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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141291/-peripheral-blood-circulating-tumor-cells-in-local-advanced-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
J L Lou, L Guo, W H Zheng, J Z Zhao, J Q Zhao, Z Liang, S Y Wang, M Y Fang
Objective: To investigate the value of detecting circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with local advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LAHNSCC). Methods: Twenty cases of LAHNSCC and eight healthy cases as the negative control were collected. The clinicopathological factors were evaluated. The LAHNSCC CTCs were enriched by specific antibody nanofluidic chip immunoassay using CytoSorter CTCs sorting system. LAHNSCC CTCs were identified by immunofluorescence staining. The relationships between CTCs and the clinicopathological features of LAHNSCC were analyzed...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141286/ultrasound-features-of-secondary-appendicitis-in-pediatric-patients
#2
Lyo Min Kwon, Kwanseop Lee, Soo Kee Min, Soo Min Ahn, Hong Il Ha, Min-Jeong Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ultrasonographic findings of secondary appendicitis (SA) and to discuss the differential findings compared with primary appendicitis. Methods: In this study, we analyzed the ultrasonographic findings of 94 patients under 15 years old of age treated at our institution from May 2005 to May 2014 who had bowel inflammation and an inflamed appendix with a maximal outer diameter >6 mm that improved with nonsurgical treatment (the SA group)...
August 25, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141125/elevated-proinflammatory-markers-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-are-associated-with-psychosis-and-cognitive-deficits
#3
Ehud Mekori-Domachevsky, Michal Taler, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Michael Gurevich, Polina Sonis, Omri Weisman, Abraham Weizman, Doron Gothelf
OBJECTIVE: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a neurogenetic disorder whose phenotype includes high rates of a schizophrenia-like psychotic disorder and immune system abnormalities. Thus, 22q11.2DS is an ideal model for studying the relationship between psychosis and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to identify inflammatory markers that may play a role in the pathophysiologic pathways associated with psychosis and cognitive deficits in 22q11.2DS. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals with 22q11...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141080/the-associations-of-lens-power-with-age-and-axial-length-in-healthy-chinese-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-to-18-years
#4
Shuyu Xiong, Bo Zhang, Yuan Hong, Xiangui He, Jianfeng Zhu, Haidong Zou, Xun Xu
Purpose: To investigate the relationship between lens power and age as well as the relationship between lens power and axial length (AL) in Chinese children and adolescents. Methods: The participants underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination that included AL, cycloplegic refraction, and Pentacam measurements. The crystalline lens power was calculated using Bennett's formula and then compared among the children of different age groups, refractive statuses, and AL categories...
November 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140896/cold-water-ingestion-improves-exercise-tolerance-of-heat-sensitive-people-with-ms
#5
Georgia K Chaseling, Davide Filingeri, Michael Barnett, Phu Hoang, Scott L Davis, Ollie Jay
PURPOSE: Heat intolerance commonly affects the exercise capacity of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) during bouts of hot weather. Cold-water ingestion is a simple cooling strategy but its efficacy for prolonging exercise capacity with MS remains undetermined. We sought to identify whether cold-water ingestion blunts exercise-induced rises in body temperature and improves exercise tolerance in heat-sensitive individuals with MS. METHODS: On two separate occasions, 20 participants (10 relapsing-remitting MS (EDSS: 1-5); 10 age-matched healthy controls (CON)) cycled at ~40% VO2max at 30°C, 30%RH until volitional exhaustion (or a maximum of 60 min)...
November 15, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140632/grain-entrapment-pressure-on-the-torso-can-you-breathe-while-buried-in-grain
#6
Kevin G Moore, Carol L Jones
The pressure applied to the chest and back of a simulated grain entrapment victim was measured. Pressure sensors were attached to the chest and back of a manikin that was buried in grain in the vertical position. Measurements were made in four grain types at four grain depths ranging from the top of the manikin's shoulders to 0.61 m (24 in.) over the head. The pressure ranged from 1.6 to 4.0 kPa (0.23 to 0.57 psi). Based on available physiological information, this amount of pressure is unlikely to limit the respiration of an otherwise healthy adult male victim...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140587/comparison-of-haematology-and-biochemistry-parameters-in-healthy-south-african-infants-with-laboratory-reference-intervals
#7
B Schmidt, M Tameris, H Geldenhuys, A Luabeya, E Bunyasi, T Hawkridge, J B McClain, H Mahomed, T J Scriba, H McShane, M Hatherill
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric laboratory reference intervals used in Africa and Asia may be derived from historical intervals of predominantly Caucasian infants in Europe or North America. These intervals may therefore not be compatible with the range of normality for developing country populations. We aimed to compare haematology and biochemistry parameters in healthy South African infants with local laboratory reference intervals. METHODS: We compared the baseline haematology and biochemistry results of 634 (316 male and 318 female) HIV-unexposed infants, aged 3-6 months, living in a rural area of the Western Cape Province, South Africa, against laboratory reference intervals supplied by the South African National Health Laboratory Services (NHLS)...
November 15, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140513/amino-acid-and-fatty-acid-levels-affect-hepatic-phosphorus-metabolite-content-in-metabolically-healthy-humans
#8
Sabine Kahl, Bettina Nowotny, Klaus Straßburger, Alessandra Bierwagen, Birgit Klüppelholz, Barbara Hoffmann, Guido Giani, Peter J Nowotny, Franziska Wallscheid, Erifili Hatziagelaki, Giovanni Pacini, Jong-Hee Hwang, Michael Roden
Objective: Hepatic energy metabolism negatively relates to insulin resistance and liver fat content in type 2 diabetes patients, but its role in metabolically healthy humans is unclear. We hypothesized that intrahepatocellular γ-adenosine triphosphate (γATP) and inorganic phosphate (Pi) concentrations exhibit similar associations with insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic non-obese volunteers. Research Design and methods: A total of 76 participants underwent a 4-point sampling 75-g OGTT as well as in vivo31P/1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140264/what-if-healthy-aging-is-the-new-normal
#9
EDITORIAL
Marcia G Ory, Matthew Lee Smith
We dedicate this special issue to our colleague, Dr. Lucinda Bryant (1941-2016).[...].
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140150/radiotherapy-for-cervical-cancer-impact-on-the-vaginal-epithelium-and-sexual-function
#10
Alexandra Hofsjö, Karin Bergmark, Bo Blomgren, Helen Jahren, Nina Bohm-Starke
BACKGROUND: Women who have been treated for cervical cancer have persistent changes in their sexual function, which result in considerable distress. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphology of the vaginal epithelium in cervical cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy and its correlation to serum levels of sex steroid hormones and sexual function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 34 patients treated for cervical cancer with radiotherapy and 37 healthy age-matched control women scheduled for benign gynecological surgery...
November 15, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140146/awareness-and-attitude-towards-use-of-dietary-supplements-and-the-perceived-outcomes-among-saudi-adult-male-members-of-fitness-centers-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Hanan A Alfawaz, Soundararajan Krishnaswamy, Latifah Al-Faifi, Halima Ali Bin Atta, Mohammad Al-Shayaa, Saad A Alghanim, Nasser M Al-Daghri
Dietary supplements are believed to enhance athletic performance and/or prevent/reverse pathological states. Despite the increasing use of dietary supplements in Saudi Arabia, systematic studies in this field are lacking. This study aims to assess the relation between demographic and social characteristics and dietary supplement use among adult males in Saudi Arabia. Demographic and dietary supplements data from fitness club participants were collected through a questionnaire and Pearson Chi-square test was used to determine associations...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#12
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139161/cognitive-abilities-brain-white-matter-hyperintensity-volume-and-structural-network-connectivity-in-older-age
#13
Stewart J Wiseman, Tom Booth, Stuart J Ritchie, Simon R Cox, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Maria Del C Valdés Hernández, David Alexander Dickie, Natalie A Royle, John M Starr, Ian J Deary, Joanna M Wardlaw, Mark E Bastin
OBJECTIVE: To assess brain structural connectivity in relation to cognitive abilities in healthy ageing, and the mediating effects of white matter hyper-intensity (WMH) volume. METHODS: MRI data were analysed in 558 members of the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. Brains were segmented into 85 regions and combined with tractography to generate structural connectomes. WMH volume was quantified. Relationships between whole-brain connectivity, assessed using graph theory metrics, and four major domains of cognitive ability (visuospatial reasoning, verbal memory, information processing speed and crystallized ability) were investigated, as was the mediating effects of WMH volume on these relationships...
November 14, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139130/less-cortical-thickness-in-patients-with-persistent-post-traumatic-headache-compared-with-healthy-controls-an-mri-study
#14
Catherine D Chong, Visar Berisha, Chia-Chun Chiang, Katherine Ross, Todd J Schwedt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in cortical thickness in patients with persistent post-traumatic headache (PPTH) relative to healthy controls and to interrogate whether cortical morphology relates to headache burden (headache frequency, years with post-traumatic headache, PTH) in patients with PPTH. BACKGROUND: PTHs are one of the most common symptoms following concussion. In some patients, PTHs continue for longer than three months and are classified as PPTH...
November 15, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139121/xyloglucan-is-released-by-plants-and-promotes-soil-particle-aggregation
#15
Andrew F Galloway, Martin J Pedersen, Beverley Merry, Susan E Marcus, Joshua Blacker, Liane G Benning, Katie J Field, J Paul Knox
Soil is a crucial component of the biosphere and is a major sink for organic carbon. Plant roots are known to release a wide range of carbon-based compounds into soils, including polysaccharides, but the functions of these are not known in detail. Using a monoclonal antibody to plant cell wall xyloglucan, we show that this polysaccharide is secreted by a wide range of angiosperm roots, and relatively abundantly by grasses. It is also released from the rhizoids of liverworts, the earliest diverging lineage of land plants...
November 15, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139024/immigrant-trauma-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-latino-youth
#16
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138905/fatigue-in-familial-mediterranean-fever-and-its-relations-with-other-clinical-parameters
#17
Mehmet Tuncay Duruoz, Cagri Unal, Duygu Karali Bingul, Firat Ulutatar
Fatigue is a common problem in patients with rheumatic disease. It may cause disability and poor quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate fatigue in FMF patients as a disabling symptom and its associations with clinical and demographic variables. FMF patients were recruited into the study according to FMF Tel Hashomer criteria. Control group is composed of healthy individuals. Demographic and clinical features of the patients including PRAS scores were noted. Visual analogue score of pain (VAS-pain) and VAS-fatigue were used as clinical parameters...
November 14, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138750/markers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-in-primary-visual-cortex-in-normal-aging-in-mice
#18
Luis Fernando Hernández-Zimbrón, Montserrat Perez-Hernández, Abigail Torres-Romero, Elisa Gorostieta-Salas, Roberto Gonzalez-Salinas, Rosario Gulias-Cañizo, Hugo Quiroz-Mercado, Edgar Zenteno
Aging is the principal risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The hallmarks of AD are accumulation of the amyloid-β peptide 1-42 (Aβ42) and abnormal hyperphosphorylation of Tau (p-Tau) protein in different areas of the brain and, more recently reported, in the visual cortex. Recently, Aβ42 peptide overproduction has been involved in visual loss. Similar to AD, in normal aging, there is a significant amyloid deposition related to the overactivation of the aforementioned mechanisms. However, the mechanisms associated with visual loss secondary to age-induced visual cortex affectation are not completely understood...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138595/clinical-aspects-of-foot-health-and-their-influence-on-quality-of-life-among-breast-cancer-survivors-a-case-control-study
#19
Patricia Palomo-López, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Jorge Guerrero-Martín, Cesar Calvo-Lobo, Daniel López-López
Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze and compare foot health and general health in a sample of women divided into two groups: 1) those with breast cancer and undergoing chemotherapy treatment and 2) healthy women without breast cancer and with normalized reference values. Methods: A case-control observational study was performed. Two-hundred women with a mean age of 51.00±8.75 years were recruited from podiatric medicine and surgery clinics from the University of Extremadura (Plasencia, Spain) and the Hospital Infanta Cristina (Badajoz, Spain)...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138429/brain-network-correlates-of-emotional-aging
#20
Youngwook Lyoo, Sujung Yoon
Physical and cognitive functions typically decline with aging while emotional stability is relatively conserved. The current proof-of-concept study is the first to report of the brain mechanisms underlying emotional aging from a brain network perspective. Two hundred eighty-six healthy subjects aged 20-65 were classified into three groups of the emotionally young, intermediate-aged, and old (E-young, E-intermediate, and E-old, respectively) based on the cluster analysis of the emotion recognition task data...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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