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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817082/omega-3-long-chain-fatty-acids-in-the-heart-kidney-liver-and-plasma-metabolite-profiles-of-australian-prime-lambs-supplemented-with-pelleted-canola-and-flaxseed-oils
#1
Don V Nguyen, Van H Le, Quang V Nguyen, Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Peter D Nichols, Aduli E O Malau-Aduli
The objective of the study was to ascertain whether human health beneficial omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LC-PUFA) content in heart, kidney and liver can be enhanced by supplementing prime lambs with graded levels of canola and flaxseed oil. Health status of the lambs, as a consequence of the supplementation, was also investigated by examining their plasma metabolites. Sixty purebred and first-cross lambs were allocated to one of five treatments of lucerne hay basal diet supplemented with isocaloric and isonitrogenous wheat-based pellets without oil inclusion (Control) or graded levels of canola oil at 2...
August 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803021/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-with-heat-treated-canola-meal-on-ruminal-nutrient-metabolism-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#2
S J Krizsan, H Gidlund, F Fatehi, P Huhtanen
An experiment was conducted to quantify the effects of incremental levels of heat-moisture-treated canola meal (TCM) fed to dairy cows on the relationship between ruminal nutrient digestion and milk production. Experimental diets were fed to 4 multiparous rumen-cannulated Nordic Red cows, averaging (mean ± standard deviation) 681 ± 54.8 kg of body weight, 111 ± 16 d in milk, and 29.1 ± 9.1 kg of milk/d at the start of the study, in a Latin square design with four 21-d periods. The 4 experimental dietary treatments consisted of a basal diet of grass silage and crimped barley, and 3 diets in which the crimped barley was replaced with TCM, giving 3 incremental levels of protein supplementation...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766148/biology-and-management-of-avena-fatua-and-avena-ludoviciana-two-noxious-weed-species-of-agro-ecosystems
#3
Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Muhammad Javaid Akhter, Nadeem Iqbal, Arslan Masood Peerzada, Zarka Hanif, Sudheesh Manalil, Saima Hashim, Hafiz Haider Ali, Lynda Kebaso, David Frimpong, Halima Namubiru, Bhagirath Singh Chauhan
Avena fatua and Avena ludoviciana are closely related grass weed species infesting a large number of crops around the world. These species are widely distributed in diverse agro-ecosystems from temperate to sub-tropical regions due to their unique seed traits, successful germination ecology, high competitive ability, and allelopathic potential. A. fatua is more widespread, adaptable, and problematic than A. ludoviciana. Both these species infest major winter and spring crops, including wheat, oat, barley, canola, maize, alfalfa, and sunflower, causing up to 70% yield losses depending on crop species and weed density...
August 2, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751801/drought-tolerant-brassica-rapa-shows-rapid-expression-of-gene-networks-for-general-stress-responses-and-programmed-cell-death-under-simulated-drought-stress
#4
Yi Ming Guo, Birgit Samans, Sheng Chen, Kidist B Kibret, Sarah Hatzig, Neil C Turner, Matthew N Nelson, Wallace A Cowling, Rod J Snowdon
Production of oilseed rape/canola (Brassica napus) is increasingly threatened by dry conditions while the demand for vegetable oil is increasing. Brassica rapa is a genetically diverse ancestor of B. napus, and is readily crossed with B. napus. Recently, we reported promising levels of drought tolerance in a wild type of B. rapa which could be a source of drought tolerance for B. napus. We analysed global gene expression by messenger RNA sequencing in seedlings of the drought-tolerant and a drought-sensitive genotype of B...
2017: Plant Molecular Biology Reporter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750508/in-vitro-evidence-of-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-obesity-effects-of-medium-chain-fatty-acid-diacylglycerols
#5
Seungmin Yu, Jong Hun Choi, Hun Jung Kim, Soo Hyun Park, Gwang-Woong Go, Wooki Kim
Dietary approaches using structured lipids, including medium-chain fatty acids and diacylglycerols, have been adopted for the prevention of obesity-induced chronic inflammation. In an extension to previous studies, medium-chain fatty acid-diacylglycerol enriched dietary oil (MCDG) was prepared by interesterification of canola oil and medium-chain fatty acid-triacylglycerols. The consequent MCDG product was applied to RAW264.7 macrophages followed by the assessment of multiple inflammatory responses. Compared to conventionally used canola and olive oil controls, MCDG suppressed macrophage phagocytosis as assessed by the uptake of microsphere beads...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744731/plant-community-chemical-composition-influences-trembling-aspen-populus-tremuloides-intake-by-sheep
#6
Kristen Y Heroy, Samuel B St Clair, Elizabeth A Burritt, Juan J Villalba
Nutrients and plant secondary compounds in aspen (Populus tremuloides) may interact with nutrients in the surrounding vegetation to influence aspen use by herbivores. Thus, this study aimed to determine aspen intake and preference by sheep in response to supplementary nutrients or plant secondary compounds (PSC) present in aspen trees. Thirty-two lambs were randomly assigned to one of four molasses-based supplementary feeds to a basal diet of tall fescue hay (N = 8) during three experiments. The supplements were as follows: (1) high-protein (60% canola meal), (2) a PSC (6% quebracho tannins), (3) 25% aspen bark, and (4) control (100% molasses)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743039/exogenous-application-of-poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-enhances-stress-defense-in-brassica-napus-l-seedlings-by-inducing-cross-talks-between-ca-2-h2o2-brassinolide-and-jasmonic-acid-in-leaves
#7
Zongqi Xu, Peng Lei, Xiao Pang, Huashan Li, Xiaohai Feng, Hong Xu
Poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) is a microbe-secreted isopeptide shown to promote growth and enhance crop stress tolerance. However, its downstream signaling pathways are unknown. Here, we studied γ-PGA-induced tolerance to salt and cold stresses. Pretreatment with γ-PGA contributed to enhance stress tolerance of canola seedlings by promoting proline accumulation and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) improvement. Further, Ca(2+), H2O2, brassinolide, and jasmonic acid were found to be involved in the γ-PGA-induced process...
July 17, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728359/influence-of-supplemental-canola-or-soybean-oil-on-milk-yield-fatty-acid-profile-and-postpartum-weight-changes-in-grazing-dairy-goats
#8
Israel Lerma-Reyes, G D Mendoza-Martínez, Rolando Rojo-Rubio, Mario Mejia, Juan Carlos Garcia-Lopez, Hector Aaron Lee-Rangel
Objective: This experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of supplementation with soybean or canola oil on milk production and the composition of long chain fatty acids as well as weight changes in the goats and their kids. Methods: Thirty nine mulitparous crossed Alpine x Nubian goats (initial BW 43.5 ± 1.7 kg) from the day of parturition were assigned to the treatments: grazing control (n=15); grazing plus 20 mL/goat/d of supplemental soybean oil (n=12); and grazing plus 20 mL/goat/d of supplemental canola oil (n=12)...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727122/effect-of-increasing-dietary-canola-meal-inclusion-on-lactation-performance-milk-composition-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-lactating-sows
#9
D E Velayudhan, C M Nyachoti
The aim was to determine the effects of increasing dietary canola meal in substitution for soybean meal in lactation sow diets. Forty-five sows with an average parity of 1.8 (SD = 0.83) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments ( = 15) consisting of a corn-based control diet and 2 diets with 15% and 30% canola meal formulated by replacing soybean meal with canola meal. Diets were formulated to be similar in standardized ileal digestible AA content and NE value and to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations for lactating sows...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727034/standardized-ileal-digestible-amino-acid-contents-of-canola-meal-from-canadian-crushing-plants-for-growing-pigs
#10
D I Adewole, A Rogiewicz, B Dyck, C M Nyachoti, B A Slominski
Studies have shown that there are variations in the chemical and nutritive composition of canola meal (CM) produced in Canada, some of which may result from differences among the canola seed crushing plants. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the variability in the nutritive value of CM as its end users desire increased meal consistency and more information on any potential variability in AA digestibility. Thus, 18 ileal cannulated barrows (average initial BW = 23.3 kg) were used to determine the apparent (AID) and standardized (SID) ileal digestibility of N and AA and standardized ileal digestible N and AA contents in CM from 6 processing plants in Canada...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727030/apparent-and-true-ileal-and-total-tract-digestibility-of-fat-in-canola-press-cake-or-canola-oil-and-effects-of-increasing-dietary-fat-on-amino-acid-and-energy-digestibility-in-growing-pigs
#11
X Zhou, E Beltranena, R T Zijlstra
Digestibility of remaining oil in canola press-cake (CPC) may be lower than that of extracted, liquid canola oil (CO) because oil may be partly entrapped in the CPC matrix. To determine true digestibility of fat in ingredients, endogenous fat losses should be estimated. Dietary fat may interact with digestion of other dietary components. To test these hypotheses, 10 ileal-cannulated pigs (initial BW, 25.4 kg) were fed 10 diets for 8 periods in a 10 × 8 Youden square. A basal diet was formulated based on wheat, barley, and canola meal...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727029/effects-of-graded-levels-of-microbial-phytase-on-apparent-total-tract-digestibility-of-calcium-and-phosphorus-and-standardized-total-tract-digestibility-of-phosphorus-in-four-sources-of-canola-meal-and-in-soybean-meal-fed-to-growing-pigs
#12
Y She, Y Liu, H H Stein
One hundred twenty pigs were used to determine effects of graded levels of microbial phytase on the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of P and Ca and the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P in 4 sources of canola meal and in 1 source of soybean meal (SBM) fed to growing pigs. The 4 sources of canola meal were produced from 1 source of high-protein canola seeds and 2 sources of conventional canola seeds with 1 of the conventional canola seeds being divided into 2 separate batches before crushing...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726998/potential-for-improving-fiber-digestion-in-the-rumen-of-cattle-bos-taurus-through-microbial-inoculation-from-bison-bison-bison-in-situ-fiber-degradation
#13
C Griffith, G O Ribeiro, M Oba, T A McAllister, K A Beauchemin
The objective of this experiment was to determine if partial replacement of cattle rumen contents with those from bison would increase in situ ruminal fiber degradation of various forages. The second objective was to examine individual variation among cattle in their ability to degrade forage and their responses to inoculation. In situ degradation of barley straw, canola straw, alfalfa hay, and timothy hay was measured in 16 ruminally cannulated heifers fed a barley straw-based diet before and after inoculation with combined rumen contents from 32 bison (performed twice, 14 d apart)...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726228/microwave-irradiation-and-citric-acid-assisted-seed-germination-and-phytoextraction-of-nickel-ni-by-brassica-napus-l-morpho-physiological-and-biochemical-alterations-under-ni-stress
#14
Mujahid Farid, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Rashid Saeed, Hafiz Muhammad Tauqeer, Rasham Sallah-Ud-Din, Ahmed Azam, Nighat Raza
The complex bio-geochemistry of soil allows pollutant to persist for a longer period of time which further decreased the fertility and natural composition of land. Nickel, an inorganic pollutant, coming from a wide range of industrial and manufacturing units possesses serious threat to soil degradation and crop productivity around the world. The present study was carried to evaluate the combined role of microwave irradiation (MR) and citric acid (CA) on the phytoextraction potential of Brassica napus L. under Ni stress...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712501/gene-editing-in-polyploid-crops-wheat-camelina-canola-potato-cotton-peanut-sugar-cane-and-citrus
#15
Donald P Weeks
Polyploid crops make up a significant portion of the major food and fiber crops of the world and include wheat, potato, cotton, apple, peanut, citrus, and brassica oilseeds such as rape, canola, and Camelina. The presence of three sets of chromosomes in triploids, four sets in tetraploids, and six sets in hexaploids present significant challenges to conventional plant breeding and, potentially, to efficient use of rapidly emerging gene and genome-editing systems such as zinc finger nucleases, single-stranded oligonucleotides, TALE effector nucleases, and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR/Cas9)...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712143/reliability-of-the-echomri-infants-system-for-water-and-fat-measurements-in-newborns
#16
Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Charles Paley, William W Wong, F Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Wen W Yu, John Thornton, Dympna Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: The precision and accuracy of a quantitative magnetic resonance (EchoMRI Infants) system in newborns were determined. METHODS: Canola oil and drinking water phantoms (increments of 10 g to 1.9 kg) were scanned four times. Instrument reproducibility was assessed from three scans (within 10 minutes) in 42 healthy term newborns (12-70 hours post birth). Instrument precision was determined from the coefficient of variation (CV) of repeated scans for total water, lean mass, and fat measures for newborns and the mean difference between weight and measurement for phantoms...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711244/wheat-is-more-potent-than-corn-or-barley-for-dietary-mitigation-of-enteric-methane-emissions-from-dairy-cows
#17
P J Moate, S R O Williams, J L Jacobs, M C Hannah, K A Beauchemin, R J Eckard, W J Wales
Wheat is the most common concentrate fed to dairy cows in Australia, but few studies have examined the effects of wheat feeding on enteric methane emissions, and no studies have compared the relative potencies of wheat, corn, and barley for their effects on enteric methane production. In this 35-d experiment, 32 Holstein dairy cows were offered 1 of 4 diets: a corn diet (CRN) of 10.0 kg of dry matter (DM)/d of single-rolled corn grain, 1.8 kg of DM/d of canola meal, 0.2 kg of DM/d of minerals, and 11.0 kg of DM/d of chopped alfalfa hay; a wheat diet (WHT) similar to the CRN diet but with the corn replaced by single-rolled wheat; a barley diet (SRB) similar to the CRN diet but with the corn replaced by single-rolled barley; and a barley diet (DRB) similar to the CRN diet but with the corn replaced by double-rolled barley...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710722/organosulfur-compound-protects-against-memory-decline-induced-by-scopolamine-through-modulation-of-oxidative-stress-and-na-k-atpase-activity-in-mice
#18
Fernanda D da Silva, Mikaela P Pinz, Renata L de Oliveira, Karline C Rodrigues, Francine R Ianiski, Mariana M Bassaco, Claudio C Silveira, Cristiano R Jesse, Silvane S Roman, Ethel A Wilhelm, Cristiane Luchese
The present study investigated the possible effect of BMMS in protecting against memory impairment in an Alzheimer's disease model induced by scopolamine in mice. Another objective was to evaluate the involvement of oxidative stress and Na(+)/K(+) ATPase activity in cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice. Male Swiss mice were divided into four groups: groups I and III received canola oil (10 ml/kg, intragastrically (i.g.)), while groups II and IV received BMMS (10 mg/kg, i.g.). Thirty minutes after treatments, groups III and IV received scopolamine (1 mg/kg, intraperitoneal (i...
July 14, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707153/medium-chain-enriched-diacylglycerol-mce-dag-oil-decreases-body-fat-mass-in-mice-by-increasing-lipolysis-and-thermogenesis-in-adipose-tissue
#19
Haeun Kim, Jee-Hwan Choe, Jong Hun Choi, Hun Jung Kim, Soo Hyun Park, Moon Won Lee, Wooki Kim, Gwang-Woong Go
Medium chain fatty acid (MCFA) escapes the formation of chylomicrons in the small intestine, resulting in energy expenditure through beta-oxidation. Diacylglycerol (DAG) is susceptible to oxidation rather than being stored in the adipose tissue. This study was conducted to verify the effect of MCE-DAG oil on body fat mass in vivo. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to four groups (n = 12) as follows: (1) normal diet (18% kcal from fat), (2) canola oil as a control (40% kcal from canola oil), (3) MCE-DAG10 (10% kcal from MCE-DAG + 30% kcal from canola oil), and (4) MCE-DAG20 (20% kcal from MCE-DAG + 20% kcal from canola oil)...
August 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703403/utilizing-pretreatment-and-fungal-incubation-to-enhance-the-nutritional-value-of-canola-meal
#20
J R Croat, B Karki, M Berhow, L Iten, K Muthukumarappan, W R Gibbons
AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine the optimal pretreatment and fungal strain to reduce glucosinolates (GLS), fibre and residual sugars while increasing the nutritional value of canola meal. METHODS AND RESULTS: Submerged incubation conditions were used to evaluate four pretreatment methods (extrusion, hot water cook, dilute acid and dilute alkali) and three fungal cultures (Aureobasidium pullulans Y-2311-1, Fusarium venenatum NRRL-26139 and Trichoderma reesei NRRL-3653) in hexane-extracted (HE) and cold-pressed (CP) canola meal...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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