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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357649/content-of-minerals-and-fatty-acids-and-their-correlation-with-phytochemical-compounds-and-antioxidant-activity-of-leguminous-seeds
#1
Eugeniusz R Grela, Wioletta Samolińska, Bożena Kiczorowska, Renata Klebaniuk, Piotr Kiczorowski
The aim of the study was to determine the mineral composition and fatty acid profile in the seeds of selected Fabaceae species and cultivars and to assess their correlations with phytochemicals and antioxidant activity. The Andean lupine was characterised by a particularly high level of Mg and K as well as Cu, Zn, and Fe (P < 0.05). There were various correlations (P < 0.05) between the total phenols and tannins and these elements. The highest contribution of α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3, n-3) in total fatty acids was noted in the lentil (13...
March 29, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338826/the-evolutionary-fate-of-the-chloroplast-and-nuclear-rps16-genes-as-revealed-through-the-sequencing-and-comparative-analyses-of-four-novel-legume-chloroplast-genomes-from-lupinus
#2
J Keller, M Rousseau-Gueutin, G E Martin, J Morice, J Boutte, E Coissac, M Ourari, M Aïnouche, A Salmon, F Cabello-Hurtado, A Aïnouche
The Fabaceae family is considered as a model system for understanding chloroplast genome evolution due to the presence of extensive structural rearrangements, gene losses and localized hypermutable regions. Here, we provide sequences of four chloroplast genomes from the Lupinus genus, belonging to the underinvestigated Genistoid clade. Notably, we found in Lupinus species the functional loss of the essential rps16 gene, which was most likely replaced by the nuclear rps16 gene that encodes chloroplast and mitochondrion targeted RPS16 proteins...
February 27, 2017: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337486/rapeseed-legume-intercrops-plant-growth-and-nitrogen-balance-in-early-stages-of-growth-and-development
#3
Thaïs Génard, Philippe Etienne, Sylvain Diquélou, Jean-Claude Yvin, Cécile Revellin, Philippe Laîné
In this study we tested whether legumes can improve the growth and N and S nutrition of rapeseed in an intercropping system and compared the effect of mixtures on legume N-fixation and soil N-resources. Rapeseed was cultivated in low N conditions in monocrops using one (R) or two plants (RR) per pot and in mixtures with lupine, clover or vetch. The R monocrop was the most relevant control, intraspecific competition inducing a significant growth delay resulting in a significantly lower leaf number, in RR monocrop compared to R and the three mixtures considered...
March 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325829/effects-of-seed-density-and-proximity-to-refuge-habitat-on-seed-predation-rates-for-a-rare-and-a-common-lupinus-species
#4
Eleanor A Pardini, Melissa V Patten, Tiffany M Knight
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Biotic interactions such as seed predation can play a role in explaining patterns of abundance among plant species. The effect of seed predation will depend on how the strength of predation differs across species and environments, and on the degree to which seed loss at one life-cycle phase increases fitness at another phase. Few studies have simultaneously quantified predispersal and postdispersal predation in co-occurring rare and common congeners, despite the value of estimating both for understanding causes of rarity...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317712/lc-esi-qtof-ms-identification-of-novel-antioxidant-peptides-obtained-by-enzymatic-and-microbial-hydrolysis-of-vegetable-proteins
#5
Elena Babini, Davide Tagliazucchi, Serena Martini, Lucilla Dei Più, Andrea Gianotti
Bioactive antioxidant peptides are more and more attracting the attention of food manufacturers for their potential to transform food in functional food, able to prevent a variety of chronic diseases associated with oxidative stress. In the present study proteins extracted from different vegetable sources (KAMUT® khorasan wheat, emmer, lupine and pea) were hydrolyzed with commercial enzymes and Lactobacillus spp. strains. Hydrolysates were separated by size exclusion chromatography and purified fractions were analyzed for their antioxidant activity...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257082/the-effect-of-lupinus-albus-on-growth-performance-body-composition-and-satiety-hormones-of-male-pigs-immunized-against-gonadotrophin-releasing-factor
#6
Karen Moore, Bruce Mullan, Jae Cheol Kim, Frank Dunshea
Two hundred and ninety four pigs were used with the aim to develop a dietary management strategy using Lupinus albus L. (albus lupins) to reduce the increase in feed intake and subsequent increase in carcass fatness in pigs immunized against gonadotrophin releasing factor (immunocastrates; IC males) and entire male pigs in the late finishing stage. From day (d) 0 to 28, IC males fed the control diet grew faster (p = 0.009) than entire males fed the control diet but there was no difference in growth rate between sexes for pigs fed albus lupins for 14 days pre-slaughter (Albus 14) or pigs fed albus lupins for 28 days pre-slaughter (Albus 28)...
March 2, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207840/using-the-hephaistos-orthotic-device-to-study-countermeasure-effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-dietary-lupin-protein-supplementation-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Jochen Zange, Kathrin Schopen, Kirsten Albracht, Darius A Gerlach, Petra Frings-Meuthen, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Wilhelm Bloch, Jörn Rittweger
PURPOSE: The present study investigated whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation for 20 min twice a day with an electrode placed over the soleus muscle and nutritional supplementation with 19 g of protein rich lupin seeds can reduce the loss in volume and strength of the human calf musculature during long term unloading by wearing an orthotic unloading device. METHODS: Thirteen healthy male subjects (age of 26.4 ± 3.7 years) wore a Hephaistos orthosis one leg for 60 days during all habitual activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203647/the-potential-of-blue-lupins-as-a-protein-source-in-the-diets-of-laying-hens
#8
Michael R F Lee, Sarah Parkinson, Hannah R Fleming, Vince J Theobald, Dave K Leemans, Tony Burgess
Layers diets typically contain 15-20% soya due to its high crude protein content (ca. 36%). Reliance on soya for protein can result in large increases in cost of feed due to the law of supply and demand as a global commodity. Lupin grains have high protein content (35-40%) but previous experience with white lupins has shown toxic effects in poultry due to high levels alkaloids and poor performance due to anti-nutritional Non-starch polysaccharides (NSP). Here blue lupins either processed or whole were trialled for their potential as a protein source...
December 2016: Veterinary and Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197163/quinolizidine-alkaloid-biosynthesis-in-lupins-and-prospects-for-grain-quality-improvement
#9
REVIEW
Karen M Frick, Lars G Kamphuis, Kadambot H M Siddique, Karam B Singh, Rhonda C Foley
Quinolizidine alkaloids (QAs) are toxic secondary metabolites found within the genus Lupinus, some species of which are commercially important grain legume crops including Lupinus angustifolius (narrow-leafed lupin, NLL), L. luteus (yellow lupin), L. albus (white lupin), and L. mutabilis (pearl lupin), with NLL grain being the most largely produced of the four species in Australia and worldwide. While QAs offer the plants protection against insect pests, the accumulation of QAs in lupin grain complicates its use for food purposes as QA levels must remain below the industry threshold (0...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194675/effect-of-soil-contamination-with-fluorine-on-the-yield-and-content-of-nitrogen-forms-in-the-biomass-of-crops
#10
Radosław Szostek, Zdzisław Ciećko
The research was based on a pot experiment, in which the response of eight species of crops to soil contamination with fluorine was investigated. In parallel, some inactivating substances were tested in terms of their potential use for the neutralization of the harmful influence of fluorine on plants. The response of crops to soil contamination with fluorine was assessed according to the volume of biomass produced by aerial organs and roots as well as their content of N-total, N-protein, and N-NO3(-). The following crops were tested: maize, yellow lupine, winter oilseed rape, spring triticale, narrow-leaf lupine, black radish, phacelia, and lucerne...
February 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183653/synthesis-characterization-and-augmented-anticancer-potential-of-peg-betulinic-acid-conjugate
#11
Ankit Saneja, Love Sharma, Ravindra Dhar Dubey, Mubashir Javed Mintoo, Amrinder Singh, Amit Kumar, Payare Lal Sangwan, Sheikh Abdullah Tasaduq, Gurdarshan Singh, Dilip M Mondhe, Prem N Gupta
Betulinic acid (BA), a pentacyclic lupine-type triterpene, is reported to inhibit cell growth in a variety of cancers. However, its efficacy is limited by its poor aqueous solubility and relatively short half-life. In this study, BA-monomethoxy polyethylene glycol (mPEG) conjugate was synthesized by covalent coupling the C-28 carboxylic acid position of BA with amine groups of mPEG, in order to improve its solubility and anticancer efficacy. mPEG-BA conjugate was characterized using various analytical techniques including NMR, FT-IR and MALDI-MS...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165413/potential-uses-of-wild-germplasms-of-grain-legumes-for-crop-improvement
#12
REVIEW
Nacira Muñoz, Ailin Liu, Leo Kan, Man-Wah Li, Hon-Ming Lam
Challenged by population increase, climatic change, and soil deterioration, crop improvement is always a priority in securing food supplies. Although the production of grain legumes is in general lower than that of cereals, the nutritional value of grain legumes make them important components of food security. Nevertheless, limited by severe genetic bottlenecks during domestication and human selection, grain legumes, like other crops, have suffered from a loss of genetic diversity which is essential for providing genetic materials for crop improvement programs...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133984/new-arylsparteine-derivatives-as-positive-inotropic-drugs
#13
Vito Boido, Marcella Ercoli, Michele Tonelli, Federica Novelli, Bruno Tasso, Fabio Sparatore, Elena Cichero, Paola Fossa, Paola Dorigo, Guglielmina Froldi
Positive inotropic agents are fundamental in the treatment of heart failure; however, their arrhythmogenic liability and the increased myocardial oxygen demand strongly limit their therapeutic utility. Pursuing our study on cardiovascular activities of lupin alkaloid derivatives, several 2-(4-substituted-phenyl)-2-dehydrosparteines and 2-(4-substituted-phenyl)sparteines were prepared and tested for inotropic and chronotropic activities on isolated guinea pig atria. Four compounds (6b, 6e, 7b, and 7f) exhibited significant inotropism that, at the higher concentrations, was followed by negative inotropism or toxicity...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133815/comparison-of-nutritional-and-antinutritional-traits-among-different-species-lupinus-albus-l-lupinus-luteus-l-lupinus-angustifolius-l-and-varieties-of-lupin-seeds
#14
N Musco, M I Cutrignelli, S Calabrò, R Tudisco, F Infascelli, R Grazioli, V Lo Presti, F Gresta, B Chiofalo
In order to promote the use of lupin in pig nutrition, in this research the nutritional characteristics (i.e. dietary fibre, alkaloid and fatty acid profile) and the in vitro gas production of 12 lupin varieties grown in the Mediterranean basin and belonging to three lupin species (Lupinus albus, Lupinus angustifolius and Lupinus luteus) were assessed. Four varieties of L. albus (Asfer, Lublanc, Lutteur and Multitalia) were grown in South Campania. Three varieties of L. luteus (Dukat, Mister and Taper), three of L...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122929/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-plant-compared-with-animal-protein-sources-on-features-of-metabolic-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Tristan Chalvon-Demersay, Dalila Azzout-Marniche, Judith Arfsten, Léonie Egli, Claire Gaudichon, Leonidas G Karagounis, Daniel Tomé
Dietary protein may play an important role in the prevention of metabolic dysfunctions. However, the way in which the protein source affects these dysfunctions has not been clearly established. The aim of the current systematic review was to compare the impact of plant- and animal-sourced dietary proteins on several features of metabolic syndrome in humans. The PubMed database was searched for both chronic and acute interventional studies, as well as observational studies, in healthy humans or those with metabolic dysfunctions, in which the impact of animal and plant protein intake was compared while using the following variables: cholesterolemia and triglyceridemia, blood pressure, glucose homeostasis, and body composition...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115754/amino-acids-profile-and-antioxidant-activity-of-different-lupinus-angustifolius-seeds-after-solid-state-and-submerged-fermentations
#16
Vytaute Starkute, Elena Bartkiene, Vadims Bartkevics, Janis Rusko, Daiva Zadeike, Grazina Juodeikiene
The objective of this study was to investigate the amino acids profile, total phenolic compounds (TPC) content, antioxidant activity after submerged (SmF) and solid state (SSF) fermentations of different Lupinus angustifolius seeds by the Lactobacillus sakei KTU05-6. Additionally, the impact of different lupin seeds as fermentation media for LAB biomass and d/l-lactic acid production was analysed. The d/l ratio for SmF and SSF treated lupin samples varied from 0.15 to 0.45 and from 0.12 to 0.46, 16 respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071032/legume-seeds-and-cereal-grains-capacity-to-accumulate-iron-while-sprouting-in-order-to-obtain-food-fortificant
#17
Magdalena Zielińska-Dawidziak, Halina Staniek, Ewelina Król, Dorota Piasecka-Kwiatkowska, Tomasz Twardowski
BACKGROUND: Prepared sprouts, after culturing in a medium with an increased iron concentration, could become a beneficial food iron fortificant. However, the efficient iron accumulation depends on the plants genus, species and/or varieties. The aim of the study was to indicate the seeds or grains which accumulate iron most efficiently during the sprouting process. METHODS: Alfalfa, lentil, lupine and soybean seeds as well as wheat grains were sprouted in abiotic stress conditions induced by the excess of iron(II) in culture media...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062461/diverse-bacteria-affiliated-with-the-genera-microvirga-phyllobacterium-and-bradyrhizobium-nodulate-lupinus-micranthus-growing-in-soils-of-northern-tunisia
#18
Abdelhakim Msaddak, David Durán, Mokhtar Rejili, Mohamed Mars, Tomás Ruiz-Argüeso, Juan Imperial, José Palacios, Luis Rey
The genetic diversity of bacterial populations nodulating Lupinus micranthus in five geographical sites from northern Tunisia was examined. Phylogenetic analyses of 50 isolates based on partial sequences of recA and gyrB grouped strains into seven clusters, five of which belong to the genus Bradyrhizobium (28 isolates), one to Phyllobacterium (2 isolates), and one, remarkably, to Microvirga (20 isolates). The largest Bradyrhizobium cluster (17 isolates) grouped with the B. lupini species, and the other five clusters were close to different recently defined Bradyrhizobium species...
March 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018392/narrow-leafed-lupin-lupinus-angustifolius-%C3%AE-1-and-%C3%AE-6-conglutin-proteins-exhibit-antifungal-activity-protecting-plants-against-necrotrophic-pathogen-induced-damage-from-sclerotinia-sclerotiorum-and-phytophthora-nicotianae
#19
Jose C Jimenez-Lopez, Su Melser, Kathleen DeBoer, Louise F Thatcher, Lars G Kamphuis, Rhonda C Foley, Karam B Singh
Vicilins (7S globulins) are seed storage proteins and constitute the main protein family in legume seeds, particularly in narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.; NLL), where seven vicilin genes, called β1- to β7-conglutin have been identified. Vicilins are involved in germination processes supplying amino acids for seedling growth and plant development, as well as in some cases roles in plant defense and protection against pathogens. The roles of NLL β-conglutins in plant defense are unknown. Here the potential role of five NLL β-conglutin family members in protection against necrotrophic fungal pathogens was investigated and it was demonstrated that recombinant purified 6xHis-tagged β1- and β6-conglutin proteins exhibited the strongest in vitro growth inhibitory activity against a range of necrotrophic fungal pathogens compared to β2, β3, and β4 conglutins...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013171/asparagine-slows-down-the-breakdown-of-storage-lipid-and-degradation-of-autophagic-bodies-in-sugar-starved-embryo-axes-of-germinating-lupin-seeds
#20
Sławomir Borek, Ewelina Paluch-Lubawa, Stanisława Pukacka, Małgorzata Pietrowska-Borek, Lech Ratajczak
The research was conducted on embryo axes of yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus L.), white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) and Andean lupin (Lupinus mutabilis Sweet), which were isolated from imbibed seeds and cultured for 96h in vitro under different conditions of carbon and nitrogen nutrition. Isolated embryo axes were fed with 60mM sucrose or were sugar-starved. The effect of 35mM asparagine (a central amino acid in the metabolism of germinating lupin seeds) and 35mM nitrate (used as an inorganic kind of nitrogen) on growth, storage lipid breakdown and autophagy was investigated...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
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