keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chromium

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793171/compositional-engineering-of-acceptors-for-highly-efficient-bulk-heterojunction-hybrid-organic-solar-cells
#1
S Amber Yousaf, M Ikram, S Ali
The wet chemical synthesis of chromium oxide (Cr2 O3 ) nanoparticles (NPs) and its application in active layer of inverted bulk heterojunction organic solar cells is documented in this research. Chromium oxide NPs of 10-30 nm size range having a band gap of 2.9 eV were successfully synthesized. These NPs were used in inverted organic solar cells in amalgamation with P3HT:PCBM and PTB7:PCBM polymers. The fabricated hybrid devices improves PCE significantly for P3HT:PCBM and PTB7:PCBM systems. The photophysical energy levels, optoelectrical properties and microscopic images have been systematically studied for the fabricated devices...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790534/evidence-for-the-natural-origins-of-anomalously-high-chromium-levels-in-soils-of-the-cecina-valley-italy
#2
Eliana Tassi, Martina Grifoni, Fabrizio Bardelli, Giuliana Aquilanti, Sonia La Felice, Antonella Iadecola, Pierfranco Lattanzi, Gianniantonio Petruzzelli
The problem of high levels of chromium is one of the most important issues in soils of the Mediterranean area, in particular those deriving from ophiolitic parent materials. Very often the chromium concentration is greater than the threshold values of legislation on soil pollution and the knowledge of the origin of contamination (natural or anthropogenic) is important to formulate risk characterization. This study evaluated the soils from three coastal areas of the Cecina Valley (Tuscany, Italy) to understand the origin of chromium in the soils, where high levels of hexavalent chromium were found in well and spring waters of the areas...
May 23, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789881/characterization-of-recombinant-e-coli-expressing-arsr-from-rhodopseudomonas-palustris-cga009-that-displays-highly-selective-arsenic-adsorption
#3
Changdong Ke, Chungui Zhao, Christopher Rensing, Suping Yang, Yi Zhang
Innovative methods to lower arsenic (As) exposure are sought. The As regulatory protein (ArsR) is reported of having high affinity and specificity to arsenite [As(III)]. Rhodopseudomonas palustris CGA009 is a good model organism for studying As detoxification due to at least three ars operons and four diverse arsRRP1-4 on the genome. In this study, four Escherichia coli harboring arsRRP1-4 derived from CGA009 were engineered and tested regarding their As resistance. The results showed that E. coli (arsRRP2 ) displayed robust As(III) resistance, and its growth inhibition rate was only 2...
May 22, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785647/mrna-analysis-of-genes-encoded-with-phytochelatin-synthase-pcs-in-rice-seedlings-exposed-to-chromium-the-role-of-phytochelatins-in-cr-detoxification
#4
Xiao-Zhang Yu, Qin-Long Ling, Yan-Hong Li, Yu-Juan Lin
Transcriptional changes of genes encoded with phytochelatins synthase (PCS) was investigated in rice seedlings exposed to potassium chromate Cr(VI) or chromium nitrate Cr(III) using qRT-PCR. Our study demonstrates that both Cr variants initiated different responses of phytochelatin content and PCS activities in rice tissues. Six putative PCS genes were expressed differentially in response to both Cr species. Comparing gene expression between root/shoots, only LOC_Os05g34290.1 and LOC_Os06g01260.1 genes were expressed in similar patterns in Cr(VI) treatment, while none of them were expressed equally in Cr(III) treatments...
May 21, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782351/role-of-lkb1-in-migration-and-invasion-of-cr-vi-transformed-human-bronchial-epithelial-beas-2b-cells
#5
Jian Lu, Zhongping Zhou, Miaomiao Tang, Haijun Shen, Yi Liu, Jin Wang, Yewen Jiang, Yifan Chen, Zhanao Wu
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a common human carcinogen associated with lung cancer and other pulmonary diseases as exposure to excessive Cr(VI) induces malignant transformation in human lung epithelial cells. The mechanism underlying its carcinogenicity is unclear in terms of how it facilitates metastases. Cr(VI) compounds are reported to briefly promote cell migration in a concentration-dependent manner and oncogene liver kinase B1 (LKB1) was reduced in Cr(VI)-transformed cells. Overexpression of LKB1 in Beas-2B-Cr [Cr(VI) malignantly transformed Beas-2B cells] suppressed cell migration and invasion and inactivated FAK, Src, MMP-2, GSK3β, β-catenin, and HEF1, which contribute to cell migration and invasion...
May 18, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779279/-effects-of-recasting-in-vacuum-with-argon-on-the-chemical-composition-of-ceramic-alloys
#6
Ying-Hui Wang, Fen-Fang Qiu, Wei-Qing Wu, Hui Cheng
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of recasting in vacuum with argon on the chemical composition of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr), commercially pure titanium (cpTi), palladium-based (Pd-based), and aurum-platinum (Au-
Pt) ceramic alloys. METHODS: Without adding new alloys, Co-Cr, cpTi, Pd-based, and Au-Pt ceramic alloys were recast one to three times under the condition of vacuum compressive casting with argon. Before recasting, four previously cast ceramic alloys were treated with the corresponding method...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778172/nanoencapsulation-of-hexavalent-chromium-with-nanoscale-zero-valent-iron-high-resolution-chemical-mapping-of-the-passivation-layer
#7
Xiao-Yue Huang, Lan Ling, Wei-Xian Zhang
Solid phase reactions of Cr(VI) with Fe(0) were investigated with spherical-aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (Cs-STEM) integrated with X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy (XEDS). Near-atomic resolution elemental mappings of Cr(VI)-Fe(0) reactions were acquired. Experimental results show that rate and extent of Cr(VI) encapsulation are strongly dependent on the initial concentration of Cr(VI) in solution. Low Cr loading in nZVI (<1.0wt%) promotes the electrochemical oxidation and continuous corrosion of nZVI while high Cr loading (>1...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778146/performance-and-mechanism-of-cr-vi-removal-by-zero-valent-iron-loaded-onto-expanded-graphite
#8
Congbin Xu, Wenjie Yang, Weijiang Liu, Hongliang Sun, Chunlei Jiao, Ai-Jun Lin
Zero-valent iron (ZVI) was loaded on expanded graphite (EG) to produce a composite material (EG-ZVI) for efficient removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)). EG and EG-ZVI were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. EG-ZVI had a high specific surface area and contained sub-micron sized particles of zero-valent iron. Batch experiments were employed to evaluate the Cr(VI) removal performance...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778047/source-identification-and-spatial-distribution-of-arsenic-and-heavy-metals-in-agricultural-soil-around-hunan-industrial-estate-by-positive-matrix-factorization-model-principle-components-analysis-and-geo-statistical-analysis
#9
Xiaowen Zhang, Shuai Wei, Qianqian Sun, Syed Abdul Wadood, Boli Guo
Characterizing the distribution and defining potential sources of arsenic and heavy metals are the basic preconditions for reducing the contamination of heavy metals and metalloids. 71 topsoil samples and 61 subsoil samples were collected by grid method to measure the concentration of cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr). Principle components analysis (PCA), GIS-based geo-statistical methods and Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) were applied. The results showed that the mean concentrations were 9...
May 16, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777411/spatial-environmental-risk-evaluation-of-potential-toxic-elements-in-stream-sediments
#10
I M H R Antunes, M T D Albuquerque, N Roque
Potential toxic elements (PTE), in stream sediments, were used as contamination indicators for the definition of high-/low-grade spatial clusters in the Monfortinho area (Central Portugal). A set of 271 stream sediment samples was used for spatial modelling and further definition of rings of enrichment-high and low rings. A three-step multivariate statistical and geostatistical approach was used: (1) principal components analysis for PTE's association evaluation and dimensionality reduction; (2) ordinary kriging as an unbiased interpolator for content inference and construction of a continuous representation of the considered attributes, at any arbitrary spatial location; (3) G clustering algorithm for the definition of high and low significance clusters...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777094/biological-monitoring-and-lung-function-assessment-among-workers-exposed-to-chromium-in-the-ceramic-industry
#11
Fatemeh Kargar Shouroki, Seyed Jamaleddin Shahtaheri, Farideh Golbabaei, Abolfazle Barkhordari, Abbas Rahimi-Froushani
BACKGROUND: Chromium exposure occurs in various industries such as ceramics industry. The main disadvantage of chromium is high toxicity when absorbed by the body. This study aimed to determine and compare urinary chromium values in the pre- and post-shift of ceramic glazers and the control group; investigate urinary chromium value according to the study variables; compare pulmonary function tests between ceramic glazers vs. the control group. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776703/removal-of-aqueous-chromium-and-environmental-co-2-by-using-photocatalytic-tio-2-doped-with-tungsten
#12
M Trejo-Valdez, S R Hernández-Guzmán, M E Manriquez-Ramírez, H Sobral, H Martínez-Gutiérrez, C Torres-Torres
Removal of hexavalent chromium was accomplished by using photocatalyst materials of TiO2 doped with tungsten oxide, environmental air as oxygen supply and white light as irradiation source. Dichromate anions in concentration ranges of 50 to 1000 μg/L were removed by means of aqueous dispersions of TiO2 doped with tungsten. The aqueous chromium analyses were performed by Differential Pulse Voltammetry technique. Additionally, mineralization of CO2 gas was promoted by the photocatalysis process, as was clearly shown by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) analyses obtained from the TiO2 samples recovered after photocatalytic experiments...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776454/determination-of-three-chromium-textile-azo-dyes-in-wastewater-by-spe-lc-esi-ms-ms
#13
Florina-Maria Copaciu, Dorina Simedru, Maria-Virginia Coman
In the present work, a procedure to determine three textile azo dyes, chromium-complexes [Nylosan Dark Brown (NDB), Lanasyn Dark Brown (LDB), and Lanasyn Red (LR)], from wastewater using solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by LC-electrospray ionization negative mode tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI(-)-MS/MS) has been developed. The extraction/concentration and recovery degree of these dyes from liquid matrices were done on Strata WAX/NH₂ cartridges. The chromatographic separation was performed using a Luna C18 (2) 100Å column by isocratic elution with a methanol-acetonitrile-water (0...
May 18, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776315/aerobic-training-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-skeletal-muscle-of-rats-exposed-to-air-pollution-and-supplemented-with-chromium-picolinate
#14
Bruna Marmett, Ramiro Barcos Nunes, Kellen Sábio de Souza, Pedro Dal Lago, Cláudia Ramos Rhoden
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chromium picolinate (CrPic) supplementation associated with aerobic exercise using measures of oxidative stress in rats exposed to air pollution. METHODS: Sixty-one male Wistar rats were divided into eight groups: residual oil fly ash (ROFA) exposure and sedentary (ROFA-SED); ROFA exposure, sedentary and supplemented (ROFA-SED-CrPic); ROFA exposure and trained (ROFA-AT); ROFA exposure, supplemented and trained (ROFA-AT-CrPic); sedentary (Sal-SED); sedentary and supplemented (Sal-SED-CrPic); trained (Sal-AT); and supplemented and trained (Sal-AT-CrPic)...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773278/medial-tibial-periprosthetic-bone-resorption-and-its-effect-on-clinical-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-cobalt-chromium-vs-titanium-implants
#15
Chan Yoon, Moon Jong Chang, Chong Bum Chang, Min Kyu Song, Jae Hoon Shin, Seung-Baik Kang
BACKGROUND: Recently, concerns arose over the medial tibial bone resorption of a novel cobalt-chromium implant. This study aimed at investigating the effects of tibial component material, design, and patient factors on periprosthetic bone resorption and at determining its association with clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A total of 462 primary TKAs using 5 types of implants were included. To evaluate tibial periprosthetic bone resorption, we assessed radiolucent lines and change in bone mineral density at the medial tibial condyle (BMDMT )...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773176/effects-of-zinc-magnesium-and-chromium-supplementation-on-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomised-trial
#16
Ha-Na Kim, Se-Hong Kim, Young-Mi Eun, Sang-Wook Song
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been increasing rapidly worldwide. The activities of zinc, magnesium and chromium have a potential association with MetS; therefore, we investigated the effects of zinc, magnesium and chromium supplements on metabolic risk factors in adults with MetS. In this double-blind, placebo controlled randomised study, 32 adults with MetS were included in the zinc, magnesium, and chromium-administered group (n = 16) or the placebo group (n = 16) and received either 300 mg magnesium, 600 μg chromium and 36 mg zinc per day or placebo over a 24-week period...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773173/gene-expression-in-adverse-reaction-to-metal-debris-around-metal-on-metal-arthroplasty-an-rna-seq-based-study
#17
Antti Pemmari, Tiina Leppänen, Erja-Leena Paukkeri, Antti Eskelinen, Teemu Moilanen, Eeva Moilanen
Joint replacement surgery is a standard treatment of advanced osteoarthritis (OA). Since 2000, cobalt-chromium (CoCr) metal-on-metal (MoM) implants were widely used in hip arthroplasties. Some patients developed "adverse reaction to metal debris" (ARMD) around the prosthesis, resulting in a need for revision surgery. In the present study, we addressed the pathogenesis of ARMD by genome-wide expression analysis. Pseudosynovial ARMD tissue was obtained from revision surgery of Articular Surface Replacement (ASR, DePuy, Warsaw, IN, USA) hip arthroplasties...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773167/optimal-dosage-and-early-intervention-of-l-ascorbic-acid-inhibiting-k-2-cr-2-o-7-induced-renal-tubular-cell-damage
#18
Tzeng-Jih Lin, Yeou-Lih Huang, Jung-San Chang, Kuan-Ting Liu, Meng-Chi Yen, Fen-Wei Chen, Yueh-Lun Shih, Jo-Chi Jao, Po-Chi Huang, I-Jeng Yeh
Chromium poisoning can cause renal failure and death. Chromium intoxication may be managed using L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) therapy. However, the evidence supporting the effectiveness of this treatment is insufficient, and the mechanism of action has not been clarified in renal cells. In this study, our results showed that the optimal regimen of L-ascorbic acid therapy in human epithelial renal proximal tubule cells, HK-2 cells, was 30 μg/mL. Supplementation of L-ascorbic acid with 30 μg/mL and within 8 h of chromium intoxication (K2 Cr2 O7, Cr6+ ) was effective to inhibit renal tubular cell damage by blocking generation of free radicals, cell apoptosis, and autophagy...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772846/analysis-of-the-content-of-chromium-in-certain-parts-of-the-human-knee-joint
#19
Wojciech Roczniak, Barbara Brodziak-Dopierała, Elżbieta Cipora, Agata Jakóbik-Kolon, Magdalena Konieczny, Magdalena Babuśka-Roczniak
Chromium is an essential microelement in the human body. It exerts an effect on bones by modulating their biochemical parameters: alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). With considerable accumulation of chromium in the skeleton, the activity of alkaline phosphatase was found to decrease, which affected bone formation rate. The study objective was to analyze chromium content in the knee tissues. Tissues for analysis were obtained during endoprosthesoplasty of the knee joint and included tibia, femur, and meniscus tissues...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772424/enhanced-hexavalent-chromium-removal-performance-and-stabilization-by-magnetic-iron-nanoparticles-assisted-biochar-in-aqueous-solution-mechanisms-and-application-potential
#20
Shishu Zhu, Xiaochen Huang, Dawei Wang, Li Wang, Fang Ma
The superiority of the nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) assisted biochar (BC) composites compared to traditional nZVI and its application feasibility are still unclear. This study aimed to provide valuable information for practical application. Firstly, the Fe/BC mass ratio of 2:1 during the preparation of nZVI-BC was proved obtaining the complete Cr6+ removal. Then, results revealed that the initial pH value tuned Cr6+ removal performance via varying existing Cr6+ species, surface charge, and chemical states of iron nanoparticles (NPs)...
May 9, 2018: Chemosphere
keyword
keyword
51494
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"