keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cgms

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780415/comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-lispro-and-aspart-evaluated-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes
#1
Bing-Li Liu, Guo-Ping Yin, Feng-Fei Li, Yun Hu, Jin-Dan Wu, Mao-Yuan Chen, Lei Ye, Xiao-Fei Su, Jian-Hua Ma
Objective: To compare the effect of the rapid-acting insulin analogues (RAIAs) aspart (NovoRapid) and lispro (Prandilin) on glycemic variations by continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in patients within newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) receiving continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and metformin intensive therapy. Methods: This is a single-blind randomized controlled trial. A total of 110 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM and with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c%) above 9% was hospitalized and randomly divided into two groups: group Asp (NovoRapid group) and group Lis (Prandilin group)...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744819/comparison-of-glycemic-variability-in-chinese-t2dm-patients-treated-with-exenatide-or-insulin-glargine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ting-Ting Yin, Yan Bi, Ping Li, Shan-Mei Shen, Xiao-Lu Xiong, Li-Jun Gao, Can Jiang, Yan Wang, Wen-Huan Feng, Da-Long Zhu
INTRODUCTION: Increasing the frequency of blood glucose monitoring aids the evaluation of glycemic variability and blood glucose control by antidiabetic drugs. It remains unclear, however, whether GLP-1 receptor agonists or basal insulin has a better effect on glycemic variability in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients who are inadequately controlled by metformin. We used a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) to compare patients on a GLP-1 receptor agonist with patients on basal insulin in terms of glycemic variability...
May 9, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710870/effects-of-providing-high-fat-versus-high-carbohydrate-meals-on-daily-and-postprandial-physical-activity-and-glucose-patterns-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Evelyn B Parr, Brooke L Devlin, Marcus J Callahan, Bridget E Radford, Jennifer M Blankenship, David W Dunstan, John A Hawley
We determined the effects of altering meal timing and diet composition on temporal glucose homeostasis and physical activity measures. Eight sedentary, overweight/obese men (mean ± SD, age: 36 ± 4 years; BMI: 29.8 ± 1.8 kg/m²) completed two × 12-day (12-d) measurement periods, including a 7-d habitual period, and then 5 d of each diet (high-fat diet [HFD]: 67:15:18% fat:carbohydrate:protein versus high-carbohydrate diet [HCD]: 67:15:18% carbohydrate:fat:protein) of three meals/d at ±30 min of 0800 h, 1230 h, and 1800 h, in a randomised order with an 8-d washout...
April 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577977/transcriptome-profiling-and-cataloging-differential-gene-expression-in-floral-buds-of-fertile-and-sterile-lines-of-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum-l
#4
Rasmieh Hamid, Rukam S Tomar, Hassan Marashi, Saeid Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Balaji A Golakiya, Motahhareh Mohsenpour
Cytoplasmic Male Sterility is maternally inherited trait in plants, characterized by failure to produce functional pollen during anther development. Anther development is modulated through the interaction of nuclear and mitochondrial genes. In the present study, differential gene expression of floral buds at the sporogenous stage (SS) and microsporocyte stage (MS) between CGMS and its fertile maintainer line of cotton plants was studied. A total of 320 significantly differentially expressed genes, including 20 down-regulated and 37 up-regulated in CGMS comparing with its maintainer line at the SS stage, as well as and 89 down-regulated and 4 up-regulated in CGMS compared to the fertile line at MS stage...
March 22, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553071/association-between-diabetic-microangiopathies-and-glycemic-variability-assessed-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#5
Satomi Sonoda, Yosuke Okada, Hiroko Mori, Fumi Uemura, Kei Sugai, Maiko Hajime, Kenichi Tanaka, Akira Kurozumi, Manabu Narisawa, Keiichi Torimoto, Yoshiya Tanaka
The aim of this retrospective study was to elucidate the association between glucose profile using the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) and microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The subjects were 160 inpatients with T2DM. The mean blood glucose (MBG) level, percentage of time in a 24-hour period spent with blood glucose level higher than 180 mg/dl (time at >180 mg/dl), standard deviation (SD), and mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE) were measured continuously over 48 hours using the CGMS...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530081/evaluating-optimal-utilisation-of-technology-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-from-a-clinical-and-health-economic-perspective-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#6
Anthony Pease, Clement Lo, Arul Earnest, Danny Liew, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: Technology has been implemented since the 1970s with the hope of improving glycaemic control and reducing the burden of complications for those living with type 1 diabetes. A clinical and cost-effectiveness comparison of all available technologies including continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), continuous glucose monitors (CGMs), sensor-augmented pump therapy (including either low-glucose suspend or predictive low-glucose suspend), hybrid closed-loop systems, closed-loop (single-hormone or dual-hormone) systems, flash glucose monitoring (FGM), insulin bolus calculators, and 'smart-device' applications is currently lacking...
March 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516622/new-insights-from-continuous-glucose-monitoring-into-the-route-to-diabetes
#7
Ana Colas, Luis Vigil, Carmen Rodríguez de Castro, Borja Vargas, Manuel Varela
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is preceded by a period of impaired glucoregulation. We investigated if continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) (1) could improve our capacity to predict the development of T2DM in subjects at risk. (2) Find out if impaired fasting glucose/impaired glucose tolerance differentiation through CGMS would also elucidate differences in clinical phenotypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational study of 209 hypertensive patients, aged 18 to 85 years who wore at entry a CGMS...
March 8, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421488/comparison-of-the-pharmacodynamics-of-protamine-zinc-insulin-and-insulin-degludec-and-validation-of-the-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system-ipro2-in-healthy-cats
#8
Elena Salesov, Eric Zini, Angelina Riederer, Thomas A Lutz, Claudia E Reusch
With the aim to improve current therapeutic and monitoring options for diabetic cats, the present study compared pharmacodynamic parameters of protamine zinc insulin (PZI) and insulin degludec and validated the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) iPro2 with Sof-sensor and Enlite-sensor focusing on the low glycemic range. Three doses (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3IU/kg) of the two insulin preparations and the CGMS iPro2 with two different sensors were tested in six healthy cats. After each insulin administration, onset of action, time to glucose nadir and duration of action were calculated by measuring glucose concentrations with a portable blood glucose meter (PBGM)...
January 26, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378680/continuous-glucose-monitoring-to-evaluate-glycaemic-abnormalities-in-cystic-fibrosis
#9
Mariana Zorrón Mei Hsia Pu, Aline Cristina Gonçalves, Walter José Minnicucci, André Moreno Morcillo, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Antonio Fernando Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the glycaemic profile of patients with cystic fibrosis using a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS), and to evaluate the associations of glycaemic abnormalities with sex, age, pubertal stage, CFTR gene mutations, nutritional status, lung function, oral glucose tolerance test, glycated haemoglobin concentrations, fasting insulin concentrations, C peptide concentrations and exocrine pancreatic function. STUDY DESIGN: This observational study evaluated CGMS data from 39 patients with cystic fibrosis who were treated at a referral centre...
January 29, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340167/subcutaneous-glucagon-infusion-and-continuous-glucose-monitoring-enable-effective-management-of-hypoglycemia-in-a-patient-with-igf-2-producing-hemangiopericytoma
#10
Eric D Buras, Emily Weatherup, Jennifer Wyckoff
Background: Ectopic insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-2 production is a rare complication of an array of epithelial and mesenchymal tumors, and can clinically manifest as life-threatening hypoglycemia. Case presentation: A 49-year-old woman with 13-year history of metastatic hemangiopericytoma, previously treated with multiple rounds of chemotherapy and palliative radiation, presented to the emergency department after a hypoglycemic seizure. On arrival, glucose was 18 mg/dL (1...
2018: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329721/quantifying-fluctuation-in-glucose-levels-to-identify-early-changes-in-glucose-homeostasis-in-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Rossa Brugha, Marie Wright, Suzie Nolan, Nicola Bridges, Siobhán B Carr
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis related diabetes (CFRD) is associated with increased morbidity in CF. Variability in physiological systems is associated with dysfunctional homeostasis. We examined whether fluctuation in glucose is a marker of CFRD or "pre-diabetes". METHODS: Using a machine learning approach, we compared glucose IQR to current diagnostic criteria in a review of continuous glucose monitoring data. RESULTS: Analysis was performed on 248 studies from 142 children...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320884/correlation-between-third-trimester-glycemic-variability-in-non-insulin-dependent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-adverse-pregnancy-and-fetal-outcomes
#12
Wanwadee Sapmee Panyakat, Chayawat Phatihattakorn, Apiradee Sriwijitkamol, Prasert Sunsaneevithayakul, Amprapha Phaophan, Aporn Phichitkanka
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a pregnancy-related metabolic complication. Despite optimal glycemic control from self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) in non-insulin-dependent GDM, variations in pregnancy outcomes persist. Glycemic variability is believed to be a factor that causes adverse pregnancy outcomes. Continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) detects interstitial glucose values every 5 minutes, and glycemic variability data from CGMS during the third trimester may be a predictor of fetal birth weight and pregnancy outcomes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137476/acute-glycemic-changes-in-brain-and-subcutaneous-tissue-measured-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system-in-hereditary-hypertriglyceridemic-rat
#13
M Žourek, P Kyselová, D Čechurová, Z Rušavý
Parallel glucose measurements in blood and other different tissues give us knowledge about dynamics of glycemia changes, which depend on vascularization, distribution space and local utilization by tissues. Such information is important for the understanding of glucose homeostasis and regulation. The aim of our study was to determine the time-lag between blood, brain, and adipose tissue during rapid glucose changes in a male hHTG rat (n=15). The CGMS sensor Guardian RT (Minimed/Medtronic, USA) was inserted into the brain and into the abdominal subcutaneous tissue...
March 16, 2018: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129244/the-risk-for-hypoglycemia-during-ramadan-fasting-in-patients-with-adrenal-insufficiency
#14
Melika Chihaoui, Wafa Grira, Jihene Bettaieb, Meriem Yazidi, Fatma Chaker, Ons Rejeb, Ibtissem Oueslati, Moncef Feki, Naziha Kaabachi, Hedia Slimane
OBJECTIVES: The risk for hypoglycemia during Ramadan fasting in patients with adrenal insufficiency (AI) is not fully known. The aims of this study were to evaluate this risk objectively and to determine the associated factors. METHODS: This prospective case-crossover study included 25 women and 5 men with known and treated AI and a median age of 38.5 y. Patients underwent clinical examination and a fasting blood sample was collected to measure glucose, urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, cortisol, growth hormone and free thyroxine...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106815/high-dose-glucocorticoid-treatment-does-not-induce-severe-hyperglycemia-in-young-patients-with-autoimmune-diseases-by-cgms
#15
Ying Zhou, Yan Zhao, Tao Yuan, Nan Jiang, Yingyue Dong, Yunjiao Yang, Li Wang, Jiuliang Zhao, Le Min, Weigang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: High-dose glucocorticoids (HDG) are used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Glucocorticoids-induced hyperglycemia (GIH) is often described in elderly patients. In young patients with autoimmune diseases, however, the risk for GIH has not been well characterized. METHODS: We recruited 24 inpatients (median age, 32 years; interquartile range, 25-42) with exacerbations of autoimmune diseases, receiving 1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent methylprednisone...
January 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081069/different-methods-and-settings-for-glucose-monitoring-for-gestational-diabetes-during-pregnancy
#16
REVIEW
Puvaneswary Raman, Emily Shepherd, Therese Dowswell, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. Blood glucose monitoring plays a crucial part in maintaining glycaemic control in women with GDM and is generally recommended by healthcare professionals. There are several different methods for monitoring blood glucose which can be carried out in different settings (e.g. at home versus in hospital). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to compare the effects of different methods and settings for glucose monitoring for women with GDM on maternal and fetal, neonatal, child and adult outcomes, and use and costs of health care...
October 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032494/the-effects-of-add-on-exenatide-to-insulin-on-glycemic-variability-and-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
L-L Jiang, S-Q Wang, B Ding, J Zhu, T Jing, L Ye, K-O Lee, J-D Wu, J-H Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of add-on exenatide to insulin on glycemic excursion and the counter-regulatory hormone in response to hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: 30 patients with T1DM were recruited and randomly assigned to exenatide + insulin-treated group (group 1, n = 15) or insulin-only-treated group (group 2, n = 15) for 4 weeks. All patients had continuous glucose monitor system (CGMS) applied at before (week-0) and after (week-4) treatment to evaluate the glycemic variability...
May 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978579/nocturnal-reactive-hypoglycaemia-well-treated-subjectively-and-objectively-with-voglibose
#18
Hiroyuki Koyama, Hideomi Ohguchi, Takashi Yagi, Kenro Imaeda
Clinicians sometimes encounter difficulty in diagnosing hypoglycaemia. Here, we present a case report of a 53-year-old woman with recurrent nocturnal hypoglycaemia. A continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) revealed postprandial hyperglycaemia and subsequent hypoglycaemia, and an oral glucose tolerance test showed an impaired glycaemic and delayed hyperinsulinaemic pattern. On the basis of these clinical findings, we diagnosed her unexplained hypoglycaemia as reactive hypoglycaemia. CGMS showed a sharp contrast of diurnal variation in blood glucose levels including hypoglycaemia between before and after treatment with an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, voglibose...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967612/a-history-of-continuous-glucose-monitors-cgms-in-self-monitoring-of-diabetes-mellitus
#19
REVIEW
David Olczuk, Ronny Priefer
Self-monitoring of glucose for individuals afflicted with diabetes mellitus has allowed patients to take control of their disease and thus directly affect the outcomes related to it. It has been almost a century since the first test to monitor one's sugar was developed; that being a urine test. The most well-known and prominent medical device for monitor blood glucose for individuals with diabetes are the finger-prick devices. This itself is an approximately 50year old technology. More recently has been the introduction of continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) which entered the market place in the last year of the 20th century...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898340/-from-insulin-pump-and-continuous-glucose-monitoring-to-the-artificial-pancreas
#20
REVIEW
Pamela Apablaza, Néstor Soto, Ethel Codner
Technology for diabetes care has undergone major development during recent decades. These technological advances include continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), also known as insulin pumps, and real-time continuous glucose monitoring system (RT-CGMS). The integration of CSII and RT-CGMS into a single device has led to sensor-augmented pump therapy and more recently, a technology that has automated delivery of basal insulin therapy, known as hybrid system. These new technologies have led to benefits in attaining better metabolic control and decreasing the incidence of severe hypoglycemia, especially in patients with type 1 diabetes...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
keyword
keyword
51523
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"