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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148546/-chronic-kidney-disease-the-relevant-information-for-an-occupational-physician
#1
REVIEW
Marcin Renke, Jacek Parszuto, Marcin Rybacki, Wojciech Wołyniec, Przemysław Rutkowski, Bolesław Rutkowski, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
For a number of years chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been listed in the group of lifestyle diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension. It is estimated that in Poland more than 4 million people may suffer from various stages of CKD. Chronic kidney disease may also be a consequence of all the other civilization diseases. At the same time it is worth noting that nephrological problems are increasingly being taken into account in modern medical certification. The aim of this work is, among other things, to improve safe access to the labor for patients with kidney diseases...
November 8, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#2
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145545/treatment-of-alcohol-induced-psychotic-disorder-alcoholic-hallucinosis-a-systematic-review
#3
Barkat Masood, Peter Lepping, Dmitry Romanov, Rob Poole
Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of evidence based treatments for alcohol-induced psychotic disorder (AIPD) as described by ICD-10 and DSM-5, a condition that is distinct from schizophrenia and has a close relationship with alcohol withdrawal states. Method: Systematic review using PRISMA guidelines. Results: Of 6205 abstracts found, fifteen studies and ten case reports met criteria and were examined. Larger studies examined the use of first-generation antipsychotic drugs, reporting full or partial remission in most patients...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143118/-chronic-pain-disorder-with-somatic-and-psychological-factors-f45-41-validation-criteria-on-operationalization-of-the-icd-10-gm-diagnosis
#4
REVIEW
B Arnold, J Lutz, P Nilges, M Pfingsten, Winfried Rief, A Böger, T Brinkschmidt, H-R Casser, D Irnich, U Kaiser, K Klimczyk, R Sabatowski, M Schiltenwolf, W Söllner
In 2009 the diagnosis chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41) was integrated into the German version of the International Classification of Diseases, version 10 (ICD-10-GM). In 2010 Paul Nilges and Winfried Rief published operationalization criteria for this diagnosis. In the present publication the ad hoc commission on multimodal interdisciplinary pain therapy of the German Pain Society now presents a formula for a clear validation of these operationalization criteria of the ICD code F45...
November 15, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141491/association-of-psychosis-affective-disorders-and-diseases-affecting-the-immune-system
#5
Jeanette Brun Larsen, Valentina Cabral Iversen, Solveig Klæbo Reitan
Purpose of the article: There are indications of altered immune activity in depressed and psychotic patients compared to healthy controls in several studies. To explore the clinical importance of this phenomenon we examined the relation between different disorders affecting the immune system and psychoses and depression, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 276 patients consecutively admitted to a psychiatric acute ward were included in the study. Of these 41 patients fulfilled the criteria for ICD-10 F20-29 (psychotic) diagnosis and 157 patients a F30-39 (affective) diagnosis...
November 16, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141483/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-as-a-marker-of-cerebral-infarction-in-hemodialysis-patients
#6
Liyi Mo, Yuanhan Chen, Zhilian Li, Lixia Xu, Wei Dong, Li Zhang, Huaban Liang, Ruizhao Li, Yiming Tao, Wei Shi, Xinling Liang
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a cardiovascular biomarker. We evaluated the association between RDW and cerebral stroke risk in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A cohort of 442 adult patients on hemodialysis was studied. Strokes were defined according to ICD-10 diagnosis codes. Routine complete blood counts, evaluated every 3-6 months, were used for RDW values. RESULTS: Among 442 hemodialysis patients, during the 50-month follow-up, there were 62 cases (14...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141255/is-venlafaxine-more-effective-than-escitalopram-and-nortriptyline-in-the-management-of-painful-symptoms-in-patients-with-major-depression
#7
Jan Jaracz, Karolina Gattner, Krystyna Jaracz, Krystyna Górna, Jerzy Moczko, Joanna Hauser
Background Conflicting data regarding the efficacy of antidepressants of different mechanism of action on unexplained painful physical symptoms (UPPS) in depression have been published so far. Objective The aim of this study was to compare the impact of escitalopram (ESC), nortriptyline (NOR), and venlafaxine (VEN) on UPPS in patients with major depression. Materials and methods Sixty patients, participants in the GENDEP study, with a diagnosis of depression according to the ICD-10 criteria were randomly assigned to treatment with ESC (10-30 mg, mean dose 15...
November 15, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141084/association-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-objective-indicators-of-educational-attainment-a-nationwide-register-based-sibling-control-study
#8
Ana Pérez-Vigil, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Gustaf Brander, Kayoko Isomura, Andreas Jangmo, Inna Feldman, Eva Hesselmark, Eva Serlachius, Luisa Lázaro, Christian Rück, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Brian M D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, David Mataix-Cols
Importance: To our knowledge, the association of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and academic performance has not been objectively quantified. Objective: To investigate the association of OCD with objectively measured educational outcomes in a nationwide cohort, adjusting for covariates and unmeasured factors shared between siblings. Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based birth cohort study included 2 115 554 individuals who were born in Sweden between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 1998, and followed up through December 31, 2013...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140520/therapeutic-target-database-update-2018-enriched-resource-for-facilitating-bench-to-clinic-research-of-targeted-therapeutics
#9
Ying Hong Li, Chun Yan Yu, Xiao Xu Li, Peng Zhang, Jing Tang, Qingxia Yang, Tingting Fu, Xiaoyu Zhang, Xuejiao Cui, Gao Tu, Yang Zhang, Shuang Li, Fengyuan Yang, Qiu Sun, Chu Qin, Xian Zeng, Zhe Chen, Yu Zong Chen, Feng Zhu
Extensive efforts have been directed at the discovery, investigation and clinical monitoring of targeted therapeutics. These efforts may be facilitated by the convenient access of the genetic, proteomic, interactive and other aspects of the therapeutic targets. Here, we describe an update of the Therapeutic target database (TTD) previously featured in NAR. This update includes: (i) 2000 drug resistance mutations in 83 targets and 104 target/drug regulatory genes, which are resistant to 228 drugs targeting 63 diseases (49 targets of 61 drugs with patient prevalence data); (ii) differential expression profiles of 758 targets in the disease-relevant drug-targeted tissue of 12 615 patients of 70 diseases; (iii) expression profiles of 629 targets in the non-targeted tissues of 2565 healthy individuals; (iv) 1008 target combinations of 1764 drugs and the 1604 target combination of 664 multi-target drugs; (v) additional 48 successful, 398 clinical trial and 21 research targets, 473 approved, 812 clinical trial and 1120 experimental drugs, and (vi) ICD-10-CM and ICD-9-CM codes for additional 482 targets and 262 drugs against 98 disease conditions...
November 13, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138207/impact-of-improved-insulation-and-heating-on-mortality-risk-of-older-cohort-members-with-prior-cardiovascular-or-respiratory-hospitalisations
#10
Nicholas Preval, Michael Keall, Lucy Telfar-Barnard, Arthur Grimes, Philippa Howden-Chapman
OBJECTIVES: We carried out an evaluation of a large-scale New Zealand retrofit programme using administrative data that provided the statistical power to assess the effect of insulation and/or heating retrofits on cardiovascular and respiratory-related mortality in people aged 65 and over with prior respiratory or circulatory hospitalisations. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental cohort study based on administrative data. SETTING: New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: From a larger study cohort of over 900 000 people, we selected two subcohorts: 3287 people who were aged 65 and over and had experienced pretreatment period cardiovascular-related hospitalisation (ICD-10 chapter 9), and 1561 people aged 65 and over who had experienced pretreatment respiratory-related hospitalisation (ICD-10 chapter 10)...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136751/-analysis-on-probability-of-premature-death-and-cause-eliminated-life-expectancy-of-major-non-communicable-diseases-in-chongqing-municipality-2016
#11
X B Ding, W W Tang, D Q Mao, Y Jiao, Z Z Shen
Objective: To analyze the premature death probability and cause-eliminated life expectancy of cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes in Chongqing residents in 2016 so as to provide recommendation for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) prevention and control in Chongqing. Methods: Death cases of Chongqing Municipality between January 1(st) and December 31(st), 2016 were reported through death case registry system of national center for disease prevention and control. Death cases were sorted by international classification of disease (ICD-10)...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136628/incidence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-germany-a-cohort-study-applying-different-case-definitions-based-on-claims-data
#12
Niklas Schmedt, Laura Khil, Klaus Berger, Oliver Riedel
BACKGROUND: Data on the incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) on the national level is scarce. We aimed to estimate the incidence of MS in Germany and to compare different MS case definitions based on claims data. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study with the German Pharmacoepidemiological Research Database in 2012 and calculated age- and gender-standardized incidence rates (sIRs) for 3 case definitions. In addition, the effect of stepwise reduction of the look-back period without MS diagnosis on the incidence rate was evaluated...
November 14, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136154/the-number-of-oocytes-retrieved-during-ivf-a-balance-between-efficacy-and-safety
#13
Åsa Magnusson, Karin Källen, Ann Thurin-Kjellberg, Christina Bergh
STUDY QUESTION: What is the relationship between the number of oocytes collected in fresh IVF treatments and the likelihood of cumulative delivery rate (fresh and frozen) per oocyte aspiration, severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and thromboembolic events? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cumulative delivery rate per aspiration increases up to 20 oocytes retrieved and then evens out while the incidence of severe OHSS increases more rapidly from around 18 oocytes and thromboembolic events, although rare, occurs in particular if 15 or more oocytes are retrieved...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135986/splenomegaly-diagnostic-validity-work-up-and-underlying-causes
#14
Emelie Curovic Rotbain, Dennis Lund Hansen, Ove Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Flemming Wibrand, Allan Meldgaard Lund, Henrik Frederiksen
PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess the validity of the ICD-10 code for splenomegaly in the Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP), as well as to investigate which underlying diseases explained the observed splenomegaly. BACKGROUND: Splenomegaly is a common finding in patients referred to an internal medical department and can be caused by a large spectrum of diseases, including haematological diseases and liver cirrhosis. However, some patients remain without a causal diagnosis, despite extensive medical work-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133337/identification-of-myocardial-infarction-type-from-electronic-hospital-data-in-england-and-australia-a-comparative-data-linkage-study
#15
Lee Nedkoff, Derrick Lopez, Michael Goldacre, Frank Sanfilippo, Michael Hobbs, F Lucy Wright
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes in investigating trends in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) using person-linked electronic hospitalisation data in England and Western Australia (WA). METHODS: All hospital admissions with myocardial infarction (MI) as the principal diagnosis were identified from 2000 to 2013 from both jurisdictions...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133181/national-trends-in-admission-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-a-myocardial-infarction-in-france-from-2010-to-2014
#16
Amélie Gabet, Christine De Peretti, Marie-Christine Iliou, Javier Nicolau, Valérie Olié
BACKGROUND: Follow-up care and rehabilitation services [soins de suite et réadaptation (SSR)], especially cardiac rehabilitation (CR), constitute a key stage for patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). AIMS: To study admission to SSR, especially for CR, among patients hospitalized for AMI in France in 2014, and its temporal trend between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: We used the French National Hospital Database to select patients hospitalized with a main diagnosis of AMI (identified by ICD-10 codes I21 to I23) in the first semester of each year from 2010 to 2014...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132454/coding-accuracy-for-outpatient-ophthalmic-surgery-st-joseph-s-healthcare-hamilton
#17
Nina Ahuja
Coding accuracy is an important factor in ensuring hospitals receive adequate reimbursement from the government for healthcare services rendered. A retrospective review of 100 charts, the purpose of this study was to determine the degree of coding accuracy from the surgeon perspective, for outpatient procedures performed for ophthalmic services at St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton from July to December 2016. Using ICD-10-CA, Canadian Classification of Health Interventions, Quality-Based Procedures criteria where applicable, and the 3M Coding and Reimbursement system, this paper reveals three primary sources of coding errors and presents recommendations to increase accuracy of reimbursement for the benefit of both the Ministry of Health and hospital organizations...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131283/quantitative-myocardial-blush-score-qube-allows-the-prediction-of-heart-failure-development-in-long-term-follow-up-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-proof-of-concept-study
#18
Andrzej Tomasik, Tomasz Młyńczak, Edyta Nowak, Katarzyna Pigoń, Artur Iwasieczko, Mariusz Opara, Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) might lead to left ventricular remodeling. Adequate myocardial perfusion is critical to prevent this adverse remodeling. Quantitative myocardial blush evaluator (QuBE) software, available on-line, is a simple analysis tool which enables the precise quantification of myocardial perfusion in the infarct area immediately after interventional treatment. The aim of this study was to assess whether the results of QuBE analysis might predict the development of HF in AMI patients in 3 year-long follow-up...
November 13, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128385/the-effectiveness-of-shingles-vaccine-among-albertans-aged-50%C3%A2-years-or-older-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Bruce M McDonald, Douglas C Dover, Kimberley A Simmonds, Christopher A Bell, Lawrence W Svenson, Margaret L Russell
PURPOSE: We assessed the effectiveness of shingles vaccine in preventing incident shingles among Alberta residents aged 50 years or older over the period 2009 - 2015, using administrative health data. METHODS: The cohort comprised of Albertans from the Alberta Health Care Insurance Plan Registry (AHCIP) as of June 30, 2009 and aged 50 years or older. Those who received shingles vaccine were identified from the provincial pharmaceutical information network. The occurrence of incident shingles was identified through both inpatient and outpatients/community care data...
November 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127734/population-representation-among-anatomical-donors-and-the-implication-for-medical-student-education
#20
Amanda J Collins, Whitney Smith, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Elizabeth Orvek, Peter Lazar, Jan K Carney, Anne M Gilroy, Max P Rosen
INTRODUCTION: Dissection provides a unique opportunity to integrate anatomical and clinical education. Commonly, cadavers are randomly assigned to courses, which may result in skewed representation of patient populations. The primary aim of this study was to determine if the anatomical donors studied by students at Medical School (MS) accurately represent the disease burden of the local patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared Medical Center patient claims data and body donation data from the Anatomical Gift Program (AGP)...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
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