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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412539/-characteristics-of-attention-in-school-age-children-with-mild-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Juan Wang, Juan Zhang, Zhen-Zhen Wang, Xiao-Ying Liu, Hong Yang, Wen-Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of attention in school-age children with mild autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to provide a basis for clinical treatment. METHODS: A total of 20 school-age children with mild ASD were enrolled, and the intermediate visual and auditory continuous performance test (IVA-CPT) was used to assess their attention. A total of 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 40 healthy children were enrolled as controls...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245833/neurocognitive-development-after-pediatric-heart-surgery
#2
Caroline Sterken, Jurgen Lemiere, Greet Van den Berghe, Dieter Mesotten
OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) often have neurocognitive deficits, sometimes with a detrimental impact on daily and school functioning. These deficits may increase through childhood. In this study, we investigated whether children with CHD, who underwent heart surgery as infants, show more neurocognitive deficits, especially in the executive functions, as they get older, compared with healthy controls. METHODS: In this longitudinal follow-up study, 107 children with CHD and 77 healthy control children underwent extensive neurocognitive testing at 4 years of age...
June 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105764/electrophysiological-evidences-of-visual-field-alterations-in-children-exposed-to-vigabatrin-early-in-life
#3
Noémie Hébert-Lalonde, Lionel Carmant, Philippe Major, Marie-Sylvie Roy, Maryse Lassonde, Dave Saint-Amour
BACKGROUND: We assessed central and peripheral visual field processing in children with epilepsy who were exposed to vigabatrin during infancy. METHODS: Steady-state visual evoked potentials and pattern electroretinograms to field-specific radial checkerboards flickering at two cycle frequencies (7.5 and 6 Hz for central and peripheral stimulations, respectively) were recorded from Oz and at the eye in seven school-age children (10.1 ± 3.5 years) exposed to vigabatrin early in life, compared with children early exposed to other antiepileptic drugs (n = 9) and healthy children (n = 8)...
June 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088040/sleep-promotion-program-for-improving-sleep-behaviors-in-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#4
Bindu John, Sumanth Shetty Bellipady, Shrinivasa Undaru Bhat
Aims. The purpose of this pilot trial was to determine the efficacy of sleep promotion program to adapt it for the use of adolescents studying in various schools of Mangalore, India, and evaluate the feasibility issues before conducting a randomized controlled trial in a larger sample of adolescents. Methods. A randomized controlled trial design with stratified random sampling method was used. Fifty-eight adolescents were selected (mean age: 14.02 ± 2.15 years; intervention group, n = 34; control group, n = 24)...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061128/what-colour-are-newborns-eyes-prevalence-of-iris-colour-in-the-newborn-eye-screening-test-nest-study
#5
Cassie A Ludwig, Natalia F Callaway, Douglas R Fredrick, Mark S Blumenkranz, Darius M Moshfeghi
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the birth prevalence of iris colour among newborns in a prospective, healthy, full-term newborn cohort. METHODS: The Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) study is a prospective cohort study conducted at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University School of Medicine. A paediatric vitreoretinal specialist (DMM) reviewed images sent to the Byers Eye Institute telemedicine reading centre and recorded eye colour for every infant screened...
August 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021373/growing-healthy-children-and-communities-children-s-insights-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#6
Mónica Ruiz-Casares
A diverse group of 103 children aged 7-11 years old living in family and residential care in rural and urban settings in two northern provinces in Lao People's Democratic Republic participated in group discussions using images and community mapping. Children's identified sources of risk and protection illustrate primary public health and protection concerns and resources. Young children worried about lack of hygiene, unintentional injuries, corporal punishment, and domestic violence. They also expressed concern about gambling and children sleeping in the streets, even if they had never seen any of the latter in their communities...
May 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999709/the-use-of-narrative-as-a-treatment-approach-for-obesity-a-storied-educational-program-description
#7
Marcus Griffith, Jeana Griffith, Mellanese Cobb, Vladimir Oge
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a health care crisis according to the leading pediatric advocacy groups (National Medical Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, and American Diabetes Association) and the White House. The problem has reached epidemic proportions for all children, but it has an even greater impact on racial minorities. The subject of childhood obesity can lead to a host of medical, psychological, and social problems, including low self-esteem and discrimination...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26234745/under-pressure-adolescent-substance-users-show-exaggerated-neural-processing-of-aversive-interoceptive-stimuli
#8
Lotte Berk, Jennifer L Stewart, April C May, Reinout W Wiers, Paul W Davenport, Martin P Paulus, Susan F Tapert
AIMS: Adolescents with substance use disorders (SUD) exhibit hyposensitivity to pleasant internally generated (interoceptive) stimuli and hypersensitivity to external rewarding stimuli. It is unclear whether similar patterns exist for aversive interoceptive stimuli. We compared activation in the insular cortex and other brain regions during the anticipation and experience of aversive stimuli between adolescents with SUD and those without. DESIGN: Cross-sectional experimental study with two groups...
December 2015: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26218107/prevalence-of-visual-impairment-and-refractive-errors-in-children-of-south-sinai-egypt
#9
Gamal Abdel Naser Yamamah, Ahmed Ahmed Talaat Abdel Alim, Yehia Salah El Din Mostafa, Rania Ahmed Abdel Salam Ahmed, Asmaa Mahmoud Mohammed, Asmaa Mohammed Mahmoud
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in children of South Sinai, and to evaluate outcomes of rehabilitation programs. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional analysis of 2070 healthy school children screened for visual impairment from 2009 through 2010 in cities of South Sinai and their surrounding Bedouin settlements. Visual acuity (VA) was tested using Snellen charts followed by cycloplegic autorefractometry for cases with presenting VA ≤ 6/9...
2015: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26166361/neurocognitive-predictors-of-academic-outcomes-among-childhood-leukemia-survivors
#10
Ida M Ki Moore, Philip J Lupo, Kathleen Insel, Lynnette L Harris, Alice Pasvogel, Kari M Koerner, Kristin B Adkins, Olga A Taylor, Marilyn J Hockenberry
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common pediatric cancer, and survival approaches 90%. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors are more likely than healthy peers or siblings to experience academic underachievement, yet little is known about neurocognitive predictors of academic outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to compare neurocognitive abilities to age-adjusted standardized norms, examine change over time in neurocognitive abilities, and establish neurocognitive predictors of academic outcomes...
July 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26034737/a-computer-based-selective-visual-attention-test-for-first-grade-school-children-design-development-and-psychometric-properties
#11
Farzaneh Yazdani, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Shohreh Jalaei, Mohammad Torabi-Nami
BACKGROUND: Visual attention is known as a critical base for learning. The purpose of the present study was to design, develop and evaluate the test-retest and internal consistency reliability as well as face, content and convergent validity of the computer- based selective visual attention test (SeVAT) for healthy first-grade school children. METHODS: In the first phase of this study, the computer-based SeVAT was developed in two versions of original and parallel...
2015: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25970969/quality-of-life-for-amblyopic-children-and-their-parents
#12
St T Bogdănici, D Costin, Camelia-Margareta Bogdănici
AIM: To highlight the changes in the quality of life in patients with anisometric, refractive, strabic and mixed amblyopia and to assess the psychosocial implication for their family. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational transversal study of 44 ambulatory pa- tients (88 eyes) treated in the Ophthalmology Clinic of Iaşi "Sf. Spiridon" Hospital and Iaşi Stereopsis Ophthalmology Clinic. Clinical parameters: visual acuity, objective refraction (autorefractometry), optical correction type, stage of binocular vision, ocular motility, strabic deviation...
January 2015: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25851805/developmental-trajectories-for-attention-and-working-memory-in-healthy-japanese-school-aged-children
#13
Chiyomi Egami, Yushiro Yamashita, Yasuhiro Tada, Chiduru Anai, Akiko Mukasa, Kotaro Yuge, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Toyojiro Matsuishi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the developmental trajectories of attention, short-term memory, and working memory in school-aged children using a 10 min test battery of cognitive function. METHODS: Participants comprised 144 typically developing children (TDC) aged 7-12 years and 24 healthy adults, divided according to age into seven groups (12 males and 12 females for each age group). Participants were assessed using CogHealth, which is a computer-based measure composed of five tasks...
October 2015: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25511663/a-qualitative-study-of-children-s-snack-food-packaging-perceptions-and-preferences
#14
Paola Letona, Violeta Chacon, Christina Roberto, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Food marketing is pervasive in high- and low/middle-income countries and is recognized as a significant risk factor for childhood obesity. Although food packaging is one of the most important marketing tools to persuade consumers at the point-of-sale, scant research has examined how it influences children's perceptions. This study was conducted in Guatemala and aimed to understand which snack foods are the most frequently purchased by children and how aspects of food packaging influence their product perceptions...
2014: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25481217/a-mobile-application-for-cognitive-screening-of-dementia
#15
Gokhan Zorluoglu, Mustafa E Kamasak, Leyla Tavacioglu, Pinar O Ozanar
Neuropsychological assessment tests have an important role in early detection of dementia. Therefore, we designed and implemented a test battery for mobile devices that can be used for mobile cognitive screening (MCS). This battery consists of 33 questions from 14 type of tests for the assessment of 8 different cognitive functions: Arithmetic, orientation, abstraction, attention, memory, language, visual, and executive functions. This test battery is implemented as an application for mobile devices that operates on Android OS...
February 2015: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25443319/switching-from-reaching-to-navigation-differential-cognitive-strategies-for-spatial-memory-in-children-and-adults
#16
Vittorio Belmonti, Giovanni Cioni, Alain Berthoz
Navigational and reaching spaces are known to involve different cognitive strategies and brain networks, whose development in humans is still debated. In fact, high-level spatial processing, including allocentric location encoding, is already available to very young children, but navigational strategies are not mature until late childhood. The Magic Carpet (MC) is a new electronic device translating the traditional Corsi Block-tapping Test (CBT) to navigational space. In this study, the MC and the CBT were used to assess spatial memory for navigation and for reaching, respectively...
July 2015: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25404534/anthropometric-characteristics-of-primary-school-aged-children-accuracy-of-perception-and-differences-by-gender-age-and-bmi
#17
E Cattelino, M Bina, A M Skanjeti, E Calandri
BACKGROUND: Body perception has been mainly studied in adolescents and adults in relation to eating disorders and obesity because such conditions are usually associated with distortion in the perception of body size. The development of body perception in children was rather neglected despite the relevance of this issue in understanding the aetiology of health eating problems. The main aim of this study was to investigate body weight and body height perception in children by gender, age and body mass index (BMI), taking into account differences among underweight, healthy weight, overweight and obese children...
November 2015: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25371639/effects-of-fasting-on-intraocular-pressure-in-a-black-population
#18
Mustapha B Hassan, Michaeline A Isawumi
INTRODUCTION: There is a dearth of literature available on the effects of fasting on Intraocular pressure (IOP) among all races and worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of fasting on IOP in a black African population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based survey utilizing multistage random sampling techniques was carried out among healthy adult Muslims who were examined before and during Ramadan fast in Osogbo, Nigeria. Demographics were obtained, visual acuities, clinical examination of both eyes, and IOPs were done...
October 2014: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25360703/functional-and-morphological-effects-of-systemic-bevacizumab-on-cancer-patients-eyes
#19
Burcin Kepez Yildiz, Sengul Ozdek, Umut Demirci, Kubra Serbest Ceylanoglu, M C Ozmen, Meltem Baykara, Suleyman Buyukberber, Ugur Coskun, Mustafa Benekli
PURPOSE: To evaluate the morphological and functional short-term effects of systemic bevacizumab on healthy eyes of cancer patients morphologically and functionally. METHODS: The patients who underwent a chemotherapy regimen because of colon, lung, and breast cancer at the Department of Medical Oncology of the Gazi University School of Medicine between years 2010 and 2012 were included. All patients were administrated intravenous bevacizumab in three different dosages (5, 7...
January 2015: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25340045/early-visual-attention-in-preterm-and-fullterm-infants-in-relation-to-cognitive-and-motor-outcomes-at-school-age-an-exploratory-study
#20
Marrit M Hitzert, Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel, Arend F Bos, Sabine Hunnius, Reint H Geuze
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants are exposed to the visual environment earlier than fullterm infants, but whether early exposure affects later development is unclear. Our aim was to investigate whether the development of visual disengagement capacity during the first 6 months postterm was associated with cognitive and motor outcomes at school age, and whether associations differed between fullterms and low-risk preterms. METHOD: Seventeen fullterms and ten low-risk preterms were tested in a gaze shifting task every 4 weeks until 6 months postterm...
2014: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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