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healthy visual and school age

Katelyn M Holliday, Annie Green Howard, Michael Emch, Daniel A Rodríguez, Wayne D Rosamond, Kelly R Evenson
Increasing physical activity (PA) at the population level requires appropriately targeting intervention development. Identifying the locations in which participants with various sociodemographic, body weight, and geographic characteristics tend to engage in varying intensities of PA as well as locations these populations underutilize for PA may facilitate this process. A visual location-coding protocol was developed and implemented in Google Fusion Tables and Maps using data from participants (N = 223, age 18-85) in five states...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Belma Doğan Güngen, Yesim Güzey Aras, Sıdıka Sinem Gül, Türkan Acar, Ayşe Burcu Ayaz, Aybala Neslihan Alagöz, Bilgehan Atılgan Acar
Migraine is an episodic disease characterized by a throbbing and generally unilateral headache, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and light and sound sensitivity. Migraine is known to affect one's quality of life; not only the person with migraine but also his/her family and social environment are affected by this condition. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal migraine on children's quality of life. The patient group comprised 70 mothers with migraine diagnoses and their 111 healthy children, while 50 healthy mothers and their 86 children were included in this study as the control group...
May 23, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
Tyler J Oberlander, Bernadette L Olson, Lee Weidauer
CONTEXT:   The King-Devick (KD) test is a screening tool designed to assess cognitive visual impairments, namely saccadic rhythm, postconcussion. Test-retest reliability of the KD in a healthy adolescent population has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the overall test-retest reliability of the KD among a sample of healthy adolescents. Additionally, we sought to determine if sex and age influenced reliability. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
N V O Bento-Torres, J Bento-Torres, A M Tomás, V O Costa, P G R Corrêa, C N M Costa, N Y V Jardim, C W Picanço-Diniz
Few studies have examined the influence of a low level of schooling on age-related cognitive decline in countries with wide social and economic inequalities by using the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery (CANTAB). The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of schooling on age-related cognitive decline using unbiased cognitive tests. CANTAB allows cognitive assessment across cultures and education levels with reduced interference of the examiner during data acquisition. Using two-way ANOVA, we assessed the influences of age and education on test scores of old adults (61-84 years of age)...
March 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
Hosein Shabani Mirzaee, Asieh Mosallanejad, Ali Rabbani, Aria Setoodeh, Farzaneh Abbasi, Fatemeh Sayarifard, Amir Hosein Memari
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on sexual maturation among girls with intellectual, sensory, or physical disabilities. OBJECTIVES: The present cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the sexual maturation of girls with these disabilities in special schools. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the onset and progression of sexual maturation in 642 six to 18-year-old girls with intellectual, sensory, or physical disabilities from special schools in Tehran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Megan Elizabeth Evelyn Mormile, Tamerah N Hunt
Research in collegiate athletes has revealed significant gender differences in areas of verbal memory, visual memory, and reaction time. Additionally, research has focused on differences in neuropsychological components and gender in collegiate populations; however, such differences in gender have not been documented in healthy adolescent populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify potential differences between males and females using different components of a common computerized neuropsychological test...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Juan Wang, Juan Zhang, Zhen-Zhen Wang, Xiao-Ying Liu, Hong Yang, Wen-Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of attention in school-age children with mild autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to provide a basis for clinical treatment. METHODS: A total of 20 school-age children with mild ASD were enrolled, and the intermediate visual and auditory continuous performance test (IVA-CPT) was used to assess their attention. A total of 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 40 healthy children were enrolled as controls...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Caroline Sterken, Jurgen Lemiere, Greet Van den Berghe, Dieter Mesotten
OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) often have neurocognitive deficits, sometimes with a detrimental impact on daily and school functioning. These deficits may increase through childhood. In this study, we investigated whether children with CHD, who underwent heart surgery as infants, show more neurocognitive deficits, especially in the executive functions, as they get older, compared with healthy controls. METHODS: In this longitudinal follow-up study, 107 children with CHD and 77 healthy control children underwent extensive neurocognitive testing at 4 years of age...
June 2016: Pediatrics
Noémie Hébert-Lalonde, Lionel Carmant, Philippe Major, Marie-Sylvie Roy, Maryse Lassonde, Dave Saint-Amour
BACKGROUND: We assessed central and peripheral visual field processing in children with epilepsy who were exposed to vigabatrin during infancy. METHODS: Steady-state visual evoked potentials and pattern electroretinograms to field-specific radial checkerboards flickering at two cycle frequencies (7.5 and 6 Hz for central and peripheral stimulations, respectively) were recorded from Oz and at the eye in seven school-age children (10.1 ± 3.5 years) exposed to vigabatrin early in life, compared with children early exposed to other antiepileptic drugs (n = 9) and healthy children (n = 8)...
June 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Bindu John, Sumanth Shetty Bellipady, Shrinivasa Undaru Bhat
Aims. The purpose of this pilot trial was to determine the efficacy of sleep promotion program to adapt it for the use of adolescents studying in various schools of Mangalore, India, and evaluate the feasibility issues before conducting a randomized controlled trial in a larger sample of adolescents. Methods. A randomized controlled trial design with stratified random sampling method was used. Fifty-eight adolescents were selected (mean age: 14.02 ± 2.15 years; intervention group, n = 34; control group, n = 24)...
2016: Scientifica
Cassie A Ludwig, Natalia F Callaway, Douglas R Fredrick, Mark S Blumenkranz, Darius M Moshfeghi
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the birth prevalence of iris colour among newborns in a prospective, healthy, full-term newborn cohort. METHODS: The Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) study is a prospective cohort study conducted at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University School of Medicine. A paediatric vitreoretinal specialist (DMM) reviewed images sent to the Byers Eye Institute telemedicine reading centre and recorded eye colour for every infant screened...
August 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Mónica Ruiz-Casares
A diverse group of 103 children aged 7-11 years old living in family and residential care in rural and urban settings in two northern provinces in Lao People's Democratic Republic participated in group discussions using images and community mapping. Children's identified sources of risk and protection illustrate primary public health and protection concerns and resources. Young children worried about lack of hygiene, unintentional injuries, corporal punishment, and domestic violence. They also expressed concern about gambling and children sleeping in the streets, even if they had never seen any of the latter in their communities...
May 2016: Global Public Health
Marcus Griffith, Jeana Griffith, Mellanese Cobb, Vladimir Oge
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a health care crisis according to the leading pediatric advocacy groups (National Medical Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, and American Diabetes Association) and the White House. The problem has reached epidemic proportions for all children, but it has an even greater impact on racial minorities. The subject of childhood obesity can lead to a host of medical, psychological, and social problems, including low self-esteem and discrimination...
2016: Permanente Journal
Cristina Rodríguez Fernández, Daniel Mata Zubillaga, Luis Miguel Rodríguez Fernández, Laura Regueras Santos, Maria Mercedes Reguera García, José Antonio de Paz Fernández, Santiago Lapeña López de Armentia
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies show that many preterm children without apparent neurological sequelae present some difficulties in different areas, such as coordination or balance during their school years. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) has demonstrated to be a useful tool to validate the coordination, while the stabilometric platform was the reference standard test for validating the balance. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Case-control study carried out on preterm children from 7 to 10 years old and healthy term infant controls of the same ages...
August 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Lotte Berk, Jennifer L Stewart, April C May, Reinout W Wiers, Paul W Davenport, Martin P Paulus, Susan F Tapert
AIMS: Adolescents with substance use disorders (SUD) exhibit hyposensitivity to pleasant internally generated (interoceptive) stimuli and hypersensitivity to external rewarding stimuli. It is unclear whether similar patterns exist for aversive interoceptive stimuli. We compared activation in the insular cortex and other brain regions during the anticipation and experience of aversive stimuli between adolescents with SUD and those without. DESIGN: Cross-sectional experimental study with two groups...
December 2015: Addiction
Gamal Abdel Naser Yamamah, Ahmed Ahmed Talaat Abdel Alim, Yehia Salah El Din Mostafa, Rania Ahmed Abdel Salam Ahmed, Asmaa Mahmoud Mohammed, Asmaa Mohammed Mahmoud
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in children of South Sinai, and to evaluate outcomes of rehabilitation programs. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional analysis of 2070 healthy school children screened for visual impairment from 2009 through 2010 in cities of South Sinai and their surrounding Bedouin settlements. Visual acuity (VA) was tested using Snellen charts followed by cycloplegic autorefractometry for cases with presenting VA ≤ 6/9...
2015: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Ida M Ki Moore, Philip J Lupo, Kathleen Insel, Lynnette L Harris, Alice Pasvogel, Kari M Koerner, Kristin B Adkins, Olga A Taylor, Marilyn J Hockenberry
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common pediatric cancer, and survival approaches 90%. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors are more likely than healthy peers or siblings to experience academic underachievement, yet little is known about neurocognitive predictors of academic outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to compare neurocognitive abilities to age-adjusted standardized norms, examine change over time in neurocognitive abilities, and establish neurocognitive predictors of academic outcomes...
July 2016: Cancer Nursing
Farzaneh Yazdani, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Shohreh Jalaei, Mohammad Torabi-Nami
BACKGROUND: Visual attention is known as a critical base for learning. The purpose of the present study was to design, develop and evaluate the test-retest and internal consistency reliability as well as face, content and convergent validity of the computer- based selective visual attention test (SeVAT) for healthy first-grade school children. METHODS: In the first phase of this study, the computer-based SeVAT was developed in two versions of original and parallel...
2015: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
St T Bogdănici, D Costin, Camelia-Margareta Bogdănici
AIM: To highlight the changes in the quality of life in patients with anisometric, refractive, strabic and mixed amblyopia and to assess the psychosocial implication for their family. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational transversal study of 44 ambulatory pa- tients (88 eyes) treated in the Ophthalmology Clinic of Iaşi "Sf. Spiridon" Hospital and Iaşi Stereopsis Ophthalmology Clinic. Clinical parameters: visual acuity, objective refraction (autorefractometry), optical correction type, stage of binocular vision, ocular motility, strabic deviation...
January 2015: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
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