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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543197/-clinical-effectiveness-study-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-amblyopic-children
#1
A V Dolzhich, S E Avetisov
PURPOSE: to assess the neurophysiological effect and clinical effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation in combination with drug therapy in amblyopic children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 healthy children in the age of 5-12 years and 97 patients of the same age with refractive strabismic amblyopia. All study subjects underwent standard examination including ophthalmological (visometry, refractometry in normal conditions and in cycloplegia, biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, type of vision), neurophysiological methods (determination of retinal electric sensitivity threshold, electric lability of optic nerve, amplitude and latency period of visual evoked potentials, electroencephalogram wave amplitudes, localization of peak electrical activity area of the cerebral cortex), assessment of neuropsychic development and estimation of mental development coefficient with age tests...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478104/benton-visual-form-discrimination-test-in-healthy-children-normative-data-and-qualitative-analysis
#2
Daniela Smirni, Massimiliano Oliveri, Patrizia Turriziani, Giovanni Di Martino, Pietro Smirni
The attention evaluation may be considered a crucial phase in neuropsychological assessment. It must take into account the systemic nature of the attentional functions and must use different reliable tests in relation to the neurological and attentional problems to be addressed. The aim of the study was to offer the clinician an effective tool for attention assessment and provide the normative data and performance analysis on the Benton Visual Form Discrimination Test on an Italian sample (number 323) of healthy school children, from ages 5 to 11...
February 24, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259575/visually-induced-dizziness-in-children-and-validation-of-the-pediatric-visually-induced-dizziness-questionnaire
#3
Marousa Pavlou, Susan L Whitney, Abdulaziz A Alkathiry, Marian Huett, Linda M Luxon, Ewa Raglan, Emma L Godfrey, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Aims: To develop and validate the Pediatric Visually Induced Dizziness Questionnaire (PVID) and quantify the presence and severity of visually induced dizziness (ViD), i.e., symptoms induced by visual motion stimuli including crowds and scrolling computer screens in children. Methods: 169 healthy (female n  = 89; recruited from mainstream schools, London, UK) and 114 children with a primary migraine, concussion, or vestibular disorder diagnosis (female n  = 62), aged 6-17 years, were included...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215151/brain-connectivity-in-children-is-increased-by-the-time-they-spend-reading-books-and-decreased-by-the-length-of-exposure-to-screen-based-media
#4
Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, John S Hutton
AIM: This study compared the time spent using screen-based media or reading on the functional connectivity of the reading-related brain regions in children aged 8-12. METHODS: We recruited 19 healthy American children from a private school in Cincinnati, USA, in 2015-6 after advertising the study to parents. The parents completed surveys on how many hours their children spent on independent reading and screen-based media time, including smartphones, tablets, desktop or laptop computers and television...
April 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026758/impact-of-school-health-education-program-on-personal-hygiene-among-school-children-of-lucknow-district
#5
Ruby Khatoon, Beena Sachan, Mohsin Ali Khan, J P Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Personal hygiene plays a major role to promote healthy life. This study was performed to assess the current level of knowledge and practicing behavior in regard to hand washing, bathing, tooth brushing, and taking care of nail and hair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 800 students of Lucknow district. All the students were interviewed with a structured questionnaire (pretest). A visual display of good and bad personal hygiene was shown on projector and explained the benefits of good personal hygiene behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988161/should-tumbling-e-go-out-of-date-in-amblyopia-screening-evidence-from-a-population-based-sample-normative-in-children-aged-3-4-years
#6
Sandra Guimaraes, Tiago Fernandes, Patrício Costa, Eduardo Silva
AIMS: To determine a normative of tumbling E optotype and its feasibility for visual acuity (VA) assessment in children aged 3-4 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1756 children who were invited to participate in a comprehensive non-invasive eye exam. Uncorrected monocular VA with crowded tumbling E with a comprehensive ophthalmological examination were assessed. Testability rates of the whole population and VA of the healthy children for different age subgroups, gender, school type and the order of testing in which the ophthalmological examination was performed were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776594/the-inner-retinal-structures-of-the-eyes-of-children-with-a-history-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#7
Y-S Lee, S H L Chang, S-C Wu, L-C See, S-H Chang, M-L Yang, W-C Wu
PurposeTo investigate the microstructural differences of the inner retina in the peripapillary and macular areas in children with or without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).MethodsThis prospective cohort study included school-age children with a history of ROP and age-matched healthy, full-term children. The macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC), peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), refractive status, and ocular biometry were measured. The metrics of the mGCC and associated anatomical changes were the primary outcomes...
January 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734692/respiratory-arrest-at-the-onset-of-idiopathic-childhood-occipital-epilepsy-of-gastaut
#8
Keiko Funata, Tatsuhiko Shike, Toshiki Takenouchi, Yukio Yamashita, Takao Takahashi
Occipital lobe epilepsy of childhood includes two entities: Panayiotopoulos syndrome in pre-school children, and idiopathic childhood occipital epilepsy of Gastaut (ICOEG) in school-age children. The typical initial manifestation of the former is vomiting, and that of the latter is visual hallucinations. Ictal cardiopulmonary arrest at initial presentation has been reported for Panayiotopoulos syndrome, but not for ICOEG. We document a 7-year-old previously healthy girl who experienced an acute elemental visual hallucination of seeing insects, followed by a new-onset generalized seizure...
January 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536973/the-effect-of-maternal-migraine-headache-on-their-children-s-quality-of-life
#10
Belma Doğan Güngen, Yesim Güzey Aras, Sıdıka Sinem Gül, Türkan Acar, Ayşe Burcu Ayaz, Aybala Neslihan Alagöz, Bilgehan Atılgan Acar
Migraine is an episodic disease characterized by a throbbing and generally unilateral headache, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and light and sound sensitivity. Migraine is known to affect one's quality of life; not only the person with migraine but also his/her family and social environment are affected by this condition. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal migraine on children's quality of life. The patient group comprised 70 mothers with migraine diagnoses and their 111 healthy children, while 50 healthy mothers and their 86 children were included in this study as the control group...
September 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327110/an-assessment-of-the-impacts-of-child-oral-health-in-indonesia-and-associations-with-self-esteem-school-performance-and-perceived-employability
#11
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412539/-characteristics-of-attention-in-school-age-children-with-mild-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Juan Wang, Juan Zhang, Zhen-Zhen Wang, Xiao-Ying Liu, Hong Yang, Wen-Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of attention in school-age children with mild autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to provide a basis for clinical treatment. METHODS: A total of 20 school-age children with mild ASD were enrolled, and the intermediate visual and auditory continuous performance test (IVA-CPT) was used to assess their attention. A total of 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 40 healthy children were enrolled as controls...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245833/neurocognitive-development-after-pediatric-heart-surgery
#13
Caroline Sterken, Jurgen Lemiere, Greet Van den Berghe, Dieter Mesotten
OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) often have neurocognitive deficits, sometimes with a detrimental impact on daily and school functioning. These deficits may increase through childhood. In this study, we investigated whether children with CHD, who underwent heart surgery as infants, show more neurocognitive deficits, especially in the executive functions, as they get older, compared with healthy controls. METHODS: In this longitudinal follow-up study, 107 children with CHD and 77 healthy control children underwent extensive neurocognitive testing at 4 years of age...
June 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105764/electrophysiological-evidences-of-visual-field-alterations-in-children-exposed-to-vigabatrin-early-in-life
#14
Noémie Hébert-Lalonde, Lionel Carmant, Philippe Major, Marie-Sylvie Roy, Maryse Lassonde, Dave Saint-Amour
BACKGROUND: We assessed central and peripheral visual field processing in children with epilepsy who were exposed to vigabatrin during infancy. METHODS: Steady-state visual evoked potentials and pattern electroretinograms to field-specific radial checkerboards flickering at two cycle frequencies (7.5 and 6 Hz for central and peripheral stimulations, respectively) were recorded from Oz and at the eye in seven school-age children (10.1 ± 3.5 years) exposed to vigabatrin early in life, compared with children early exposed to other antiepileptic drugs (n = 9) and healthy children (n = 8)...
June 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061128/what-colour-are-newborns-eyes-prevalence-of-iris-colour-in-the-newborn-eye-screening-test-nest-study
#15
Cassie A Ludwig, Natalia F Callaway, Douglas R Fredrick, Mark S Blumenkranz, Darius M Moshfeghi
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the birth prevalence of iris colour among newborns in a prospective, healthy, full-term newborn cohort. METHODS: The Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) study is a prospective cohort study conducted at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University School of Medicine. A paediatric vitreoretinal specialist (DMM) reviewed images sent to the Byers Eye Institute telemedicine reading centre and recorded eye colour for every infant screened...
August 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021373/growing-healthy-children-and-communities-children-s-insights-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#16
Mónica Ruiz-Casares
A diverse group of 103 children aged 7-11 years old living in family and residential care in rural and urban settings in two northern provinces in Lao People's Democratic Republic participated in group discussions using images and community mapping. Children's identified sources of risk and protection illustrate primary public health and protection concerns and resources. Young children worried about lack of hygiene, unintentional injuries, corporal punishment, and domestic violence. They also expressed concern about gambling and children sleeping in the streets, even if they had never seen any of the latter in their communities...
May 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999709/the-use-of-narrative-as-a-treatment-approach-for-obesity-a-storied-educational-program-description
#17
Marcus Griffith, Jeana Griffith, Mellanese Cobb, Vladimir Oge
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a health care crisis according to the leading pediatric advocacy groups (National Medical Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, and American Diabetes Association) and the White House. The problem has reached epidemic proportions for all children, but it has an even greater impact on racial minorities. The subject of childhood obesity can lead to a host of medical, psychological, and social problems, including low self-esteem and discrimination...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26218107/prevalence-of-visual-impairment-and-refractive-errors-in-children-of-south-sinai-egypt
#18
Gamal Abdel Naser Yamamah, Ahmed Ahmed Talaat Abdel Alim, Yehia Salah El Din Mostafa, Rania Ahmed Abdel Salam Ahmed, Asmaa Mahmoud Mohammed, Asmaa Mohammed Mahmoud
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in children of South Sinai, and to evaluate outcomes of rehabilitation programs. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional analysis of 2070 healthy school children screened for visual impairment from 2009 through 2010 in cities of South Sinai and their surrounding Bedouin settlements. Visual acuity (VA) was tested using Snellen charts followed by cycloplegic autorefractometry for cases with presenting VA ≤ 6/9...
2015: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26166361/neurocognitive-predictors-of-academic-outcomes-among-childhood-leukemia-survivors
#19
Ida M Ki Moore, Philip J Lupo, Kathleen Insel, Lynnette L Harris, Alice Pasvogel, Kari M Koerner, Kristin B Adkins, Olga A Taylor, Marilyn J Hockenberry
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common pediatric cancer, and survival approaches 90%. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors are more likely than healthy peers or siblings to experience academic underachievement, yet little is known about neurocognitive predictors of academic outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to compare neurocognitive abilities to age-adjusted standardized norms, examine change over time in neurocognitive abilities, and establish neurocognitive predictors of academic outcomes...
July 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26034737/a-computer-based-selective-visual-attention-test-for-first-grade-school-children-design-development-and-psychometric-properties
#20
Farzaneh Yazdani, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Shohreh Jalaei, Mohammad Torabi-Nami
BACKGROUND: Visual attention is known as a critical base for learning. The purpose of the present study was to design, develop and evaluate the test-retest and internal consistency reliability as well as face, content and convergent validity of the computer- based selective visual attention test (SeVAT) for healthy first-grade school children. METHODS: In the first phase of this study, the computer-based SeVAT was developed in two versions of original and parallel...
2015: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
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