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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495101/maternal-and-child-health-in-israel-building-lives
#1
REVIEW
Lisa Rubin, Ilana Belmaker, Eli Somekh, Jacob Urkin, Mary Rudolf, Mira Honovich, Natalya Bilenko, Zachi Grossman
Israel is home to a child-oriented society that values strong family ties, universal child benefits, and free education for all children from 3 years of age to school grade 12. Alongside the universal health-care services that are guaranteed by the National Health Insurance Law and strong, community-based primary and preventive care services, these values have resulted in good maternal and child health. In 2015, infant and maternal mortality (3·1 deaths per 1000 livebirths and 2·0 deaths per 100 000 livebirths, respectively) were lower than the mean infant and maternal mortality of countries within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492914/antibiotic-prescribing-for-nonbacterial-acute-upper-respiratory-infections-in-elderly-persons
#2
Michael Silverman, Marcus Povitz, Jessica M Sontrop, Lihua Li, Lucie Richard, Sonny Cejic, Salimah Z Shariff
Background: Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute upper respiratory tract infections (AURIs) requires a better understanding of the factors associated with this practice. Objective: To determine the prevalence of antibiotic prescribing for nonbacterial AURIs and whether prescribing rates varied by physician characteristics. Design: Retrospective analysis of linked administrative health care data. Setting: Primary care physician practices in Ontario, Canada (January-December 2012)...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479026/correlates-of-physical-activity-counseling-by-health-providers-to-patients-with-diabetes-and-hypertension-attended-by-the-family-health-strategy-in-the-state-of-pernambuco-brazil
#3
Jessyka Mary Vasconcelos Barbosa, Wayner Vieira de Souza, Renan Williams Marques Ferreira, Eduardo Maia Freese de Carvalho, Eduarda Angela Pessoa Cesse, Annick Fontbonne
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine correlates of physical activity (PA) counseling by health providers of the Brazilian primary care delivery system, for hypertensive and diabetic subjects, as well as correlates of actual leisure-time PA of these subjects. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in random samples of 785 hypertensive and 822 diabetic subjects, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Relationships between PA counseling and leisure-time PA and explanatory variables were sought through multiple logistic regressions...
May 3, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456509/effect-of-early-tranexamic-acid-administration-on-mortality-hysterectomy-and-other-morbidities-in-women-with-post-partum-haemorrhage-woman-an-international-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Post-partum haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide. Early administration of tranexamic acid reduces deaths due to bleeding in trauma patients. We aimed to assess the effects of early administration of tranexamic acid on death, hysterectomy, and other relevant outcomes in women with post-partum haemorrhage. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we recruited women aged 16 years and older with a clinical diagnosis of post-partum haemorrhage after a vaginal birth or caesarean section from 193 hospitals in 21 countries...
April 26, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440861/findings-from-the-families-on-track-intervention-pilot-trial-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-and-their-families
#5
Christie L M Petrenko, Mary E Pandolfino, Luther K Robinson
BACKGROUND: Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are at high risk for costly, debilitating mental health problems and secondary conditions, such as school disruption, trouble with the law, and substance use. The study objective was to pilot a multi-component intervention designed to prevent secondary conditions in children with FASD and improve family adaptation. METHODS: Thirty children with FASD or prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) (ages 4 to 8) and their primary caregivers were enrolled...
April 25, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421600/lay-led-and-peer-support-interventions-for-adolescents-with-asthma
#6
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Iain Crossingham
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with asthma are at high risk of poor adherence with treatment. This may be compounded by activities that worsen asthma, in particular smoking. Additional support above and beyond routine care has the potential to encourage good self-management. We wanted to find out whether sessions led by their peers or by lay leaders help to reduce these risks and improve asthma outcomes among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of lay-led and peer support interventions for adolescents with asthma...
April 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391966/educational-attainment-at-age-10-11%C3%A2-years-predicts-health-risk-behaviors-and-injury-risk-during-adolescence
#7
Joanne C Demmler, Rebecca A Hill, Muhammad A Rahman, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Melanie A Healy, Shantini Paranjothy, Simon Murphy, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Ann John, Ronan A Lyons, Sinead T Brophy
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of educational attainment in primary school on later adolescent health. METHODS: Education data attainments at age 7 and 11 were linked with (1) primary and secondary care injury consultation/admissions and (2) the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. Cox regression was carried out to examine if attainment in primary school predicts time to injury in adolescence. RESULTS: Pupils that achieve attainment at age 7 but not at age 11 (i...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355336/the-relationship-between-indicators-of-socioeconomic-status-and-cesarean-section-in-public-hospitals
#8
Alexandre Faisal-Cury, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Julieta Quayle, Kely Santiago, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between indicators of socioeconomic status and cesarean section in public hospitals that adopt standardized protocols of obstetrical care. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted between May 2005 and January 2006 with 831 pregnant women recruited from 10 public primary care clinics in São Paulo, Brazil. Demographic and clinical characteristics were collected during pregnancy. The three main exposures were schooling, monthly family income per capita, and residential crowding...
March 23, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331766/evaluation-of-breast-cancer-risk-levels-and-its-relation-with-breast-self-examination-practices-in-women
#9
Ruhuşen Kutlu, Ümmiye Biçer
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the breast cancer risk levels and its relation with the frequency of breast self-examination practices in women who were 20 years old and over. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted on 867 women, who were 20 years old and over presenting to a family medicine outpatient clinic for any reasons. The participants filled in the "Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Form" which is recommended to assess the risk of breast cancer by the Ministry of Health...
January 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320789/-right-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sustained-nurse-home-visiting-from-pregnancy-to-child-age-2%C3%A2-years-versus-usual-care-to-improve-parent-care-parent-responsivity-and-the-home-learning-environment-at-2%C3%A2-years
#10
Sharon Goldfeld, Anna Price, Hannah Bryson, Tracey Bruce, Fiona Mensah, Francesca Orsini, Lisa Gold, Harriet Hiscock, Charlene Smith, Lara Bishop, Dianne Jackson, Lynn Kemp
INTRODUCTION: By the time children start school, inequities in learning, development and health outcomes are already evident. Sustained nurse home visiting (SNHV) offers a potential platform for families experiencing adversity, who often have limited access to services. While SNHV programmes have been growing in popularity in Australia and internationally, it is not known whether they can improve children's learning and development when offered via the Australian service system. The right@home trial aims to investigate the effectiveness of an SNHV programme, offered to women from pregnancy to child age 2 years, in improving parent care of and responsivity to the child, and the home learning environment...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263369/hospital-variation-in-rates-of-new-institutionalizations-within-6-months-of-discharge
#11
Addie Middleton, Jie Zhou, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James S Goodwin
OBJECTIVES: Hospitalization in community-dwelling elderly is often accompanied by functional loss, increasing the risk for continued functional decline and future institutionalization. The primary objective of our study was to examine the hospital-level variation in rates of new institutionalizations among Medicare beneficiaries. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospitals and nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries discharged from 4,469 hospitals in 2013 (N = 4,824,040)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262913/pharmacological-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#12
REVIEW
Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children at some stage complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) of sufficient severity to interfere with their daily lives. When no clear organic cause is found, the children are managed with reassurance and simple measures; a large range of pharmacological interventions have been recommended for use in these children. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions for RAP in children of school age...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168655/obesity-risk-awareness-in-women-with-endometrial-cancer
#13
Elizabeth V Connor, Christina A Raker, Melissa A Clark, Ashley R Stuckey
PURPOSE: To assess whether women with endometrial cancer could accurately classify their weight and identify the association between obesity and risk of endometrial, breast, and colon cancers. METHODS: This was an IRB-approved (Project No. 14-0075), survey-based cross-sectional study of women ages 18-80 years with a diagnosis of endometrial cancer. Patients were at least 6 months from hysterectomy and 3 months from chemotherapy or radiation. Statistical analysis was completed using Fisher's exact test, T test, ANOVA, Wilcoxon rank-sum test, or Kruskal-Wallis test...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125998/do-men-regret-prostate-biopsy-results-from-the-picture-study
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Catherine Coyle, Eileen Morgan, Frances J Drummond, Linda Sharp, Anna Gavin
BACKGROUND: Understanding men's experience of prostate biopsy is important as the procedure is common, invasive and carries potential risks. The psychological aspects of prostate biopsy have been somewhat neglected. The aim of this study was to explore the level of regret experienced by men after prostate biopsy and identify any associated factors. METHODS: Men attending four clinics in Republic of Ireland and two in Northern Ireland were given a questionnaire to explore their experience of prostate biopsy...
January 26, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123222/homelessness-unsheltered-status-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-findings-from-the-100%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-000-homes-campaign
#15
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Dorota Szymkowiak, Jessica Marcus, Paul Howard, Dennis P Culhane
OBJECTIVES: People who live in unsheltered situations, such as the streets, often have poorer health, less access to health care, and an increased risk of premature mortality as compared with their sheltered counterparts. The objectives of this study were to (1) compare the characteristics of people experiencing homelessness who were sleeping primarily in unsheltered situations with those who were accessing homeless shelters and other sheltered situations, (2) identify correlates of unsheltered status, and (3) assess the relationship between unsheltered status and increased risk of mortality...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110864/sexual-behavior-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya-a-comparison-of-institutional-and-family-based-care-settings
#16
Lonnie Embleton, Joram Nyandat, David Ayuku, Edwin Sang, Allan Kamanda, Samuel Ayaya, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Rachel Vreeman, Lukoye Atwoli, Omar Galarraga, Mary A Ott, Paula Braitstein
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation of orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a cohort of orphaned adolescents aged 10-18 years living in 300 randomly selected households and 19 charitable children's institutions. The primary outcomes were having ever had consensual sex, number of sex partners, transactional sex, and forced sex...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095706/translation-and-pilot-testing-of-a-measure-to-assess-hypertension-self-care-activities-among-hispanics
#17
Jan Warren-Findlow, Maren J Coffman, Celia A Karp
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics in the US have high rates of uncontrolled hypertension in comparison to non-Hispanic whites. This pilot study reports on the translation of a validated measure, the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects (H-SCALE), for use with Spanish speakers. The H-SCALE assesses Hispanics' adherence to lifestyle activities that contribute to primary and secondary risk reduction of high blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected from Hispanic primary care patients attending a free health clinic in Charlotte, NC...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057142/-hiv-transmission-in-newly-reported-hiv-infected-couples-before-diagnoses-in-five-provinces-china-2011-2014
#18
J Li, H L Tang, J Han, J Xu, Z Y Shen, W W Lai, Y H Shi, D Y Sun, M J Ni, Y R Mao
Objective: To understand the HIV transmission and associated factors in newly reported HIV infected couples before diagnosis. Methods: The information about newly reported HIV infected couples in Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Henan and Xinjiang provinces (autonomous region) were collected from National HIV/AIDS Information System from 2011 to 2014. The infection order of the sero-concordant couples were determined. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the HIV transmission between couples and identify the associated factors...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039870/outcomes-of-treated-hypertension-at-age-80-and-older-cohort-analysis-of-79-376-individuals
#19
João Delgado, Jane A H Masoli, Kirsty Bowman, W David Strain, George A Kuchel, Kate Walters, Louise Lafortune, Carol Brayne, David Melzer, Alessandro Ble
OBJECTIVES: To estimate outcomes according to attained blood pressure (BP) in the oldest adults treated for hypertension in routine family practice. DESIGN: Cohort analysis of primary care inpatient and death certificate data for individuals with hypertension. SETTING: Primary care practices in England (Clinical Practice Research Datalink). PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 80 and older taking antihypertensive medication and free of dementia, cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and end-stage renal failure at baseline...
December 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011082/-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-review-of-the-current-guidelines
#20
E Saliba, T Debillon, S Auvin, O Baud, V Biran, J-L Chabernaud, S Chabrier, F Cneude, A-G Cordier, V Darmency-Stamboul, J-F Diependaele, T Debillon, M Dinomais, C Durand, A Ego, G Favrais, Y Gruel, L Hertz-Pannier, B Husson, S Marret, S N'Guyen The Tich, T Perez, E Saliba, J-B Valentin, C Vuillerot
Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) is a rare event that occurs in approximately one in 5000 term or close-to-term infants. Most affected infants will present with seizures. Although a well-recognized clinical entity, many questions remain regarding diagnosis, risk factors, treatment, and follow-up modalities. In the absence of a known pathophysiological mechanism and lack of evidence-based guidelines, only supportive care is currently provided. To address these issues, a French national committee set up by the French Neonatal Society (Société française de néonatologie) and the national referral center (Centre national de référence) for arterial ischemic stroke in children drew up guidelines based on an HAS (Haute Autorité de santé [HAS]; French national authority for health) methodology...
February 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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