keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brassica

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340752/the-effect-of-indehiscent-point-mutations-on-silique-shatter-resistance-in-oilseed-rape-brassica-napus
#1
Janina Braatz, Hans-Joachim Harloff, Nazgol Emrani, Chirlon Elisha, Lars Heepe, Stanislav N Gorb, Christian Jung
This study elucidates the influence of indehiscent mutations on rapeseed silique shatter resistance. A phenotype with enlarged replum-valve joint area and altered cell dimensions in the dehiscence zone is described. Silique shattering is a major factor reducing the yield stability of oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Attempts to improve shatter resistance often include the use of mutations in target genes identified from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). A variety of phenotyping methods assessing the level of shatter resistance were previously described...
January 16, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335853/effect-of-nonwoven-jute-agrotextile-mulch-on-soil-health-and-productivity-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-l-in-lateritic-soil
#2
Koushik Manna, Manik Chandra Kundu, Biplab Saha, Goutam Kumar Ghosh
A field experiment was conducted in winter season of 2015-2016 in the dry lateritic soil of Eastern India to study the effect of different thicknesses of nonwoven jute agrotextile mulches (NJATM) along with other mulches on soil health, growth and productivity of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L.). The experiment was conducted in randomized block design with six treatments viz., T1 (control, i.e. no mulching), T2 (300 gsm NJATM), T3 (350 gsm NJATM), T4 (400 gsm NJATM), T5 (rice straw) and T6 (black polythene mulch), each of which was replicated four times...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333379/broccoli-brassica-oleracea-reduces-oxidative-damage-to-pancreatic-tissue-and-combats-hyperglycaemia-in-diabetic-rats
#3
Sithara Suresh, Mostafa Ibrahim Waly, Mohammad Shafiur Rahman, Nejib Guizani, Mohamed Abdullah Badar Al-Kindi, Halima Khalfan Ahmed Al-Issaei, Sultan Nasser Mohd Al-Maskari, Bader Rashid Said Al-Ruqaishi, Ahmed Al-Salami
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the development of diabetes and hyperglycaemia. The protective effects of natural extracts against diabetes are mainly dependent on their antioxidant and hypoglycaemic properties. Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) exerts beneficial health effects in several diseases including diabetes; however, the mechanism has not been elucidated yet. The present study was carried out to evaluate the potential hypoglycaemic and antioxidant properties of aqueous broccoli extracts (BEs) in diabetic rats...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331880/preventive-effects-of-indole-3-carbinol-against-alcohol-induced-liver-injury-in-mice-via-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-apoptotic-mechanisms-role-of-gut-liver-adipose-tissue-axis
#4
Youngshim Choi, Mohamed A Abdelmegeed, Byoung-Joon Song
Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), found in Brassica family vegetables, exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancerous properties. Here, we aimed to evaluate the preventive effects of I3C against ethanol (EtOH)-induced liver injury and study the protective mechanism(s) by using the well-established chronic-plus-binge alcohol exposure model. The preventive effects of I3C were evaluated by conducting various histological, biochemical, and real-time PCR analyses in mouse liver, adipose tissue, and colon, since functional alterations of adipose tissue and intestine can also participate in promoting EtOH-induced liver damage...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331819/new-strategy-for-determination-of-anthocyanins-polyphenols-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-brassica-oleracea-liquid-extract-using-infrared-spectroscopies-and-multivariate-regression
#5
Isadora R N de Oliveira, Jussara V Roque, Mariza P Maia, Paulo C Stringheta, Reinaldo F Teófilo
A new method was developed to determine the antioxidant properties of red cabbage extract (Brassica oleracea) by mid (MID) and near (NIR) infrared spectroscopies and partial least squares (PLS) regression. A 70% (v/v) ethanolic extract of red cabbage was concentrated to 9° Brix and further diluted (12 to 100%) in water. The dilutions were used as external standards for the building of PLS models. For the first time, this strategy was applied for building multivariate regression models. Reference analyses and spectral data were obtained from diluted extracts...
January 4, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330918/leptosphaeria-maculans-avrlm9-a-new-player-in-the-game-of-hide-and-seek-with-avrlm4-7
#6
Kaveh Ghanbarnia, Lisong Ma, Nicholas J Larkan, Parham Haddadi, W G Dilantha Fernando, M Hossein Borhan
Blackleg disease of Brassica napus caused by Leptosphaeria maculans (Lm) is largely controlled by deploying race-specific resistance (R) genes. However, selection pressure exerted by R genes causes Lm to adapt and give rise to new virulent strains through mutation and deletion of effector genes. Therefore, knowledge of effector gene function is necessary for effective management of the disease. Here we report cloning of Lm effector AvrLm9 that is recognised by the resistance gene Rlm9 in B. napus cultivar Goéland...
January 13, 2018: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330468/alteration-in-yield-and-oil-quality-traits-of-winter-rapeseed-by-lodging-at-different-planting-density-and-nitrogen-rates
#7
Shahbaz Khan, Sumera Anwar, Jie Kuai, Ali Noman, Muhammad Shahid, Mairaj Din, Ahmed Ali, Guangsheng Zhou
Lodging is a factor that negatively affects yield, seed quality, and harvest ability in winter rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). In this study, we quantified the lodging-induced yield losses, changes in fatty acid composition, and oil quality in rapeseed under different nitrogen application rates and planting densities. Field experiments were conducted in 2014-2017 for studying the effect of manually-induced lodging angles (0°, 30°, 60°, and 90°), 10, 20 and 30 d post-flowering at different densities and nitrogen application rates...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324881/genome-wide-analysis-and-expression-profiles-of-glyoxalase-gene-families-in-chinese-cabbage-brassica-rapa-l
#8
Guixin Yan, Xin Xiao, Nian Wang, Fugui Zhang, Guizhen Gao, Kun Xu, Biyun Chen, Jiangwei Qiao, Xiaoming Wu
The glyoxalase pathway is composed of glyoxalase I (GLYI) and glyoxalase II (GLYII) and is responsible for the detoxification of a cytotoxic metabolite methylglyoxal (MG) into the nontoxic S-D-lactoylglutathione. The two glyoxalase enzymes play a crucial role in stress tolerance in various plant species. Recently, the GLY gene families have well been analyzed in Arabidopsis, rice and soybean, however, little is known about them in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa). Here, 16 BrGLYI and 15 BrGLYII genes were identified in the B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321551/aster-leafhopper-survival-and-reproduction-and-aster-yellows-transmission-under-static-and-fluctuating-temperatures-using-ddpcr-for-phytoplasma-quantification
#9
Md H Bahar, Tyler J Wist, Diana R Bekkaoui, Dwayne D Hegedus, Chrystel Y Olivier
Aster yellows (AY) is an important disease of Brassica crops and is caused by Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris and transmitted by the insect vector, Aster leafhopper (Macrosteles quadrilineatus). Phytoplasma-infected Aster leafhoppers were incubated at various constant and fluctuating temperatures ranging from 0 to 35 °C with the reproductive host plant barley (Hordium vulgare). At 0 °C, leafhopper adults survived for 18 days, but failed to reproduce, whereas at 35 °C insects died within 18 days, but successfully reproduced before dying...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320498/molecular-mapping-of-qtl-alleles-of-brassica-oleracea-affecting-days-to-flowering-and-photosensitivity-in-spring-brassica-napus
#10
Habibur Rahman, Rick A Bennett, Berisso Kebede
Earliness of flowering and maturity are important traits in spring Brassica napus canola-whether grown under long- or short-day condition. By use of a spring B. napus mapping population carrying the genome content of B. oleracea and testing this population under 10 to 18 h photoperiod and 18 to 20 0C (day) temperature conditions, we identified a major QTL on the chromosome C1 affecting flowering time without being influenced by photoperiod and temperature, and a major QTL on C9 affecting flowering time under a short photoperiod (10 h); in both cases, the QTL alleles reducing the number of days to flowering in B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319228/mobility-affects-copulation-and-oviposition-dynamics-in-pieris-brassicae-in-semi-natural-cages
#11
Nicolas Larranaga, Michel Baguette, Olivier Calvez, Delphine Legrand
When, how often and for how long organisms mate can have strong consequences for individual fitness and are crucial aspects of evolutionary ecology. Such determinants are likely to be of even greater importance in monandrous species and species with short adult life stages. Previous work suggests that mobility, a key dispersal-related trait, may affect the dynamics of copulations, but few studies have investigated the impact of individual mobility on mating latency, copulation duration and oviposition latency simultaneously...
January 10, 2018: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315681/statistical-modeling-for-estimating-glucosinolate-content-in-chinese-cabbage-by-growth-conditions
#12
Do-Gyun Kim, Joon-Yong Shim, Myung-Jun Ko, Sun-Ok Chung, Milon Chowdhury, Wang-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Glucosinolate in Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. pekinensis (Lour.) Rupr) has potential benefits for human health, and its content is affected by growth conditions. In this study, we used a statistical model to identify the relationship between glucosinolate content and growth conditions, and to predict glucosinolate content in Chinese cabbage. RESULT: Multiple-regression analysis was employed to develop the model's growth condition parameters of growing period, temperature, humidity, and glucosinolate content measured in Chinese cabbage grown in a plant factory...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315593/unraveling-the-metabolic-response-of-brassica-oleracea-exposed-to-xanthomonas-campestris-pv-campestris
#13
María Tortosa, María E Cartea, Víctor M Rodríguez, Pablo Velasco
BACKGROUND: Brassica crops together with cereals represent the basis of world supplies. Due to their importance, the production losses caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) infection represent a high economic impact. Understanding molecular and biochemical mechanisms of plants is essential to develop resistant crops with durable protection against diseases. In this regard, metabolomics has emerged as a valuable technology to provide an overview of the biological status of a plant exposed to a disease...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310309/chromatographic-column-evaluation-for-the-untargeted-profiling-of-glucosinolates-in-cauliflower-by-means-of-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#14
Anna Laura Capriotti, Chiara Cavaliere, Giorgia La Barbera, Carmela Maria Montone, Susy Piovesana, Riccardo Zenezini Chiozzi, Aldo Laganà
The untargeted profiling is a promising approach for the characterization of secondary metabolites in biological matrices. Thanks to the recent rapid development of high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) instrumentations, the number of applications by untargeted approaches for biological samples profiling has widely increased in the recent years. Despite the high potentialities of HRMS, however, a major issue in natural products analysis often arises in the upstream process of compounds separation. A separation technique is necessary to avoid phenomena such as signal suppression, and it is especially needed in the presence of isomeric metabolites, which are otherwise indistinguishable...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307179/comparison-of-adaptive-neuroprotective-mechanisms-of-sulforaphane-and-its-interconversion-product-erucin-in-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-models-of-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Fabiana Morroni, Giulia Sita, Alice Djemil, Massimo D'Amico, Letizia Pruccoli, Giorgio Forti, Patrizia Hrelia, Andrea Tarozzi
Several studies suggest that an increase of glutathione (GSH) through activation of the transcriptional nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) in the dopaminergic neurons may be a promising neuroprotective strategy in Parkinson's disease (PD). Among Nrf2 activators, isothiocyanate sulforaphane (SFN), derived from precursor glucosinolate present in Brassica vegetables, has gained attention as a potential neuroprotective compound. Bioavailability studies also suggest the contribution of SFN metabolites, including erucin (ERN), to the neuroprotective effects of SFN...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307138/mismm-an-integrated-pipeline-for-misassembly-detection-using-genotyping-by-sequencing-and-its-validation-with-bac-end-library-sequences-and-gene-synteny
#16
Young-Joon Ko, Jung Sun Kim, Sangsoo Kim
As next-generation sequencing technologies have advanced, enormous amounts of whole-genome sequence information in various species have been released. However, it is still difficult to assemble the whole genome precisely, due to inherent limitations of short-read sequencing technologies. In particular, the complexities of plants are incomparable to those of microorganisms or animals because of whole-genome duplications, repeat insertions, and Numt insertions, etc. In this study, we describe a new method for detecting misassembly sequence regions of Brassica rapa with genotyping-by-sequencing, followed by MadMapper clustering...
December 2017: Genomics & Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304736/transcriptome-analysis-of-response-to-plasmodiophora-brassicae-infection-in-the-arabidopsis-shoot-and-root
#17
Solmaz Irani, Brett Trost, Matthew Waldner, Naghabushana Nayidu, Jiangying Tu, Anthony J Kusalik, Christopher D Todd, Yangdou Wei, Peta C Bonham-Smith
BACKGROUND: Clubroot is an important disease caused by the obligate parasite Plasmodiophora brassicae that infects the Brassicaceae. As a soil-borne pathogen, P. brassicae induces the generation of abnormal tissue in the root, resulting in the formation of galls. Root infection negatively affects the uptake of water and nutrients in host plants, severely reducing their growth and productivity. Many studies have emphasized the molecular and physiological effects of the clubroot disease on root tissues...
January 5, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301015/transcript-levels-of-orf288-are-associated-with-the-hau-cytoplasmic-male-sterility-system-and-altered-nuclear-gene-expression-in-brassica-juncea
#18
Shuangping Heng, Jie Gao, Chao Wei, Fengyi Chen, Xianwen Li, Jing Wen, Bin Yi, Chaozhi Ma, Jinxing Tu, Tingdong Fu, Jinxiong Shen
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is primarily caused by chimeric genes located in the mitochondrial genomes. In Brassica juncea, orf288 has been identified as a CMS-associated gene in the hau CMS line; however, neither the specific abortive stage nor the molecular function of the gene have been determined. We therefore characterized the hau CMS line, and found that defective mitochondria affect the development of archesporial cells during the L2 stage, leading to male sterility. The expression level of the orf288 transcript was higher in the male-sterility line than in the fertility-restorer line, although no significant differences were apparent at the protein level...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299393/de-novo-transcriptome-reconstruction-of-a-thermo-sensitive-male-sterility-mutant-in-rapeseed-brassica-napus-brassicaceae
#19
Xi-Qiong Liu, Cheng-Yu Yu, Jun-Gang Dong, Ai-Xia Xu, Sheng-Wu Hu
Premise of the study: SP2S is a spontaneous thermo-sensitive genic male sterility (TGMS) mutation that facilitates two-line hybrid breeding in Brassica napus (Brassicaceae). De novo assembly of the floral bud transcriptome of SP2S can provide a foundation for deciphering the transcriptional regulation of SP2S in response to temperature change. Methods: mRNAs of the young floral buds of SP2S and its near-isogenic line SP2F grown under cool (16°C)/warm (22°C) conditions were sequenced on an Illumina Solexa platform, producing 239...
December 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298909/evolution-of-the-spx-gene-family-in-plants-and-its-role-in-the-response-mechanism-to-phosphorus-stress
#20
REVIEW
Na Liu, Wenyan Shang, Chuang Li, Lihua Jia, Xin Wang, Guozhen Xing, WenMing Zheng
Molecular and genomic studies have shown the presence of a large number of SPX gene family members in plants, some of which have been proved to act in P signalling and homeostasis. In this study, the molecular and evolutionary characteristics of the SPX gene family in plants were comprehensively analysed, and the mechanisms underlying the function of SPX genes in P signalling and homeostasis in the model plant species Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and rice (Oryza sativa), and in important crops, including wheat (Triticum aestivum), soya beans (Glycine max) and rapeseed (Brassica napus), were described...
January 2018: Open Biology
keyword
keyword
5149
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"