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Fluid therapy in c section

D Vinayagam, S Bampoe, B Thilaganathan, A Khalil
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative haemodynamic monitoring is carried out in high-risk surgical patients, often using invasive methods, including pulmonary artery catheterisation. Early goal-directed therapy in high-risk surgical patients reduces tissue hypoxia, organ failure and improves outcomes. Significant maternal morbidity arises as a result of perioperative haemorrhage. At present, heart rate and brachial blood pressure are used as proxy markers to aid in fluid resuscitation, however, we know that these exhibit minimal change during early stages of shock, and are poor indicators of the adequacy of therapeutic intervention...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Chong Chen, Tie-Zhu Ma, Li-Na Wang, Jing-Jing Wang, Yue Tu, Ming-Liang Zhao, Sai Zhang, Hong-Tao Sun, Xiao-Hong Li
Although previous research has demonstrated that traumatic brain injury (TBI) accelerates the proliferation of neural stem cells in dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, most of these newborn cells undergo apoptosis in a traumatic microenvironment. Thus, promoting the long-term survival of newborn cells during neurogenesis is a compelling goal for the treatment of TBI. In this study, we investigated whether mild hypothermia (MHT) therapy, which mitigates the multiple secondary injury cascades of TBI, enhances the survival of newborn cells...
October 29, 2016: Neuroscience
Qian Zhang, Bin Chen, Dinggui Zhu, Fuhua Yan
OBJECTIVE: To compare five biomarker levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in different tooth-sites of subjects with healthy periodontium, aggressive periodontitis and severe chronic periodontitis, and to evaluate the value of these biomarker levels for diagnosis of the type and activity of periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prior to therapy, GCF samples were collected using filter paper strip at different tooth-sites of 10 subjects with healthy periodontium (H), 15 with severe chronic periodontitis (CP) and 15 with aggressive periodontitis (AgP)...
August 21, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Albert M Anderson, Jeffrey L Lennox, Mark M Mulligan, David W Loring, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Cari Kessing, Rajeth Koneru, Kirk Easley, William R Tyor
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HANDs) continue to be common and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, the underlying mechanisms in the combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) era are not fully understood. Interferon alpha (IFNα) is an antiviral cytokine found to be elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of individuals with advanced HIV-associated dementia in the pre-cART era. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the association between IFNα and neurocognitive performance in ambulatory HIV-infected individuals with milder impairment...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Neurovirology
Elon H C van Dijk, Michiel F Nijhoff, Eiko K de Jong, Onno C Meijer, Aiko P J de Vries, Camiel J F Boon
PURPOSE: To describe ophthalmological characteristics of 13 patients with primary hyperaldosteronism (PA). METHODS: Cross-sectional study. All patients underwent extensive ophthalmological examination. RESULTS: Thirteen PA patients (9 male, 4 female) were diagnosed with arterial hypertension for 11.0 ± 11.2 years. Ophthalmological imaging revealed macular serous subretinal fluid (SRF) on optical coherence tomography in 2 patients (15 %)...
July 8, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Zhigang Wang, Xueting Cai, Zhonghua Pang, Dawei Wang, Juan Ye, Kelei Su, Xiaoyan Sun, Jing Li, Peng Cao, Chunping Hu
Background. Yupingfeng Pulvis (HFBP) had played an active role in many diseases, especially respiratory tract infections. Exploring the possible prevention mechanism of HFBP may provide new ideas in clinical applications for this well-known herbal formula. Purpose. To study the possible mechanisms of therapy effect of HFBP on asthma mice via regulating the balance of Tregs and Th17 cells. Method. The female BALB/c mice were divided into five groups: control group, model group, prednisone (5.5 mg/kg) group, and 22 g/kg HFBP and 44 g/kg HFBP groups...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Fahri Yetisir, Akgün Ebru Sarer, Hasan Zafer Acar, Gokhan Osmanoglu, Mehmet Özer, Faik Yaylak
Introduction. We report the management of a septic Open Abdomen (OA) patient by the help of negative pressure therapy (NPT) and abdominal reapproximation anchor (ABRA) system in pregnant woman with spontaneous jejunal perforation after emergent cesarean section (C/S) with confounding factor of mild acute pancreatitis (AP). Presentation of Case. A 29-year-old and 34-week pregnant woman with AP underwent C/S. She was arrested after anesthesia induction and responded to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). There were only ash-colored serosanguinous fluid within abdomen during C/S...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Shikui Zhang, Rongjia Yang, Yonghua Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of siRNA-mediated inhibition of lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck) on pulmonary inflammation in a mouse model of asthma. METHODS: A total of 32 female BABL/c mice were used in the study. The mouse asthma model was established with ovabumin (OVA), and Lck specific siRNA or nonspecific siRNA was transfected through the tail vein before the first OVA challenge. Two days after the last challenge, mice were sacrificed and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), plasma and lung tissue were collected...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
A K Samadoulougou, D T Naibe, D G Mandi, E Kabore, G R C Millogo, N V Yameogo, J K Kologo, A T Tall, B J Y Toguyeni, P Zabsonre
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin K antagonists (VKA), the most widely prescribed oral anticoagulant therapy, represent a major public health problem by the adverse events related to their use. The aim of this study was to clarify the level of knowledge that patients have about the management of their oral anticoagulant treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study performed at Yalgado Ouedraogo university Hospital, over a period of three months starting from March 1st to May 31st 2012...
September 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Matthew L Diamond, Anne C Ritter, Michelle D Failla, Jennifer A Boles, Yvette P Conley, Patrick M Kochanek, Amy K Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a significant complication following traumatic brain injury (TBI), yet the role of genetic variation in modulating PTE onset is unclear. We hypothesized that TBI-induced inflammation likely contributes to seizure development. We assessed whether genetic variation in the interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) gene, Il-1β levels in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and serum, and CSF/serum IL-1β ratios would predict PTE development post-TBI. METHODS: We investigated PTE development in 256 Caucasian adults with moderate-to-severe TBI...
July 2015: Epilepsia
Albert M Anderson, Christine Fennema-Notestine, Anya Umlauf, Michael J Taylor, David B Clifford, Christina M Marra, Ann C Collier, Benjamin B Gelman, Justin C McArthur, J Allen McCutchan, David M Simpson, Susan Morgello, Igor Grant, Scott L Letendre
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) persist despite combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), supporting the need to better understand HIV neuropathogenesis. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of the brain has demonstrated abnormalities in HIV-infected individuals despite cART. We examined the associations between MRS metabolites and selected cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers reflecting monocyte/macrophage activation and chemotaxis. A multicenter cross-sectional study involving five sites in the USA was conducted...
October 2015: Journal of Neurovirology
Mohammad A Enayatollahi, Javad Parvizi
Despite the battery of available tests, the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a challenge. A comprehensive medical history and physical examination with appropriate radiographs followed by erythrocyte sedimentation rate and serum C-reactive protein are the first-line screening test for patients with suspected hip PJI. The second line of investigation of patients with abnormal serology or a strong suspicion for PJI, is joint aspiration. Aspirates should be sent for assessment of white blood cell count, polymorphonuclear percentage, leukocyte esterase strip test, and microbiology...
July 2015: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Vitaly Kheyfets, Mirunalini Thirugnanasambandam, Lourdes Rios, Daniel Evans, Triston Smith, Theodore Schroeder, Jeffrey Mueller, Srinivas Murali, David Lasorda, Jennifer Spotti, Ender Finol
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a devastating disease affecting approximately 15-50 people per million, with a higher incidence in women. PH mortality is mostly attributed to right ventricle (RV) failure, which results from RV hypotrophy due to an overburdened hydraulic workload. The objective of this study is to correlate wall shear stress (WSS) with hemodynamic metrics that are generally accepted as clinical indicators of RV workload and are well correlated with disease outcome. Retrospective right heart catheterization data for 20 PH patients were analyzed to derive pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), arterial compliance (C), and an index of wave reflections (Γ)...
March 2015: Pulmonary Circulation
J M Lieb, C Stippich, F J Ahlhelm
CLINICAL ISSUE: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a disorder found mainly in the elderly (> 60 years) with an increasing prevalence with age and is one of the few treatable causes of dementia. If untreated NPH often leads to severe motor, psychomotor and irreversible cognitive deficits. The pathogenesis is not yet fully understood. Clinical symptoms consist of the (not always complete) classical triad of equilibrium and gait disturbances followed later by incontinence and dementia...
May 2015: Der Radiologe
Anuj Shukla, Priyanka Gaur, Amita Aggarwal
OBJECTIVE: Monocytes of children with enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) show Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) overexpression. Tenascin-C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein and acts as an endogenous TLR4 ligand. Thus, we studied the serum and synovial fluid (SF) levels of TNC in children with ERA. METHODS: TNC was measured in the serum of 80 children with ERA satisfying the International League of Associations for Rheumatology criteria. Fifteen children were followed up while being treated with regular nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy and levels were reassessed at 3 months...
May 2015: Journal of Rheumatology
Kristin M Khalaf, Karin S Coyne, Denise R Globe, Edward P Armstrong, Daniel C Malone, Jack Burks
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess self-reported prevalence and management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), along with drivers of treatment seeking, among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: An online, cross-sectional survey was administered to US-residing participants with self-reported MS to assess presence of LUTS, including urinary incontinence (UI). Participants experiencing LUTS were asked additional questions related to management and current therapies...
January 2015: International Journal of MS Care
Han Zhang, Damian C Micomonaco, Peter T Dziegielewski, Leigh J Sowerby, Ezekiel Weis, Erin D Wright
BACKGROUND: Chronic refractory vasomotor rhinitis (VMR) is a debilitating condition that causes significant impairment of quality of life. The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy and potential side effects of endoscopic vidian neurectomy as treatment for patients with VMR. METHODS: This study was a prospective, intent-to-follow case series. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients with debilitating VMR refractory to medical therapy and with significant impact on quality of life; (2) negative allergy history and skin testing; and (3) negative computed tomography (CT) scan to rule out skull-base defect or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula...
May 2015: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Changqin Liu, Brenna Cholerton, Min Shi, Carmen Ginghina, Kevin C Cain, Peggy Auinger, Jing Zhang
INTRODUCTION: A substantial proportion of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have concomitant cognitive dysfunction. Identification of biomarker profiles that predict which PD patients have a greater likelihood for progression of cognitive symptoms is pressingly needed for future treatment and prevention approaches. METHODS: Subjects were drawn from the Deprenyl and Tocopherol Antioxidative Therapy of Parkinsonism (DATATOP) study, a large clinical trial that enrolled initially untreated PD patients...
March 2015: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
David Saper, Nina Capiro, Richard Ma, Xinning Li
Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a gram-positive anaerobic bacillus commonly isolated from the flora of the face, chest, and axilla region. It has emerged as a major pathogen responsible for postoperative shoulder infections after both arthroscopy and arthroplasty procedures. Patients with P. acnes shoulder infection typically present with normal laboratory values (white blood cells (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP)) making diagnosis difficult. Several intraoperative tissue cultures should be obtained and cultured in both agar plate and broth in aerobic and anaerobic conditions for a minimum of 13 days to optimize the sensitivity and specificity to detect P...
March 2015: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Neele Schepker, Guillermo-José Garcia-Rocha, Frauke von Versen-Höynck, Peter Hillemanns, Cordula Schippert
PURPOSE: Caesarean delivery (c-section) scar dehiscences may cause bleeding abnormalities, e.g. postmenstrual spotting, dysmenorrhea and abdominal pain, secondary sterility and at worst peripartum uterine rupture. The purpose of this study was firstly to identify the correlation of women's complaints after c-section with scar-related clinical symptoms. Secondly, the effects of corrective surgery on preoperatively existing complaints were analysed and assessed in the patient population of our clinic...
June 2015: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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