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Mesenteric ischemy

Mahmut Can Yağmurdur, Arif Ozdemir, Serdar Topaloğlu, Kamer Kilinç, Ahmet Ozenç
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We have previously shown that alpha tocopherol is a potent antioxidant which prevents reperfusion injury in a kidney and small bowel autotransplant model. In this study, the effect of systemic alpha tocopherol and verapamil on small bowel and hepatic functions following mesenteric ischemi-reperfusion was evaluated. METHODS: Fourty male Wistar Albino rats (weight, 250-300 g) all subjected to an ischemia-reperfusion experiment were divided into four groups of 10 as follows: Group 1: (SHAM), Group 2, given prophylactic and systemic alpha tocopherol, Group 3: given verapamil and Group 4: given (both verapamil and alpha tocopherol)...
March 2002: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
A Fabre, T Abita, F Lachachi, P Rudelli, M Carlier, J B Bocquel, A Remond, B Pech de Laclause, F Maisonnette, S Durand-Fontanier, D Valleix, B Descottes, T Reix
We report a case of postoperative inferior mesenteric arteriovenous fistula. Arteriovenous fistula represents a rare disease. Symptoms are due to portal hypertension and distal ischemy. Treatment of these fistulas is embolization. Surgery is possible by ligature or excision of the fistula because vascularisation is obtained by Riolan arcade and hypogastric artery.
July 2005: Annales de Chirurgie
K Norlén, L Rentzhog, S Wikström
Massive doses of methylprednisolone were given to rats subjected to segmental intestinal ischemis. The central and regional blood flows were studied with the microsphere technique. Ischemia was induced by ligating the arteries to 1/4 of the length of the small intestine. In rats subjected to 2 h of segmental intestinal ischemia methylprednisolone seemed to prevent the decrease in blood flow, previously noted in untreated rats, in the regions where the arteries were not occluded. When adequate volume replacement was given in combination with methylprednisolone, the blood flow in the ischemic region showed a slight improvement...
1978: Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica
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