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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701935/cardiorespiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-selective-attention-in-healthy-male-high-school-students
#2
Eivind Wengaard, Morten Kristoffersen, Anette Harris, Hilde Gundersen
Background: Previous studies have shown associations of physical fitness and cognition in children and in younger and older adults. However, knowledge about associations in high-school adolescents and young adults is sparse. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association of physical fitness, measured as maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), muscle mass, weekly training, and cognitive function in the executive domains of selective attention and inhibitory control, in healthy male high-school students...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666316/two-year-test-retest-reliability-in-high-school-athletes-using-the-four-and-two-factor-impact-composite-structures-the-effects-of-learning-disorders-and-headache-migraine-treatment-history
#3
Benjamin L Brett, Gary S Solomon, Jennifer Hill, Philip Schatz
Objective: This study examined the test-retest reliability of the four- and two-factor structures (i.e., Memory and Speed) of ImPACT over a 2-year interval across multiple groups with premorbid conditions, including those with a history of special education or learning disorders (LD; n = 114), treatment history for headache/migraine (n = 81), and a control group (n = 792). Methods: Nine hundred and eighty seven high school athletes completed baseline testing using online ImPACT across a 2-year interval...
June 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584582/development-of-tailored-nutrition-information-messages-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model-for-smartphone-application-of-an-obesity-prevention-and-management-program-for-elementary-school-students
#4
Ji Eun Lee, Da Eun Lee, Kirang Kim, Jae Eun Shim, Eunju Sung, Jae-Heon Kang, Ji-Yun Hwang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy access to intervention and support for certain behaviors is important for obesity prevention and management. The available technology such as smartphone applications can be used for intervention regarding healthy food choices for obesity prevention and management in elementary-school students. The transtheoretical model (TTM) is comprised of stages and processes of change and can be adopted to tailored education for behavioral change. This study aims to develop TTM-based nutrition contents for mobile applications intended to change eating behaviors related to weight gain in young children...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540000/response-of-the-pre-oriented-goal-directed-attention-to-usual-and-unusual-distractors-a-preliminary-study
#5
Golnaz Baghdadi, Farzad Towhidkhah, Reza Rostami, Mohsen Raza
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we investigated the distraction power of the unusual and usual images on the attention of 20 healthy primary school children. METHODS: Our study was different from previous ones in that the participants were asked to fix the initial position of their attention on a predefined location after being presented with unusual images as distractors. The goals were presented in locations, which were far from the attraction basin of distractors...
March 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375645/the-fit-game-iii-reducing-the-operating-expenses-of-a-game-based-approach-to-increasing-healthy-eating-in-elementary-schools
#6
Damon Joyner, Heidi J Wengreen, Sheryl S Aguilar, Lori Andersen Spruance, Brooke A Morrill, Gregory J Madden
OBJECTIVE: Previously published versions of the healthy eating "FIT Game" were administered by teachers in all grades at elementary schools. The present study evaluated whether the game would retain its efficacy if teachers were relieved of this task; presenting instead all game materials on visual displays in the school cafeteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 572 children attending two Title 1 elementary schools (grades K-5). Following a no-intervention baseline period in which fruit and vegetable consumption were measured from food waste, the schools played the FIT Game...
April 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362161/test-retest-reliability-of-the-king-devick-test-in-an-adolescent-population
#7
Tyler J Oberlander, Bernadette L Olson, Lee Weidauer
CONTEXT:   The King-Devick (KD) test is a screening tool designed to assess cognitive visual impairments, namely saccadic rhythm, postconcussion. Test-retest reliability of the KD in a healthy adolescent population has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the overall test-retest reliability of the KD among a sample of healthy adolescents. Additionally, we sought to determine if sex and age influenced reliability. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355353/influence-of-schooling-and-age-on-cognitive-performance-in-healthy-older-adults
#8
N V O Bento-Torres, J Bento-Torres, A M Tomás, V O Costa, P G R Corrêa, C N M Costa, N Y V Jardim, C W Picanço-Diniz
Few studies have examined the influence of a low level of schooling on age-related cognitive decline in countries with wide social and economic inequalities by using the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery (CANTAB). The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of schooling on age-related cognitive decline using unbiased cognitive tests. CANTAB allows cognitive assessment across cultures and education levels with reduced interference of the examiner during data acquisition. Using two-way ANOVA, we assessed the influences of age and education on test scores of old adults (61-84 years of age)...
March 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327110/an-assessment-of-the-impacts-of-child-oral-health-in-indonesia-and-associations-with-self-esteem-school-performance-and-perceived-employability
#9
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203334/assessment-of-sexual-maturation-among-girls-with-special-needs-in-tehran-iran
#10
Hosein Shabani Mirzaee, Asieh Mosallanejad, Ali Rabbani, Aria Setoodeh, Farzaneh Abbasi, Fatemeh Sayarifard, Amir Hosein Memari
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on sexual maturation among girls with intellectual, sensory, or physical disabilities. OBJECTIVES: The present cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the sexual maturation of girls with these disabilities in special schools. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the onset and progression of sexual maturation in 642 six to 18-year-old girls with intellectual, sensory, or physical disabilities from special schools in Tehran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131070/health-education-on-diabetes-and-other-non-communicable-diseases-imparted-to-teachers-shows-a-cascading-effect-a-study-from-southern-india
#11
Sundaram Selvam, Narayanasamy Murugesan, Chamukuttan Snehalatha, Arun Nanditha, Arun Raghavan, Mary Simon, Priscilla Susairaj, Ambady Ramachandran
AIMS: The aims were to assess effect of a short training programme on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly diabetes on school teachers and also on students who were in turn educated by them. Lifestyle changes made by both groups were assessed 6months later. METHODS: Graduate teachers (n=1017) from 2 districts in Tamilnadu, India were trained using audio visual aids in batches of 100, on healthy lifestyle practices, prevention and management of diabetes...
March 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103872/the-use-of-the-eq-5d-y-health-related-quality-of-life-outcome-measure-in-children-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-psychometric-properties-feasibility-and-usefulness-a-longitudinal-analytical-study
#12
Des Scott, Gillian D Ferguson, Jennifer Jelsma
BACKGROUND: The EQ-5D-Y, an outcome measure of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in children, was developed by an international task team in 2010. The multinational feasibility, reliability and validity study which followed was undertaken with mainly healthy children. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-Y when used to assess the HRQoL of children with different health states. METHOD: A sample of 224 children between eight and twelve years were grouped according to their health state...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992286/the-role-of-gender-in-neuropsychological-assessment-in-healthy-adolescents
#13
Megan Elizabeth Evelyn Mormile, Tamerah N Hunt
Research in collegiate athletes has revealed significant gender differences in areas of verbal memory, visual memory, and reaction time. Additionally, research has focused on differences in neuropsychological components and gender in collegiate populations; however, such differences in gender have not been documented in healthy adolescent populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify potential differences between males and females using different components of a common computerized neuropsychological test...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538157/-applicational-evaluation-of-split-tooth-extractions-of-upper-molars-using-piezosurgery
#14
D Li, C B Guo, Y Liu, E B Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of Piezosurgery in split teeth extractions. METHODS: A single-center, randomized, split-mouth study was performed using a consecutive serious of unrelated healthy patients attending the departing of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. 40 patients were selected for extraction of maxillary molars without reservation value,splitting or nonvital teeth. They were divided into control (20 patients) and test groups (20 patients) randomly...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412539/-characteristics-of-attention-in-school-age-children-with-mild-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Juan Wang, Juan Zhang, Zhen-Zhen Wang, Xiao-Ying Liu, Hong Yang, Wen-Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of attention in school-age children with mild autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to provide a basis for clinical treatment. METHODS: A total of 20 school-age children with mild ASD were enrolled, and the intermediate visual and auditory continuous performance test (IVA-CPT) was used to assess their attention. A total of 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 40 healthy children were enrolled as controls...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245833/neurocognitive-development-after-pediatric-heart-surgery
#16
Caroline Sterken, Jurgen Lemiere, Greet Van den Berghe, Dieter Mesotten
OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) often have neurocognitive deficits, sometimes with a detrimental impact on daily and school functioning. These deficits may increase through childhood. In this study, we investigated whether children with CHD, who underwent heart surgery as infants, show more neurocognitive deficits, especially in the executive functions, as they get older, compared with healthy controls. METHODS: In this longitudinal follow-up study, 107 children with CHD and 77 healthy control children underwent extensive neurocognitive testing at 4 years of age...
June 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107022/the-picture-of-health-examining-school-based-health-environments-through-photographs
#17
Julia C H Kontak, Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Tarra L Penney, Stefan Kuhle, Sara F L Kirk
Health-promoting schools (HPS) is an effective approach to enhance the health and well-being of children and youth, but its measurement remains a challenge considering contextual differences across school environments. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the physical features of the school environment through photographs of schools that had implemented an HPS approach compared with schools that had not. This study used a descriptive approach, wherein physical features of the school environment were distilled through visual images and qualitatively analyzed...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105764/electrophysiological-evidences-of-visual-field-alterations-in-children-exposed-to-vigabatrin-early-in-life
#18
Noémie Hébert-Lalonde, Lionel Carmant, Philippe Major, Marie-Sylvie Roy, Maryse Lassonde, Dave Saint-Amour
BACKGROUND: We assessed central and peripheral visual field processing in children with epilepsy who were exposed to vigabatrin during infancy. METHODS: Steady-state visual evoked potentials and pattern electroretinograms to field-specific radial checkerboards flickering at two cycle frequencies (7.5 and 6 Hz for central and peripheral stimulations, respectively) were recorded from Oz and at the eye in seven school-age children (10.1 ± 3.5 years) exposed to vigabatrin early in life, compared with children early exposed to other antiepileptic drugs (n = 9) and healthy children (n = 8)...
June 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088040/sleep-promotion-program-for-improving-sleep-behaviors-in-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#19
Bindu John, Sumanth Shetty Bellipady, Shrinivasa Undaru Bhat
Aims. The purpose of this pilot trial was to determine the efficacy of sleep promotion program to adapt it for the use of adolescents studying in various schools of Mangalore, India, and evaluate the feasibility issues before conducting a randomized controlled trial in a larger sample of adolescents. Methods. A randomized controlled trial design with stratified random sampling method was used. Fifty-eight adolescents were selected (mean age: 14.02 ± 2.15 years; intervention group, n = 34; control group, n = 24)...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061128/what-colour-are-newborns-eyes-prevalence-of-iris-colour-in-the-newborn-eye-screening-test-nest-study
#20
Cassie A Ludwig, Natalia F Callaway, Douglas R Fredrick, Mark S Blumenkranz, Darius M Moshfeghi
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the birth prevalence of iris colour among newborns in a prospective, healthy, full-term newborn cohort. METHODS: The Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) study is a prospective cohort study conducted at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University School of Medicine. A paediatric vitreoretinal specialist (DMM) reviewed images sent to the Byers Eye Institute telemedicine reading centre and recorded eye colour for every infant screened...
August 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
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