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healthy visual and school-age children

Juan Wang, Juan Zhang, Zhen-Zhen Wang, Xiao-Ying Liu, Hong Yang, Wen-Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of attention in school-age children with mild autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to provide a basis for clinical treatment. METHODS: A total of 20 school-age children with mild ASD were enrolled, and the intermediate visual and auditory continuous performance test (IVA-CPT) was used to assess their attention. A total of 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 40 healthy children were enrolled as controls...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Caroline Sterken, Jurgen Lemiere, Greet Van den Berghe, Dieter Mesotten
OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) often have neurocognitive deficits, sometimes with a detrimental impact on daily and school functioning. These deficits may increase through childhood. In this study, we investigated whether children with CHD, who underwent heart surgery as infants, show more neurocognitive deficits, especially in the executive functions, as they get older, compared with healthy controls. METHODS: In this longitudinal follow-up study, 107 children with CHD and 77 healthy control children underwent extensive neurocognitive testing at 4 years of age...
June 2016: Pediatrics
Noémie Hébert-Lalonde, Lionel Carmant, Philippe Major, Marie-Sylvie Roy, Maryse Lassonde, Dave Saint-Amour
BACKGROUND: We assessed central and peripheral visual field processing in children with epilepsy who were exposed to vigabatrin during infancy. METHODS: Steady-state visual evoked potentials and pattern electroretinograms to field-specific radial checkerboards flickering at two cycle frequencies (7.5 and 6 Hz for central and peripheral stimulations, respectively) were recorded from Oz and at the eye in seven school-age children (10.1 ± 3.5 years) exposed to vigabatrin early in life, compared with children early exposed to other antiepileptic drugs (n = 9) and healthy children (n = 8)...
June 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Cassie A Ludwig, Natalia F Callaway, Douglas R Fredrick, Mark S Blumenkranz, Darius M Moshfeghi
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the birth prevalence of iris colour among newborns in a prospective, healthy, full-term newborn cohort. METHODS: The Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) study is a prospective cohort study conducted at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University School of Medicine. A paediatric vitreoretinal specialist (DMM) reviewed images sent to the Byers Eye Institute telemedicine reading centre and recorded eye colour for every infant screened...
August 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Mónica Ruiz-Casares
A diverse group of 103 children aged 7-11 years old living in family and residential care in rural and urban settings in two northern provinces in Lao People's Democratic Republic participated in group discussions using images and community mapping. Children's identified sources of risk and protection illustrate primary public health and protection concerns and resources. Young children worried about lack of hygiene, unintentional injuries, corporal punishment, and domestic violence. They also expressed concern about gambling and children sleeping in the streets, even if they had never seen any of the latter in their communities...
May 2016: Global Public Health
Marcus Griffith, Jeana Griffith, Mellanese Cobb, Vladimir Oge
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a health care crisis according to the leading pediatric advocacy groups (National Medical Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, and American Diabetes Association) and the White House. The problem has reached epidemic proportions for all children, but it has an even greater impact on racial minorities. The subject of childhood obesity can lead to a host of medical, psychological, and social problems, including low self-esteem and discrimination...
2016: Permanente Journal
Gamal Abdel Naser Yamamah, Ahmed Ahmed Talaat Abdel Alim, Yehia Salah El Din Mostafa, Rania Ahmed Abdel Salam Ahmed, Asmaa Mahmoud Mohammed, Asmaa Mohammed Mahmoud
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in children of South Sinai, and to evaluate outcomes of rehabilitation programs. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional analysis of 2070 healthy school children screened for visual impairment from 2009 through 2010 in cities of South Sinai and their surrounding Bedouin settlements. Visual acuity (VA) was tested using Snellen charts followed by cycloplegic autorefractometry for cases with presenting VA ≤ 6/9...
2015: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Ida M Ki Moore, Philip J Lupo, Kathleen Insel, Lynnette L Harris, Alice Pasvogel, Kari M Koerner, Kristin B Adkins, Olga A Taylor, Marilyn J Hockenberry
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common pediatric cancer, and survival approaches 90%. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors are more likely than healthy peers or siblings to experience academic underachievement, yet little is known about neurocognitive predictors of academic outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to compare neurocognitive abilities to age-adjusted standardized norms, examine change over time in neurocognitive abilities, and establish neurocognitive predictors of academic outcomes...
July 2016: Cancer Nursing
Farzaneh Yazdani, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Shohreh Jalaei, Mohammad Torabi-Nami
BACKGROUND: Visual attention is known as a critical base for learning. The purpose of the present study was to design, develop and evaluate the test-retest and internal consistency reliability as well as face, content and convergent validity of the computer- based selective visual attention test (SeVAT) for healthy first-grade school children. METHODS: In the first phase of this study, the computer-based SeVAT was developed in two versions of original and parallel...
2015: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
St T Bogdănici, D Costin, Camelia-Margareta Bogdănici
AIM: To highlight the changes in the quality of life in patients with anisometric, refractive, strabic and mixed amblyopia and to assess the psychosocial implication for their family. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational transversal study of 44 ambulatory pa- tients (88 eyes) treated in the Ophthalmology Clinic of Iaşi "Sf. Spiridon" Hospital and Iaşi Stereopsis Ophthalmology Clinic. Clinical parameters: visual acuity, objective refraction (autorefractometry), optical correction type, stage of binocular vision, ocular motility, strabic deviation...
January 2015: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Chiyomi Egami, Yushiro Yamashita, Yasuhiro Tada, Chiduru Anai, Akiko Mukasa, Kotaro Yuge, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Toyojiro Matsuishi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the developmental trajectories of attention, short-term memory, and working memory in school-aged children using a 10 min test battery of cognitive function. METHODS: Participants comprised 144 typically developing children (TDC) aged 7-12 years and 24 healthy adults, divided according to age into seven groups (12 males and 12 females for each age group). Participants were assessed using CogHealth, which is a computer-based measure composed of five tasks...
October 2015: Brain & Development
Paola Letona, Violeta Chacon, Christina Roberto, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Food marketing is pervasive in high- and low/middle-income countries and is recognized as a significant risk factor for childhood obesity. Although food packaging is one of the most important marketing tools to persuade consumers at the point-of-sale, scant research has examined how it influences children's perceptions. This study was conducted in Guatemala and aimed to understand which snack foods are the most frequently purchased by children and how aspects of food packaging influence their product perceptions...
2014: BMC Public Health
Vittorio Belmonti, Giovanni Cioni, Alain Berthoz
Navigational and reaching spaces are known to involve different cognitive strategies and brain networks, whose development in humans is still debated. In fact, high-level spatial processing, including allocentric location encoding, is already available to very young children, but navigational strategies are not mature until late childhood. The Magic Carpet (MC) is a new electronic device translating the traditional Corsi Block-tapping Test (CBT) to navigational space. In this study, the MC and the CBT were used to assess spatial memory for navigation and for reaching, respectively...
July 2015: Developmental Science
E Cattelino, M Bina, A M Skanjeti, E Calandri
BACKGROUND: Body perception has been mainly studied in adolescents and adults in relation to eating disorders and obesity because such conditions are usually associated with distortion in the perception of body size. The development of body perception in children was rather neglected despite the relevance of this issue in understanding the aetiology of health eating problems. The main aim of this study was to investigate body weight and body height perception in children by gender, age and body mass index (BMI), taking into account differences among underweight, healthy weight, overweight and obese children...
November 2015: Child: Care, Health and Development
Annabell Bergemann, Jan Hinnerk Hansen, Ina Rotermann, Inga Voges, Jens Scheewe, Christine Otto-Morris, Friedemann Geiger, Hans-Heiner Kramer
OBJECTIVES: Despite advances in perioperative management during surgical treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), patients are still at risk for adverse neurodevelopmental sequelae including cognitive dysfunction. This study aimed to assess a neuropsychological profile of HLHS patients at school age who underwent the Norwood operation between 1996 and 2003 with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) or antegrade selective cerebral perfusion (ASCP), respectively. METHODS: Forty HLHS patients (DHCA: n = 11 and ASCP: n = 29) were compared with healthy controls (DHCA controls: n = 10 and ASCP controls: n = 24), recruited according to age, sex and socioeconomic status...
May 2015: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Robert L Conder, Alanna A Conder, Johna Register-Mihalik, Lauren H Conder, Shannon Newton
Visual concentration impairment after neurologic injury is frequent, making its identification a critical component of neurocognitive concussion assessment. Visual target cancellation tests such as the Penn State University Symbol Cancellation Task (PSUSCT) have been widely used in assessing professional and collegiate athletes. To date, there are no normative studies using the PSUSCT with an adolescent population. Given that 38 million children and adolescents participate in sports and an estimated 5% to 10% are concussed annually, adolescent normative data are critically needed to evaluate concussions in this vulnerable population...
2015: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Julian Hamilton-Shield, Joanna Goodred, Lesley Powell, Joanna Thorn, Jon Banks, Sandra Hollinghurst, Alan Montgomery, Katrina Turner, Debbie Sharp
BACKGROUND: Around one in five children in England is obese when they leave primary school. Thus far, it has not been demonstrated that primary care interventions to manage childhood obesity can achieve significant weight reduction. Training obese children to eat more slowly as an adjunct to other healthy lifestyle behaviour change has been shown to increase weight reduction in a hospital setting. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to test recruitment strategies, treatment adherence, clinic attendance and participants' experiences of using a device [Mandolean® (previously Mandometer®, Mikrodidakt AB, Lund, Sweden)] to slow down speed of eating as an adjunct to dietary and activity advice in treating obesity in primary school-aged children...
July 2014: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Denise Troise, Simone Yoneyama, Maria Bernadette Resende, Umbertina Reed, Gilberto Fernando Xavier, Renata Hasue
AIM: To investigate tactile perception and manual dexterity, with or without visual feedback, in males with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHOD: Forty males with DMD (mean age 9 y 8 mo, SD 2 y 3 mo; range 5-14 y), recruited from the teaching hospital of the School of Medicine of the University of São Paulo, with disease severity graded as '1' to '6' on the Vignos Scale and '1' on Brooke's Scale, and 49 healthy males (mean age 8 y 2 mo; range 5-11 y; SD 1 y 11 mo), recruited from a local education center, participated in the study...
September 2014: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Marrit M Hitzert, Elise Roze, Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel, Arend F Bos
AIM: To determine whether motor development at 3 months of age is associated with cognitive, motor, and behavioural outcomes in healthy children at early school age. METHOD: In this cohort study, we included 74 term-born, healthy children (44 males, 30 females; median gestational age 40.1 wks, range 38.0-42.6 wks). From video recordings (median 12.9 wks, range 9.3-18.6 wks), we assessed the quality of fidgety movements, and calculated a motor optimality score. At school age (median 5 y 11 mo, range 5 y 8 mo-7 y 6 mo), we performed detailed cognitive, motor, and behavioural assessments...
September 2014: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
A C Mazzonetto, G M R Fiates
In order to identify children's perceptions about food choices and their behavior as consumers and influencers of food purchases, 16 focus groups were conducted with 71 students aged 8-10 years. Transcriptions were submitted to lexical analysis using the Alceste software. The initial contextual unit broke down into 1469 elementary contextual units, 84% of which were retained in the descending hierarchical classification. Results from the larger and more specific classes are reported here. Children were students from public schools where energy-dense nutrient-poor (EDNP) food consumption was severely restricted, but these foods were still bought by the children themselves or requested from their parents...
July 2014: Appetite
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