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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150399/a-plate-waste-evaluation-of-the-farm-to-school-program
#1
Jaclyn D Kropp, Saul J Abarca-Orozco, Glenn D Israel, David C Diehl, Sebastian Galindo-Gonzalez, Lauren B Headrick, Karla P Shelnutt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impacts of the Farm to School (FTS) program on the selection and consumption of fruits and vegetables. DESIGN: Plate waste data were recorded using the visual inspection method before and after implementation of the program. SETTING: Six elementary schools in Florida: 3 treatment and 3 control schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11,262 meal observations of National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants in grades 1-5...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083495/earlier-alcohol-use-onset-predicts-poorer-neuropsychological-functioning-in-young-adults
#2
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Georg E Matt, Joanna Jacobus, Irene Li, Claudia Cota, Norma Castro, Susan F Tapert
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopment may be shaped by environmental factors such as alcohol intake. Over 20% of U.S. high school students begin drinking before age 14, and those who initiated drinking before age 14 are 4 times more likely to develop psychosocial, psychiatric, and substance use difficulties than those who began drinking after turning 20. Little is known, however, about how the age of alcohol use onset influences brain development. METHODS: This study prospectively examined the effects of alcohol use onset age on neurocognitive functioning in healthy adolescent drinkers (N = 215)...
October 30, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062371/eustress-and-malondialdehyde-mda-role-of-panax-ginseng-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#3
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
Objective: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of Panax Ginseng on malondialdehyde (MDA) serum levels during eustress on healthy volunteers. Method: In this study, 65 healthy volunteers were recruited from students of a medical school, with the mean age of 22.61±3.63 years. The volunteers were divided into 2 groups: Group A included 35 participants who were treated by Panax Ginseng 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the treated group; group B included 30 participants treated by placebo 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the control group...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027682/comparative-study-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-on-ultrasonography-in-healthy-adolescents-and-patients-with-low-back-pain
#4
Nahid Rahmani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Iraj Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder among different age groups, including adolescents. The purpose of this study was to compare the abdominal muscle thickness between healthy adolescents and those with LBP. METHODS: One hundred sixty healthy high school adolescents and 80 high school adolescents with LBP participated in the study. All participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire and also a visual analog scale and the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire to evaluate the pain intensity and functional disability...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988161/should-tumbling-e-go-out-of-date-in-amblyopia-screening-evidence-from-a-population-based-sample-normative-in-children-aged-3-4-years
#5
Sandra Guimaraes, Tiago Fernandes, Patrício Costa, Eduardo Silva
AIMS: To determine a normative of tumbling E optotype and its feasibility for visual acuity (VA) assessment in children aged 3-4 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1756 children who were invited to participate in a comprehensive non-invasive eye exam. Uncorrected monocular VA with crowded tumbling E with a comprehensive ophthalmological examination were assessed. Testability rates of the whole population and VA of the healthy children for different age subgroups, gender, school type and the order of testing in which the ophthalmological examination was performed were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921574/ideology-and-resistance-in-young-people-s-experiences-of-health-under-the-imperative-of-enjoyment
#6
Kathrine Vitus
This article explores upper secondary school students' understandings and experiences of health in Denmark, where public health promotions appeal to pleasure. Health promotion thereby taps into capitalist society's 'imperative of enjoyment', which reproduces ideological fantasies about the fulfilment of desires through the consumption of health. Based on qualitative empirical material produced through participatory and visual methods during fieldwork conducted in 2012, the analysis shows that relations between healthiness and pleasure are conflated and paradoxical: the students try to fit into society not only by being healthy, but also by enjoying healthiness; but if they fail pleasure, they fail healthiness and experience a loss of individual social value...
September 17, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906409/the-study-on-the-core-personality-trait-words-of-chinese-medical-university-students-based-on-social-network-analysis
#7
Ying Wu, Yunzhen Xue, Zhanling Xue
The medical university students in China whose school work is relatively heavy and educational system is long are a special professional group. Many students have psychological problems more or less. So, to understand their personality characteristics will provide a scientific basis for the intervention of psychological health.We selected top 30 personality trait words according to the order of frequency. Additionally, some methods such as social network analysis (SNA) and visualization technology of mapping knowledge domain were used in this study...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802988/does-education-play-a-role-in-language-reorganization-after-surgery-in-drug-refractory-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-an-fmri-based-study
#8
Kapil Chaudhary, Bhargavi Ramanujam, S Senthil Kumaran, P Sarat Chandra, Ashima Nehra Wadhawan, Ajay Garg, Manjari Tripathi
OBJECTIVES: Patients with drug refractory epilepsy (DRE) and a high level of education may differ in their language recovery after surgery. Our aim was to determine whether there were differences in the extent of improvement and pattern of reorganization of language functions on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) after surgery to treat refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) between patients with more than 12 years of formal education versus those with a shorter period of regular schooling...
October 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776594/the-inner-retinal-structures-of-the-eyes-of-children-with-a-history-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#9
Y-S Lee, S H L Chang, S-C Wu, L-C See, S-H Chang, M-L Yang, W-C Wu
PurposeTo investigate the microstructural differences of the inner retina in the peripapillary and macular areas in children with or without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).MethodsThis prospective cohort study included school-age children with a history of ROP and age-matched healthy, full-term children. The macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC), peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), refractive status, and ocular biometry were measured. The metrics of the mGCC and associated anatomical changes were the primary outcomes...
August 4, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701935/cardiorespiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-selective-attention-in-healthy-male-high-school-students
#11
Eivind Wengaard, Morten Kristoffersen, Anette Harris, Hilde Gundersen
Background: Previous studies have shown associations of physical fitness and cognition in children and in younger and older adults. However, knowledge about associations in high-school adolescents and young adults is sparse. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association of physical fitness, measured as maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), muscle mass, weekly training, and cognitive function in the executive domains of selective attention and inhibitory control, in healthy male high-school students...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666316/two-year-test-retest-reliability-in-high-school-athletes-using-the-four-and-two-factor-impact-composite-structures-the-effects-of-learning-disorders-and-headache-migraine-treatment-history
#12
Benjamin L Brett, Gary S Solomon, Jennifer Hill, Philip Schatz
Objective: This study examined the test-retest reliability of the four- and two-factor structures (i.e., Memory and Speed) of ImPACT over a 2-year interval across multiple groups with premorbid conditions, including those with a history of special education or learning disorders (LD; n = 114), treatment history for headache/migraine (n = 81), and a control group (n = 792). Methods: Nine hundred and eighty seven high school athletes completed baseline testing using online ImPACT across a 2-year interval...
June 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584582/development-of-tailored-nutrition-information-messages-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model-for-smartphone-application-of-an-obesity-prevention-and-management-program-for-elementary-school-students
#13
Ji Eun Lee, Da Eun Lee, Kirang Kim, Jae Eun Shim, Eunju Sung, Jae-Heon Kang, Ji-Yun Hwang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy access to intervention and support for certain behaviors is important for obesity prevention and management. The available technology such as smartphone applications can be used for intervention regarding healthy food choices for obesity prevention and management in elementary-school students. The transtheoretical model (TTM) is comprised of stages and processes of change and can be adopted to tailored education for behavioral change. This study aims to develop TTM-based nutrition contents for mobile applications intended to change eating behaviors related to weight gain in young children...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540000/response-of-the-pre-oriented-goal-directed-attention-to-usual-and-unusual-distractors-a-preliminary-study
#14
Golnaz Baghdadi, Farzad Towhidkhah, Reza Rostami, Mohsen Raza
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we investigated the distraction power of the unusual and usual images on the attention of 20 healthy primary school children. METHODS: Our study was different from previous ones in that the participants were asked to fix the initial position of their attention on a predefined location after being presented with unusual images as distractors. The goals were presented in locations, which were far from the attraction basin of distractors...
March 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375645/the-fit-game-iii-reducing-the-operating-expenses-of-a-game-based-approach-to-increasing-healthy-eating-in-elementary-schools
#15
Damon Joyner, Heidi J Wengreen, Sheryl S Aguilar, Lori Andersen Spruance, Brooke A Morrill, Gregory J Madden
OBJECTIVE: Previously published versions of the healthy eating "FIT Game" were administered by teachers in all grades at elementary schools. The present study evaluated whether the game would retain its efficacy if teachers were relieved of this task; presenting instead all game materials on visual displays in the school cafeteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 572 children attending two Title 1 elementary schools (grades K-5). Following a no-intervention baseline period in which fruit and vegetable consumption were measured from food waste, the schools played the FIT Game...
April 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362161/test-retest-reliability-of-the-king-devick-test-in-an-adolescent-population
#16
Tyler J Oberlander, Bernadette L Olson, Lee Weidauer
CONTEXT:   The King-Devick (KD) test is a screening tool designed to assess cognitive visual impairments, namely saccadic rhythm, postconcussion. Test-retest reliability of the KD in a healthy adolescent population has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the overall test-retest reliability of the KD among a sample of healthy adolescents. Additionally, we sought to determine if sex and age influenced reliability. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355353/influence-of-schooling-and-age-on-cognitive-performance-in-healthy-older-adults
#17
N V O Bento-Torres, J Bento-Torres, A M Tomás, V O Costa, P G R Corrêa, C N M Costa, N Y V Jardim, C W Picanço-Diniz
Few studies have examined the influence of a low level of schooling on age-related cognitive decline in countries with wide social and economic inequalities by using the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery (CANTAB). The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of schooling on age-related cognitive decline using unbiased cognitive tests. CANTAB allows cognitive assessment across cultures and education levels with reduced interference of the examiner during data acquisition. Using two-way ANOVA, we assessed the influences of age and education on test scores of old adults (61-84 years of age)...
March 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327110/an-assessment-of-the-impacts-of-child-oral-health-in-indonesia-and-associations-with-self-esteem-school-performance-and-perceived-employability
#18
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203334/assessment-of-sexual-maturation-among-girls-with-special-needs-in-tehran-iran
#19
Hosein Shabani Mirzaee, Asieh Mosallanejad, Ali Rabbani, Aria Setoodeh, Farzaneh Abbasi, Fatemeh Sayarifard, Amir Hosein Memari
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on sexual maturation among girls with intellectual, sensory, or physical disabilities. OBJECTIVES: The present cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the sexual maturation of girls with these disabilities in special schools. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the onset and progression of sexual maturation in 642 six to 18-year-old girls with intellectual, sensory, or physical disabilities from special schools in Tehran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131070/health-education-on-diabetes-and-other-non-communicable-diseases-imparted-to-teachers-shows-a-cascading-effect-a-study-from-southern-india
#20
Sundaram Selvam, Narayanasamy Murugesan, Chamukuttan Snehalatha, Arun Nanditha, Arun Raghavan, Mary Simon, Priscilla Susairaj, Ambady Ramachandran
AIMS: The aims were to assess effect of a short training programme on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly diabetes on school teachers and also on students who were in turn educated by them. Lifestyle changes made by both groups were assessed 6months later. METHODS: Graduate teachers (n=1017) from 2 districts in Tamilnadu, India were trained using audio visual aids in batches of 100, on healthy lifestyle practices, prevention and management of diabetes...
March 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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