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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231369/estimation-of-partitioning-of-airflow-in-septal-surgery-a-prospective-study-with-reference-to-the-nose-scale
#1
Indranil Sen, Mainak Dutta, Dibakar Haldar, Ramanuj Sinha
Improper patient selection for septal surgery often has been found to result in therapeutic failure, and there needs to be an objective assessment of nasal obstruction before the surgery and for postoperative follow-up that can be applied in the routine otolaryngology practice. The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of a cost-effective device for objective measurement of the nasal airway partitioning in selecting patients for septal surgery and for postoperative outcome evaluation. A hospital-based, prospective, observational study was carried out in a tertiary-care teaching institution involving 74 patients waiting for septal surgery...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175931/determining-patient-preferences-for-indeterminate-thyroid-nodules-observation-surgery-or-molecular-tests
#2
Daniel Joonil Lee, Jason J Xu, Dale H Brown, Ralph W Gilbert, Patrick J Gullane, Jonathan C Irish, Lorne E Rotstein, David P Goldstein, John R de Almeida
BACKGROUND: Gene-expression classifiers (GEC) and genetic mutation panels (GMP) have been shown to improve preoperative diagnostic evaluations of indeterminate thyroid nodules. Despite the improvement, uncertainty regarding the proper management exists. Patient preferences may better inform the management of these indeterminate thyroid nodules. METHODS: Hypothetical scenarios were administered to two groups of patients: those with previous FNA-confirmed indeterminate thyroid nodules (Group A, n = 50) and those presenting to a general otolaryngology clinic for other reasons (Group B, n = 50)...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171737/chronicity-of-voice-related-health-care-utilization-in-the-general-medicine-community
#3
Seth M Cohen, Hui-Jie Lee, Nelson Roy, Stephanie Misono
Objectives To examine voice-related health care utilization of patients in the general medical community without otolaryngology evaluation and explore factors associated with prolonged voice-related health care. Study Design Retrospective cohort analysis. Setting Large, national administrative US claims database. Subjects and Methods Patients with voice disorders per International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification ( ICD-9-CM) codes from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2012, seen by a general medical physician, and who did not see an otolaryngologist in the subsequent year were included...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116996/digging-into-debt
#4
Marc A Polacco, Jack Lally, Andrew Walls, Linnea R Harrold, Sonya Malekzadeh, Eunice Y Chen
Objective To quantify the cost incurred during the match process for otolaryngology applicants, determine sources of expenditures, and highlight potential methods to alleviate financial burden of the match process. Study Design Cross-sectional. Study Setting Online survey. Subjects and Methods An electronic survey was sent via email to those who applied to the otolaryngology residency programs at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and MedStar Georgetown University Hospital during the 2016 application cycle...
January 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098712/business-education-for-plastic-surgeons-a-systematic-review-development-and-implementation-of-a-business-principles-curriculum-in-a-residency-program
#5
Bahar Zarrabi, Karen K Burce, Stella M Seal, Scott D Lifchez, Richard J Redett, Kevin Frick, Amir H Dorafshar, Carisa M Cooney
BACKGROUND: Rising healthcare costs, decreasing reimbursement rates, and changes in American healthcare are forcing physicians to become increasingly business-minded. Both academic and private plastic surgeons can benefit from being educated in business principles. We conducted a systematic review to identify existing business curricula and integrated a business principles curriculum into residency training. METHODS: We anonymously surveyed our department regarding perceived importance of business principles and performed a systematic literature review from 1993-2013 using PubMed and Embase to identify residency training programs that had designed/implemented business curricula...
January 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056150/trends-in-otolaryngology-consultation-patterns-at-an-academic-quaternary-care-center
#6
Kevin J Choi, Russel R Kahmke, Matthew G Crowson, Liana Puscas, Richard L Scher, Seth M Cohen
Importance: The consultation patterns of an otolaryngology-head and neck surgery service have not previously been reported. The time, resources, and attention required to operate such a consultation service are unknown. Objective: To assess trends in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery consultations conducted in emergency departments (EDs) and inpatient services. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the medical records of patients at a quaternary care center receiving inpatient otolaryngology consultations from January 1 to December 31, 2014...
January 5, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056140/benefits-and-limitations-of-entry-level-3-dimensional-printing-of-maxillofacial-skeletal-models
#7
Alex T Legocki, Andrew Duffy-Peter, Andrew R Scott
Importance: A protocol for creating exceptionally low-cost 3-dimensional (3-D) maxillofacial skeletal models does not require proficiency with computer software or intensive labor. Small and less affluent centers can produce models with little loss in accuracy and clinical utility. Objectives: To highlight the feasibility and methods of introducing in-house, entry-level additive manufacturing (3-D printing) technology to otolaryngologic craniofacial reconstruction and to describe its clinical applications and limitations, including a comparison with available vendor models...
January 5, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000224/fabrication-and-validation-of-a-low-cost-medium-fidelity-silicone-injection-molded-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-simulation-model
#8
Daniel R Chang, Ryan P Lin, Sarah Bowe, Leon Bunegin, Erik K Weitzel, Kevin C McMains, Thomas Willson, Philip G Chen
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Develop a low-cost, medium-fidelity model for education in endoscopic sinus surgery techniques. Establish face and content validity of the model based on the feedback of otolaryngology faculty including fellowship-trained rhinologists. STUDY DESIGN: Survey. METHODS: A novel silicone injection molded sinus model was constructed. Three fellowship-trained rhinologists and four general otolaryngologists were recruited to perform seven tasks and provide feedback of the model's performance via a 22-question Likert survey...
December 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975045/comparing-surgical-trays-with-redundant-instruments-with-trays-with-reduced-instruments-a-cost-analysis
#9
A John-Baptiste, L J Sowerby, C J Chin, J Martin, B W Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: When prearranged standard surgical trays contain instruments that are repeatedly unused, the redundancy can result in unnecessary health care costs. Our objective was to estimate potential savings by performing an economic evaluation comparing the cost of surgical trays with redundant instruments with surgical trays with reduced instruments ("reduced trays"). METHODS: We performed a cost-analysis from the hospital perspective over a 1-year period. Using a mathematical model, we compared the direct costs of trays containing redundant instruments to reduced trays for 5 otolaryngology procedures...
July 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926758/association-between-surgeon-scorecard-use-and-operating-room-costs
#10
Corinna C Zygourakis, Victoria Valencia, Christopher Moriates, Christy K Boscardin, Sereina Catschegn, Alvin Rajkomar, Kevin J Bozic, Kent Soo Hoo, Andrew N Goldberg, Lawrence Pitts, Michael T Lawton, R Adams Dudley, Ralph Gonzales
Importance: Despite the significant contribution of surgical spending to health care costs, most surgeons are unaware of their operating room costs. Objective: To examine the association between providing surgeons with individualized cost feedback and surgical supply costs in the operating room. Design, Setting, and Participants: The OR Surgical Cost Reduction (OR SCORE) project was a single-health system, multihospital, multidepartmental prospective controlled study in an urban academic setting...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893070/contingent-valuation-analysis-of-an-otolaryngology-and-ophthalmology-emergency-department-the-value-of-acute-specialty-care
#11
Matthew R Naunheim, Elliot D Kozin, Rosh K Sethi, H G Ota, Stacey T Gray, Mark G Shrime
Importance: Specialty emergency departments (EDs) provide a unique mechanism of health care delivery, but the value that they add to the medical system is not known. Evaluation of patient preferences to determine value can have a direct impact on resource allocation and direct-to-specialist care. Objective: To assess the feasibility of contingent valuation (CV) methodology using a willingness-to-pay (WTP) survey to evaluate specialty emergency services, in the context of an ophthalmology- and otolaryngology-specific ED...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893020/assessment-of-the-euroqol-5-dimension-questionnaire-for-detection-of-clinically-significant-global-health-related-quality-of-life-improvement-following-functional-septorhinoplasty
#12
Jennifer C Fuller, Patricia A Levesque, Robin W Lindsay
Importance: Nasal airway obstruction is a common presenting complaint among patients in otolaryngology practices, and its treatment necessitates critical outcomes evaluation and cost-utility analysis. Objective: To evaluate the utility and applicability of the EuroQol 5-Dimension (EQ5D) global health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) questionnaire for the assessment of clinical outcomes in functional septorhinoplasty. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study at a university-based tertiary medical center of patients undergoing functional septorhinoplasty for treatment of nasal obstruction...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865063/face-content-and-construct-validation-of-a-low-cost-non-biologic-sinus-surgery-task-trainer-and-knowledge-based-curriculum
#13
Richard A Harbison, Kaalan E Johnson, Craig Miller, Maya G Sardesai, Greg E Davis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate face and content validity of a low-cost, low-technology, non-biologic endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) task trainer and knowledge-based curriculum followed by construct validation of the task trainer. METHODS: A sinus surgery task trainer and curriculum were developed. Attending otolaryngologists were surveyed regarding the utility of the task trainer and curriculum. A cross-sectional construct validation study was performed including medical students, residents, and attending otolaryngologists...
November 16, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755363/the-role-of-telemedicine-in-auditory-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#14
Matthew L Bush, Robin Thompson, Catherine Irungu, John Ayugi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of live telemedicine applications in hearing amplification and cochlear implantation. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINALH, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. Inclusion criteria were titles containing words from the search terms 1) audiology, otolaryngology, and hearing impairment, 2) rehabilitative methods, and 3) telemedicine...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730649/pediatric-laryngeal-simulator-using-3d-printed-models-a-novel-technique
#15
Katherine R Kavanagh, Valerie Cote, Yvonne Tsui, Simon Kudernatsch, Donald R Peterson, Tulio A Valdez
OBJECTIVE: Simulation to acquire and test technical skills is an essential component of medical education and residency training in both surgical and nonsurgical specialties. High-quality simulation education relies on the availability, accessibility, and reliability of models. The objective of this work was to describe a practical pediatric laryngeal model for use in otolaryngology residency training. Ideally, this model would be low-cost, have tactile properties resembling human tissue, and be reliably reproducible...
October 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729115/3d-printed-pediatric-endoscopic-ear-surgery-simulator-for-surgical-training
#16
Samuel R Barber, Elliott D Kozin, Matthew Dedmon, Brian M Lin, Kyuwon Lee, Sumi Sinha, Nicole Black, Aaron K Remenschneider, Daniel J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Surgical simulators are designed to improve operative skills and patient safety. Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery (TEES) is a relatively new surgical approach with a slow learning curve due to one-handed dissection. A reusable and customizable 3-dimensional (3D)-printed endoscopic ear surgery simulator may facilitate the development of surgical skills with high fidelity and low cost. Herein, we aim to design, fabricate, and test a low-cost and reusable 3D-printed TEES simulator...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623822/patient-safety-in-otolaryngology-a-descriptive-review
#17
REVIEW
Julian Danino, Jameel Muzaffar, Chris Metcalfe, Chris Coulson
Human evaluation and judgement may include errors that can have disastrous results. Within medicine and healthcare there has been slow progress towards major changes in safety. Healthcare lags behind other specialised industries, such as aviation and nuclear power, where there have been significant improvements in overall safety, especially in reducing risk of errors. Following several high profile cases in the USA during the 1990s, a report titled "To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System" was published...
September 13, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619023/charges-associated-with-imaging-techniques-in-evaluation-of-pediatric-hearing-loss
#18
Samantha Anne, Samuel Trosman, Timothy Haffey, Raj Sindwani, Katie Geelan-Hansen
OBJECTIVE: The best imaging study for evaluation of pediatric hearing loss is debated and it is well known magnetic resonance imaging is more costly than computed tomography. The objective of this study is to evaluate charges of computed tomography temporal bone (CTTB) versus magnetic resonance imaging brain, internal auditory canal/cerebellopontine angle (MRI IAC/CPA), with and without sedation in the pediatric population in order to assess to what extent the charges for the procedure are increased...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578299/surgical-management-of-bilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-cost-effectiveness-comparison-of-two-treatments
#19
Matthew R Naunheim, Phillip C Song, Ramon A Franco, Blake C Alkire, Mark G Shrime
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Endoscopic management of bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) includes cordotomy and arytenoidectomy, and has become a well-accepted alternative to tracheostomy. However, the costs and quality-of-life benefits of endoscopic management have not been examined with formal economic analysis. This study undertakes a cost-effectiveness analysis of tracheostomy versus endoscopic management of BVFP. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis. METHODS: A literature review identified a range of costs and outcomes associated with surgical options for BVFP...
August 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497381/follow-up-care-after-grommet-insertion-in-children-review-article
#20
REVIEW
Zahir Mughal, Vijay Thirunavukarasu, Adnan Darr, Mudit Jindal
BACKGROUND: Grommet insertion is a common procedure in children. A lengthy otolaryngology follow-up can have an adverse impact on clinic waiting times, new patient appointment availability, and pecuniary disadvantage for the hospital. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: To consolidate research and opinion concerning follow-up care following grommet insertion in a pediatric population. SEARCH STRATEGY: The literature between January 1990 and September 2015 was searched on MEDLINE (Ovid), Google Scholar, PubMed and Web of Science databases...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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