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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127429/a-high-density-consensus-linkage-map-of-white-lupin-highlights-synteny-with-narrow-leafed-lupin-and-provides-markers-tagging-key-agronomic-traits
#1
Michał Książkiewicz, Nelson Nazzicari, Hua'an Yang, Matthew N Nelson, Daniel Renshaw, Sandra Rychel, Barbara Ferrari, Maria Carelli, Magdalena Tomaszewska, Stanisław Stawiński, Barbara Naganowska, Bogdan Wolko, Paolo Annicchiarico
White lupin (Lupinus albus L.) is a valuable source of seed protein, carbohydrates and oil, but requires genetic improvement to attain its agronomic potential. This study aimed to (i) develop a new high-density consensus linkage map based on new, transcriptome-anchored markers; (ii) map four important agronomic traits, namely, vernalization requirement, seed alkaloid content, and resistance to anthracnose and Phomopsis stem blight; and, (iii) define regions of synteny between the L. albus and narrow-leafed lupin (L...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120805/characterization-of-narrow-leaf-lupin-lupinus-angustifolius-l-recombinant-major-allergen-ige-binding-proteins-and-the-natural-%C3%AE-conglutin-counterparts-in-sweet-lupin-seed-species
#2
Jose C Jimenez-Lopez, Rhonda C Foley, Ella Brear, Victoria C Clarke, Elena Lima-Cabello, Jose F Florido, Karam B Singh, Juan D Alché, Penelope M C Smith
β-conglutin has been identified as a major allergen for Lupinus angustifolius seeds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the binding of IgE to five recombinant β-conglutin isoforms (rβ) that we overexpressed and purified and to their natural counterparts in different lupin species and cultivars. Western blotting suggested β-conglutins were the main proteins responsible for the IgE reactivity of the lupin species and cultivars. Newly identified polypeptides from "sweet lupin" may constitute a potential new source of primary or cross-reactive sensitization to lupin, particularly to L...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108330/surgical-management-for-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#3
Jianing Tang, Deguang Kong, Lupin Bu, Gaosong Wu
Background and Aims: For most patients with follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), surgery is required, while the surgical management remains controversial. We aim to further understanding of treatment of FVPTC and to determine whether specific features could be identified for the decision of surgical strategy. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program database during 2003 and 2013...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091286/manganese-distribution-and-speciation-help-to-explain-the-effects-of-silicate-and-phosphate-on-manganese-toxicity-in-four-crop-species
#4
F Pax C Blamey, Brigid A McKenna, Cui Li, Miaomiao Cheng, Caixian Tang, Haibo Jiang, Daryl L Howard, David J Paterson, Peter Kappen, Peng Wang, Neal W Menzies, Peter M Kopittke
Soil acidity and waterlogging increase manganese (Mn) in leaf tissues to potentially toxic concentrations, an effect reportedly alleviated by increased silicon (Si) and phosphorus (P) supply. Effects of Si and P on Mn toxicity were studied in four plant species using synchrotron-based micro X-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF) and nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS) to determine Mn distribution in leaf tissues and using synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) to measure Mn speciation in leaves, stems and roots...
November 1, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072538/senior-services-that-support-housing-first-in-metro-vancouver
#5
Sarah L Canham, Lupin Battersby, Mei Lan Fang, Mineko Wada, Rebecca Bell, Andrew Sixsmith
Housing First is a model and philosophy for housing homeless people in immediate and permanent housing. In order to implement and deliver Housing First, research is needed to understand the system of support services as they currently exist. Guided by principles of community-based participatory research, this paper presents the findings from a senior-focused deliberative dialogue workshop in Metro Vancouver, Canada. Participants (16 service providers and 1 service recipient) identified services and resources available to support seniors in maintaining housing and barriers and facilitators for accessing services...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061211/viscosity-negatively-affects-the-nutritional-value-of-blue-lupin-seeds-for-broilers
#6
P Konieczka, S Smulikowska
This study examines the impact of Lupinus angustifolius variety (C) and inclusion level (L) in broiler diets on the nutritional value, viscosity of ileal digesta and activity of gut microbiota. The experiment was conducted on 154 female 21-day-old broilers, allocated to 11 groups (kept individually). A reference lupin-free diet and 10 test diets containing one of five lupin seeds; Kadryl, Regent, Dalbor, Bojar and Tango, mixed with the reference diet at a ratio of 25 : 75 or 32 : 68 dry matter (DM) (low or high level of inclusion) were prepared...
October 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058428/effect-of-germination-and-fermentation-on-carbohydrate-composition-of-australian-sweet-lupin-and-soybean-seeds-and-flours
#7
Kornelia T Kaczmarska, Maria V Chandra-Hioe, Dimitrios Zabaras, Damian Frank, Jayashree Arcot
This study investigated the effect of germination and fermentation on the composition of carbohydrates in Australian sweet lupin. Specifically, the amount of sugars (sucrose, fructose, and glucose), starch, oligosaccharides (verbascose, stachyose, and raffinose), and dietary fiber were measured in germinated lupin seeds and fermented lupin flour, and compared with those in soy. High performance liquid chromatography coupled with refractive index was employed for quantitation of sugars, starch, and oligosaccharides, and gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detector was used for quantitation of simple sugars in total, and soluble, and insoluble dietary fiber...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055265/input-of-different-kinds-of-soluble-pectin-to-cation-binding-properties-of-roots-cell-walls
#8
A Szatanik-Kloc, J Szerement, J Cybulska, G Jozefaciuk
It is widely believed that pectin are responsible for the vast majority of cation binding positions in the root cell walls. To estimate the role of particular kinds of pectin, we studied the cell wall material isolated from the roots of monocots (wheat and rye) and dicots (clover and lupine) before and after removal of different fractions of soluble pectin. Simultaneously PME activity and degree of pectin methylation were determined. From potentiometric titration curves cation exchange capacity, total surface charge and acidic strength of surface functional groups responsible for surface charging were determined...
October 16, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051970/construction-of-an-ultra-high-density-consensus-genetic-map-and-enhancement-of-the-physical-map-from-genome-sequencing-in-lupinus-angustifolius
#9
Gaofeng Zhou, Jianbo Jian, Penghao Wang, Chengdao Li, Ye Tao, Xuan Li, Daniel Renshaw, Jonathan Clements, Mark Sweetingham, Huaan Yang
An ultra-high density genetic map containing 34,574 sequence-defined markers was developed in Lupinus angustifolius. Markers closely linked to nine genes of agronomic traits were identified. A physical map was improved to cover 560.5 Mb genome sequence. Lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) is a recently domesticated legume grain crop. In this study, we applied the restriction-site associated DNA sequencing (RADseq) method to genotype an F9 recombinant inbred line population derived from a wild type × domesticated cultivar (W × D) cross...
October 19, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045654/crop-seedling-susceptibility-to-armadillidium-vulgare-isopoda-armadillidiidae-and-ommatoiulus-moreletii-diplopoda-iulidae
#10
Josh Douglas, Sarina Macfadyen, Ary Hoffmann, Paul Umina
The isopod, Armadillidium vulgare (Latreille) (Isopoda: Armadillidiidae), and the millipede, Ommatoiulus moreletii (Lucas) (Diplopoda: Iulidae), are increasingly being reported as pests of emerging broadacre crop seedlings in southern Australia. This is thought to be due to the increased adoption of stubble retention practices, leading to increased abundance of these soil-dwelling organisms. Here, we evaluate the propensity of A. vulgare and O. moreletii to damage a range of crop seedlings. Through the combined analysis of a controlled feeding trial and field reports, we show A...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045055/c2-modified-sparteine-derivatives-are-a-new-class-of-potentially-long-acting-na-channel-blockers
#11
Vaibhavkumar S Gawali, Svilen Simeonov, Martina Drescher, Thomas Knott, Olaf Scheel, John Kudolo, Ulla Hochenegg, Alexander Roller, Hannes Todt, Nuno Maulide
The lupin alkaloid Sparteine is a well-known chiral diamine with a range of applications in asymmetric synthesis, as well as a blocker of voltage-gated Na channels (VGSCs). However, there is only scarce information on the VGSC-blocking activity of Sparteine derivatives where the structure of the parent alkaloid is retained. Herein, building on the recent renewed availability of Sparteine and derivatives we report how modification of Sparteine in position 2 produces irreversible blockers of VGSCs. These compounds could be clinically envisaged as long-lasting local anesthetics...
October 17, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041832/enhanced-vitamin-b12-production-in-an-innovative-lupin-tempeh-is-due-to-synergic-effects-of-rhizopus-and-propionibacterium-in-cofermentation
#12
Camilla Signorini, Aristodemo Carpen, Luigi Coletto, Gigliola Borgonovo, Elisabetta Galanti, Jessica Capraro, Chiara Magni, Ambra Abate, Stuart K Johnson, Marcello Duranti, Alessio Scarafoni
Fermentation represents a valuable and cost-effective approach for food stabilisation and nutritional improvement. Tempeh is an example of soybean solid-state fermentation. In this work, we investigated the possibility of producing a tempeh analogue containing high amounts of vitamin B12 using seeds of three different species of the legume lupin, namely Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. mutabilis, with Rhizopus oligosporus and Propionibacterium freudenreichii cofermentation. Synergic effects of Rhizopus and Propionibacterium in increasing vitamin B12 up to 1230 ng/g dw was observed...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032780/prediction-of-the-amino-acid-digestibility-of-legume-seeds-in-growing-pigs-a-meta-analysis-approach
#13
F Messad, M P Létourneau-Montminy, E Charbonneau, D Sauvant, F Guay
On pig farms, a high proportion of the cost of production comes from feed costs. However, the use of alternative ingredients such as legume seeds may help to reduce this cost. In fact, legume seeds are an important source of essential amino acids (EAA) and can therefore be an alternative to oilseed meals. However, the accurate use of these legume seeds requires a precise knowledge of the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of EAA, which may vary depending on its botanical variety. A meta-analysis was performed on a database compiling data from 41 studies published between 1981 and 2013 and 178 dietary treatments...
October 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982063/aided-phytostabilisation-of-as-and-cu-contaminated-soils-using-white-lupin-and-combined-iron-and-organic-amendments
#14
Teresa Fresno, Eduardo Moreno-Jiménez, Pilar Zornoza, Jesús M Peñalosa
An aided phytostabilisation strategy consisting of several composite amendments of iron sulphate and organic materials combined with Lupinus albus L. (white lupin) was evaluated for remediation of an As- and Cu-contaminated soil. Iron sulphate was combined with lime, paper mill sludge (PS), olive mill waste compost (OMWC) or holm oak biochar (BC) and applied to a slightly acidic soil with high concentration of As (∼2200 mg kg(-1)) and Cu (∼150 mg kg(-1)). White lupin was grown for 48 days in pots containing amended and non-amended soils and the effect of soil treatments on soluble and extractable trace elements, soil fertility and plant growth and composition was evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977373/contextual-factors-for-aging-well-creating-socially-engaging-spaces-through-the-use-of-deliberative-dialogues
#15
Sarah L Canham, Mei Lan Fang, Lupin Battersby, Ryan Woolrych, Judith Sixsmith, Tori Hui Ren, Andrew Sixsmith
Purpose of the Study: Home and community engagement are key contextual factors for aging well, particularly for older adults in vulnerable social positions. A community-based participatory action research project conducted in Western Canada examined how to best use the shared amenity spaces in a low-income seniors' apartment complex in order to connect services and programs with tenants and to provide opportunities for service providers and local stakeholders to build upon and create new relationships toward collaboration and service delivery...
July 25, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969795/legume-isoflavone-synthase-genes-have-evolved-by-whole-genome-and-local-duplications-yielding-transcriptionally-active-paralogs
#16
Dorota Narożna, Michał Książkiewicz, Łucja Przysiecka, Joanna Króliczak, Bogdan Wolko, Barbara Naganowska, Cezary J Mądrzak
Isoflavone synthase (IFS) is the key enzyme of isoflavonoid biosynthesis. IFS genes were identified in numerous species, although their evolutionary patterns have not yet been reconstructed. To address this issue, we performed structural and functional genomic analysis. Narrow leafed lupin, Lupinus angustifolius L., was used as a reference species for the genus, because it has the most developed molecular tools available. Nuclear genome BAC library clones carrying IFS homologs were localized by linkage mapping and fluorescence in situ hybridization in three chromosome pairs...
November 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967218/pasta-quality-as-impacted-by-the-type-of-flour-and-starch-and-the-level-of-egg-addition
#17
Mohammed Saleh, Khalid Al-Ismail, Radwan Ajo
This study investigated the effects of substituting wheat flour with fractions of different starch types and egg levels on pasta quality. First order mixture response surface model was used where the effects of various starch types and egg levels on pasta quality were evaluated. Coefficients of estimation were determined and fractional contribution of wheat, starch type and egg levels were evaluated. Egg levels negatively (p < .05) impacted treatments pasting viscosities, except in potato starch and rice flour...
October 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946255/rapid-membrane-permeabilization-of-listeria-monocytogenes-and-escherichia-coli-induced-by-antibacterial-prenylated-phenolic-compounds-from-legumes
#18
Carla Araya-Cloutier, Jean-Paul Vincken, Roan van Ederen, Heidy M W den Besten, Harry Gruppen
Prenylated phenolics from the Fabaceae are promising lead compounds for new antibacterials. Pools enriched in prenylated phenolics were made from lupine, peanut and soybean seedlings. One pool was rich in chain prenylated isoflavones (cIsf), one in chain prenylated stilbenoids (cSti), one in chain prenylated (cPta) and one in ring-closed prenylated pterocarpans (rPta), as characterized by RP-UHPLC-UV-MS. Antibacterial activity of the pools and membrane permeabilization was investigated. Pools showed high antibacterial activity against Listeria monocytogenes: cIsf pool had a minimum inhibitory concentration of 10µg/ml prenylated compounds, followed by cPta pool (25µg/ml) and cSti pool (35µg/ml)...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944625/allergy-to-peanut-soybean-and-other-legumes-recent-advances-in-allergen-characterization-stability-to-processing-and-ige-cross-reactivity
#19
REVIEW
Beatriz Cabanillas, Uta Jappe, Natalija Novak
Peanut and soybean are members of the Leguminosae family. They are two of the eight foods that account for the most significant food allergies in the US and Europe. Allergic reactions to other legume species can be of importance in other regions of the world. The major allergens from peanut and soybean have been extensively analyzed and members of new protein families identified as potential marker allergens for symptom severity. Important recent advances concerning their molecular properties or clinical relevance have been made...
September 25, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863333/reverse-phase-hplc-method-for-detection-and-quantification-of-lupin-seed-%C3%AE-conglutin
#20
Sharmilee Mane, Scott Bringans, Stuart Johnson, Vishnu Pareek, Ranjeet Utikar
A simple, selective and accurate reverse phase HPLC method was developed for detection and quantitation of γ-conglutin from lupin seed extract. A linear gradient of water and acetonitrile containing trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) on a reverse phase column (Agilent Zorbax 300SB C-18), with a flow rate of 0.8ml/min was able to produce a sharp and symmetric peak of γ-conglutin with a retention time at 29.16min. The identity of γ-conglutin in the peak was confirmed by mass spectrometry (MS/MS identification) and sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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