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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172172/visualization-of-old-bruises-in-children-use-of-violet-light-to-record-long-term-bruises
#1
Sohtaro Mimasaka, Toru Oshima, Maki Ohtani
When a child consultation center evaluates abused children, evidence of the abuse must be documented. Children who have suffered physical abuse often have bruises, which cannot be confirmed by visualization when the bruise has healed. In forensics, a method to confirm an old bruise by ultraviolet radiation is possible. However, long-term ultraviolet exposure can be harmful. In this study, we observed 15 bruises on healthy volunteer children using four kinds of light sources, including ultraviolet radiation, over time...
November 16, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160411/spirometry-in-schoolchildren-for-field-studies-does-testing-on-different-days-change-the-result-of-the-exam
#2
Janaina Cristina Scalco, Rafaela Coelho Minsky, Camila Isabel Santos Schivinski
OBJECTIVE: To analyze if there is variation in the results of spirometry performed by healthy schoolchildren on different days. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with healthy schoolchildren aged 7 to 12 years old, in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Prepubescent children, non-athletes, born at full term, without cardiorespiratory, rheumatic, musculoskeletal, neurological and visual or hearing deficit were included. The child's health was assessed by a health questionnaire and by the survey International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood...
November 13, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133663/combined-central-retinal-artery-and-vein-occlusion-with-optic-perineuritis-following-herpes-zoster-dermatitis-in-an-immunocompetent-child
#3
Reema Bansal, Ramandeep Singh, Aastha Takkar, Vivek Lal
A 15-year-old healthy boy developed acute, rapidly progressing visual loss in left eye following herpes zoster dermatitis, with a combined central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), along with optic perineuritis. Laboratory tests were negative. Despite an empirical, intensive antiviral treatment with systemic corticosteroids, and vision could not be restored in the affected eye. Herpes zoster dermatitis, in an immunocompetent individual, may be associated with a combined CRAO and CRVO along with optic perineuritis, leading to profound visual loss...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131721/postural-stability-in-healthy-child-and-youth-athletes-the-effect-of-age-sex-and-concussion-related-factors-on-performance
#4
Melissa Paniccia, Katherine E Wilson, Anne Hunt, Michelle Keightley, Karl Zabjek, Tim Taha, Isabelle Gagnon, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Postural stability plays a key role in sport performance, especially after concussion. Specific to healthy child and youth athletes, little is known about the influence development and sex may have on postural stability while considering other subjective clinical measures used in baseline/preinjury concussion assessment. This study aims to describe age- and sex-based trends in postural stability in uninjured child and youth athletes at baseline while accounting for concussion-related factors...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082121/bilateral-posterior-crystalline-lens-dislocations-in-an-otherwise-healthy-child
#5
Omar A AlShehri, Hashem Almarzouki, Badr A Alharbi, Mohammed Alqahtani, Khaled Allam
Introduction: Ectopia lentis is defined as a crystalline lens displacement, either partially or completely, due to zonular abnormalities. It can be a result of trauma, hereditary ocular disease, or part of systemic diseases, like Marfan syndrome and homocystinuria. Case description: We report a case of a medically free 16-year-old girl, who was referred to our hospital complaining of poor vision and a squint in both eyes since childhood. Her history included a traffic accident when she was one-year-old. She was previously diagnosed with alternating esotropia, which was treated with glasses, alternating patching, and bilateral Botox injections...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046193/health-related-quality-of-life-in-danish-children-with-hereditary-angioedema
#6
Anne Aabom, Dan Nguyen, Niels Fisker, Anette Bygum
BACKGROUND: The potentially life-threatening disease hereditary angioedema with C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) can have considerable impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adult patients. Half the patients with C1-INH-HAE develop symptoms before the age of 10 years. However, the HRQoL in children with C1-INH-HAE is almost unexplored. OBJECTIVE: To investigate HRQoL in Danish children with C1-INH-HAE, including possible correlations to disease severity and attack frequency...
November 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946059/pregabalin-as-adjunct-in-a-multimodal-pain-therapy-after-traumatic-foot-amputation-a-case-report-of-a-4-year-old-girl
#7
Stephanie Wössner, Kirsten Weber, Anna C Steinbeck, Markus Oberhauser, Matthias Feuerecker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a multimodal pain therapeutic concept including the adjunct use of pregabalin in a 4.5 year-old child after forefoot amputation. Phantom limb pain and sensation is a complex pain syndrome that is difficult to treat and prevent. 70-75% of all children develop such a pain syndrome after amputation. We describe here a paediatric patient who underwent forefoot amputation following traumatic foot injury and received multimodal pain therapy including pregabalin...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941068/causal-inference-in-studies-of-preterm-babies-a-simulation-study
#8
Jonathan M Snowden, Olga Basso
OBJECTIVE: Using a simple simulation, we illustrate why associations estimated from studies restricted to preterm births cannot be interpreted causally. DESIGN, SETTING, AND POPULATION: Data simulation involving a hypothetical cohort of fetuses who may be healthy or have one or more of four pathological factors (termed A through D, increasing in severity) with known effects on gestational length and risk of mortality. We focus on babies born ≤32 weeks of gestation...
September 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917203/cognitive-behavioral-correlates-of-proxy-reports-on-cognitive-capabilities-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#9
Christoph Helmstaedter, Renata Vaz Pandolfo, Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt
PURPOSE: To validate the Cognitive Problems in Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (KOPKIJ, German: Kognitive Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen), a proxy report measure for recognizing cognitive problems in pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Anonymized data sets from 279 pediatric epilepsy patients were standardized in regard to the KOPKIJ results of 352 healthy children and adolescents. The KOPKIJ was related to objective routine neuropsychological assessment (NPY), and to two subjective measures, the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL), a proxy rating by the parents, and a questionnaire for self-perceived health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL)...
October 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804087/disparities-in-accuracy-of-maternal-perceptions-of-obesity-among-hispanic-children
#10
Maria C de Grubb, Jason L Salemi, Courtney Kihlberg, Sandra Gonzalez, Roger Zoorob, Robert Levine
Maternal perceptions of their children's weight status may limit their readiness to foster healthy habits to prevent childhood obesity. We compared maternal perceptions as measured by verbal and visual scales of their children's weight status (CWS) with measured BMI/weight-for-age percentile among 75 Hispanic mothers with at least one child aged ≤10 years. Mothers were significantly more likely to underestimate their CWS compared to measured BMI, particularly during verbal appraisals. Although maternal perceptions (verbal and visual scales) were significantly associated with measured CWS, the strength of the association was moderate (Verbal r=0...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791070/an-unusual-case-of-blepharochalasis
#11
Douglas P Dworak, Shyam A Patel, Lisa S Thompson
PURPOSE: To describe a rare case of blepharochalasis that progressed from unilateral to bilateral involvement at five years after disease onset. CASE REPORT: A previously healthy five-year-old white boy presented to our hospital for a screening visual examination. He was found to have a 2-mm right eyelid ptosis with crepe-like skin and subcutaneous telangiectatic vessels. His mother noted that since the age of three, the child has been having two to seven day-long episodes of right upper eyelid swelling and edema with tenderness...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771637/the-perception-of-disability-by-community-groups-stories-of-local-understanding-beliefs-and-challenges-in-a-rural-part-of-kenya
#12
Karen Bunning, Joseph K Gona, Charles R Newton, Sally Hartley
Cultural narratives on disability have received much attention over the past few decades. In contexts of poverty, limited information and everyday challenges associated with having, or caring for someone with a disability, different understandings have emerged. A project was set up to promote disability awareness in neighborhood communities in a rural part of Kenya, using a process of reflection and education. This paper reports on the first aspect-reflection. The aim was to investigate local understanding of disability as a co-constructed concept...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733571/a-rare-case-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-cerebral-abscess-secondary-to-conjunctivitis
#13
Y K Gan, A Z Azmi, S A Ghani, A Samsudin
This case report discusses the rare association of cerebral abscess related to conjunctivitis in an otherwise healthy child. A 6 year old boy presented with conjunctivitis was treated with topical antibiotics and resolved after a week. Conjunctival swab cultures grew MRSA. A month later he developed status epileptics and CT scans revealed a large cerebral abscess. He was treated with intravenous antibiotics which covered for MRSA, along with an incision and drainage for the cerebral abscess. Pus cultures grew MRSA...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728924/strabismus-measurements-with-novel-video-goggles
#14
Konrad P Weber, Daniel Rappoport, Muriel Dysli, Tanja Schmückle Meier, Guy B Marks, Christopher J Bockisch, Klara Landau, Hamish G MacDougall
PURPOSE: To assess the validity of a novel, simplified, noninvasive test for strabismus using video goggles. DESIGN: Cross-sectional method comparison study in which the new test, the strabismus video goggles, is compared with the existing reference standard, the Hess screen test. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 41 adult and child patients aged ≥6 years with ocular misalignment owing to congenital or acquired paralytic or comitant strabismus and 17 healthy volunteers...
July 17, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644236/cyp1b1-cytopathy-uncommon-phenotype-of-a-homozygous-cyp1b1-deletion-as-internal-corneal-ulcer-of-von-hippel
#16
Valeria Oliva-Biénzobas, Alejandro Navas, Mirena C Astiazarán, Oscar Francisco Chacón-Camacho, Jose A Bermúdez-Magner, Mariana Takane, Enrique Graue-Hernández, Juan Carlos Zenteno
PURPOSE: To report a mutation of CYP1B1 in a newborn with a rare phenotype without the classic features of anterior segment dysgenesis or congenital glaucoma. METHODS: The newborn presented with diffuse corneal edema and bilaterally elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Ophthalmological examination, ultrasound, and ultrasound biomicroscopy were performed; congenital infections were ruled out. Genetic analysis was performed. The patient underwent penetrating keratoplasty and goniotomy in a single surgical time...
October 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632946/emerging-biomarkers-of-illness-severity-urinary-metabolites-associated-with-sepsis-and-necrotizing-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-pneumonia
#17
Lilliam Ambroggio, Todd A Florin, Samir S Shah, Richard Ruddy, Larisa Yeomans, Julie Trexel, Kathleen A Stringer
Our objective was to illustrate the potential of metabolomics to identify novel biomarkers of illness severity in a child with fatal necrotizing pneumonia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We present a case report with two control groups and a metabolomics analysis: an infant with fatal MRSA pneumonia, four children with influenza pneumonia (pneumonia control group), and seven healthy children with no known infections (healthy control group). Urine samples were collected from all children...
September 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624364/decision-making-in-swiss-home-like-childbirth-a-grounded-theory-study
#18
Yvonne Meyer, Franziska Frank, Franziska Schläppy Muntwyler, Valerie Fleming, Jessica Pehlke-Milde
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in midwifery, including a claim for shared decision-making between midwives and women, is of major significance for the health of mother and child. Midwives have little information about how to share decision-making responsibilities with women, especially when complications arise during birth. AIM: To increase understanding of decision-making in complex home-like birth settings by exploring midwives' and women's perspectives and to develop a dynamic model integrating participatory processes for making shared decisions...
June 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587872/validation-of-an-automated-tractography-method-for-the-optic-radiations-as-a-biomarker-of-visual-acuity-in-neurofibromatosis-associated-optic-pathway-glioma
#19
REVIEW
Peter de Blank, Michael J Fisher, Haley Gittleman, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Chaitra Badve, Jeffrey I Berman
INTRODUCTION: Fractional anisotropy (FA) of the optic radiations has been associated with vision deficit in multiple intrinsic brain pathologies including NF1 associated optic pathway glioma, but hand-drawn regions of interest used in previous tractography methods limit consistency of this potential biomarker. We created an automated method to identify white matter tracts in the optic radiations and compared this method to previously reported hand-drawn tractography. METHOD: Automated tractography of the optic radiation using probabilistic streamline fiber tracking between the lateral geniculate nucleus of the thalamus and the occipital cortex was compared to the hand-drawn method between regions of interest posterior to Meyer's loop and anterior to tract branching near the calcarine cortex...
June 3, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578671/serious-child-and-adolescent-behaviour-disorders-a-valuation-study-by-professionals-youth-and-parents
#20
Karin M Vermeulen, Daniëlle E M C Jansen, Erik Buskens, Erik J Knorth, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: In child and youth care, quantitative estimates of the impact of serious behaviour problems have not yet been made. Such input is needed to support decision making on investments in treatment. The aim of this paper was to elicit valuations of social and conduct disorders in children and adolescents from three different perspectives: professionals, youth, and parents. METHODS: We obtained valuations from 25 youth care professionals, 50 children (age 9-10) without serious behaviour problems and 36 adolescents (age 16-17) with and without serious behaviour disorders, and 46 parents with children in the aforementioned age categories...
June 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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