Read by QxMD icon Read

primary care and school risk

Julie Ouellet-Pelletier, Chantal Guimont, Marie Gauthier, Jocelyn Gravel
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess adverse events associated with diagnostic urethral catheterization (UC) in young children and to determine their impact on the patient and their family. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary-care pediatric hospital. All 3- to 24-month-old children with fever who had a diagnostic UC were eligible. Parents who consented to participate were contacted by phone within 7 to 10 days after the UC to answer a standardized questionnaire inquiring about complications...
November 2016: CJEM
Karin Hammarberg, Rebecca Zosel, Caroline Comoy, Sarah Robertson, Carol Holden, Mandy Deeks, Louise Johnson
Some potentially modifiable factors adversely affect fertility and pregnancy health. To inform a fertility health promotion programme, this study investigated fertility knowledge and information-seeking behaviour among people of reproductive age. This was a qualitative study involving six focus group discussions with women and men who intended to have children in the future and eight paired interviews with couples who were actively trying to conceive. Participants (n = 74) themselves generally claimed 'low' to 'average' levels of knowledge about fertility...
October 25, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
John F Strang, Haley Meagher, Lauren Kenworthy, Annelou L C de Vries, Edgardo Menvielle, Scott Leibowitz, Aron Janssen, Peggy Cohen-Kettenis, Daniel E Shumer, Laura Edwards-Leeper, Richard R Pleak, Norman Spack, Dan H Karasic, Herbert Schreier, Anouk Balleur, Amy Tishelman, Diane Ehrensaft, Leslie Rodnan, Emily S Kuschner, Francie Mandel, Antonia Caretto, Hal C Lewis, Laura G Anthony
Evidence indicates an overrepresentation of youth with co-occurring autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and gender dysphoria (GD). The clinical assessment and treatment of adolescents with this co-occurrence is often complex, related to the developmental aspects of ASD. There are no guidelines for clinical care when ASD and GD co-occur; however, there are clinicians and researchers experienced in this co-occurrence. This study develops initial clinical consensus guidelines for the assessment and care of adolescents with co-occurring ASD and GD, from the best clinical practices of current experts in the field...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Saint Clair Gomes Junior, Ruth Guinsburg, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Silvana Granado Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Approximately 5-10 % of newborns require some form of resuscitationupon delivery; several factors, such as maternal abnormal conditions, gestational age and type of delivery could be responsible for this trend. This study aimed to describe the factors associated with the need for positive pressure ventilation (PPV) via a mask or endotracheal tube and the use of supplemental O2 in newborns with a gestational age greater than 34 weeks in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study and obtained data from the Birth in Brazil Survey...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
Denise Dion Hallfors, Bonita J Iritani, Lei Zhang, Shane Hartman, Winnie K Luseno, Elias Mpofu, Simbarashe Rusakaniko
This study examines the association between religious affiliation and reasons for marriage, perceived church attitudes, and reproductive health-seeking behaviors, including HIV testing, among young women in eastern rural Zimbabwe. The sample comprised women (N = 35) who had married by 2012 while participating in a larger randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the effects of school support on HIV-related risk. The RCT sample was identified in 2007 as all female sixth graders in 25 rural eastern Zimbabwe primary schools whose parents, one or both, had died (N = 328)...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Anne Vuadens, Simone Ackermann, Fabio Levi, Jean-Luc Bulliard
Switzerland, particularly its western region, has the highest incidence of melanoma in Europe. Although the risk of melanoma increases with sun overexposure during childhood, sun-related knowledge and attitudes of Swiss children are scarcely documented. We report the first investigation of the knowledge of the danger of ultraviolet radiation, attitudes towards a suntan and parental influence of schoolchildren in western Switzerland. All fifth, eighth and eleventh graders (average ages of 9, 12 and 15, respectively) in the 18 primary (fifth grade, n=431) and secondary (eighth and eleventh grades, n=837) public schools of La Chaux-de-Fonds were surveyed during regular school classes...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
Manijeh Nourian, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Kian Nourozi Tabrizi, Maryam Rassouli, Akbar Biglarrian
BACKGROUND: Resilience is a quality that affects an individual's ability to cope with tension. The present study was conducted to determine resilience and its contributing factors in high-risk adolescents living in residential care facilities affiliated to Tehran Welfare Organization in order to help develop effective preventive measures for them. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted on 223 adolescents living in 15 different governmental residential care centers in 2014...
October 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Elisabeth F Beaber, Anna N A Tosteson, Jennifer S Haas, Tracy Onega, Brian L Sprague, Donald L Weaver, Anne Marie McCarthy, Chyke A Doubeni, Virginia P Quinn, Celette Sugg Skinner, Ann G Zauber, William E Barlow
PURPOSE: Although United States clinical guidelines differ, the earliest recommended age for average risk breast cancer screening is 40 years. Little is known about factors influencing screening initiation. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study within the National Cancer Institute-funded Population-based Research Optimizing Screening through Personalized Regimens (PROSPR) consortium. We identified 3413 women on their 40th birthday in primary care networks at Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth (DH) and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) during 2011-2013 with no prior breast imaging or breast cancer...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Alexandra Martin-Onraët, Patricia Volkow-Fernández, Victoria Alvarez-Wyssmann, Andrea González-Rodríguez, Jesús Casillas-Rodríguez, Lesvia Rivera-Abarca, Indiana Torres-Escobar, Juan Sierra-Madero
Late diagnosis of HIV remains a public health issue in Mexico. Most national programs target high-risk groups, not including women. More data on factors associated with late diagnosis and access to care in women are needed. In 2012-2013, Mexican women recently diagnosed with HIV were interviewed. Socio-cultural background, household-dynamics and clinical data were collected. Of 301 women, 49 % had <200 CD4 cells/mm(3), 8 % were illiterate, 31 % had only primary school. Physical/sexual violence was reported by 47/30 %; 75 % acquired HIV from their stable partners...
September 20, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Gillian C Hall, Robert Mr Tulloh, Louise E Tulloh
PURPOSE: To provide expected incidence rates of Kawasaki disease after vaccination in routine clinical practice and as recommended within a pre-school National Immunisation Programme (NIP). METHODS: A post-immunisation risk period when Kawasaki disease onset might be associated with vaccination was defined as 28 days. Immunisation records for children under 6 years were identified from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database of electronic UK primary health care records (2008-2012) and linked to previously validated cases of Kawasaki disease with an assigned date of onset...
September 21, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Tammy D Barry, Raymond A Sturner, Karen Seymour, Barbara H Howard, Lucy McGoron, Paul Bergmann, Ronald Kent, Casey Sullivan, Theodore S Tomeny, Jessica S Pierce, Kristen L Coin, James K Goodlad, Nichole Werle
This report describes a school-based screening project to improve early identification of children at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and communicate these concerns to parents, recommending that they contact their child's primary care provider (PCP). Of 17,440 eligible children in first through fifth grades in five school districts, 47.0% of parents provided required written consent, and teachers completed 70.4% of the online screeners (using the Vanderbilt AD/HD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale)...
2016: Children's Health Care: Journal of the Association for the Care of Children's Health
L Baux-Cazal, E Gokalsing, S Amadeo, A Messiah
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to review international literature on suicidal behavior prevention for children under age 13. METHODS: We gathered all relevant articles on suicide prevention for children under 13. We researched all publications in the French and English languages in PubMed (MEDLINE), PsychINFO and SUDOC databases published until February 2014, with the keywords "child", "child preschool", "prevention and control", "suicide", and "suicide attempted"...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
Tamsen J Rochat, Joanie Mitchell, Alan Stein, Ntombizodumo Brilliant Mkwanazi, Ruth M Bland
Advances in access to HIV prevention and treatment have reduced vertical transmission of HIV, with most children born to HIV-infected parents being HIV-uninfected themselves. A major challenge that HIV-infected parents face is disclosure of their HIV status to their predominantly HIV-uninfected children. Their children enter middle childhood and early adolescence facing many challenges associated with parental illness and hospitalization, often exacerbated by stigma and a lack of access to health education and support...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Denise Turner, Simone Lee Harrison, Nicole Bates
Skin cancer is the most common cancer in humans and Australia (particularly in Queensland) has the highest incidence globally. Sunlight is a known skin carcinogen and reflects off water, exacerbating the risk of sunburn. In 1988, the "SunSmart Program" was developed to promote sun-protection to Australian children. Within a decade, it evolved to include a voluntary national accreditation program for schools, known as the SunSmart Schools (SSS) Program. Additionally, in 2008, it became compulsory for primary schoolchildren attending Queensland government-funded schools to wear a shirt during all water-based activities, except when competing...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
(no author information available yet)
School readiness includes not only the early academic skills of children but also their physical health, language skills, social and emotional development, motivation to learn, creativity, and general knowledge. Families and communities play a critical role in ensuring children's growth in all of these areas and thus their readiness for school. Schools must be prepared to teach all children when they reach the age of school entry, regardless of their degree of readiness. Research on early brain development emphasizes the effects of early experiences, relationships, and emotions on creating and reinforcing the neural connections that are the basis for learning...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Uchechukwu C Megwalu, Jennifer Y Lee
OBJECTIVE: To assess health literacy in an adult tertiary care otolaryngology clinic population and to explore potential determinants of inadequate health literacy. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care otolaryngology clinic. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population included all adult patients treated at 3 of Stanford University's adult otolaryngology clinic sites between March 1 and 11, 2016...
August 23, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Carmen R Roberts, Joanie E Wofford, Haley M Hoy, Mitchell N Faddis
INTRODUCTION: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are known to be associated with significant cardiac-specific mortality. Clinical observations suggest that PTSD is frequently undetected in ICD recipients followed up at electrophysiology (EP) outpatient clinics. Early recognition of PTSD is important to reduce the risk of serious manifestations on patient outcomes. METHODS: All ICD recipients aged 19 years or older at the Washington University School of Medicine (WASHU) EP clinic, a large urban EP clinic, were invited to participate in the project...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
Silvia Costa, Jean Adams, Veronica Phillips, Sara E Benjamin Neelon
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of obesity, particularly in childhood, is a global public health emergency. There is some evidence that exposure to non-parental childcare before age 6 years is associated with subsequent development of obesity and obesity-related behaviours such as physical activity, sedentary behaviour, sleep, diet and stress, although these findings are inconsistent. It is possible that the relationship between early childcare and later obesity and obesity-related behaviours depends on characteristics of childcare exposure such as type (i...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Kénora Chau, Jean-Charles Vauthier, Bernard Kabuth
Families have greatly changed over time and little is known about primary care access barriers for adolescents associated with family type. We assessed family disparities in lack of listening and treatment explanations (LLTE) by general practitioners (GP), lack of treatment adherence (LTA) and GP change and the confounding roles of socioeconomic factors, school, behaviour and health difficulties among 1559 middle-school-aged (9.9-18.8 years old) adolescents who completed a questionnaire on sex, age, socioeconomic characteristics (family structure, nationality, parents' occupation, education and income), school performance, substance use, physical health, psychological health, social relationships, living environment, LLTE by GPs, LTA and GP change...
August 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Kirsty Bowman, João Delgado, William E Henley, Jane A Masoli, Katarina Kos, Carol Brayne, Praveen Thokala, Louise Lafortune, George A Kuchel, Alessandro Ble, David Melzer
BACKGROUND: Moderate obesity in later life may improve survival, prompting calls to revise obesity control policies. However, this obesity paradox may be due to confounding from smoking, diseases causing weight-loss, plus varying follow-up periods. We aimed to estimate body mass index (BMI) associations with mortality, incident type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease in older people with and without the above confounders. METHODS: Cohort analysis in Clinical Practice Research Datalink primary care, hospital and death certificate electronic medical records in England for ages 60 to more than 85 years...
August 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"