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healthy visual—general school

D Li, C B Guo, Y Liu, E B Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of Piezosurgery in split teeth extractions. METHODS: A single-center, randomized, split-mouth study was performed using a consecutive serious of unrelated healthy patients attending the departing of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. 40 patients were selected for extraction of maxillary molars without reservation value,splitting or nonvital teeth. They were divided into control (20 patients) and test groups (20 patients) randomly...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Juan Wang, Juan Zhang, Zhen-Zhen Wang, Xiao-Ying Liu, Hong Yang, Wen-Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of attention in school-age children with mild autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to provide a basis for clinical treatment. METHODS: A total of 20 school-age children with mild ASD were enrolled, and the intermediate visual and auditory continuous performance test (IVA-CPT) was used to assess their attention. A total of 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 40 healthy children were enrolled as controls...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Caroline Sterken, Jurgen Lemiere, Greet Van den Berghe, Dieter Mesotten
OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) often have neurocognitive deficits, sometimes with a detrimental impact on daily and school functioning. These deficits may increase through childhood. In this study, we investigated whether children with CHD, who underwent heart surgery as infants, show more neurocognitive deficits, especially in the executive functions, as they get older, compared with healthy controls. METHODS: In this longitudinal follow-up study, 107 children with CHD and 77 healthy control children underwent extensive neurocognitive testing at 4 years of age...
June 2016: Pediatrics
Julia C H Kontak, Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Tarra L Penney, Stefan Kuhle, Sara F L Kirk
Health-promoting schools (HPS) is an effective approach to enhance the health and well-being of children and youth, but its measurement remains a challenge considering contextual differences across school environments. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the physical features of the school environment through photographs of schools that had implemented an HPS approach compared with schools that had not. This study used a descriptive approach, wherein physical features of the school environment were distilled through visual images and qualitatively analyzed...
April 22, 2016: Health Promotion International
Noémie Hébert-Lalonde, Lionel Carmant, Philippe Major, Marie-Sylvie Roy, Maryse Lassonde, Dave Saint-Amour
BACKGROUND: We assessed central and peripheral visual field processing in children with epilepsy who were exposed to vigabatrin during infancy. METHODS: Steady-state visual evoked potentials and pattern electroretinograms to field-specific radial checkerboards flickering at two cycle frequencies (7.5 and 6 Hz for central and peripheral stimulations, respectively) were recorded from Oz and at the eye in seven school-age children (10.1 ± 3.5 years) exposed to vigabatrin early in life, compared with children early exposed to other antiepileptic drugs (n = 9) and healthy children (n = 8)...
June 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Bindu John, Sumanth Shetty Bellipady, Shrinivasa Undaru Bhat
Aims. The purpose of this pilot trial was to determine the efficacy of sleep promotion program to adapt it for the use of adolescents studying in various schools of Mangalore, India, and evaluate the feasibility issues before conducting a randomized controlled trial in a larger sample of adolescents. Methods. A randomized controlled trial design with stratified random sampling method was used. Fifty-eight adolescents were selected (mean age: 14.02 ± 2.15 years; intervention group, n = 34; control group, n = 24)...
2016: Scientifica
Cassie A Ludwig, Natalia F Callaway, Douglas R Fredrick, Mark S Blumenkranz, Darius M Moshfeghi
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the birth prevalence of iris colour among newborns in a prospective, healthy, full-term newborn cohort. METHODS: The Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) study is a prospective cohort study conducted at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University School of Medicine. A paediatric vitreoretinal specialist (DMM) reviewed images sent to the Byers Eye Institute telemedicine reading centre and recorded eye colour for every infant screened...
August 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Mónica Ruiz-Casares
A diverse group of 103 children aged 7-11 years old living in family and residential care in rural and urban settings in two northern provinces in Lao People's Democratic Republic participated in group discussions using images and community mapping. Children's identified sources of risk and protection illustrate primary public health and protection concerns and resources. Young children worried about lack of hygiene, unintentional injuries, corporal punishment, and domestic violence. They also expressed concern about gambling and children sleeping in the streets, even if they had never seen any of the latter in their communities...
May 2016: Global Public Health
Marcus Griffith, Jeana Griffith, Mellanese Cobb, Vladimir Oge
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a health care crisis according to the leading pediatric advocacy groups (National Medical Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, and American Diabetes Association) and the White House. The problem has reached epidemic proportions for all children, but it has an even greater impact on racial minorities. The subject of childhood obesity can lead to a host of medical, psychological, and social problems, including low self-esteem and discrimination...
2016: Permanente Journal
Aimee Custer, Alicia Sufrinko, R J Elbin, Tracey Covassin, Micky Collins, Anthony Kontos
CONTEXT: Some healthy athletes report high levels of baseline concussion symptoms, which may be attributable to several factors (eg, illness, personality, somaticizing). However, the role of baseline symptoms in outcomes after sport-related concussion (SRC) has not been empirically examined. OBJECTIVE: To determine if athletes with high symptom scores at baseline performed worse than athletes without baseline symptoms on neurocognitive testing after SRC. DESIGN: Cohort study...
February 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Cristina Rodríguez Fernández, Daniel Mata Zubillaga, Luis Miguel Rodríguez Fernández, Laura Regueras Santos, Maria Mercedes Reguera García, José Antonio de Paz Fernández, Santiago Lapeña López de Armentia
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies show that many preterm children without apparent neurological sequelae present some difficulties in different areas, such as coordination or balance during their school years. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) has demonstrated to be a useful tool to validate the coordination, while the stabilometric platform was the reference standard test for validating the balance. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Case-control study carried out on preterm children from 7 to 10 years old and healthy term infant controls of the same ages...
August 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Felipe Pegado, Enio Comerlato, Fabricio Ventura, Antoinette Jobert, Kimihiro Nakamura, Marco Buiatti, Paulo Ventura, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz, Régine Kolinsky, José Morais, Lucia W Braga, Laurent Cohen, Stanislas Dehaene
Learning to read requires the acquisition of an efficient visual procedure for quickly recognizing fine print. Thus, reading practice could induce a perceptual learning effect in early vision. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in literate and illiterate adults, we previously demonstrated an impact of reading acquisition on both high- and low-level occipitotemporal visual areas, but could not resolve the time course of these effects. To clarify whether literacy affects early vs. late stages of visual processing, we measured event-related potentials to various categories of visual stimuli in healthy adults with variable levels of literacy, including completely illiterate subjects, early-schooled literate subjects, and subjects who learned to read in adulthood (ex-illiterates)...
December 9, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
E Cattelino, M Bina, A M Skanjeti, E Calandri
BACKGROUND: Body perception has been mainly studied in adolescents and adults in relation to eating disorders and obesity because such conditions are usually associated with distortion in the perception of body size. The development of body perception in children was rather neglected despite the relevance of this issue in understanding the aetiology of health eating problems. The main aim of this study was to investigate body weight and body height perception in children by gender, age and body mass index (BMI), taking into account differences among underweight, healthy weight, overweight and obese children...
November 2015: Child: Care, Health and Development
Julian Hamilton-Shield, Joanna Goodred, Lesley Powell, Joanna Thorn, Jon Banks, Sandra Hollinghurst, Alan Montgomery, Katrina Turner, Debbie Sharp
BACKGROUND: Around one in five children in England is obese when they leave primary school. Thus far, it has not been demonstrated that primary care interventions to manage childhood obesity can achieve significant weight reduction. Training obese children to eat more slowly as an adjunct to other healthy lifestyle behaviour change has been shown to increase weight reduction in a hospital setting. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to test recruitment strategies, treatment adherence, clinic attendance and participants' experiences of using a device [Mandolean® (previously Mandometer®, Mikrodidakt AB, Lund, Sweden)] to slow down speed of eating as an adjunct to dietary and activity advice in treating obesity in primary school-aged children...
July 2014: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
M-I V Kontaxaki, E Kattoulas, N Smyrnis, N C Stefanis
Cognitive impairment is a core feature of schizophrenia and it is considered by many researchers as one of the dimensional components of the disorder. Cognitive dysfunction occurs in 85% of schizophrenic patients and it is negatively associated with the outcome of the disorder, the psychosocial functioning of the patients, and non-compliance with treatment. Many different cognitive domains are impaired in schizophrenia, such as attention, memory, executive functions and speech. Nowadays, it is argued that apart from clinical heterogeneity of schizophrenia, there is probable heterogeneity in the accompanying neurocognitive dysfunction...
January 2014: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
A C Mazzonetto, G M R Fiates
In order to identify children's perceptions about food choices and their behavior as consumers and influencers of food purchases, 16 focus groups were conducted with 71 students aged 8-10 years. Transcriptions were submitted to lexical analysis using the Alceste software. The initial contextual unit broke down into 1469 elementary contextual units, 84% of which were retained in the descending hierarchical classification. Results from the larger and more specific classes are reported here. Children were students from public schools where energy-dense nutrient-poor (EDNP) food consumption was severely restricted, but these foods were still bought by the children themselves or requested from their parents...
July 2014: Appetite
David E Jacobs, Emily Ahonen, Sherry L Dixon, Samuel Dorevitch, Jill Breysse, Janet Smith, Anne Evens, Doborah Dobrez, Marjie Isaacson, Colin Murphy, Lorraine Conroy, Peter Levavi
BACKGROUND: Green building systems have proliferated but health outcomes and associated costs and benefits remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To compare health before and after families moved into new green healthy housing with a control group in traditionally repaired housing. DESIGN AND SETTING: Mixed methods study in 3 Chicago housing developments. PARTICIPANTS: Public housing and low-income subsidized households (n = 325 apartments with 803 individuals)...
July 2015: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Patrício Soares Costa, Nadine Correia Santos, Pedro Cunha, Jorge Cotter, Nuno Sousa
The main focus of this study was to illustrate the applicability of multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) in detecting and representing underlying structures in large datasets used to investigate cognitive ageing. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to obtain main cognitive dimensions, and MCA was used to detect and explore relationships between cognitive, clinical, physical, and lifestyle variables. Two PCA dimensions were identified (general cognition/executive function and memory), and two MCA dimensions were retained...
2013: Journal of Aging Research
Jennifer Lorenzo, Belinda Barton, Shelley S Arnold, Kathryn N North
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cognitive functioning of 40-month-old children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). STUDY DESIGN: In this case-control study, 43 children with NF1 and 43 comparison children (matched by age, sex, and maternal years of education) were assessed using the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Third Edition. Language, visual perception, preliteracy, and executive functioning were also examined. Parents completed questionnaires about their child's behavior...
November 2013: Journal of Pediatrics
Hilary Bungay, Trish Vella-Burrows
AIMS: Health-promoting strategies need to be culturally appropriate to encourage healthy behaviours and lifestyle choices in children and young people. This rapid review explores the effects of participating in creative activities on the health and well-being of children aged between 11 and 18 years. METHODS: Building on an earlier systematic review undertaken by Daykin and colleagues(1) a rapid review of the literature published between 2004 and 2011 was undertaken...
January 2013: Perspectives in Public Health
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