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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#1
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168655/obesity-risk-awareness-in-women-with-endometrial-cancer
#2
Elizabeth V Connor, Christina A Raker, Melissa A Clark, Ashley R Stuckey
PURPOSE: To assess whether women with endometrial cancer could accurately classify their weight and identify the association between obesity and risk of endometrial, breast, and colon cancers. METHODS: This was an IRB-approved (Project No. 14-0075), survey-based cross-sectional study of women ages 18-80 years with a diagnosis of endometrial cancer. Patients were at least 6 months from hysterectomy and 3 months from chemotherapy or radiation. Statistical analysis was completed using Fisher's exact test, T test, ANOVA, Wilcoxon rank-sum test, or Kruskal-Wallis test...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125998/do-men-regret-prostate-biopsy-results-from-the-picture-study
#3
Catherine Coyle, Eileen Morgan, Frances J Drummond, Linda Sharp, Anna Gavin
BACKGROUND: Understanding men's experience of prostate biopsy is important as the procedure is common, invasive and carries potential risks. The psychological aspects of prostate biopsy have been somewhat neglected. The aim of this study was to explore the level of regret experienced by men after prostate biopsy and identify any associated factors. METHODS: Men attending four clinics in Republic of Ireland and two in Northern Ireland were given a questionnaire to explore their experience of prostate biopsy...
January 26, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123222/homelessness-unsheltered-status-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-findings-from-the-100%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-000-homes-campaign
#4
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Dorota Szymkowiak, Jessica Marcus, Paul Howard, Dennis P Culhane
OBJECTIVES: People who live in unsheltered situations, such as the streets, often have poorer health, less access to health care, and an increased risk of premature mortality as compared with their sheltered counterparts. The objectives of this study were to (1) compare the characteristics of people experiencing homelessness who were sleeping primarily in unsheltered situations with those who were accessing homeless shelters and other sheltered situations, (2) identify correlates of unsheltered status, and (3) assess the relationship between unsheltered status and increased risk of mortality...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110864/sexual-behavior-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya-a-comparison-of-institutional-and-family-based-care-settings
#5
Lonnie Embleton, Joram Nyandat, David Ayuku, Edwin Sang, Allan Kamanda, Samuel Ayaya, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Rachel Vreeman, Lukoye Atwoli, Omar Galarraga, Mary A Ott, Paula Braitstein
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation of orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a cohort of orphaned adolescents aged 10-18 years living in 300 randomly selected households and 19 charitable children's institutions. The primary outcomes were having ever had consensual sex, number of sex partners, transactional sex, and forced sex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110613/adrenomedullin-is-associated-with-surgical-trauma-and-impaired-renal-function-in-vascular-surgery-patients
#6
Hans-Jörg Gillmann, Antje Meinders, Jan Larmann, Bianca Sahlmann, Claudia Schrimpf, Thomas Aper, Ralf Lichtinghagen, Omke E Teebken, Gregor Theilmeier
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing vascular surgery are prone to perioperative organ injury because of both higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the extent of surgery. Early detection of organ failure is essential to facilitate appropriate medical care. Midregional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) has been investigated in acute medical care settings to guide clinical decision-making regarding patient pathways and to identify patients prone to imminent cardiovascular or inflammatory complications...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095706/translation-and-pilot-testing-of-a-measure-to-assess-hypertension-self-care-activities-among-hispanics
#7
Jan Warren-Findlow, Maren J Coffman, Celia A Karp
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics in the US have high rates of uncontrolled hypertension in comparison to non-Hispanic whites. This pilot study reports on the translation of a validated measure, the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects (H-SCALE), for use with Spanish speakers. The H-SCALE assesses Hispanics' adherence to lifestyle activities that contribute to primary and secondary risk reduction of high blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected from Hispanic primary care patients attending a free health clinic in Charlotte, NC...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077345/tips-and-traps-lessons-from-codesigning-a-clinician-e-monitoring-tool-for-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#8
Frederick Sundram, Susan J Hawken, Karolina Stasiak, Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Theresa Fleming, Matthew Shepherd, Andrea Greenwood, Raechel Osborne, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) is an acceptable and promising treatment modality for adolescents with mild-to-moderate depression. Many cCBT programs are standalone packages with no way for clinicians to monitor progress or outcomes. We sought to develop an electronic monitoring (e-monitoring) tool in consultation with clinicians and adolescents to allow clinicians to monitor mood, risk, and treatment adherence of adolescents completing a cCBT program called SPARX (Smart, Positive, Active, Realistic, X-factor thoughts)...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076542/-dental-decay-in-5-year-old-children-sociodemographic-factors-monitoring-points-and-parental-attitudes
#9
Vinícius Humberto Nunes, Gimol Benzaquen Perosa
Dental decay affects many children, especially those from the lower socioeconomic classes. In this cross-sectional study designed to investigate the role played by sociodemographic factors, parental attitudes, and monitoring points, which are an indicator of personal perception of what controls individual health, on the prevalence of tooth decay among 5-year-old pre-school children living in a midsized city in São Paulo, Brazil. The ceo-d index of 426 children was assessed; the parents reported sociodemographic characteristics and completed two questionnaires concerning monitoring points and parental attitudes...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057142/-hiv-transmission-in-newly-reported-hiv-infected-couples-before-diagnoses-in-five-provinces-china-2011-2014
#10
J Li, H L Tang, J Han, J Xu, Z Y Shen, W W Lai, Y H Shi, D Y Sun, M J Ni, Y R Mao
Objective: To understand the HIV transmission and associated factors in newly reported HIV infected couples before diagnosis. Methods: The information about newly reported HIV infected couples in Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Henan and Xinjiang provinces (autonomous region) were collected from National HIV/AIDS Information System from 2011 to 2014. The infection order of the sero-concordant couples were determined. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the HIV transmission between couples and identify the associated factors...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039870/outcomes-of-treated-hypertension-at-age-80-and-older-cohort-analysis-of-79-376-individuals
#11
João Delgado, Jane A H Masoli, Kirsty Bowman, W David Strain, George A Kuchel, Kate Walters, Louise Lafortune, Carol Brayne, David Melzer, Alessandro Ble
OBJECTIVES: To estimate outcomes according to attained blood pressure (BP) in the oldest adults treated for hypertension in routine family practice. DESIGN: Cohort analysis of primary care inpatient and death certificate data for individuals with hypertension. SETTING: Primary care practices in England (Clinical Practice Research Datalink). PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 80 and older taking antihypertensive medication and free of dementia, cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and end-stage renal failure at baseline...
December 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025716/factors-contributing-to-delays-in-diagnosis-of-breast-cancers-in-ghana-west-africa
#12
Louise Brinton, Jonine Figueroa, Ernest Adjei, Daniel Ansong, Richard Biritwum, Lawrence Edusei, Kofi M Nyarko, Seth Wiafe, Joel Yarney, Beatrice Wiafe Addai, Baffour Awuah, Joe Nat Clegg-Lamptey
BACKGROUND: Late diagnoses and poor prognoses of breast cancer are common throughout Africa. METHODS: To identify responsible factors, we utilized data from a population-based case-control study involving 1184 women with breast malignancies conducted in three hospitals in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. Interviews focused on potential breast cancer risk factors as well as factors that might contribute to presentation delays. We calculated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) comparing malignances with biopsy masses larger than 5 cm...
February 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011082/-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-review-of-the-current-guidelines
#13
E Saliba, T Debillon, S Auvin, O Baud, V Biran, J-L Chabernaud, S Chabrier, F Cneude, A-G Cordier, V Darmency-Stamboul, J-F Diependaele, T Debillon, M Dinomais, C Durand, A Ego, G Favrais, Y Gruel, L Hertz-Pannier, B Husson, S Marret, S N'Guyen The Tich, T Perez, E Saliba, J-B Valentin, C Vuillerot
Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) is a rare event that occurs in approximately one in 5000 term or close-to-term infants. Most affected infants will present with seizures. Although a well-recognized clinical entity, many questions remain regarding diagnosis, risk factors, treatment, and follow-up modalities. In the absence of a known pathophysiological mechanism and lack of evidence-based guidelines, only supportive care is currently provided. To address these issues, a French national committee set up by the French Neonatal Society (Société française de néonatologie) and the national referral center (Centre national de référence) for arterial ischemic stroke in children drew up guidelines based on an HAS (Haute Autorité de santé [HAS]; French national authority for health) methodology...
February 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998160/risk-factors-of-multiple-sclerosis-and-their-relation-with-disease-severity-a-cross-sectional-study-from-iran
#14
Maryam Abbasi, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Iman Ansari, Nikan Zerafatjou, Vahid Shayegannejad, Seyed Ehsan Mohammadianinejad, Mahdi Farhoudi, Abbas Noorian, Nazanin Razazian, Mahmoud Abedini, Fardin Faraji
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors have been investigated in multiple sclerosis (MS); however, few studies have focused on the association between risk factors and the disease severity. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between some of these risk factors and MS severity in a population sample of Iranian patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 660 patients with MS. In addition to demographic variables, many potential risk factors were recorded...
December 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968931/psoriasis-in-adults-and-children-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#15
Elle H de Moll, Mary Wu Chang, Bruce Strober
Pediatric psoriasis is a common skin disorder. Although pediatric psoriasis has many similarities to adult psoriasis, there are differences in presentation, particularly in infants. In addition, a more limited therapeutic armamentarium exists for children due to different inherent risks. Nearly all therapies are unapproved in the pediatric population, with far fewer pre- and postmarketing studies having been conducted. Despite these challenges, appropriate treatment should never be denied to a young patient, as physical and psychosocial ramifications of psoriasis in the school age child and adolescent are significant...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968881/a-smartphone-based-exercise-adherence-intervention-for-people-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#16
Janet Wh Sit, Sek-Ying Chair, Stanley Sc Hui, Kai-Chow Choi, Aileen Wk Chan, Eliza Ml Wong, Ho-Yu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Despite well-established benefits of exercise in the management of metabolic syndrome, evidence to support exercise adherence after program completion is lacking. We used a smartphone-based exercise adherence intervention (Virtual Trainer; Ex-VT) for adults with metabolic syndrome in Hong Kong, China. The objectives were to measure the feasibility, potential effectiveness, and implementation of Ex-VT in sustaining prescribed exercise practice for risk reduction in metabolic syndrome...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968876/persistent-effects-of-parental-migration-on-psychosocial-wellbeing-of-left-behind-children-in-two-chinese-provinces-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Leah Li, Xudong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Lengthy separation from migrant parents raises concerns for the wellbeing of 60 million left-behind children (LBC) in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the effect of current and previous parental migration on the psychosocial wellbeing of left-behind children, and the mitigating or exacerbating factors in family care and support. METHODS: Children were recruited from schools by random stratified sampling in rural Zhejiang and Guizhou provinces where out-migration was high...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968836/effects-of-a-peer-assisted-tai-chi-qigong-programme-on-social-isolation-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-chinese-hidden-elders-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Aileen W K Chan, Doris S F Yu, K C Choi, Helen Y L Chan, Eliza M L Wong
BACKGROUND: The term hidden elder is used in Chinese society to describe older adults who are socially isolated and refuse social participation. Substantial evidence has indicated the important role of social isolation in increasing psychiatric morbidity and mortality risks in later life. Innovative service is promptly needed to address the social and psychological health needs of hidden elders. We aimed to test the feasibility and the preliminary effectiveness of a peer-assisted tai-chi-qigong programme in strengthening social networks and enhancing psychosocial wellbeing of Chinese hidden elders...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932781/influenza-vaccination-coverage-during-pregnancy-selected-sites-united-states-2005-06-through-2013-14-influenza-vaccine-seasons
#19
Stephen Kerr, Carla M Van Bennekom, Allen A Mitchell
Seasonal influenza vaccine is recommended for all pregnant women because of their increased risk for influenza-associated complications. In addition, receipt of influenza vaccine by women during pregnancy has been shown to protect their infants for several months after birth (1). As part of its case-control surveillance study of medications and birth defects, the Birth Defects Study of the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University has recorded data on vaccinations received during pregnancy since the 2005-06 influenza vaccination season...
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931533/care-transition-interventions-for-children-with-asthma-in-the-emergency-department
#20
REVIEW
Molly A Martin, Valerie G Press, Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Jerry A Krishnan, Kim Erwin, Giselle Mosnaim, Helen Margellos-Anast, S Margaret Paik, Stacy Ignoffo, Michael McDermott
The emergency department (ED) is a critical point of identification and treatment for some of the most high-risk children with asthma. This review summarizes the evidence regarding care transition interventions originating in the ED for children with uncontrolled asthma, with a focus on care coordination and self-management education. Although many interventions on care transition for pediatric asthma have been tested, only a few were actually conducted in the ED setting. Most of these targeted both care coordination and self-management education but ultimately did not improve attendance at follow-up appointments with primary care providers, improve asthma control, or reduce health care utilization...
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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