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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331311/prediction-of-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-the-new-global-initiative-for-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-2017-classification-a-cohort-study
#1
Anne Gedebjerg, Szimonetta Komjáthiné Szépligeti, Laura-Maria Holm Wackerhausen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Ronald Dahl, Jens Georg Hansen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Mette Nørgaard, Peter Lange, Reimar Wernich Thomsen
BACKGROUND: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2017 classification separates the spirometric 1-4 staging from the ABCD groups defined by symptoms and exacerbations. Little is known about how this new classification predicts mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to establish the predictive ability of the GOLD 2017 classification, compared with earlier classifications, for all-cause and respiratory mortality, both when using its main ABCD groups and when further subdividing according to spirometric 1-4 staging...
January 10, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329234/poor-people-are-hospitalized-three-times-more-for-mental-health-services-than-the-non-poor-in-central-valley-california
#2
Gyanesh Lama, Emmanuel Alcala, John A Capitman
Introduction: Providing health insurance to the poor has become a standard policy response to health disparities between the poor and the non-poor. It is often assumed that if the poor people are given health insurance, they will use preventative care, which will prevent more expensive emergency visits and inpatient hospitalization, and in turn, it will save healthcare cost in the long run. This paper presents the findings from our study in California about what happens to the poor when they are given health insurance...
January 12, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318691/trends-in-alcohol-related-mortality-in-east-and-west-germany-1980-to-2014-age-period-and-cohort-variations
#3
Daniela Piontek, Ludwig Kraus
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several indicators suggest that the extent and trends of alcohol-related mortality differ between East and West Germany. Regional drinking patterns and differences in health care systems are assumed to affect the risk of dying from an alcohol-induced disease. The study addresses two questions: (1) What are the unbiased and independent age, period, and cohort effects on alcohol-related mortality trends in Germany? (2) Do these trends differ between East and West Germany? METHODS: Data on alcohol-related mortality for East and West Germany came from the national causes of deaths register for the years 1980 to 2014...
January 10, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314817/icd-10-coding-for-accidents-without-injury
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Family Practice Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314248/calcium-and-vitamin-d-supplementation-are-not-associated-with-risk-of-incident-ischaemic-cardiac-events-or-death-findings-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort
#5
Nicholas C Harvey, Stefania D'Angelo, Julien Paccou, Elizabeth M Curtis, Mark Edwards, Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Karen Walker-Bone, Steffen E Petersen, Cyrus Cooper
We investigated associations between calcium/vitamin D supplementation and incident cardiovascular events/deaths in a UK population-based cohort. UK Biobank is a large prospective cohort comprising 502,637 men and women aged 40-69 years at recruitment. Supplementation with calcium/vitamin D was self-reported, and information on incident hospital admission (ICD-10) for ischaemic heart disease (IHD), myocardial infarction (MI) any cardiovascular event, and subsequent death, was obtained from linkage to national registers...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313057/regional-differences-in-thrombectomy-rates-secondary-use-of-billing-codes-in-the-miracum-medical-informatics-for-research-and-care-in-university-medicine-consortium
#6
Christian Haverkamp, Thomas Ganslandt, Petar Horki, Martin Boeker, Arnd Dörfler, Stefan Schwab, Joachim Berkefeld, Waltraud Pfeilschifter, Wolf-Dirk Niesen, Karl Egger, Manfred Kaps, Marc A Brockmann, Eva Neumaier-Probst, Kristina Szabo, Martin Skalej, Siegfried Bien, Christoph Best, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Horst Urbach
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mechanical thrombectomy, in addition to intravenous (i.v.) thrombolysis is recommended for treatment of acute stroke in patients with large vessel occlusions (LVO) in the anterior circulation up to 6 h after symptom onset. We compared thrombectomy rates of eight university hospitals of the MIRACUM consortium to analyze the implementation of this guideline in clinical routine. METHODS: Anonymized billing data in a standardized format were loaded into a local i2b2 data warehouse by applying already existing extract, transform and load (ETL) routines...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299680/validation-study-of-the-early-onset-schizophrenia-diagnosis-in-the-danish-psychiatric-central-research-register
#7
Ditte Lammers Vernal, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm, Nina Staal, Anne Marie Raabjerg Christensen, Christine Ebbesen, Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Christoph U Correll, René Ernst Nielsen, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen
The objective of this study is to assess (1) the concordance and validity of schizophrenia register diagnoses among children and adolescents (early onset schizophrenia = EOS) in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register (DPCRR), and (2) the validity of clinical record schizophrenia diagnoses. Psychiatric records from 200 patients with a first-time diagnosis of schizophrenia (F20.x) at age < 18 years between 1994 and 2009 in the DPCRR were rated by experienced clinicians according to ICD-10 criteria, using a predefined checklist...
January 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297856/silicosis-mortality-in-italy-temporal-trends-1990-2012-and-spatial-patterns-2000-2012
#8
Giada Minelli, Amerigo Zona, Fulvio Cavariani, Pietro Comba, Roberto Pasetto
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this contribution is to describe, for the first time, occurrence, temporal trends and spatial patterns of mortality from silicosis in Italy in recent decades. METHODS: Mortality data on pneumoconiosis due to silica or silicates (ICD-9 code 502, ICD-10 code J62) were extracted from the Italian National Mortality Database. Temporal trends were analysed in the period 1990-2012; standardized rates per 100 000, spatial distribution, including cluster analysis, were computed for eleven years, i...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297782/hypnosis-and-psychoanalysis-toward-undoing-freud-s-primal-category-mistake
#9
John A O'Neil
Hypnosis predates psychoanalysis, when autohypnotic pathologies were identified through the lens of hypnosis, and labeled "hypnoid hysteria" in the language of the day. The broad spectrum of disorders then subsumed under that term is still reflected in ICD-10's subset, "F44-Dissociative (Conversion) Disorders." Freud initially embraced both hypnoid hysteria and hypnosis, but came to abandon hypnosis and, by extension, hypnoid hysteria as well. Since that fateful decision, which I term herein Freud's "Inaugural Category Mistake," references to both hypnosis and hypnoid pathology largely vanished from the psychoanalytic mainstream, thereby neglecting conditions afflicting a significant portion of the mentally ill, and needlessly restricting the therapeutic repertoire of psychoanalysis...
January 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295773/a-comprehensive-approach-to-convert-a-radiology-department-from-coding-based-on-international-classification-of-diseases-ninth-revision-to-coding-based-on-international-classification-of-diseases-tenth-revision
#10
Morgan P McBee, Tal Laor, Rebecca M Pryor, Rachel Smith, Judy Hardin, Lisa Ulland, Sally May, Bin Zhang, Alexander J Towbin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to adapt our radiology reports to provide the documentation required for specific International Classification of Diseases, tenth rev (ICD-10) diagnosis coding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Baseline data were analyzed to identify the reports with the greatest number of unspecified ICD-10 codes assigned by computer-assisted coding software. A two-part quality improvement initiative was subsequently implemented. The first component involved improving clinical histories by utilizing technologists to obtain information directly from the patients or caregivers, which was then imported into the radiologist's report within the speech recognition software...
December 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289619/high-annual-hospital-volume-is-associated-with-decreased-in-hospital-mortality-and-complication-rates-following-treatment-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-nationwide-german-drg-statistics-from-2005-to-2013
#11
Matthias Trenner, Andreas Kuehnl, Michael Salvermoser, Benedikt Reutersberg, Sarah Geisbuesch, Volker Schmid, Hans-Henning Eckstein
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the association between annual hospital procedural volume and post-operative outcomes following repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in Germany. METHODS: Data were extracted from nationwide Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) statistics provided by the German Federal Statistical Office. Cases with a diagnosis of AAA (ICD-10 GM I71.3, I71.4) and procedure codes for endovascular aortic repair (EVAR; OPS 5-38a.1*) or open aortic repair (OAR; OPS 5-38...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288881/a-novel-screening-method-to-identify-late-stage-dementia-patients-for-palliative-care-research-and-practice
#12
Natalie C Ernecoff, Kathryn L Wessell, Stacey Gabriel, Timothy S Carey, Laura C Hanson
CONTEXT: Investigators need novel methods for timely identification of patients with serious illness to test or implement new palliative care models. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to develop an electronic health record (EHR) phenotype to identify patients with late-stage dementia for a clinical trial of palliative care consultation. METHODS: We developed a computerized method to identify patients with dementia on hospital admission. Within a data warehouse derived from the hospital's EHR, we used search terms of age, admission date, and ICD-9 and ICD-10 diagnosis codes to create a EHR dementia phenotype, followed by brief medical record review to confirm late-stage dementia...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288739/mapping-the-residual-incidence-of-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-colombia-2009-2013-using-geographical-information-systems-implications-in-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#13
Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, María Camila Yepes-Echeverri, Wilmer F Acevedo-Mendoza, Hamilton A Marín-Rincón, Carlos Culquichicón, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Ana Flisser
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, taeniasis and cysticercosis have been significantly reduced over the past decades, however still reported with implications for public health and travel medicine. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study, in which the incidence of taeniasis and cysticercosis (ICD-10 codes B68s/B69s) in Colombia, 2009-2013, was estimated based on data extracted from the Individual Health Records System (Registro Individual de Prestación de Servicios, RIPS) was performed...
December 27, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288015/title-trends-in-co-morbidities-and-survival-for-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-swedish-cohort-study
#14
Patrik Hjalmarsson, Mahta Memar, Sammy-Jo Geara, Mathilde Bouzereau, Anna Allberg, Abdelaziz Elgadi, Eva Piscator, Therese Djärv
OBJECTIVES: Co-morbidities affect survival after in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCA). The risk population for IHCA, i.e. the hospitalised patients, have a doubled increase in co-morbidities over time. A similar increase in co-morbidities among IHCAs might explain the relatively poor survival ratios despite improved care. AIM: To assess changes in the burden of baseline age-adjusted Charlson co-morbidity index (ACCI) scores among IHCAs as well as to assess its impact on survival in three time periods...
December 26, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284813/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-clinically-stable-people-living-with-hiv-aids-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#15
Sharanabasappa Algoodkar, Ajithkumar Kidangazhiathmana, P P Rejani, K S Shaji
Background: Individuals with HIV/AIDS are prone for psychiatric/psychological morbidities. Many studies have reported significantly higher prevalence of depression in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA's) when compared to general population. However, there are only very few studies looking at the prevalence of depression in patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Objectives: To estimate the prevalance and factors associated with depression among clinically stable PLWHAs...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284810/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-clozapine-versus-quetiapine-in-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia
#16
Mitesh Kumar, B S Chavan, Ajeet Sidana, Subhash Das
Objectives: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of clozapine and quetiapine in patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). Patients and Methods: In this prospective, randomized, open label study of 14 weeks, 53 patients with schizophrenia diagnosed as per ICD-10 and fulfilling the modified version of Conley and Kelly's criteria of TRS were randomly assigned to receive clozapine or quetiapine as per a computer-generated random table. After 2-weeks of dose-titration phase, doses were fixed at minimum therapeutic dose and subsequently adjusted according to the clinical improvement...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284443/readiness-to-change-and-therapy-outcomes-of-an-innovative-psychotherapy-program-for-surgical-patients-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Henning Krampe, Anna-Lena Salz, Léonie F Kerper, Alexander Krannich, Tatjana Schnell, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Claudia D Spies
BACKGROUND: Readiness to change is a pivotal construct for psychotherapy research and a major target of motivational interventions. Our primary objective was to examine whether pre-treatment readiness to change moderated therapy effects of Bridging Intervention in Anesthesiology (BRIA), an innovative psychotherapy approach for surgical patients. This stepped care program aims at motivating and supporting surgical patients with mental disorders to engage in psychosocial mental health care...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284436/health-care-use-drug-treatment-and-comorbidity-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-or-non-affective-psychosis-in-sweden-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Erica M Brostedt, Mussie Msghina, Marie Persson, Björn Wettermark
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence of schizophrenia (ICD-10 F 20) and of other non-affective psychosis (NAP, ICD-10 F 21 - F 29) in Sweden. It further assessed health care use, comorbidity and medication for these patient groups. Most studies either have a study population of patients with strictly defined schizophrenia or a psychosis population of which strict schizophrenia cases form a smaller set. The present study permits comparison of the two mutually exclusive patient groups using data at the individual level in the diagnosis of non-affective psychosis, use of health care, medical treatment and comorbidity by diagnosis or medical treatment...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284379/sociodemographic-information-aversive-and-traumatic-events-offence-related-characteristics-and-mental-health-of-delinquent-women-in-forensic-psychiatric-care-in-switzerland
#19
Sandy Krammer, Hedwig Eisenbarth, Carole Fallegger, Michael Liebrenz, Dorothee Klecha
The present study describes a much understudied group-namely, female prisoners under forensic-psychiatric care in the German-speaking part of Switzerland-to improve understanding of their risks and their needs. Data were derived from internal databases of a Forensic-Psychiatric Service. Data were collected in the form of their sociodemographic characteristics, prevalence of aversive and traumatic events, type of offence committed, and mental health conditions. Based on a full-sample approach, a total of 1,571 files were analysed...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283473/international-statistical-classification-of-diseases-and-related-health-problems-coding-underestimates-the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-general-medical-patients
#20
Soe Ko, Sudharsan Venkatesan, Kushma Nand, Vicki Levidiotis, Craig Nelson, Edward Janus
BACKGROUND: The International classification of diseases (ICD) code is frequently used to identify renal impairment in epidemiologic research. However, Australian studies examining accuracy of this administrative data in coding kidney injury are lacking. AIMS: To compare the ICD 10 coding with the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria in diagnosing Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) and/or Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: A retrospective study of 325 patients admitted to General Medicine during January 2012 was performed...
December 28, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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