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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058313/the-role-of-social-risk-in-an-early-preventative-care-programme-for-infants-born-very-preterm-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Alicia J Spittle, Karli Treyvaud, Katherine J Lee, Peter J Anderson, Lex W Doyle
AIM: To examine the differential effects of an early intervention programme for infants born preterm on neurodevelopment and parental mental health according to family social risk. METHOD: One hundred and twenty infants born earlier than 30 weeks' gestation were randomized to early intervention (n=61) or control groups (n=59). Cognitive, language, and motor outcomes were assessed by blinded assessors at 2 years, 4 years, and 8 years, and primary caregivers completed questionnaires on their anxiety and depression...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046025/-asthma-associated-oral-and-dental-health-repercussions-in-children-aged-6-to-12-years
#2
Juana Angélica Ramos-Ríos, Esperanza Ramírez-Hernández, Eliza Mireya Vázquez-Rodríguez, Francisco Vázquez-Nava
BACKGROUND: Asthma, which is characterized by mouth breathing and by the use of drugs for its treatment, affects between 1 and 30% of children and adolescents. There are only few studies reporting its impact on the oral cavity. OBJECTIVE: To find out the most common asthma-associated repercussions in 6 to 12-year-old children. METHODS: Cross-sectional, comparative, analytical study carried out in 2 primary schools from Coclique, Veracruz, Mexico, in 6 to 12-year-old children...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841845/sociodemographic-factors-and-pregnancy-outcomes-associated-with-prepregnancy-obesity-effect-modification-of-parity-in-the-nationwide-epifane-birth-cohort
#3
Julie Boudet-Berquier, Benoit Salanave, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Katia Castetbon
BACKGROUND: In light of the adverse outcomes for mothers and offspring related to maternal obesity, identification of subgroups of women at risk of prepregnancy obesity and its related-adverse issues is crucial for optimizing antenatal care. We aimed to identify sociodemographic factors and maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with prepregnancy obesity, and we tested the effect modification of parity on these associations. METHODS: In 2012, 3368 mothers who had delivered in 136 randomly selected maternity wards were included just after birth in the French birth cohort, Epifane...
August 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821523/effectiveness-of-a-pragmatic-school-based-universal-resilience-intervention-in-reducing-tobacco-alcohol-and-illicit-substance-use-in-a-population-of-adolescents-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Rebecca Kate Hodder, Megan Freund, Jenny Bowman, Luke Wolfenden, Elizabeth Campbell, Julia Dray, Christophe Lecathelinais, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVES: Initiation of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use typically occurs during adolescence, with the school setting recommended to reduce adolescent substance use. Strengthening individual (eg, problem solving) and environmental (eg, caring relationships at school) resilience protective factors of adolescents has been suggested as a strategy for reducing substance use by adolescents; however, few studies have examined this potential. A study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a pragmatic school-based universal 'resilience' intervention in reducing the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use, and increasing the individual and environmental protective factors of students...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#5
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762359/factors-associated-with-antenatal-care-services-utilisation-patterns-amongst-reproductive-age-women-in-benin-republic-an-analysis-of-2011-2012-benin-republic-s-demographic-and-health-survey-data
#6
Justin Dansou, Adeyemi O Adekunle, Ayodele O Arowojolu
BACKGROUND: High maternal and neonatal mortality persist in Benin Republic despite recent improvements. Numerous women and newborns continue to suffer preventable deaths. Although factors associated with the attendance of at least one antenatal care (ANC) visit are well documented, there is little evidence on factors related to compliance with World Health Organization (WHO) recommended four ANC visits. The present study determined the extent to which reproductive age mothers received the ANC check-ups at a health facility focussing on the WHO-recommended regimen...
April 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758189/task-oriented-interventions-for-children-with-developmental-co-ordination-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Motohide Miyahara, Susan L Hillier, Liz Pridham, Shinichi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: Developmental co-ordination disorder (DCD) is a common childhood disorder, which can persist into adolescence and adulthood. Children with DCD have difficulties in performing the essential motor tasks required for self-care, academic, social and recreational activities. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of task-oriented interventions on movement performance, psychosocial functions, activity, and participation for children with DCD and to examine differential intervention effects as a factor of age, sex, severity of DCD, intervention intensity, and type of intervention...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743338/-clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-high-plasma-level-of-procalcitonin-an-analysis-in-188-patients
#8
Chuli Pan, Wei Cui, Feifei Zhou, Junwei Tu, Xiuhui Lin, Libin Li, Gensheng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with high level of plasma procalcitonin (PCT > 100 μg/L), and to improve the clinician's understanding, diagnosis and treatment of this kind of patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. The clinical data of patients with plasma PCT over 100 μg/L within 48 hours of admission admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from February 2013 to December 2016 were collected, and the clinical characteristics were analyzed...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725205/school-functioning-of-a-particularly-vulnerable-group-children-and-young-people-in-residential-child-care
#9
Carla González-García, Susana Lázaro-Visa, Iriana Santos, Jorge F Del Valle, Amaia Bravo
A large proportion of the children and young people in residential child care in Spain are there as a consequence of abuse and neglect in their birth families. Research has shown that these types of adverse circumstances in childhood are risk factors for emotional and behavioral problems, as well as difficulties in adapting to different contexts. School achievement is related to this and represents one of the most affected areas. Children in residential child care exhibit extremely poor performance and difficulties in school functioning which affects their transition to adulthood and into the labor market...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705080/the-prevalence-of-zinc-deficiency-and-its-correlation-with-iron-status-and-economical-living-area-in-9-12-year-old-children
#10
Tirang R Neyestani, Bahareh Nikooyeh, Majid Hajifaraji, Ali Kalayi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed firstly to assess zinc and iron status of 9-12-year-old children of Tehran and secondly to determine a cut-off for circulating biomarkers of iron status to identify children at increased risk of zinc deficiency. RESEARCH METHODS & PROCEDURES: In a cross-sectional study, demographic and anthropometric data from 505 boys and 467 girls aged 9-12 years from Tehran primary schools were obtained and their zinc and iron status was assessed. RESULTS: The prevalence of zinc deficiency, anemia, and iron depletion was 12...
July 14, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698169/effectiveness-of-digital-medicines-to-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-uncontrolled-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-prospective-open-label-cluster-randomized-pilot-clinical-trial
#11
Juan Frias, Naunihal Virdi, Praveen Raja, Yoona Kim, George Savage, Lars Osterberg
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus are major modifiable risk factors for cardiac, cerebrovascular, and kidney diseases. Reasons for poor disease control include nonadherence, lack of patient engagement, and therapeutic inertia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact on clinic-measured blood pressure (BP) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) using a digital medicine offering (DMO) that measures medication ingestion adherence, physical activity, and rest using digital medicines (medication taken with ingestible sensor), wearable sensor patches, and a mobile device app...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686545/the-concurrent-validity-of-the-problem-oriented-screening-instrument-for-teenagers-posit-substance-use-abuse-subscale-in-adolescent-patients-in-an-urban-federally-qualified-health-center
#12
Sharon M Kelly, Kevin E O'Grady, Jan Gryczynski, Shannon Gwin Mitchell, Arethusa Kirk, Robert P Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT) substance use/abuse subscale has been validated with high school students, adolescents with criminal justice involvement, and adolescent substance use treatment samples using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-III-R and DSM-IV. This study examines the concurrent validity of the POSIT's standard 17-item substance use/abuse subscale and a revised, shorter 11-item version using DSM-5 substance use disorder diagnoses...
July 7, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614533/effect-of-fluoride-on-salivary-immunoglobulins-and-sialic-acid
#13
Kadriye Görkem Ulu Güzel, Zuhal Kirzioğlu, Ali Kudret Adiloğlu, Münciye Semra Özay Ertürk
Objective: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride on salivary immunoglobulin and sialic acid levels in children with dental fluorosis and healthy teeth who live in places with high fluoride concentration in drinking water. Method: Fifty-one (51) healthy children between 6 and 12 years old with no caries were randomly selected from primary schools enrolled in the dental-care program operated by the Department of Pediatric Dentistry. The children were divided into two groups: group I comprised 26 children with dental fluorosis [Thylstrup-Fejerskov Dental Fluorosis Index (TFI) = 4] who lived in Isparta (2...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596800/a-comparative-study-of-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-almajiris-and-public-primary-school-pupils-in-zaria-northwest-nigeria
#14
Aishatu Abubakar-Abdullateef, Babatunde Adedokun, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: 'Almajiris' are children and adolescents sent far away from their homes to study in Islamic schools under the care of Muslim scholars. Over the years, there has been a decline in the capacity of the scholars to cater to these pupils. Consequently, Almajiris spend significant periods of time on the streets begging and carrying out menial jobs to earn a living thereby increasing their risk for physical and mental disorders. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among Almajiris and public primary school pupils in Zaria...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594249/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-school-based-administration-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-for-at-risk-children-with-asthma
#15
Cherise B Harrington, Eric Langhans, Deborah Q Shelef, Molly Savitz, Colleen Whitmore, Stephen J Teach
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether high adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) among disadvantaged urban public school children on public insurance with persistent asthma is achievable by having school nurses administer morning doses on each day that school is in session. DESIGN/METHODS: This was a pilot prospective randomized clinical trial of home versus school nurse-administered ICS among children on Medicaid enrolled in grades K-8. The primary outcome was the proportion of expected morning doses of ICS given to the intervention group in school over the 60-day treatment period...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495101/maternal-and-child-health-in-israel-building-lives
#16
REVIEW
Lisa Rubin, Ilana Belmaker, Eli Somekh, Jacob Urkin, Mary Rudolf, Mira Honovich, Natalya Bilenko, Zachi Grossman
Israel is home to a child-oriented society that values strong family ties, universal child benefits, and free education for all children from 3 years of age to school grade 12. Alongside the universal health-care services that are guaranteed by the National Health Insurance Law and strong, community-based primary and preventive care services, these values have resulted in good maternal and child health. In 2015, infant and maternal mortality (3·1 deaths per 1000 livebirths and 2·0 deaths per 100 000 livebirths, respectively) were lower than the mean infant and maternal mortality of countries within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development...
June 24, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492914/antibiotic-prescribing-for-nonbacterial-acute-upper-respiratory-infections-in-elderly-persons
#17
Michael Silverman, Marcus Povitz, Jessica M Sontrop, Lihua Li, Lucie Richard, Sonny Cejic, Salimah Z Shariff
Background: Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute upper respiratory tract infections (AURIs) requires a better understanding of the factors associated with this practice. Objective: To determine the prevalence of antibiotic prescribing for nonbacterial AURIs and whether prescribing rates varied by physician characteristics. Design: Retrospective analysis of linked administrative health care data. Setting: Primary care physician practices in Ontario, Canada (January-December 2012)...
June 6, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479026/correlates-of-physical-activity-counseling-by-health-providers-to-patients-with-diabetes-and-hypertension-attended-by-the-family-health-strategy-in-the-state-of-pernambuco-brazil
#18
Jessyka Mary Vasconcelos Barbosa, Wayner Vieira de Souza, Renan Williams Marques Ferreira, Eduardo Maia Freese de Carvalho, Eduarda Angela Pessoa Cesse, Annick Fontbonne
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine correlates of physical activity (PA) counseling by health providers of the Brazilian primary care delivery system, for hypertensive and diabetic subjects, as well as correlates of actual leisure-time PA of these subjects. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in random samples of 785 hypertensive and 822 diabetic subjects, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Relationships between PA counseling and leisure-time PA and explanatory variables were sought through multiple logistic regressions...
May 3, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456509/effect-of-early-tranexamic-acid-administration-on-mortality-hysterectomy-and-other-morbidities-in-women-with-post-partum-haemorrhage-woman-an-international-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Post-partum haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide. Early administration of tranexamic acid reduces deaths due to bleeding in trauma patients. We aimed to assess the effects of early administration of tranexamic acid on death, hysterectomy, and other relevant outcomes in women with post-partum haemorrhage. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we recruited women aged 16 years and older with a clinical diagnosis of post-partum haemorrhage after a vaginal birth or caesarean section from 193 hospitals in 21 countries...
May 27, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440861/findings-from-the-families-on-track-intervention-pilot-trial-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-and-their-families
#20
Christie L M Petrenko, Mary E Pandolfino, Luther K Robinson
BACKGROUND: Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are at high risk for costly, debilitating mental health problems and secondary conditions, such as school disruption, trouble with the law, and substance use. The study objective was to pilot a multicomponent intervention designed to prevent secondary conditions in children with FASD and improve family adaptation. METHODS: Thirty children with FASD or prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) (ages 4 to 8) and their primary caregivers were enrolled...
July 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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