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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432112/reduction-of-severe-visual-loss-and-complications-following-intra-arterial-chemotherapy-iac-for-refractory-retinoblastoma
#1
M Ashwin Reddy, Zishan Naeem, Catriona Duncan, Fergus Robertson, Jane Herod, Adam Rennie, Alki Liasis, Dorothy Ann Thompson, Mandeep Sagoo
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for retinoblastoma has been documented as causing visual loss and ocular motility problems. A lack of safety data has precluded its acceptance in all centres. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with retinoblastoma from 2013 to 2015 who had a healthy foveola and relapsed following systemic chemotherapy. All required IAC. The correlation of complications with doses of melphalan +/- topotecan used and putative catheterisation complications was assessed...
April 21, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327110/an-assessment-of-the-impacts-of-child-oral-health-in-indonesia-and-associations-with-self-esteem-school-performance-and-perceived-employability
#2
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104697/male-birthweight-semen-quality-and-birth-outcomes
#3
B W Whitcomb, M S Bloom, S Kim, Z Chen, G M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: What are the relations among birthweight (BW), semen parameters and birth outcomes in a population-based sample? SUMMARY ANSWER: BW is unrelated to semen parameters, which are in turn unrelated to birth outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In clinical settings, there has been suggestion that semen parameters are related to BW when comparing fertile and infertile men; however, findings have been less clear in more general populations...
March 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103872/the-use-of-the-eq-5d-y-health-related-quality-of-life-outcome-measure-in-children-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-psychometric-properties-feasibility-and-usefulness-a-longitudinal-analytical-study
#4
Des Scott, Gillian D Ferguson, Jennifer Jelsma
BACKGROUND: The EQ-5D-Y, an outcome measure of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in children, was developed by an international task team in 2010. The multinational feasibility, reliability and validity study which followed was undertaken with mainly healthy children. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-Y when used to assess the HRQoL of children with different health states. METHOD: A sample of 224 children between eight and twelve years were grouped according to their health state...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902832/association-of-irritability-and-anxiety-with-the-neural-mechanisms-of-implicit-face-emotion-processing-in-youths-with-psychopathology
#5
Joel Stoddard, Wan-Ling Tseng, Pilyoung Kim, Gang Chen, Jennifer Yi, Laura Donahue, Melissa A Brotman, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
Importance: Psychiatric comorbidity complicates clinical care and confounds efforts to elucidate the pathophysiology of commonly occurring symptoms in youths. To our knowledge, few studies have simultaneously assessed the effect of 2 continuously distributed traits on brain-behavior relationships in children with psychopathology. Objective: To determine shared and unique effects of 2 major dimensions of child psychopathology, irritability and anxiety, on neural responses to facial emotions during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793520/influence-of-cartoon-media-characters-on-children-s-attention-to-and-preference-for-food-and-beverage-products
#6
Andrew D Ogle, Dan J Graham, Rachel G Lucas-Thompson, Christina A Roberto
BACKGROUND: Over-consuming unhealthful foods and beverages contributes to pediatric obesity and associated diseases. Food marketing influences children's food preferences, choices, and intake. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether adding licensed media characters to healthful food/beverage packages increases children's attention to and preference for these products. We hypothesized that children prefer less- (vs more-) healthful foods, and pay greater attention to and preferentially select products with (vs without) media characters regardless of nutritional quality...
February 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756269/acute-multifocal-hemorrhagic-retinal-vasculitis-in-a-child-a-case-report
#7
Malik Y Ghannam, Mohammed Naseemuddin, Peter Weiser, John O Mason
BACKGROUND: Acute Multifocal Hemorrhagic Retinal Vasculitis (AMHRV) is a rare disease with unknown incidence that presents with abrupt onset of visual loss associated with retinal vasculitis, retinal hemorrhage, non-confluent posterior retinal infiltrates, vitreous cellular inflammation and papillitis in, otherwise, healthy adult individuals. The reported treatment options for Acute Multifocal Hemorrhagic Retinal Vasculitis are oral corticosteroids, intravitreal ganciclovir and laser photocoagulation or vitrectomy...
October 18, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716964/immediate-neural-plasticity-involving-reaction-time-in-a-saccadic-eye-movement-task-is-intact-in-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#8
Angelina Paolozza, Douglas P Munoz, Donald Brien, James N Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Saccades are rapid eye movements that bring an image of interest onto the retina. Previous research has found that in healthy individuals performing eye movement tasks, the location of a previous visual target can influence performance of the saccade on the next trial. This rapid behavioral adaptation represents a form of immediate neural plasticity within the saccadic circuitry. Our studies have shown that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) are impaired on multiple saccade measures...
November 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617181/feasibility-accuracy-and-repeatability-of-suprathreshold-saccadic-vector-optokinetic-perimetry
#9
Ian C Murray, Lorraine A Cameron, Alice D McTrusty, Antonios Perperidis, Harry M Brash, Brian W Fleck, Robert A Minns
PURPOSE: To evaluate feasibility, accuracy, and repeatability of suprathreshold Saccadic Vector Optokinetic Perimetry (SVOP) by comparison with Humphrey Field Analyzer (HFA) perimetry. METHODS: The subjects included children with suspected field defects (n = 10, age 5-15 years), adults with field defects (n = 33, age 39-78 years), healthy children (n = 12, age 6-14 years), and healthy adults (n = 30, age 16-61 years). The test protocol comprised repeat suprathreshold SVOP and HFA testing with the C-40 test pattern...
August 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514723/school-meal-provision-health-and-cognitive-function-in-a-nordic-setting-the-promeal-study-description-of-methodology-and-the-nordic-context
#10
Maria Waling, Anna S Olafsdottir, Hanna Lagström, Hege Wergedahl, Bert Jonsson, Cecilia Olsson, Eldbjørg Fossgard, Asle Holthe, Sanna Talvia, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir, Agneta Hörnell
BACKGROUND: School meals, if both nutritious and attractive, provide a unique opportunity to improve health equality and public health. OBJECTIVE: To describe the study rationale, data collection, and background of participants in the study 'Prospects for promoting health and performance by school meals in Nordic countries' (ProMeal). The general aim was to determine whether overall healthiness of the diet and learning conditions in children can be improved by school lunches, and to capture the main concerns regarding school lunches among children in a Nordic context...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479051/relationship-between-parental-feeding-practices-and-neural-responses-to-food-cues-in-adolescents
#11
Harriet A Allen, Alison Chambers, Jacqueline Blissett, Magdalena Chechlacz, Timothy Barrett, Suzanne Higgs, Arie Nouwen
Social context, specifically within the family, influences adolescent eating behaviours and thus their health. Little is known about the specific mechanisms underlying the effects of parental feeding practices on eating. We explored relationships between parental feeding practices and adolescent eating habits and brain activity in response to viewing food images. Fifty- seven adolescents (15 with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 21 obese and 21 healthy weight controls) underwent fMRI scanning whilst viewing images of food or matched control images...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373939/a-case-of-optic-neuritis-concomitant-with-pituitary-tumor-during-pregnancy
#12
Rei Yamaguchi, Hideaki Kohga, Masahiko Tosaka, Akiko Sekine, Kazuyuki Mizushima, Yasuo Harigaya, Yuhei Yoshimoto
BACKGROUND: Optic neuritis (ON) is unilateral painful optic nerve inflammation in a young healthy female diagnosed by excluding glaucoma. ON onset during pregnancy is rare, with only 2 cases reported to date. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 35-year-old previously healthy parous woman who was pregnant with her second child suffered rapidly progressive visual acuity loss. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a pituitary tumor. Emergency surgery was performed for optic nerve compression; however, her visual impairment worsened...
September 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349039/-cerebral-blood-flow-during-neurocardiogenic-syncopes-in-children
#13
Aleksandra Gergont, Katarzyna Kurdziel, Urszula Stolarska-Weryńska
BACKGROUND: Neurocardiogenic syncope, the most common episodic event in children results from global cerebral hypoperfusion. Monitoring of the blood flow during head-up tilt-induced syncope resulted in registration of preferential reduction of end-diastolic velocities in middle cerebral arteries (MCA). The significance of those changes was however not explained. The aim of this retrospective research was to establish the significance of visual inspection of spectra changes of cerebral blood flow in MCA during presyncope and syncope in children...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320562/effects-of-pre-existing-liver-disease-on-acute-pain-management-using-patient-controlled-analgesia-fentanyl-with-parecoxib-after-major-liver-resection-a-retrospective-pragmatic-study
#14
K I Lim, Y C Chiu, C L Chen, C H Wang, C J Huang, K W Cheng, S C Wu, T H Shih, S C Yang, S E Juang, C E Huang, B Jawan, Y E Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of pain management with the use of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) fentanyl with IV parecoxib between patients with healthy liver with patients with diseased liver undergoing major liver resection. METHODS: Patients with healthy liver undergoing partial hepatectomy as liver donors for liver transplantation (group 1) and patients with liver cirrhosis (Child's criteria A) undergoing major liver resection for hepatoma (group 2) were identified retrospectively...
May 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183244/comparison-between-objective-measures-and-parental-behavioral-rating-scales-of-memory-and-attention-in-pediatric-endocrinology-patients
#15
Christine Limbers, Danielle Young, Stephanie Jernigan, William Bryant, Matt Stephen
Behavioral rating scales represent one potential method for screening of cognitive functioning in routine clinical care. It is not yet known if objective performance based measures and behavioral rating scales of cognitive functioning completed by parents yield similar information in pediatric endocrinology patients. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the associations between performance-based measures and behavioral rating scales of memory and attention/concentration completed by parents of pediatric patients with Type 1 Diabetes or obesity...
April 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061128/what-colour-are-newborns-eyes-prevalence-of-iris-colour-in-the-newborn-eye-screening-test-nest-study
#16
Cassie A Ludwig, Natalia F Callaway, Douglas R Fredrick, Mark S Blumenkranz, Darius M Moshfeghi
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the birth prevalence of iris colour among newborns in a prospective, healthy, full-term newborn cohort. METHODS: The Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) study is a prospective cohort study conducted at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University School of Medicine. A paediatric vitreoretinal specialist (DMM) reviewed images sent to the Byers Eye Institute telemedicine reading centre and recorded eye colour for every infant screened...
August 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021373/growing-healthy-children-and-communities-children-s-insights-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#17
Mónica Ruiz-Casares
A diverse group of 103 children aged 7-11 years old living in family and residential care in rural and urban settings in two northern provinces in Lao People's Democratic Republic participated in group discussions using images and community mapping. Children's identified sources of risk and protection illustrate primary public health and protection concerns and resources. Young children worried about lack of hygiene, unintentional injuries, corporal punishment, and domestic violence. They also expressed concern about gambling and children sleeping in the streets, even if they had never seen any of the latter in their communities...
May 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855976/high-performance-dna-probes-for-perinatal-detection-of-numerical-chromosome-aberrations
#18
Kalistyn H Lemke, Jingly F Weier, Heinz-Ulrich G Weier, Anna R Lawin-O'Brien
Human reproduction is a tightly controlled process of stepwise evolution with multiple, mostly yet unknown milestones and checkpoints. Healthy halpoid gametes have to be produced by the parents, which will fuse to form the diploid zygote that implants in the female uterus and grows to become first an embryo, then a fetus and finally matures into a newborn. There are several known risk factors that interfere with normal production of gametes, spermatocytes or oocytes, and often cause embryonic mortality and fetal demise at an early stage...
November 2015: Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26820665/singaporean-mothers-perception-of-their-three-year-old-child-s-weight-status-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Tuck Seng Cheng, See Ling Loy, Yin Bun Cheung, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Mya Thway Tint, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Kenneth Kwek, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Yung Seng Lee, Fabian Yap, Ngee Lek
OBJECTIVE: Inaccurate parental perception of their child's weight status is commonly reported in Western countries. It is unclear whether similar misperception exists in Asian populations. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of Singaporean mothers to accurately describe their three-year-old child's weight status verbally and visually. METHODS: At three years post-delivery, weight and height of the children were measured. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and converted into actual weight status using International Obesity Task Force criteria...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26813084/counseling-immigrant-parents-about-food-and-feeding-practices-public-health-nurses-experiences
#20
Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Kjell Sverre Pettersen, Laura Terragni, Kari Glavin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of public health nurses (PHNs) in counseling immigrant parents on food and feeding practices at child health centers (CHCs). DESIGN AND SAMPLE: In this study employing a qualitative description (QD) approach, the participants (n = 26) were PHNs from five CHCs in the greater Oslo region of Norway. MEASURES: Data were collected through five focus group interviews and examined using qualitative content analysis...
July 2016: Public Health Nursing
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