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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914972/experience-of-primary-care-services-among-early-adolescents-in-england-and-association-with-health-outcomes
#1
Arrash A Yassaee, Dougal S Hargreaves, Kayleigh Chester, Stephanie Lamb, Ann Hagell, Fiona M Brooks
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate adolescents' (11-15 years) experience of their general practitioner (GP), whether poor reported GP experience was associated with worse physical and mental health measures and whether poor previous GP experience was linked to lower utilization of these services. METHODS: We used logistic regression to analyze data from the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Four aspects of recent care experience were studied: feeling at ease, feeling treated with respect, satisfaction with doctor's explanation, and feeling able to discuss personal matters...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903309/the-rise-and-fall-of-hospitalizations-for-skin-infections-in-new-zealand-2004-2014-trends-by-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-deprivation
#2
A Lim, J Rumball-Smith, R Jones, I Kawachi
Since the 1990s, New Zealand (NZ) has seen an increasing incidence of paediatric skin infections leading to hospitalization. We sought to describe the epidemiology of these infections over time. Hospital discharge data were analysed for all children admitted to any NZ public hospital from 2004 to 2014. We found the age-standardized incidence of hospitalizations due to skin infections increased during this period from 522/100 000 in 2004 to a peak of 644/100 000 in 2011, after which it declined to 524/100 000 in 2014...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879980/theory-based-interventions-for-contraception
#3
REVIEW
Laureen M Lopez, Thomas W Grey, Mario Chen, Elizabeth E Tolley, Laurie L Stockton
BACKGROUND: The explicit use of theory in research helps expand the knowledge base. Theories and models have been used extensively in HIV-prevention research and in interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The health behavior field uses many theories or models of change. However, many educational interventions addressing contraception have no explicit theoretical base. OBJECTIVES: To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested a theoretical approach to inform contraceptive choice and encourage or improve contraceptive use...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852270/inequalities-in-healthy-life-expectancy-by-brazilian-geographic-regions-findings-from-the-national-health-survey-2013
#4
Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza Júnior, Aline Pinto Marques, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Dalia Elena Romero Montilla
BACKGROUND: The demographic shift and epidemiologic transition in Brazil have drawn attention to ways of measuring population health that complement studies of mortality. In this paper, we investigate regional differences in healthy life expectancy based on information from the National Health Survey (PNS), 2013. METHODS: In the survey, a three-stage cluster sampling (census tracts, households and individuals) with stratification of the primary sampling units and random selection in all stages was used to select 60,202 Brazilian adults (18 years and over)...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843858/clinical-study-of-burn-patients-requiring-admission-a-single-center-experience-at-north-eastern-indira-gandhi-regional-institute-of-health-and-medical-sciences
#5
Donkupar Khongwar, Ranendra Hajong, Jyoutishman Saikia, Noor Topno, Arup J Baruah, Ojing Komut
BACKGROUND: Although burns are a major problem in health care, a lot of the variation in risk factors exists from region to region which if uncovered correctly could help take effective prevention measures. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the 3-year (January 2012 to January 2015) epidemiology of burn injuries admitted to our hospital (primary objective) and to find areas of improvement in burn care (secondary objective). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After obtaining ethical approval data were obtained from the medical record section regarding age, sex, residence, occupation, marital status, socioeconomic status, dates of admission and discharge, circumstances regarding the place, intent, cause, and source of heat...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832209/handgrip-strength-and-factors-associated-in-poor-elderly-assisted-at-a-primary-care-unit-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#6
Valéria Teresa Saraiva Lino, Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Gisele O'Dwyer, Mônica Kramer de Noronha Andrade, Inês Echenique Mattos, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a condition diagnosed when the patient presents low muscle mass, plus low muscle strength or low physical performance. Muscle weakness in the oldest (dynapenia) is a major public health concern because it predicts future all-cause mortality and is associated with falls, disability, cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Grip strength is a simple method for assessment of muscle function in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the grip strength and identify factors associated with handgrip strength variation in elderly people with low socioeconomic status...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788168/dexa-body-composition-assessment-in-10-11-year-healthy-children
#7
W M Verduin, R Van Den Helder, H J Doodeman, E Struijf, A P J Houdijk
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing health problem associated with metabolic derangements and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence links the accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) to these obesity related health risks in adults. Childhood obesity is associated with a lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease and poses a serious challenge to future health care. In children, there is much less data on the prevalence and gender differences of visceral obesity than in adults...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780500/adverse-events-following-diagnostic-urethral-catheterization-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#8
Julie Ouellet-Pelletier, Chantal Guimont, Marie Gauthier, Jocelyn Gravel
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess adverse events associated with diagnostic urethral catheterization (UC) in young children and to determine their impact on the patient and their family. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary-care pediatric hospital. All 3- to 24-month-old children with fever who had a diagnostic UC were eligible. Parents who consented to participate were contacted by phone within 7 to 10 days after the UC to answer a standardized questionnaire inquiring about complications...
November 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778517/fertility-related-knowledge-and-information-seeking-behaviour-among-people-of-reproductive-age-a-qualitative-study
#9
Karin Hammarberg, Rebecca Zosel, Caroline Comoy, Sarah Robertson, Carol Holden, Mandy Deeks, Louise Johnson
Some potentially modifiable factors adversely affect fertility and pregnancy health. To inform a fertility health promotion programme, this study investigated fertility knowledge and information-seeking behaviour among people of reproductive age. This was a qualitative study involving six focus group discussions with women and men who intended to have children in the future and eight paired interviews with couples who were actively trying to conceive. Participants (n = 74) themselves generally claimed 'low' to 'average' levels of knowledge about fertility...
October 25, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766977/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-supplemental-oxygen-or-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-the-delivery-room-in-infants-born-with-a-gestational-age%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-34%C3%A2-weeks
#10
Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Saint Clair Gomes Junior, Ruth Guinsburg, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Silvana Granado Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Approximately 5-10 % of newborns require some form of resuscitationupon delivery; several factors, such as maternal abnormal conditions, gestational age and type of delivery could be responsible for this trend. This study aimed to describe the factors associated with the need for positive pressure ventilation (PPV) via a mask or endotracheal tube and the use of supplemental O2 in newborns with a gestational age greater than 34 weeks in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study and obtained data from the Birth in Brazil Survey...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749495/sun-related-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-and-secondary-schoolchildren-in-western-switzerland
#11
Anne Vuadens, Simone Ackermann, Fabio Levi, Jean-Luc Bulliard
Switzerland, particularly its western region, has the highest incidence of melanoma in Europe. Although the risk of melanoma increases with sun overexposure during childhood, sun-related knowledge and attitudes of Swiss children are scarcely documented. We report the first investigation of the knowledge of the danger of ultraviolet radiation, attitudes towards a suntan and parental influence of schoolchildren in western Switzerland. All fifth, eighth and eleventh graders (average ages of 9, 12 and 15, respectively) in the 18 primary (fifth grade, n=431) and secondary (eighth and eleventh grades, n=837) public schools of La Chaux-de-Fonds were surveyed during regular school classes...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665586/breast-cancer-screening-initiation-after-turning-40%C3%A2-years-of-age-within-the-prospr-consortium
#12
Elisabeth F Beaber, Anna N A Tosteson, Jennifer S Haas, Tracy Onega, Brian L Sprague, Donald L Weaver, Anne Marie McCarthy, Chyke A Doubeni, Virginia P Quinn, Celette Sugg Skinner, Ann G Zauber, William E Barlow
PURPOSE: Although United States clinical guidelines differ, the earliest recommended age for average risk breast cancer screening is 40 years. Little is known about factors influencing screening initiation. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study within the National Cancer Institute-funded Population-based Research Optimizing Screening through Personalized Regimens (PROSPR) consortium. We identified 3413 women on their 40th birthday in primary care networks at Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth (DH) and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) during 2011-2013 with no prior breast imaging or breast cancer...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637872/-suicidal-behavior-prevention-for-children-under-age-13-a-systematic-review
#13
L Baux-Cazal, E Gokalsing, S Amadeo, A Messiah
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to review international literature on suicidal behavior prevention for children under age 13. METHODS: We gathered all relevant articles on suicide prevention for children under 13. We researched all publications in the French and English languages in PubMed (MEDLINE), PsychINFO and SUDOC databases published until February 2014, with the keywords "child", "child preschool", "prevention and control", "suicide", and "suicide attempted"...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630981/the-amagugu-intervention-a-conceptual-framework-for-increasing-hiv-disclosure-and-parent-led-communication-about-health-among-hiv-infected-parents-with-hiv-uninfected-primary-school-aged-children
#14
Tamsen J Rochat, Joanie Mitchell, Alan Stein, Ntombizodumo Brilliant Mkwanazi, Ruth M Bland
Advances in access to HIV prevention and treatment have reduced vertical transmission of HIV, with most children born to HIV-infected parents being HIV-uninfected themselves. A major challenge that HIV-infected parents face is disclosure of their HIV status to their predominantly HIV-uninfected children. Their children enter middle childhood and early adolescence facing many challenges associated with parental illness and hospitalization, often exacerbated by stigma and a lack of access to health education and support...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573085/the-pediatrician-s-role-in-optimizing-school-readiness
#15
(no author information available yet)
School readiness includes not only the early academic skills of children but also their physical health, language skills, social and emotional development, motivation to learn, creativity, and general knowledge. Families and communities play a critical role in ensuring children's growth in all of these areas and thus their readiness for school. Schools must be prepared to teach all children when they reach the age of school entry, regardless of their degree of readiness. Research on early brain development emphasizes the effects of early experiences, relationships, and emotions on creating and reinforcing the neural connections that are the basis for learning...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554512/health-literacy-assessment-in-an-otolaryngology-clinic-population
#16
Uchechukwu C Megwalu, Jennifer Y Lee
OBJECTIVE: To assess health literacy in an adult tertiary care otolaryngology clinic population and to explore potential determinants of inadequate health literacy. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care otolaryngology clinic. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population included all adult patients treated at 3 of Stanford University's adult otolaryngology clinic sites between March 1 and 11, 2016...
December 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547041/implementation-of-a-screening-program-for-patients-at-risk-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Carmen R Roberts, Joanie E Wofford, Haley M Hoy, Mitchell N Faddis
INTRODUCTION: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are known to be associated with significant cardiac-specific mortality. Clinical observations suggest that PTSD is frequently undetected in ICD recipients followed up at electrophysiology (EP) outpatient clinics. Early recognition of PTSD is important to reduce the risk of serious manifestations on patient outcomes. METHODS: All ICD recipients aged 19 years or older at the Washington University School of Medicine (WASHU) EP clinic, a large urban EP clinic, were invited to participate in the project...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535547/the-relationship-between-childcare-and-adiposity-body-mass-and-obesity-related-risk-factors-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#18
Silvia Costa, Jean Adams, Veronica Phillips, Sara E Benjamin Neelon
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of obesity, particularly in childhood, is a global public health emergency. There is some evidence that exposure to non-parental childcare before age 6 years is associated with subsequent development of obesity and obesity-related behaviours such as physical activity, sedentary behaviour, sleep, diet and stress, although these findings are inconsistent. It is possible that the relationship between early childcare and later obesity and obesity-related behaviours depends on characteristics of childcare exposure such as type (i...
2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531636/variations-in-perceived-primary-healthcare-access-across-family-structures-and-their-predictors-in-adolescents
#19
Kénora Chau, Jean-Charles Vauthier, Bernard Kabuth
Families have greatly changed over time and little is known about primary care access barriers for adolescents associated with family type. We assessed family disparities in lack of listening and treatment explanations (LLTE) by general practitioners (GP), lack of treatment adherence (LTA) and GP change and the confounding roles of socioeconomic factors, school, behaviour and health difficulties among 1559 middle-school-aged (9.9-18.8 years old) adolescents who completed a questionnaire on sex, age, socioeconomic characteristics (family structure, nationality, parents' occupation, education and income), school performance, substance use, physical health, psychological health, social relationships, living environment, LLTE by GPs, LTA and GP change...
August 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492450/obesity-in-older-people-with-and-without-conditions-associated-with-weight-loss-follow-up-of-955-000-primary-care-patients
#20
Kirsty Bowman, João Delgado, William E Henley, Jane A Masoli, Katarina Kos, Carol Brayne, Praveen Thokala, Louise Lafortune, George A Kuchel, Alessandro Ble, David Melzer
BACKGROUND: Moderate obesity in later life may improve survival, prompting calls to revise obesity control policies. However, this obesity paradox may be due to confounding from smoking, diseases causing weight-loss, plus varying follow-up periods. We aimed to estimate body mass index (BMI) associations with mortality, incident type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease in older people with and without the above confounders. METHODS: Cohort analysis in Clinical Practice Research Datalink primary care, hospital and death certificate electronic medical records in England for ages 60 to more than 85 years...
August 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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