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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903309/the-rise-and-fall-of-hospitalizations-for-skin-infections-in-new-zealand-2004-2014-trends-by-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-deprivation
#1
A Lim, J Rumball-Smith, R Jones, I Kawachi
Since the 1990s, New Zealand (NZ) has seen an increasing incidence of paediatric skin infections leading to hospitalization. We sought to describe the epidemiology of these infections over time. Hospital discharge data were analysed for all children admitted to any NZ public hospital from 2004 to 2014. We found the age-standardized incidence of hospitalizations due to skin infections increased during this period from 522/100 000 in 2004 to a peak of 644/100 000 in 2011, after which it declined to 524/100 000 in 2014...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893940/community-healthcare-professionals-overestimate-the-risk-of-fatal-anaphylaxis-for-food-allergic-children
#2
H J Hanna, J Emmanuel, S Naim, T Umasunthar, R J Boyle
BACKGROUND: Fatal food anaphylaxis is rare, but a major concern for people with food allergy and their carers. We evaluated whether community healthcare professionals accurately estimate risk of fatal anaphylaxis for food allergic children, and whether accurate risk estimation is related to competence in recognizing and managing anaphylaxis. METHODS: We enrolled 90 community healthcare professionals in a cross-sectional survey - 30 primary care nurses, 30 school first aiders, 30 community pharmacists...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882650/a-qualitative-assessment-of-west-virginia-pharmacist-activities-and-attitude-in-diabetes-management
#3
Aymen Shatnawi, David A Latif
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The role of pharmacists in chronic disease state management has been shown to significantly improve patient health outcomes and reduce overall health care costs. The current study is designed to assess the roles and attitudes of West Virginia (WV) pharmacists toward diabetes, evaluate services provided, address pharmacist clinical understanding and training, and demonstrate the challenges that limit pharmacists ability to deliver an efficient disease state management...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881360/an-observational-registry-of-carotid-endarterectomy-and-carotid-artery-stenting-in-brazil-study-protocol
#4
Edwaldo Edner Joviliano, Winston Bonetti Yoshida, Marcone Lima Sobreira, Regina Moura, Ana Terezinha Guillaumon, Selma Regina De Oliveira Raymundo, Daniel Gustavo Miquelin, Ludvig Hafner, Marcelo Jose Almeida
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are alternative strategies for stroke prevention in patients with atherosclerotic carotid disease. CEA has been considered the first-line treatment for carotid stenosis worldwide, and the safety and efficacy of CAS compared to CEA remains in question. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the practice and outcomes of CAS and CEA in a real-world setting within public university hospitals in Brazil...
November 23, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879980/theory-based-interventions-for-contraception
#5
REVIEW
Laureen M Lopez, Thomas W Grey, Mario Chen, Elizabeth E Tolley, Laurie L Stockton
BACKGROUND: The explicit use of theory in research helps expand the knowledge base. Theories and models have been used extensively in HIV-prevention research and in interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The health behavior field uses many theories or models of change. However, many educational interventions addressing contraception have no explicit theoretical base. OBJECTIVES: To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested a theoretical approach to inform contraceptive choice and encourage or improve contraceptive use...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852270/inequalities-in-healthy-life-expectancy-by-brazilian-geographic-regions-findings-from-the-national-health-survey-2013
#6
Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza Júnior, Aline Pinto Marques, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Dalia Elena Romero Montilla
BACKGROUND: The demographic shift and epidemiologic transition in Brazil have drawn attention to ways of measuring population health that complement studies of mortality. In this paper, we investigate regional differences in healthy life expectancy based on information from the National Health Survey (PNS), 2013. METHODS: In the survey, a three-stage cluster sampling (census tracts, households and individuals) with stratification of the primary sampling units and random selection in all stages was used to select 60,202 Brazilian adults (18 years and over)...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843858/clinical-study-of-burn-patients-requiring-admission-a-single-center-experience-at-north-eastern-indira-gandhi-regional-institute-of-health-and-medical-sciences
#7
Donkupar Khongwar, Ranendra Hajong, Jyoutishman Saikia, Noor Topno, Arup J Baruah, Ojing Komut
BACKGROUND: Although burns are a major problem in health care, a lot of the variation in risk factors exists from region to region which if uncovered correctly could help take effective prevention measures. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the 3-year (January 2012 to January 2015) epidemiology of burn injuries admitted to our hospital (primary objective) and to find areas of improvement in burn care (secondary objective). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After obtaining ethical approval data were obtained from the medical record section regarding age, sex, residence, occupation, marital status, socioeconomic status, dates of admission and discharge, circumstances regarding the place, intent, cause, and source of heat...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832209/handgrip-strength-and-factors-associated-in-poor-elderly-assisted-at-a-primary-care-unit-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#8
Valéria Teresa Saraiva Lino, Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Gisele O'Dwyer, Mônica Kramer de Noronha Andrade, Inês Echenique Mattos, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a condition diagnosed when the patient presents low muscle mass, plus low muscle strength or low physical performance. Muscle weakness in the oldest (dynapenia) is a major public health concern because it predicts future all-cause mortality and is associated with falls, disability, cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Grip strength is a simple method for assessment of muscle function in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the grip strength and identify factors associated with handgrip strength variation in elderly people with low socioeconomic status...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788168/dexa-body-composition-assessment-in-10-11-year-healthy-children
#9
W M Verduin, R Van Den Helder, H J Doodeman, E Struijf, A P J Houdijk
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing health problem associated with metabolic derangements and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence links the accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) to these obesity related health risks in adults. Childhood obesity is associated with a lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease and poses a serious challenge to future health care. In children, there is much less data on the prevalence and gender differences of visceral obesity than in adults...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780500/adverse-events-following-diagnostic-urethral-catheterization-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#10
Julie Ouellet-Pelletier, Chantal Guimont, Marie Gauthier, Jocelyn Gravel
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess adverse events associated with diagnostic urethral catheterization (UC) in young children and to determine their impact on the patient and their family. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary-care pediatric hospital. All 3- to 24-month-old children with fever who had a diagnostic UC were eligible. Parents who consented to participate were contacted by phone within 7 to 10 days after the UC to answer a standardized questionnaire inquiring about complications...
November 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778517/fertility-related-knowledge-and-information-seeking-behaviour-among-people-of-reproductive-age-a-qualitative-study
#11
Karin Hammarberg, Rebecca Zosel, Caroline Comoy, Sarah Robertson, Carol Holden, Mandy Deeks, Louise Johnson
Some potentially modifiable factors adversely affect fertility and pregnancy health. To inform a fertility health promotion programme, this study investigated fertility knowledge and information-seeking behaviour among people of reproductive age. This was a qualitative study involving six focus group discussions with women and men who intended to have children in the future and eight paired interviews with couples who were actively trying to conceive. Participants (n = 74) themselves generally claimed 'low' to 'average' levels of knowledge about fertility...
October 25, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775428/initial-clinical-guidelines-for-co-occurring-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-gender-dysphoria-or-incongruence-in-adolescents
#12
John F Strang, Haley Meagher, Lauren Kenworthy, Annelou L C de Vries, Edgardo Menvielle, Scott Leibowitz, Aron Janssen, Peggy Cohen-Kettenis, Daniel E Shumer, Laura Edwards-Leeper, Richard R Pleak, Norman Spack, Dan H Karasic, Herbert Schreier, Anouk Balleur, Amy Tishelman, Diane Ehrensaft, Leslie Rodnan, Emily S Kuschner, Francie Mandel, Antonia Caretto, Hal C Lewis, Laura G Anthony
Evidence indicates an overrepresentation of youth with co-occurring autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and gender dysphoria (GD). The clinical assessment and treatment of adolescents with this co-occurrence is often complex, related to the developmental aspects of ASD. There are no guidelines for clinical care when ASD and GD co-occur; however, there are clinicians and researchers experienced in this co-occurrence. This study develops initial clinical consensus guidelines for the assessment and care of adolescents with co-occurring ASD and GD, from the best clinical practices of current experts in the field...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766977/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-supplemental-oxygen-or-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-the-delivery-room-in-infants-born-with-a-gestational-age%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-34%C3%A2-weeks
#13
Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Saint Clair Gomes Junior, Ruth Guinsburg, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Silvana Granado Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Approximately 5-10 % of newborns require some form of resuscitationupon delivery; several factors, such as maternal abnormal conditions, gestational age and type of delivery could be responsible for this trend. This study aimed to describe the factors associated with the need for positive pressure ventilation (PPV) via a mask or endotracheal tube and the use of supplemental O2 in newborns with a gestational age greater than 34 weeks in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study and obtained data from the Birth in Brazil Survey...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762160/-i-thought-if-i-marry-the-prophet-i-would-not-die-the-significance-of-religious-affiliation-on-marriage-hiv-testing-and-reproductive-health-practices-among-young-married-women-in-zimbabwe
#14
Denise Dion Hallfors, Bonita J Iritani, Lei Zhang, Shane Hartman, Winnie K Luseno, Elias Mpofu, Simbarashe Rusakaniko
This study examines the association between religious affiliation and reasons for marriage, perceived church attitudes, and reproductive health-seeking behaviors, including HIV testing, among young women in eastern rural Zimbabwe. The sample comprised women (N = 35) who had married by 2012 while participating in a larger randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the effects of school support on HIV-related risk. The RCT sample was identified in 2007 as all female sixth graders in 25 rural eastern Zimbabwe primary schools whose parents, one or both, had died (N = 328)...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749495/sun-related-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-and-secondary-schoolchildren-in-western-switzerland
#15
Anne Vuadens, Simone Ackermann, Fabio Levi, Jean-Luc Bulliard
Switzerland, particularly its western region, has the highest incidence of melanoma in Europe. Although the risk of melanoma increases with sun overexposure during childhood, sun-related knowledge and attitudes of Swiss children are scarcely documented. We report the first investigation of the knowledge of the danger of ultraviolet radiation, attitudes towards a suntan and parental influence of schoolchildren in western Switzerland. All fifth, eighth and eleventh graders (average ages of 9, 12 and 15, respectively) in the 18 primary (fifth grade, n=431) and secondary (eighth and eleventh grades, n=837) public schools of La Chaux-de-Fonds were surveyed during regular school classes...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713901/resilience-and-its-contributing-factors-in-adolescents-in-long-term-residential-care-facilities-affiliated-to-tehran-welfare-organization
#16
Manijeh Nourian, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Kian Nourozi Tabrizi, Maryam Rassouli, Akbar Biglarrian
BACKGROUND: Resilience is a quality that affects an individual's ability to cope with tension. The present study was conducted to determine resilience and its contributing factors in high-risk adolescents living in residential care facilities affiliated to Tehran Welfare Organization in order to help develop effective preventive measures for them. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted on 223 adolescents living in 15 different governmental residential care centers in 2014...
October 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665586/breast-cancer-screening-initiation-after-turning-40%C3%A2-years-of-age-within-the-prospr-consortium
#17
Elisabeth F Beaber, Anna N A Tosteson, Jennifer S Haas, Tracy Onega, Brian L Sprague, Donald L Weaver, Anne Marie McCarthy, Chyke A Doubeni, Virginia P Quinn, Celette Sugg Skinner, Ann G Zauber, William E Barlow
PURPOSE: Although United States clinical guidelines differ, the earliest recommended age for average risk breast cancer screening is 40 years. Little is known about factors influencing screening initiation. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study within the National Cancer Institute-funded Population-based Research Optimizing Screening through Personalized Regimens (PROSPR) consortium. We identified 3413 women on their 40th birthday in primary care networks at Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth (DH) and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) during 2011-2013 with no prior breast imaging or breast cancer...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651138/late-diagnosis-due-to-missed-opportunities-and-inadequate-screening-strategies-in-hiv-infected-mexican-women
#18
Alexandra Martin-Onraët, Patricia Volkow-Fernández, Victoria Alvarez-Wyssmann, Andrea González-Rodríguez, Jesús Casillas-Rodríguez, Lesvia Rivera-Abarca, Indiana Torres-Escobar, Juan Sierra-Madero
Late diagnosis of HIV remains a public health issue in Mexico. Most national programs target high-risk groups, not including women. More data on factors associated with late diagnosis and access to care in women are needed. In 2012-2013, Mexican women recently diagnosed with HIV were interviewed. Socio-cultural background, household-dynamics and clinical data were collected. Of 301 women, 49 % had <200 CD4 cells/mm(3), 8 % were illiterate, 31 % had only primary school. Physical/sexual violence was reported by 47/30 %; 75 % acquired HIV from their stable partners...
September 20, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651105/the-incidence-of-kawasaki-disease-after-vaccination-within-the-uk-pre-school-national-immunisation-programme-an-observational-thin-database-study
#19
Gillian C Hall, Robert Mr Tulloh, Louise E Tulloh
PURPOSE: To provide expected incidence rates of Kawasaki disease after vaccination in routine clinical practice and as recommended within a pre-school National Immunisation Programme (NIP). METHODS: A post-immunisation risk period when Kawasaki disease onset might be associated with vaccination was defined as 28 days. Immunisation records for children under 6 years were identified from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database of electronic UK primary health care records (2008-2012) and linked to previously validated cases of Kawasaki disease with an assigned date of onset...
September 21, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642209/school-based-screening-to-identify-children-at-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-barriers-and-implications
#20
Tammy D Barry, Raymond A Sturner, Karen Seymour, Barbara H Howard, Lucy McGoron, Paul Bergmann, Ronald Kent, Casey Sullivan, Theodore S Tomeny, Jessica S Pierce, Kristen L Coin, James K Goodlad, Nichole Werle
This report describes a school-based screening project to improve early identification of children at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and communicate these concerns to parents, recommending that they contact their child's primary care provider (PCP). Of 17,440 eligible children in first through fifth grades in five school districts, 47.0% of parents provided required written consent, and teachers completed 70.4% of the online screeners (using the Vanderbilt AD/HD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale)...
2016: Children's Health Care: Journal of the Association for the Care of Children's Health
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