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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899636/evaluation-of-dental-explorer-and-visual-inspection-for-the-detection-of-residual-caries-among-greek-dentists
#1
Panagiotis Ntovas, Nikolaos Loubrinis, Panagiotis Maniatakos, Christos Rahiotis
Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the operator's degree of clinical experience on the residual caries diagnosis through visual inspection and tactile sensation. Materials and Methods: The participants were asked about the years of their clinical practice, any further training concerning cariology, their familiarity with the minimal invasive philosophy, and the techniques that they use to remove dental caries and detect when to stop the removal of carious tissues...
May 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#2
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686569/pedunculated-focal-nodular-hyperplasia-in-a-healthy-toddler
#3
Juhi Koolwal, Krista L Birkemeier, Riyam T Zreik, Kelly D Mattix
Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign hepatic tumor rarely seen in pediatric patients, with most cases reported in school-aged children with a history of malignancy, liver disease, chemotherapy, or hematopoietic stem cell therapy. Despite having advanced radiographic imaging, diagnosing FNH before surgical resection can be difficult. We report a rare case of pedunculated FNH presenting as a large abdominal mass palpated on physical exam in a healthy 3-year-old girl with no history of malignancy or underlying liver disease...
January 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575019/reduced-vision-refractive-errors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adolescents-in-rural-china
#4
Chen-Wei Pan, Rong-Kun Wu, Pei Wang, Jun Li, Hua Zhong
BACKGROUND: To determine the associations of reduced presenting visual acuity (VA), refractive errors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in healthy adolescents in rural China. METHODS: A total of 2,235 grade 7 students without systemic medical problems from 10 middle schools aged 13-14 years in Mojiang, a small county located in southwestern China, were included in the analysis. Reduced VA was defined as presenting VA of worse than 6/12 in the presence of an ophthalmic aetiology which could be identified...
March 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568015/single-dose-oral-prednisolone-and-post-operative-endodontic-pain
#5
Analia Veitz-Keenan, Debra M Ferraiolo
DesignA randomised, single centre, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial involving 400 patients.InterventionThe inclusion criteria comprised systemically healthy patients between the ages of 18 and 35 years having mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, radiographically normal periapical area and no pain on biting or percussion. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ethics Committee at the School of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt. Patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Endodontics...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566099/cognitive-deficits-including-executive-functioning-in-relation-to-clinical-parameters-in-paediatric-ms-patients
#6
Eva Wuerfel, Almuth Weddige, York Hagmayer, Rebecca Jacob, Lisa Wedekind, Wiebke Stark, Jutta Gärtner
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have investigated cognitive impairment in paediatric patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) but deficits regarding executive functions have not been comprehensively assessed up to now. This study was meant to explore cognitive impairment in German paediatric MS patients with a focus on deficits in executive functions and relate these to clinical disease parameters. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Forty paediatric MS patients, which presented at the German centre for MS in childhood and adolescence, were assessed for cognitive deficits applying a very comprehensive battery of cognitive tests including the Wechsler Intelligence scale and subtests of the D-KEFS for executive functions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543197/-clinical-effectiveness-study-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-amblyopic-children
#7
A V Dolzhich, S E Avetisov
PURPOSE: to assess the neurophysiological effect and clinical effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation in combination with drug therapy in amblyopic children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 healthy children in the age of 5-12 years and 97 patients of the same age with refractive strabismic amblyopia. All study subjects underwent standard examination including ophthalmological (visometry, refractometry in normal conditions and in cycloplegia, biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, type of vision), neurophysiological methods (determination of retinal electric sensitivity threshold, electric lability of optic nerve, amplitude and latency period of visual evoked potentials, electroencephalogram wave amplitudes, localization of peak electrical activity area of the cerebral cortex), assessment of neuropsychic development and estimation of mental development coefficient with age tests...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478104/benton-visual-form-discrimination-test-in-healthy-children-normative-data-and-qualitative-analysis
#8
Daniela Smirni, Massimiliano Oliveri, Patrizia Turriziani, Giovanni Di Martino, Pietro Smirni
The attention evaluation may be considered a crucial phase in neuropsychological assessment. It must take into account the systemic nature of the attentional functions and must use different reliable tests in relation to the neurological and attentional problems to be addressed. The aim of the study was to offer the clinician an effective tool for attention assessment and provide the normative data and performance analysis on the Benton Visual Form Discrimination Test on an Italian sample (number 323) of healthy school children, from ages 5 to 11...
May 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439269/the-predictive-value-of-amplitude-integrated-electroencephalography-in-preterm-infants-for-iq-and-other-neuropsychological-outcomes-at-early-school-age
#9
Richelle G Middel, Nicolien Brandenbarg, Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel, Arend F Bos, Hendrik J Ter Horst
BACKGROUND: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is used increasingly in neonatal intensive care and seems helpful in predicting outcomes at the age of 2 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether early aEEG patterns in preterm infants are equally useful in predicting outcomes at early school age. METHODS: We recorded aEEG in 41 preterms (gestational age 26.0-32.9 weeks) at a median postnatal age of 9.7 h (IQR 7.0-25.3) and in 43 preterms on median day 8 (IQR 7-9)...
February 13, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259575/visually-induced-dizziness-in-children-and-validation-of-the-pediatric-visually-induced-dizziness-questionnaire
#10
Marousa Pavlou, Susan L Whitney, Abdulaziz A Alkathiry, Marian Huett, Linda M Luxon, Ewa Raglan, Emma L Godfrey, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Aims: To develop and validate the Pediatric Visually Induced Dizziness Questionnaire (PVID) and quantify the presence and severity of visually induced dizziness (ViD), i.e., symptoms induced by visual motion stimuli including crowds and scrolling computer screens in children. Methods: 169 healthy (female n  = 89; recruited from mainstream schools, London, UK) and 114 children with a primary migraine, concussion, or vestibular disorder diagnosis (female n  = 62), aged 6-17 years, were included...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215151/brain-connectivity-in-children-is-increased-by-the-time-they-spend-reading-books-and-decreased-by-the-length-of-exposure-to-screen-based-media
#11
Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, John S Hutton
AIM: This study compared the time spent using screen-based media or reading on the functional connectivity of the reading-related brain regions in children aged 8-12. METHODS: We recruited 19 healthy American children from a private school in Cincinnati, USA, in 2015-6 after advertising the study to parents. The parents completed surveys on how many hours their children spent on independent reading and screen-based media time, including smartphones, tablets, desktop or laptop computers and television...
April 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083495/earlier-alcohol-use-onset-predicts-poorer-neuropsychological-functioning-in-young-adults
#12
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Georg E Matt, Joanna Jacobus, Irene Li, Claudia Cota, Norma Castro, Susan F Tapert
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopment may be shaped by environmental factors such as alcohol intake. Over 20% of U.S. high school students begin drinking before age 14, and those who initiated drinking before age 14 are 4 times more likely to develop psychosocial, psychiatric, and substance use difficulties than those who began drinking after turning 20. Little is known, however, about how the age of alcohol use onset influences brain development. METHODS: This study prospectively examined the effects of alcohol use onset age on neurocognitive functioning in healthy adolescent drinkers (N = 215)...
December 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062371/eustress-and-malondialdehyde-mda-role-of-panax-ginseng-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#13
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
Objective: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of Panax Ginseng on malondialdehyde (MDA) serum levels during eustress on healthy volunteers. Method: In this study, 65 healthy volunteers were recruited from students of a medical school, with the mean age of 22.61±3.63 years. The volunteers were divided into 2 groups: Group A included 35 participants who were treated by Panax Ginseng 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the treated group; group B included 30 participants treated by placebo 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the control group...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027682/comparative-study-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-on-ultrasonography-in-healthy-adolescents-and-patients-with-low-back-pain
#14
Nahid Rahmani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Iraj Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder among different age groups, including adolescents. The purpose of this study was to compare the abdominal muscle thickness between healthy adolescents and those with LBP. METHODS: One hundred sixty healthy high school adolescents and 80 high school adolescents with LBP participated in the study. All participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire and also a visual analog scale and the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire to evaluate the pain intensity and functional disability...
April 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026758/impact-of-school-health-education-program-on-personal-hygiene-among-school-children-of-lucknow-district
#15
Ruby Khatoon, Beena Sachan, Mohsin Ali Khan, J P Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Personal hygiene plays a major role to promote healthy life. This study was performed to assess the current level of knowledge and practicing behavior in regard to hand washing, bathing, tooth brushing, and taking care of nail and hair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 800 students of Lucknow district. All the students were interviewed with a structured questionnaire (pretest). A visual display of good and bad personal hygiene was shown on projector and explained the benefits of good personal hygiene behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988161/should-tumbling-e-go-out-of-date-in-amblyopia-screening-evidence-from-a-population-based-sample-normative-in-children-aged-3-4-years
#16
Sandra Guimaraes, Tiago Fernandes, Patrício Costa, Eduardo Silva
AIMS: To determine a normative of tumbling E optotype and its feasibility for visual acuity (VA) assessment in children aged 3-4 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1756 children who were invited to participate in a comprehensive non-invasive eye exam. Uncorrected monocular VA with crowded tumbling E with a comprehensive ophthalmological examination were assessed. Testability rates of the whole population and VA of the healthy children for different age subgroups, gender, school type and the order of testing in which the ophthalmological examination was performed were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776594/the-inner-retinal-structures-of-the-eyes-of-children-with-a-history-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#17
Y-S Lee, S H L Chang, S-C Wu, L-C See, S-H Chang, M-L Yang, W-C Wu
PurposeTo investigate the microstructural differences of the inner retina in the peripapillary and macular areas in children with or without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).MethodsThis prospective cohort study included school-age children with a history of ROP and age-matched healthy, full-term children. The macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC), peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), refractive status, and ocular biometry were measured. The metrics of the mGCC and associated anatomical changes were the primary outcomes...
January 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734692/respiratory-arrest-at-the-onset-of-idiopathic-childhood-occipital-epilepsy-of-gastaut
#18
Keiko Funata, Tatsuhiko Shike, Toshiki Takenouchi, Yukio Yamashita, Takao Takahashi
Occipital lobe epilepsy of childhood includes two entities: Panayiotopoulos syndrome in pre-school children, and idiopathic childhood occipital epilepsy of Gastaut (ICOEG) in school-age children. The typical initial manifestation of the former is vomiting, and that of the latter is visual hallucinations. Ictal cardiopulmonary arrest at initial presentation has been reported for Panayiotopoulos syndrome, but not for ICOEG. We document a 7-year-old previously healthy girl who experienced an acute elemental visual hallucination of seeing insects, followed by a new-onset generalized seizure...
January 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547345/where-are-adults-active-an-examination-of-physical-activity-locations-using-gps-in-five-us-cities
#20
Katelyn M Holliday, Annie Green Howard, Michael Emch, Daniel A Rodríguez, Wayne D Rosamond, Kelly R Evenson
Increasing physical activity (PA) at the population level requires appropriately targeting intervention development. Identifying the locations in which participants with various sociodemographic, body weight, and geographic characteristics tend to engage in varying intensities of PA as well as locations these populations underutilize for PA may facilitate this process. A visual location-coding protocol was developed and implemented in Google Fusion Tables and Maps using data from participants (N = 223, age 18-85) in five states...
August 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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