CAA type 1-associated AD cases often exhibit a more severe Aβ plaque pathology but less widespread neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) pathology...
March 24, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571523/congenital-aural-atresia-prevalence-in-the-argentinian-population
#11
Mario Emilio Zernotti, Carlos A Curet, Susana Cortasa, Mario Chiaraviglio, Maria Fernanda Di Gregorio
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Aural Atresia (CAA) or microtia is a malformation that results in esthetic and functional problems. There is little information on prevalence, considering that Latin American is the most affected region in the world. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of microtia, considering the different ethnical structure of the population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of the clinical reports of newborn infants (public hospitals) in three different regions...
March 20, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564347/aneurysmal-coronary-artery-disease-an-overview
#12
REVIEW
Mohamed S ElGuindy, Ahmed M ElGuindy
Aneurysmal coronary artery disease (ACAD) comprises both coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) and coronary artery ectasia (CAE). The reported prevalence of ACAD varies widely from 0.2 to 10%, with male predominance and a predilection for the right coronary artery (RCA). Atherosclerosis is the commonest cause of ACAD in adults, while Kawasaki disease is the commonest cause in children and adolescents, as well as in the Far East. Most patients are asymptomatic, but when symptoms do exist, they are usually related to myocardial ischemia...
October 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564144/spinocerebellar-ataxia-17-full-phenotype-in-a-41-cag-caa-repeats-carrier
#13
Paola Origone, Fabio Gotta, Merit Lamp, Lucia Trevisan, Alessandro Geroldi, Davide Massucco, Matteo Grazzini, Federico Massa, Flavia Ticconi, Matteo Bauckneht, Roberta Marchese, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Emilia Bellone, Paola Mandich
Background: Spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17) is one of the most heterogeneous forms of autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias with a large clinical spectrum which can mimic other movement disorders such as Huntington disease (HD), dystonia and parkinsonism. SCA17 is caused by an expansion of CAG/CAA repeat in the Tata binding protein ( TBP ) gene. Normal alleles contain 25 to 40 CAG/CAA repeats, alleles with 50 or greater CAG/CAA repeats are pathological with full penetrance. Alleles with 43 to 49 CAG/CAA repeats were also reported and their penetrance is estimated between 50 and 80%...
2018: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558742/amyloid-angiopathy-in-brain-hemorrhage-a-postmortem-neuropathological-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#14
Celine Guidoux, Jean-Jacques Hauw, Isabelle F Klein, Julien Labreuche, Claudine Berr, Charles Duyckaerts, Pierre Amarenco
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) include hypertension and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). The objective of this study was to determine the autopsy prevalence of CAA and the potential overlap with other risk factors among patients who died from ICH and also the correlation of CAA with cerebral microbleeds. METHODS: We analyzed 81 consecutive autopsy brains from patients with ICH. Staining for CAA detection was performed. We used an age- and sex-matched control group of routine brain autopsies of nonneurological patients to determine the frequencies of CAA and hypertension...
March 20, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556933/primary-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-closer-look-at-hypertension-and-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy
#15
David Roh, Chung-Huan Sun, J Michael Schmidt, Edip Gurol, Santosh Murthy, Soojin Park, Sachin Agarwal, E Sander Connolly, Jan Claassen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) studies often use hematoma location rather than ICH etiologies when assessing outcome. Characterizing ICH using hematoma location is effective/reproducible, but may miss heterogeneity among these ICH locations, particularly lobar ICH where competing primary ICH etiologies are possible. We subsequently investigated baseline characteristics/outcome differences of spontaneous, primary ICH by their etiologies: cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and hypertension...
March 19, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554081/duration-of-high-dose-aspirin-therapy-does-not-affect-long-term-coronary-artery-outcomes-in-kawasaki-disease
#16
Karl Migally, Elizabeth A Braunlin, Lei Zhang, Bryce A Binstadt
BACKGROUND: High-dose aspirin (HDA) is used with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in Kawasaki Disease (KD). Practice regarding HDA varies, and it is unclear whether HDA duration affects long-term course. METHODS: We retrospectively studied KD patients at our hospital over 10 years. Patients were categorized as having received HDA for 0, 1-7, or >7 days. Primary outcome was maximum coronary Z-score at diagnosis and follow-up; secondary outcomes included inflammatory markers...
March 19, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541613/recent-updates-on-echocardiography-and-ultrasound-for-kawasaki-disease-beyond-the-coronary-artery
#17
REVIEW
Nobutaka Noto, Akiko Komori, Mamoru Ayusawa, Shori Takahashi
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis with a predilection for damage to the coronary arteries. In the acute phase, clinical decision making for KD relies on the measurements of the coronary z-score obtained by 2-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). In the convalescent phase, KD patients with coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) eventually show arteriosclerotic vascular remodeling characterized by marked intimal proliferation and neoangiogenesis after KD vasculitis, which often induces myocardial ischemia...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526127/-radiological-forms-of-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy
#18
Sándor Csizmadia, Erika Vörös
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is most commonly recognized by β-amyloid deposition in the small and medium sized vessels of the brain. The 71-year-old female presented with a sudden onset of vertigo and headache. By native computer tomography (CT) examination we found cerebral atrophy and the sign of chronic vascular injury. The complaints of the patient worsened, thus magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed. The MRI scan revealed a bleeding transformation of an ischemic lesion in the right occipital region...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518440/benefit-of-immediate-coronary-angiography-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-france-a-nationwide-propensity-score-analysis-from-the-r%C3%A3-ac-registry
#19
Déborah Jaeger, Florence Dumas, Josephine Escutnaire, Sonia Sadoune, Adrien Lauvray, Carlos Elkhoury, Adrien Bassand, Nicolas Girerd, Pierre Yves Gueugniaud, Karim Tazarourte, Hervé Hubert, Alain Cariou, Tahar Chouihed
BACKGROUND: The survival rate of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains extremely low, generally under 10%. Post-resuscitation care, and particularly early coronary reperfusion, may improve this outcome. The main objective of the present study was to determine whether patients with immediate coronary angiography at hospital admission (CAA) had a better outcome than patients without immediate CAA. METHODS: This cohort analysis study was based on data extracted from the French National Cardiac Arrest registry (RéAC)...
March 5, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507955/association-of-severity-of-coronary-artery-aneurysms-in-patients-with-kawasaki-disease-and-risk-of-later-coronary-events
#20
Masaru Miura, Tohru Kobayashi, Tetsuji Kaneko, Mamoru Ayusawa, Ryuji Fukazawa, Naoya Fukushima, Shigeto Fuse, Kenji Hamaoka, Keiichi Hirono, Taichi Kato, Yoshihide Mitani, Seiichi Sato, Shinya Shimoyama, Junko Shiono, Kenji Suda, Hiroshi Suzuki, Jun Maeda, Kenji Waki, Hitoshi Kato, Tsutomu Saji, Hiroyuki Yamagishi, Aya Ozeki, Masako Tomotsune, Makiko Yoshida, Yohei Akazawa, Kentaro Aso, Shouzaburoh Doi, Yoshi Fukasawa, Kenji Furuno, Yasunobu Hayabuchi, Miyuki Hayashi, Takafumi Honda, Norihisa Horita, Kazuyuki Ikeda, Masahiro Ishii, Satoru Iwashima, Masahiro Kamada, Masahide Kaneko, Hiroshi Katyama, Yoichi Kawamura, Atushi Kitagawa, Akiko Komori, Kenji Kuraishi, Hiroshi Masuda, Shinichi Matsuda, Satoshi Matsuzaki, Sayaka Mii, Tomoyuki Miyamoto, Yuji Moritou, Noriko Motoki, Kiyoshi Nagumo, Tsuneyuki Nakamura, Eiki Nishihara, Yuichi Nomura, Shohei Ogata, Hiroyuki Ohashi, Kenichi Okumura, Daisuke Omori, Tetsuya Sano, Eisuke Suganuma, Tsutomu Takahashi, Shinichi Takatsuki, Atsuhito Takeda, Masaru Terai, Manatomo Toyono, Kenichi Watanabe, Makoto Watanabe, Masaki Yamamoto, Kenichiro Yamamura
Importance: Few studies with sufficient statistical power have shown the association of the z score of the coronary arterial internal diameter with coronary events (CE) in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA). Objective: To clarify the association of the z score with time-dependent CE occurrence in patients with KD with CAA. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter, collaborative retrospective cohort study of 44 participating institutions included 1006 patients with KD younger than 19 years who received a coronary angiography between 1992 and 2011...
March 5, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
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