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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688299/closing-in-behavior-and-motor-distractibility-in-persons-with-brain-injury
#1
Elisabetta Ambron, Nicoletta Beschin, Chiara Cerrone, Sergio Della Sala
Objective: This study investigates closing-in behavior (CIB), a phenomenon observed in graphic copying tasks when responses encroach upon or overlap the model. The behavior is most common amongst individuals with dementia and amongst pre-school children. We explored the relationship between CIB and the 'distractor effect' in reaching, whereby salient visual stimuli can influence the spatial trajectory of the reach. Method: A group of individuals with overlap-CIB (n = 9), without CIB (n = 9) and healthy controls (HC; n = 6) underwent a task-irrelevant and a task-relevant distractors and the deviation of the movement trajectory towards the distractor location was measured in both tasks...
April 21, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686569/pedunculated-focal-nodular-hyperplasia-in-a-healthy-toddler
#2
Juhi Koolwal, Krista L Birkemeier, Riyam T Zreik, Kelly D Mattix
Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign hepatic tumor rarely seen in pediatric patients, with most cases reported in school-aged children with a history of malignancy, liver disease, chemotherapy, or hematopoietic stem cell therapy. Despite having advanced radiographic imaging, diagnosing FNH before surgical resection can be difficult. We report a rare case of pedunculated FNH presenting as a large abdominal mass palpated on physical exam in a healthy 3-year-old girl with no history of malignancy or underlying liver disease...
January 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671360/the-role-of-visual-and-auditory-stimuli-in-continuous-performance-tests-differential-effects-on-children-with-adhd
#3
Eunice N Simões, Ana L Novais Carvalho, Sergio L Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Continuous performance tests (CPTs) usually utilize visual stimuli. A previous investigation showed that inattention is partially independent of modality, but response inhibition is modality-specific. Here we aimed to compare performance on visual and auditory CPTs in ADHD and in healthy controls. METHOD: The sample consisted of 160 elementary and high school students (43 ADHD, 117 controls). For each sensory modality, five variables were extracted: commission errors (CEs) and omission errors (OEs), reaction time (RT), variability of reaction time (VRT), and coefficient of variability (CofV = VRT / RT)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584523/brain-behavior-mechanisms-for-the-transfer-of-neuromuscular-training-adaptions-to-simulated-sport-initial-findings-from-the-train-the-brain-project
#4
Dustin R Grooms, Adam W Kiefer, Michael A Riley, Jonathan D Ellis, Staci Thomas, Katie Kitchen, Christopher DiCesare, Scott Bonnette, Brooke Gadd, Kim D Barber Foss, Weihong Yuan, Paula Silva, Ryan Galloway, Jed Diekfuss, James Leach, Kate Berz, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT: A limiting factor for reducing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk is ensuring that the movement adaptions made during the prevention program transfer to sport-specific activity. Virtual reality provides a mechanism to assess transferability and neuroimaging provides a means to assay the neural processes allowing for such skill transfer. OBJECTIVE: To determine the neural mechanisms for injury risk reducing biomechanics transfer to sport after ACL injury prevention training...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575019/reduced-vision-refractive-errors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adolescents-in-rural-china
#5
Chen-Wei Pan, Rong-Kun Wu, Pei Wang, Jun Li, Hua Zhong
BACKGROUND: To determine the associations of reduced presenting visual acuity (VA), refractive errors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in healthy adolescents in rural China. METHODS: A total of 2,235 grade 7 students without systemic medical problems from 10 middle schools aged 13-14 years in Mojiang, a small county located in southwestern China, were included in the analysis. Reduced VA was defined as presenting VA of worse than 6/12 in the presence of an ophthalmic aetiology which could be identified...
March 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568015/single-dose-oral-prednisolone-and-post-operative-endodontic-pain
#6
Analia Veitz-Keenan, Debra M Ferraiolo
DesignA randomised, single centre, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial involving 400 patients.InterventionThe inclusion criteria comprised systemically healthy patients between the ages of 18 and 35 years having mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, radiographically normal periapical area and no pain on biting or percussion. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ethics Committee at the School of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt. Patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Endodontics...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566099/cognitive-deficits-including-executive-functioning-in-relation-to-clinical-parameters-in-paediatric-ms-patients
#7
Eva Wuerfel, Almuth Weddige, York Hagmayer, Rebecca Jacob, Lisa Wedekind, Wiebke Stark, Jutta Gärtner
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have investigated cognitive impairment in paediatric patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) but deficits regarding executive functions have not been comprehensively assessed up to now. This study was meant to explore cognitive impairment in German paediatric MS patients with a focus on deficits in executive functions and relate these to clinical disease parameters. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Forty paediatric MS patients, which presented at the German centre for MS in childhood and adolescence, were assessed for cognitive deficits applying a very comprehensive battery of cognitive tests including the Wechsler Intelligence scale and subtests of the D-KEFS for executive functions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543197/-clinical-effectiveness-study-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-amblyopic-children
#8
A V Dolzhich, S E Avetisov
PURPOSE: to assess the neurophysiological effect and clinical effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation in combination with drug therapy in amblyopic children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 healthy children in the age of 5-12 years and 97 patients of the same age with refractive strabismic amblyopia. All study subjects underwent standard examination including ophthalmological (visometry, refractometry in normal conditions and in cycloplegia, biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, type of vision), neurophysiological methods (determination of retinal electric sensitivity threshold, electric lability of optic nerve, amplitude and latency period of visual evoked potentials, electroencephalogram wave amplitudes, localization of peak electrical activity area of the cerebral cortex), assessment of neuropsychic development and estimation of mental development coefficient with age tests...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478104/benton-visual-form-discrimination-test-in-healthy-children-normative-data-and-qualitative-analysis
#9
Daniela Smirni, Massimiliano Oliveri, Patrizia Turriziani, Giovanni Di Martino, Pietro Smirni
The attention evaluation may be considered a crucial phase in neuropsychological assessment. It must take into account the systemic nature of the attentional functions and must use different reliable tests in relation to the neurological and attentional problems to be addressed. The aim of the study was to offer the clinician an effective tool for attention assessment and provide the normative data and performance analysis on the Benton Visual Form Discrimination Test on an Italian sample (number 323) of healthy school children, from ages 5 to 11...
May 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439269/the-predictive-value-of-amplitude-integrated-electroencephalography-in-preterm-infants-for-iq-and-other-neuropsychological-outcomes-at-early-school-age
#10
Richelle G Middel, Nicolien Brandenbarg, Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel, Arend F Bos, Hendrik J Ter Horst
BACKGROUND: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is used increasingly in neonatal intensive care and seems helpful in predicting outcomes at the age of 2 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether early aEEG patterns in preterm infants are equally useful in predicting outcomes at early school age. METHODS: We recorded aEEG in 41 preterms (gestational age 26.0-32.9 weeks) at a median postnatal age of 9.7 h (IQR 7.0-25.3) and in 43 preterms on median day 8 (IQR 7-9)...
February 13, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259575/visually-induced-dizziness-in-children-and-validation-of-the-pediatric-visually-induced-dizziness-questionnaire
#11
Marousa Pavlou, Susan L Whitney, Abdulaziz A Alkathiry, Marian Huett, Linda M Luxon, Ewa Raglan, Emma L Godfrey, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Aims: To develop and validate the Pediatric Visually Induced Dizziness Questionnaire (PVID) and quantify the presence and severity of visually induced dizziness (ViD), i.e., symptoms induced by visual motion stimuli including crowds and scrolling computer screens in children. Methods: 169 healthy (female n  = 89; recruited from mainstream schools, London, UK) and 114 children with a primary migraine, concussion, or vestibular disorder diagnosis (female n  = 62), aged 6-17 years, were included...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215151/brain-connectivity-in-children-is-increased-by-the-time-they-spend-reading-books-and-decreased-by-the-length-of-exposure-to-screen-based-media
#12
Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, John S Hutton
AIM: This study compared the time spent using screen-based media or reading on the functional connectivity of the reading-related brain regions in children aged 8-12. METHODS: We recruited 19 healthy American children from a private school in Cincinnati, USA, in 2015-6 after advertising the study to parents. The parents completed surveys on how many hours their children spent on independent reading and screen-based media time, including smartphones, tablets, desktop or laptop computers and television...
April 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189302/sex-differences-in-neuropsychological-test-performance-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-the-influence-of-the-apoe-genotype
#13
Maria Tensil, Johannes B Hessler, Maria Gutsmiedl, Lina Riedl, Timo Grimmer, Janine Diehl-Schmid
BACKGROUND: Only few studies exist reporting sex differences in the Alzheimer disease (AD) patients regarding cognitive profile, brain damage, and risk factors. The present study investigated the influence of sex in combination with the Alzheimer risk allele, ε4-allele of apolipoprotein E, on cognitive performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the effect of sex and ApoE genotype on a range of neuropsychological markers from the German version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry in Alzheimer's Disease Neuropsychological Battery in a monocentric study of 399 AD patients...
November 17, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150399/a-plate-waste-evaluation-of-the-farm-to-school-program
#14
Jaclyn D Kropp, Saul J Abarca-Orozco, Glenn D Israel, David C Diehl, Sebastian Galindo-Gonzalez, Lauren B Headrick, Karla P Shelnutt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impacts of the Farm to School (FTS) program on the selection and consumption of fruits and vegetables. DESIGN: Plate waste data were recorded using the visual inspection method before and after implementation of the program. SETTING: Six elementary schools in Florida: 3 treatment and 3 control schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11,262 meal observations of National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants in grades 1-5...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083495/earlier-alcohol-use-onset-predicts-poorer-neuropsychological-functioning-in-young-adults
#15
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Georg E Matt, Joanna Jacobus, Irene Li, Claudia Cota, Norma Castro, Susan F Tapert
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopment may be shaped by environmental factors such as alcohol intake. Over 20% of U.S. high school students begin drinking before age 14, and those who initiated drinking before age 14 are 4 times more likely to develop psychosocial, psychiatric, and substance use difficulties than those who began drinking after turning 20. Little is known, however, about how the age of alcohol use onset influences brain development. METHODS: This study prospectively examined the effects of alcohol use onset age on neurocognitive functioning in healthy adolescent drinkers (N = 215)...
December 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062371/eustress-and-malondialdehyde-mda-role-of-panax-ginseng-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#16
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
Objective: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of Panax Ginseng on malondialdehyde (MDA) serum levels during eustress on healthy volunteers. Method: In this study, 65 healthy volunteers were recruited from students of a medical school, with the mean age of 22.61±3.63 years. The volunteers were divided into 2 groups: Group A included 35 participants who were treated by Panax Ginseng 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the treated group; group B included 30 participants treated by placebo 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the control group...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027682/comparative-study-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-on-ultrasonography-in-healthy-adolescents-and-patients-with-low-back-pain
#17
Nahid Rahmani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Iraj Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder among different age groups, including adolescents. The purpose of this study was to compare the abdominal muscle thickness between healthy adolescents and those with LBP. METHODS: One hundred sixty healthy high school adolescents and 80 high school adolescents with LBP participated in the study. All participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire and also a visual analog scale and the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire to evaluate the pain intensity and functional disability...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988161/should-tumbling-e-go-out-of-date-in-amblyopia-screening-evidence-from-a-population-based-sample-normative-in-children-aged-3-4-years
#18
Sandra Guimaraes, Tiago Fernandes, Patrício Costa, Eduardo Silva
AIMS: To determine a normative of tumbling E optotype and its feasibility for visual acuity (VA) assessment in children aged 3-4 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1756 children who were invited to participate in a comprehensive non-invasive eye exam. Uncorrected monocular VA with crowded tumbling E with a comprehensive ophthalmological examination were assessed. Testability rates of the whole population and VA of the healthy children for different age subgroups, gender, school type and the order of testing in which the ophthalmological examination was performed were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921574/ideology-and-resistance-in-young-people-s-experiences-of-health-under-the-imperative-of-enjoyment
#19
Kathrine Vitus
This article explores upper secondary school students' understandings and experiences of health in Denmark, where public health promotions appeal to pleasure. Health promotion thereby taps into capitalist society's 'imperative of enjoyment', which reproduces ideological fantasies about the fulfilment of desires through the consumption of health. Based on qualitative empirical material produced through participatory and visual methods during fieldwork conducted in 2012, the analysis shows that relations between healthiness and pleasure are conflated and paradoxical: the students try to fit into society not only by being healthy, but also by enjoying healthiness; but if they fail pleasure, they fail healthiness and experience a loss of individual social value...
November 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906409/the-study-on-the-core-personality-trait-words-of-chinese-medical-university-students-based-on-social-network-analysis
#20
Ying Wu, Yunzhen Xue, Zhanling Xue
The medical university students in China whose school work is relatively heavy and educational system is long are a special professional group. Many students have psychological problems more or less. So, to understand their personality characteristics will provide a scientific basis for the intervention of psychological health.We selected top 30 personality trait words according to the order of frequency. Additionally, some methods such as social network analysis (SNA) and visualization technology of mapping knowledge domain were used in this study...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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