Read by QxMD icon Read

healthy visual—general school

A V Dolzhich, S E Avetisov
PURPOSE: to assess the neurophysiological effect and clinical effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation in combination with drug therapy in amblyopic children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 healthy children in the age of 5-12 years and 97 patients of the same age with refractive strabismic amblyopia. All study subjects underwent standard examination including ophthalmological (visometry, refractometry in normal conditions and in cycloplegia, biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, type of vision), neurophysiological methods (determination of retinal electric sensitivity threshold, electric lability of optic nerve, amplitude and latency period of visual evoked potentials, electroencephalogram wave amplitudes, localization of peak electrical activity area of the cerebral cortex), assessment of neuropsychic development and estimation of mental development coefficient with age tests...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Daniela Smirni, Massimiliano Oliveri, Patrizia Turriziani, Giovanni Di Martino, Pietro Smirni
The attention evaluation may be considered a crucial phase in neuropsychological assessment. It must take into account the systemic nature of the attentional functions and must use different reliable tests in relation to the neurological and attentional problems to be addressed. The aim of the study was to offer the clinician an effective tool for attention assessment and provide the normative data and performance analysis on the Benton Visual Form Discrimination Test on an Italian sample (number 323) of healthy school children, from ages 5 to 11...
February 24, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Richelle G Middel, Nicolien Brandenbarg, Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel, Arend F Bos, Hendrik J Ter Horst
BACKGROUND: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is used increasingly in neonatal intensive care and seems helpful in predicting outcomes at the age of 2 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether early aEEG patterns in preterm infants are equally useful in predicting outcomes at early school age. METHODS: We recorded aEEG in 41 preterms (gestational age 26.0-32.9 weeks) at a median postnatal age of 9.7 h (IQR 7.0-25.3) and in 43 preterms on median day 8 (IQR 7-9)...
February 13, 2018: Neonatology
Marousa Pavlou, Susan L Whitney, Abdulaziz A Alkathiry, Marian Huett, Linda M Luxon, Ewa Raglan, Emma L Godfrey, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Aims: To develop and validate the Pediatric Visually Induced Dizziness Questionnaire (PVID) and quantify the presence and severity of visually induced dizziness (ViD), i.e., symptoms induced by visual motion stimuli including crowds and scrolling computer screens in children. Methods: 169 healthy (female n = 89; recruited from mainstream schools, London, UK) and 114 children with a primary migraine, concussion, or vestibular disorder diagnosis (female n = 62), aged 6-17 years, were included...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, John S Hutton
AIM: This study compared the time spent using screen-based media or reading on the functional connectivity of the reading-related brain regions in children aged 8-12. METHODS: We recruited 19 healthy American children from a private school in Cincinnati, USA, in 2015-6 after advertising the study to parents. The parents completed surveys on how many hours their children spent on independent reading and screen-based media time, including smartphones, tablets, desktop or laptop computers and television...
April 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Maria Tensil, Johannes B Hessler, Maria Gutsmiedl, Lina Riedl, Timo Grimmer, Janine Diehl-Schmid
BACKGROUND: Only few studies exist reporting sex differences in the Alzheimer disease (AD) patients regarding cognitive profile, brain damage, and risk factors. The present study investigated the influence of sex in combination with the Alzheimer risk allele, ε4-allele of apolipoprotein E, on cognitive performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the effect of sex and ApoE genotype on a range of neuropsychological markers from the German version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry in Alzheimer's Disease Neuropsychological Battery in a monocentric study of 399 AD patients...
November 17, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Jaclyn D Kropp, Saul J Abarca-Orozco, Glenn D Israel, David C Diehl, Sebastian Galindo-Gonzalez, Lauren B Headrick, Karla P Shelnutt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impacts of the Farm to School (FTS) program on the selection and consumption of fruits and vegetables. DESIGN: Plate waste data were recorded using the visual inspection method before and after implementation of the program. SETTING: Six elementary schools in Florida: 3 treatment and 3 control schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11,262 meal observations of National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants in grades 1-5...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Georg E Matt, Joanna Jacobus, Irene Li, Claudia Cota, Norma Castro, Susan F Tapert
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopment may be shaped by environmental factors such as alcohol intake. Over 20% of U.S. high school students begin drinking before age 14, and those who initiated drinking before age 14 are 4 times more likely to develop psychosocial, psychiatric, and substance use difficulties than those who began drinking after turning 20. Little is known, however, about how the age of alcohol use onset influences brain development. METHODS: This study prospectively examined the effects of alcohol use onset age on neurocognitive functioning in healthy adolescent drinkers (N = 215)...
December 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
Objective: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of Panax Ginseng on malondialdehyde (MDA) serum levels during eustress on healthy volunteers. Method: In this study, 65 healthy volunteers were recruited from students of a medical school, with the mean age of 22.61±3.63 years. The volunteers were divided into 2 groups: Group A included 35 participants who were treated by Panax Ginseng 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the treated group; group B included 30 participants treated by placebo 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the control group...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Nahid Rahmani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Iraj Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder among different age groups, including adolescents. The purpose of this study was to compare the abdominal muscle thickness between healthy adolescents and those with LBP. METHODS: One hundred sixty healthy high school adolescents and 80 high school adolescents with LBP participated in the study. All participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire and also a visual analog scale and the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire to evaluate the pain intensity and functional disability...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Sandra Guimaraes, Tiago Fernandes, Patrício Costa, Eduardo Silva
AIMS: To determine a normative of tumbling E optotype and its feasibility for visual acuity (VA) assessment in children aged 3-4 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1756 children who were invited to participate in a comprehensive non-invasive eye exam. Uncorrected monocular VA with crowded tumbling E with a comprehensive ophthalmological examination were assessed. Testability rates of the whole population and VA of the healthy children for different age subgroups, gender, school type and the order of testing in which the ophthalmological examination was performed were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Kathrine Vitus
This article explores upper secondary school students' understandings and experiences of health in Denmark, where public health promotions appeal to pleasure. Health promotion thereby taps into capitalist society's 'imperative of enjoyment', which reproduces ideological fantasies about the fulfilment of desires through the consumption of health. Based on qualitative empirical material produced through participatory and visual methods during fieldwork conducted in 2012, the analysis shows that relations between healthiness and pleasure are conflated and paradoxical: the students try to fit into society not only by being healthy, but also by enjoying healthiness; but if they fail pleasure, they fail healthiness and experience a loss of individual social value...
November 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
Ying Wu, Yunzhen Xue, Zhanling Xue
The medical university students in China whose school work is relatively heavy and educational system is long are a special professional group. Many students have psychological problems more or less. So, to understand their personality characteristics will provide a scientific basis for the intervention of psychological health.We selected top 30 personality trait words according to the order of frequency. Additionally, some methods such as social network analysis (SNA) and visualization technology of mapping knowledge domain were used in this study...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kapil Chaudhary, Bhargavi Ramanujam, S Senthil Kumaran, P Sarat Chandra, Ashima Nehra Wadhawan, Ajay Garg, Manjari Tripathi
OBJECTIVES: Patients with drug refractory epilepsy (DRE) and a high level of education may differ in their language recovery after surgery. Our aim was to determine whether there were differences in the extent of improvement and pattern of reorganization of language functions on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) after surgery to treat refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) between patients with more than 12 years of formal education versus those with a shorter period of regular schooling...
October 2017: Epilepsy Research
Y-S Lee, S H L Chang, S-C Wu, L-C See, S-H Chang, M-L Yang, W-C Wu
PurposeTo investigate the microstructural differences of the inner retina in the peripapillary and macular areas in children with or without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).MethodsThis prospective cohort study included school-age children with a history of ROP and age-matched healthy, full-term children. The macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC), peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), refractive status, and ocular biometry were measured. The metrics of the mGCC and associated anatomical changes were the primary outcomes...
August 4, 2017: Eye
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Eivind Wengaard, Morten Kristoffersen, Anette Harris, Hilde Gundersen
Background: Previous studies have shown associations of physical fitness and cognition in children and in younger and older adults. However, knowledge about associations in high-school adolescents and young adults is sparse. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association of physical fitness, measured as maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), muscle mass, weekly training, and cognitive function in the executive domains of selective attention and inhibitory control, in healthy male high-school students...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Benjamin L Brett, Gary S Solomon, Jennifer Hill, Philip Schatz
Objective: This study examined the test-retest reliability of the four- and two-factor structures (i.e., Memory and Speed) of ImPACT over a 2-year interval across multiple groups with premorbid conditions, including those with a history of special education or learning disorders (LD; n = 114), treatment history for headache/migraine (n = 81), and a control group (n = 792). Methods: Nine hundred and eighty seven high school athletes completed baseline testing using online ImPACT across a 2-year interval...
June 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Ji Eun Lee, Da Eun Lee, Kirang Kim, Jae Eun Shim, Eunju Sung, Jae-Heon Kang, Ji-Yun Hwang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy access to intervention and support for certain behaviors is important for obesity prevention and management. The available technology such as smartphone applications can be used for intervention regarding healthy food choices for obesity prevention and management in elementary-school students. The transtheoretical model (TTM) is comprised of stages and processes of change and can be adopted to tailored education for behavioral change. This study aims to develop TTM-based nutrition contents for mobile applications intended to change eating behaviors related to weight gain in young children...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
Golnaz Baghdadi, Farzad Towhidkhah, Reza Rostami, Mohsen Raza
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we investigated the distraction power of the unusual and usual images on the attention of 20 healthy primary school children. METHODS: Our study was different from previous ones in that the participants were asked to fix the initial position of their attention on a predefined location after being presented with unusual images as distractors. The goals were presented in locations, which were far from the attraction basin of distractors...
March 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"