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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046025/-asthma-associated-oral-and-dental-health-repercussions-in-children-aged-6-to-12-years
#1
Juana Angélica Ramos-Ríos, Esperanza Ramírez-Hernández, Eliza Mireya Vázquez-Rodríguez, Francisco Vázquez-Nava
BACKGROUND: Asthma, which is characterized by mouth breathing and by the use of drugs for its treatment, affects between 1 and 30% of children and adolescents. There are only few studies reporting its impact on the oral cavity. OBJECTIVE: To find out the most common asthma-associated repercussions in 6 to 12-year-old children. METHODS: Cross-sectional, comparative, analytical study carried out in 2 primary schools from Coclique, Veracruz, Mexico, in 6 to 12-year-old children...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992812/the-team-to-address-bariatric-care-in-canadian-children-team-abc3-team-grant-research-proposal
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity (SO) in Canadian children remains poorly understood. However, based on international data, the prevalence of SO appears to be increasing and is associated with a number of psychosocial, bio-mechanical, and cardiometabolic health risks. The purpose of our national Team to Address Bariatric Care in Canadian Children (Team ABC3) is to develop and lead a series of inter-related studies to enhance the understanding and management of SO in Canadian children and adolescents (0-18 years)...
October 5, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989126/risk-factors-and-treatment-needs-among-orphan-school-children
#3
Malleedi Shanthi, E V Soma Sekhar Goud, G Padmanabha Kumar, Jagdeesh P Rajguru, Subramaniam Ratnasothy, Kranti Kr Ealla
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors and treatment needs of orphan children of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Ob ectives: (1) To identify the association between the frequency of snacking and caries among orphan schoolchildren, (2) To assess Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli (microbiological assessment) in saliva of orphan children, and (3) To formulate treatment needs for orphan children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among 253 children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-olds living in various orphanage houses of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987451/smoking-prevention-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-individualized-interventions
#4
REVIEW
Lindsay R Duncan, Erin S Pearson, Ralph Maddison
OBJECTIVE: This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine what type of cognitive-behavioral based interventions administered outside of formal school settings effectively prevent smoking initiation among children and adolescents. METHODS: Applying the PRISMA guidelines we searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, Pub Med, SCOPUS, and Sport Discus. Article review, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias were conducted by two independent reviewers...
September 21, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984068/dental-visiting-behaviours-among-primary-schoolchildren-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#5
C-Y Lee, C-C Ting, J-H Wu, K-T Lee, H-S Chen, Y-Y Chang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a new instrument based on the health belief model and to use the instrument to investigate the determinants of regular dental attendance among primary schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a newly developed measurement scale based on the HBM, 4 health-promoting schools participated in the study and 958 students studying in grades 4-6 completed the questionnaire. The psychometric properties of the instrument were analysed, and a path analysis model was used to identify the determinants of regular dental attendance...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958121/-implementation-of-evidence-based-prevention-programs-for-eating-disorders-prima-and-torera-in-daily-school-life
#6
Luise Adametz, Felicitas Richter, Julia Mühleck, Katharina Wick, Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Berger
Background Prevalence rates for eating disorders remained stable over the years despite the implementation of numerous prevention strategies. This may be due to discrepancies between research and practice and scientific findings are not fully applied to the care of risk groups. The school-based programs PriMa and Torera for primary prevention of eating disorders have been delivered in Thuringian schools since 2004. A current survey provides information on barriers and facilitators for a long-term implementation in the school routine...
September 28, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931438/global-collaborative-healthcare-assessing-the-resource-requirements-at-a-leading-academic-medical-center
#7
REVIEW
Nicole J Rosson, Heitham T Hassoun
INTRODUCTION: Academic Medical Centers ("AMCs") have served as a hub of the United States ("US") health system and represented the state-of-the art in American health care for well over a century. Currently, the global healthcare market is both massive and expanding and is being altered by the unprecedented impact of technological advances and globalization. This provides AMCs a platform to enter into trans-national collaborative partnerships with healthcare organizations around the world, thus providing a means to deliver on its promise globally while also expanding and diversifying its resources...
September 20, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928345/clinical-medical-education-in-rural-and-underserved-areas-and-eventual-practice-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Ryan William Raymond Guilbault, Joseph Alexander Vinson
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate medical students are enrolled in clinical education programs in rural and underserved urban areas to increase the likelihood that they will eventually practice in those areas and train in a primary care specialty to best serve those patient populations. METHODS: MEDLINE and Cochrane Library online databases were searched to identify articles that provide a detailed description of the exposure and outcome of interest. A qualitative review of articles reporting outcome data without comparison or control groups was completed using the Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI)...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924688/the-barrier-to-informed-choice-in-cancer-screening-statistical-illiteracy-in-physicians-and-patients
#9
Odette Wegwarth, Gerd Gigerenzer
An efficient health care requires both informed doctors and patients. Our current healthcare system falls short on both counts. Most doctors and patients do not understand the available medical evidence. To illustrate the extent of the problem in the setting of cancer screening: In a representative sample of some 5000 women in nine European countries, 92% overestimated the reduction of breast cancer mortality by mammography by a factor of 10-200, or did not know. For a similar sample of about 5000 men with respect to PSA screening, this number was 89%...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910996/think-adult-think-child-why-should-staff-caring-for-dying-adults-ask-what-the-death-means-for-children-in-the-family
#10
Sir Al Aynsley-Green
Introduction: Bereaved children and young people in the UK are 'hidden mourners'. Sources of data: Review of primary and secondary evidence on childhood bereavement. Area of agreement: Children experience grief that varies according to the circumstance of death and their cognitive ability. Voluntary organizations can be supportive, but provision is patchy and vulnerable to austerity. Areas of concern: Adult-centric denial of the importance and long-term consequences of childhood grief; uncertainty in how best to relate to bereaved children in faiths and in schools...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900674/who-is-willing-to-participate-in-low-risk-pragmatic-clinical-trials-without-consent
#11
Rafael Dal-Ré, Antonio J Carcas, Xavier Carné
PURPOSE: General notification offers a possible alternative to written informed consent for pragmatic randomized controlled trials (pRCTs). It involves patients being informed through brochures, posters, and letters that research is being conducted simultaneously to providing clinical care and that patients will be enrolled in pRCTs without study-specific consent. A previous survey found that a substantial minority of respondents endorsed general notification. We aimed to know who is willing to enroll in this type of trials using general notification rather than written consent...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871022/perceived-effects-of-the-economic-recession-on-population-mental-health-well-being-and-provision-of-care-by-primary-care-users-and-professionals-a-qualitative-study-protocol-in-portugal
#12
Ana Antunes, Diana Frasquilho, Graça Cardoso, Nádia Pereira, Manuela Silva, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, João Ferrão
INTRODUCTION: Economic recession periods can pose accentuated risks to population's mental health and well-being as well as additional threats to health systems. Users and health professionals are key stakeholders in care delivery; however, little attention has been given to their experiences of the crisis. This paper presents a qualitative study protocol to assess users' and health professionals' perceptions about the effects of the post-2008 economic recession on mental health and care delivery in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865649/evolving-a-more-nurturing-society-to-prevent-adverse-childhood-experiences
#13
Anthony Biglan, Mark J Van Ryzin, J David Hawkins
This article presents a framework for evolving a society that nurtures the health and well-being of its population. We review evidence that adverse social conditions, including poverty, conflict, discrimination, and other forms of social rejection, contribute immensely to our most ubiquitous psychological, behavioral, and health problems. We then enumerate the ways that effective family and school prevention programs could ameliorate much of the social adversity leading to these problems. The widespread and effective implementation of these programs-in primary care, social services, and education-must be a high priority...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864787/screening-for-diabetes-in-a-dental-school-clinic-to-assess-interprofessional-communication-between-physicians-and-dental-students
#14
Rick Ken Biethman, Cyril Pandarakalam, M Nathalia Garcia, Sara Whitener, Charles F Hildebolt
If a dental student diagnoses a patient in a dental school clinic as being at high risk of prediabetes or diabetes, the patient should be referred to his or her physician for further diagnostic evaluation, and the physician should send back the evaluation results so that the dental team can optimize treatment and health care choices if the diagnosis is confirmed. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate physicians' responses to written and oral requests for information regarding follow-up diabetes testing...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841845/sociodemographic-factors-and-pregnancy-outcomes-associated-with-prepregnancy-obesity-effect-modification-of-parity-in-the-nationwide-epifane-birth-cohort
#15
Julie Boudet-Berquier, Benoit Salanave, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Katia Castetbon
BACKGROUND: In light of the adverse outcomes for mothers and offspring related to maternal obesity, identification of subgroups of women at risk of prepregnancy obesity and its related-adverse issues is crucial for optimizing antenatal care. We aimed to identify sociodemographic factors and maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with prepregnancy obesity, and we tested the effect modification of parity on these associations. METHODS: In 2012, 3368 mothers who had delivered in 136 randomly selected maternity wards were included just after birth in the French birth cohort, Epifane...
August 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821523/effectiveness-of-a-pragmatic-school-based-universal-resilience-intervention-in-reducing-tobacco-alcohol-and-illicit-substance-use-in-a-population-of-adolescents-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Rebecca Kate Hodder, Megan Freund, Jenny Bowman, Luke Wolfenden, Elizabeth Campbell, Julia Dray, Christophe Lecathelinais, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVES: Initiation of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use typically occurs during adolescence, with the school setting recommended to reduce adolescent substance use. Strengthening individual (eg, problem solving) and environmental (eg, caring relationships at school) resilience protective factors of adolescents has been suggested as a strategy for reducing substance use by adolescents; however, few studies have examined this potential. A study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a pragmatic school-based universal 'resilience' intervention in reducing the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use, and increasing the individual and environmental protective factors of students...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818850/improved-pregnant-women-s-understanding-of-research-information-by-an-enhanced-informed-consent-form-a-randomised-controlled-study-nested-in-neonatal-research
#17
Nut Koonrungsesomboon, Chanchai Traivaree, Sangkae Chamnanvanakij, Pimchitr Rungtragoolchai, Yawana Thanapat, Juntra Karbwang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to test the applicability and effectiveness of the enhanced informed consent form (ICF) methodology, proposed by the Strategic Initiative for Developing Capacity in Ethical Review (SIDCER), in neonatal research requiring maternal consent. DESIGN: A single-centre open-label randomised controlled study. SETTING: Antenatal care clinics at Phramongkutklao Hospital, Thailand. PATIENTS: 234 pregnant women who were at risk of preterm labour were enrolled; 232 individuals completed the study...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801393/protocol-for-the-mwellcare-trial-a-multicentre-cluster-randomised-12-month-controlled-trial-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-mwellcare-an-mhealth-system-for-an-integrated-management-of-patients-with-hypertension-and-diabetes-versus-enhanced-usual-care-in-india
#18
Dilip Jha, Priti Gupta, Vamadevan S Ajay, Devraj Jindal, Pablo Perel, David Prieto-Merino, Pramod Jacob, Jonathan Nyong, Vidya Venugopal, Kavita Singh, Shifalika Goenka, Ambuj Roy, Nikhil Tandon, Vikram Patel, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
INTRODUCTION: Rising burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes is a major challenge to the health system in India. Innovative approaches such as mobile phone technology (mHealth) for electronic decision support in delivering evidence-based and integrated care for hypertension, diabetes and comorbid depression have potential to transform the primary healthcare system. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: mWellcare trial is a multicentre, cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a mHealth system and nurse managed care for people with hypertension and diabetes in rural India...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#19
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770974/back-schools-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#20
REVIEW
Patrícia Parreira, Martijn W Heymans, Maurits W van Tulder, Rosmin Esmail, Bart W Koes, Nolwenn Poquet, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Christopher G Maher
BACKGROUND: Many people with low back pain (LBP) become frequent users of healthcare services in their attempt to find treatments that minimise the severity of their symptoms. Back School consists of a therapeutic programme given to groups of people that includes both education and exercise. However, the content of Back School has changed over time and appears to vary widely today. This review is an update of a Cochrane review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of Back School...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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